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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433296/what-is-lost-in-translation-a-cross-cultural-study-to-compare-the-concept-of-nuttiness-and-its-perception-in-soymilk-among-korean-chinese-and-western-groups
#1
Sun-Ho Kim, Nina Petard, Jae-Hee Hong
Cross-cultural communication of "nuttiness" can be problematic because the underlying conceptual elements and words used to describe its features may be largely culture-dependent. The present study was conducted to understand similarities and dissimilarities in the concept of nuttiness and its actual perception in our model food system, soymilk, among similar (Korean and Chinese) and dissimilar (Western) food cultures. In total, 110 Koreans, 103 Chinese, and 93 English-speaking, Western consumers were recruited...
March 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422684/somatic-countertransference-as-evidence-of-adhesive-identification-in-a-severely-traumatized-woman
#2
Judy K Eekhoff
This paper discusses the use of somatic countertransference as a means of learning about the patient, about projective and adhesive identification and about the object relating nature of the most traumatized and withdrawn part of the personality. It assumes an elemental knowledge of British Object Relations and uses clinical material to illustrate the hypotheses that somatic countertransference is an indicator of a very elemental communication occurring from the aspect of the psyche that is united in a body mind or mind body...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411307/interprofessional-communication-concerning-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#3
Séverine Beyer, Thomas Gouyet, Véronique Daubas Letourneux, Eric Mener, Sandrine Huge, Audrey Petit, Cyril Begue
Purpose Understanding and treating musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) requires coordination between the numerous healthcare professionals involved, including occupational physicians (OPs), general practitioners (GPs) and social insurance physicians (SIPs). The main objective of this study was to assess communication between OPs, GPs and SIPs in the management of MSDs. Methods This is a qualitative study in the form of semi-structured interviews with OPs in the French region of Brittany. The interviews were conducted until data saturation was achieved...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395240/using-epistemic-network-analysis-to-identify-targets-for-educational-interventions-in-trauma-team-communication
#4
Sarah Sullivan, Charles Warner-Hillard, Brendan Eagan, Ryan J Thompson, A R Ruis, Krista Haines, Carla M Pugh, David Williamson Shaffer, Hee Soo Jung
BACKGROUND: Epistemic Network Analysis (ENA) is a technique for modeling and comparing the structure of connections between elements in coded data. We hypothesized that connections among team discourse elements as modeled by ENA would predict the quality of team performance in trauma simulation. METHODS: The Modified Non-technical Skills Scale for Trauma (T-NOTECHS) was used to score a simulation-based trauma team resuscitation. Sixteen teams of 5 trainees participated...
February 1, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392084/cardiovascular-risk-factors-are-correlated-with-low-cognitive-function-among-older-adults-across-europe-based-on-the-share-database
#5
Joana Lourenco, Antonio Serrano, Alice Santos-Silva, Marcos Gomes, Claudia Afonso, Paula Freitas, Constanca Paul, Elisio Costa
Increased life expectancy is associated with a high prevalence of chronic, non-communicable diseases including cognitive decline and dementia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of cognitive impairment using three cognitive abilities (verbal fluency, numeracy and perceived memory) and their association with cardiovascular risk factors in seniors across Europe. Data from participants in wave 4 of the SHARE (Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe) database was used. Cognitive performance in perceived memory, verbal fluency and numeracy was evaluated using simple tests and a memory complaints questionnaire...
February 2018: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384422/the-impact-of-documentation-on-communication-during-patient-physiotherapist-interactions-a-qualitative-observational-study
#6
Veronika Schoeb, Amy Hiller
Documentation is an essential component of physiotherapy practice for clinical, legal, and ethical reasons. Research in other healthcare contexts suggests that documentation impacts upon communication in patient-practitioner interactions. Thus, the objective of this qualitative study was to examine how physiotherapists and their patients communicate during episodes of documentation. The research was informed by ethnomethodology and ethnography. In total, 113 patient-physiotherapist interactions were observed in Switzerland and Australia with video-recordings, audio-recordings, and field notes collected as data...
January 31, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378698/sexual-orientation-disclosure-in-health-care-a-systematic-review
#7
Hannah Brooks, Carrie D Llewellyn, Tom Nadarzynski, Fernando Castilho Pelloso, Felipe De Souza Guilherme, Alex Pollard, Christina J Jones
BACKGROUND: Significant health disparities between sexual minority individuals (that is, lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender [LGBT]) and heterosexual individuals have been demonstrated. AIM: To understand the barriers and facilitators to sexual orientation (SO) disclosure experienced by LGBT adults in healthcare settings. DESIGN AND SETTING: Mixed methods systematic review, including qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods papers following PRISMA guidelines...
