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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077845/when-words-were-wanted-but-woefully-wanting-we-waged-war-with-chess
#1
Burton Norman Seitler
What do you say to a child who rarely speaks? How do you work with such a youngster? What are the sine qua nons or guiding principles upon which analysts can draw? And, how do we know if we are being helpful? Sam was 9-years when I began treating him. He was extremely withdrawn and rarely spoke more than a few words. Instead, he mainly played chess. I did not know at first whether Sam's taciturn demeanor was due to shyness, limited verbal abilities, or the stultifying effects of trauma. Fortuitously, during one of many seemingly "innocent" games of chess, Sam happened to make a bold move, to which I admiringly remarked, "What a move, you're killing me...
December 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077769/dog-directed-speech-why-do-we-use-it-and-do-dogs-pay-attention-to-it
#2
Tobey Ben-Aderet, Mario Gallego-Abenza, David Reby, Nicolas Mathevon
Pet-directed speech is strikingly similar to infant-directed speech, a peculiar speaking pattern with higher pitch and slower tempo known to engage infants' attention and promote language learning. Here, we report the first investigation of potential factors modulating the use of dog-directed speech, as well as its immediate impact on dogs' behaviour. We recorded adult participants speaking in front of pictures of puppies, adult and old dogs, and analysed the quality of their speech. We then performed playback experiments to assess dogs' reaction to dog-directed speech compared with normal speech...
January 11, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060053/safety-net-hospitals-face-more-barriers-yet-use-fewer-strategies-to-reduce-readmissions
#3
Jose F Figueroa, Karen E Joynt, Xiner Zhou, Endel J Orav, Ashish K Jha
OBJECTIVE: US hospitals that care for vulnerable populations, "safety-net hospitals" (SNHs), are more likely to incur penalties under the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program, which penalizes hospitals with higher-than-expected readmissions. Understanding whether SNHs face unique barriers to reducing readmissions or whether they underuse readmission-prevention strategies is important. DESIGN: We surveyed leadership at 1600 US acute care hospitals, of whom 980 participated, between June 2013 and January 2014...
January 3, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042538/rora-and-autism-in-the-isfahan-population-is-there-an-epigenetic-relationship
#4
Mansoor Salehi, Elahe Kamali, Mojgan Karahmadi, Seyyed Mohammad Mousavi
OBJECTIVE: Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by difficulty in verbal and non-verbal communication, impaired social interaction, and restricted and repetitive behavior. It has been recently introduced as a multigenic disorder with significant epigenetic effects on its pathology. Recently, epigenetic silencing of retinoic acid receptor- related orphan receptor alpha (RORα) gene (which has an essential role in neural tissue development) was shown to have occurred in autistic children due to methylation of its promoter region...
2017: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013441/pragmatic-competency-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-comparative-assessment-with-normal-controls
#5
Shima Ghahari, Hamidreza Hassani, Maryam Purmofrad
Unlike such cognitive impairments as autism and schizophrenia, the speech pattern in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has largely remained underrepresented. We examined the pragmatic competence of OCD-affected individuals under two variant modes: pragmatic recognition and pragmatic production. In the recognition phase, the informants completed a discourse completion test around two speech acts of request and apology (20 high power distance situations). The production phase was carried out through an interview during which the informants' communication behaviors were rated on the basis of the Orion's pragmatic language skills checklist (OPLS) subscales...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012682/disclosing-genetic-risk-of-alzheimer-s-disease-to-cognitively-impaired-patients-and-visit-companions-findings-from-the-reveal-study
#6
Yue Guan, Debra L Roter, Lori H Erby, Jennifer L Wolff, Laura N Gitlin, J Scott Roberts, Robert C Green, Kurt D Christensen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the impact of genetic information on Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk communication to patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and their visit companions. METHODS: Participants of the fourth REVEAL Study trial were randomized to receive AD risk assessments with or without genotype results. We coded 79 audio recorded risk disclosure sessions with the Roter Interaction Analysis System. Multilevel analyses explored differences in communication when disclosed risks were based on age and MCI diagnosis alone or in addition to APOE genotype status...
