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Mario Cupello
In this work, it is explained why previous authors who considered that Canthidium lentum Erichson, 1947 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) was fixed as the type species of Canthidium Erichson, 1847 in Robert Lucas' 1920 catalogue of Coleoptera genera were mistaken. Instead, the first authors to designate a type species for Canthidium were Martínez et al. in 1964, who designated C. thalassinum Erichson, 1847. Since both species are currently placed in different subgenera, the subgeneric classication must change: Eucanthidium Halffter Martínez, 1986 is a new junior synonym of Canthidium, while the subgenus previously considered to be Canthidium (Canthidium) is changed to Canthidium (Neocanthidium) Martínez et al...
March 6, 2018: Zootaxa
AndrÉ Marsola Giroti, Antonio Domingos Brescovit
The spider genus Ariadna Audouin, 1826 currently comprises 102 of 127 described species of Segestriidae. Its distribution comprises all continents (except Antarctica), but it is mostly found on the tropical and subtropical regions. We present a comprehensive taxonomic revision of Ariadna in the American continent, including 2,519 specimens (i.e., type and non-type) from 30 arachnological collections. We present 31 nominal species, among which eight species are new to the science: Ariadna reginae n. sp. from Central America; Ariadna aurea n...
March 26, 2018: Zootaxa
Amazonas Chagas-Jr
Five Newportia species with a claw-shaped pretarsus of the ultimate legs are revised. Newportia amazonica Brolemann, 1904, N. unguifer Chamberlin, 1921, and N. pilosa González-Sponga, 1997 are redescribed; N. tetraspinae González-Sponga, 1997 is considered to be a junior synonym of N. unguifer, and N. guaiquinimensis González-Sponga, 2000 is considered to be a junior synonym of N. pilosa. All synonyms proposed are based on the structure of ultimate legs. The subgenus Newportides is revalidated based on the presence of claw-shaped pretarsus of ultimate legs...
April 3, 2018: Zootaxa
Ulziijargal Bayarsaikhan, Karol Bucsek, Yang-Seop Bae
Eugoa Walker (Arctiinae, Lithosiini) from Cambodia is reviewed. The genus counts with 20 species in this country, including Eugoa arguta Bayarsaikhan Bae, n. sp., and three newly recorded species, E. vasta van Eecke, 1920, rest. comb., E. formosicola (Matsumura, 1927), n. st. and E. kuznetzovi Dubatolov Bucsek, 2016. Besides our revalidation of Eugoa bipunctata formosicola as a valid species, it was also discovered to have a synonym: E. cesaneki Bucsek, 2008 n. syn. Moreover, females of E. lucea Bucsek, 2012, E...
April 5, 2018: Zootaxa
Antonio Santos-Silva, Maria Helena M Galileo, Jim Mcclarin
Sparna Thomson, 1864 and Carterica Pascoe, 1858 are divided into seven genera: Sparna, Carterica, Francisparna gen. nov., Batesparna gen. nov., Allocarterica gen. nov., Piriana gen. nov., Miguellus gen. nov., and Confluentia gen. nov. From the species currently placed in Sparna, only S. lycoides Thomson, 1864 is maintained in the genus, and only Carterica mucronata (Olivier, 1795) is considered a true Carterica. Sparna bosqi Gilmour, 1954 is revalidated and included in a new genus. The following new species are described: Sparna tavakiliani, from Colombia; Piriana birai, and P...
April 9, 2018: Zootaxa
Xin-Ran Li, Li-Li Wang, Zong-Qing Wang
The taxonomic records of Chinese perisphaerine cockroaches were scattered in literature, and therefore a dedicated study is desired to update our knowledge. This paper reviews the subfamilial diagnosis and Chinese species, mostly from southwestern China. We provide high-definition habitus photos and drawings, the latter emphasizes the genitalia of both sexes, which are generalized with diagrams, abstracted from specimens examined. A total of 18 species are recorded in four genera, including Perisphaerus, or pill cockroach, the type genus of the subfamily...
