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Ultrasound education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795411/does-ultrasound-enhanced-instruction-of-musculoskeletal-anatomy-improve-physical-examination-skills-of-first-year-medical-students
#1
Bryant J Walrod, Allison Schroeder, Mark J Conroy, Laura C Boucher, Marcia Bockbrader, David P Way, Kendra L McCamey, Clinton A Hartz, Michael A Jonesco, David P Bahner
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound imaging is commonly used to teach basic anatomy to medical students. The purpose of this study was to determine whether learning musculoskeletal anatomy with ultrasound improved performance on medical students' musculoskeletal physical examination skills. METHODS: Twenty-seven first-year medical students were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 instructional groups: either shoulder or knee. Both groups received a lecture followed by hands-on ultrasound scanning on live human models of the assigned joint...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780302/systematic-assessment-reveals-lack-of-understandability-for-prostate-biopsy-online-patient-education-materials
#2
Kimberly A Maciolek, David F Jarrard, E Jason Abel, Sara L Best
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy, readability, understandability and actionability of internet patient education materials (PEM) about transrectal ultrasound-guided (TRUS) prostate biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive internet search was performed to find PEM with pre- or post-biopsy instructions. PEM that were duplicates, government affiliated, international, or video-based were excluded. Biopsy instructions were evaluated for accuracy and presence of essential topics...
August 2, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768630/back-to-the-future-forget-ultrasound-and-focus-on-clinical-assessment-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-management
#3
EDITORIAL
Roberto Caporali, Josef S Smolen
Ultrasound (US) unquestionably improves many aspects of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) diagnosis and management, but no consensus has been reached regarding the optimal US methodology that should be used, and high levels of standardisation have not yet been attained. Current evidence from two randomised controlled trials does not support the US in directing treatment decisions. A return to the endorsement of clinical assessment and the adoption of T2T strategies aiming at ACR/EULAR remission still represent the standard of care for RA and should be pursued through appropriate educational programmes...
August 2, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759501/ultrasound-guided-regional-anesthesia-simulation-training-a-systematic-review
#4
Xiao Xu Chen, Vatsal Trivedi, AbdulHadi A AlSaflan, Suzanne Clare Todd, Andrea C Tricco, Colin J L McCartney, Sylvain Boet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia (UGRA) has become the criterion standard of regional anesthesia practice. Ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia teaching programs often use simulation, and guidelines have been published to help guide URGA education. This systematic review aimed to examine the effectiveness of simulation-based education for the acquisition and maintenance of competence in UGRA. METHODS: Studies identified in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ERIC were included if they assessed simulation-based UGRA teaching with outcomes measured at Kirkpatrick level 2 (knowledge and skills), 3 (transfer of learning to the workplace), or 4 (patient outcomes)...
July 28, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748549/ultrasound-curricula-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-scoping-review
#5
REVIEW
Usman Tarique, Brandon Tang, Manni Singh, Kulamakan Mahan Kulasegaram, Jonathan Ailon
The clinical applications of point-of-care ultrasound (US) have expanded rapidly over the past decade. To promote early exposure to point-of-care US, there is widespread support for the integration of US curricula within undergraduate medical education. However, despite growing evidence and enthusiasm for point-of-care US education in undergraduate medical education, the curricular design and delivery across undergraduate medical education programs remain variable without widely adopted national standards and guidelines...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743700/critical-flicker-frequency-is-diagnostic-of-minimal-hepatic-encephalopathy
#6
Serag Esmat, Nouman El Garem, Hassan Raslan, Mohamed Elfekki, Gihan A Sleem
Minimal hepatic encephalopathy may affect up to 80% of cirrhotic patients, in the absence of overt hepatic encephalopathy. The objective of the study is to evaluate the accuracy of diagnosis of minimal hepatic encephalopathy with critical flicker frequency (CFF). The study was conducted on 180 patients with post hepatitis C liver cirrhosis and on 60 healthy subjects as control. Patients and controls were divided into four groups: group 1 (60), healthy individuals as a control group; group 2 (60), patients with liver cirrhosis (Child class A); group 3 (60), patients with liver cirrhosis (Child class B); and group 4 (60), patients with liver cirrhosis (Child class C)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743217/identifying-content-for-simulation-based-curricula-in-urology-a-national-needs-assessment
#7
Leizl Joy Nayahangan, Rikke Bølling Hansen, Karen Gilboe Lindorff-Larsen, Charlotte Paltved, Bjørn Ulrik Nielsen, Lars Konge
OBJECTIVE: Simulation-based training is well recognized in the transforming field of urological surgery; however, integration into the curriculum is often unstructured. Development of simulation-based curricula should follow a stepwise approach starting with a needs assessment. This study aimed to identify technical procedures in urology that should be included in a simulation-based curriculum for residency training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A national needs assessment was performed using the Delphi method involving 56 experts with significant roles in the education of urologists...
