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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441232/atriobronchial-fistula-complicated-by-septic-cerebral-air-emboli-after-pulmonary-vein-ablation
#1
David Velghe, Thomas Apers, Stefanie Devriendt, Ivo Deblier, Bart Hendriks, Rogier Nieuwendijk, Peter Rogiers
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of an infected atriobronchial fistula as a late complication after pulmonary vein ablation, leading to septic air emboli and requiring urgent cardiac surgery. DATA SOURCES: Clinical observation. STUDY SELECTION: Case report. DATA EXTRACTION: Relevant clinical information. PubMed was searched for relevant literature. DATA SYNTHESIS: Given its high success and low complication rate, pulmonary vein isolation is expected to be increasingly performed worldwide...
April 22, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422958/modern-alongside-traditional-taxonomy-integrative-systematics-of-the-genera-gymnangium-hincks-1874-and-taxella-allman-1874-hydrozoa-aglaopheniidae
#2
Marta Ronowicz, Emilie Boissin, Bautisse Postaire, Chloé Annie-France Bourmaud, Nicole Gravier-Bonnet, Peter Schuchert
We studied the diversity within the former genus Gymnangium in the South West Indian Ocean by using an integrative approach of both traditional (morphology-based) and modern molecular taxonomy. Nine species were recorded in the material collected. A total of 97 16S mitochondrial DNA sequences and 54 Calmodulin nuclear sequences from eight Gymnangium/Taxella species were analyzed. We found both morphological and molecular differences in the studied Gymnangium species that make it necessary to split the genus...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399739/-revalidation-is-proving-beneficial
#3
(no author information available yet)
More than 200,000 nurses and midwives completed revalidation in its first 12 months.
April 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388488/genome-wide-identification-of-heat-stress-responsive-small-rnas-in-tall-fescue-festuca-arundinacea-by-high-throughput-sequencing
#4
Huiying Li, Tao Hu, Erick Amombo, Jinmin Fu
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play vital roles in the adaptive response of plants to various abiotic and biotic stresses. Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) is a major cool-season forage and turf grass species which is severely influenced by heat stress. To unravel possible heat stress-responsive miRNAs, high-throughput sequencing was employed for heat-tolerant PI578718 and heat-sensitive PI234881 genotypes growing in presence and absence of heat stress (40°C for 36h). By searching against the miRBase database, among 1421 reference monocotyledon miRNAs, more than 850 were identified in all samples...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374349/readability-of-orthopaedic-patient-reported-outcome-measures-is-there-a-fundamental-failure-to-communicate
#5
Jorge L Perez, Zachary A Mosher, Shawna L Watson, Evan D Sheppard, Eugene W Brabston, Gerald McGwin, Brent A Ponce
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are increasingly used to quantify patients' perceptions of functional ability. The American Medical Association and NIH suggest patient materials be written at or below 6th to 8th grade reading levels, respectively, yet one recent study asserts that few PROMs comply with these recommendations, and suggests that the majority of PROMs are written at too high of a reading level for self-administered patient use. Notably, this study was limited in its use of only one readability algorithm, although there is no commonly accepted, standard readability algorithm for healthcare-related materials...
April 3, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359563/training-education-accreditation-and-professional-development-in-surgery-in-europe-the-perspective-of-the-european-union-of-medical-specialist-uems
#6
Vassilios Papalois
The European Union of Medical Specialists, founded in 1958, is the largest and oldest european medical organization. It includes 39 member states (of the European Union and others), and represents a total of 1.600.000 medical specialists. The main objective of the UEMS is to influence european healthcare politics by promoting the interests of the european medical specialists, establishing high standards in practice and training, as well as continuing medical education and professional development, and guaranteeing quality in specialist practice...
March 27, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336422/nomenclatural-stability-does-not-justify-recognition-of-paraphyletic-taxa-a-response-to-scherz-et-al-2016
#7
Pedro L V Peloso, Christopher J Raxworthy, Ward C Wheeler, Darrel R Frost
Peloso et al. (2015: PELOSO) published a comprehensive phylogenetic study of the frog family Microhylidae, which resulted in the discovery that several taxa were not monophyletic. To remedy this, a series of nomenclatural changes were proposed (several generic synonymies and two new subfamilies named). A recent study published in this journal by Scherz et al. (2016: SCHERZ), provided a novel phylogeny for the Malagasy subfamily Cophylinae. SCHERZ dispute the analyses and taxonomic conclusions of PELOSO. Their study is, however, based on substantial reduction of data from the PELOSO study, limited addition of new data, and different analytical methods...
