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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736503/-do-you-see-what-i-mean-staff-collaboration-in-eating-disorder-units-during-mealtimes
#1
Trine Wiig Hage, Øyvind Rø, Anne Moen
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders are psychiatric illnesses with potentially life-threatening consequences. Inpatient treatment is typically required for the most severely ill patients, who are often emaciated or significantly malnourished. A core therapeutic objective is to normalize eating patterns and facilitate weight gain. These goals guide the efforts of milieu therapeutic staff working with this patient group, who support renourishment through the positive manipulation of a structured environment, as well via relational aspects...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725166/tuberculosis-and-hiv-are-the-leading-causes-of-adult-death-in-northwest-ethiopia-evidence-from-verbal-autopsy-data-of-dabat-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-2007-2013
#2
Yigzaw Kebede, Gashaw Andargie, Abebaw Gebeyehu, Tadesse Awoke, Mezgebu Yitayal, Solomon Mekonnen, Mamo Wubshet, Temesgen Azmeraw, Yihunie Lakew, Kassahun Alemu
BACKGROUND: Reliable data on causes of death form the basis for building evidence on health policy, planning, monitoring, and evaluation. In Ethiopia, the majority of deaths occur at home and civil registration systems are not yet functional. The main objective of verbal autopsy (VA) is to describe the causes of death at the community or population level where civil registration and death certification systems are weak and where most people die at home without having had contact with the health system...
2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720087/resident-perceptions-of-the-impact-of-duty-hour-restrictions-on-resident-attending-interactions-an-exploratory-study
#3
Kristen A Gerjevic, Marcy E Rosenbaum, Manish Suneja
BACKGROUND: The institution of duty hour reforms by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education in 2003 has created a learning environment where residents are consistently looking for input from attending physicians with regards to balancing duty hour regulations and providing quality patient care. There is a paucity of literature regarding resident perceptions of attending physician actions or attitudes towards work hour restrictions. The purpose of this study was to identify attending physician behaviors that residents perceived as supportive or unsupportive of their compliance with duty hour regulations...
July 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716042/tuberculosis-and-hiv-are-the-leading-causes-of-adult-death-in-northwest-ethiopia-evidence-from-verbal-autopsy-data-of-dabat-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-2007-2013
#4
Yigzaw Kebede, Gashaw Andargie, Abebaw Gebeyehu, Tadesse Awoke, Mezgebu Yitayal, Solomon Mekonnen, Mamo Wubshet, Temesgen Azmeraw, Yihunie Lakew, Kassahun Alemu
BACKGROUND: Reliable data on causes of death form the basis for building evidence on health policy, planning, monitoring, and evaluation. In Ethiopia, the majority of deaths occur at home and civil registration systems are not yet functional. The main objective of verbal autopsy (VA) is to describe the causes of death at the community or population level where civil registration and death certification systems are weak and where most people die at home without having had contact with the health system...
July 17, 2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714100/why-is-it-so-hard-to-reach-agreement-on-terminology-the-case-of-developmental-language-disorder-dld
#5
Dorothy V M Bishop
A recent project entitled CATALISE used the Delphi method to reach a consensus on terminology for unexplained language problems in children. 'Developmental language disorder' (DLD) was the term agreed by a panel of 57 experts. Here I reflect on points of difficulty that arose when attempting to reach a consensus, using qualitative information from comments made by panel members to illustrate the kinds of argument used. One issue of debate was the use of labels, in particular the term 'disorder', which was seen as having both pros and cons...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698488/dementia-at-the-end-of-life-and-family-partners-a-symbolic-interactionist-perspective-on-communication
#6
Christopher Johnson, Jordan Kelch, Roxanna Johnson
People with dementia are not dying; they are experiencing changes in the brain. This paper utilizes a symbolic interaction theoretical perspective to outline communicative alternatives to polypharmacy. There is a growing interest in sociological interventions to untangle the "disordered discourses" associated with dementia. Such practices challenge common stigmas attached to dementia as an "ongoing funeral" or "death certificate." Changing the expectations, attitudes and communication patterns of family care partners can positively impact them and the person living with dementia at the end of life...
