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Le fort 1 Osteotomy

Artur Fahradyan, Erik M Wolfswinkel, Noreen Clarke, Stephen Park, Michaela Tsuha, Mark M Urata, Jeffrey A Hammoudeh, Dennis-Duke R Yamashita
BACKGROUND: The maxillary horizontal relapse following Le Fort I advancement has been estimated to be 10% to 50%. This retrospective review examines the direct association between the amounts of maxillary advancement and relapse. We hypothesize that the greater the advancement, the greater the relapse amount. METHOD: Patients with class III skeletal malocclusion underwent maxillary advancement with either a Le Fort I or a Le Fort I with simultaneous mandibular setback (bimaxillary surgery) from 2008 to 2015...
April 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Jeong-Hwa Jeong, Sung-Hwan Choi, Kee-Deog Kim, Chung-Ju Hwang, Sang-Hwy Lee, Hyung-Seog Yu
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to compare the long-term stability of bimaxillary surgery using an intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO) with and without presurgical orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present retrospective study included 31 consecutive patients with skeletal Class III malocclusions who had undergone bimaxillary surgery (Le Fort I osteotomy and bilateral IVRO). Patients were divided into 2 groups based on treatment type: pre-orthodontic orthognathic surgery (POGS; n = 17) and conventional surgery with presurgical orthodontic treatment (CS; n = 14)...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Koichiro Ueki, Akinori Moroi, Takamitsu Tsutsui, Ryota Hiraide, Akihiro Takayama, Yuki Saito, Momoko Sato, Nana Baba, Tatsuya Tsunoda, Asami Hotta, Kunio Yoshizawa
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare time-course changes in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) space between mandibular advancement surgery and setback surgery after sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) and Le Fort I osteotomy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The subjects were 46 patients (92 joints) who underwent bi-maxillary surgery. The TMJ disc position was assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the anterior, superior, posterior, medial and lateral joint spaces were assessed by computed tomography (CT), preoperatively and at 1 week and 1 year postoperative...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Valthierre Nunes de Lima, Leonardo Perez Faverani, Joel Ferreira Santiago, Celso Palmieri, Osvaldo Magro Filho, Eduardo Piza Pellizzer
The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review of morphological alterations in the condyles after orthographic surgery involving a sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO), with or without surgery on the maxilla. Searches were performed on three databases and registered in the PROSPERO. The selected studies fulfilled the criteria established by the following PICO model: (1) population: individuals with skeletal dentofacial deformities (class II or III facial patterns), without asymmetry; (2) intervention: orthognathic surgery for mandibular setback using an SSRO, with or without a Le Fort I osteotomy, and fixed with bicortical screws or plates and screws; (3) comparison: orthognathic surgery for mandibular advancement using an SSRO, with or without a Le Fort I osteotomy, and fixed with plates and screws or bicortical screws; and (4) outcome: condylar resorption rate and relapse...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Michael R Bykowski, Amber Hill, Catherine Garland, William Tobler, Joseph E Losee, Jesse A Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Although rare, pseudoaneurysms (PA) can develop following Le Fort I osteotomy and lead to life-threatening hemorrhage. However, the typical presentation of a PA following a Le Fort I osteotomy is not well characterized. Evidence-based guidelines are not currently available for evaluation of PA following Le Fort I osteotomy. METHODS: A case report is presented of a 27-year-old man who underwent Le Fort I advancement and subsequently developed a bleeding PA...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Willian Saranholi da Silva, Ana Lúcia Pompéia Fraga de Almeida, Maria Giulia Rezende Pucciarelli, Karin Hermana Neppelenbroek, Juliana Dreyer da Silva de Menezes, Renato Yassutaka Faria Yaedú, Thais Marchini Oliveira, Flavia M R N Cintra, Simone Soares
This retrospective observational study aimed to evaluate and identify the relapse rate after orthognathic surgery for maxillary advancement (Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy) in oral cleft patients through digitized cephalograms and 3D dental models, following 2 years. Lateral cephalograms and dental casts of 17 individuals, enrolled in Orthodontics Department in Hospital of Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies, were carried out. The digital cephalometric tracings were evaluated in: T1-before surgery, T2-immediate after surgery, T3-6-month to 1-year after surgery...
