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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211056/targeted-mass-media-interventions-promoting-healthy-behaviours-to-reduce-risk-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-adult-ethnic-minorities
#1
REVIEW
Annhild Mosdøl, Ingeborg B Lidal, Gyri H Straumann, Gunn E Vist
BACKGROUND: Physical activity, a balanced diet, avoidance of tobacco exposure, and limited alcohol consumption may reduce morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Mass media interventions are commonly used to encourage healthier behaviours in population groups. It is unclear whether targeted mass media interventions for ethnic minority groups are more or less effective in changing behaviours than those developed for the general population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of mass media interventions targeting adult ethnic minorities with messages about physical activity, dietary patterns, tobacco use or alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of NCDs...
February 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207928/industry-sponsorship-and-research-outcome
#2
REVIEW
Andreas Lundh, Joel Lexchin, Barbara Mintzes, Jeppe B Schroll, Lisa Bero
BACKGROUND: Clinical research affecting how doctors practice medicine is increasingly sponsored by companies that make drugs and medical devices. Previous systematic reviews have found that pharmaceutical-industry sponsored studies are more often favorable to the sponsor's product compared with studies with other sources of sponsorship. A similar association between sponsorship and outcomes have been found for device studies, but the body of evidence is not as strong as for sponsorship of drug studies...
February 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207331/a-systematic-review-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-sexual-minorities
#3
Billy A Caceres, Abraham Brody, Rachel E Luscombe, Jillian E Primiano, Peter Marusca, Edward M Sitts, Deborah Chyun
BACKGROUND: Mental health and HIV disparities are well documented among sexual minorities, but there is a dearth of research on other chronic conditions. Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death worldwide. Although sexual minorities have high rates of several modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (including stress, tobacco use, and alcohol consumption), there is a paucity of research in this area. OBJECTIVES: In this systematic review, we synthesized and critiqued the existing evidence on cardiovascular disease among sexual minority adults...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204933/a-systematic-review-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-following-transsexual-surgery
#4
REVIEW
M Barone, A Cogliandro, N Di Stefano, V Tambone, P Persichetti
BACKGROUND: The aims of our study were to identify studies that evaluated patient satisfaction after transsexual surgery, analyze existing questionnaires, and summarize their development, psychometric properties, and content. METHODS: A systematic review of the English-language literature was performed. Patient-reported outcome measures designed to assess patient satisfaction and quality of life following transsexual surgery were identified. Qualifying instruments were assessed for content and adherence to international guidelines for development and validation...
February 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192793/nonpharmacologic-therapies-for-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-for-an-american-college-of-physicians-clinical-practice-guideline
#5
Roger Chou, Richard Deyo, Janna Friedly, Andrea Skelly, Robin Hashimoto, Melissa Weimer, Rochelle Fu, Tracy Dana, Paul Kraegel, Jessica Griffin, Sara Grusing, Erika D Brodt
Background: A 2007 American College of Physicians guideline addressed nonpharmacologic treatment options for low back pain. New evidence is now available. Purpose: To systematically review the current evidence on nonpharmacologic therapies for acute or chronic nonradicular or radicular low back pain. Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE (January 2008 through February 2016), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and reference lists...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188016/concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-vs-radiotherapy-alone-in-locally-advanced-cervix-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Niloy Ranjan Datta, Emanuel Stutz, Michael Liu, Susanne Rogers, Dirk Klingbiel, Alexander Siebenhüner, Shalini Singh, Stephan Bodis
The efficacy of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CTRT) in locally advanced cervix cancer (LACC, stages IIB-IVA) is contentious. This is due to the variable extent of therapeutic benefit reported in different randomized clinical trials and meta-analyses that usually include all stages of cervix cancer. A systematic review and meta-analysis was therefore conducted to evaluate the efficacy of concurrent CTRT over radiotherapy (RT) alone, predominantly in LACC for the key endpoints; complete response (CR), long-term loco-regional control (LRC), overall survival (OS), grade III/IV acute and late toxicities...
February 7, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187985/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-suggests-obesity-predicts-onset-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-general-population
#7
Carlo Garofalo, Silvio Borrelli, Roberto Minutolo, Paolo Chiodini, Luca De Nicola, Giuseppe Conte
Obesity and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are public health priorities that share core pathophysiological mechanisms. However, whether high body mass index (BMI) increases risk of CKD de novo remains ill-defined. To evaluate the role of BMI in predicting CKD onset in the general adult population, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of PubMed and ISI Web of Science databases articles published between January 2000 and August 2016 without language restriction. We selected studies in adult individuals from a general population with normal renal function at baseline that reported the risk of low estimated glomerular filtration (eGFR) (under 60 mL/min/1...
