keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Language learning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931133/a-descriptive-study-of-advising-practices-during-travel-health-consultations-in-france
#1
C Marchand, F Merrina, R Gagnayre, O Bouchaud
Background: Recommendations for improving traveler adherence address both the content of the advice given and the structure of the consultation. The objective of this article is to describe how travel health consultations are structured in France. Methods: A questionnaire based on both theoretical foundations and recommendations in the literature was sent to health professionals who practice in travel clinics, all of them members of France's Société de Médecine des Voyages...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931014/phonological-memory-in-sign-language-relies-on-the-visuomotor-neural-system-outside-the-left-hemisphere-language-network
#2
Yuji Kanazawa, Kimihiro Nakamura, Toru Ishii, Toshihiko Aso, Hiroshi Yamazaki, Koichi Omori
Sign language is an essential medium for everyday social interaction for deaf people and plays a critical role in verbal learning. In particular, language development in those people should heavily rely on the verbal short-term memory (STM) via sign language. Most previous studies compared neural activations during signed language processing in deaf signers and those during spoken language processing in hearing speakers. For sign language users, it thus remains unclear how visuospatial inputs are converted into the verbal STM operating in the left-hemisphere language network...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928701/teaching-literacy-skills-to-french-minimally-verbal-school-aged-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-with-the-serious-game-sema-tic-an-exploratory-study
#3
Sylvie Serret, Stéphanie Hun, Susanne Thümmler, Prescillia Pierron, Andreia Santos, Jérémy Bourgeois, Florence Askenazy
Learning to read is very challenging for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), but also very important, as it can give them access to new knowledge. This is even more challenging in minimally verbal children, who do not have the verbal abilities to learn through usual methods. To address the learning of literacy skills in French minimally verbal school-aged children with ASD, we designed the serious game SEMA-TIC, which relies on non-verbal cognitive skills and uses specific learning strategies adapted to the features of autistic individuals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925999/an-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-intensity-and-duration-on-outcomes-across-treatment-domains-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
E Linstead, D R Dixon, E Hong, C O Burns, R French, M N Novack, D Granpeesheh
Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is considered an effective treatment for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and many researchers have further investigated factors associated with treatment outcomes. However, few studies have focused on whether treatment intensity and duration have differential influences on separate skills. The aim of the current study was to investigate how treatment intensity and duration impact learning across different treatment domains, including academic, adaptive, cognitive, executive function, language, motor, play, and social...
September 19, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924815/automatic-determination-of-the-need-for-intravenous-contrast-in-musculoskeletal-mri-examinations-using-ibm-watson-s-natural-language-processing-algorithm
#5
Hari Trivedi, Joseph Mesterhazy, Benjamin Laguna, Thienkhai Vu, Jae Ho Sohn
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocoling can be time- and resource-intensive, and protocols can often be suboptimal dependent upon the expertise or preferences of the protocoling radiologist. Providing a best-practice recommendation for an MRI protocol has the potential to improve efficiency and decrease the likelihood of a suboptimal or erroneous study. The goal of this study was to develop and validate a machine learning-based natural language classifier that can automatically assign the use of intravenous contrast for musculoskeletal MRI protocols based upon the free-text clinical indication of the study, thereby improving efficiency of the protocoling radiologist and potentially decreasing errors...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924328/grammatical-encoding-and-learning-in-agrammatic-aphasia-evidence-from-structural-priming
#6
Soojin Cho-Reyes, Jennifer E Mack, Cynthia K Thompson
The present study addressed open questions about the nature of sentence production deficits in agrammatic aphasia. In two structural priming experiments, 13 aphasic and 13 age-matched control speakers repeated visually- and auditorily-presented prime sentences, and then used visually-presented word arrays to produce dative sentences. Experiment 1 examined whether agrammatic speakers form structural and thematic representations during sentence production, whereas Experiment 2 tested the lasting effects of structural priming in lags of two and four sentences...
