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troponin I heart failure

Joanne Philp, Brian G Lawhorn, Alan P Graves, Lisa Shewchuk, Katrina L Rivera, Larry J Jolivette, Dennis A Holt, Gregory J Gatto, Lara S Kallander
Structure-guided progression of a purine-derived series of TNNI3K inhibitors directed design efforts that produced a novel series of 4,6-diaminopyrimidine inhibitors, an emerging kinase binding motif. Herein, we report a detailed understanding of the intrinsic conformational preferences of the scaffold, which impart high specificity for TNNI3K. Further manipulation of the template based on the conformational analysis and additional structure-activity relationship studies provided enhancements in kinase selectivity and pharmacokinetics that furnished an advanced series of potent inhibitors...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
George A Karpouzas, Joel Estis, Panteha Rezaeian, John Todd, Matthew J Budoff
Objectives: Patients with RA display greater occult coronary atherosclerosis burden and experience higher cardiovascular morbidity and mortality compared with controls. We here explored whether pro-inflammatory cytokines and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI), a biomarker of myocardial injury, correlated with plaque burden and cardiovascular events (CVEs) in RA. Methods: We evaluated 150 patients with 64-slice coronary CT angiography. Coronary artery calcium, number of segments with plaque (segment involvement score), stenotic severity and plaque burden were assessed...
March 14, 2018: Rheumatology
Dissanayake Mudiyanselage Priyantha Udaya Kumara Ralapanawa, Kulatunga Wijekoon Mudiyanselage Pramitha Prabhashini Kumarihamy, Miriyalini Sundararajah, Widana Arachchilage Thilak Ananda Jayalath
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic myocarditis is one of the fatal complications of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndromes. Given the rarity of this form of myocarditis, it is often under-recognized. We describe a young girl who presented with features of heart failure. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of eosinophilic myocarditis in a young Sri Lankan female. CASE PRESENTATION: A previously healthy 21 year old Sri Lankan female admitted with shortness of breath for 1 week duration with associated low grade fever and profuse sweating...
March 9, 2018: BMC Research Notes
António Gaspar, André P Lourenço, Miguel Álvares Pereira, Pedro Azevedo, Roberto Roncon-Albuquerque, Jorge Marques, Adelino F Leite-Moreira
To test whether remote ischaemic conditioning (RIC) as adjuvant to standard of care (SOC) would prevent progression towards heart failure (HF) after ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Single-centre parallel 1:1 randomized trial (computerized block-randomization, concealed allocation) to assess superiority of RIC (3 cycles of intermittent 5 min lower limb ischaemia) over SOC in consecutive STEMI patients (NCT02313961, clinical From 258 patients randomized to RIC or SOC, 9 and 4% were excluded because of unconfirmed diagnosis and previously unrecognized exclusion criteria, respectively...
March 7, 2018: Basic Research in Cardiology
Fjola D Sigurdardottir, Magnus N Lyngbakken, Oddgeir L Holmen, Håvard Dalen, Kristian Hveem, Helge Røsjø, Torbjørn Omland
C-reactive protein and cardiac troponin I measured with high-sensitivity assays (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hs-CRP] and high-sensitivity troponin I [hs-TnI]) have been associated with risk of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events in the general population. The relative prognostic merits of hs-CRP and hs-TnI, and whether these markers of inflammation and subclinical myocardial injury provide incremental information to established cardiovascular risk prediction models, remain unclear. hs-CRP and hs-TnI were measured in 9,005 participants from the prospective observational Nord-Trøndelag Health (HUNT) study...
February 2, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Jacquelyn L S Hanson, Marios Arvanitis, Clarissa M Koch, John L Berk, Frederick L Ruberg, Tatiana Prokaeva, Lawreen H Connors
BACKGROUND: Wild-type transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTRwt), an underappreciated cause of heart failure in older adults, is challenging to diagnose and monitor in the absence of validated, disease-specific biomarkers. We examined the prognostic use and survival association of serum TTR (transthyretin) concentration in ATTRwt. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with biopsy-proven ATTRwt were retrospectively identified. Serum TTR, cardiac biomarkers, and echocardiographic parameters were assessed at baseline and follow-up evaluations...
February 2018: Circulation. Heart Failure
Martin Christmann, Emanuela R Valsangiacomo Büchel, Hitendu Dave, Dietrich Klauwer, Anna Cavigelli-Brunner
Background: The period between stage I and II procedure for treatment of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) bears high mortality and morbidity. Methods: We sought to analyze the prognostic value of Troponin T/I (Trop), a well-recognized marker for myocardial damage and heart failure, for predicting outcome in a retrospective analysis of 70 infants with HLHS at our institution between March 2001 and October 2014. Results: Stage I procedure consisted of Norwood I operation in 35 (50%) and Hybrid-approach in 22 (31%) patients...
