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American Geriatric Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198559/list-of-referees-reviewers-for-the-journal-of-the-american-geriatrics-society-jags-from-january-to-december-2016
#1
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February 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188187/electronic-rapid-fitness-assessment-a-novel-tool-for-preoperative-evaluation-of-the-geriatric-oncology-patient
#2
Armin Shahrokni, Amy Tin, Robert J Downey, Vivian Strong, Sanam Mahmoudzadeh, Manpreet K Boparai, Sincere McMillan, Andrew Vickers, Beatriz Korc-Grodzicki
Background: The American College of Surgeons and American Geriatrics Society recommend performing a geriatric assessment (GA) in the preoperative evaluation of older patients. To address this, we developed an electronic GA, the Electronic Rapid Fitness Assessment (eRFA). We reviewed the feasibility and clinical utility of the eRFA in the preoperative evaluation of geriatric patients. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of our experience using the eRFA in the preoperative assessment of geriatric patients...
February 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164825/geriatric-care-issues-an-american-and-an-international-perspective
#3
REVIEW
Mohamad A Sidani, Brian C Reed, Jeffrey Steinbauer
As the global population ages, there is an opportunity to benefit from the increased longevity of a healthy older adult population. Healthy older individuals often contribute financially to younger generations by offering financial assistance, paying more in taxes than benefits received, and providing unpaid childcare and voluntary work. Governments must address the challenges of income insecurity, access to health care, social isolation, and neglect that currently face elderly adults in many countries. A reduction in disparities in these areas can lead to better health outcomes and allow societies to benefit from longer, healthier lives of their citizens...
March 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124479/is-spinal-surgery-safe-in-octogenarians
#4
Harrison G Mihailidis, Simon Manners, Leonid Churilov, Gerald M Y Quan
BACKGROUND: An ageing population and advances in medical management often requires spinal surgeons to increasingly operate on patients older than 80 years. The ability to predict complications and mortality rates would allow discrimination of which octogenarians are able to safely undergo spinal surgery. Therefore, the aims of this study were to determine whether comorbidities and extent of surgery were associated with complications in this age group, in addition to which comorbidity and physical status assessment scales were best associated with the development of complications following spinal surgery...
January 26, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102637/american-geriatrics-society-policy-priorities-for-new-administration-and-115-th-congress
#5
Nancy E Lundebjerg, Peter Hollmann, Michael L Malone
In a recent letter sent to then President-Elect Trump and to Senate and House leaders, the American Geriatrics Society (AGS) addressed federal programs and policies that are important to the health, independence, and quality of life of older Americans and their families. This paper is a statement of the Society's core policy priorities and the Society's positions on federal programs and policies that support older Americans as articulated to the new administration. The AGS is committed to leveraging its expertise to inform regulatory and legislative policy proposals...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092400/aging-the-medical-subspecialties-and-career-development-where-we-were-where-we-are-going
#6
Arti Hurria, Kevin P High, Lona Mody, Frances McFarland Horne, Marcus Escobedo, Jeffrey Halter, William Hazzard, Kenneth Schmader, Heidi Klepin, Sei Lee, Una E Makris, Michael W Rich, Stephanie Rogers, Jocelyn Wiggins, Rachael Watman, Jennifer Choi, Nancy Lundebjerg, Susan Zieman
Historically, the medical subspecialties have not focused on the needs of older adults. This has changed with the implementation of initiatives to integrate geriatrics and aging research into the medical and surgical subspecialties and with the establishment of a home for internal medicine specialists within the annual American Geriatrics Society (AGS) meeting. With the support of AGS, other professional societies, philanthropies, and federal agencies, efforts to integrate geriatrics into the medical and surgical subspecialties have focused largely on training the next generation of physicians and researchers...
January 16, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074747/liraglutide-a-glucagon-like-peptide-1-agonist-for-chronic-weight-management
#7
Kendra R Manigault, Maria Miller Thurston
OBJECTIVE: To review the efficacy and safety of liraglutide 3.0 mg for weight loss. DATA SOURCE: A literature search was performed using PubMed and MEDLINE from 2000 to 2016. The following key terms were used alone or in combination: glucagon-like peptide-1 agonist, liraglutide, obesity, overweight, and weight loss. Additional supporting literature was identified utilizing the reference lists of the preceding articles. STUDY SELECTION: Analyzed studies were published in English and investigated use of liraglutide and its impact on weight loss...
