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American Geriatrics Society

Olubode A Olufajo, Gally Reznor, Stuart R Lipsitz, Zara R Cooper, Adil H Haider, Ali Salim, Erika L Rangel
BACKGROUND: The risk of mortality after emergency general surgery (EGS) in elderly patients is prolonged beyond initial hospitalization. Our objective was to develop a preoperative scoring tool to quantify risk of 1-year mortality. METHODS: Three hundred ninety EGS patients aged 70 years or more were analyzed. Risk factors for 1-year mortality were identified using stepwise-forward logistic multivariate regression and weights assigned using natural logarithm of odds ratios...
September 3, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Michael W Rich, Deborah A Chyun, Adam H Skolnick, Karen P Alexander, Daniel E Forman, Dalane W Kitzman, Mathew S Maurer, James B McClurken, Barbara M Resnick, Win K Shen, David L Tirschwell
The incidence and prevalence of most cardiovascular disorders increase with age, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death and major disability in adults aged 75 and older. Despite the effect of CVD on quality of life, morbidity, and mortality in older adults, individuals aged 75 and older have been markedly underrepresented in most major cardiovascular trials, and virtually all trials have excluded older adults with complex comorbidities, significant physical or cognitive disabilities, frailty, or residence in nursing homes and assisted living facilities...
September 27, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
D Eschbach, T Kirchbichler, T Wiesmann, L Oberkircher, C Bliemel, S Ruchholtz, B Buecking
BACKGROUND: Most studies focusing on improving the nutritional status of geriatric trauma patients exclude patients with cognitive impairment. These patients are especially at risk of malnutrition at admission and of worsening during the perioperative fasting period. This study was planned as a feasibility study to identify the difficulties involved in including this high-risk collective of cognitively impaired geriatric trauma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective intervention study included cognitively impaired geriatric patients (Mini-Mental State Examination <25, age >65 years) with hip-related fractures...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Judith H Tomlinson, Judith S L Partridge
Postoperative delirium is a common complication in the older surgical population, occurring in 10-50 % of cases. It is thought to be more common if an individual is identified as frail. Postoperative delirium is associated with poor outcome including higher mortality rates, prolonged length of hospital stay, increased care needs on discharge and longer term post-traumatic stress disorder. Guidelines from the American Geriatric Society and the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence highlight the importance of risk assessment at the time of the preoperative visit...
2016: Perioperative Medicine
Gary A Walco, Elliot J Krane, Kenneth E Schmader, Debra K Weiner
UNLABELLED: An ideal taxonomy of chronic pain would be applicable to people of all ages. Developmental sciences focus on lifespan developmental approaches, and view the trajectory of processes in the life course from birth to death. In this article we provide a review of lifespan developmental models, describe normal developmental processes that affect pain processing, and identify deviations from those processes that lead to stable individual differences of clinical interest, specifically the development of chronic pain syndromes...
September 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Ersin Ercin, M Gokhan Bilgili, Cihangir Sari, S Hakan Basaran, Bulent Tanriverdi, Erdem Edipoglu, K Mumtaz Celen, Halil Cetingok, Cemal Kural
BACKGROUND: Only a little is known about whether type of surgical intervention has an effect on mortality of these patients. Our primary objective was to assess whether different type of surgical procedures has an effect on mortality among elderly patients with hip fracture. A secondary objective was to examine factors that are related to mortality in our patient population. Our hypothesis is that type of surgical procedure, especially external fixation, should have an influence on mortality outcomes...
August 31, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Naveen Salins, Raghavendra Ramanjulu, Lipika Patra, Jayita Deodhar, Mary Ann Muckaden
INTRODUCTION: World Health Organization and American Society of Clinical Oncology recommend early integration of specialist palliative care in patients with cancer. This paper focuses on critical review of evidence on integration of early specialist palliative care in cancer care and patient-related outcomes. METHODS: The question for the literature search was - Does integration of early specialist palliative care in cancer care influences patient-related outcomes? 31 articles related to literature search review question were included in this paper...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
Thomas T Yoshikawa, Joseph G Ouslander, William B Applegate
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Dae Hyun Kim, Carl F Pieper, Ali Ahmed, Cathleen S Colón-Emeric
Observational studies are an important source of evidence for evaluating treatment benefits and harms in older adults, but lack of comparability in the outcome risk factors between the treatment groups leads to confounding. Propensity score (PS) analysis is widely used in aging research to reduce confounding. Understanding the assumptions and pitfalls of common PS analysis methods is fundamental to applying and interpreting PS analysis. This review was developed based on a symposium of the American Geriatrics Society Annual Meeting on the use and interpretation of PS analysis in May 2014...
August 22, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Brienne Miner, Mary E Tinetti, Peter H Van Ness, Ling Han, Linda Leo-Summers, Anne B Newman, Patty J Lee, Carlos A Vaz Fragoso
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the associations between a broad array of cardiorespiratory and noncardiorespiratory impairments and dyspnea in older persons. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Cardiovascular Health Study. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling persons (N = 4,413; mean age 72.6, 57.1% female, 4.5% African American, 27.2% <high school education, 54.7% ever-smokers). MEASUREMENTS: Dyspnea severity (moderate to severe defined as American Thoracic Society Grade ≥2) and several impairments, including those established using spirometry (forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 )), maximal inspiratory pressure (respiratory muscle strength), echocardiography, ankle-brachial index, blood pressure, whole-body muscle mass (bioelectrical impedance), single chair stand (lower extremity function), grip strength, serum hemoglobin and creatinine, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), Mini-Mental State Examination, medication use, and body mass index (BMI)...
