keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Assessment cognition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913528/blood-pressure-and-cognitive-performance-after-a-single-administration-of-a-camphor-crataegus-combination-in-adolescents-with-low-blood-pressure
#1
Rainer Schandry, Daniela Lindauer, Matthias Mauz
Low blood pressure is rather widespread among adolescents and frequently accompanied by complaints. Two single-center, double-blinded, randomized, and placebo-controlled trials were performed with adolescent participants in the age range of 14 - 17 y having a systolic blood pressure below 118 mmHg (boys) or 110 mmHg (girls). They received a single dose of 20 drops of a fixed combination of natural D-camphor and an ethanolic extract from fresh Crataegus berries (CCC) or of an ethanolic placebo. The efficacy of CCC (commercial name Korodin) has proven its efficacy in the treatment of low blood pressure in adults of all ages, although related placebo-controlled, double-blind studies for adolescents following European (EU) pediatric regulations are lacking...
June 18, 2018: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913450/lower-cognitive-function-in-older-patients-with-lower-muscle-strength-and-muscle-mass
#2
Romee van Dam, Jeanine M Van Ancum, Sjors Verlaan, Kira Scheerman, Carel G M Meskers, Andrea B Maier
BACKGROUND: Low muscle strength and muscle mass are associated with adverse outcomes in older hospitalized patients. The aim of this study was to assess the association between cognitive functioning and muscle strength and muscle mass in hospitalized older patients. METHODS: This prospective inception cohort included 378 patients aged 70 years or older. At admission patients were assessed for cognitive functioning by use of the Six-Item Cognitive Impairment Test (6-CIT)...
June 18, 2018: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913089/deficits-in-saccades-and-smooth-pursuit-eye-movements-in-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Revathy Mani, Lisa Asper, Sieu K Khuu
PURPOSE: To conduct a review of literature and quantify the effect that traumatic brain injury (TBI) has on oculomotor functions (OM). METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted from papers that objectively measured saccades and smooth-pursuit eye movements in mild and severe TBI. RESULTS: The overall impact of TBI on OM functions was moderate and significant with an effect size of 0.42 from 181 OM case-control comparisons...
June 18, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912925/associations-between-waist-circumference-metabolic-risk-and-executive-function-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-mediation-analysis
#4
Anna Bugge, Sören Möller, Daniel R Westfall, Jakob Tarp, Anne K Gejl, Niels Wedderkopp, Charles H Hillman
The main objective of this study was to investigate the associations between waist circumference, metabolic risk factors, and executive function in adolescents. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional and included 558 adolescents (mean age 14.2 years). Anthropometrics and systolic blood pressure (sysBP) were measured and fasting blood samples were analyzed for metabolic risk factors. A metabolic risk factor cluster score (MetS-cluster score) was computed from the sum of standardized sysBP, triglycerides (TG), inverse high-density lipid cholesterol (HDLc) and insulin resistance (homeostasis model assessment)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912883/acceptability-of-hpv-vaccines-and-associations-with-perceptions-related-to-hpv-and-hpv-vaccines-among-male-baccalaureate-students-in-hong-kong
#5
Teris Cheung, Joseph T F Lau, Johnson Z Wang, P K H Mo, Y S Ho
OBJECTIVES: The highly infectious human papillomavirus (HPV) causes both genital warts and cervical cancer in women. In 2009, the prevalence of genital warts in Hong Kong was 203.7 per 100,000 person-years. Cervical cancer, more seriously, was the eight most common cancer among women and girls in Hong Kong, accounting for 2.3% of all new cancer cases in females in 2014. Cervical cancer is a significant global public health problem and HPV is a major risk factor leading to the development of cervical cancer...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912792/neurocognitive-effects-of-agomelatine-treatment-in-schizophrenia-patients-suffering-from-comorbid-depression-results-from-the-agopsych-study
#6
Susanne Englisch, Hanna Sophie Jung, Sarah Eisenacher, Antje Lewien, Anna Becker, Ulrike Nowak, Hanna Braun, Jascha Thiem, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Mathias Zink
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment in schizophrenia is highly disabling and remains one of the major therapeutic challenges. Agomelatine (AGO), an agonist at melatonergic MT1/MT2 receptors and antagonist at 5-HT2C receptors, increases dopamine and norepinephrine in the prefrontal cortex and may therefore have the potential of improving neurocognition in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with schizophrenia and comorbid depression were treated with AGO in addition to stable doses of antipsychotic drugs...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912657/using-multiple-mini-interviews-as-a-pre-screening-tool-for-medical-student-candidates-completing-international-health-electives
#7
Caley A Satterfield, Matthew M Dacso, Premal Patel
There continues to be an increase in the number of learners who participate in international health electives (IHEs). However, not all learners enter IHEs with the same level of knowledge, attitude, and previous experience, which puts undue burden on host supervisors and poses risks to student and patient safety. The Multiple Mini-Interview (MMI) is a technique that has become a popular method for undergraduate and postgraduate-level health science admissions programs. This paper describes the MMI process used by our program to screen first-year medical students applying for pre-clinical IHEs...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912607/reference-data-of-the-eortc-qlq-c30-questionnaire-five-consecutive-annual-assessments-of-approximately-2000-representative-dutch-men-and-women
#8
Floortje Mols, Olga Husson, Marije Oudejans, Carla Vlooswijk, Nicole Horevoorts, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse
OBJECTIVE: Cancer and its treatment have an influence on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Normative data could help to interpret HRQOL among cancer patients. Our aim was to generate longitudinal normative data based on sex, age and morbidity for the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 questionnaire. METHODS: The QLQ-C30 and the Self-administered Comorbidity Questionnaire were administered to a representative panel of the Dutch-speaking population in the Netherlands in 2009 (n = 1743), 2010 (n = 2050), 2011 (n = 2040), 2012 (n = 2194) and 2013 (n = 2333)...