January 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Robert Zymliński, Jan Biegus, Mateusz Sokolski, Paweł Siwołowski, Sylwia Nawrocka-Millward, John Todd, Ewa A Jankowska, Waldemar Banasiak, Gad Cotter, John G Cleland, Piotr Ponikowski
AIMS: Lactate is produced by anaerobic metabolism and may reflect inadequate tissue perfusion in conditions such as acute heart failure (AHF). We evaluated the prevalence and clinical significance of elevated blood lactate on admission in patients with AHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 237 patients with AHF (mean age 67 ± 12 years; 70% men) presenting without overt clinical evidence of peripheral hypoperfusion ('warm haemodynamic profile'). Median (upper and lower quartiles) blood lactate on admission was 1...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Heart Failure
Han-Byeol Jung, Min-Hee Kang, Hee-Myung Park
Worsening renal function and azotemia in patients with heart failure (HF) are strongly associated with disease severity and poor prognosis. Increasing interest in this correlation led to the description and classification of cardiorenal syndrome (CRS). We evaluated the role of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in the early detection of CRS in dogs with HF. Ten healthy dogs and 31 dogs admitted with HF were included in our study. NGAL and troponin-I were measured on samples collected on the day of admission; creatinine was measured on admission and again on day 7...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Tessa J Parsons, Claudio Sartini, Paul Welsh, Naveed Sattar, Sarah Ash, Lucy T Lennon, S Goya Wannamethee, I-Min Lee, Peter H Whincup, Barbara J Jefferis
BACKGROUND: N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high sensitivity Troponin T (hsTnT) are markers of cardiac injury used in diagnosis of heart failure and myocardial infarction respectively, and associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Since physical activity is protective against cardiovascular disease and heart failure, we investigated whether higher levels of physical activity, and less sedentary behaviour were associated with lower NT-proBNP and hsTnT...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Abdelrahim Abdrabou Sadek, Shaimaa Mohamed Mahmoud, Mohammed Abd El-Aal, Ahmed Ahmed Allam, Walaa Ibrahim Abd El-Halim
Background: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common childhood form of muscular dystrophy. The incidence of cardiomyopathy in DMD increases with age, so its early detection is important because institution of cardioprotective medical therapies may slow adverse remodeling and attenuate heart failure symptoms in these patients. Objective: To assess the cardiac functions in children clinically suspected to have DMD. Methods: Over a one-year period, 28 male children aged from 3 to 18 years old, who met the criteria for diagnosis of DMD compared to 47 healthy controls children, were approached to participate in the study...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Abhijit Lele, Viharika Lakireddy, Sergii Gorbachov, Nophanan Chaikittisilpa, Vijay Krishnamoorthy, Monica S Vavilala
BACKGROUND: The recommended cardiac workup of patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) includes an electrocardiogram (ECG) and cardiac troponin. However, abnormalities in other cardiovascular domains may occur. We reviewed the literature to examine the spectrum of observed cardiovascular abnormalities in patients with ICH. METHODS: A narrative review of cardiovascular abnormalities in ECG, cardiac biomarkers, echocardiogram, and hemodynamic domains was conducted on patients with ICH...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Nandhinee Radha Shanmugam, Sriram Muthukumar, Ambalika Sanjeev Tanak, Shalini Prasad
AIM: Development of a label-free multiplexed point-of-care diagnostic device for a panel of cardiac biomarkers - cardiac troponin-T (cTnT), troponin-I (cTnI) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP). METHODS: A nonfaradaic electrochemical immunoassay designed with anisotropic high surface area ZnO nanostructures grown using low-temperature hydrothermal methods was selectively immobilized with capture antibodies. Multiplexed detection in human serum using ZnO nanostructures based on complementary electrochemical measurement techniques - electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and Mott-Schottky...
March 2018: Future Cardiology
D M Schwab, L Tilemann, R Bauer, M Heckmann, A Jungmann, M Wagner, J Burgis, C Vettel, H A Katus, A El-Armouche, O J Müller
The downregulation of β-adrenergic receptors (β-AR) and decreased cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity in failing hearts results in decreased phosphorylation and inactivation of phosphatase-inhibitor-1 (I-1), a distal amplifier element of β-adrenergic signaling, leading to increased protein phosphatase 1 activity and dephosphorylation of key phosphoproteins, including phospholamban. Downregulated and hypophosphorylated I-1 likely contributes to β-AR desensitization; therefore its modulation is a promising approach in heart failure treatment...
January 2018: Gene Therapy
Akiomi Yoshihisa, Yuki Kanno, Shunsuke Watanabe, Tetsuro Yokokawa, Satoshi Abe, Makiko Miyata, Takamasa Sato, Satoshi Suzuki, Masayoshi Oikawa, Atsushi Kobayashi, Takayoshi Yamaki, Hiroyuki Kunii, Kazuhiko Nakazato, Hitoshi Suzuki, Takafumi Ishida, Yasuchika Takeishi
Background: Malnutrition is a common condition that is associated with adverse prognosis in patients with heart failure (HF). The Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI), Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) and controlling nutritional status (CONUT) have all been used as objective indices for evaluating nutritional status. We aimed to clarify the relationship between these nutritional indices and the parameters of inflammatory markers, cardiac function and exercise capacity, as well as to compare the ability of these indexes for predicting mortality...