December 14, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008075/deciphering-human-motion-to-discriminate-social-interactions-a-developmental-neuroimaging-study
#7
Laurie-Anne Sapey-Triomphe, Laurie Centelles, Muriel Roth, Pierre Fonlupt, Marie-Anne Hénaff, Christina Schmitz, Christine Assaiante
Non-verbal communication plays a major role in social interaction understanding. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we explored the development of the neural networks involved in social interaction recognition based on human motion in children (8-11), adolescents (13-17), and adults (20-41). Participants watched point-light videos depicting two actors interacting or moving independently and were asked whether these agents were interacting or not. All groups successfully performed the discrimination task, but children had a lower performance and longer response times than the older groups...
December 21, 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003957/making-music-for-mental-health-how-group-drumming-mediates-recovery
#8
Rosie Perkins, Sara Ascenso, Louise Atkins, Daisy Fancourt, Aaron Williamon
BACKGROUND: While music-making interventions are increasingly recognised as enhancing mental health, little is known of why music may engender such benefit. The objective of this article is to elucidate the features of a programme of group drumming known to enable mental health recovery. METHODS: Qualitative research was conducted with 39 mental health patients and carers who had demonstrated recovery following engagement with a programme of group djembe drumming in the UK...
2016: Psychology of Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992480/vocal-imitations-of-non-vocal-sounds
#9
Guillaume Lemaitre, Olivier Houix, Frédéric Voisin, Nicolas Misdariis, Patrick Susini
Imitative behaviors are widespread in humans, in particular whenever two persons communicate and interact. Several tokens of spoken languages (onomatopoeias, ideophones, and phonesthemes) also display different degrees of iconicity between the sound of a word and what it refers to. Thus, it probably comes at no surprise that human speakers use a lot of imitative vocalizations and gestures when they communicate about sounds, as sounds are notably difficult to describe. What is more surprising is that vocal imitations of non-vocal everyday sounds (e...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990716/quantitative-measurement-of-communication-ability-in-children-with-angelman-syndrome
#10
Joseph C Grieco, Ruth H Bahr, Mike R Schoenberg, Laura Conover, Lauren N Mackie, Edwin J Weeber
BACKGROUND: Angelman syndrome is a rare disorder in which most individuals do not develop speech. Testing of communication ability using traditional neuropsychological measures reveals a performance level at or near the floor of the instrument resulting in an inability to detect change when experimental therapeutics are applied. METHODS: Nine individuals, with molecularly confirmed AS, ranging in age from 34 to 126 months, and a single healthy control child (age 16 months) were audio and video-recorded while interacting with a licensed speech-language pathologist in an attempt to elicit vocalization and non-verbal communication...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968840/nurse-patient-communication-and-its-impact-on-nurses-learning-and-patient-satisfaction-in-oncology-wards-protocol-for-a-focused-ethnographic-and-conversational-analysis-study
#11
Engle A Chan, Fiona Y Wong, Shirley S Ching, Winsome Y Lam
BACKGROUND: Skilled and sensitive communication with patients who have cancer is essential to nursing practice. Often, Chinese patients with cancer do not explicitly express their concerns and needs. Nurses thus might not be able to respond to or miss cues and concerns expressed by patients. We aimed to investigate this gap, and appraise patterns of nurse-patient communication through cue-responding behaviours, and to explore with nurses ways of enhancing their practice. METHODS: We aim to assess a sample of oncology nurses working at a government hospital in Hong Kong and their patients...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951433/interventions-to-improve-communication-between-people-with-dementia-and-nursing-staff-during-daily-nursing-care-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Mariska Machiels, Silke F Metzelthin, Jan P H Hamers, Sandra M G Zwakhalen
BACKGROUND: To provide adequate nursing care it is important for nursing staff to communicate effectively with people with dementia. Due to their limited communication skills, people with dementia have difficulties in understanding communication and expressing themselves verbally. Nursing staff members often report communication difficulties with people with dementia, which emphasises the urgent need for interventions to improve their communication with people in this specific target group...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917794/facial-emotion-recognition-ability-psychiatry-nurses-versus-nurses-from-other-departments
#13
Gozde Gultekin, Zeliha Kincir, Merve Kurt, Yasir Catal, Asli Acil, Aybike Aydin, Mualla Özcan, Busra N Delikkaya, Selma Kacar, Murat Emul
PURPOSE: Facial emotion recognition is a basic element in non-verbal communication. Although some researchers have shown that recognizing facial expressions may be important in the interaction between doctors and patients, there are no studies concerning facial emotion recognition in nurses. Here, we aimed to investigate facial emotion recognition ability in nurses and compare the abilities between nurses from psychiatry and other departments. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, sixty seven nurses were divided into two groups according to their departments: psychiatry (n=31); and, other departments (n=36)...
