keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

body language

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334954/the-science-and-politics-of-naming-reforming-anatomical-nomenclature-ca-1886-1955
#1
Tatjana Buklijas
Anatomical nomenclature is medicine's official language. Early in their medical studies, students are expected to memorize not only the bodily geography but also the names for all the structures that, by consensus, constitute the anatomical body. The making and uses of visual maps of the body have received considerable historiographical attention, yet the history of production, communication, and reception of anatomical names-a history as long as the history of anatomy itself-has been studied far less. My essay examines the reforms of anatomical naming between the first modern nomenclature, the 1895 Basel Nomina Anatomica (BNA), and the 1955 Nomina Anatomica Parisiensia (NAP, also known as PNA), which is the basis for current anatomical terminology...
February 11, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332066/cultural-variables-underlying-obesity-in-latino-men-design-rationale-and-participant-characteristics-from-the-latino-men-s-health-initiative
#2
Lisa Sanchez-Johnsen, Meredith Craven, Magdalena Nava, Angelica Alonso, Amanda Dykema-Engblade, Alfred Rademaker, Hui Xie
Overweight and obesity are associated with significant health problems and rates of obesity are high among Latino men. This paper describes the design, rationale and participant characteristics of the key demographic variables assessed in an NIH-funded study (R21-CA143636) addressing culture and several obesity-related variables (diet, physical activity, and body image) among Mexican and Puerto Rican men using a community-based participatory research framework. Participants completed objective measures (height, weight, body fat, hip, waist), a health and culture interview, a diet questionnaire, and used an accelerometer to measure their level of physical activity...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330635/the-association-between-muscle-weakness-and-incident-diabetes-in%C3%A2-older-mexican-americans
#3
Ryan McGrath, Brenda M Vincent, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos S Markides, Mark D Peterson
OBJECTIVES: A natural decline of muscle strength occurs during the aging process; however, preserving muscle strength may lower the rate of many preventable diseases such as diabetes, especially in higher risk populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the sex-specific association between muscle weakness and incident diabetes in older Mexican Americans. DESIGN: Observational, longitudinal study. SETTING: Urban and rural households in the Southwestern United States...
March 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328311/effect-of-active-lessons-on-physical-activity-academic-and-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#4
Rosemarie Martin, Elaine M Murtagh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of classroom-based physical activity interventions that integrate academic content and assess the effectiveness of the interventions on physical activity, learning, facilitators of learning, and health outcomes. METHOD: Six electronic databases (ERIC, PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE) and reference lists were searched for English-language articles, published January 1990 through March 2015, reporting classroom-based interventions that deliberately taught academic content using physically active teaching methods for at least 1 week duration, with physical activity, health, learning, or facilitators-of-learning outcomes...
March 22, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323754/-it-s-inside-my-body-and-it-s-mine
#5
Elizabeth T Montgomery, Ariane van der Straten, Miria Chitukuta, Krishnaveni Reddy, Kubashni Woeber, Millicent Atujuna, Linda-Gail Bekker, Juliane Etima, Teopista Nakyanzi, Ashley J Mayo, Ariana Katz, Nicole Laborde, Cynthia I Grossman, Lydia Soto-Torres, Thesla Palanee-Phillips, Jared M Baeten
The MTN-020/ASPIRE trial evaluated the safety and effectiveness of the dapivirine vaginal ring for prevention of HIV-1 infection among African women. A nested qualitative component was conducted at 6 of 15 study sites in Uganda, Malawi, Zimbabwe and South Africa to evaluate acceptability of and adherence to the ring. Qualitative study participants (n = 214) were interviewed with one of 3 modalities: single in-depth interview, up to 3 serial interviews, or an exit Focus Group Discussion. Using semi-structured guides administered in local languages, 280 interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, translated, coded and analyzed...
March 18, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323683/genetic-alzheimer-disease-and-sporadic-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-a-comorbidity-presenting-as-primary-progressive-aphasia
#6
Tereza Picková, Radoslav Matěj, Ondrej Bezdicek, Jiří Keller, Julie van der Zee, Christine Van Broeckhoven, Zsolt Cséfalvay, Robert Rusina
We report a 44-year-old woman, with a family history of early-onset dementia, presenting with primary progressive aphasia. This clinically variable syndrome has multiple underlying pathologies, and correlations between clinical manifestations and postmortem neuropathologic findings are controversial. Our patient suffered worsening language impairment with major word-finding difficulties but preserved comprehension. She also developed episodic memory impairment. Her condition progressed to dementia with behavioral changes...