July 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736862/quality-management-of-ultrasound-surveillance-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-under-the-korean-national-cancer-screening-program
#8
Moon Hyung Choi, Seung Eun Jung, Joon-Il Choi, Woo Kyoung Jeong, Hyun Cheol Kim, Yongsoo Kim, Yeol Kim, Boyoung Park
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the quality of ultrasound (US) examinations for hepatocellular carcinoma surveillance under the Korean National Cancer Screening Program and to assess knowledge and experience about liver US of physicians who perform US examinations. METHODS: The investigation about the quality of liver US for hepatocellular carcinoma screening was based on the results of a nationwide quality assurance (QA) evaluation between 2012 and 2014 at all medical institutions participating in the National Cancer Screening Program...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736399/competency-based-medical-education-studying-live-anatomy-by-ultrasound
#9
Graziano Serrao, Massimo Tassoni, Alberto M Magenta-Biasina, Antonio G Mantero, Antonino M Previtera, Michela C Turci, Elia M Biganzoli, Emanuela M Bertolini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727133/is-unexplained-elevated-maternal-serum-alpha-fetoprotein-still-important-predictor-for-adverse-pregnancy-outcome
#10
Derya Başbuğ, Alper Başbuğ, Cavidan Gülerman
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determined the predictive value of maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP) as a marker for adverse pregnancy outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was carried out at Dr. Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital between 2009 and 2010. This study included a total of 1,177 pregnant women, including 170 in the study group and 1,007 in the control group. Pregnancy outcomes and characteristics were analyzed with regard to the MSAFP value...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719254/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-human-cystic-echinococcosis-in-the-cusco-region-of-the-peruvian-highlands-diagnosed-using-focused-abdominal-ultrasound
#11
Francesca Tamarozzi, Amy Hou, Maria Luisa Morales, Maria Teresa Giordani, Freddy Vilca, Karen Mozo, Ruben Bascope, A Clinton White, Enrico Brunetti, Lin Chen, Miguel M Cabada
AbstractLatin America is among the highly endemic regions for cystic echinococcosis (CE). In Peru, an estimated 1,139 disability-adjusted life years are lost annually from surgical treatment of CE. This is comparable with the combined total for Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, and Chile. The prevalence of human infection has been investigated in the central Peruvian Andes, but there are no community-based screening data from other regions of Peru. We carried out a population survey in January 2015 using abdominal ultrasound to estimate the prevalence of abdominal CE in the Canas and Canchis provinces, in the Cusco region of Peru...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717699/opportunistic-breast-cancer-education-and-screening-in-rural-honduras
#12
Linda S Kennedy, Suyapa A Bejarano, Tracy L Onega, Derek S Stenquist, Mary D Chamberlin
PURPOSE: In Honduras, the breast cancer burden is high, and access to women's health services is low. This project tested the connection of community-based breast cancer detection with clinical diagnosis and treatment in a tightly linked and quickly facilitated format. METHODS: The Norris Cotton Cancer Center at Dartmouth College partnered with the Honduran cancer hospital La Liga Contra el Cancer to expand a cervical cancer screening program, which included self-breast exam (SBE) education and clinical breast exams (CBEs), to assess patient attitudes about and uptake of breast cancer education and screening services...
August 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716434/training-midwives-to-perform-basic-obstetric-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-rural-areas-using-a-tablet-platform-and-mobile-phone-transmission-technology-a-wfumb-coe-project
#13
Sudhir Vinayak, Joyce Sande, Harvey Nisenbaum, Christian Pállson Nolsøe
Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has become a topical subject and can be applied in a variety of ways with differing outcomes. The cost of all diagnostic procedures including obstetric ultrasound examinations is a major factor in the developing world and POCUS is only useful if it can be equated to good outcomes at a lower cost than a routine obstetric examination. The aim of this study was to assess a number of processes including accuracy of images and reports generated by midwives, performance of a tablet-sized ultrasound scanner, training of midwives to complete ultrasounds, teleradiology solution transmissions of images via internet, review of images by a radiologist, communication between midwife and radiologist, use of this technique to identify high-risk patients and improvement of the education and teleradiology model components...
July 14, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712815/asymptomatic-carotid-stenosis-is-associated-with-cognitive%C3%A2-impairment
#14
Brajesh K Lal, Moira C Dux, Siddhartha Sikdar, Carly Goldstein, Amir A Khan, John Yokemick, Limin Zhao
BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular risk factors (eg, hypertension, coronary artery disease) and stroke can lead to vascular cognitive impairment. The Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis and Cognitive Function study evaluated the isolated impact of asymptomatic carotid stenosis (no prior ipsilateral or contralateral stroke or transient ischemic attack) on cognitive function. Cerebrovascular hemodynamic and carotid plaque characteristics were analyzed to elucidate potential mechanisms affecting cognition...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712482/ultrasonography-in-acupuncture-uses-in-education-and-research
#15
Mabel Qi He Leow, Shu Li Cui, Mohammad Taufik Bin Mohamed Shah, Taige Cao, Shian Chao Tay, Peter Kay Chai Tay, Chin Chin Ooi
This study aims to explore the potential use of ultrasound in locating the second posterior sacral foramen acupuncture point, quantifying depth of insertion and describing surrounding anatomical structures. We performed acupuncture needle insertion on a study team member. There were four steps in our experiment. First, the acupuncturist located the acupuncture point by palpation. Second, we used an ultrasound machine to visualize the structures surrounding the location of the acupuncture point and measure the depth required for needle insertion...
