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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442579/changes-in-cryphonectria-parasitica-populations-affects-natural-biological-control-of-chestnut-blight
#1
Marin Ježić, Jelena Mlinarec, Rosemary Vuković, Zorana Katanić, Ljiljana Krstin, Lucija Nuskern, Igor Poljak, Marilena Idžojtić, Mirta Tkalec, Mirna Curkovic-Perica
Invasive species, especially plant pathogens have a potential to completely eradicate native plant species and remodel landscapes. Tripartite interaction among sweet chestnut, Castanea sativa, chestnut blight-causing invasive fungus, Cryphonectria parasitica, and a hyperparasitic virus, Cryphonectria parasitica hypovirus 1 (CHV1) were studied in two populations. The number of different vegetative compatibility (vc) types of C. parasitica more than doubled over the ten years, while the hypovirulence incidence dropped in one population, and slightly increased in the other one...
February 14, 2018: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412539/understanding-fluid-homeostasis-in-infants-and-children-part-1
#2
Doreen Crawford
Fluid requirements differ between infants and children. It is important for children's nurses to understand the principles of fluid mechanics and apply this understanding to ensure each child's state of hydration, and thereby preserve their safety and well-being. This two-part article aims to introduce the concept of fluid balance and electrolytes to children's nursing students, help them identify what is normal and what is not, and provide guidance on what actions should be taken when problems occur. It may also be useful for registered nurses to use for revalidation...
February 7, 2018: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410474/anthropometry-based-estimation-of-body-heat-capacity-in-individuals-aged-7-69-years-the-size-korea-survey-2010
#3
Duong Duc Pham, Jeong Hoon Lee, Ka Yul Kim, Ji Yeon Song, Ji Eun Kim, Chae Hun Leem
Although our previously developed anthropometry-based calculation of heat capacity (HC) for adults appeared to be precise and valid, its use in children and adolescents may be associated with bias. This study investigated a large dataset from the Size Korea survey, a national anthropometric survey conducted in 2010, to revalidate our previous HC equation and to develop another one that is appropriate for children and adolescents. We enrolled 12,766 participants aged 7-69 years with body composition data measured by multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis...
February 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387639/prevalence-techniques-and-knowledge-of-rapid-weight-loss-amongst-adult-british-judo-athletes-a-questionnaire-based-study
#4
Nikos Malliaropoulos, Shaan Rachid, Vasileios Korakakis, Stephen Andrew Fraser, Georgios Bikos, Nicola Maffulli, Manuela Angioi
Background: No investigation has analysed the RWL approaches since new rules by the International Judo Federation (IJF) regarding weigh-ins have been implemented in international competitions in 2014. The current study analyses the prevalence, most common methods and knowledge surrounding the effects of rapid weight loss (RWL) amongst adult UK judo athletes. Additionally, it examines differences in rapid weight loss behaviour (RWLB) between gender, weight-class, competitive level, age RWL began and "high"/"low" knowledge athletes...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379295/validation-of-open-heart-intraoperative-risk-score-to-predict-a-prolonged-intensive-care-unit-stay-for-adult-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-with-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#5
Sirirat Tribuddharat, Thepakorn Sathitkarnmanee, Kriangsak Ngamsaengsirisup, Chawalit Wongbuddha
Background: A prolonged stay in an intensive care unit (ICU) after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) increases the cost of care as well as morbidity and mortality. Several predictive models aim at identifying patients at risk of prolonged ICU stay after cardiac surgery with CPB, but almost all of them involve a preoperative assessment for proper resource management, while one - the Open-Heart Intraoperative Risk (OHIR) score - focuses on intra-operative manipulatable risk factors for improving anesthetic care and patient outcome...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370793/cross-validation-of-a-learning-climate-instrument-in-a-non-western-postgraduate-clinical-environment
#6
Jaime L Pacifico, Cees P M van der Vleuten, Arno M M Muijtjens, Erlyn A Sana, Sylvia Heeneman
BACKGROUND: In postgraduate training, there is a need to continuously assess the learning and working conditions to optimize learning. Students or trainees respond to the learning climate as they perceive it. The Dutch Residency Educational Climate Test (D-RECT) is a learning climate measurement tool with well-substantiated validity. However, it was originally designed for Dutch postgraduate trainees and it remains to be shown whether extrapolation to non-Western settings is viable. The dual objective of this study was to revalidate D-RECT outside of a Western setting and to evaluate the factor structure of a recently revised version of the D-RECT containing 35 items...
January 25, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367921/revalidation-of-synonymy-between-nesotriatoma-flavida-and-n-bruneri-hemiptera-reduviidae-triatominae
#7
Oscar Páez-Rondón, Fernando Otálora-Luna, Elis Aldana
Background: We analyzed the external morphology and the external male genitalia of specimens of Nesotriatoma flavida of a laboratory colony founded with specimens from Guanahacabiles in Pinar del Río Province in the west of Cuba in 1980. This species was at first identified as different from N. bruneri and then later considered synonymous. Methods: We proposed to revise the morphological characters with which these species were considered as different and then later synonymous, such as the fossula spongiosa or spongy grooves, length of the first antenna segment, relationship length of eye to interocular distance, the form of the phallosome, phallosome support, and the endosome processes...
