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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350643/calcaneal-fractures-radiological-and-ct-evaluation-and-classification-systems
#1
Michele Galluzzo, Federico Greco, Michele Pietragalla, Alioscia De Renzis, Mattia Carbone, Marcello Zappia, Nicola Maggialetti, Alfredo D'andrea, Giuseppe Caracchini, Vittorio Miele
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: The calcaneus, the more lower bone of the body, has the task of supporting the axial load from the weight of the body. Calcaneal fractures represent about 1-2% of all fractures and 60% of the tarsal bones fractures. The articular involvement has been associated with a poor functional outcome. The aim of this work is to describe the radiologic evaluation, the classification systems, the morphological preoperative diagnostic imaging features of calcaneal fractures, highlighting the correlation with the choice of treatment and predictive capacity for the fracture surgical outcome...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349860/effects-of-maternal-anthropometrics-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-south-asian-women-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
E Slack, J Rankin, D Jones, N Heslehurst
AIM: This systematic review investigates associations between maternal pre-pregnancy/early-pregnancy anthropometrics (e.g. weight and body fat), anthropometric change and pregnancy outcomes in South Asian and White women. METHODS: Twelve electronic literature databases, reference lists and citations of all included studies were searched. Observational studies published in the English language were included. Descriptive synthesis was used to summarize the evidence base...
January 19, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346480/changing-collective-social-norms-in-favour-of-reduced-harmful-use-of-alcohol-a-review-of-reviews
#3
Peter Anderson, Eva Jané-Llopis, Omer Syed Muhammad Hasan, Jürgen Rehm
Background: Public sector bodies have called for policies and programmes to shift collective social norms in disfavour of the harmful use of alcohol. This article aims to identify and summarize the evidence and propose how policies and programmes to shift social norms could be implemented and evaluated. Design: Review of reviews for all years to July 2017. Data sources: Searches on OVID Medline, Healthstar, Embase, PsycINFO, AMED, Social Work Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Mental Measurements Yearbook, Joanna Briggs Institute EBP, Health and Psychosocial Instruments, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, International Political Science Abstracts, NASW Clinical Register and Epub Ahead of Print databases...
January 16, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346038/smartphone-applications-for-amblyopia-treatment-a-review-of-current-apps-and-professional-involvement
#4
Nabin Paudel
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to review games for amblyopia (lazy eye) that are commercially available in mobile applications (apps) stores and assess the involvement of eye care professionals in their development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Google play store and the Apple iTunes store were searched in July 2017 and updated in September 2017 for amblyopia games using the terms amblyopia, lazy eye, amblyopia therapy, lazy eye therapy, lazy eye exercises, amblyopia exercises, lazy eye games, and amblyopia games...
January 18, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345224/therapy-interventions-for-children-with-neurodisabilities-a-qualitative-scoping-study
#5
Bryony Beresford, Susan Clarke, Jane Maddison
BACKGROUND: Therapy interventions emerged four times in the top 10 research priorities in a James Lind Alliance research prioritisation exercise for children with neurodisabilities (Morris C, Simkiss D, Busk M, Morris M, Allard A, Denness J, et al. Setting research priorities to improve the health of children and young people with neurodisability: a British Academy of Childhood Disability-James Lind Alliance Research Priority Setting Partnership. BMJ Open 2015;5:e006233). The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) commissioned this study as part of an information-gathering exercise in response to this...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344902/occupational-exposure-to-electromagnetic-fields-in-magnetic-resonance-environment-basic-aspects-and-review-of-exposure-assessment-approaches
#6
Valentina Hartwig, Stefania Romeo, Olga Zeni
The purpose of this review is to make a contribution to build a comprehensive knowledge of the main aspects related to the occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMFs) in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) environments. Information has been obtained from original research papers published in international peer-reviewed journals in the English language and from documents published by governmental bodies and authorities. An overview of the occupational exposure scenarios to static magnetic fields, motion-induced, time-varying magnetic fields, and gradient and radiofrequency fields is provided, together with a summary of the relevant regulation for limiting exposure...
January 18, 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340495/validation-of-the-stop-bang-questionnaire-as-a-means-of-screening-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-adults-in-brazil
#7
Ricardo Luiz de Menezes Duarte, Lorena Barbosa de Moraes Fonseca, Flavio José Magalhães-da-Silveira, Erika Aparecida da Silveira, Marcelo Fouad Rabahi
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Portuguese-language version of the STOP-Bang (acronym for Snoring, Tiredness, Observed apnea, high blood Pressure, Body mass index, Age, Neck circumference, and Gender) questionnaire, culturally adapted for use in Brazil, as a means of screening for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults. METHODS: In this validation study, we enrolled patients ≥ 18 years of age, recruited between May of 2015 and November of 2016. All patients completed the STOP-Bang questionnaire and underwent overnight polysomnography...
