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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333890/cigarette-smoking-and-quit-attempts-among-latinos-in-substance-use-disorder-treatment
#1
Anna Pagano, Noah Gubner, Thao Le, Joseph Guydish
BACKGROUND: Differences in tobacco use behaviors have been identified between Latinos and non-Latino whites in the general US population. Little is known about cigarette smoking and quitting behaviors of Latinos in treatment for substance use disorders (SUDs), who represent two major tobacco-vulnerable groups. OBJECTIVES: To compare, in a national sample of persons enrolled in SUD treatment, demographic, drug use, and smoking and quitting prevalence and behaviors between Latinos and non-Latino whites...
January 15, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324372/dislocation-of-a-cerebral-protection-device-component-during-carotid-stenting-a-case-report-of-favorable-outcome-from-conservative-management-after-failure-of-retrieval
#2
Ilaria Tocco-Tussardi, Caterina Kulyk, Vincenzo Vindigni, Giampiero Avruscio
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral-protection devices (CPDs) are a well-established system for reduction of embolic risk in carotid artery angioplasty and stenting (CAS). Although rare, adverse events with CPDs are unpredictable and can be associated with serious outcomes and iatrogenic sequelae. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We describe the unique case of dislocation of a FilterWire EX™ filter loop during right CAS. On trying to recapture the CPD filter at the end of the procedure, the filter loop suddenly detached from the guidewire and dislocated to the proximal middle cerebral artery...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323251/vitamin-e-inhibits-the-uvai-induction-of-light-and-dark-cyclobutane-pyrimidine-dimers-and-oxidatively-generated-dna-damage-in-keratinocytes
#3
George J Delinasios, Mahsa Karbaschi, Marcus S Cooke, Antony R Young
Solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR)-induced DNA damage has acute, and long-term adverse effects in the skin. This damage arises directly by absorption of UVR, and indirectly via photosensitization reactions. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of vitamin E on UVAI-induced DNA damage in keratinocytes in vitro. Incubation with vitamin E before UVAI exposure decreased the formation of oxidized purines (with a decrease in intracellular oxidizing species), and cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPD)...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310735/what-do-clinical-supervisors-require-to-teach-residents-in-family-medicine-how-to-care-for-seniors
#4
Anik M C Giguere, Paule Lebel, Michèle Morin, Françoise Proust, Charo Rodríguez, Valerie Carnovale, Louise Champagne, France Légaré, Pierre-Hugues Carmichael, Bernard Martineau, Philippe Karazivan, Pierre J Durand
We assessed clinicians' continuing professional development (CPD) needs at family practice teaching clinics in the province of Quebec. Our mixed methodology design comprised an environmental scan of training programs at four family medicine departments, an expert panel to determine priority clinical situations for senior care, a supervisors survey to assess their perceived CPD needs, and interviews to help understand the rationale behind their needs. From the environmental scan, the expert panel selected 13 priority situations...
January 9, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305488/2018-international-webinar-vet-virtual-congress
#5
(no author information available yet)
Eleanor Patterson, BVA Marketing Officer, is encouraging you start your CPD early this year with the 2018 International Webinar Vet Virtual Congress.
January 6, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305487/bva-in-practice-cpd-2018
#6
(no author information available yet)
Zoe Davies, BVA Marketing Manager, discusses some of the forthcoming highlights from the 2018 BVA In Practice CPD programme.
January 6, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303063/coaching-experts-applications-to-surgeons-and-continuing-professional-development
#7
Assad Zahid, Jonathan Hong, Christopher J Young
Surgery is a science and an art, which is mastered through years of training and refined by the accumulation of individual experience and preference. Continuing professional development (CPD) is a concept that emphasizes a self-directed approach to education. Coaching is a process that leads to increased utilization of a person's current skills and resources without counselling or advising. Coaching in surgery could be used to facilitate and optimize feedback and reflection, thus enhancing performance and outcomes through elite performance of an operative procedure...
