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Ultrasound education

Aleksandar N Neskovic, Henry Skinner, Susanna Price, Gabriele Via, Stefan De Hert, Ivan Stankovic, Maurizio Galderisi, Erwan Donal, Denisa Muraru, Erik Sloth, Luna Gargani, Nuno Cardim, Alexandros Stefanidis, Matteo Cameli, Gilbert Habib, Bernard Cosyns, Patrizio Lancellotti, Thor Edvardsen, Bogdan A Popescu
There is a growing trend of using ultrasound examination of the heart as a first-line diagnostic tool for initial patient evaluation in acute settings. Focus cardiac ultrasound (FoCUS) is a standardized but restricted cardiac ultrasound examination that may be undertaken by a range of medical professionals with diverse backgrounds. The intention of this core curriculum and syllabus is to define a unifying framework for educational and training processes/programmes that should result in competence in FoCUS for various medical professionals dealing with diagnostics and treatment of cardiovascular emergencies...
February 26, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Larry P Hoscheit, Hock Gan Heng, Chee Kin Lim, Hsin-Yi Weng
Image quality in B-mode ultrasound is important as it reflects the diagnostic accuracy and diagnostic information provided during clinical scanning. Quality assurance programs for B-mode ultrasound systems/components are comprised of initial quality acceptance testing and subsequent regularly scheduled quality control testing. The importance of quality assurance programs for B-mode ultrasound image quality using ultrasound phantoms is well documented in the human medical and medical physics literature. The purpose of this prospective, cross-sectional, survey study was to determine the prevalence and methodology of quality acceptance testing and quality control testing of image quality for ultrasound system/components among veterinary sonographers...
March 12, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Ana Margarida Monteiro, Olinda Marques, Sofia Martins, Ana Antunes
The authors report a case of a 15-year-old girl with hypopituitarism due to pituitary stalk interruption syndrome diagnosed in the neonatal period. The patient was admitted to the emergency room with impaired consciousness and hypoglycaemia. The day before, she increased her water intake to about 1.5 L to perform a pelvic ultrasound. In the following hours, she developed vomiting and food refusal. Blood analysis revealed hypoglycaemia, hyponatraemia, decreased serum osmolality and normal urinary density. Hyponatraemia and adrenal crisis were managed with a gradual but slow resolution of consciousness and electrolytic balance...
March 9, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
N Alnaif, S Alrobaiea, Alain J Azzi, S Thibaudeau, M H Martin
Isolated avulsion fracture of the extensor carpi radialis longus (ECRL) tendon is a rare and poorly understood injury. We present a unique case of a 45-year-old male who fell on his flexed right hand. He presented with a subtle but extremely painful mass on the dorsum of his wrist. Ultrasound (U/S) imaging of the mass revealed an avulsed bone fragment attached to the ECRL tendon, confirming the clinical suspicion of an ECRL avulsion injury. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are well-documented imaging modalities to detect tendon avulsions...
March 7, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
Diana-Alexandra Ertl, Andreas Gleiss, Katharina Schubert, Caroline Culen, Peer Hauck, Johannes Ott, Alois Gessl, Gabriele Haeusler
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that only a minority of patients with Turner syndrome (TS) have adequate medical care after transfer to adult care. AIM OF THIS STUDY: To assess the status of medical care and quality of life (QoL) in adult women diagnosed with TS and followed-up until transfer. To compare the subjective and objective view of the medical care quality and initiate improvements based on patients' experiences and current recommendations. METHODS: 39 adult women with TS out of 64 patients contacted were seen for a clinical and laboratory check, cardiac ultrasound, standardized and structured questionnaires (SF-36v2 and Beck depression inventory)...
