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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283129/education-mitigates-the-relationship-of-stress-and-mental-disorders-among-rural-indian-women
#1
Nisha Fahey, Apurv Soni, Jeroan Allison, Jagdish Vankar, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Nancy Byatt, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Somashekhar Nimbalkar
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders (CMD) are a constellation of mental health conditions that include depression, anxiety, and other related nonpsychotic affective disorders. Qualitative explanatory models of mental health among reproductive-aged women in India reveal that distress is strongly associated with CMD. The relationship of perceived stress and CMD might be attenuated or exacerbated based on an individual's sociodemographic characteristics. OBJECTIVES: To screen for Common Mental Disorders (CMD) among reproductive-aged women from rural western India and explore how the relationship between perceived stress and CMD screening status varies by sociodemographic characteristics...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273759/validation-study-for-the-brief-measure-of-quality-of-life-and-quality-of-care
#2
Megumi Shimizu, Daisuke Fujisawa, Miho Kurihara, Kazuki Sato, Tatsuya Morita, Masashi Kato, Mitsunori Miyashita
BACKGROUND: To monitor quality of life (QOL) for patients with cancer in a large population-based survey, we developed a short QOL and quality-of-care (QOC) questionnaire. To determine the validity and reliability of this new questionnaire for evaluating QOL in patients with cancer. METHODS: Outpatients and inpatients at National Cancer Center Hospital East were administered a questionnaire, including the following items-the short QOL and QOC questionnaire (physical distress, pain, emotional distress, walk burden, and need for help with self-care; perceived general health status; and satisfaction with medical care and treatment by doctor, communication with doctor, support by health-care staff other than doctor, care for physical symptoms such as pain, and psychological care), the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G), the Cancer Care Evaluation Scale (CCES) for patients, and demographic and medical data...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257110/cancer-communication-and-family-caregiver-quality-of-life
#3
Elaine Wittenberg, Tami Borneman, Marianna Koczywas, Catherine Del Ferraro, Betty Ferrell
Family caregivers have enormous communication responsibilities tied to caregiving, such as sharing the patient's medical history with providers, relaying diagnosis and prognosis to other family members, and making decisions about care with the patient. While caregiver stress and burden has been widely documented in the caregiving literature, little is known about how communication burden, real or perceived communication challenges, impacts caregiver quality of life. In family caregiving, the City of Hope (COH) Quality of Life model proposes that the caregiving experience is reciprocal to the patient experience, impacting physical, social, psychological, and spiritual quality of life...
March 2, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236688/interventions-and-working-relationships-of-voluntary-organisations-for-diabetes-self-management-a-cross-national-study
#4
Mari Carmen Portillo, Anne Kennedy, Elka Todorova, Elena Regaira, Michel Wensing, Christina Foss, Christos Lionis, Ivaylo Vassilev, Valentin Goev, Anne Rogers
BACKGROUND: Diabetes has become a challenging health priority globally. Given the tensions of financially burdened health systems in Europe the mobilisation of community resources like voluntary organisations and community groups is seen as a health policy strategy to sustain the management of long-term conditions like diabetes. However, little is known about how this is happening in practice in Europe. OBJECTIVES: To explore diabetes self-management interventions undertaken or promoted by voluntary organisations and community groups in Europe; and describe the types of working relationships between these organisations, European health systems and users when implementing diabetes self-management programmes in different areas...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213659/profiles-of-mental-health-care-professionals-based-on-work-role-performance
#5
Marie-Pierre Markon, Jean-Marie Bamvita, François Chiocchio, Marie-Josée Fleury
The worldwide burden of mental disorders is considerable, and on the rise, putting pressure on health care systems. Current reforms aim to improve the efficiency of mental health care systems by increasing service integration in communities and strengthening primary mental health care. In this context, mental health care professionals (MHPs) are increasingly required to work on interdisciplinary teams in a variety of settings. Little is known, however, about the profiles of MHPs in relation to their perceived work role performance...
February 18, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185791/evolution-of-symptom-burden-of-advanced-lung-cancer-over-a-decade
#6
Mike R Sung, Milan V Patel, Sarvar Djalalov, Lisa W Le, Frances A Shepherd, Ronald L Burkes, Ronald Feld, Stephanie Lin, Roxana Tudor, Natasha B Leighl
INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer is associated with higher levels of symptom distress and unmet needs than other cancer types. We assessed changes in symptoms, function, understanding, and preferences of patients with advanced lung cancer over a 10-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 26-item self-administered questionnaire was used to assess symptom burden, functional impairment, knowledge of disease and treatment, and information preferences. The survey was administered to consecutive outpatients with advanced lung cancer first in 2002 and a second cohort in 2012...