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363890/implementation-of-e-portfolios-for-the-professional-development-of-admiral-nurses
#8
Karen Harrison Dening, Debra Holmes, Amy Pepper
Nurses are required to maintain their fitness to practise through continuing professional development activities, and must demonstrate this by maintaining a portfolio of evidence that should be available for inspection every three years. The Nursing and Midwifery Council introduced revalidation in 2016 to demonstrate that nurses are practising safely and effectively. Nurses, however, are busy healthcare professionals and, as well as clinical practice, they have other demands on their time, such as providing evidence for annual appraisals...
January 24, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361452/should-we-continue-to-measure-endometrial-thickness-in-modern-day-medicine-the-effect-on-live-birth-rates-and-birth-weight
#9
Vânia Costa Ribeiro, Samuel Santos-Ribeiro, Neelke De Munck, Panagiotis Drakopoulos, Nikolaos P Polyzos, Valerie Schutyser, Greta Verheyen, Herman Tournaye, Christophe Blockeel
The evaluation of endometrial thickness (EMT) is still part of standard cycle monitoring during IVF, despite the lack of robust evidence of any value of this measurement to predict little revalidation in contemporary medical practice; other tools, however, such as endocrine profile monitoring, have become increasingly popular. The aim of this study was to reassess whether EMT affects the outcome of a fresh embryo transfer in modern-day medicine, using a retrospective, single-centre cohort of 3350 IVF cycles (2827 women) carried out between 2010 and 2014...
January 3, 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337387/systematic-review-of-predictive-risk-models-for-adverse-drug-events-in-hospitalised-patients
#10
REVIEW
Nazanin Falconer, Michael Barras, Neil Cottrell
AIM: An emerging approach to reducing hospital adverse drug events is the use of predictive risk scores. The aim of this systematic review was to critically appraise models developed for predicting adverse drug event risk in inpatients. METHODS: Embase, PubMed, CINAHL and Scopus databases were used to identify studies of predictive risk models for hospitalised adult inpatients. Studies had to have used multivariable logistic regression for model development, resulting in a score or rule with two or more variables, to predict the likelihood of inpatient adverse drug events...
January 16, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326181/what-are-the-sources-of-stress-and-distress-for-general-practitioners-working-in-england-a-qualitative-study
#11
Ruth Riley, Johanna Spiers, Marta Buszewicz, Anna Kathryn Taylor, Gail Thornton, Carolyn Anne Chew-Graham
OBJECTIVES: This paper reports the sources of stress and distress experienced by general practitioners (GP) as part of a wider study exploring the barriers and facilitators to help-seeking for mental illness and burnout among this medical population. DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 47 GP participants. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, anonymised and imported into NVivo V.11 to facilitate data management. Data were analysed using a thematic analysis employing the constant comparative method...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306959/-unknown-title
#12
C Hopkins, R Hettige, A Soni-Jaiswal, R Lakhani, S Carrie, A Cervin, R Douglas, W J Fokkens, R Harvey, P W Hellings, A Leunig, V J Lund, C Philpott, T Smith, D Y Wang, L Rudmik
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Evaluating the effectiveness of treatments in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) have been limited by both a paucity of high quality randomised trials, and the heterogeneity of outcomes in those that have been reported. Core outcome sets (COS) are an agreed, standardized set of outcomes that should be measured and reported by future trials as a minimum and will facilitate future meta-analysis of trial results in systematic reviews (SRs). We set out to develop a core outcome set for interventions for adults with CRS...
January 7, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301613/testing-olfactory-function-and-mapping-the-structural-olfactory-networks-in-the-brain
#13
Alexander Fjældstad
We perceive the world through our senses. The dependence on these sensory stimuli becomes obvious when we see a visually impaired individual with a guide dog or an individual using sign language. However, individuals with olfactory deficits suffer from a more concealed impairment without any opportunity for diagnostics or treatment in the Danish healthcare system. Around a fifth of the population experience olfactory deficits, of which 1-2% are functionally anosmic. The personal consequences for anosmics can be extensive, lacking not only in hedonic yield related to eating and drinking, but also the socialization during dinners can become niggling...
January 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260653/hybrid-collapse-confirms-the-specific-status-of-triatoma-bahiensis-sherlock-and-serafim-1967-hemiptera-triatominae-an-endemic-species-in-brazil
#14
Kaio Cesar Chaboli Alevi, Heloisa Pinotti, Renato Freitas de Araújo, Maria Tercília Vilela de Azeredo Oliveira, João Aristeu da Rosa, Vagner José Mendonça
Six to seven million people worldwide are estimated to be infected with Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiologic agent of Chagas disease transmitted mainly by triatomines. Triatoma bahiensis was recently collected in the Brazilian state of Bahia and revalidated using different approaches. The main criterion used to define a "good" biological species is reproductive isolation, so we evaluated the cytogenetics of first-generation (F1) hybrids resulting from the experimental cross between T. bahiensis females and Triatoma lenti males to possibly characterize the postzygotic isolation associated with the hybrid breakdown...
