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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216387/usefulness-of-size-specific-dose-estimates-in-pediatric-computed-tomography-revalidation-of-large-scale-pediatric-ct-dose-survey-data-in-japan
#1
Daisuke Yamazaki, Osamu Miyazaki, Yasutaka Takei, Kosuke Matsubara, Masafumi Shinozaki, Yoshiya Shimada, Shoichi Suzuki, Yoshihisa Muramatsu
The objective of this research is to calculate the organ equivalent dose and effective dose from the scanning conditions at 165 centers in Japan using computed tomography (CT) Dose software and compare the results with the CT dose index volume (CTDIvol), dose length product (DLP) and size-specific dose estimates (SSDE) to validate the usefulness of SSDE. The CTDIvol and DLP were significantly lower in infants than in children (p < 0.05). No significant differences were found in the bone marrow equivalent dose and effective dose for the torso between infants and children (p > 0...
December 5, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197880/construct-validity-and-internal-consistency-reliability-of-the-malay-version-of-the-21-item-depression-anxiety-stress-scale-malay-dass-21-among-male-outpatient-clinic-attendees-in-johor
#2
B N Rusli, K Amrina, S Trived, K P Loh, M Shashi
BACKGROUND: The 21-item English version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21) has been proposed as a method for assessing self-perceived depression, anxiety and stress over the past week in various clinical and nonclinical populations. Several Malay versions of the DASS-21 have been validated in various populations with varying success. One particular Malay version has been validated in various occupational groups (such as nurses and automotive workers) but not among male clinic outpatient attendees in Malaysia...
October 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195519/reducing-violence-in-correctional-institutions-revalidation-of-the-inmate-risk-assessment-for-violent-nonsexual-victimization
#3
Ryan M Labrecque, Heidi Scherer, James T McCafferty
Jail and prison administrators are responsible for ensuring institutional safety and order. Recent estimates indicate violence in correctional institutions is pervasive. One promising approach to reduce institutional violence is using a risk assessment to predict the likelihood of victimization. Once corrections officials identify high victimization risk offenders, these authorities can take steps to triage interventions to mitigate such risks. This strategy, however, requires a classification instrument that is available and predictively valid...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160475/revalidation-of-game-for-teaching-blood-pressure-auscultatory-measurement-a-pilot-study
#4
Margarete Consorti Bellan, Vanessa Cortez Alves, Mayza Luzia Dos Santos Neves, José Luiz Tatagiba Lamas
OBJECTIVE: To adapt a pre-existing educational game, making it specific to the teaching of blood pressure auscultatory measurement, and to apply this game in a pilot study. METHOD: The original game cards were altered by the authors and submitted to content validation by six experts in the field. After redesigns, the game was applied to 30 subjects, who answered a questionnaire (pre-test and post-test) on auscultatory measurement. Data were analyzed descriptively and by the paired Student's t-test and paired Wilcoxon test...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157254/the-implementation-of-medical-revalidation-an-assessment-using-normalisation-process-theory
#5
Abigail Tazzyman, Jane Ferguson, Charlotte Hillier, Alan Boyd, John Tredinnick-Rowe, Julian Archer, Sam Regan de Bere, Kieran Walshe
BACKGROUND: Medical revalidation is the process by which all licensed doctors are legally required to demonstrate that they are up to date and fit to practise in order to maintain their licence. Revalidation was introduced in the United Kingdom (UK) in 2012, constituting significant change in the regulation of doctors. The governing body, the General Medical Council (GMC), envisages that revalidation will improve patient care and safety. This potential however is, in part, dependent upon how successfully revalidation is embedded into routine practice...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150174/a-new-species-of-discocyrtanus-from-mato-grosso-brazil-opiliones-gonyleptidae-with-a-key-to-the-species-of-the-genus
#6
Rafael N Carvalho, Adriano B Kury
Discocyrtanus canjinjim sp. n., belonging to the family Gonyleptidae Sundevall, 1833 is described based on nineteen specimens, eleven adult males and eight adult females, collected in the Vila Bela da Santíssima Trindade, in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. This new species represents an endemic component for the harvestmen fauna of Chiquitano Dry Forests terrestrial eco-region, being the most occidental point of distribution of the genus, notably found in the Cerrado and the Atlantic Forest. The new species is characterized by femur IV swollen with the same length of dorsal scutum, trochanter IV with prodorsal distal apophysis as a stout hook not bifurcated, and a unique form of genitalia in the genus...