December 2016: Journal of Memory and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924275/relationship-among-academic-engagement-burnout-and-student-perceptions-of-curriculum-delivery-in-speech-and-language-therapy-students-from-university-of-concepcion-chile
#7
Rocio Glaria, Lorena Carmona, Cristhian Perez, Paula Parra
OBJECTIVE: To relate engagement and academic burnout with curriculum evaluation among speech therapy students. METHODS: This observational, cross-sectional study was conducted at the end of the first academic semester for each level and at the end of a theoretical class in order to ensure the maximum participation rate at the University of Concepción, Concepción, Chile, and comprised students of a speech and language therapy programme.Curriculum evaluation scale, academic engagement and academic burnout questionnaires were used...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923499/descemet-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty-safety-and-outcomes-a-report-by-the-american-academy-of-ophthalmology
#8
Sophie X Deng, W Barry Lee, Kristin M Hammersmith, Anthony N Kuo, Jennifer Y Li, Joanne F Shen, Mitchell P Weikert, Roni M Shtein
PURPOSE: To review the published literature on the safety and outcomes of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) for the surgical treatment of corneal endothelial dysfunction. METHODS: Literature searches were last conducted in the PubMed and the Cochrane Library databases most recently in May 2017. The searches, which were limited to English-language abstracts, yielded 1085 articles. The panel reviewed the abstracts, and 47 were determined to be relevant to this assessment...
September 15, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922039/teaching-and-learning-activities-to-educate-nursing-students-for-interprofessional-collaboration-a-scoping-review
#9
Natalie L Murdoch, Sheila Epp, Jeanette Vinek
To prepare new graduates with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes to engage in effective interprofessional collaboration (IPC) in practice, healthcare professional programmes need to ensure their curriculum provides opportunities for interprofessional education (IPE) and IPC. To strengthen IPE within an undergraduate curriculum and meet the professional requirements set out by regulatory bodies to prepare new graduate nurses to achieve IPC competencies, a curriculum initiative was developed to expand IPE across the four years of the Baccalaureate of Science in Nursing (BSN) programme...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919088/resilience-in-mathematics-after-early-brain-injury-the-roles-of-parental-input-and-early-plasticity
#10
Dana E Glenn, Özlem Ece Demir-Lira, Dominic J Gibson, Eliza L Congdon, Susan C Levine
Children with early focal unilateral brain injury show remarkable plasticity in language development. However, little is known about how early brain injury influences mathematical learning. Here, we examine early number understanding, comparing cardinal number knowledge of typically developing children (TD) and children with pre- and perinatal lesions (BI) between 42 and 50 months of age. We also examine how this knowledge relates to the number words children hear from their primary caregivers early in life...
July 24, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917697/trajectories-of-brain-system-maturation-from-childhood-to-older-adulthood-implications-for-lifespan-cognitive-functioning
#11
Raluca Petrican, Margot J Taylor, Cheryl L Grady
The human brain's intrinsic functional architecture reflects behavioural history and can help elucidate the neural mechanisms underlying age-related cognitive changes. To probe this issue, we used resting state (N = 586) and behavioural (N = 255) data from a lifespan sample and tested the interactions among ten intrinsic neural systems, derived from a well-established whole-brain parcellation. Our results revealed three distinguishable profiles, whose expression strengthened with increasing age and which characterized developmental differences in connectivity within the ten systems, between networks thought to underlie cognitive control and non-control systems, and among the non-control networks...
September 13, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915298/the-effect-of-stimulus-variability-on-learning-and-generalization-of-reading-in-a-novel-script
#12
Jasmeen Adwan-Mansour, Tali Bitan
Purpose: The benefit of stimulus variability for generalization of acquired skills and knowledge has been shown in motor, perceptual, and language learning but has rarely been studied in reading. We studied the effect of variable training in a novel language on reading trained and untrained words. Method: Sixty typical adults received 2 sessions of training in reading an artificial script. Participants were assigned to 1 of 3 groups: a variable training group practicing a large set of 24 words, and 2 nonvariable training groups practicing a smaller set of 12 words, with twice the number of repetitions per word...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913703/using-technology-and-assessment-to-personalize-instruction-preventing-reading-problems
#13
Carol McDonald Connor
Children who fail to learn to read proficiently are at serious risk of referral to special education, grade retention, dropping out of high school, and entering the juvenile justice system. Accumulating research suggests that instruction regimes that rely on assessment to inform instruction are effective in improving the implementation of personalized instruction and, in turn, student learning. However, teachers find it difficult to interpret assessment results in a way that optimizes learning opportunities for all of the students in their classrooms...