December 18, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216387/usefulness-of-size-specific-dose-estimates-in-pediatric-computed-tomography-revalidation-of-large-scale-pediatric-ct-dose-survey-data-in-japan
#15
Daisuke Yamazaki, Osamu Miyazaki, Yasutaka Takei, Kosuke Matsubara, Masafumi Shinozaki, Yoshiya Shimada, Shoichi Suzuki, Yoshihisa Muramatsu
The objective of this research is to calculate the organ equivalent dose and effective dose from the scanning conditions at 165 centers in Japan using computed tomography (CT) Dose software and compare the results with the CT dose index volume (CTDIvol), dose length product (DLP) and size-specific dose estimates (SSDE) to validate the usefulness of SSDE. The CTDIvol and DLP were significantly lower in infants than in children (p < 0.05). No significant differences were found in the bone marrow equivalent dose and effective dose for the torso between infants and children (p > 0...
December 5, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197880/construct-validity-and-internal-consistency-reliability-of-the-malay-version-of-the-21-item-depression-anxiety-stress-scale-malay-dass-21-among-male-outpatient-clinic-attendees-in-johor
#16
B N Rusli, K Amrina, S Trived, K P Loh, M Shashi
BACKGROUND: The 21-item English version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21) has been proposed as a method for assessing self-perceived depression, anxiety and stress over the past week in various clinical and nonclinical populations. Several Malay versions of the DASS-21 have been validated in various populations with varying success. One particular Malay version has been validated in various occupational groups (such as nurses and automotive workers) but not among male clinic outpatient attendees in Malaysia...
October 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195519/reducing-violence-in-correctional-institutions-revalidation-of-the-inmate-risk-assessment-for-violent-nonsexual-victimization
#17
Ryan M Labrecque, Heidi Scherer, James T McCafferty
Jail and prison administrators are responsible for ensuring institutional safety and order. Recent estimates indicate violence in correctional institutions is pervasive. One promising approach to reduce institutional violence is using a risk assessment to predict the likelihood of victimization. Once corrections officials identify high victimization risk offenders, these authorities can take steps to triage interventions to mitigate such risks. This strategy, however, requires a classification instrument that is available and predictively valid...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160475/revalidation-of-game-for-teaching-blood-pressure-auscultatory-measurement-a-pilot-study
#18
Margarete Consorti Bellan, Vanessa Cortez Alves, Mayza Luzia Dos Santos Neves, José Luiz Tatagiba Lamas
OBJECTIVE: To adapt a pre-existing educational game, making it specific to the teaching of blood pressure auscultatory measurement, and to apply this game in a pilot study. METHOD: The original game cards were altered by the authors and submitted to content validation by six experts in the field. After redesigns, the game was applied to 30 subjects, who answered a questionnaire (pre-test and post-test) on auscultatory measurement. Data were analyzed descriptively and by the paired Student's t-test and paired Wilcoxon test...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157254/the-implementation-of-medical-revalidation-an-assessment-using-normalisation-process-theory
#19
Abigail Tazzyman, Jane Ferguson, Charlotte Hillier, Alan Boyd, John Tredinnick-Rowe, Julian Archer, Sam Regan de Bere, Kieran Walshe
BACKGROUND: Medical revalidation is the process by which all licensed doctors are legally required to demonstrate that they are up to date and fit to practise in order to maintain their licence. Revalidation was introduced in the United Kingdom (UK) in 2012, constituting significant change in the regulation of doctors. The governing body, the General Medical Council (GMC), envisages that revalidation will improve patient care and safety. This potential however is, in part, dependent upon how successfully revalidation is embedded into routine practice...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150174/a-new-species-of-discocyrtanus-from-mato-grosso-brazil-opiliones-gonyleptidae-with-a-key-to-the-species-of-the-genus
#20
Rafael N Carvalho, Adriano B Kury
Discocyrtanus canjinjim sp. n., belonging to the family Gonyleptidae Sundevall, 1833 is described based on nineteen specimens, eleven adult males and eight adult females, collected in the Vila Bela da Santíssima Trindade, in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. This new species represents an endemic component for the harvestmen fauna of Chiquitano Dry Forests terrestrial eco-region, being the most occidental point of distribution of the genus, notably found in the Cerrado and the Atlantic Forest. The new species is characterized by femur IV swollen with the same length of dorsal scutum, trochanter IV with prodorsal distal apophysis as a stout hook not bifurcated, and a unique form of genitalia in the genus...
November 14, 2017: Comptes Rendus Biologies
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