February 7, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186710/lack-of-health-related-quality-of-life-and-patient-centred-outcome-measures-in-randomized-controlled-trials-conducted-for-diabetes-pharmacotherapy-sglt-2-receptor-inhibitors-as-an-example
#8
Pendar Farahani
BACKGROUND: Use of SGLT-2 receptor inhibitors has been associated with weight loss and a low rate of hypoglycemia in comparison to sulfonylureas. These factors may improve health-related quality of life for patients with diabetes. OBJECTIVES: To systematically explore randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving SGLT-2 receptor inhibitors that reported health-related quality of life changes. METHODS: A systematic review of SGLT-2 receptor inhibitors clinical trials, limited to RCTs and English language, was conducted utilizing PubMed databases...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185087/attention-to-body-parts-varies-with-visual-preference-and-verb-effector-associations
#9
Ty W Boyer, Josita Maouene, Nitya Sethuraman
Theories of embodied conceptual meaning suggest fundamental relations between others' actions, language, and our own actions and visual attention processes. Prior studies have found that when people view an image of a neutral body in a scene they first look toward, in order, the head, torso, hands, and legs. Other studies show associations between action verbs and the body-effectors used in performing the action (e.g., "jump" with feet/legs; "talk" with face/head). In the present experiment, the visual attention of participants was recorded with a remote eye-tracking system while they viewed an image of an actor pantomiming an action and heard a concrete action verb...
February 9, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179749/danish-translation-and-linguistic-validation-of-the-body-q-a-description-of-the-process
#10
Lotte Poulsen, Michael Rose, Anne Klassen, Kirsten K Roessler, Jens Ahm Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments are increasingly being included in research and clinical practice to assess the patient point of view. Bariatric and body contouring surgery has the potential to improve or restore a patient's body image and health-related quality of life (HR-QOL). A new PRO instrument, called the BODY-Q, has recently been developed specifically for this patient group. The aim of the current study was to translate and perform a linguistic validation of the BODY-Q for use in Danish bariatric and body contouring patients...
2017: European Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176959/a-systematic-literature-review-on-the-efficacy-effectiveness-gap-comparison-of-randomized-controlled-trials-and-observational-studies-of-glucose-lowering-drugs
#11
REVIEW
Mikkel Z Ankarfeldt, Erpur Adalsteinsson, Rolf Hh Groenwold, M Sanni Ali, Olaf H Klungel
AIM: To identify a potential efficacy-effectiveness gap and possible explanations (drivers of effectiveness) for differences between results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies investigating glucose-lowering drugs. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted in English language articles published between 1 January, 2000 and 31 January, 2015 describing either RCTs or observational studies comparing glucagon-like peptide-1 analogs (GLP-1) with insulin or comparing dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i) with sulfonylurea, all with change in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) as outcome...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169086/basal-insulin-treatment-intensification-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-comprehensive-systematic-review-of-current-options
#12
REVIEW
D Raccah
AIM: As type 2 diabetes mellitus progresses, most patients require treatment with basal insulin in combination with another agent to achieve recommended glycaemic targets. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the evidence supporting the use of the available add-on treatments [rapid-acting insulin (RAI), glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs), dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitors and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors] to basal insulin...
February 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164289/providing-information-to-improve-body-image-and-care-seeking-behavior-of-women-and-girls-living-with-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Ekpereonne Esu, Ifeyinwa Okoye, Iwara Arikpo, Regina Ejemot-Nwadiaro, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) has become recognized worldwide as an extreme form of violation of the human rights of girls and women. Strategies have been employed to curb the practice. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of randomized and nonrandomized studies of the effects of providing educational interventions on the body image and care-seeking behavior of girls and women living with FGM with the view to ending the practice. SEARCH STRATEGY: CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and other databases were searched up to August 10, 2015 without any language restrictions...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164267/human-grooming-in-comparative-perspective-people-in-six-small-scale-societies-groom-less-but-socialize-just-as-much-as-expected-for-a-typical-primate
#14
Adrian V Jaeggi, Karen L Kramer, Raymond Hames, Evan J Kiely, Cristina Gomes, Hillard Kaplan, Michael Gurven
OBJECTIVES: Grooming has important utilitarian and social functions in primates but little is known about grooming and its functional analogues in traditional human societies. We compare human grooming to typical primate patterns to test its hygienic and social functions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bayesian phylogenetic analyses were used to derive expected human grooming time given the potential associations between grooming, group size, body size, terrestriality, and several climatic variables across 69 primate species...