March 20, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331412/a-review-of-the-pseudobarbus-afer-peters-1864-species-complex-teleostei-cyprinidae-in-the-eastern-cape-fold-ecoregion-of-south-africa
#8
Albert Chakona, Paul H Skelton
The Eastern Cape redfin, Pseudobarbus afer, has long been considered to be a single widespread and variable species occurring in multiple isolated river systems in the Cape Fold Ecoregion (CFE) at the southern tip of Africa. Mitochondrial cytochrome b and control region sequence data of individuals from populations currently assigned to Pseudobarbus afer across the species' distribution range revealed existence of four deeply divergent taxonomic units: (i) the Mandela lineage confined to the Sundays, Swartkops and Baakens river systems, (ii) the Krom lineage endemic to the Krom River system, (iii) the St Francis lineage occurring in the Gamtoos and adjacent river systems, and (iv) the Forest lineage occurring in several coastal river systems from the Tsitsikamma to the Klein Brak River system...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327040/revalidation-1-year-on
#9
Erin Dean
Almost a third of nurses have now been through the Nursing and Midwifery Council's long-planned revalidation process, which requires every nurse and midwife to demonstrate that they are practising safely and effectively.
March 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322006/aspiration-and-dysphagia-screening-in-acute-stroke-the-gugging-swallowing-screen-revisited
#10
T Warnecke, S Im, C Kaiser, C Hamacher, S Oelenberg, R Dziewas
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Gugging Swallowing Screen (GUSS) is a tool to screen aspiration risk in acute stroke. We aimed to replicate its validity in a larger second cohort of patients with acute stroke, including the more severe with a National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) ≥ 15. METHODS: In a prospective, double-blind design, the GUSS was validated with the Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing scale. Patients were categorized into different stroke severities as assessed by the NIHSS, and the diagnostic properties were calculated separately for each subgroup...
April 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306707/severity-of-illness-index-for-surgical-departments-in-a-cuban-hospital-a-revalidation-study
#11
Amadys Armas-Bencomo, Teddy Osmin Tamargo-Barbeito, Edelberto Fuentes-Valdés, Rosa Eugenia Jiménez-Paneque
INTRODUCTION: In the context of the evaluation of hospital services, the incorporation of severity indices allows an essential control variable for performance comparisons in time and space through risk adjustment. The severity index for surgical services was developed in 1999 and validated as a general index for surgical services. Sixteen years later the hospital context is different in many ways and a revalidation was considered necessary to guarantee its current usefulness. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity and reliability of the surgical services severity index to warrant its reasonable use under current conditions...
March 8, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291024/pavlik-harness-treatment-for-pathological-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-meeting-the-standard
#12
Qaisar Choudry, Robin W Paton
In the UK, the Pavlik harness is generally the accepted treatment technique for the treatment of neonatal and infant pathological developmental dysplasia of the hip. In 2013, the success rate of the Pavlik harness became an outcome measure from the British Society of Children's Orthopaedic Surgery for appraisal and revalidation with the GMC for paediatric orthopaedic surgery. The standard set requires an 80% success rate, with less than 20% requiring surgery. This study evaluated the outcomes of Pavlik harness treatment in neonates/infants with 'pathological hips' diagnosed by ultrasound imaging in a district general hospital setting...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264401/additions-and-corrections-to-the-systematics-of-mayfly-species-assigned-to-the-genus-i-callibaetis-i-eaton-1881-ephemeroptera-baetidae-from-south-america
#13
Paulo Vilela Cruz, Frederico Falcão Salles, Neusa Hamada
Due to historical taxonomic impediments, species of Callibaetis Eaton are difficult to identify. Recent studies have attempted to resolve this problem, although many species still lack complete descriptions; nymphs of several species remain undetermined; and type specimens are lost or poorly known. Given these hindrances, the aim of this study is to review some of the type specimens of Callibaetis from South America. This review provides a series of taxonomic additions and corrections supported by improved morphological evaluations, illustrations and photographs of Callibaetis camposi Navás, C...
