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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779196/retrospective-analysis-of-an-insulin-to-liraglutide-switch-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Eveline Bruinstroop, Laura Meyer, Catherine B Brouwer, Diana E van Rooijen, P Sytze van Dam
INTRODUCTION: Insulin and the GLP-1 receptor agonist liraglutide are both effective in reaching glycemic targets. The efficacy of an insulin-to-liraglutide switch in an obese population with concurrent use of sulfonylurea and metformin is unknown. We assessed the efficacy and determinants of success of an insulin-to-liraglutide switch in these patients. METHODS: In a retrospective study we analyzed all patients that underwent an insulin-to-liraglutide switch during routine medical care (January 2009-February 2015)...
May 19, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774590/heritage-of-stanislaw-ciechanowski-1869-1945-discoverer-of-pathogenesis-of-prostatic-hyperplasia-passionis-insignia-signis-fulgent-mirificis
#2
Andrzej Wincewicz, Piotr Woltanowski, Stanisław Sulkowski
BACKGROUND: Prostatic enlargement was first correctly recognized as a prostatic hyperplasia by professor of anatomic pathology, Stanisław Ciechanowski (1869-1945) in Cracow on contrary to Parisian urologist Jean Casimir Félix Guyon's concepts of progressing atherosclerosis as a morphological cause of prostatic overgrowth and mechanical insufficiency of lower urinary tract. METHODS: Primary resources were analyzed about Stanisław Ciechanowski mainly from depositories of the Section of Special Collection, Stanisław Konopka Main Medical Library Warsaw and Polish bibliograhy of Estreichers at Jagiellonian University...
May 18, 2018: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772464/factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-body-appreciation-scale-2-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-danish-portuguese-and-swedish
#3
J E Lemoine, H Konradsen, A Lunde Jensen, C Roland-Lévy, P Ny, A Khalaf, S Torres
In recent years, the study of body image shifted from focusing on the negative aspects to a more extensive view of body image. The present study seeks to validate a measure of positive body image, the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2; Tylka & Wood-Barcalow, 2015a) in Denmark, Portugal, and Sweden. Participants (N = 1012) were adolescents and young adults aged from 12 to 19. Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the one-dimensional factor structure of the scale. Multi-group confirmatory factor analyses indicated that the scale was invariant across sex and country...
May 14, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768608/perception-of-body-and-corporeality-in-men-practicing-male-prostitution-in-guadalajara-mexico
#4
Giovane Mendieta-Izquierdo
OBJECTIVE: To interpret the perception of the body and corporeality in a group of men practicing male prostitution in the center of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. METHOD: An interpretive phenomenological study from the perspective of Heidegger; the perception of the body is taken as a category of analysis based on 20 in-depth interviews with 13 males practicing prostitution. RESULTS: The interpretation of the body and corporeality in men who practice male prostitution centers on the following categories: a) the dirty body, stigma, b) body-seeking opportunities, c) the body and corporeality, appealing to customers, d) the initial contact and body language, and e) the value assigned to the body, the rate...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767792/how-face-blurring-affects-body-language-processing-of-static-gestures-in-women-and-men
#5
A M Proverbio, L Ornaghi, V Gabaro
The role of facial coding in body language comprehension was investigated by ERP recordings in 31 participants viewing 800 photographs of gestures (iconic, deictic and emblematic), which could be congruent or incongruent with their caption. Facial information was obscured by blurring in half of the stimuli. The task consisted of evaluating picture/caption congruence. Quicker response times were observed in women than in men to congruent stimuli, and a cost for incongruent vs. congruent stimuli was found only in men...
May 14, 2018: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764296/-medicine-doesn-t-cure-my-worries-understanding-the-drivers-of-mental-distress-in-older-nepalese-women-living-in-the-uk
#6
Lalita Kumari Sah, Rochelle Ann Burgess, Rajeeb Kumar Sah
The mental health of migrant communities is an important public health concern. A growing body of literature suggests that social and cultural determinants of health significantly contribute to the mental health and wellbeing of older migrants in their host countries. Despite the increasing population of older Nepalese migrants in the UK, there is little research exploring the mental health needs of this community. This article explores older Nepalese women's experiences of drivers of mental distress in London...