June 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690957/point-of-care-ultrasound-for-jugular-venous-pressure-assessment-live-and-online-learning-compared
#16
Steve Socransky, Eddy Lang, Rhonda Bryce, Martin Betz
INTRODUCTION: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is a novel technique for the assessment of jugular venous pressure. Distance education may allow for efficient dissemination of this technique. We compared online learning to a live course for teaching ultrasonography jugular venous pressure (u-JVP) to determine if these teaching methods yielded different levels of comfort with and use of u-JVP. METHODS: This was an interventional trial of Canadian emergency physicians who had taken a basic POCUS course...
June 8, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677051/development-of-a-reliable-simulation-based-test-for-diagnostic-abdominal-ultrasound-with-a-pass-fail-standard-usable-for-mastery-learning
#17
Mia L Østergaard, Kristina R Nielsen, Elisabeth Albrecht-Beste, Lars Konge, Michael B Nielsen
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to develop a test with validity evidence for abdominal diagnostic ultrasound with a pass/fail-standard to facilitate mastery learning. METHOD: The simulator had 150 real-life patient abdominal scans of which 15 cases with 44 findings were selected, representing level 1 from The European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology. Four groups of experience levels were constructed: Novices (medical students), trainees (first-year radiology residents), intermediates (third- to fourth-year radiology residents) and advanced (physicians with ultrasound fellowship)...
July 4, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674675/the-role-of-central-neck-lymph-node-dissection-in-the-management-of-papillary-thyroid-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Lawrence A Shirley, Natalie B Jones, John E Phay
Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common thyroid malignancy, and cervical nodal metastases are frequent at presentation. The most common site for nodal metastases from PTC is the central compartment of the ipsilateral neck in the paratracheal and pretracheal regions. The decision to resect these lymph nodes at the time of thyroidectomy often depends on if nodes with suspected malignancy can be identified preoperatively. If nodal spread to the central neck nodes is known, then the consensus is to remove all nodes in this area...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671494/stakeholder-expectations-regarding-the-ability-of-new-veterinary-graduates-to-perform-various-diagnostic-and-surgical-procedures
#19
Julie A Cary, Chelsea H Farnsworth, John Gay, Hillary S Carroll
OBJECTIVE To assess stakeholders' expectations regarding new veterinary graduates' ability to perform various diagnostic and surgical procedures. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. SAMPLE Veterinary students, recent graduates, clinical veterinary college faculty, and general practitioners at or from AVMA Council on Education-accredited colleges of veterinary medicine in the United States and Caribbean. PROCEDURES Respondents rated how proficient they expected new graduates, on their first day of practice, to be in 8 diagnostic procedures and the degree of independence they expected of new graduates in 8 surgical procedures...
July 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661491/informed-decision-making-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-pregnant-and-nonpregnant-women-offered-population-fragile-x-carrier-screening
#20
Sylvia A Metcalfe, Melissa Martyn, Alice Ames, Vicki Anderson, Alison D Archibald, Grad Dip Gen Couns, Rob Carter, Jonathan Cohen, Megan Cotter, M GenCouns, William Dang, Martin B Delatycki, Susan Donath, Samantha Edwards, PGrad Dip Educ, Grad Dip Gen Couns, Robin Forbes, Grad Dip Gen Couns, Mioara Gavrila, M MedSci, Jane Halliday, Chriselle Hickerton, Melissa Hill, Grad Dip Gen Couns, Lorilli Jacobs, PGrad Dip Ultrasound, Vicki Petrou, Grad Dip Gen Couns, Loren Plunkett, M GenCouns, Leslie Sheffield, F Racp, Alison Thornton, Grad Dip Gen Couns, Sandra Younie, PGrad Dip Hlth Econ, Jon D Emery
PurposePopulation-based carrier screening for fragile X syndrome (FXS) is still not universally endorsed by professional organizations due to concerns around genetic counseling for complex information and potential for psychosocial harms.MethodsWe determined uptake levels, decision making, and psychosocial impact in a prospective study of pregnant and nonpregnant Australian women offered FXS carrier screening in clinical settings. Women received pretest genetic counseling, and completed questionnaires when deciding and one month later...
June 29, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
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