April 17, 2018: Zootaxa
Medhat I Abul-Sood, Neveen S Gadallah, Mohammed T Hossni, GÉrard Delvare
The Cratocentrinae (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae) of the West Palaearctic region are reviewed. A reappraisal of the morphological characters used for their recognition and phylogeny is provided as is a key to separate the genera and species of the region. Their distribution in the West Palaearctic is updated and the subfamily is reported for the first time in Europe. Cratocentrus inermus Delvare sp. nov. and Philocentrus papillus Abul-Sood Gadallah sp. nov. are described. A neotype is designated for Philocentrus argenteopilosus (Cameron), which is revalidated and transferred to Philocentrus comb...
February 5, 2018: Zootaxa
Alexey V Shavrin
The lestevoides species group of the genus Geodromicus Redtenbacher, 1857 is erected. Seventeen species of the group from the East Asia, including G. smetanai sp. n. (Sichuan, China), are reviewed and keyed. Geodromicus iburinus (Watanabe, 1990) and G. nipponensis (Watanabe, 1990) are revalidated; G. hermani (Watanabe, 1991) syn.n. is synonymized with G. nipponensis (Watanabe, 1990); G. kirschenblati Tichomirova, 1973 is resynonymized with G. sibiricus Bernhauer, 1915; lectotypes for G. chinensis Bernhauer, 1938 and G...
February 7, 2018: Zootaxa
Christian R GonzÁlez, Mario Elgueta, Francisco Ramirez
A catalog of the Acroceridae from Chile is provided. All valid names and synonyms are presented, totaling 33 species and nine genera for the country. All references known to us from the taxonomic and biological literature, including information about name, author, year of publication, page number, type species, type locality and references are given. Type material of different authors was revised. The species Lasia cuprea is revalidated. The geographical distribution of the different species is recorded from the revised collections and bibliographic data...
January 18, 2018: Zootaxa
Bert Kohlmann, Alfonsina Arriaga-Jiménez, Matthias Rös
An analysis of vicariant speciation of Geotrupes and Phanaeus (Coleoptera, Geotrupidae, Scarabaeidae) from the mountains of Oaxaca, Mexico is undertaken. The new species of dung beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) from Oaxaca, Mexico, Phanaeus dionysius sp. n. is described. Photos of the habitus and a distribution map are provided. Phanaeus malyi Arnaud is revalidated. An updated key for the Phanaeus endymion species group and new localities are also presented. An updated key for the Geotrupes of Oaxaca and new locality records are also submitted...
2018: ZooKeys
Nadine Attal, Didier Bouhassira, Ralf Baron
Neuropathic pain-pain caused by a lesion or disease of the somatosensory nervous system-is underdiagnosed and difficult to treat. However, development of easy-to-use questionnaires based mainly on self-reports of symptoms has improved diagnosis and management. Two types of questionnaires (screening and assessment) have been validated, and rapidly translated and revalidated in several languages, probably because of their simplicity. Screening questionnaires help clinicians to identify neuropathic pain easily, particularly in patients with complex medical conditions (eg, spinal cord injury)...
March 26, 2018: Lancet Neurology
Vicki Cope, Melanie Murray
Nurses are increasingly using professional portfolios as a way to maintain evidence of their learning and reflection, and to demonstrate that they have met their professional requirements. A portfolio can assist nurses to store and manage their revalidation or reregistration documents in one place, so that these can be easily updated and produced when required, for example in performance reviews and job applications. All nurses are required to undertake continuing professional development activities to maintain, update and improve their knowledge and practice, and they can use their portfolio to document these activities...
March 21, 2018: Nursing Standard
Clifford Dieppe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
Sharon E Culliton, Dianne M Bryant, Steven J MacDonald, Kathryn M Hibbert, Bert M Chesworth
BACKGROUND: In 2012, a new Knee Society Knee Scoring System (KSS) was developed and validated to address the needs for a scoring system that better encompasses the expectations, satisfaction, and physical involvement of a younger, more active population of patients undergoing TKA. Revalidating this tool in a separate population by individuals other than the developers of the scoring system seems important, because such replication would tend to confirm the generalizability of this tool...