January 1, 2018: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302083/forty-years-of-acpe-cpe-accreditation
#8
Dimitra V Travlos, Jennifer L Baumgartner, Mike Rouse, Jeffrey W Wadelin, Peter H Vlasses
The Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) Continuing Pharmacy Education (CPE) Provider Accreditation Program has been in existence for 40 years. During this time, the program has expanded and has been offered to a various types of providers, not only academic-based providers. ACPE credit has been offered to an increasing number of pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, and other health professionals. This paper explains the evolution of the CPE Provider Accreditation Program, including the Definition of Continuing Education for the Profession of Pharmacy, its standards, types of activities (knowledge, application, and practice), CPE Monitor, Joint Accreditation for Interprofessional Continuing Education, and Continuing Professional Development (CPD)...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295483/differences-between-dual-users-and-switchers-center-around-vaping-behavior-and-its-experiences-rather-than-beliefs-and-attitudes
#9
Karolien Adriaens, Dinska Van Gucht, Frank Baeyens
(1) Background: Many smokers completely switch to vaping (switchers), whereas others use e-cigarettes (e-cigs) alongside tobacco cigarettes (dual users). To the extent that dual users substantially lower the number of cigarettes, they will reduce health risks from smoking. However, from a medical point of view, exclusive vaping is preferable to dual use; (2) Methods: Using an online questionnaire we assessed behavioral, cognitive and attitudinal aspects of e-cig use in smoking and ex-smoking vapers; (3) Results: Our sample consisted of 19% dual users and 81% switchers...
December 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289926/the-use-of-suction-blisters-to-measure-sunscreen-protection-against-uvr-induced-dna-damage
#10
Gwendal Josse, Thierry Douki, Jimmy Le Digabel, Eleonore Gravier, Emmanuel Questel
The formation of DNA photoproducts caused by solar UVR exposure needs to be investigated in-vivo and in particular in order to assess sunscreens' level of protection against solar genotoxicity. The study's purposes were: i) to evaluate if the roof of suction blisters is an appropriate sampling method for measuring photoproducts, and ii) to measure in-vivo sunscreen protection against cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers. Skin areas on the interior forearms of eight healthy volunteers were exposed in-vivo to 2 MED of simulated solar radiation (SSR) and to 15 MED on a sunscreen protected area...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284492/experiences-and-perceptions-of-online-continuing-professional-development-among-clinicians-in-sub-saharan-africa
#11
Caryl Feldacker, Sheena Jacob, Michael H Chung, Anya Nartker, H Nina Kim
BACKGROUND: Limitations in healthcare worker (HCW) capacity compound the burden of dual TB and HIV epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa. To fill gaps in knowledge and skills, effective continuing profession development (CPD) initiatives are needed to support practicing HCWs reach high standards of care. e-learning opportunities can bring expert knowledge to HCWs in the field and provide a flexible learning option adaptable to local settings. Few studies provide insight into HCW experiences with online CPD in the developing country context...
December 29, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280517/uva1-impairs-the-repair-of-uvb-induced-dna-damage-in-normal-human-melanocytes
#12
Susanne Kimeswenger, Ruth Dingelmaier-Hovorka, Dagmar Foedinger, Christian Jantschitsch
The exact correlation between melanoma and sun light is still a controversially debated issue. Although natural sunlight contains various ratios of UVA and UVB, most investigators so far focused on the effects of single solar wavebands and neglected possible interactions. Therefore, in the present study primary human melanocytes of three donors were simultaneously exposed to physiologic doses of UVA1 and UVB. Effects on apoptosis were analyzed using Annexin V assays and cell death ELISAs, effects on DNA damage were investigated using Southwestern slot blots...
December 27, 2017: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276127/feature-specific-organization-of-feedback-pathways-in-mouse-visual-cortex
#13
Carey Y L Huh, John P Peach, Corbett Bennett, Roxana M Vega, Shaul Hestrin
Higher and lower cortical areas in the visual hierarchy are reciprocally connected [1]. Although much is known about how feedforward pathways shape receptive field properties of visual neurons, relatively little is known about the role of feedback pathways in visual processing. Feedback pathways are thought to carry top-down signals, including information about context (e.g., figure-ground segmentation and surround suppression) [2-5], and feedback has been demonstrated to sharpen orientation tuning of neurons in the primary visual cortex (V1) [6, 7]...
December 15, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273313/momentary-smoking-context-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-ses-and-smoking
#14
Tina Jahnel, Stuart G Ferguson, Saul Shiffman, Johannes Thrul, Benjamin Schüz
There is a well-established socioeconomic gradient in smoking behavior: those with lower socioeconomic status smoke more. However, much less is known about the mechanisms explaining how SES is linked to smoking. This study takes a social-ecological perspective by examining whether socioeconomic status affects smoking behavior by differential exposure to places where smoking is allowed. Exposure to smoking restrictions was assessed in real-time using Ecological Momentary Assessment methods. A sample of 194 daily smokers, who were not attempting to quit, recorded their smoking and information about situational and contextual factors for three weeks using an electronic diary...