February 13, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251630/obstetric-risk-score-revalidated-for-triaging-high-risk-pregnancies-in-rural-areas
#14
Michael D Humphrey, Katie F Foxcroft, Leonie K Callaway
BACKGROUND: A pregnancy risk score system in popular use in provincial and rural Queensland to assist with the triage decisions regarding the appropriate facility for pregnancy care has been upgraded with more recently recognised pregnancy risk factors. AIMS: To review the usefulness of the revised pregnancy risk score system and the integrity of its continuing use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 459 women attending regional/rural hospitals and 1963 women attending a major specialist hospital for their pregnancy care had a prospective risk score assessed, and the resulting score was examined in relationship to pregnancy outcomes...
February 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228396/case-of-a-cerebral-abscess-caused-by-porphyromonas-gingivalis-in-a-subject-with-periodontitis
#15
Frederic Van der Cruyssen, Koenraad Grisar, Honorine Maes, Constantinus Politis
We report the case of a 65-year-old man presenting with generalised seizures after developing a right frontal brain abscess. Stereotactic aspiration and subsequent matrix assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight analyzer (MALDI-TOF) spectrometry revealed Porphyromonas gingivalis as the only causative anaerobe microorganism. Secondary incision and drainage was required due to neurological deterioration with increased dimensions of the abscess, intracranial pressure and formation of a subdural occipitoparietal empyema...
February 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222956/evaluating-target-volume-delineation-in-the-era-of-precision-radiotherapy-frcr-revalidation-and-beyond
#16
EDITORIAL
S Gwynne, D Gilson, J Dickson, S McAleer, G Radhakrishna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217560/core-shell-in-liquid-chromatography-application-for-determining-sulphonamides-in-feed-and-meat-using-conventional-chromatographic-systems
#17
Antonio Armentano, Simona Summa, Sonia Lo Magro, Pasquale D'Antini, Carmen Palermo, Marilena Muscarella
A C18 column packed with core-shell particles was used for the chromatographic separation of sulphonamides in feed and meat by a conventional high performance liquid chromatography system coupled with a diode array detector. Two analytical methods, already used in our laboratory, have been modified without any changes in the extraction and clean-up steps and in the liquid chromatography instrumentation. Chromatographic conditions applied on a traditional 5-µm column have been optimized on a column packed with 2...
September 20, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196952/revalidation-and-quality-assurance-the-application-of-the-musiq-framework-in-independent-verification-visits-to-healthcare-organisations
#18
Ann Griffin, Alex McKeown, Rowena Viney, Antonia Rich, Trevor Welland, Irene Gafson, Katherine Woolf
OBJECTIVES: We present a national evaluation of the impact of independent verification visits (IVVs) performed by National Health Service (NHS) England as part of quality assuring medical revalidation. Organisational visits are central to NHS quality assurance. They are costly, yet little empirical research evidence exists concerning their impact, and what does exist is conflicting. SETTING: The focus was on healthcare providers in the NHS (in secondary care) and private sector across England, who were designated bodies (DBs)...
February 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193535/the-utility-of-nurse-managed-extracorporeal-life-support-in-an-adult%C3%A2-cardiac-intensive-care-unit
#19
Amy E Hackmann, Luke M Wiggins, Glenn P Grimes, Richard M Fogel, Felicia A Schenkel, Mark L Barr, Michael E Bowdish, Mark J Cunningham, Vaughn A Starnes
BACKGROUND: The use of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) worldwide has increased exponentially since 2009. The patient requiring ECLS demands an investment of hospital resources, including personnel. Educating bedside nurses to manage ECLS circuits broadens the availability of trained providers. METHODS: Experienced cardiothoracic intensive care unit (CTICU) nurses underwent training to manage ECLS circuits, including volume assessment, treatment of arterial blood gas values, the physiology of ECLS, and recognition of common emergencies...
February 10, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183121/on-the-taxonomy-of-southern-south-american-species-of-the-wolf-spider-genus-i-allocosa-i-araneae-lycosidae-allocosinae
#20
Miguel Simó, Arno A Lise, Gabriel Pompozzi, Álvaro Laborda
Three species of the genus Allocosa Banks, 1900 from southern South America are redescribed: Allocosa alticeps (Mello-Leitão, 1944), A. brasiliensis (Petrunkevitch, 1910) and A. senex (Mello-Leitão, 1945). The female of A. senex is described for the first time and the species is revalidated. A new species, A. marindia sp. nov. from southern Uruguay and southern Brazil is described. The new species is distinguished by the flattened terminal apophysis of the male bulb and the conspicuous pointed projections on the posterior margin of the female epigynum...
January 6, 2017: Zootaxa
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