March 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322669/acculturation-and-physical-activity-among-latinas-enrolled-in-a-12-month-walking-intervention
#7
Rodney P Joseph, Tanya J Benitez, Barbara E Ainsworth, Michael Todd, Colleen Keller
This report evaluates the relationship between acculturation and assimilation with the physical activity (PA) outcomes of a 12-month walking intervention for postpartum Latinas ( n = 81, M age = 29.2 years, M BMI [body mass index] = 30.0). PA was measured by ActiGraph GT1M accelerometers. Acculturation and assimilation were measured by the Hazuda Acculturation and Assimilation Scales. Data were collected at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. Results showed a trend for participants classified in the least acculturated groups to engage in more moderate-to-vigorous PA than participants classified in the higher acculturated/assimilated groups for two dimensions of acculturation (Adult Proficiency in English Versus Spanish, p = ...
February 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321169/inflammatory-bowel-disease-an-evaluation-of-health-information-on-the-internet
#8
Samy A Azer, Thekra I AlOlayan, Malak A AlGhamdi, Malak A AlSanea
AIM: To evaluate the quality and accuracy of websites written to the public on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis) and assess their readability level. METHODS: Google™, Bing™, and Yahoo™ search engines were searched independently by three researchers in December 2014. Only English-language websites were selected on the basis of predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Researchers independently evaluated the quality of each website by using the DISCERN and the HONcode instruments...
March 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320611/the-challenges-in-caring-for-morbidly-obese-patients-in-intensive-care-a-focused-ethnographic-study
#9
Caz Hales, Maureen Coombs, Kay de Vries
BACKGROUND: Critically ill morbidly obese patients pose considerable healthcare delivery and resource utilisation challenges. However little is known about the care of these patients in intensive care. OBJECTIVE: To explore medical and nursing practices and attitudes in intensive care when caring for critically ill morbidly obese patients. METHODS: A focused ethnographic approach was adopted. Participant observation of care practices and interviews with intensive care doctors and nurses were undertaken over a four month period...
March 17, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320348/methods-for-conceptualising-visual-ability-as-a-measurable-construct-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
Belinda Deramore Denver, Margareta Adolfsson, Elspeth Froude, Peter Rosenbaum, Christine Imms
BACKGROUND: Vision influences functioning and disability of children with cerebral palsy, so there is a growing need for psychometrically robust tools to advance assessment of children's vision abilities in clinical practice and research. Vision is a complex construct, and in the absence of clarity about this construct it is challenging to know whether valid, reliable measures exist. This study reports a method for conceptualising 'visual ability' as a measurable construct. METHODS: Using the items from 19 assessment tools previously identified in a systematic review, this study used a two-phase process: first, deductive content analysis linked items to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - Child and Youth version (ICF-CY), and second, vision-specific 'Activity'-level items were explored using inductive thematic analysis...
March 21, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320212/effect-of-the-national-diabetes-prevention-program-on-weight-loss-for-english-and-spanish-speaking-latinos
#11
Natalie D Ritchie, Liesel Christoe-Frazier, Kim K McFann, Edward P Havranek, Rocio I Pereira
PURPOSE: To study the effect of the National Diabetes Prevention Program (NDPP) on weight loss in Latinos. DESIGN: No-control, cohort study comparing Latino and non-Hispanic white (NHW) participants. SETTING: A health-care system. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred sixty-seven Latino and 175 NHW patients who enrolled in the NDPP. A total of 45.2% of Latinos selected the Spanish-language NDPP. INTERVENTION: The NDPP is a nationwide translation of a clinical trial and seeks to prevent diabetes through weight loss in a yearlong group program...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306394/measuring-discourse-coherence-in-anomic-aphasia-using-rhetorical-structure-theory
#12
Anthony Pak-Hin Kong, Anastasia Linnik, Sam-Po Law, Waisa Wai-Man Shum
PURPOSE: The existing body of work regarding discourse coherence in aphasia has provided mixed results, leaving the question of coherence being impaired or intact as a result of brain injury unanswered. In this study, discourse coherence in non-brain-damaged (NBD) speakers and speakers with anomic aphasia was investigated quantitatively and qualitatively. METHOD: Fifteen native speakers of Cantonese with anomic aphasia and 15 NBD participants produced 60 language samples...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302161/cognitive-profile-in-prodromal-dementia-with-lewy-bodies
#13
Jennifer Kemp, Nathalie Philippi, Clélie Phillipps, Catherine Demuynck, Timothée Albasser, Catherine Martin-Hunyadi, Catherine Schmidt-Mutter, Benjamin Cretin, Frédéric Blanc
BACKGROUND: Cortical and subcortical cognitive impairments have been found in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Roughly, they comprise visuoconstructive and executive dysfunction, whereas memory would remain relatively spared. However, the cognitive profile of patients with prodromal DLB remains poorly illustrated to date. METHODS: We included 37 patients with prodromal DLB (age 67.2 ± 8.6 years, 18 men, Mini Mental State Examination [MMSE] score 27.4 ± 2) and 29 healthy control subjects (HCs; age 68...