2018: Open Heart
Alberto Aimo, James L Januzzi, Giuseppe Vergaro, Andrea Ripoli, Roberto Latini, Serge Masson, Michela Magnoli, Inder S Anand, Jay N Cohn, Luigi Tavazzi, Gianni Tognoni, Jørgen Gravning, Thor Ueland, Ståle H Nymo, Hans-Peter Brunner-La Rocca, Antoni Bayes-Genis, Josep Lupón, Rudolf A de Boer, Akiomi Yoshihisa, Yasuchika Takeishi, Michael Egstrup, Ida Gustafsson, Hanna K Gaggin, Kai M Eggers, Kurt Huber, Ioannis Tentzeris, Wai H W Tang, Justin Grodin, Claudio Passino, Michele Emdin
BACKGROUND: Most patients with chronic heart failure have detectable troponin concentrations when evaluated by high-sensitivity assays. The prognostic relevance of this finding has not been clearly established so far. We aimed to assess high-sensitivity troponin assay for risk stratification in chronic heart failure through a meta-analysis approach. METHODS: Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Scopus were searched in April 2017 by 2 independent authors. The terms were "troponin" AND "heart failure" OR "cardiac failure" OR "cardiac dysfunction" OR "cardiac insufficiency" OR "left ventricular dysfunction...
January 16, 2018: Circulation
Rudolf A de Boer, Matthew Nayor, Christopher R deFilippi, Danielle Enserro, Vijeta Bhambhani, Jorge R Kizer, Michael J Blaha, Frank P Brouwers, Mary Cushman, Joao A C Lima, Hossein Bahrami, Pim van der Harst, Thomas J Wang, Ron T Gansevoort, Caroline S Fox, Hanna K Gaggin, Willem J Kop, Kiang Liu, Ramachandran S Vasan, Bruce M Psaty, Douglas S Lee, Hans L Hillege, Traci M Bartz, Emelia J Benjamin, Cheeling Chan, Matthew Allison, Julius M Gardin, James L Januzzi, Sanjiv J Shah, Daniel Levy, David M Herrington, Martin G Larson, Wiek H van Gilst, John S Gottdiener, Alain G Bertoni, Jennifer E Ho
Importance: Nearly half of all patients with heart failure have preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) as opposed to reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), yet associations of biomarkers with future heart failure subtype are incompletely understood. Objective: To evaluate the associations of 12 cardiovascular biomarkers with incident HFpEF vs HFrEF among adults from the general population. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study included 4 longitudinal community-based cohorts: the Cardiovascular Health Study (1989-1990; 1992-1993 for supplemental African-American cohort), the Framingham Heart Study (1995-1998), the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (2000-2002), and the Prevention of Renal and Vascular End-stage Disease study (1997-1998)...
January 10, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
Antonio Salsano, Elena Sportelli, Guido Maria Olivieri, Nicola Di Lorenzo, Silvia Borile, Francesco Santini
Patients with submassive pulmonary embolism (PE), although normotensive, are characterized by right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and elevated levels of biomarkers of cardiac damage. The best treatment option in these cases is still a subject of debate and the use of thrombolysis in submassive PE remains controversial. A 57-year-old Caucasian male with unprovoked PE, normal blood pressure, and elevated troponin I values was referred to the cardiovascular department. In view of the presence of a right atrium thrombus, the patient underwent surgical embolectomy under extracorporeal circulation, with the extraction of a huge thrombus together with fragmented thrombi from both pulmonary arteries...
December 2017: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
Niv Ad, Sari D Holmes, Paul S Massimiano, Anthony J Rongione, Lisa M Fornaresio, David Fitzgerald
OBJECTIVES: The del Nido cardioplegia solution has been used extensively in congenital heart surgery for more than 20 years and more recently for adults. This randomized controlled trial examined whether expanding this technique to adult cardiac surgery confers benefits in surgical workflow and clinical outcome compared with blood-based cardioplegia. METHODS: Adult first-time coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), valve, or CABG/valve surgery patients requiring cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were randomized to del Nido cardioplegia (n = 48) or whole blood cardioplegia (n = 41)...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Francesco Pelliccia, Gianfranco Sinagra, Perry Elliott, Guido Parodi, Cristina Basso, Paolo G Camici
Unraveling the mechanisms underlying Takotsubo (TTS) leads to question the current inclusion of the condition within the spectrum of cardiomyopathies. Indeed, the clinical presentation and pathophysiology of TTS clearly differ from cardiomyopathies, i.e. diseases of heart muscle unexplained by abnormal loading conditions or coronary artery disease, which cannot recover spontaneously and may cause sudden death often in minimally symptomatic individuals or result in a gradual deterioration in ventricular function and end-stage heart failure...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
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