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Assessment cognition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471423/predictive-models-of-cognitive-fatigue-in-multiple-sclerosis
#1
Jason A Berard, Andra M Smith, Lisa A S Walker
Objective: Cognitive fatigue (CF) can be defined as decreased performance with sustained cognitive effort. The present study examined the interrelatedness of disease severity, fatigue, depression, and sleep quality in order to evaluate their predictive roles of CF in MS. Four theoretical models examining these variables were assessed. Methods: Fifty-eight individuals with a diagnosis of MS were recruited. CF was measured by examining last third versus first third performance on the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT)...
February 17, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471411/mechanisms-underpinning-the-polypharmacy-effects-of-medications-in-psychiatry
#2
Chiara C Bortolasci, Briana Spolding, Edward Callaly, Sheree Martin, Bruna Panizzutti, Srisaiyini Kidnapillai, Timothy Connor, Kyoko Hasebe, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Olivia M Dean, Sean L McGee, Seetal Dodd, Laura Gray, Michael Berk, Ken Walder
Background: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a mental health condition with progressive social and cognitive function disturbances. Most patients' treatments are based on polypharmacy, but with no biological basis and little is known of the drugs' interactions. The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of lithium, valproate, quetiapine and lamotrigine, and the interactions between them, on markers of inflammation, bioenergetics, mitochondrial function and oxidative stress in neuron-like cells (NT2) and microglial cells...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471410/risk-factors-associated-with-sustaining-a-sport-related-concussion-an-initial-synthesis-study-of-12-320-student-athletes
#3
Benjamin L Brett, Andrew W Kuhn, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Gary S Solomon, Scott L Zuckerman
Objective: The empirical identification of risk factors associated with sport-related concussion (SRC) may improve the management of student-athletes. The current study attempted to identify and quantify bio-cognitive risk factors associated with sustaining a SRC. Methods: Cross-sectional ambispective study; level of evidence, 3. Neurocognitive testing of 12,320 middle school, high school and collegiate athletes was completed at preseason baseline and post-SRC. Univariate and multivariable logistic regressions were used to determine which pre-injury variables accurately predicted the occurrence of SRC...
February 17, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471385/functional-neural-correlates-of-slower-gait-among-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#4
Chun Liang Hsu, John R Best, Michelle W Voss, Todd C Handy, Olivier Beauchet, Chris Lim, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
Background: Subtle, but observable, changes in mobility often exist among older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Notably, these changes are not inconsequential. Therefore, there is a strong interest to better understand the underlying neural correlates of gait slowing among older adults with MCI. In this study, we aimed to characterize patterns of functional connectivity associated with slower gait speed in older adults with MCI. Methods: 49 participants ≥ 60 years with MCI were included in the cross-sectional study...
February 17, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471296/ambulatory-assessment-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#5
Timothy J Trull
Ambulatory assessment (AA) is an important tool that promises to minimize retrospective biases while gathering ecologically valid data, including self-reports, physiological or biological data, and observed behavior, for example, from daily life experiences. AA is well suited for studying borderline personality disorder (BPD) because it can measure moods and emotion (as well as dynamic mood processes, mood changes, and mood instability), problematic behaviors (including interpersonal conflicts, addictive behaviors, binge and purge episodes, and motoric activity), and problematic cognitions/expectancies/urges (e...
February 22, 2018: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471293/neonatal-stress-has-a-long-lasting-sex-dependent-effect-on-anxiety-like-behavior-and-neuronal-morphology-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-and-hippocampus
#6
Silvana Regina de Melo, Caren Tatiane de David Antoniazzi, Shakhawat Hossain, Bryan Kolb
The long-lasting effects of early stress on brain development have been well studied. Recent evidence indicates that males and females respond differently to the same stressor. We examined the chronic effects of daily maternal separation (MS) on behavior and cerebral morphology in both male and female rats. Cognitive and anxiety-like behaviors were evaluated, and neuroplastic changes in 2 subregions of the prefrontal cortex (dorsal agranular insular cortex [AID] and cingulate cortex [Cg3]) and hippocampus (CA1 and dentate gyrus) were measured in adult male and female rats...
February 22, 2018: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471080/subjective-age-and-risk-of-incident-dementia-evidence-from-the-national-health-and-aging-trends-survey
#7
Yannick Stephan, Angelina R Sutin, Martina Luchetti, Antonio Terracciano
The present study examines the association between subjective age and risk of incident dementia in a large longitudinal sample of older adults. Participants were adults aged 65 years and older from the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS). Subjective age, covariates, and cognitive status were assessed in 2011 and cognitive status was again assessed in 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015. Incident dementia was determined based on answers from self and proxy respondents. The analyses included 4262 participants without dementia at baseline...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470861/mini-cog-for-the-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia-and-other-dementias-within-a-primary-care-setting
#8
REVIEW
Dallas P Seitz, Calvin Ch Chan, Hailey T Newton, Sudeep S Gill, Nathan Herrmann, Nadja Smailagic, Vasilis Nikolaou, Bruce A Fage
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia are becoming increasingly common with the aging of most populations. The majority of individuals with dementia will first present for care and assessment in primary care settings. There is a need for brief dementia screening instruments that can accurately diagnose dementia in primary care settings. The Mini-Cog is a brief, cognitive screening test that is frequently used to evaluate cognition in older adults in various settings...