November 14, 2017: Comptes Rendus Biologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142402/chromosomal-fragmentation-a-possible-marker-for-the-selection-of-high-gymnemic-acid-yielding-accessions-of-gymnema-sylvestre-r-br
#7
Ashutosh Kumar Verma, Sunita Singh Dhawan
Background: Gymnema sylvestre R. Br. a member of family Asclepiadaceae as mentioned in Indian Pharmacopoeia popular among the researchers because of stimulatory effect of its phytoconstituent on pancreatic cells and potential to treat Type I and II type of diabetes. Objectives: Development of cost-effective marker system for the selection of high gymnemic acid yielding accessions of G. sylvestre. Materials and Methods: Presoaked seeds of Brassica campestris treated with different dilutions of gymnemagenin and 10% leaf extract of twenty different accessions of G...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136783/revalidation-of-the-neuroprotective-effects-of-a-united-states-patented-polyherbal-formulation-on-scopolamine-induced-learning-and-memory-impairment-in-rats
#8
Prabhat Upadhyay, Ananya Sadhu, Praveen K Singh, Aruna Agrawal, K Ilango, Suresh Purohit, Govind Prasad Dubey
OBJECTIVE: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia yet treatment options are extremely limited. The disease is associated with cognitive impairment as well as structural irregularities, accumulation of plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, diminished levels of acetylcholine, oxidative stress, and inflammation in the brain. We have previously reported on the positive effects of a united states patented (US 7,273,626 B2) poly herbal test formulation, consisting of Bacopa monnieri, Hippophae rhamnoides and Dioscorea bulbifera extracts, on cognitive deficits in AD patients...
November 9, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133990/the-acoustic-repertoire-of-the-atlantic-forest-rocket-frog-and-its-consequences-for-taxonomy-and-conservation-allobates-aromobatidae
#9
Lucas Rodriguez Forti, Thaís Renata Ávila da Silva, Luís Felipe Toledo
The use of acoustic signals is a common characteristic of most anuran species to mediate intraspecific communication. Besides many social purposes, one of the main functions of these signals is species recognition. For this reason, this phenotypic trait is normally applied to taxonomy or to construct evolutionary relationship hypotheses. Here the acoustic repertoire of five populations of the genus Allobates from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest are presented for the first time, on a vulnerable to extinction Neotropical taxon...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116977/the-evolving-purposes-of-medical-revalidation-in-the-united-kingdom-a-qualitative-study-of-professional-and-regulatory-narratives
#10
Abigail Tazzyman, Jane Ferguson, Kieran Walshe, Alan Boyd, John Tredinnick-Rowe, Charlotte Hillier, Samantha Regan De Bere, Julian Archer
PURPOSE: Previous research found professionalism and regulation to be competing discourses when plans for medical revalidation in the United Kingdom were being developed in 2011. The purpose of this study was to explore how these competing discourses developed and how the perceived purposes of revalidation evolved as the policy was implemented. METHOD: Seventy-one interviews with 60 UK policy makers and senior health care leaders were conducted during the development and implementation of revalidation: 31 in 2011, 26 in 2013, and 14 in 2015...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115773/how-nurses-and-midwives-feel-about-revalidation-preliminary-survey-results
#11
Jacques Wels, Simon Sherring, Janice Algar
The introduction in 2016 of the Nursing and Midwifery Council revalidation process, which involves several standardised steps, has represented a major change for UK nurses and midwives, and is now a compulsory requirement of reregistration. This article presents preliminary results of a survey about revalidation, undertaken in June 2016 at Oxleas NHS Foundation Trust, Dartford, focusing on how nurses and midwives feel about the process. The article considers the effect of different variables, including pay band, seniority and directorate, on nurses' and midwives' perceptions of revalidation, and suggests it is regarded more positively by senior, more experienced staff than by those who are less experienced...
September 28, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103767/circulating-microrna-339-5p-and-21-in-plasma-as-an-early-detection-predictors-of-lung-adenocarcinoma
#12
Yongpan Sun, Hong Mei, Chuan Xu, Hongjun Tang, Wei Wei
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that differentially expressed miRs in body fluids can serve as biomarkers in non-invasive detection of the cancers. However, the clinical significance of plasma miRs in the diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma (LA) is still not clear. Therefore, we examined the LA-specific miRs in plasma, which could be utilized to diagnosis and monitor LA in routine clinical practice. METHODS: Twenty-eight LA cases and twenty-eight healthy controls were recruited to our study...
October 13, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097872/mitofusin-2-mediated-mitochondrial-ca-2-uptake-1-2-induced-liver-injury-in-rat-remote-ischemic-perconditioning-liver-transplantation-and-alpha-mouse-liver-12-hypoxia-cell-line-models
#13
Ruo-Peng Liang, Jun-Jun Jia, Jian-Hui Li, Ning He, Yan-Fei Zhou, Li Jiang, Tao Bai, Hai-Yang Xie, Lin Zhou, Yu-Ling Sun
AIM: To investigate the protective mechanism of mitofusin-2 (Mfn2) in rat remote ischemic perconditioning (RIC) models and revalidate it in alpha mouse liver-12 (AML-12) hypoxia cell lines. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups (n = 6 each): sham, orthotopic liver transplantation and RIC. After operation, blood samples were collected to test alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase. The liver lobes were harvested for histopathological examination, western blotting (WB) and quantitative real-time (qRT)-PCR...