March 1, 2018: Odontology
Konstantinos Lazaridis, Maria Lazaridou, Athanasios E Athanasiou
Introduction: Le Fort I and sagittal split ramus osteotomies are the most commonly performed orthognathic surgery procedures on the maxilla and mandible, respectively. Techniques: Despite progress in the techniques, these procedures may still be associated with morbidity, expressed as inflammation, inadequate bony union, periodontal damages or in extreme cases even total bone loss. Discussion: Through a comprehensive review of the literature, the influences of maxillary and mandibular surgery on Pulpal Blood Flow (PBF), pulp sensitivity and pulp vitality are examined...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Hoon Kim, Kyung-Suk Cha
Objective: The aim of this study is to quantitatively evaluate the stability of the skeletal and dental widths using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) after segmental Le Fort I osteotomy in adult patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion requiring maxillary expansion. Methods: In total, 25 and 36 patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion underwent Le Fort I osteotomy (control group) and segmental Le Fort I osteotomy (experimental group), respectively...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
P Aktop, S Biren, S Aktop, M Motro, C Delilbasi, G Gurler, G Dergin
We compared and evaluated the effects of two techniques used for surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) using three-dimensional (3D) cone-beam computed tomography, focusing on changes in soft and hard tissue in the malar region. A conventional Le Fort I osteotomy group (10 patients, mean age: 19.3 years) and a high Le Fort I group (12 patients, mean age: 20.4 years) underwent 3D analyses. Changes in hard and soft tissue of the malar region were compared. The average increases in the bone malar width and soft malar width in the high Le Fort I group between the pre- and postoperative periods were 1...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
D Séblain, J Bourlet, R H Khonsari, P Roy, A Gleizal, J Chauvel Picard
OBJECTIVE: Compare literature-reported efficiency and complications of the standard maxillary advancement surgery with those of a minimally invasive mucosal approach in patients with CL/P requiring Le Fort 1 osteotomy. DESIGN: Meta-analysis vs. retrospective analysis of 18 consecutive cases. SETTING: Department of maxillofacial surgery at a tertiary-level public general hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The meta-analysis encompassed Medline, Embase, and Cochrane, years 1990 to 2014, inclusive...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Abdolreza Jamilian, Rahman Showkatbakhsh, Mohammad Behnaz, Alireza Ghassemi, Zinat Kamalee, Letizia Perillo
BACKGROUND: Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is rapidly becoming a mainstream surgical technique for correction of maxillary deficiency. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a newly designed tooth-borne osteogenic distraction device with conventional LeFort 1 osteotomy in maxillary advancement of cleft lip and palate patients. METHODS: The DO group consisted of 10 subjects (7 males, 3 females) with a mean age of 21.2 (SD 4.2) years. In these patients, the newly designed distraction device which exerted force anteroposteriorly was cemented after mobilization of the maxilla...
January 31, 2018: Minerva Stomatologica
Yoko Kawase-Koga, Yasuyuki Fujii, Mikiko Ikehata, Naoki Ikehata, Michihide Kono, Akira Kimoto, Masato Watanabe, Daichi Chikazu
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of early removal of fixed plates in patients with occlusal discrepancies after sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) with a focus on the positional relationship of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Sagittal split ramus osteotomy with/without Le Fort I osteotomy was performed on 98 patients with mandibular prognathism. Of these 98 patients, 15 with occlusal discrepancies and/or TMJ symptoms underwent early plate removal after SSRO. Finally, 12 consecutive patients were evaluated in this study: 7 underwent bilateral SSRO, 1 underwent unilateral SSRO, and 4 underwent bilateral SSRO with maxillary advancement...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
M Z Miao, B Wang, D Wu, S Zhang, S Wong, O Shi, A Hu, L Mao, B Fang
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the relationship between follow-up temporomandibular joint positional change and mandibular stability among patients who had orthognathic and orthodontic treatment for a skeletal Class II malocclusion. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients who underwent 2-jaw surgery (Le Fort I osteotomy, bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy and genioplasty with rigid internal fixation) were included with an average follow-up length of 8.10 ± 2.06 years...