December 1, 2016: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974304/improving-hip-fracture-outcomes-with-integrated-orthogeriatric-care-a-comparison-between-two-accepted-orthogeriatric-models
#8
Mark Middleton, Bettina Wan, Ruy da Assunçāo
BACKGROUND: our orthopaedic trauma unit serves a large elderly population, admitting 400-500 hip fractures annually. A higher than expected mortality was detected amongst these patients, prompting a change in the hip fracture pathway. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a change in orthogeriatric provision on hip fracture outcomes and care quality indicators. PATIENTS AND METHODS: the hip fracture pathway was changed from a geriatric consultation service to a completely integrated service on a dedicated orthogeriatric ward...
December 14, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874181/ags-position-statement-making-medical-treatment-decisions-for-unbefriended-older-adults
#9
Timothy W Farrell, Eric Widera, Lisa Rosenberg, Craig D Rubin, Aanand D Naik, Ursula Braun, Alexia Torke, Ina Li, Caroline Vitale, Joseph Shega
In this position statement, we define unbefriended older adults as patients who: (1) lack decisional capacity to provide informed consent to the medical treatment at hand; (2) have not executed an advance directive that addresses the medical treatment at hand and lack capacity to do so; and (3) lack family, friends or a legally authorized surrogate to assist in the medical decision-making process. Given the vulnerable nature of this population, clinicians, health care teams, ethics committees and other stakeholders working with unbefriended older adults must be diligent when formulating treatment decisions on their behalf...
November 22, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871540/comparison-of-the-effects-of-truview-pcd%C3%A2-video-laryngoscopy-and-macintosh-blade-direct-laryngoscopy-in-geriatric-patients
#10
Muhammed M Kurnaz, Aykut Sarıtaş
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of Truview PCD™ video laryngoscopy (TVL) and Macintosh blade direct laryngoscopy (MDL) on hemodynamic responses observed during laryngoscopy and orotracheal intubation conditions in geriatric patients. DESIGN: Randomized prospective study. SETTING: Operating room. PATIENTS: One hundred patients in the risk group American Society of Anesthesiologists I to III aged 65 years and older underwent elective surgery under general anesthesia...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858974/report-and-research-agenda-of-the-american-geriatrics-society-and-national-institute-on-aging-bedside-to-bench-conference-on-sleep-circadian-rhythms-and-aging-new-avenues-for-improving-brain-health-physical-health-and-functioning
#11
Constance H Fung, Michael V Vitiello, Cathy A Alessi, George A Kuchel
The American Geriatrics Society, with support from the National Institute on Aging and other funders, held its eighth Bedside-to-Bench research conference, entitled "Sleep, Circadian Rhythms, and Aging: New Avenues for Improving Brain Health, Physical Health and Functioning," October 4 to 6, 2015, in Bethesda, Maryland. Part of a conference series addressing three common geriatric syndromes-delirium, sleep and circadian rhythm (SCR) disturbance, and voiding dysfunction-the series highlighted relationships and pertinent clinical and pathophysiological commonalities between these three geriatric syndromes...
December 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847786/use-of-a-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-to-predict-short-term-postoperative-outcome-in-elderly-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#12
Yoon Hyun Lee, Heung-Kwon Oh, Duck-Woo Kim, Myong Hoon Ihn, Jee Hyun Kim, Il Tae Son, Sung Il Kang, Gwang Il Kim, Soyeon Ahn, Sung-Bum Kang
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to identify the effectiveness of a preoperative comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) for predicting postoperative morbidity in elderly patients who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer. METHODS: Elderly patients (≥70 years old) who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer at a tertiary hospital in Korea were identified, and their cases were analyzed using data from a prospectively collected database to establish an association between major postsurgical complications and 'high-risk' patient as defined by the CGA...
October 2016: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831798/an-official-american-thoracic-society-workshop-report-evaluation-and-management-of-asthma-in-the-elderly
#13
Gwen S Skloot, Paula J Busse, Sidney S Braman, Elizabeth J Kovacs, Anne E Dixon, Carlos A Vaz Fragoso, Nicola Scichilone, Y S Prakash, Christina M Pabelick, Sameer K Mathur, Nicola A Hanania, Wendy C Moore, Peter G Gibson, Susan Zieman, Betina B Ragless
Asthma in the elderly (>65 yr old) is common and associated with higher morbidity and mortality than asthma in younger patients. The poor outcomes in this group are due, in part, to underdiagnosis and undertreatment. There are a variety of factors related to aging itself that affect the presentation of asthma in the elderly and influence diagnosis and management. Structural changes in the aging lung superimposed on structural changes due to asthma itself can worsen the disease and physiologic function. Changes in the aging immune system influence the cellular composition and function in asthmatic airways...