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163193/the-neuropathological-signature-of-bulbar-onset-als-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
S Shellikeri, V Karthikeyan, R Martino, S E Black, L Zinman, J Keith, Y Yunusova
ALS is a multisystem disorder affecting cognitive and motor functions. Bulbar-onset ALS (bALS) may be preferentially associated with language/cognitive impairments, compared with spinal-onset ALS (sALS), stemming from a potentially unique neuropathology. The objective of this systematic review was to compare neuropathology reported for bALS and sALS subtypes in studies of cadaveric brains. Using Cochrane guidelines, we reviewed articles in MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO databases using standardized search terms for ALS and neuropathology, from inception until July 16th 2016...
February 2, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161788/get-healthy-after-breast-cancer-examining-the-feasibility-acceptability-and-outcomes-of-referring-breast-cancer-survivors-to-a-general-population-telephone-delivered-program-targeting-physical-activity-healthy-diet-and-weight-loss
#16
S Lawler, G Maher, M Brennan, A Goode, M M Reeves, E Eakin
PURPOSE: This pilot study assessed the feasibility, acceptability and outcomes of referring breast cancer survivors to the 'Get Healthy Service' (GHS), a state health-funded 6-month telephone-delivered lifestyle program. METHODS: Pre-post study with eligible and consenting women following treatment for stages I-III breast cancer referred by nurses in a cancer treatment centre to the GHS. Feasibility was assessed via GHS uptake and completion; acceptability was assessed via patient satisfaction and nurse feedback...
February 4, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158947/ambiguous-bodies-uncertain-diseases-knowledge-of-cervical-cancer-in-papua-new-guinea
#17
A Kelly-Hanku, S Ase, V Fiya, P Toliman, H Aeno, G M Mola, J M Kaldor, L M Vallely, A J Vallely
OBJECTIVES: Within their local realities, people experience and interpret disease in diverse ways that do not necessarily correlate or converge with Western biomedical interventions. In the high cervical cancer burden setting of Papua New Guinea, understanding how people experience and interpret cervical cancer is necessary for effective intervention. Drawing on work by Street on the production of unstable biomedical knowledge, we explored how ambiguity and uncertainty, coupled with cultural taboos and linguistic limitations, affect what and how people 'know' about women's reproductive organs and their associated disease...
February 3, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152777/understanding-the-patient-experience-with-soft-tissue-sarcoma-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
Randall Winnette, Steven Nicol, Datchen Fritz Tai, Kati Copley-Merriman
: 61 Background: Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) are a heterogenous group of rare tumors that involve the connective tissue in the body. As with many rare tumors, little is known about the impact of STS on patient well-being. The objective of this review was to understand patient experience and quality of life (QOL) following diagnosis of STS. METHODS: This was a systematic review of English language articles published between 2005-2015 in PubMed/Medline, Embase, PsychINFO, and Evidence-Based Medicine...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144823/abuse-and-misuse-of-pregabalin-and-gabapentin
#19
REVIEW
Kirk E Evoy, Megan D Morrison, Stephen R Saklad
BACKGROUND: Gabapentinoid (pregabalin and gabapentin) abuse is increasingly being reported. OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent of gabapentinoid abuse, characteristics of typical abusers, patterns of abuse, and potential harms in order to bring this trend to providers' attention. METHODS: A systematic review of MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov, and US FDA data, indexed through 28 July 2016, utilizing the following searches: pregabalin OR gabapentin OR gabapentinoid AND one of the following: abuse, misuse, overdose, or substance-related disorders[MESH], was conducted...
February 1, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141861/a-reduced-dimensionality-approach-to-uncovering-dyadic-modes-of-body-motion-in-conversations
#20
Guy Gaziv, Lior Noy, Yuvalal Liron, Uri Alon
Face-to-face conversations are central to human communication and a fascinating example of joint action. Beyond verbal content, one of the primary ways in which information is conveyed in conversations is body language. Body motion in natural conversations has been difficult to study precisely due to the large number of coordinates at play. There is need for fresh approaches to analyze and understand the data, in order to ask whether dyads show basic building blocks of coupled motion. Here we present a method for analyzing body motion during joint action using depth-sensing cameras, and use it to analyze a sample of scientific conversations...
2017: PloS One
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