January 29, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378616/sensemaking-in-the-formation-of-basic-life-support-teams-a-proof-of-concept-qualitative-study-of-simulated-in-hospital-cardiac-arrests
#8
Peter Hallas, Johnny Lauridsen, Mikkel Brabrand
BACKGROUND: The formation of critical care teams is a complex process where team members need to get a shared understanding of a serious situation. No previous studies have focused on how this shared understanding is achieved during the formation of cardiac arrest teams. "Sensemaking" is a concept well known in organizational studies. It refers to the collaborative effort among members in a dialogue to create meaning in an ambiguous situation, often by using subtle variations in the sentences in the dialogue...
January 29, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353517/visual-spatial-cognition-in-children-using-aided-communication
#9
Kristine Stadskleiv, Beata Batorowicz, Munique Massaro, Hans van Balkom, Stephen von Tetzchner
Children with severe motor impairments are restricted in their manipulation and exploration of objects, but little is known about how such limitations influence cognitive development. This study investigated visual-constructional abilities in 75 children and adolescents, aged 5;0-15;11 (years;months), with severe speech impairments and no intellectual disabilities (aided group) and in 56 children and adolescents with typical development (reference group). Verbal comprehension, non-verbal reasoning, and visual-spatial perception were assessed with standardized tests...
January 22, 2018: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349505/embracing-your-emotions-affective-state-impacts-lateralisation-of-human-embraces
#10
Julian Packheiser, Noemi Rook, Zeynep Dursun, Janne Mesenhöller, Alrescha Wenglorz, Onur Güntürkün, Sebastian Ocklenburg
Humans are highly social animals that show a wide variety of verbal and non-verbal behaviours to communicate social intent. One of the most frequently used non-verbal social behaviours is embracing, commonly used as an expression of love and affection. However, it can also occur in a large variety of social situations entailing negative (fear or sadness) or neutral emotionality (formal greetings). Embracing is also experienced from birth onwards in mother-infant interactions and is thus accompanying human social interaction across the whole lifespan...
January 18, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329955/longitudinal-predictors-of-early-language-in-infants-with-down-syndrome-a-preliminary-study
#11
Emily Mason-Apps, Vesna Stojanovik, Carmel Houston-Price, Sue Buckley
PURPOSE: Children with Down syndrome (DS) typically have marked delays in language development relative to their general cognitive development, with particular difficulties in expressive compared to receptive language. Although early social communication skills, including gestures and joint attention, have been shown to be related to later language outcomes in DS, knowledge is limited as to whether these factors exclusively predict outcomes, or whether other factors (e.g. perceptual and non-verbal skills) are involved...
January 9, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322822/assessment-of-aided-language-comprehension-and-use-in-children-and-adolescents-with-severe-speech-and-motor-impairments
#12
Beata Batorowicz, Kristine Stadskleiv, Gregor Renner, Annika Dahlgren Sandberg, Stephen von Tetzchner
There is limited knowledge about aided language comprehension and use in children who use aided communication and who are considered to have a relatively good comprehension of spoken language. This study's purpose was to assess their aided language skills. The participants were 96 children and adolescents who used communication aids (aided group) and 73 children and adolescents with natural speech (reference group), aged 5 to 15 years. All of the participants who used aided communication were regarded by their teachers or professionals as having age-appropriate language comprehension...
January 11, 2018: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240700/high-speed-video-system-for-micro-expression-detection-and-recognition
#13
Diana Borza, Radu Danescu, Razvan Itu, Adrian Darabant
Micro-expressions play an essential part in understanding non-verbal communication and deceit detection. They are involuntary, brief facial movements that are shown when a person is trying to conceal something. Automatic analysis of micro-expression is challenging due to their low amplitude and to their short duration (they occur as fast as 1/15 to 1/25 of a second). We propose a fully micro-expression analysis system consisting of a high-speed image acquisition setup and a software framework which can detect the frames when the micro-expressions occurred as well as determine the type of the emerged expression...