February 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470789/evaluation-of-psychometric-and-linguistic-properties-of-the-italian-adolescent-pain-assessment-scales-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Flavio Marti, Antonella Paladini, Giustino Varrassi, Roberto Latina
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents' pain experiences are complex and multidimensional, and evaluating pain only from a sensory and affective point of view may be in many instances limiting and inadequate; this is the reason why it is of paramount importance to identify the tools which can better assess the pain experienced by young patients. A person-oriented approach is highly encouraged, as it may better investigate the cognitive and behavioral development typical of this age group. The aim of this review paper is to describe the available tools which are able to adequately assess pain intensity in adolescents, in particular those validated in Italian...
February 22, 2018: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470767/the-effects-of-tramadol-administration-on-hippocampal-cell-apoptosis-learning-and-memory-in-adult-rats-and-neuroprotective-effects-of-crocin
#10
Farideh Baghishani, Abbas Mohammadipour, Hossain Hosseinzadeh, Mahmoud Hosseini, Alireza Ebrahimzadeh-Bideskan
Tramadol, a frequently used pain reliever drug, present neurotoxic effects associated to cognitive dysfunction. Moreover, crocin has been reported to have neuroprotective effects. The aim of this study was to assess crocin's capacity to protect learning, and memory abilities on tramadol-treated rats. A total of 35 rats were divided into five groups: Control, Saline, tramadol (50 mg/kg), tramadol + crocin(30 mg/kg), crocin groups and treated orally for 28 consecutive days. Morris water maze (MWM) and passive avoidance (PA) tests were done, followed by dissection of the rat's brains for toluidine blue and TUNEL staining...
February 22, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470565/sociodemographic-medical-and-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-supportive-care-needs-in-adults-diagnosed-with-uveal-melanoma
#11
Timothy J Williamson, Alexandra Jorge-Miller, Tara A McCannel, Tammy M Beran, Annette L Stanton
Importance: Understanding supportive care needs in patients with cancer is important for developing approaches that enhance quality of life and promote satisfaction with care. Objective: To characterize the nature and frequency of sociodemographic, medical, and psychosocial factors associated with unmet needs in patients with uveal melanoma 1 week and 3 months after diagnosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: This 3-month, prospective, longitudinal survey study was conducted at a university-based ophthalmology practice from June 1, 2007, to July 1, 2011...
February 22, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470415/exclusive-breastfeeding-rate-and-complementary-feeding-indicators-in-china-a-national-representative-survey-in-2013
#12
Yifan Duan, Zhenyu Yang, Jianqiang Lai, Dongmei Yu, Suying Chang, Xuehong Pang, Shan Jiang, Huanmei Zhang, Ye Bi, Jie Wang, Robert W Scherpbier, Liyun Zhao, Shian Yin
Appropriate infant and young child feeding could reduce morbidity and mortality and could improve cognitive development of children. However, nationwide data on exclusive breastfeeding and complementary feeding status in China are scarce. The aim of this study was to assess current exclusive breastfeeding and complementary feeding status in China. A national representative survey (Chinese National Nutrition and Health Survey) of children aged under 6 years was done in 2013. Stratified multistage cluster sampling was used to select study participants...