January 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Vikas H Malojirao, V Vigneshwaran, Prabhu Thirusangu, Riaz Mahmood, B T Prabhakar
Aim Deformity in the cellular homeostatic event associated with cell survival and apoptosis are committing factors for carcinogenesis. Interventions of these events by pharmacologically active agent gain predominance in cancer treatment. In current investigation Solanidine, a steroidal alkaloid was evaluated on tumorigenesis by targeting death signal using multiple tumor cells and model systems. MAIN METHODS: Anti-proliferative effect was evaluated using cytotoxic studies. Prolonged cytotoxic effect of Solanidine was examined by colony formation assay...
March 7, 2018: Life Sciences
Rosemary M Lanlehin
In April 2016 the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) introduced a new revalidation continuous professional development (CPD) policy. This policy states that revalidation is the responsibility of nurses, and although employers are urged to support the revalidation process, the NMC clearly states that employers have no legal requirement to provide either time or funds for the CPD activities of nurses and midwives (NMC, 2014, 2016; Royal College of Nursing, 2016). The aim of this professional development policy is to ensure that nurses and midwives maintain their professional competency and to promote public safety and confidence in nurses and midwives...
February 6, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Marin Ježić, Jelena Mlinarec, Rosemary Vuković, Zorana Katanić, Ljiljana Krstin, Lucija Nuskern, Igor Poljak, Marilena Idžojtić, Mirta Tkalec, Mirna Curkovic-Perica
Invasive species, especially plant pathogens have a potential to completely eradicate native plant species and remodel landscapes. Tripartite interaction among sweet chestnut, Castanea sativa, chestnut blight-causing invasive fungus, Cryphonectria parasitica, and a hyperparasitic virus, Cryphonectria parasitica hypovirus 1 (CHV1) were studied in two populations. The number of different vegetative compatibility (vc) types of C. parasitica more than doubled over the ten years, while the hypovirulence incidence dropped in one population, and slightly increased in the other one...
February 14, 2018: Phytopathology
Doreen Crawford
Fluid requirements differ between infants and children. It is important for children's nurses to understand the principles of fluid mechanics and apply this understanding to ensure each child's state of hydration, and thereby preserve their safety and well-being. This two-part article aims to introduce the concept of fluid balance and electrolytes to children's nursing students, help them identify what is normal and what is not, and provide guidance on what actions should be taken when problems occur. It may also be useful for registered nurses to use for revalidation...
February 7, 2018: Nursing Children and Young People
Duong Duc Pham, Jeong Hoon Lee, Ka Yul Kim, Ji Yeon Song, Ji Eun Kim, Chae Hun Leem
Although our previously developed anthropometry-based calculation of heat capacity (HC) for adults appeared to be precise and valid, its use in children and adolescents may be associated with bias. This study investigated a large dataset from the Size Korea survey, a national anthropometric survey conducted in 2010, to revalidate our previous HC equation and to develop another one that is appropriate for children and adolescents. We enrolled 12,766 participants aged 7-69 years with body composition data measured by multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis...
February 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Nikos Malliaropoulos, Shaan Rachid, Vasileios Korakakis, Stephen Andrew Fraser, Georgios Bikos, Nicola Maffulli, Manuela Angioi
Background: No investigation has analysed the RWL approaches since new rules by the International Judo Federation (IJF) regarding weigh-ins have been implemented in international competitions in 2014. The current study analyses the prevalence, most common methods and knowledge surrounding the effects of rapid weight loss (RWL) amongst adult UK judo athletes. Additionally, it examines differences in rapid weight loss behaviour (RWLB) between gender, weight-class, competitive level, age RWL began and "high"/"low" knowledge athletes...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
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