July 9, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691180/examining-the-association-between-language-expository-discourse-and-offending-behaviour-an-investigation-of-direction-strength-and-independence
#7
Thomas Hopkins, Judy Clegg, Joy Stackhouse
BACKGROUND: A high prevalence of Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) is reported in the population of Young Offenders (YO). However, little is known about the extent of the association between language and offending behaviour relative to social disadvantage, education attendance and non-verbal intelligence (IQ), and neither has this association been investigated with particular reference to the expository discourse abilities of YOs on community orders in the UK. AIMS: This study aimed to examine the direction and strength of the association between language and offending behaviour by comparing the receptive and expressive language and expository discourse abilities of male and female YOs and non-offenders in the UK, relative to the confounds of social disadvantage, years of education attended and non-verbal IQ...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689193/anticipation-teamwork-and-cognitive-load-chasing-efficiency-during-robot-assisted-surgery
#8
Kevin Sexton, Amanda Johnson, Amanda Gotsch, Ahmed A Hussein, Lora Cavuoto, Khurshid A Guru
INTRODUCTION: Robot-assisted surgery (RAS) has changed the traditional operating room (OR), occupying more space with equipment and isolating console surgeons away from the patients and their team. We aimed to evaluate how anticipation of surgical steps and familiarity between team members impacted efficiency. METHODS: We analysed recordings (video and audio) of 12 robot-assisted radical prostatectomies. Any requests between surgeon and the team members were documented and classified by personnel, equipment type, mode of communication, level of inconvenience in fulfilling the request and anticipation...
July 8, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683022/contextual-influences-on-pain-communication-in-couples-with-and-without-a-partner-with-chronic-pain
#9
Michelle M Gagnon, Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, Ying C MacNab
This is an experimental study of pain communication in couples. Despite evidence that chronic pain in one partner impacts both members of the dyad, dyadic influences on pain communication have not been sufficiently examined and are typically studied based on retrospective reports. Our goal was to directly study contextual influences (i.e., presence of chronic pain, gender, relationship quality, and pain catastrophizing) on self-reported and non-verbal (i.e., facial expressions) pain responses. Couples with (n = 66) and without (n = 65) an individual with chronic pain (ICP) completed relationship and pain catastrophizing questionnaires...
July 3, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666342/achieving-accountability-through-maternal-death-reviews-in-nigeria-a-process-analysis
#10
Bregje de Kok, M Imamura, L Kanguru, O Owolabi, F Okonofua, J Hussein
Maternal death reviews (MDRs) are part of the drive to increase accountability for maternal deaths and reduce their occurrence by identifying barriers to effective, quality care. However, conducting MDRs well is difficult; staff commitment and establishing a blame free environment are key challenges. By examining the communication strategies used in MDRs this study sought to understand how MDR members implement policy imperatives (e.g. 'no blame, no name') and manage the inevitable sensitivities of discussing a client's death in a multidisciplinary team...
June 28, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662345/comprehension-of-presuppositions-in-school-age-cantonese-speaking-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorders
#11
Candice Chi-Hang Cheung, Stephen Politzer-Ahles, Heeju Hwang, Ronald Lung Yat Chui, Man Tak Leung, Tempo Po Yi Tang
While an enormous amount of research has been done on the deficient conversation skills in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), little is known about their performance on presuppositions, a domain of knowledge that is crucial for successful communication. This study investigated the comprehension of four types of presupposition, namely existential, factive, lexical and structural presuppositions, in school-age Cantonese-speaking children with and without ASD. A group of children with ASD (n = 21), mean age 8...
June 29, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661015/from-intention-to-sti-prevention-an-online-questionnaire-on-barriers-and-facilitators-for-discussing-sexual-risk-behaviour-among-hiv-nurses
#12
Suzanne E S de Munnik, Sigrid C J M Vervoort, Heidi S M Ammerlaan, Gerjo Kok, Chantal den Daas
AIMS: We aimed to elucidate facilitators and barriers that HIV nurses experience in discussing sexual risk behaviour with HIV- positive patients men who have sex with men, using variables from a previous qualitative study and the Theory of Planned Behaviour. BACKGROUND: HIV-positive men who have sex with men are frequently diagnosed with sexually transmitted infections, which can be reduced if HIV nurses discuss sexual risk behaviour. DESIGN: An online questionnaire was disseminated April 2015 among all HIV nurses in the Netherlands...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657644/communication-in-children-and-adolescents-after-acquired-brain-injury-an-exploratory-study
#13
Åsa Fyrberg, Göran Horneman, Jakob Åsberg Johnels, Gunilla Thunberg, Elisabeth Ahlsén
OBJECTIVE: The usability of the Communicative Effectiveness Index (CETI) in adolescents with acquired brain injury was investigated and compared with linguistic, cognitive and brain injury data. DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal, between-group design. SUBJECTS: Thirty participants were divided into 2 subgroups: CETI+ and CETI- groups. METHODS: Parental CETI ratings of daily communication were compared with linguistic data and IQ test results...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639521/technology-enhanced-focus-groups-as-a-component-of-instrument-development
#14
Tania D Strout, Rachel L DiFazio, Judith A Vessey
Background Bullying is a critical public health problem and a screening tool for use in healthcare is needed. Focus groups are a common tool for generating qualitative data when developing an instrument and evidence suggests that technology-enhanced focus groups can be effective in simultaneously engaging participants from diverse settings. Aim To examine the use of technology-enhanced focus groups in generating an item pool to develop a youth-bullying screening tool. Discussion The authors explore methodological and ethical issues related to conducting technology-enhanced focus groups, drawing on their experience in developing a youth-bullying measure...