February 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470291/recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-children-summary-evidence-from-3-systematic-reviews-of-treatment-effectiveness
#13
Rebecca A Abbott, Alice E Martin, Tamsin V Newlove-Delgado, Alison Bethel, Rebecca S Whear, Jo Thompson Coon, Stuart Logan
OBJECTIVES: Between 4% and 25% of school-aged children complain of recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) severe enough to interfere with their daily activities. METHODS: We carried out a systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in eleven databases and 2 trials registries from inception to June 2016. An update search was run in November 2017. All screening was performed by 2 independent reviewers. Included studies were appraised using the Cochrane risk of bias tool and the evidence assessed using GRADE...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469928/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-neurocognitive-dysfunction-in-edentulous-patients
#14
Soumyojeet Bagchi, Arvind Tripathi, Suryakant Tripathi, Sushil Kar, Sarvada Chandra Tiwari, Juhi Singh
PURPOSE: To record the incidence of cognitive dysfunction in edentulous patients suffering from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and establish a plausible hypothesis to explain the correlation of cognitive dysfunction and OSA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 315 edentulous patients (aged 60 to 65 years) visiting the outpatient department at Saraswati Dental College, Lucknow were recruited from January 2013 to October 2015. Prosthodontic Diagnostic Index (PDI) classification was used to assess the intraoral condition to relate it with the span of edentulousness...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468917/the-acute-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-cognitive-flexibility-and-task-related-heart-rate-variability-in-children-with-adhd-and-healthy-controls
#15
Sebastian Ludyga, Markus Gerber, Manuel Mücke, Serge Brand, Peter Weber, Mark Brotzmann, Uwe Pühse
OBJECTIVE: To investigate cognitive flexibility and task-related heart rate variability following moderately intense aerobic exercise and after watching a video in both children with ADHD and healthy controls. METHOD: Using a cross-over design, participants completed cognitive assessments following exercise and a physically inactive control condition. Behavioral performance was assessed using the Alternate Uses task. Heart rate variability was recorded via electrocardiography during the cognitive task...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468770/pessary-for-preterm-birth-prevention-in-twin-pregnancy-with-short-cervix-3-year-follow-up-study
#16
Janneke van 't Hooft, Johanna H van der Lee, Brent C Opmeer, Aleid G van Wassenaer-Leemhuis, Anneloes L van Baar, Dick J Bekedam, Leonie J P Steenis, Sophie Liem, Ewoud Schuit, Cuny Cuijpers, Elise Bleeker, Margot E Vinke, Noor Simons, Irene M de Graaf, Ben Willem J Mol, Cornelieke van de Beek
OBJECTIVE: We recently found in a randomized clinical trial (ProTWIN) that cervical pessary prevented preterm birth and improved neonatal outcome in women with a multiple pregnancy and a cervical length (CL) <38mm. In this follow-up study we evaluated long-term developmental outcomes in the offspring of these women at three years corrected age. METHODS: We conducted a follow-up study of the ProTWIN trial, a trial in which between 2009 and 2012 asymptomatic women with a multiple pregnancy had been randomized to pessary or no pessary...
February 22, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468696/i-introduction
#17
Caroline Floccia, Thomas D Sambrook, Claire Delle Luche, Rosa Kwok, Jeremy Goslin, Laurence White, Allegra Cattani, Emily Sullivan, Kirsten Abbot-Smith, Andrea Krott, Debbie Mills, Caroline Rowland, Judit Gervain, Kim Plunkett
The majority of the world's children grow up learning two or more languages. The study of early bilingualism is central to current psycholinguistics, offering insights into issues such as transfer and interference in development. From an applied perspective, it poses a universal challenge to language assessment practices throughout childhood, as typically developing bilingual children usually underperform relative to monolingual norms when assessed in one language only. We measured vocabulary with Communicative Development Inventories for 372 24-month-old toddlers learning British English and one Additional Language out of a diverse set of 13 (Bengali, Cantonese, Dutch, French, German, Greek, Hindi-Urdu, Italian, Mandarin, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, and Welsh)...
March 2018: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468620/malnutrition-in-acute-stroke-patients-stratified-by-stroke-severity-a-hospital-based-study
#18
Dong-Yi Hsieh, Jen-Wen Hung, Ku-Chou Chang, Yu-Ching Huang, Tsong-Hai Lee, Hsiu-Min Chen
BACKGROUND: Stroke results in high mortality with tremendous health care burden. Malnutrition is frequently observed in patients after stroke. This study was designed to explore the nutritional status in the acute stage of stroke aiming at exploring factors related to malnutrition after stroke. METHODS: This was a hospital based, prospective, observational study recruiting cerebrovascular diseases patients hospitalized for acute management. Patients suffered from all kinds of cerebrovascular diseases hospitalized for management within 30 days after onset were consecutively recruited in the study hospitals...
September 15, 2017: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468575/autism-spectrum-traits-linked-with-reduced-performance-on-self-report-behavioural-measures-of-cognitive-flexibility
#19
Natalia Albein-Urios, George J Youssef, Melissa Kirkovski, Peter G Enticott
Deficits in cognitive flexibility are thought to underpin the core symptom of repetitive and restricted patterns of behaviour in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Studies investigating this relationship, however, report inconsistent results. This is partly due to the variable nature of measures used to assess the construct of flexibility. The main purpose of this study was to investigate whether ASD traits differentially predict cognitive flexibility performance on lab-based neurocognitive measures relative to behavioural self-reports in a non-clinical sample of young adults...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468568/cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-a-case-study
#20
Marieke van de Wal, Petra Servaes, Rebecca Berry, Belinda Thewes, Judith Prins
This case study describes the course and content of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for clinical fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) in a breast cancer survivor. The CBT for clinical FCR consisted of seven face-to-face therapy sessions and one telephone session. The primary treatment goal was to reduce FCR severity by modifying cognitive processes and dysfunctional behavior. Assessments of FCR and quality of life were completed by the breast cancer survivor pre-therapy, post-therapy, and at 6 and 12 months of post-therapy...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
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