November 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339194/vaginal-construction-and-treatment-providers-experiences-a-qualitative-analysis
#8
Katrina Roen, Sarah M Creighton, Peter Hegarty, Lih-Mei Liao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate specialist clinicians' experiences of treating vaginal agenesis. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews. SETTING: 12 hospitals in Sweden and the UK. SAMPLE: 32 health professionals connected to multidisciplinary teams including medical specialists and psychologists. METHODS: Theoretical thematic analysis of recorded verbatim data. RESULTS: The gynecologist and psychologist interviewees share certain observations including the importance of psychological readiness for and appropriate timing of treatment...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326186/factors-associated-with-neonatal-pneumonia-in-india-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-planned-meta-analysis
#9
Sreekumaran Nair, Leslie Edward Lewis, Myron Anthony Godinho, Shruti Murthy, Theophilus Lakiang, Bhumika T Venkatesh
INTRODUCTION: India accounts for more neonatal deaths than any other country. There is a lack of consolidated evidence from India regarding the determining factors of pneumonia in neonates. This systematic review is aimed to consolidate and appraise the evidence on risk factors and determinants of pneumonia among neonates in India. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This protocol is part of a project consisting of three reviews (two systematic reviews and one scoping review) and a qualitative study on neonatal pneumonia in India...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324431/a-descriptive-qualitative-study-to-assess-patient-experiences-following-stoma-reversal-after-rectal-cancer-surgery
#10
Maria Reinwalds, Andrea Blixter, Eva Carlsson
Standard surgical treatment for patients operated for rectal cancer is abdominoperineal excision of the tumor result- ing in a permanent colostomy or an anterior resection, often with construction of a temporary loop ileostomy. Both options impact bowel function. Living with a permanent colostomy has been studied in depth, but knowledge is limited about patients' experiences living with a resected rectum after stoma reversal and how it affects daily life. A qualitative study was conducted to describe the rst 4 to 6 weeks after reversal of a temporary loop ileostomy due to rectal cancer...
December 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320155/transparent-and-waterproof-ionic-liquids-based-fibers-for-highly-durable-multifunctional-sensors-and-strain-insensitive-stretchable-conductors
#11
Song Chen, Haizhou Liu, Shuqi Liu, Pingping Wang, Songshan Zeng, Luyi Sun, Lan Liu
Ionic liquids (ILs) are regarded as ideal components in the next generation of strain sensors because their ultralow modulus can commendably circumvent or manage the mechanical mismatch in traditional strain sensors. In addition to strain sensors, stretchable conductors with strain-insensitive conductance are also indispensable in artificial systems for connecting and transporting electrons, similar to the function of blood vessels in the human body. In this work, two types of ILs-based conductive fibers were fabricated by developing hollow fibers with specific micro-scale channels which were then filled with ILs...
January 10, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318498/collection-and-preservation-of-urinary-proteins-using-a-fluff-pulp-diaper
#12
Weiwei Qin, Zhenhuan Du, Youhe Gao
Change is the most fundamental property of a biomarker. In contrast to the blood, which is under homeostatic controls, urine reflects changes in the body earlier and is more sensitive, thus making it a better biomarker source. Moreover, drawing blood from infants and toddlers is difficult and not tolerated well. For patients limited by language, communicating their chief complaint is difficult. Thus, monitoring biomarkers in urine can provide valuable clues for the diagnosis of diseases, especially pediatric diseases...
January 4, 2018: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305339/digital-clinical-communication-for-families-and-caregivers-of-children-or-young-people-with-short-or-long-term-conditions-rapid-review
#13
REVIEW
Xavier Armoiry, Jackie Sturt, Emma Elizabeth Phelps, Clare-Louise Walker, Rachel Court, Frances Taggart, Paul Sutcliffe, Frances Griffiths, Helen Atherton
BACKGROUND: The communication relationship between parents of children or young people with health conditions and health professionals is an important part of treatment, but it is unclear how far the use of digital clinical communication tools may affect this relationship. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to describe, assess the feasibility of, and explore the impact of digital clinical communication between families or caregivers and health professionals...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304432/the-largest-lyapunov-exponent-of-gait-in-young-and-elderly-individuals-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Sina Mehdizadeh
The largest Lyapunov exponent (LyE) is an accepted method to quantify gait stability in young and old adults. However, a range of LyE values has been reported in the literature for healthy young and elderly adults in normal walking. Therefore, it has been impractical to use the LyE as a clinical measure of gait stability. The aims of this systematic review were to summarize different methodological approaches of quantifying LyE, as well as to classify LyE values of different body segments and joints in young and elderly individuals during normal walking...