December 15, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261571/factors-influencing-acceptability-and-perceived-impacts-of-a-mandatory-eportfolio-implemented-by-an-occupational-therapy-regulatory-organization
#15
Brigitte Vachon, Marie-Lyse Foucault, Charles-Édouard Giguère, Annie Rochette, Aliki Thomas, Martine Morel
INTRODUCTION: The use of ePortfolios has been implemented in several regulatory organizations to encourage clinicians' engagement in continuing professional development (CPD). However, their use has achieved mixed success, and multiple personal and contextual factors can influence their impacts on practice change. The aim of this study was to identify which factors influence the acceptability and perceived impacts of an ePortfolio implemented by an occupational therapy regulatory organization in one Canadian province...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246693/advancing-learning-to-advance-pharmacy-practice
#16
Michael J Rouse, CoraLynn B Trewet, Kristin K Janke
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this commentary are to: 1) describe advancements in the continuing professional development (CPD) model over the past decade; 2) detail an updated CPD cycle; and 3) describe how practitioners' adoption of the CPD approach may facilitate the advancement of pharmacy practice. SUMMARY: CPD is a self-directed, ongoing, systematic, and outcomes-focused approach to an individual's lifelong learning that is applied into practice. The 6 components of reflect, plan, learn, evaluate, apply, and record + review, described in a revised depiction of the CPD cycle, have evolved over the past 10 years alongside the evolution of the profession of pharmacy...
December 12, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245019/genetic-polymorphism-of-21-non-codis-str-loci-in-chengdu-han-population-and-its-interpopulation-analysis-between-25-populations-in-china
#17
Ye Li, Hepei Li, Guanglin He, Weibo Liang, Haibo Luo, Miao Liao, Ji Zhang, Jing Yan, Yingbi Li, Yiping Hou, Jin Wu
AGCU 21+1 STR kit contains 21 non-combined DNA index system (non-CODIS) short tandem repeats (STR) loci and a sex-determining locus amelogenin. In this study, we evaluated the genetic diversity and forensically relevant population statistics of 21 non-CODIS loci in 210 Chinese Han individuals from Chengdu city, Sichuan province, Southwest China. No significant deviations from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium were observed within the 21 non-CODIS STR loci. The combined power of discrimination (CPD) and combined power of exclusion (CPE) were 0...
December 9, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235426/cpda-is-involved-in-amino-acid-metabolism-in-shewanella-oneidensis-mr-1
#18
Takuya Kasai, Atsushi Kouzuma, Kazuya Watanabe
Cyclic 3',5'-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) phosphodiesterase (CPD) is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of cAMP, a signaling molecule affecting diverse cellular and metabolic processes in bacteria. Some CPDs are also known to function in cAMP-independent manners, while their physiological roles remain largely unknown. Here, we investigated physiological roles of CPD in Shewanella oneidensis MR-1, a model environmental bacterium, and report that CPD is involved in amino-acid metabolism. We found that a CPD-deficient mutant of MR-1 (ΔcpdA) showed decreased expression of genes for the synthesis of methionine, S-adenosylmethionine, and histidine and required these three compounds to grow in minimal media...
December 13, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233393/assessing-self-assessment-practices-a-survey-of-u-s-colleges-and-schools-of-pharmacy
#19
James S Wheeler, Sharon L K McDonough, Tracy M Hagemann
OBJECTIVE: This study quantifies and describes student self-assessment approaches in colleges of pharmacy across the United States. METHODS: Faculty members identified as assessment directors from college websites at U.S. colleges of pharmacy were electronically surveyed. Prior to distribution, feedback and question validation was sought from select assessment directors. Surveys were distributed and recorded, via Qualtrics® survey software and analyzed in Microsoft Excel®...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233324/development-and-evaluation-of-a-continuing-pharmacy-education-cpe-program-in-thrombosis-management
#20
Artemis Diamantouros, Romina Marchesano, William H Geerts, Peter Pennefather, Merrick Zwarenstein, Zubin Austin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A continuing education (CE) course in thrombosis management for pharmacists was developed through the Office of Continuing Professional Development (CPD) at the University of Toronto to address pharmacists' needs for the knowledge and skills to provide care to patients receiving anticoagulants. This article describes the development of the course as well as the evaluation designed to assess its impact on pharmacists' knowledge, attitudes, and changes in practice...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
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