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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642218/the-effectiveness-of-information-technology-supported-shared-care-for-patients-with-chronic-disease-a-systematic-review
#1
Laura Kooij, Wim G Groen, Wim H van Harten
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic disease, many health care professionals are involved during treatment and follow-up. This leads to fragmentation that in turn may lead to suboptimal care. Shared care is a means to improve the integration of care delivered by various providers, specifically primary care physicians (PCPs) and specialty care professionals, for patients with chronic disease. The use of information technology (IT) in this field seems promising. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to systematically review the literature regarding the effectiveness of IT-supported shared care interventions in chronic disease in terms of provider or professional, process, health or clinical and financial outcomes...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639707/dressings-and-topical-agents-for-treating-pressure-ulcers
#2
REVIEW
Maggie J Westby, Jo C Dumville, Marta O Soares, Nikki Stubbs, Gill Norman
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers, also known as bedsores, decubitus ulcers and pressure injuries, are localised areas of injury to the skin or the underlying tissue, or both. Dressings are widely used to treat pressure ulcers and promote healing, and there are many options to choose from including alginate, hydrocolloid and protease-modulating dressings. Topical agents have also been used as alternatives to dressings in order to promote healing.A clear and current overview of all the evidence is required to facilitate decision-making regarding the use of dressings or topical agents for the treatment of pressure ulcers...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639320/diet-physical-activity-and-behavioural-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-overweight-or-obese-adolescents-aged-12-to-17-years
#3
REVIEW
Lena Al-Khudairy, Emma Loveman, Jill L Colquitt, Emma Mead, Rebecca E Johnson, Hannah Fraser, Joan Olajide, Marie Murphy, Rochelle Marian Velho, Claire O'Malley, Liane B Azevedo, Louisa J Ells, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Karen Rees
BACKGROUND: Adolescent overweight and obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with short- and long-term health consequences. Modifying known dietary and behavioural risk factors through behaviour changing interventions (BCI) may help to reduce childhood overweight and obesity. This is an update of a review published in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions for the treatment of overweight or obese adolescents aged 12 to 17 years...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638191/tai-chi-for-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review
#4
Wei Zheng, Qiang Li, Jingxia Lin, Yingqiang Xiang, Tong Guo, Qiong Chen, Dongbin Cai, Yutao Xiang
BACKGROUND: Tai Chi as a form of moderate aerobic exercise originating in China, could promote balance and healing of the mind-body. Furthermore, Tai Chi has been used as an adjunctive treatment for patients with schizophrenia. However, no meta-analysis or systematic review on adjunctive Tai Chi for patients with schizophrenia has yet been reported. AIM: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to examine the efficacy of Tai Chi as an adjunctive treatment for schizophrenia using randomized controlled trial (RCT) data...
August 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637133/efficacy-of-the-whole-body-vibration-for-pain-fatigue-and-quality-of-life-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-a-systematic-review
#5
Eduarda Moretti, Angélica Tenório, Laís Holanda, Adriana Campos, Andrea Lemos
PURPOSE: To determine the quality of evidence on the use of whole-body vibration (WBV) in controlling pain, fatigue and quality of life in women with fibromyalgia. METHODS: The search involved MEDLINE/PubMed, LILACS, CINAHL, CENTRAL and PEDro, without temporal or language restriction. The terms "fibromyalgia" and "whole-body vibration" were used. Trials (randomized or quasi-randomized) that compared a group of women with fibromyalgia who received WBV to a control group with no intervention were included...
February 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636490/creating-inclusive-physical-activity-spaces-the-case-of-body-positive-yoga
#6
Andrew C Pickett, George B Cunningham
PURPOSE: Within the modern cultural climate, those in larger bodies face high levels of weight stigma, particularly in sport and physical activity spaces, which serves as a strong barrier to their participation. However, given the strong link between physical activity and general health and well-being for participants, it is important to explore strategies that encourage participation of these individuals. Thus, the current research examined strategies that physical activity instructors use to develop inclusive exercise spaces for all body sizes...
June 21, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636204/aerobic-exercise-training-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia
#7
REVIEW
Julia Bidonde, Angela J Busch, Candice L Schachter, Tom J Overend, Soo Y Kim, Suelen M Góes, Catherine Boden, Heather Ja Foulds
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is commonly recommended for individuals with fibromyalgia. This review is one of a series of reviews about exercise training for people with fibromyalgia that will replace the "Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome" review first published in 2002. OBJECTIVES: • To evaluate the benefits and harms of aerobic exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia• To assess the following specific comparisons ० Aerobic versus control conditions (eg, treatment as usual, wait list control, physical activity as usual) ० Aerobic versus aerobic interventions (eg, running vs brisk walking) ० Aerobic versus non-exercise interventions (eg, medications, education) We did not assess specific comparisons involving aerobic exercise versus other exercise interventions (eg, resistance exercise, aquatic exercise, flexibility exercise, mixed exercise)...
