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Alberto Sánchez-Vialas, Marta Calvo-Revuelta, Santiago Castroviejo-Fisher, Ignacio De la Riva
The taxon Petropedetes newtonii was described in 1895 by Bocage, from Bioko Island (Equatorial Guinea). This taxon, whose holotype is lost, has been misidentified since Boulenger's revision of the genus in 1900 and its relationships with other taxa ( P. vulpiae and P. johnstoni ) is confusing. Currently, P. newtonii is considered a synonym of P. johnstoni . In this work, by revising morphological characters of non-webbed Petropedetes of Bioko, we demonstrate the morphological singularity of these specimens with respect to P...
2018: ZooKeys
Margaret McCartney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 29, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Niall Cameron
Appraisal offers an opportunity for both the clinician and the employer to demonstrate commitment to their professional responsibilities in a tangible manner that can benefit patients, the individual clinician and the service. One unintentional consequence of revalidation may have been to foster a belief that it has undermined the educational and developmental aspects of appraisal. The objective of promoting transparency and accountability through revalidation may have led some clinicians to feel they work in a culture of greater scrutiny and assessment, leading to an erosion of their engagement with the process...
May 28, 2018: Education for Primary Care
Márcio Roberto Teixeira Nunes, William Marciel de Souza, Gustavo Olszanski Acrani, Jedson Ferreira Cardoso, Sandro Patroca da Silva, Soraya Jabur Badra, Luiz Tadeu Moraes Figueiredo, Pedro Fernando da Costa Vasconcelos
Group C serogroup includes members of the Orthobunyavirus genus (family Peribunyaviridae) and comprises 15 arboviruses that can be associated with febrile illness in humans. Although previous studies described the genome characterization of Group C orthobunyavirus, there is a gap in genomic information about the other viruses in this group. Therefore, in this study, complete genomes of members of Group C serogroup were sequenced or re-sequenced and used for genetic characterization, as well as to understand their phylogenetic and evolutionary aspects...
2018: PloS One
Carolin Sehlbach, Marjan J B Govaerts, Sharon Mitchell, Gernot G U Rohde, Frank W J M Smeenk, Erik W Driessen
PURPOSE: National physician validation systems aim to ensure lifelong learning through periodic appraisals of physicians' competence. Their effectiveness is determined by physicians' acceptance of and commitment to the system. This study, therefore, sought to explore physicians' perceptions and self-reported acceptance of validation across three different physician validation systems in Europe. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a constructivist grounded-theory approach, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 32 respiratory specialists from three countries with markedly different validation systems: Germany, which has a mandatory, credit-based system oriented to continuing professional development; Denmark, with mandatory annual dialogs and ensuing, non-compulsory activities; and the UK, with a mandatory, portfolio-based revalidation system...
May 24, 2018: Medical Teacher
Yvonne Wells, Jamie Lee, Xia Li, Evelyn S Tan, Jennifer E McIntosh
Conflicted parental separation is associated with escalating risks to wellbeing and safety for all family members. The Family Law DOORS (FL-DOORS, Detection Of Overall Risk Screen) is a three-part framework designed to assist frontline workers to identify, evaluate, and respond to these risks in separated families. The FL-DOORS system includes a 10-domain parent self-report screening measure, covering child and parent wellbeing, cultural and social risks, and safety risks experienced by and initiated by each parent...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Jader de Oliveira, José Manuel Ayala, Silvia Andrade Justi, João Aristeu da Rosa, Cleber Galvão
Nesotriatoma confusa sp. nov. (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae) is described based on specimens from Cuba. From one male, one female, and eleven nymphs of a then-undescribed species of Nesotriatoma collected in Cuba, a colony was formed and its specimens were used to describe N. confusa sp. nov. Characters were observed on the head, thorax, abdomen, female external genitalia, and male genitalia with optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. We concluded that N. bruneri (Usinger, ) was indeed a synonym of N...
June 2018: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
Ittai Renan, Thorsten Assmann, Amnon Freidberg
The south-west Palaearctic Graphipterus serrator group is revised. The systematic concept of the G. serrator group has undergone many changes during the last two centuries, and several different classifications have been published in recent decades. Here, the numerical taxonomy approach is used with the morphological characterization similarity level of the sympatric taxa in order to delimit allopatrically occurring taxa at the species and subspecies level. A key to the species and distribution maps are provided along with analyses of the conservation status and habitat preferences of the taxa...
2018: ZooKeys
Bethaney Squirrell, Jane Hunt
Reflection is integral to professional revalidation and enhancing nursing practice; it is an art and a science to be learned. Learning the art of reflection begins as a student in clinical placement settings. Drawing on a reflective model, this article presents an account of one second-year children's nursing student's experiences in a community-based placement with a school nursing team. A school nurse appointment was reflected on where advice was offered to a 13-year-old student with sleep difficulties, low affect and lethargy, which included avoiding caffeinated drinks, reducing use of a laptop and mobile phone before going to sleep, and establishing a regular bedtime routine...
May 3, 2018: Nursing Children and Young People
Gareth Iacobucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Mario Cupello
In this work, it is explained why previous authors who considered that Canthidium lentum Erichson, 1947 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) was fixed as the type species of Canthidium Erichson, 1847 in Robert Lucas' 1920 catalogue of Coleoptera genera were mistaken. Instead, the first authors to designate a type species for Canthidium were Martínez et al. in 1964, who designated C. thalassinum Erichson, 1847. Since both species are currently placed in different subgenera, the subgeneric classication must change: Eucanthidium Halffter Martínez, 1986 is a new junior synonym of Canthidium, while the subgenus previously considered to be Canthidium (Canthidium) is changed to Canthidium (Neocanthidium) Martínez et al...