October 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061717/identifying-people-with-a-learning-disability-an-advanced-search-for-general-practice
#14
Amy M Russell, Louise Bryant, Allan House
BACKGROUND: People with learning disabilities (LD) have poor physical and mental health when compared with the general population. They are also likely to find it more difficult than others to describe their symptoms adequately. It is therefore harder for healthcare workers to identify the health needs of those with learning disabilities, with the danger of some problems being left unrecognised. Practice registers record only a proportion of those who are eligible, making it difficult to target improvements in their health care...
October 23, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045826/a-cell-migration-tracking-tool-supports-coupling-of-tissue-rotation-to-elongation
#15
Dong-Yuan Chen, Justin Crest, David Bilder
Cell migration is indispensable to morphogenesis and homeostasis. Live imaging allows mechanistic insights, but long-term observation can alter normal biology, and tools to track movements in vivo without perturbation are lacking. We develop here a tool called M-TRAIL (matrix-labeling technique for real-time and inferred location), which reveals migration histories in fixed tissues. Using clones that overexpress GFP-tagged extracellular matrix (ECM) components, motility trajectories are mapped based on durable traces deposited onto basement membrane...
October 17, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033960/evaluation-of-the-cropsyst-model-during-wheat-maize-rotations-on-the-north-china-plain-for-identifying-soil-evaporation-losses
#16
Muhammad Umair, Yanjun Shen, Yongqing Qi, Yucui Zhang, Ayesha Ahmad, Hongwei Pei, Meiying Liu
The North China Plain (NCP) is a major grain production zone that plays a critical role in ensuring China's food supply. Irrigation is commonly used during grain production; however, the high annual water deficit [precipitation (P) minus evapotranspiration (ET)] in typical irrigated cropland does not support double cropping systems (such as maize and wheat) and this has resulted in the steep decline in the water table (~0.8 m year(-1) at the Luancheng station) that has taken place since the 1970s. The current study aimed to adapt and check the ability of the CropSyst model (Suite-4) to simulate actual evapotranspiration (ETa), biomass, and grain yield, and to identify major evaporation (E) losses from winter wheat (WW) and summer maize (SM) rotations...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033399/the-contribution-of-efficient-production-of-monozygotic-twins-to-beef-cattle-breeding
#17
Yutaka Hashiyada
Production of sires with high breeding potential is indispensable for prompt and reliable breeding using their semen in the cattle industry. Currently, in Japan, we aim to further the production of Japanese black sires via a new breeding system that uses genetically homologous monozygotic twins so that better growth performance and carcass traits can be translated to the increased production of beef with higher economic value. Several studies have reported that monozygotic twins are produced by embryo bisection...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989639/synthesis-of-reactive-and-covalent-polymeric-multilayer-coatings-with-durable-superoleophobic-and-superoleophilic-properties-under-water
#18
Dibyangana Parbat, Uttam Manna
Bioinspired underwater super-oil-wettability (superoleophilic/superoleophobic) properties are emerging as a potential avenue for developing smart materials for addressing issues related to healthcare, environment, energy, etc. However, the inherent poor durability of the materials that are mostly developed using polymeric hydrogel, metal oxide coatings and electrostatic multilayers often challenges the application of these wettability properties in practical scenarios. Here, 'amine-reactive' polymeric multilayers of nano-complex were developed to fabricate 'internal' underwater superoleophobic/superoleophilic coatings with impeccable physical/chemical durability...
September 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989098/phenotypic-evolution-in-marmoset-and-tamarin-monkeys-cebidae-callitrichinae-and-a-revised-genus-level-classification
#19
Guilherme S T Garbino, Antonio M G Martins-Junior
Marmosets and tamarins (Cebidae, Callitrichinae) constitute the most species-rich subfamily of New World monkeys and one of the most diverse phenotypically. Despite the profusion of molecular phylogenies of the group, the evolution of phenotypic characters under the rapidly-emerging consensual phylogeny of the subfamily has been little studied, resulting in taxonomic proposals that have limited support from other datasets. We examined the evolution of 18 phenotypic traits (5 continuous and 13 discrete), including pelage, skull, dentition, postcrania, life-history and vocalization variables in a robust molecular phylogeny of marmoset and tamarin monkeys, quantifying their phylogenetic signal and correlations among some of the traits...
October 6, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956415/patients%C3%A2-adaptation-strategies-for-colostomates-with-a-self-image-disturbance-after-a-month-of-surgery
#20
Foued Trabelsi, Saber Ben Abeljalil, Fethi Derbal, Iheb Bougmiza
BACKGROUND: the establishment of a colostomy is a difficult time for the patient since it undergoes physical, psychological and social changes resulting in the modification of the body self-image. Purpose and Framework : this study aims to identify adaptation strategies for colostomates who have a disturbance of self-image after a month of surgery depending on the Roy Adaptation Model. METHODS: a descriptive quantitative study was realized with a sample of 70 patients with colostomy in the department of surgery Farhat Hached and Sahloul Hospital in Sousse...
August 17, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
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