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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186915/development-of-a-dog-assisted-activity-program-in-an-elementary-classroom
#1
Cinzia Correale, Lara Crescimbene, Marta Borgi, Francesca Cirulli
Here we describe a pilot Dog-Assisted Activity program that was designed to improve wellbeing and social integration in a multi-cultural elementary classroom in which some episodes of bullying had been reported. We developed a 5-encounters protocol with the aim of introducing pet dogs into the class to stimulate understanding of different types of communication and behavior, ultimately facilitating positive relationships among peers. A preliminary evaluation was carried out in order to assess the effect of the program on teachers' perception of children's difficulties (e...
November 27, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174190/communicating-radiology-test-results-are-our-phone-calls-excessive-just-right-or-not-enough
#2
Zeeshaan S Bhatti, Richard K J Brown, Ella A Kazerooni, Matthew S Davenport
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the preferences of radiology and referring provider residents regarding direct communication of radiology test results. METHODS: This Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant quality improvement effort was exempt from institutional review board oversight. An anonymous survey was emailed to 44 radiology residents and 364 referring resident providers who routinely provide or receive direct communication of test results at our quaternary care medical center...
November 23, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147782/common-functional-variants-of-the-glutamatergic-system-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-with-high-and-low-intellectual-abilities
#3
Andreas G Chiocchetti, Afsheen Yousaf, Hannah S Bour, Denise Haslinger, Regina Waltes, Eftichia Duketis, Tomas Jarczok, Michael Sachse, Monica Biscaldi, Franziska Degenhardt, Stefan Herms, Sven Cichon, Jörg Ackermann, Ina Koch, Sabine M Klauck, Christine M Freitag
The genetic architecture underlying Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been suggested to differ between individuals with lower (IQ ≤ 70; LIQ) and higher intellectual abilities (IQ > 70; HIQ). Among the identified pathomechanisms, the glutamatergic signalling pathway is of specific interest in ASD. We investigated 187 common functional variants of this neurotransmitter system for association with ASD and with symptom severity in two independent samples, a German (German-ALL: N = 583 families) and the Autism Genome Project cohort (AGP-ALL: N = 2001 families), split into HIQ, and LIQ subgroups...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125009/exercise-beliefs-and-behaviours-of-individuals-with-joint-hypermobility-syndrome-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-hypermobility-type
#4
Jane V Simmonds, Anthony Herbland, Alan Hakim, Nelly Ninis, William Lever, Qasim Aziz, Mindy Cairns
PURPOSE: To explore exercise beliefs and behaviours of individuals with Joint Hypermobility syndrome/Ehlers-Danlos syndrome - hypermobility type and to explore patient experiences of physiotherapy. METHODS: A cross sectional questionnaire survey design was used to collect quantitative and qualitative data from adult members of the Hypermobility Syndromes Association and Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Support UK. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data...
November 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119874/using-helping-skills-with-korean-clients-the-perspectives-of-korean-counselors
#5
Eunsun Joo, Clara E Hill, Young Hwa Kim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate how Korean counselors modify the helping skills they learned during training in their work with Korean clients. METHOD: Thirteen practicing Korean therapists who had taken two master's level courses in the Hill helping skills model were interviewed about their experiences in applying the model in their work with clients. Data were analyzed using consensual qualitative research (CQR). RESULTS: Several characteristics were noted of Korean clients that might influence the appropriateness of the helping skills model (e...
November 9, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089534/teaching-to-make-stone-tools-new-experimental-evidence-supporting-a-technological-hypothesis-for-the-origins-of-language
#6
D Lombao, M Guardiola, M Mosquera
The relationship between lithic technology, learning and language is a topic of growing interest in human evolution studies, and has therefore been the subject of numerous scientific papers in recent years. To evaluate the role of language in the social transmission of lithic technology, we designed and developed an experimental protocol through which we compared the acquisition of knapping skills in thirty non-experts in the early stages of learning, by means of three mechanisms of social transmission: imitation-emulation, gestural communication, and verbal communication...