January 5, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152864/use-of-an-automated-notification-tool-to-drive-real-time-patient-symptom-intervention
#7
Brandon Bosch, Diane Denny, Maurie Markman
160 Background: Cancer Treatment Centers of America, Inc. (CTCA) is a national network of hospitals that specialize in the treatment of patients fighting complex or advanced-stage cancer. The Symptom Inventory Tool (SIT) is an assessment tool that captures the patients' perceived symptom burden for real-time clinical intervention, from baseline and every 21 days thereafter. The SIT is comprised of questions utilizing the M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory tool, a validated assessment instrument with questions added and a free text box by CTCA...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152730/addressing-patient-needs-through-compilation-of-self-reported-verbatim-comments
#8
Diane Denny, Sarah Hizon, Danielle Kendrick, Maurie Markman
111 Background: Cancer Treatment Centers of America, Inc. (CTCA) is a national network of five hospitals that specialize in the treatment of patients fighting complex or advanced-stage cancer. The Symptom Inventory Tool (SIT) is an assessment that captures the patients' perceived symptom burden, from baseline and every 21 days thereafter. The SIT is comprised of questions utilizing the M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory tool, with eight questions and a free text box added by CTCA. Patient comments are provided in approximately 5% of all assessments (representing 3,700 comments) since initiation of the SIT...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977877/effects-of-stress-appraisal-on-the-quality-of-life-of-adult-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-and-their-primary-family-caregivers-in-korea
#9
In Seo La, Eun Kyoung Yun
BACKGROUND: Modern treatment for multiple myeloma (MM) has improved disease control and prolonged survival; thus, maintenance of quality of life (QoL) is considered a great concern for MM patients and their caregivers. The purpose of this study was to identify dyadic associations between stress appraisal and the QoL of patients with MM and their caregivers in Korea. METHODS: A total of 102 MM patient-caregiver dyads participated in this study. They independently reported their stress appraisal and QoL...
December 14, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896798/applicability-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-based-mobile-app-in-depression-nursing
#10
Kirsikka Kaipainen, Pasi Välkkynen, Nina Kilkku
Due to the high burden of depression, new models and methods of mental healthcare need to be developed. Prior research has shown the potential benefits of using technology tools such as mobile apps as self-help or combined with psychological treatment. Therefore, professionals should acquaint themselves with evidence-based apps to be able to use them with clients and guide the clients in their use. The purpose of this study was to explore how an acceptance and commitment therapy-based mobile app was perceived as a self-management tool among nurses, and how it could be applied in the prevention and treatment of depression and other mental health issues...
November 28, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732736/withdrawn-transcutaneous-electrical-stimulation-tes-for-treatment-of-constipation-in-children
#11
REVIEW
Ruey Terng Ng, Way Seah Lee, Hak Lee Ang, Kai Ming Teo, Yee Ian Yik, Nai Ming Lai
BACKGROUND: Childhood constipation is a common problem with substantial health, economic and emotional burdens. Existing therapeutic options, mainly pharmacological, are not consistently effective, and some are associated with adverse effects after prolonged use. Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES), a non-pharmacological approach, is postulated to facilitate bowel movement by modulating the nerves of the large bowel via the application of electrical current transmitted through the abdominal wall...
October 12, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720024/changes-in-perceptions-and-motivators-that-influence-the-implementation-of-on-farm-salmonella-control-measures-by-pig-farmers-in-england
#12
Elizabeth Marier, Richard Piers Smith, Johanne Ellis-Iversen, Eamon Watson, Derek Armstrong, Henk Hogeveen, Alasdair J C Cook
This study presents British farmers' perception of, and barriers to, implementing Salmonella control on pig farms. Four farms that had implemented interventions and their 33 close contacts (known to the intervention farmers) took part in interviews before (phase 1) and after (phase 2) intervention trials to assess the difference in perception over time. Their results were compared against those from nine randomly selected control farms. The hypothesis was that farms implementing interventions whether or not successful, would influence their close contacts' opinion over time...
October 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561332/why-do-marital-partners-of-people-living-with-hiv-not-test-for-hiv-a-qualitative-study-in-lusaka-zambia
#13
Maurice Musheke, Sonja Merten, Virginia Bond
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of HIV status is crucial for HIV prevention and management in marital relationships. Yet some marital partners of people living with HIV decline HIV testing despite knowing the HIV-positive status of their partners. To date, little research has explored the reasons for this. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study was undertaken in Lusaka, Zambia, between March 2010 and September 2011, nested within a larger ethnographic study. In-depth interviews were held with individuals who knew the HIV-positive status of their marital partners but never sought HIV testing (n = 30) and HIV service providers of a public sector clinic (n = 10)...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555105/dialysis-patient-perspectives-on-ckd-advocacy-a-semistructured-interview-study
#14
Gregory S Schober, Julia B Wenger, Celeste C Lee, Jonathan Oberlander, Jennifer E Flythe
BACKGROUND: Health advocacy groups provide education, raise public awareness, and engage in legislative, scientific, and regulatory processes to advance funding and treatments for many diseases. Despite a high burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the United States, public awareness and research funding lag behind those for other disease states. We undertook this study of patients receiving maintenance dialysis to describe knowledge and beliefs about CKD advocacy, understand perceptions regarding advocacy participation, and elicit ideas for generating more advocacy in the dialysis community...