June 18, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912591/optical-coherence-tomography-oct-study-in-argentinean-huntington-s-disease-patients
#9
Emilia Gatto, Virginia Parisi, Gabriel Persi, Estela Fernandez Rey, Martin Cesarini, José Luis Etcheverry, Pablo Rivera, Ferdinando Squitieri
BACKGROUND: Huntington's disease (HD) is a genetic, rare and progressive neurodegenerative disorder that causes motor and cognitive impairment in midlife patients. Although retinal damage was observed in animal HD models and in patients with other neurodegenerative diseases, we still need confirmation of impairment in HD patients. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive methodology that analyzes the retinal nerve fiber layers (RNFL) and could reflect processes of neurodegeneration...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912295/relationships-between-tau-and-glucose-metabolism-reflect-alzheimer-s-disease-pathology-in-cognitively-normal-older-adults
#10
Jenna N Adams, Samuel N Lockhart, Lexin Li, William J Jagust
Tau is associated with hypometabolism in patients with Alzheimer's disease. In normal aging, the association between tau and glucose metabolism is not fully characterized. We used [18F] AV-1451, [18F] Fluorodeoxyglucose, and [11C] Pittsburgh Compound-B (PiB) PET to measure associations between tau and glucose metabolism in cognitively normal older adults (N = 49). Participants were divided into amyloid-negative (PiB-, n = 28) and amyloid-positive (PiB+, n = 21) groups to determine effects of amyloid-β. We assessed both local and across-brain regional tau-glucose metabolism associations separately in PiB-/PiB+ groups using correlation matrices and sparse canonical correlations...
April 18, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912269/medication-management-performance-and-associated-cognitive-correlates-in-healthy-older-adults-and-older-adults-with-amci
#11
Catherine A Sumida, Thao T Vo, Emily J Van Etten, Maureen Schmitter-Edgecombe
Objective: Difficulties managing medications, particularly among older adults experiencing cognitive deficits, is an important contributing factor to medication nonadherence that may have significant negative financial and health outcomes. The current study examined the performance of healthy older adults' (HOA) and individuals with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) on the medication management abilities assessment's (MMAA, a performance-based measure of medication management) original scoring criteria and derived error process measures, assessing medication overtaking and undertaking magnitude...
April 18, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912061/a-single-low-dose-of-hydrocortisone-enhances-cognitive-functioning-in-hiv-infected-women
#12
Leah H Rubin, K Luan Phan, Sheila M Keating, Pauline M Maki
OBJECTIVE: Low-dose hydrocortisone (LDH) enhances aspects of learning and memory in select populations including patients with PTSD and HIV-infected men. HIV-infected women show impairments in learning and memory, but the cognitive effects of LDH in HIV-infected women are unknown. DESIGN: Double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study examining the time-dependent effects of a single low-dose administration of hydrocortisone (10 mg oral) on cognition in 36 HIV-infected women...
June 14, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912008/processed-electroencephalogram-monitoring-and-postoperative-delirium-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Kristen K MacKenzie, Angelitta M Britt-Spells, Laura P Sands, Jacqueline M Leung
BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium complicates approximately 15 to 20% of major operations in patients at least 65 yr old and is associated with adverse outcomes and increased resource utilization. Furthermore, patients with postoperative delirium might also be at risk of developing long-term postoperative cognitive dysfunction. One potentially modifiable variable is use of intraoperative processed electroencephalogram to guide anesthesia. This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the relationship between processed electroencephalogram monitoring and postoperative delirium and cognitive dysfunction...
June 15, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911970/large-scale-network-integration-in-the-human-brain-tracks-temporal-fluctuations-in-memory-encoding-performance
#14
Ruedeerat Keerativittayayut, Ryuta Aoki, Mitra Taghizadeh Sarabi, Koji Jimura, Kiyoshi Nakahara
Although activation/deactivation of specific brain regions have been shown to be predictive of successful memory encoding, the relationship between time-varying large-scale brain networks and fluctuations of memory encoding performance remains unclear. Here we investigated time-varying functional connectivity patterns across the human brain in periods of 30-40 s, which have recently been implicated in various cognitive functions. During functional magnetic resonance imaging, participants performed a memory encoding task, and their performance was assessed with a subsequent surprise memory test...