March 16, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301630/translation-and-validation-of-the-uterine-fibroid-symptom-and-quality-of-life-ufs-qol-questionnaire-for-the-brazilian-portuguese-language
#14
Luiz Gustavo Oliveira Brito, Daniela Alves Malzone-Lott, Mayra Fernanda Sandoval Fagundes, Pedro Sérgio Magnani, Mariana Alves Fernandes Arouca, Omero Benedicto Poli-Neto, Antônio Alberto Nogueira
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Uterine fibroids (UF), also known as leiomyomas, are the most prevalent gynecological tumors. The Uterine Fibroid Symptoms and Quality of Life (UFS-QOL) is the only specific questionnaire that assesses symptom intensity and quality-of-life issues for women with symptomatic UF; however, it only exists in the English language. Thus, we aimed to translate and culturally validate the UFS-QOL questionnaire for the Brazilian Portuguese language. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, FMRP-USP...
March 13, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300953/language-and-functionality-of-post-stroke-adults-evaluation-based-on-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf
#15
Maria Tereza Maynard Santana, Regina Yu Shon Chun
Purpose: Cerebrovascular accident is an important Public Health problem because of the high rates of mortality and sequelae such as language disorders. The conceptual health changes have led to the incorporation of functional and social aspects in the assessments as proposed by the World Health Organization in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. The purpose was to evaluate and classify language aspects, functionality and participation of post-stroke individuals based on the concepts of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health and characterize the sociodemographic profile of participants...
March 9, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299562/gay-and-lesbian-sounding-auditory-cues-elicit-stereotyping-and-discrimination
#16
Fabio Fasoli, Anne Maass, Maria Paola Paladino, Simone Sulpizio
The growing body of literature on the recognition of sexual orientation from voice ("auditory gaydar") is silent on the cognitive and social consequences of having a gay-/lesbian- versus heterosexual-sounding voice. We investigated this issue in four studies (overall N = 276), conducted in Italian language, in which heterosexual listeners were exposed to single-sentence voice samples of gay/lesbian and heterosexual speakers. In all four studies, listeners were found to make gender-typical inferences about traits and preferences of heterosexual speakers, but gender-atypical inferences about those of gay or lesbian speakers...
March 15, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297696/metabolic-adaptations-in-pregnancy-a-review
#17
Zhandong Zeng, Fengli Liu, Shixian Li
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a dynamic state involving multiple adaptations that are necessary in order to ensure a continuous supply of essential metabolites to support the growth and the development of the fetus. OBJECTIVES: This review article is aimed to discuss important adaptations in metabolism that take place during non-complicated pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the electronic database PubMed for pre-clinical as well as clinical controlled trials reporting the importance of metabolic adaptations during a non-complicated pregnancy...
March 16, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294299/the-contribution-of-parent-child-numeracy-activities-to-young-chinese-children-s-mathematical-ability
#18
Qi Huang, Xiao Zhang, Yingyi Liu, Wen Yang, Zhanmei Song
BACKGROUND: A growing body of recent research has shown that parent-child mathematical activities have a strong effect on children's mathematical learning. However, this research was conducted predominantly in Western societies and focused mainly on mothers' involvement in such activities. AIMS: This study aimed to examine both mother-child and father-child numeracy activities in Hong Kong Chinese families and both parents' unique roles in predicting young Chinese children's mathematics ability...
March 12, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292291/traditional-arabic-islamic-medicine-validation-and-empirical-assessment-of-a-conceptual-model-in-qatar
#19
Sara N AlRawi, Amal Khidir, Maha S Elnashar, Huda A Abdelrahim, Amal K Killawi, Maya M Hammoud, Michael D Fetters
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates traditional medicine is no longer only used for the healthcare of the poor, its prevalence is also increasing in countries where allopathic medicine is predominant in the healthcare system. While these healing practices have been utilized for thousands of years in the Arabian Gulf, only recently has a theoretical model been developed illustrating the linkages and components of such practices articulated as Traditional Arabic & Islamic Medicine (TAIM). Despite previous theoretical work presenting development of the TAIM model, empirical support has been lacking...
March 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287675/psychiatric-nurses-views-on-caring-patients-and-canine-companions
#20
Camille King
Psychiatric nurses are expert care providers for individuals with mental health needs. The art of caring spans across multiple species, is important to understand, and is universal whether intentions are toward individuals or animals. Pets are often cared for and viewed as family members. The current research examined psychiatric nurses' views on the similarities and differences of caring for patients and their pet dogs. Twenty-five nurses were interviewed. Similarities of caring for patients and canines included trusting relationships, companionship, daily basic needs, and improved communication through monitored body language...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
keyword
keyword
62134
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"