May 15, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755899/correlations-between-health-insurance-status-and-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-elderly-asian-american-population
#7
Iris Cheng, Wesley E Ho, Benjamin K Woo, John T Tsiang
Background  Asian Americans are often seen as a model minority; however, the group faces significant cultural, language, and financial barriers to adequate health care access. Assessing health insurance's impact on cardiovascular disease risk factors among older Asian Americans may provide support for further research and intervention development focused on improving insurance enrollment. The authors sought to examine the associations between elevated blood pressure and body mass index and insurance coverage...
March 10, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754005/the-effect-of-gestational-period-on-the-association-between-maternal-prenatal-salivary-cortisol-and-birth-weight-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Stephana J Cherak, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Amy Metcalfe, Paul E Ronksley, Mary E Malebranche
BACKGROUND: Studies exploring the relations between maternal stress and fetal development show an association between increased maternal stress and adverse birth outcomes. A frequently proposed mechanism linking maternal prenatal stress and adverse birth outcomes is heightened concentrations of maternal cortisol. To date, studies exploring this association have reported conflicting results because of the diverse approaches taken to measuring cortisol and the wide variety of possible birth outcomes explored...
April 24, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749001/the-apples-of-academic-performance-associations-between-dietary-patterns-and-academic-performance-in-australian-children
#9
Karma Pearce, Rebecca Golley, Lucy Lewis, Leah Cassidy, Timothy Olds, Carol Maher
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was an association between dietary patterns and children's academic performance. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 315 children aged 9-11 years from 26 schools in Australia. Academic performance was measured in 4 domains (reading, writing, numeracy, and language-subdomains: spelling, grammarm and punctuation) using the National Assessment Program in Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN). A self-reported child questionnaire collected dietary intake data...
June 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748158/scoping-review-of-dance-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia-what-do-we-know-about-it
#10
REVIEW
Julia Bidonde, Catherine Boden, Soo Kim, Angela J Busch, Suelen M Goes, Emily Knight
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread muscular tenderness, pain, fatigue, and cognitive difficulties. Nonpharmacological treatment options, such as physical activity, are important for people with fibromyalgia. There are strong recommendations to support engagement in physical activity for symptom management among adults with fibromyalgia. Dance is a mode of physical activity that may allow individuals with fibromyalgia to improve their physical function, health, and well-being...
May 10, 2018: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744960/tepid-massage-for-febrile-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Junghee Lim, Juyoung Kim, Bora Moon, Gaeun Kim
AIM: This study aimed to examine the effect of tepid massage in febrile children comparing with other fever management. METHODS: Experimental studies published in English were included; quasi-experimental research studies were also included in consideration of rare experimental studies in Korean. The search strategy sought to identify published research reports in the English language and covered all major databases up to 2016. The methodological quality of each study was assessed by 2 independent reviewers using a Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network's Methodology Checklist...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742572/development-of-human-face-literature-database-using-text-mining-approach-phase-i
#12
Paramjit Kaur, Kewal Krishan, Suresh K Sharma
The face is an important part of the human body by which an individual communicates in the society. Its importance can be highlighted by the fact that a person deprived of face cannot sustain in the living world. The amount of experiments being performed and the number of research papers being published under the domain of human face have surged in the past few decades. Several scientific disciplines, which are conducting research on human face include: Medical Science, Anthropology, Information Technology (Biometrics, Robotics, and Artificial Intelligence, etc...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741590/rate-of-muscle-contraction-is-associated-with-cognition-in-women-not-in-men
#13
Qu Tian, Yusuke Osawa, Susan M Resnick, Luigi Ferrucci, Stephanie A Studenski
Background: In older persons, lower hand grip strength is associated with poorer cognition. Little is known about how the rate of muscle contraction relates to cognition and upper extremity motor function, and sex differences are understudied. Methods: Linear regression, adjusting for age, race, education, body mass index, appendicular lean mass, and knee pain assessed sex-specific cross-sectional associations of peak torque, rate of torque development (RTD) and rate of velocity development (RVD) with cognition and upper extremity motor function...