October 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073537/diagnostic-accuracy-of-delirium-assessment-methods-in-critical-care-patients
#7
Angkita Barman, Debasis Pradhan, Prithwis Bhattacharyya, Samarjit Dey, Anirban Bhattacharjee, Sonali Shinde Tesia, Jayanta Kumar Mitra
PURPOSE: Delirium is a disorder of decreased ability to focus, sustain or shift attention, change in cognition and or perception. The main objective was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of Confusion Assessment Method for the ICU (CAM-ICU) and Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist (ICDSC) among the nursing and medical staff in a multidisciplinary ICU. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Three hundred ten verbally communicating and non-communicating patients (mean age in years 47...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058116/longitudinal-associations-of-social-cognition-and-substance-use-in-childhood-and-early-adolescence-findings-from-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children
#8
Meg E Fluharty, Jon Heron, Marcus R Munafò
Substance use is associated with impaired social cognition. Experimental studies have shown that acute intoxication of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis decreases the performance in non-verbal, social communication and theory of mind tasks. However, in epidemiological studies the temporal direction of this association has gone relatively unstudied. We investigated both directions of association within an adolescent birth cohort: the association of social cognition with subsequent substance use, and the association of early substance use with subsequent social cognition...
October 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023138/measurement-of-expressive-vocabulary-in-school-age-children-development-and-application-of-the-kilifi-naming-test-knt
#9
Patricia Kitsao-Wekulo, Penny A Holding, Jane D Kvalsvig, Katherine J Alcock, H Gerry Taylor
The dearth of locally developed measures of language makes it difficult to detect language and communication problems among school-age children in sub-Saharan African settings. We sought to describe variability in vocabulary acquisition as an important element of global cognitive functioning. Our primary aims were to establish the psychometric properties of an expressive vocabulary measure, examine sources of variability, and investigate the measure's associations with non-verbal reasoning and educational achievement...
October 12, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960547/developing-nurses-intercultural-intraprofessional-communication-skills-using-the-excellence-in-cultural-experiential-learning-and-leadership-excell-social-interaction-maps
#10
Saras Henderson, Michelle Barker
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine how the use of Social Interaction Maps (SIMs), a tool in the EXCELL (EXCELLence in Cultural Experiential Learning and Leadership) Program can enhance the development of nurses' intercultural/intraprofessional communication skills. BACKGROUND: Nurses face communication challenges when interacting with others from similar background as well as those from a culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) background. We used the EXCELL Program's Social Interaction Maps (SIMs) tool to foster intercultural/intraprofessional communication skills in nurses...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958607/evidenced-based-cognitive-rehabilitation-for-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-an-updated-review-of-the-literature-from-2007-2016
#11
REVIEW
Y Goverover, N D Chiaravalloti, A O'Brien, J DeLuca
OBJECTIVE: To update the clinical recommendations for cognitive rehabilitation of people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS), based on a systematic review of the literature from 2007 through 2016. DATA SOURCES: Searches of Medline, PsychInfo, and CINAHL with a combinations of the following terms: attention, awareness, cognition, cognitive, communication, executive, executive function, language, learning, memory, perception, problem solving, reasoning, rehabilitation, remediation, training, processing speed, and working memory, were conducted...
September 25, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958211/systematic-review-of-lessons-learned-from-delivering-tele-therapy-to-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#12
David Turgoose, Rachel Ashwick, Dominic Murphy
Introduction Despite increases in the number of ex-service personnel seeking treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), there remain a number of barriers to help-seeking which prevents many veterans from accessing psychological therapies. Tele-therapy provides one potential method of increasing the number of veterans accessing support. This review aimed to systematically review the literature in order to summarise what lessons have been learned so far from providing trauma-focused tele-therapies to veterans with PTSD...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950785/fidelity-to-a-motivational-interviewing-intervention-for-those-with-post-stroke-aphasia-a-small-scale-feasibility-study
#13
Emma-Joy Holland, Caroline L Watkins, Elizabeth Boaden, Catherine E Lightbody
OBJECTIVE: Depression after stroke is common, and talk-based psychological therapies can be a useful intervention. While a third of stroke survivors will experience communication difficulties impeding participation in talk-based therapies, little guidance exists to guide delivery for those with aphasia. We need to understand how to adapt talk-based therapies in the presence of aphasia. This study aimed to explore the feasibility of motivational interviewing (MI) in people with post-stroke aphasia...