March 7, 2018: Endocrine Connections
Tyler Safran, Alex Viezel-Mathieu, Benjamin Beland, Alain J Azzi, Rafael Galli, Mirko Gilardino
INTRODUCTION: Craniosynostosis, the premature fusion of ≥1 cranial sutures, is the leading cause of pediatric skull deformities, affecting 1 of every 2000 to 2500 live births worldwide. Technologies used for the management of craniofacial conditions, specifically in craniosynostosis, have been advancing dramatically. This article highlights the most recent technological advances in craniosynostosis surgery through a systematic review of the literature. METHODS: A systematic electronic search was performed using the PubMed database...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Kaouther Dimassi, Ahmed Halouani, Dalenda Chelli, Badis Chanoufi, Amel Triki, Mohamed Faouzi Gara
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of a targeted training program on the quality of NT measures performed by OBST/GYN trainees. METHODS: Prospective study. Step1: each trainee achieved 10 T1US . All were evaluated by 2 experts. Step 2: interactive training session where participants received a detailed feedback report. Step3: each candidate performed again 10 T1US. The results obtained before and after the training session were compared. RESULTS: Step1: Herman score was 4...
April 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Richard J Wakefield, Asoka Weerasinghe, Patrick Tung, Laura Smith, James Pickering, Tendekayi Msimanga, Mohit Arora, Karen Flood, Pawan Gupta, Suzanne Bickerdike, James McLaughlan, Ashley Uttley, Jean Wilson, Tony Evans, Stephen Wolstenhulme, Trudie E Roberts
Whether ultrasound (US) should be incorporated into a medical undergraduate curriculum remains a matter of debate within the medical education arena. There are clear potential benefits to its early introduction particularly with respect to the study of living anatomy and physiology in addition to the learning of clinical skills and procedures required for the graduate clinical practice. However, this needs to be balanced against what is perceived as an added value in addition to financial and time constraints which may potentially lead to the sacrifice of other aspects of the curriculum...
February 28, 2018: Medical Teacher
Paul Olszynski, Jordan Anderson, Krista Trinder, Trustin Domes
OBJECTIVES: The effect of point-of-care ultrasound (US) training on clinical reasoning in undergraduate medical education remains largely unknown, with concerns arising about possible confusion among learners when such clinical tools are introduced too early. We studied the effect of a urology point-of-care US module on the performance of questions designed to assess clinical reasoning in urinary tract obstruction and voiding dysfunction. METHODS: All second-year medical students at the University of Saskatchewan (Regina [n = 36] and Saskatoon [n = 61]) were enrolled in the study...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Tarsh Pandit, Robin Ray, Sabe Sabesan
The aim of the study was to determine the training needs of doctors managing emergencies in rural and remote Australia. A systematic review of Australian articles was performed using MEDLINE (OVID) and INFORMIT online databases from 1990 to 2016. The search terms included 'Rural Health', 'Emergency Medicine', 'Emergency Medical Services', 'Education, Medical, Continuing' and 'Family Practice'. Only peer-reviewed articles, available in full-text that focussed on the training needs of rural doctors were reviewed...
February 22, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Debbie Nisbet, Ann Robertson, Blessy Mannil, Vanessa Pincham, Andrew Mclennan
BACKGROUND: Nuchal translucency measurement has an established role in first trimester screening. Accurate measurement requires that technical guidelines are followed. Performance can be monitored by auditing the distribution of measurements obtained in a series of cases. AIMS: The primary aim is to develop an accessible, theory-based educational program for individuals whose distribution of measurements at audit falls outside an acceptable range, and assess operator performance following this intervention...
February 22, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Ikwan Chang, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Jin Hee Lee, Jae Yun Jung, Hyuksool Kwon, Jin Hee Jung, Bongjin Lee, So Hyun Paek
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to introduce an easily made chicken breast simulator for ultrasound (US)-guided vascular access, foreign body (FB) detection, and hydrodissection in pediatric patients and to validate the effectiveness for training using this phantom tissue model. METHODS: The authors made the tissue phantom simulator using a chicken breast and rubber tourniquet for vascular access and fragments of a tongue blade and steel clip for FB detection and hydrodissection using a very simple method...