August 22, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Harvey Jay Cohen, David Smith, Can-Lan Sun, William Tew, Supriya G Mohile, Cynthia Owusu, Heidi D Klepin, Cary P Gross, Stuart M Lichtman, Ajeet Gajra, Julie Filo, Vani Katheria, Arti Hurria
BACKGROUND: Frailty has been suggested as a construct for oncologists to consider in treating older cancer patients. Therefore, the authors assessed the potential of creating a deficit-accumulation frailty index (DAFI) from a largely self-administered comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA). METHODS: Five hundred patients aged ≥65 years underwent a CGA before receiving chemotherapy. A DAFI was constructed, resulting in a 51-item scale, and cutoff values were examined for patients in the robust/nonfrail (cutoff value, 0...
August 16, 2016: Cancer
Eleni Kanasi, Srinivas Ayilavarapu, Judith Jones
Epidemiologic studies show that 11% of the world's population is over 60 years of age; this is projected to increase, by 2050, to 22% of the population. Oral aging is a current focus of several organizations including the Federation Dentaire Internationale, the World Health Organization and the American and Japanese Dental Associations. In their Tokyo Declaration, the Japanese Association identified the elderly population as one of its main target groups. One of the WHO goals is for each person to retain more than 20 teeth by age 80, despite the fact that the prevalence of periodontal disease is continuously rising as the population is aging...
October 2016: Periodontology 2000
Elizabeth Eckstrom, Margaret B Neal, Vicki Cotrell, Colleen M Casey, Glenise McKenzie, Megan W Morgove, Gary E DeLander, William Simonson, Kathie Lasater
Falls are the leading cause of accidental deaths in older adults and are a growing public health concern. The American Geriatrics Society (AGS) and British Geriatrics Society (BGS) published guidelines for falls screening and risk reduction, yet few primary care providers report following any guidelines for falls prevention. This article describes a project that engaged an interprofessional teaching team to support interprofessional clinical teams to reduce fall risk in older adults by implementing the AGS/BGS guidelines...
August 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
E C Folbert, J H Hegeman, M Vermeer, E M Regtuijt, D van der Velde, H J Ten Duis, J P Slaets
: To improve the quality of care and reduce the healthcare costs of elderly patients with a hip fracture, surgeons and geriatricians collaborated intensively due to the special needs of these patients. After treatment at the Centre for Geriatric Traumatology (CvGT), we found a significant decrease in the 1-year mortality rate in frail elderly patients compared to the historical control patients who were treated with standard care. INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to evaluate the effect of an orthogeriatric treatment model on elderly patients with a hip fracture on the 1-year mortality rate and identify associated risk factors...
July 21, 2016: Osteoporosis International
Anna Kot, Jakub Kenig, Piotr Wałęga
UNLABELLED: Demographic changes associated with the aging population mean that surgeons increasingly have contact and make decisions about treating patients from the oldest age groups. The aim of the study was to review the literature concerning the treatment of acute appendicitis in patients over the age of 60 years old. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A review of the literature published in the years 2000-2015 has been carried out using the PubMed database. The initial number of results corresponding to the query in English, "appendicitis (MeSH) AND elderly (MeSH)" was 260...
May 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Peter Hoang, Rebecca L Salbu
The American Geriatrics Society 2015 Beers Criteria Update Expert Panel has revised its recommendation to avoid use of nitrofurantoin in renal impairment from patients with a creatinine clearance (Clcr) of less than 60 mL/min to those with a Clcr of less than 30 mL/min, based on two retrospective studies that identified the safety and efficacy of nitrofurantoin in this population. This change in recommendation, along with increasing resistance to both sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim and fluoroquinolones, gave rise to the advantages of nitrofurantoin and may reflect a surge in prescribing among the elderly...
July 2016: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
Julia R Berian, Sanjay Mohanty, Clifford Y Ko, Ronnie A Rosenthal, Thomas N Robinson
IMPORTANCE: Older adults are at increased risk for adverse events after surgical procedures. Loss of independence (LOI), defined as a decline in function or mobility, increased care needs at home, or discharge to a nonhome destination, is an important patient-centered outcome measure. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate LOI among older adult patients after surgical procedures and examine the association of LOI with readmission and death after discharge in this population. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This retrospective cohort study examined 9972 patients 65 years and older with known baseline function, mobility, and living situation undergoing inpatient operations from January 2014 to December 2014 at 26 hospitals participating in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Geriatric Surgery Pilot Project...
September 21, 2016: JAMA Surgery
William B Applegate, Joseph G Ouslander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Steven G Morgan, Jordan Hunt, Jocelyn Rioux, Jeffery Proulx, Deirdre Weymann, Cara Tannenbaum
BACKGROUND: Many medications pose greater health risks when prescribed for older adults, compared with available pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic alternatives. We sought to quantify the frequency and cost of potentially inappropriate prescribing for older women and men in Canada. METHODS: Using data for 2013 from the National Prescription Drug Utilization Information System database, which contains prescription claims from publicly financed drug plans in all provinces except for Quebec, we identified the frequency of prescribing and cost of potentially inappropriate medications dispensed to provincial drug plan enrollees aged 65 years or more...
April 2016: CMAJ Open
Tangül Beydeş, Semih Küçükgüçlü, Şule Özbilgin, Bahar Kuvaki, Meltem Ademoğlu, Melek Sarı
OBJECTIVE: It is more difficult to perform bag-mask ventilation in edentulous patients than in patients with intact dentition. The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) provides a better alternative to the standard face mask if the facial contours of the patient are not suited for the standard face mask. We aimed to compare these two different LMAs in edentulous geriatric patients. METHODS: Edentulous patients aged ≥65 years of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-III were included in the study...
February 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
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