June 18, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911759/medical-cognitive-and-psychiatric-characteristics-in-a-large-israeli-cohort-of-individuals-with-williams-syndrome
#15
Chen Dror, Amanda Sinai, Doron Gothelf
BACKGROUND: Williams syndrome (WS) is a neurogenetic syndrome characterized by a variety of medical conditions and cognitive deficits along with distinct psychiatric and behavioral characteristics. To the best of our knowledge, no studies to date have comprehensively reported the prevalence of medical, cognitive deficits, and psychiatric disorders in one cohort of people with WS in one study. OBJECTIVES: To detail the prevalence of the various clinical features of WS in a large nationwide Israeli cohort...
June 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911605/happy-despite-pain-pilot-study-of-a-positive-psychology-intervention-for-patients-with-chronic-pain
#16
Ida K Flink, Elke Smeets, Sofia Bergboma, Madelon L Peters
Background and purpose Dealing with chronic pain is difficult and affects physiological as well as psychological well-being. Patients with chronic pain are often reporting concurrent emotional problems such as low mood and depressive symptoms. Considering this, treatments need to involve strategies for improving mood and promoting well-being in this group of patients. With the rise of the positive psychology movement, relatively simple intervention strategies to increase positive feelings, cognitions, and behaviours have become available...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911404/scors-g-and-card-pull-effect-of-tat-stories-a-study-with-a-nonclinical-sample-of-children
#17
Andrea F Auletta, Simone Cupellaro, Luigi Abbate, Elena Aiello, Pamela Cornacchia, Claudia Norcia, Carla Sogos
Previous research has shown that stimulus pull is one of the contributory factors influencing Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) responses. In recent years, there has been a resurgence of studies examining this. In particular, the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G) has been employed to examine stimulus pull in adult clinical and nonclinical samples. The present study is the first attempt to examine this issue in a nonclinical sample of children. Ninety-eight children from Italian elementary (1st to 5th grade) and middle (6th to 8th grade) schools provided narratives to six TAT cards (1, 2, 3BM, 4, 8BM, and 16)...
June 1, 2018: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911173/modeling-brain-dynamics-in-brain-tumor-patients-using-the-virtual-brain
#18
Hannelore Aerts, Michael Schirner, Ben Jeurissen, Dirk Van Roost, Eric Achten, Petra Ritter, Daniele Marinazzo
Presurgical planning for brain tumor resection aims at delineating eloquent tissue in the vicinity of the lesion to spare during surgery. To this end, noninvasive neuroimaging techniques such as functional MRI and diffusion-weighted imaging fiber tracking are currently employed. However, taking into account this information is often still insufficient, as the complex nonlinear dynamics of the brain impede straightforward prediction of functional outcome after surgical intervention. Large-scale brain network modeling carries the potential to bridge this gap by integrating neuroimaging data with biophysically based models to predict collective brain dynamics...
May 2018: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910769/assessment-of-perceived-attractiveness-usability-and-societal-impact-of-a-multimodal-robotic-assistant-for-aging-patients-with-memory-impairments
#19
Justyna Gerłowska, Urszula Skrobas, Katarzyna Grabowska-Aleksandrowicz, Agnieszka Korchut, Sebastian Szklener, Dorota Szczęśniak-Stańczyk, Dimitrios Tzovaras, Konrad Rejdak
The aim of the present study is to present the results of the assessment of clinical application of the robotic assistant for patients suffering from mild cognitive impairments (MCI) and Alzheimer Disease (AD). The human-robot interaction (HRI) evaluation approach taken within the study is a novelty in the field of social robotics. The proposed assessment of the robotic functionalities are based on end-user perception of attractiveness, usability and potential societal impact of the device. The methods of evaluation applied consist of User Experience Questionnaire (UEQ), AttrakDiff and the societal impact inventory tailored for the project purposes...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910755/promoting-well-being-in-old-age-the-psychological-benefits-of-two-training-programs-of-adapted-physical-activity
#20
Antonella Delle Fave, Marta Bassi, Elena S Boccaletti, Carlotta Roncaglione, Giuseppina Bernardelli, Daniela Mari
In the last few decades, the relationship between physical conditions and mental health has increasingly attracted the interest of researchers and professionals across disciplines. This relationship is especially relevant in old age, as the challenges posed by aging at various levels represent crucial concerns for policy makers. Due to the remarkable increase in life expectancy across countries, sustainable prevention strategies are needed to help individuals preserve psychophysical well-being in old age. In particular, the regular practice of a moderately intense physical activity is recommended by the World Health Organization to enhance balance, prevent falls, strengthen muscles, and promote psychophysical well-being...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
keyword
keyword
62097
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"