June 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633887/visual-integration-of-fear-and-anger-emotional-cues-by-children-on-the-autism-spectrum-and-neurotypical-peers-an-eeg-study
#8
Evie Malaia, Debbie Cockerham, Katherine Rublein
Communication deficits in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are often related to inefficient interpretation of emotional cues, which are conveyed visually through both facial expressions and body language (Apicella et al., 2012). The present study examined ASD behavioral and ERP responses to emotional expressions of anger and fear, as conveyed by the face and body. Behavioral results showed significantly faster response times for the ASD than for the typically developing (TD) group when processing fear, but not anger, in isolated face expressions, isolated body expressions, and in the integration of the two...
June 17, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632873/screening-for-obesity-and-intervention-for-weight-management-in-children-and-adolescents-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#9
Elizabeth A O'Connor, Corinne V Evans, Brittany U Burda, Emily S Walsh, Michelle Eder, Paula Lozano
Importance: Obesity is common in children and adolescents in the United States, is associated with negative health effects, and increases the likelihood of obesity in adulthood. Objective: To systematically review the benefits and harms of screening and treatment for obesity and overweight in children and adolescents to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Collaboration Registry of Controlled Trials, and the Education Resources Information Center through January 22, 2016; references of relevant publications; government websites...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631346/historically-informed-nursing-a-transnational-case-study-in-china
#10
Jun Lu, Sonya Grypma, Yingjuan Cao, Lijuan Bu, Lin Shen, Patricia M Davidson
The term 'nurse' (hushi-'caring scholar') did not enter the Chinese language until the early 20th century. Modern nursing-a fundamentally Western notion popularized by Nightingale and introduced to China in 1884-profoundly changed the way care of the sick was practiced. For 65 years, until 1949, nursing developed in China as a transnational project, with Western and Chinese influences shaping the profession of nursing in ways that linger today. Co-authored by Chinese, Canadian, and American nurses, this paper examines the early stages of nursing in one province of China as an exemplar of the transnational nature of nursing development...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630938/sleep-dysfunction-and-its-association-to-chronic-rhinosinusitis-updated-review
#11
Quinn Orb, Richard R Orlandi, Jeremiah A Alt
BACKGROUND: Poor sleep has significant effects on health contributing to increased morbidity and mortality. The direct and indirect costs of sleep dysfunction total well in to the billions of dollars annually in the US. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) affects up to 16% of the US population and has been linked to poor sleep quality with up to three quarters of patients with CRS reporting poor sleep quality. There is a growing body of literature evaluating the relationship between sleep and CRS...
April 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627212/efficacy-of-enteral-nutritional-support-after-hospital-discharge-in-major-gastrointestinal-surgery-patients-a-systematic-review
#12
Alfonso Vidal Casariego, Alicia Calleja Fernández, Rocío Villar Taibo, Ana Urioste Fondo, Begoña Pintor de la Maza, Ana Hernández Moreno, Isidoro Cano Rodríguez, María D Ballesteros Pomar
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional support for malnourished patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery reduces the complication rate and shortens the length of stay. The efficacy of nutritional support after hospital discharge was analyzed in this systematic review. METHODS: The search strategy (nutrition OR "enteral nutrition" OR "nutritional supplements" OR "oral nutritional supplements" OR "sip feed" OR "sip feeding" OR "dietary counseling") AND ("patient discharge" OR discharge OR postdischarge) AND (surgery OR operation OR "surgical procedure") was followed in Medline, CENTRAL, and Trip databases...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614810/assessing-a-tool-for-self-monitoring-hydration-using-urine-color-in-pregnant-and-breastfeeding-women-a-cross-sectional-online-survey
#13
Marion Rigaud, Camila Sevalho Corçao, Erica T Perrier, Sabine Boesen-Mariani
BACKGROUND: Pregnant and breastfeeding women experience great changes in their total body water content and water dynamics. To support the accretion of total body water during pregnancy and compensate for the water lost through breast milk during breastfeeding, increased adequate intakes (AI) for total water have been established by various health authorities. Despite this widespread advice, several studies suggest that pregnant and breastfeeding women do not meet the AI for total water, suggesting the need to raise women's awareness on the importance of adequate water intake, particularly during pregnancy and breastfeeding, as well as to provide them with a simple means of monitoring their hydration on a day-to-day basis...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613395/clozapine-dose-for-schizophrenia
#14
REVIEW
Selvizhi Subramanian, Birgit A Völlm, Nick Huband
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia and related disorders such as schizophreniform and schizoaffective disorder are serious mental illnesses characterised by profound disruptions in thinking and speech, emotional processes, behaviour and sense of self. Clozapine is useful in the treatment of schizophrenia and related disorders, particularly when other antipsychotic medications have failed. It improves positive symptoms (such as delusions and hallucinations) and negative symptoms (such as withdrawal and poverty of speech)...