February 15, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
M Alexandra Friedman, Liza Aguilar, Quetrell Heyward, Carol Wheeler, Anthony Caldamone
BACKGROUND: Mullerian anomalies have a known association with renal agenesis yet, to date, there are no formal recommendations for screening women with certain renal anomalies for associated genital tract disorders. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to review current data regarding the association between renal and Mullerian anomalies, and propose screening recommendations. STUDY DESIGN: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed to identify relevant articles using the keywords "unilateral renal agenesis," "renal anomalies," and "Mullerian anomalies...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Clifford L Shelton, Maggie M Mort, Andrew F Smith
Internal jugular cannulation may lead to serious complications. Ultrasound guidance is advocated; however, procedural complications remain a concern. Inconsistent education may be in part responsible for this. This study examined how internal jugular cannulation is taught and learned. An ethnographic approach was used in two acute hospitals. Methods comprised interviews, observations and focus groups. An inductive thematic analysis was undertaken. Three themes were identified: apprenticeship , trust and reciprocity...
February 2018: Journal of the Intensive Care Society
Adaobi U Solarin, Elizabeth A Disu, Henry O Gbelee, Adeola B Animasahaun, Oluwatosin E Aremu, Eucharia Ogbuokiri, Gbemisola O Ogunnaike, Alaba Oladimeji
Prune belly syndrome (PBS) is a rare congenital disorder affecting 2.5 to 3.8/100,000 live births worldwide. Our objective of this report is to describe clinical manifestation, laboratory, and radiological characteristics of PBS in our patients, to highlight the limitations to offering appropriate patient care due to parents demanding discharge against medical advice and the need to increase the awareness regarding this rare disease. We report three cases; all referred after birth with lax abdominal wall, congenital anomalies of kidney, and urinary tract...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Faraz Mahmood, Eitezaz Mahmood, Robert Gregory Dorfman, John Mitchell, Feroze-Udin Mahmood, Stephanie B Jones, Robina Matyal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Thomas W Carver
OBJECTIVE: Surgical critical care (SCC) fellows are expected to receive training in critical care ultrasound (CCUS) but training is sporadic and there is no standardized curriculum to guide educators. Previous studies show wide variation in CCUS training during fellowship across specialties but SCC has been underrepresented. This study was performed to assess SCC program directors' views regarding CCUS during fellowship training. DESIGN: Adult SCC program directors were surveyed regarding the role of CCUS in fellowship training...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
Joshua T Bucher, Christopher Bryczkowski, Grant Wei, Renee L Riggs, Anoop Kotwal, Brian Sumner, Jonathan V McCoy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study is to investigate rates of individual procedures performed by residents in our emergency medicine (EM) residency program. Different programs expose residents to different training environments. Our hypothesis is that ultrasound examinations are the most commonly performed procedure in our residency. METHODS: The study took place in an academic level I trauma center with multiple residency and fellowship programs including surgery, surgical critical care, trauma, medicine, pulmonary/critical care, anesthesiology and others...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Susan J Back, Carolina Maya, Kassa Darge, Patricia T Acharya, Carol E Barnewolt, Jamie L Coleman, Jonathan R Dillman, Lynn Ansley Fordham, Misun Hwang, Annie Lim, M Beth McCarville, Marthe M Munden, Harriet J Paltiel, Frank M Volberg
BACKGROUND: The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approved an ultrasound (US) contrast agent for intravenous and intravesical administration in children. OBJECTIVE: Survey the usage, interest in and barriers for contrast-enhanced US among pediatric radiologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Task Force of the Society for Pediatric Radiology (SPR) surveyed the membership of the SPR in January 2017 regarding their current use and opinions about contrast-enhanced US in pediatrics...
February 13, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
Florence H Sheehan, R Eugene Zierler
Healthcare providers who use peripheral vascular and cardiac ultrasound require specialized training to develop the technical and interpretive skills necessary to perform accurate diagnostic tests. Assessment of competence is a critical component of training that documents a learner's progress and is a requirement for competency-based medical education (CBME) as well as specialty certification or credentialing. The use of simulation for CBME in diagnostic ultrasound is particularly appealing since it incorporates both the psychomotor and cognitive domains while eliminating dependency on the availability of live patients with a range of pathology...
February 1, 2018: Vascular Medicine
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