June 22, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630517/enhancing-student-communication-skills-through-arabic-language-competency-and-simulated-patient-assessments
#15
Sanah Hasan, Hamadeh M Khier Tarazi, Dana Abdel Halim Hilal
Objective. To assess student communication and patient management skill with introduction of Arabic and use of simulated patient assessments to a communication and counseling course. Design. Five, 3-hour tutorials (clinical skill laboratory) were added to the course covering: listening and empathic responding, non-verbal communications, interviewing skills, assertiveness, counseling in special situations: conflict, anger, worry or rushed situations, and professional decision making. Arabic content was introduced to the course to enhance Arabic communications and competence among students...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625939/promoting-the-maintenance-of-satisfactory-communication-strategies-used-by-caregivers-and-medical-staff-with-people-suffering-from-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Marie Vachon, Marie-Christine Veilleux, Joël Macoir
The goal of this literature review was to determine communication strategies that foster interactions between individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and caregivers or medical staff. A search of PubMed and PsycINFO databases was conducted using combinations of the following terms: Alzheimer, family, caregiver, communication, language, treatment, intervention, therapy, communication strategies, functional communication and daily living activities. Studies were chosen based on the original language of the text, year of publication, peer-review status and specificity of the results regarding communication strategies in AD...
June 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614413/perceived-differences-in-social-status-between-speaker-and-listener-affect-the-speaker-s-vocal-characteristics
#17
Juan David Leongómez, Viktoria R Mileva, Anthony C Little, S Craig Roberts
Non-verbal behaviours, including voice characteristics during speech, are an important way to communicate social status. Research suggests that individuals can obtain high social status through dominance (using force and intimidation) or through prestige (by being knowledgeable and skilful). However, little is known regarding differences in the vocal behaviour of men and women in response to dominant and prestigious individuals. Here, we tested within-subject differences in vocal parameters of interviewees during simulated job interviews with dominant, prestigious, and neutral employers (targets), while responding to questions which were classified as introductory, personal, and interpersonal...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613088/the-use-of-validation-in-mental-health-nursing-for-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-and-mental-illness-a-descriptive-study
#18
Trine Lise Bakken, Heidi Sageng, Jane Hellerud, Arvid Kildahl, Tone Kristiansen
Mental health nursing for adults with intellectual disabilities and mental illness is understudied. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of validation in mental health nursing for patients with intellectual disabilities and additional mental illness in a specialised psychiatric inpatient setting. Ten nurses/social educators and four individual therapists described the use of validation; each provided three vignettes with clinical examples. The clinical examples support the view that interventions developed for patients in the general population are feasible also for patients with intellectual disabilities...
June 14, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606193/referential-interactions-of-turkish-learning-children-with-their-caregivers-about-non-absent-objects-integration-of-non-verbal-devices-and-prior-discourse
#19
Beyza Ş Ateş, Aylin C Küntay
This paper examines the way children younger than two use non-verbal devices (i.e., deictic gestures and communicative functional acts) and pay attention to discourse status (i.e., prior mention vs. newness) of referents in interactions with caregivers. Data based on semi-naturalistic interactions with caregivers of four children, at ages 1;00, 1;05, and 1;09, are analyzed. We report that children employ different types of non-verbal devices to supplement their inadequate referential forms before gaining mastery in language...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592571/evaluating-the-short-term-and-long-term-effects-of-an-internet-based-aural-rehabilitation-programme-for-hearing-aid-users-in-general-clinical-practice-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Milijana Malmberg, Thomas Lunner, Kim Kähäri, Gerhard Andersson
OBJECTIVE: Guided internet-based intervention beyond hearing aid (HA) fitting has been shown to be efficacious in randomised controlled trials (RCTs). However, internet interventions have rarely been applied clinically as a part of regular aural rehabilitation (AR). Our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of internet-based AR for HA users from a clinical population. OUTCOME MEASURES: The Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE) was used as the primary outcome measure, and the Communication Strategies Scale (CSS) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were used as secondary outcome measures...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
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