December 16, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302174/neglected-population-neglected-right-children-living-with-hiv-and-the-right-to-science
#15
Michael L Scanlon, Gillian MacNaughton, Courtenay Sprague
The laws, language, and tools of human rights have been instrumental in expanding access to lifesaving treatment for people living with HIV. Children, however, remain a neglected population, as evidenced by inadequate child-specific and child-friendly HIV treatment options. In this article, we explore the right to science, a potentially powerful but underdeveloped right in international law, and its application to research and development for pediatric HIV treatment. Drawing on reports of human rights bodies and scholars and applying the human rights typology of state obligations to respect, protect, and fulfill, we argue that states have five core obligations related to research and development for child-specific and child-friendly treatment: (1) adopting a public goods approach to science and science policy; (2) including and protecting children in research activities; (3) adopting legal and policy frameworks to support research and development through public funding and private sector incentives; (4) promoting international cooperation and assistance; and (5) ensuring the participation of marginalized communities in decision-making processes...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297594/the-impact-of-undergraduate-occupational-therapy-students-interpersonal-skills-on-their-practice-education-performance-a-pilot-study
#16
Mong-Lin Yu, Ted Brown, Carolynne White, Celia Marston, Laura Thyer
BACKGROUND/AIM: Interpersonal skills such as active listening, verbal communication and body language are essential competencies for occupational therapists, and students are expected to demonstrate these skills when completing practice placements. To investigate whether interpersonal skills are predictive of occupational therapy students' practice performance. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving third and fourth year occupational therapy undergraduate students (n = 70)...
January 3, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290149/body-mapping-to-explore-reproductive-ethno-physiological-beliefs-and-knowledge-of-contraception-in-timor-leste
#17
Heather Julie Wallace, Susan McDonald, Suzanne Belton, Agueda Isolina Miranda, Eurico da Costa, Livio da Conceicao Matos, Helen Henderson, Angela Taft
Maternal mortality remains a significant public health challenge for Timor-Leste. Although access to quality family planning measures may greatly reduce such deaths, consideration of indigenous perceptions, and how they influence reproductive health decision-making and behavior, is crucial if health services are to provide initiatives that are accepted and helpful in improving reproductive health outcomes. We aimed to demonstrate that body mapping is an effective method to traverse language and culture to gain emic insights and indigenous worldviews...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288191/exercise-and-adiposity-in-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis-of-randomised-trials
#18
George A Kelley, Kristi S Kelley, Russell R Pate
INTRODUCTION: Overweight and obesity is a worldwide public health problem among children and adolescents. However, the magnitude of effect, as well as hierarchy of exercise interventions (aerobic, strength training or both), on selected measures of adiposity is not well established despite numerous trials on this issue. The primary purposes of this study are to use the network meta-analytical approach to determine the effects and hierarchy of exercise interventions on selected measures of adiposity in overweight and obese children and adolescents...
December 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285846/development-of-a-modified-swallowing-screening-tool-to-manage-post-extubation-dysphagia
#19
Martin Christensen, Michaela Trapl
Post-extubation dysphagia is a condition that is becoming a growing concern. The condition occurs in 3-62% of extubated patients and can be related to mixed aetiologies, such as neuromuscular impairment, critical illness and laryngeal damage. The risk factors for developing dysphagia in critically ill patients are under-diagnosed and perhaps underestimated. Recent studies recommend the implementation of a standardized swallowing screen to prevent aspiration and decrease pneumonia rate and mortality. The aim of this quality improvement initiative was the development of a bedside swallowing screening tool to assess effective swallowing post-endotracheal extubation...
December 28, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284075/atraumatic-restorative-treatment-versus-conventional-restorative-treatment-for-managing-dental-caries
#20
REVIEW
Mojtaba Dorri, Maria José Martinez-Zapata, Tanya Walsh, Valeria Cc Marinho, Aubrey Sheiham Deceased, Carlos Zaror
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is a sugar-dependent disease that damages tooth structure and, due to loss of mineral components, may eventually lead to cavitation. Dental caries is the most prevalent disease worldwide and is considered the most important burden of oral health. Conventional treatment methods (drill and fill) involve the use of rotary burs under local anaesthesia. The need for an electricity supply, expensive handpieces and highly trained dental health personnel may limit access to dental treatment, especially in underdeveloped regions...
December 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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