February 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
Patrik Lassus, Andrew Lindford, Jyrki Vuola, Leif Bäck, Sinikka Suominen, Karri Mesimäki, Tommy Wilkman, Tuija Ylä-Kotola, Erkki Tukiainen, Hannu Kuokkanen, Jyrki Törnwall
BACKGROUND: Since 2005, at least 38 facial transplantations have been performed worldwide. We herein describe the surgical technique and 1-year clinical outcome in Finland's first face transplant case. METHODS: A 34-year-old male who had a severe facial deformity following ballistic trauma in 1999 underwent facial transplantation at the Helsinki University Hospital on 8th February 2016. Three-dimensional (3D) technology was used to manufacture donor and recipient patient-specific osteotomy guides and a donor face mask...
February 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Liu Xianwen, Ai Weijian, Zhou Huixi, Li Yunfeng, Liu Shuguang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate vertical stability after various orthognathic surgical treatment plans for skeletal class Ⅲ malocclusion with anterior openbite. METHODS: A retrospective multicenter cohort study was conducted to investigate vertical stability after various orthognathic surgical treatment plans for skeletal class Ⅲ malocclusion with anterior openbite. From 2010-2016, 122 patients from two domestic stomatological hospitals were included in our study. Patients were divided into four groups according to their treatment plans, namely, bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO), intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO), BSSRO+Le Fort Ⅰ, and IVRO+Le Fort Ⅰ...
October 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
David I Hindin, Corbin E Muetterties, Justine C Lee, Anand Kumar, Henry K Kawamoto, James P Bradley
BACKGROUND: Both internal and external distraction devices have been used successfully in correcting midface hypoplasia. Although the indication for surgery and the osteotomy techniques may be similar, deciding when to use internal versus external devices has not been studied. The authors studied patient-reported outcomes with FACE-Q and functional surveys for internal and external devices for midface distraction patients. METHODS: Patients who underwent distraction advancement after Le Fort I and Le Fort III were surveyed using the FACE-Q survey and a functional survey...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Fernanda Brasil Daura Jorge Boos Lima, Eduardo Hochuli Vieira, Philipp Juergens, Sergio Monteiro Lima Junior
The purpose of this study was to test whether associated subcranial Le Fort III (sLF III) and Le Fort I (LF I) osteotomies are stable after large advancements of the middle third of the face and maxilla. The authors designed a retrospective study and enrolled a sample of consecutive patients with midface hypoplasia treated with associated sLF III and LF I osteotomies in this IRB-approved study between September 2013 and February 2015. To test whether the long-term stability was satisfactory, the authors compared cephalometric changes from immediately after surgery to 18 months after surgery taken from multi-slice computed tomography using two different third-party imaging software programs...
December 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Max Domingues Pereira, Alexandre Fukuzo Koga, Gabriela Pereira Ribeiro Prado, Lydia Masako Ferreira
The current study aimed at comparing the number and type of undesired outcomes during and after the maxillary expansion performed with HYRAX and HAAS expanders. A total of 90 patients (41 males and 49 females, 45.6% and 54.4%, respectively) aged 18 to 59 (mean age of 26.1; standard deviation [SD] = 7.4) underwent subtotal Le Fort I osteotomy and pterygomaxillary disjunction following surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) carried out using HAAS (n = 29; 48.3% male and 51.7% female; mean age = 27: SD = 7...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Shinji Kobayashi, Toshihiko Fukawa, Takashi Hirakawa, Toshihiko Satake, Jiro Maegawa
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to confirm the utility of a corrected cephalometric analysis to facilitate the planning of distraction osteogenesis with Le Fort III osteotomy for syndromic craniosynostosis. METHODS: This prospective study involved 4 male and 2 female patients (mean patient age, 8 years 9 months; age range, 4 years 6 months to 13 years 2 months) with Crouzon syndrome who were treated with Le Fort III maxillary distraction using our previously described system of analysis of a corrected cephalogram and who underwent clinical follow-up...
September 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Jean-Marc Foletti, Gregory S Antonarakis, Camille Galant, Delphine S Courvoisier, Paolo Scolozzi
PURPOSE: To determine the association of atypical swallowing (AS) with relapse in patients undergoing combined orthodontic and orthognathic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, the clinical data of all patients who underwent combined surgical and orthodontic treatment from 1998 through 2015 at the University Hospital of Geneva (Geneva, Switzerland) were reviewed. The primary outcome variables were 1) AS and 2) post-treatment relapse...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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