March 6, 2018: Zootaxa
AndrÉ Marsola Giroti, Antonio Domingos Brescovit
The spider genus Ariadna Audouin, 1826 currently comprises 102 of 127 described species of Segestriidae. Its distribution comprises all continents (except Antarctica), but it is mostly found on the tropical and subtropical regions. We present a comprehensive taxonomic revision of Ariadna in the American continent, including 2,519 specimens (i.e., type and non-type) from 30 arachnological collections. We present 31 nominal species, among which eight species are new to the science: Ariadna reginae n. sp. from Central America; Ariadna aurea n...
March 26, 2018: Zootaxa
Amazonas Chagas
Five Newportia species with a claw-shaped pretarsus of the ultimate legs are revised. Newportia amazonica Brolemann, 1904, N. unguifer Chamberlin, 1921, and N. pilosa González-Sponga, 1997 are redescribed; N. tetraspinae González-Sponga, 1997 is considered to be a junior synonym of N. unguifer, and N. guaiquinimensis González-Sponga, 2000 is considered to be a junior synonym of N. pilosa. All synonyms proposed are based on the structure of ultimate legs. The subgenus Newportides is revalidated based on the presence of claw-shaped pretarsus of ultimate legs...
April 3, 2018: Zootaxa
Ulziijargal Bayarsaikhan, Karol Bucsek, Yang-Seop Bae
Eugoa Walker (Arctiinae, Lithosiini) from Cambodia is reviewed. The genus counts with 20 species in this country, including Eugoa arguta Bayarsaikhan Bae, n. sp., and three newly recorded species, E. vasta van Eecke, 1920, rest. comb., E. formosicola (Matsumura, 1927), n. st. and E. kuznetzovi Dubatolov Bucsek, 2016. Besides our revalidation of Eugoa bipunctata formosicola as a valid species, it was also discovered to have a synonym: E. cesaneki Bucsek, 2008 n. syn. Moreover, females of E. lucea Bucsek, 2012, E...
April 5, 2018: Zootaxa
Antonio Santos-Silva, Maria Helena M Galileo, Jim Mcclarin
Sparna Thomson, 1864 and Carterica Pascoe, 1858 are divided into seven genera: Sparna, Carterica, Francisparna gen. nov., Batesparna gen. nov., Allocarterica gen. nov., Piriana gen. nov., Miguellus gen. nov., and Confluentia gen. nov. From the species currently placed in Sparna, only S. lycoides Thomson, 1864 is maintained in the genus, and only Carterica mucronata (Olivier, 1795) is considered a true Carterica. Sparna bosqi Gilmour, 1954 is revalidated and included in a new genus. The following new species are described: Sparna tavakiliani, from Colombia; Piriana birai, and P...
April 9, 2018: Zootaxa
Xin-Ran Li, Li-Li Wang, Zong-Qing Wang
The taxonomic records of Chinese perisphaerine cockroaches were scattered in literature, and therefore a dedicated study is desired to update our knowledge. This paper reviews the subfamilial diagnosis and Chinese species, mostly from southwestern China. We provide high-definition habitus photos and drawings, the latter emphasizes the genitalia of both sexes, which are generalized with diagrams, abstracted from specimens examined. A total of 18 species are recorded in four genera, including Perisphaerus, or pill cockroach, the type genus of the subfamily...
April 17, 2018: Zootaxa
Medhat I Abul-Sood, Neveen S Gadallah, Mohammed T Hossni, GÉrard Delvare
The Cratocentrinae (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae) of the West Palaearctic region are reviewed. A reappraisal of the morphological characters used for their recognition and phylogeny is provided as is a key to separate the genera and species of the region. Their distribution in the West Palaearctic is updated and the subfamily is reported for the first time in Europe. Cratocentrus inermus Delvare sp. nov. and Philocentrus papillus Abul-Sood Gadallah sp. nov. are described. A neotype is designated for Philocentrus argenteopilosus (Cameron), which is revalidated and transferred to Philocentrus comb...
February 5, 2018: Zootaxa
Alexey V Shavrin
The lestevoides species group of the genus Geodromicus Redtenbacher, 1857 is erected. Seventeen species of the group from the East Asia, including G. smetanai sp. n. (Sichuan, China), are reviewed and keyed. Geodromicus iburinus (Watanabe, 1990) and G. nipponensis (Watanabe, 1990) are revalidated; G. hermani (Watanabe, 1991) syn.n. is synonymized with G. nipponensis (Watanabe, 1990); G. kirschenblati Tichomirova, 1973 is resynonymized with G. sibiricus Bernhauer, 1915; lectotypes for G. chinensis Bernhauer, 1938 and G...
February 7, 2018: Zootaxa
Christian R GonzÁlez, Mario Elgueta, Francisco Ramirez
A catalog of the Acroceridae from Chile is provided. All valid names and synonyms are presented, totaling 33 species and nine genera for the country. All references known to us from the taxonomic and biological literature, including information about name, author, year of publication, page number, type species, type locality and references are given. Type material of different authors was revised. The species Lasia cuprea is revalidated. The geographical distribution of the different species is recorded from the revised collections and bibliographic data...
January 18, 2018: Zootaxa
Bert Kohlmann, Alfonsina Arriaga-Jiménez, Matthias Rös
An analysis of vicariant speciation of Geotrupes and Phanaeus (Coleoptera, Geotrupidae, Scarabaeidae) from the mountains of Oaxaca, Mexico is undertaken. The new species of dung beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) from Oaxaca, Mexico, Phanaeus dionysius sp. n. is described. Photos of the habitus and a distribution map are provided. Phanaeus malyi Arnaud is revalidated. An updated key for the Phanaeus endymion species group and new localities are also presented. An updated key for the Geotrupes of Oaxaca and new locality records are also submitted...
2018: ZooKeys
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