June 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610848/modulating-phonemic-fluency-performance-in-healthy-subjects-with-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-over-the-left-or-right-lateral-frontal-cortex
#15
Daniela Smirni, Patrizia Turriziani, Giuseppa Renata Mangano, Martina Bracco, Massimiliano Oliveri, Lisa Cipolotti
A growing body of evidence have suggested that non-invasive brain stimulation techniques, such as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), can improve the performance of aphasic patients in language tasks. For example, application of inhibitory rTMS or tDCs over the right frontal lobe of dysphasic patients resulted in improved naming abilities. Several studies have also reported that in healthy controls (HC) tDCS application over the left prefrontal cortex (PFC) improve performance in naming and semantic fluency tasks...
June 10, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599637/recruitment-of-racial-ethnic-minority-older-adults-through-community-sites-for-focus-group-discussions
#16
Mary E Northridge, Michele Shedlin, Eric W Schrimshaw, Ivette Estrada, Leydis De La Cruz, Rogelina Peralta, Stacia Birdsall, Sara S Metcalf, Bibhas Chakraborty, Carol Kunzel
BACKGROUND: Despite a body of evidence on racial/ethnic minority enrollment and retention in research, literature specifically focused on recruiting racially/ethnically diverse older adults for social science studies is limited. There is a need for more rigorous research on methodological issues and the efficacy of recruitment methods. Cultural obstacles to recruitment of racial/ethnic minority older adults include language barriers, lack of cultural sensitivity of target communities on the part of researchers, and culturally inappropriate assessment tools...
June 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598914/perioperative-temperature-measurement-considerations-relevant-to-reporting-requirements-for-national-quality-programs-using-data-from-anesthesia-information-management-systems
#17
Richard H Epstein, Franklin Dexter, Ira S Hofer, Luis I Rodriguez, Eric S Schwenk, Joni M Maga, Bradley J Hindman
BACKGROUND: Perioperative hypothermia may increase the incidences of wound infection, blood loss, transfusion, and cardiac morbidity. U.S. national quality programs for perioperative normothermia specify the presence of at least 1 "body temperature" ≥35.5°C during the interval from 30 minutes before to 15 minutes after the anesthesia end time. Using data from 4 academic hospitals, we evaluated timing and measurement considerations relevant to the current requirements to guide hospitals wishing to report perioperative temperature measures using electronic data sources...
June 8, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598293/stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-de-novo-spinal-metastases-systematic-review
#18
Zain A Husain, Arjun Sahgal, Antonio De Salles, Melissa Funaro, Janis Glover, Motohiro Hayashi, Masahiro Hiraoka, Marc Levivier, Lijun Ma, Roberto Martínez-Alvarez, J Ian Paddick, Jean Régis, Ben J Slotman, Samuel Ryu
OBJECTIVE The aim of this systematic review was to provide an objective summary of the published literature pertaining to the use of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) specific to previously untreated spinal metastases. METHODS The authors performed a systematic review, using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, of the literature found in a search of Medline, PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library up to March 2015. The search strategy was limited to publications in the English language...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587941/family-food-talk-child-eating-behavior-and-maternal-feeding-practices
#19
Elizabeth Roach, Gail B Viechnicki, Lauren B Retzloff, Pamela Davis-Kean, Julie C Lumeng, Alison L Miller
Families discuss food and eating in many ways that may shape child eating habits. Researchers studying how families talk about food have examined this process during meals. Little work has examined parent-child food-related interactions outside of mealtime. We assessed family food talk at home outside of mealtime and tested whether food talk was associated with obesogenic child eating behaviors, maternal feeding practices, or child weight. Preschool and school-aged mother-child dyads (n = 61) participated in naturalistic voice recording using a LENA (Language ENvironment Analysis) recorder...
June 3, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586829/the-changing-view-of-input-in-the-treatment-of-children-with-grammatical-deficits
#20
Laurence B Leonard, Patricia Deevy
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present 3 approaches that emphasize the role that input plays in the treatment of grammatical deficits in children with language impairments. Method: These approaches-input informativeness, competing sources of input, and high variability-were selected because they go beyond issues of token frequency and emphasize instead type frequency, relative frequency, and frequency at an abstract as well as a concrete level of grammar...
June 5, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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