November 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814838/benzodiazepine-use-in-older-adults-dangers-management-and-alternative-therapies
#14
REVIEW
Matej Markota, Teresa A Rummans, John Michael Bostwick, Maria I Lapid
Several major medical and psychiatric organizations, including the American Geriatrics Society, advise against using benzodiazepines or nonbenzodiazepine hypnotics in older adults. Despite these recommendations, benzodiazepines continue to be massively prescribed to a group with the highest risk of serious adverse effects from these medications. This article summarizes legitimate reasons for prescribing benzodiazepines in the elderly, serious associated risks of prescribing them, particularly when not indicated, barriers physicians encounter in changing their prescription patterns, and evidence-based strategies on how to discontinue benzodiazepines in older patients...
November 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743591/preoperative-assessment-of-surgical-risk-creation-of-a-scoring-tool-to-estimate-1-year-mortality-after-emergency-abdominal-surgery-in-the-elderly-patient
#15
Olubode A Olufajo, Gally Reznor, Stuart R Lipsitz, Zara R Cooper, Adil H Haider, Ali Salim, Erika L Rangel
BACKGROUND: The risk of mortality after emergency general surgery (EGS) in elderly patients is prolonged beyond initial hospitalization. Our objective was to develop a preoperative scoring tool to quantify risk of 1-year mortality. METHODS: Three hundred ninety EGS patients aged 70 years or more were analyzed. Risk factors for 1-year mortality were identified using stepwise-forward logistic multivariate regression and weights assigned using natural logarithm of odds ratios...
September 3, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673575/knowledge-gaps-in-cardiovascular-care-of-older-adults-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association-american-college-of-cardiology-and-american-geriatrics-society-executive-summary
#16
Michael W Rich, Deborah A Chyun, Adam H Skolnick, Karen P Alexander, Daniel E Forman, Dalane W Kitzman, Mathew S Maurer, James B McClurken, Barbara M Resnick, Win K Shen, David L Tirschwell
The incidence and prevalence of most cardiovascular disorders increase with age, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death and major disability in adults aged 75 and older. Despite the effect of CVD on quality of life, morbidity, and mortality in older adults, individuals aged 75 and older have been markedly underrepresented in most major cardiovascular trials, and virtually all trials have excluded older adults with complex comorbidities, significant physical or cognitive disabilities, frailty, or residence in nursing homes and assisted living facilities...
November 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672318/nutritional-intervention-in-cognitively-impaired-geriatric-trauma-patients-a-feasibility-study
#17
D Eschbach, T Kirchbichler, T Wiesmann, L Oberkircher, C Bliemel, S Ruchholtz, B Buecking
BACKGROUND: Most studies focusing on improving the nutritional status of geriatric trauma patients exclude patients with cognitive impairment. These patients are especially at risk of malnutrition at admission and of worsening during the perioperative fasting period. This study was planned as a feasibility study to identify the difficulties involved in including this high-risk collective of cognitively impaired geriatric trauma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective intervention study included cognitively impaired geriatric patients (Mini-Mental State Examination <25, age >65 years) with hip-related fractures...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594990/preoperative-discussion-with-patients-about-delirium-risk-are-we-doing-enough
#18
EDITORIAL
Judith H Tomlinson, Judith S L Partridge
Postoperative delirium is a common complication in the older surgical population, occurring in 10-50 % of cases. It is thought to be more common if an individual is identified as frail. Postoperative delirium is associated with poor outcome including higher mortality rates, prolonged length of hospital stay, increased care needs on discharge and longer term post-traumatic stress disorder. Guidelines from the American Geriatric Society and the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence highlight the importance of risk assessment at the time of the preoperative visit...
2016: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586828/applying-a-lifespan-developmental-perspective-to-chronic-pain-pediatrics-to-geriatrics
#19
Gary A Walco, Elliot J Krane, Kenneth E Schmader, Debra K Weiner
UNLABELLED: An ideal taxonomy of chronic pain would be applicable to people of all ages. Developmental sciences focus on lifespan developmental approaches, and view the trajectory of processes in the life course from birth to death. In this article we provide a review of lifespan developmental models, describe normal developmental processes that affect pain processing, and identify deviations from those processes that lead to stable individual differences of clinical interest, specifically the development of chronic pain syndromes...
September 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577731/risk-factors-for-mortality-in-geriatric-hip-fractures-a-compressional-study-of-different-surgical-procedures-in-785-consecutive-patients
#20
Ersin Ercin, M Gokhan Bilgili, Cihangir Sari, S Hakan Basaran, Bulent Tanriverdi, Erdem Edipoglu, K Mumtaz Celen, Halil Cetingok, Cemal Kural
BACKGROUND: Only a little is known about whether type of surgical intervention has an effect on mortality of these patients. Our primary objective was to assess whether different type of surgical procedures has an effect on mortality among elderly patients with hip fracture. A secondary objective was to examine factors that are related to mortality in our patient population. Our hypothesis is that type of surgical procedure, especially external fixation, should have an influence on mortality outcomes...
January 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
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