January 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497437/non-fatal-injuries-treated-outside-a-hospital-in-hunan-china-results-from-a-household-interview-survey
#15
Yue Wu, Wei Zhang, Lin Zhang, David C Schwebel, Peishan Ning, Xunjie Cheng, Xin Deng, Li Li, Jing Deng, Guoqing Hu
BACKGROUND: Injury morbidity data are collected through hospital-based surveillance in many countries. We assessed the extent of non-fatal injures treated outside a hospital. METHODS: Data from the first provincial health household interview survey of Hunan, China, conducted in 2013, were used. Injury events were identified and included as medically significant when any of the following circumstances occurred in the prior 14 days: (i) receiving medical treatment from a doctor at a hospital following an injury; (ii) receiving medical treatment by self or others outside a hospital following an injury (e...
August 6, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492141/preparedness-for-use-of-the-rapid-result-hiv-self-test-by-gay-men-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-a-mixed-methods-exploratory-study-among-msm-and-those-involved-in-hiv-prevention-and-care
#16
P Flowers, J Riddell, C Park, B Ahmed, I Young, J Frankis, M Davis, M Gilbert, C Estcourt, L Wallace, L M McDaid
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore preparedness for the HIV self-test among men who have sex with men (MSM) and those involved in HIV prevention and care. METHODS: A mixed methods exploratory research design was employed, detailing awareness and willingness to use the self-test and the perceived barriers and facilitators to implementation. Quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis were completed in parallel. Descriptive and inferential analysis of cross-sectional bar-based survey data collected from MSM through a self-completed questionnaire and oral fluid specimen collection (n = 999) was combined with qualitative, thematic, analysis of data collected through 12 expert focus groups (n = 55) consisting of gay men, National Health Service (NHS) staff, community organizations, entrepreneurs and activists...
August 5, 2016: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426678/disease-burden-morbidity-assessment-by-self-report-psychometric-properties-in-older-adults-in-spain
#17
Irene Gm Wijers, Alba Ayala, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Angel Rodriguez-Laso, Vicente Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Maria João Forjaz
AIM: To carry out an analysis of the psychometric properties of the Disease Burden Morbidity Assessment (DBMA) according to the assumptions of the Classical Test Theory. METHODS: A sample of 707 community-dwelling adults aged 65 years and older, living in Spain, completed the DBMA. Psychometric properties of the scale (feasibility, acceptability, scaling assumptions, reliability and construct validity) were analyzed. RESULTS: The mean DBMA score was 6...
July 18, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379796/adverse-childhood-experiences-support-and-the-perception-of-ability-to-work-in-adults-with-disability
#18
Sophia Miryam Schüssler-Fiorenza Rose, Jessica G Eslinger, Lindsey Zimmerman, Jamie Scaccia, Betty S Lai, Catrin Lewis, Eva Alisic
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and support on self-reported work inability of adults reporting disability. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (ages 18-64) who participated in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System in 2009 or 2010 and who reported having a disability (n = 13,009). DESIGN AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The study used a retrospective cohort design with work inability as the main outcome. ACE categories included abuse (sexual, physical, emotional) and family dysfunction (domestic violence, incarceration, mental illness, substance abuse, divorce)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378432/transcutaneous-electrical-stimulation-tes-for-treatment-of-constipation-in-children
#19
REVIEW
Ruey Terng Ng, Way Seah Lee, Hak Lee Ang, Kai Ming Teo, Yee Ian Yik, Nai Ming Lai
BACKGROUND: Childhood constipation is a common problem with substantial health, economic and emotional burdens. Existing therapeutic options, mainly pharmacological, are not consistently effective, and some are associated with adverse effects after prolonged use. Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES), a non-pharmacological approach, is postulated to facilitate bowel movement by modulating the nerves of the large bowel via the application of electrical current transmitted through the abdominal wall...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378230/assessing-quality-of-life-of-self-reported-rheumatic-patients
#20
Pedro L Ferreira, Sónia P Gonçalves, Lara N Ferreira, Luis N Pereira, Patrícia Antunes, Nélia Gouveia, Ana Rodrigues, Helena Canhão, Jaime Branco
The aims of this study were to assess the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with self-reported rheumatic diseases (RD), to classify self-reported rheumatic patients in groups according to their health state and to explore the associations between health status and sociodemographic variables. Data came from the Portuguese Epidemiologic study of the RD. A sample of the Portuguese population aged 18 or more (n = 10,661) stratified by region and locality dimension was interviewed by trained interviewers and answered a standardized questionnaire that included the SF-36v1, the EQ-5D-3L, medical history, identification of potential rheumatic diseases, sociodemographic characteristics, among others...
September 2016: Rheumatology International
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