September 27, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941954/a-parental-report-of-youth-transition-readiness-the-parent-starx-questionnaire-starx-p-and-re-evaluation-of-the-starx-child-report
#14
Meaghan Nazareth, Laura Hart, Maria Ferris, Eniko Rak, Stephen Hooper, Miranda A L van Tilburg
PURPOSE: The STARx Questionnaire is a self-report measure of health care transition (HCT) readiness in youth with chronic diseases. We aimed to improve reliability and generalizability of the STARx and report initial reliability data on the STARx-P Questionnaire, a self-report measure of parent perspective on their child's HCT readiness. METHODS: Participants were recruited in several clinics from a large academic hospital in the southeastern USA and via the therapeutic summer camp for children with chronic disease...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938250/listening-effort-how-the-cognitive-consequences-of-acoustic-challenge-are-reflected-in-brain-and-behavior
#15
Jonathan E Peelle
Everyday conversation frequently includes challenges to the clarity of the acoustic speech signal, including hearing impairment, background noise, and foreign accents. Although an obvious problem is the increased risk of making word identification errors, extracting meaning from a degraded acoustic signal is also cognitively demanding, which contributes to increased listening effort. The concepts of cognitive demand and listening effort are critical in understanding the challenges listeners face in comprehension, which are not fully predicted by audiometric measures...
September 21, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927730/decreased-structural-connectivity-and-resting-state-brain-activity-in-the-lateral-occipital-cortex-is-associated-with-social-communication-deficits-in-boys-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
REVIEW
Minyoung Jung, Yiheng Tu, Courtney Amanda Lang, Ana Ortiz, Joel Park, Kristen Jorgenson, Xue-Jun Kong, Jian Kong
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by atypical social communication and repetitive behaviors. In this study, we applied a multimodal approach to investigate brain structural connectivity, resting state activity, and surface area and their associations with the core symptoms of ASD. Data from forty boys with ASD (mean age, 11.5 years; age range, 5.5-19.5) and forty boys with typical development (TD) (mean age, 12.3; age range, 5.8-19.7) were extracted from the Autism Brain Imaging Data Exchange II (ABIDE II) for data analysis...
September 16, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927578/the-critical-care-pain-observation-tool-is-reliable-in-non-agitated-but-not-in-agitated-intubated-patients
#17
Hoda Chookalayia, Mehdi Heidarzadeh, Mohammad Hassanpour-Darghah, Masoomeh Aghamohammadi-Kalkhoran, Mansoreh Karimollahi
OBJECTIVE: The Critical-Care Pain. OBSERVATION: Tool is one of the instruments developed to assess pain in patients who are unable to communicate verbally. The study aimed to survey the psychometric properties of Critical-Care Pain. OBSERVATION: Tool in four groups of non-verbal patients according to their Richmond Agitation Sedation Score (RASS). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY: 65 critically ill patients (medical, surgical, trauma) were assessed using the critical care pain observation tool on six occasions (before, during and after nociceptive and non-nociceptive procedures)...
September 15, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919116/global-regional-and-national-age-sex-specific-mortality-for-264-causes-of-death-1980-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#18
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Monitoring levels and trends in premature mortality is crucial to understanding how societies can address prominent sources of early death. The Global Burden of Disease 2016 Study (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of cause-specific mortality for 264 causes in 195 locations from 1980 to 2016. This assessment includes evaluation of the expected epidemiological transition with changes in development and where local patterns deviate from these trends. METHODS: We estimated cause-specific deaths and years of life lost (YLLs) by age, sex, geography, and year...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918118/case-report-aquatic-therapy-and-end-stage-dementia
#19
Bruce E Becker, Stacy Lynch
A 54-year-old woman, retired due to progressive cognitive decline, was diagnosed with early-onset Alzheimer dementia. Conventional medication therapy for dementia had proven futile. Initial evaluation revealed a nonverbal female seated in a wheelchair, dependent on 2-person assist for all transfers and activities of daily living. She had been either nonresponsive or actively resistive for both activities of daily living and transfers in the 6 months before assessment. After a total of 17 1-hour therapy sessions over 19 weeks in a warm water therapy pool, she achieved the ability to tread water for 15 minutes, transfers improved to moderate-to-maximum assist from seated, and ambulation improved to 1000 feet with minimum-to-moderate assist of 2 persons...
September 14, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915382/oxytocin-modulates-human-communication-by-enhancing-cognitive-exploration
#20
Miriam de Boer, Idil Kokal, Mark Blokpoel, Rui Liu, Arjen Stolk, Karin Roelofs, Iris van Rooij, Ivan Toni
Oxytocin is a neuropeptide known to influence how humans share material resources. Here we explore whether oxytocin influences how we share knowledge. We focus on two distinguishing features of human communication, namely the ability to select communicative signals that disambiguate the many-to-many mappings that exist between a signal's form and meaning, and adjustments of those signals to the presumed cognitive characteristics of the addressee ("audience design"). Fifty-five males participated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled experiment involving the intranasal administration of oxytocin...
December 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
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