May 8, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739433/-because-if-we-talk-about-health-issues-first-it-is-easier-to-talk-about-human-trafficking-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study-on-health-needs-and-service-provision-among-migrant-and-trafficked-fishermen-in-the-mekong
#14
Nicola S Pocock, Reena Tadee, Kanokwan Tharawan, Wansiri Rongrongmuang, Brett Dickson, Soksreymom Suos, Ligia Kiss, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking in the fishing industry or "sea slavery" in the Greater Mekong Subregion is reported to involve some of the most extreme forms of exploitation and abuse. A largely unregulated sector, commercial fishing boats operate in international waters far from shore and outside of national jurisdiction, where workers are commonly subjected to life-threatening risks. Yet, research on the health needs of trafficked fishermen is sparse. This paper describes abuses, occupational hazards, physical and mental health and post-trafficking well-being among a systematic consecutive sample of 275 trafficked fishermen using post-trafficking services in Thailand and Cambodia...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738745/efficacy-of-exercise-interventions-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Reginald Heywood, Alexandra L McCarthy, Tina L Skinner
OBJECTIVE: To critically analyse the literature surrounding the efficacy of exercise interventions in patients with advanced cancer. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was undertaken of health and medical electronic databases (PubMED, Medline, CINAHL, Embase, PEDRO, Web of Science and Scopus) until 1st March 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Studies were included if they were published in the English language and met the following criteria: structured exercise as the primary intervention, ≥80% study participants diagnosed with advanced cancer that is unlikely to be cured; reported outcomes concerning physical function, quality of life, fatigue, body composition, psychosocial function, sleep quality pain and/or survival...
May 5, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735212/tracked-and-fit-fitbits-brain-games-and-the-quantified-aging-body
#16
Stephen Katz, Barbara L Marshall
This paper explores the technical turn to new ways of quantifying and standardizing measurements of age as these intersect with discourses of anti-aging and speculative futures of 'smart' quantified aging bodies. Often couched in a metaphorical language of 'smart', 'fit', 'boosting' and 'optimizing', the aging body is emerging as a node for data collection, monitoring, and surveillance. The research is located in the current literature that links aging, bodies and technologies, with specific extended examples of wearable devices such as fitness trackers and digital exercises such as brain games designed for memory performance...
June 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723242/adaptation-and-validation-of-a-short-french-version-of-the-drive-for-muscularity-scale-in-male-athletes-dms-fr
#17
Lisa Chaba, Fabienne d'Arripe-Longueville, Vanessa Lentillon-Kaestner, Stéphanie Scoffier-Mériaux
The purpose of this paper was to adapt and examine the psychometric properties of a French-language Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS). First, a preliminary version of the scale, based on both the English-language version of the DMS and the literature on the drive for muscularity, was developed following a committee validation process. Second, the factor structure of the DMS-FR was investigated with principal component analysis (PCA) in a sample of 114 male athletes (Mage = 23.35; SDage = 4.93), leading to a nine-item scale (Study 1)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722910/glycemic-management-in-the-bariatric-surgery-population-a-review-of-the-literature
#18
Meredith L Howard, Taylor D Steuber, Sarah A Nisly
Obesity is a worldwide epidemic often complicated by multiple comorbidities, including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Bariatric surgery is an increasingly common and effective weight loss strategy for obese patients that may result in resolution of metabolic related disease states, such as T2DM. Although bariatric surgery has many positive outcomes for patients, dietary and pathophysiologic changes can create difficult to control blood glucose, especially in the immediate perioperative setting. Depending on oral antidiabetic agent and insulin needs preoperatively, many patients require cessation of oral agents and reduction or cessation of insulin...
May 3, 2018: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722890/the-association-between-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-metabolic-abnormalities-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Hassan Kahal, Ioannis Kyrou, Olalekan Uthman, Anna Brown, Samantha Johnson, Peter Wall, Andrew Metcalfe, Abd A Tahrani, Harpal S Randeva
Study Objectives: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we aimed to examine the relationship between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and metabolic abnormalities in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods: Electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Cinahl, PsycInfo, Scopus, Web of Science, Opengrey, CENTRAL), conference abstracts, and reference lists of relevant articles were searched. No restriction was applied for language or publication status. Results: Six studies involving 252 participants were included...
May 2, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718937/routine-activities-and-emotion-in-the-life-of-dairy-cows-integrating-body-language-into-an-affective-state-framework
#20
Daiana de Oliveira, Linda J Keeling
We assessed dairy cows' body postures while they were performing different stationary activities in a loose housing system and then used the variation within and between individuals to identify potential connections between specific postures and the valence and arousal dimensions of emotion. We observed 72 individuals within a single milking herd focusing on their ear, neck and tail positions while they were: feeding from individual roughage bins, being brushed by a mechanical rotating brush and queuing to enter a single automatic milking system...
2018: PloS One
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