1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911489/palliative-care-interventions-in-advanced-dementia
#14
REVIEW
Edel Murphy, Katherine Froggatt, Sheelah Connolly, Eamon O'Shea, Elizabeth L Sampson, Dympna Casey, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a chronic, progressive and ultimately fatal neurodegenerative disease. Advanced dementia is characterised by profound cognitive impairment, inability to communicate verbally and complete functional dependence. Usual care of people with advanced dementia is not underpinned universally by a palliative approach. Palliative care has focused traditionally on care of people with cancer but for more than a decade, there have been increased calls worldwide to extend palliative care services to include all people with life-limiting illnesses in need of specialist care, including people with dementia...
2, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907039/prosody-predicts-contest-outcome-in-non-verbal-dialogs
#15
Amélie N Dreiss, Philippe G Chatelain, Alexandre Roulin, Heinz Richner
Non-verbal communication has important implications for inter-individual relationships and negotiation success. However, to what extent humans can spontaneously use rhythm and prosody as a sole communication tool is largely unknown. We analysed human ability to resolve a conflict without verbal dialogs, independently of semantics. We invited pairs of subjects to communicate non-verbally using whistle sounds. Along with the production of more whistles, participants unwittingly used a subtle prosodic feature to compete over a resource (ice-cream scoops)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887666/contributions-of-national-and-global-health-estimates-to-monitoring-health-related-sustainable-development-goals
#16
Kanitta Bundhamcharoen, Supon Limwattananon, Khanitta Kusreesakul, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
The millennium development goals triggered an increased demand for data on child and maternal mortalities for monitoring progress. With the advent of the sustainable development goals and growing evidence of an epidemiological transition toward non-communicable diseases, policymakers need data on mortality and disease trends and distribution to inform effective policies and support monitoring progress. Where there are limited capacities to produce national health estimates (NHEs), global health estimates (GHEs) can fill gaps for global monitoring and comparisons...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886130/emotion-bracelet-a-web-service-for-expressing-emotions-through-an-electronic-interface
#17
Alicia Martinez, Hugo Estrada, Alejandra Molina, Manuel Mejia, Joaquin Perez
The mechanisms to communicate emotions have dramatically changed in the last 10 years with social networks, where users massively communicate their emotional states by using the Internet. However, people with socialization problems have difficulty expressing their emotions verbally or interpreting the environment and providing an appropriate emotional response. In this paper, a novel solution called the Emotion-Bracelet is presented that combines a hardware device and a software system. The proposed approach identifies the polarity and emotional intensity of texts published on a social network site by performing real-time processing using a web service...
November 24, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884462/dual-neural-network-model-for-the-evolution-of-speech-and-language
#18
REVIEW
Steffen R Hage, Andreas Nieder
Explaining the evolution of speech and language poses one of the biggest challenges in biology. We propose a dual network model that posits a volitional articulatory motor network (VAMN) originating in the prefrontal cortex (PFC; including Broca's area) that cognitively controls vocal output of a phylogenetically conserved primary vocal motor network (PVMN) situated in subcortical structures. By comparing the connections between these two systems in human and nonhuman primate brains, we identify crucial biological preadaptations in monkeys for the emergence of a language system in humans...
December 2016: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870989/maternal-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-predict-delay-in-non-verbal-communication-in-14-month-old-infants
#19
Emiko Kawai, Shu Takagai, Nori Takei, Hiroaki Itoh, Naohiro Kanayama, Kenji J Tsuchiya
We investigated the potential relationship between maternal depressive symptoms during the postpartum period and non-verbal communication skills of infants at 14 months of age in a birth cohort study of 951 infants and assessed what factors may influence this association. Maternal depressive symptoms were measured using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, and non-verbal communication skills were measured using the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories, which include Early Gestures and Later Gestures domains...
November 18, 2016: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869518/gender-differences-in-identifying-emotions-from-auditory-and-visual-stimuli
#20
Teija Waaramaa
The present study focused on gender differences in emotion identification from auditory and visual stimuli produced by two male and two female actors. Differences in emotion identification from nonsense samples, language samples and prolonged vowels were investigated. It was also studied whether auditory stimuli can convey the emotional content of speech without visual stimuli, and whether visual stimuli can convey the emotional content of speech without auditory stimuli. The aim was to get a better knowledge of vocal attributes and a more holistic understanding of the nonverbal communication of emotion...
November 21, 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
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