December 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236741/social-determinants-of-adult-mortality-from-non-communicable-diseases-in-northern-ethiopia-2009-2015-evidence-from-health-and-demographic-surveillance-site
#14
Semaw Ferede Abera, Alemseged Aregay Gebru, Hans Konrad Biesalski, Gebisa Ejeta, Andreas Wienke, Veronika Scherbaum, Eva Johanna Kantelhardt
INTRODUCTION: In developing countries, mortality and disability from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is rising considerably. The effect of social determinants of NCDs-attributed mortality, from the context of developing countries, is poorly understood. This study examines the burden and socio-economic determinants of adult mortality attributed to NCDs in eastern Tigray, Ethiopia. METHODS: We followed 45,982 adults implementing a community based dynamic cohort design recording mortality events from September 2009 to April 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186915/development-of-a-dog-assisted-activity-program-in-an-elementary-classroom
#15
Cinzia Correale, Lara Crescimbene, Marta Borgi, Francesca Cirulli
Here we describe a pilot Dog-Assisted Activity program that was designed to improve wellbeing and social integration in a multi-cultural elementary classroom in which some episodes of bullying had been reported. We developed a 5-encounters protocol with the aim of introducing pet dogs into the class to stimulate understanding of different types of communication and behavior, ultimately facilitating positive relationships among peers. A preliminary evaluation was carried out in order to assess the effect of the program on teachers' perception of children's difficulties (e...
November 27, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174190/communicating-radiology-test-results-are-our-phone-calls-excessive-just-right-or-not-enough
#16
Zeeshaan S Bhatti, Richard K J Brown, Ella A Kazerooni, Matthew S Davenport
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the preferences of radiology and referring provider residents regarding direct communication of radiology test results. METHODS: This Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant quality improvement effort was exempt from institutional review board oversight. An anonymous survey was emailed to 44 radiology residents and 364 referring resident providers who routinely provide or receive direct communication of test results at our quaternary care medical center...
November 23, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147782/common-functional-variants-of-the-glutamatergic-system-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-with-high-and-low-intellectual-abilities
#17
Andreas G Chiocchetti, Afsheen Yousaf, Hannah S Bour, Denise Haslinger, Regina Waltes, Eftichia Duketis, Tomas Jarczok, Michael Sachse, Monica Biscaldi, Franziska Degenhardt, Stefan Herms, Sven Cichon, Jörg Ackermann, Ina Koch, Sabine M Klauck, Christine M Freitag
The genetic architecture underlying Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been suggested to differ between individuals with lower (IQ ≤ 70; LIQ) and higher intellectual abilities (IQ > 70; HIQ). Among the identified pathomechanisms, the glutamatergic signalling pathway is of specific interest in ASD. We investigated 187 common functional variants of this neurotransmitter system for association with ASD and with symptom severity in two independent samples, a German (German-ALL: N = 583 families) and the Autism Genome Project cohort (AGP-ALL: N = 2001 families), split into HIQ, and LIQ subgroups...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125009/exercise-beliefs-and-behaviours-of-individuals-with-joint-hypermobility-syndrome-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-hypermobility-type
#18
Jane V Simmonds, Anthony Herbland, Alan Hakim, Nelly Ninis, William Lever, Qasim Aziz, Mindy Cairns
PURPOSE: To explore exercise beliefs and behaviours of individuals with Joint Hypermobility syndrome/Ehlers-Danlos syndrome - hypermobility type and to explore patient experiences of physiotherapy. METHODS: A cross sectional questionnaire survey design was used to collect quantitative and qualitative data from adult members of the Hypermobility Syndromes Association and Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Support UK. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data...
November 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119874/using-helping-skills-with-korean-clients-the-perspectives-of-korean-counselors
#19
Eunsun Joo, Clara E Hill, Young Hwa Kim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate how Korean counselors modify the helping skills they learned during training in their work with Korean clients. METHOD: Thirteen practicing Korean therapists who had taken two master's level courses in the Hill helping skills model were interviewed about their experiences in applying the model in their work with clients. Data were analyzed using consensual qualitative research (CQR). RESULTS: Several characteristics were noted of Korean clients that might influence the appropriateness of the helping skills model (e...
November 9, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089534/teaching-to-make-stone-tools-new-experimental-evidence-supporting-a-technological-hypothesis-for-the-origins-of-language
#20
D Lombao, M Guardiola, M Mosquera
The relationship between lithic technology, learning and language is a topic of growing interest in human evolution studies, and has therefore been the subject of numerous scientific papers in recent years. To evaluate the role of language in the social transmission of lithic technology, we designed and developed an experimental protocol through which we compared the acquisition of knapping skills in thirty non-experts in the early stages of learning, by means of three mechanisms of social transmission: imitation-emulation, gestural communication, and verbal communication...
October 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
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