September 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906244/hearing-aid-use-and-mild-hearing-impairment-learnings-from-big-data
#14
Barbra H B Timmer, Louise Hickson, Stefan Launer
BACKGROUND: Previous research, mostly reliant on self-reports, has indicated that hearing aid (HA) use is related to the degree of hearing impairment (HI). No large-scale investigation of the relationship between data-logged HA use and HI has been conducted to date. PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate if objective measures of overall daily HA use and HA use in various listening environments are different for adults with mild HI compared to adults with moderate HI...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906243/pediatric-hearing-aid-management-challenges-among-hispanic-families
#15
Ana Caballero, Karen Muñoz, Karl White, Lauri Nelson, Melanie Domenech-Rodriguez, Michael Twohig
BACKGROUND: Hearing aid fitting in infancy has become more common in the United States as a result of earlier identification of hearing loss. Consistency of hearing aid use is an area of concern for young children, as well as other hearing aid management challenges parents encounter that may contribute to less-than-optimal speech and language outcomes. Research that describes parent hearing aid management experiences of Spanish-speaking Hispanic families, or the extent of their needs, is not available...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901038/the-developmental-trajectory-of-children-s-auditory-and-visual-statistical-learning-abilities-modality-based-differences-in-the-effect-of-age
#16
Limor Raviv, Inbal Arnon
Infants, children and adults are capable of extracting recurring patterns from their environment through statistical learning (SL), an implicit learning mechanism that is considered to have an important role in language acquisition. Research over the past 20 years has shown that SL is present from very early infancy and found in a variety of tasks and across modalities (e.g., auditory, visual), raising questions on the domain generality of SL. However, while SL is well established for infants and adults, only little is known about its developmental trajectory during childhood, leaving two important questions unanswered: (1) Is SL an early-maturing capacity that is fully developed in infancy, or does it improve with age like other cognitive capacities (e...
September 12, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900155/inflexible-neurobiological-signatures-precede-atypical-development-in-infants-at-high-risk-for-autism
#17
Kristina Denisova, Guihu Zhao
Variability in neurobiological signatures is ubiquitous in early life but the link to adverse developmental milestones in humans is unknown. We examined how levels of signal and noise in movement signatures during the 1st year of life constrain early development in 71 healthy typically developing infants, either at High or Low familial Risk (HR or LR, respectively) for developing Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Delays in early learning developmental trajectories in HR infants (validated in an analysis of 1,445 infants from representative infant-sibling studies) were predicted by worse stochastic patterns in their spontaneous head movements as early as 1-2 months after birth, relative to HR infants who showed more rapid developmental progress, as well as relative to all LR infants...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899551/relationship-between-neuronal-network-architecture-and-naming-performance-in-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-a-connectome-based-approach-using-machine-learning
#18
REVIEW
B C Munsell, G Wu, J Fridriksson, K Thayer, N Mofrad, N Desisto, D Shen, L Bonilha
Impaired confrontation naming is a common symptom of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). The neurobiological mechanisms underlying this impairment are poorly understood but may indicate a structural disorganization of broadly distributed neuronal networks that support naming ability. Importantly, naming is frequently impaired in other neurological disorders and by contrasting the neuronal structures supporting naming in TLE with other diseases, it will become possible to elucidate the common systems supporting naming...
September 9, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898678/using-language-to-get-ready-familiar-labels-help-children-to-engage-proactive-control
#19
Sabine Doebel, John P Dickerson, Jerome D Hoover, Yuko Munakata
A key developmental transition is the ability to engage executive functions proactively in advance of needing them. We tested the potential role of linguistic processes in proactive control. Children completed a task in which they could proactively track a novel (target) shape on a screen as it moved unpredictably amid novel distractors and needed to identify where it disappeared. Children almost always remembered which shape to track, but those who learned familiar labels for the target shapes before the task had nearly twice the odds of tracking the target compared with those who received experience with the targets but no labels...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898194/correlate-a-pacs-and-ehr-integrated-tool-leveraging-natural-language-processing-to-provide-automated-clinical-follow-up
#20
Mark D Kovacs, Joseph Mesterhazy, David Avrin, Thomas Urbania, John Mongan
A major challenge for radiologists is obtaining meaningful clinical follow-up information for even a small percentage of cases encountered and dictated. Traditional methods, such as keeping medical record number follow-up lists, discussing cases with rounding clinical teams, and discussing cases at tumor boards, are effective at keeping radiologists informed of clinical outcomes but are time intensive and provide follow-up for a small subset of cases. To this end, the authors developed a picture archiving and communication system-accessible electronic health record (EHR)-integrated program called Correlate, which allows the user to easily enter free-text search queries regarding desired clinical follow-up information, with minimal interruption to the workflow...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
keyword
keyword
62098
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"