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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185791/evolution-of-symptom-burden-of-advanced-lung-cancer-over-a-decade
#1
Mike R Sung, Milan V Patel, Sarvar Djalalov, Lisa W Le, Frances A Shepherd, Ronald L Burkes, Ronald Feld, Stephanie Lin, Roxana Tudor, Natasha B Leighl
INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer is associated with higher levels of symptom distress and unmet needs than other cancer types. We assessed changes in symptoms, function, understanding, and preferences of patients with advanced lung cancer over a 10-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 26-item self-administered questionnaire was used to assess symptom burden, functional impairment, knowledge of disease and treatment, and information preferences. The survey was administered to consecutive outpatients with advanced lung cancer first in 2002 and a second cohort in 2012...
January 5, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152864/use-of-an-automated-notification-tool-to-drive-real-time-patient-symptom-intervention
#2
Brandon Bosch, Diane Denny, Maurie Markman
: 160 Background: Cancer Treatment Centers of America, Inc. (CTCA) is a national network of hospitals that specialize in the treatment of patients fighting complex or advanced-stage cancer. The Symptom Inventory Tool (SIT) is an assessment tool that captures the patients' perceived symptom burden for real-time clinical intervention, from baseline and every 21 days thereafter. The SIT is comprised of questions utilizing the M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory tool, a validated assessment instrument with questions added and a free text box by CTCA...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152730/addressing-patient-needs-through-compilation-of-self-reported-verbatim-comments
#3
Diane Denny, Sarah Hizon, Danielle Kendrick, Maurie Markman
: 111 Background: Cancer Treatment Centers of America, Inc. (CTCA) is a national network of five hospitals that specialize in the treatment of patients fighting complex or advanced-stage cancer. The Symptom Inventory Tool (SIT) is an assessment that captures the patients' perceived symptom burden, from baseline and every 21 days thereafter. The SIT is comprised of questions utilizing the M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory tool, with eight questions and a free text box added by CTCA. Patient comments are provided in approximately 5% of all assessments (representing 3,700 comments) since initiation of the SIT...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977877/effects-of-stress-appraisal-on-the-quality-of-life-of-adult-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-and-their-primary-family-caregivers-in-korea
#4
In Seo La, Eun Kyoung Yun
BACKGROUND: Modern treatment for multiple myeloma (MM) has improved disease control and prolonged survival; thus, maintenance of quality of life (QoL) is considered a great concern for MM patients and their caregivers. The purpose of this study was to identify dyadic associations between stress appraisal and the QoL of patients with MM and their caregivers in Korea. METHODS: A total of 102 MM patient-caregiver dyads participated in this study. They independently reported their stress appraisal and QoL...
December 14, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896798/applicability-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-based-mobile-app-in-depression-nursing
#5
Kirsikka Kaipainen, Pasi Välkkynen, Nina Kilkku
Due to the high burden of depression, new models and methods of mental healthcare need to be developed. Prior research has shown the potential benefits of using technology tools such as mobile apps as self-help or combined with psychological treatment. Therefore, professionals should acquaint themselves with evidence-based apps to be able to use them with clients and guide the clients in their use. The purpose of this study was to explore how an acceptance and commitment therapy-based mobile app was perceived as a self-management tool among nurses, and how it could be applied in the prevention and treatment of depression and other mental health issues...
November 28, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732736/withdrawn-transcutaneous-electrical-stimulation-tes-for-treatment-of-constipation-in-children
#6
REVIEW
Ruey Terng Ng, Way Seah Lee, Hak Lee Ang, Kai Ming Teo, Yee Ian Yik, Nai Ming Lai
BACKGROUND: Childhood constipation is a common problem with substantial health, economic and emotional burdens. Existing therapeutic options, mainly pharmacological, are not consistently effective, and some are associated with adverse effects after prolonged use. Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES), a non-pharmacological approach, is postulated to facilitate bowel movement by modulating the nerves of the large bowel via the application of electrical current transmitted through the abdominal wall...
October 12, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720024/changes-in-perceptions-and-motivators-that-influence-the-implementation-of-on-farm-salmonella-control-measures-by-pig-farmers-in-england
#7
Elizabeth Marier, Richard Piers Smith, Johanne Ellis-Iversen, Eamon Watson, Derek Armstrong, Henk Hogeveen, Alasdair J C Cook
This study presents British farmers' perception of, and barriers to, implementing Salmonella control on pig farms. Four farms that had implemented interventions and their 33 close contacts (known to the intervention farmers) took part in interviews before (phase 1) and after (phase 2) intervention trials to assess the difference in perception over time. Their results were compared against those from nine randomly selected control farms. The hypothesis was that farms implementing interventions whether or not successful, would influence their close contacts' opinion over time...
October 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561332/why-do-marital-partners-of-people-living-with-hiv-not-test-for-hiv-a-qualitative-study-in-lusaka-zambia
#8
Maurice Musheke, Sonja Merten, Virginia Bond
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of HIV status is crucial for HIV prevention and management in marital relationships. Yet some marital partners of people living with HIV decline HIV testing despite knowing the HIV-positive status of their partners. To date, little research has explored the reasons for this. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study was undertaken in Lusaka, Zambia, between March 2010 and September 2011, nested within a larger ethnographic study. In-depth interviews were held with individuals who knew the HIV-positive status of their marital partners but never sought HIV testing (n = 30) and HIV service providers of a public sector clinic (n = 10)...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555105/dialysis-patient-perspectives-on-ckd-advocacy-a-semistructured-interview-study
#9
Gregory S Schober, Julia B Wenger, Celeste C Lee, Jonathan Oberlander, Jennifer E Flythe
BACKGROUND: Health advocacy groups provide education, raise public awareness, and engage in legislative, scientific, and regulatory processes to advance funding and treatments for many diseases. Despite a high burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the United States, public awareness and research funding lag behind those for other disease states. We undertook this study of patients receiving maintenance dialysis to describe knowledge and beliefs about CKD advocacy, understand perceptions regarding advocacy participation, and elicit ideas for generating more advocacy in the dialysis community...
January 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497437/non-fatal-injuries-treated-outside-a-hospital-in-hunan-china-results-from-a-household-interview-survey
#10
Yue Wu, Wei Zhang, Lin Zhang, David C Schwebel, Peishan Ning, Xunjie Cheng, Xin Deng, Li Li, Jing Deng, Guoqing Hu
BACKGROUND: Injury morbidity data are collected through hospital-based surveillance in many countries. We assessed the extent of non-fatal injures treated outside a hospital. METHODS: Data from the first provincial health household interview survey of Hunan, China, conducted in 2013, were used. Injury events were identified and included as medically significant when any of the following circumstances occurred in the prior 14 days: (i) receiving medical treatment from a doctor at a hospital following an injury; (ii) receiving medical treatment by self or others outside a hospital following an injury (e...
August 6, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492141/preparedness-for-use-of-the-rapid-result-hiv-self-test-by-gay-men-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-a-mixed-methods-exploratory-study-among-msm-and-those-involved-in-hiv-prevention-and-care
#11
P Flowers, J Riddell, C Park, B Ahmed, I Young, J Frankis, M Davis, M Gilbert, C Estcourt, L Wallace, L M McDaid
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore preparedness for the HIV self-test among men who have sex with men (MSM) and those involved in HIV prevention and care. METHODS: A mixed methods exploratory research design was employed, detailing awareness and willingness to use the self-test and the perceived barriers and facilitators to implementation. Quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis were completed in parallel. Descriptive and inferential analysis of cross-sectional bar-based survey data collected from MSM through a self-completed questionnaire and oral fluid specimen collection (n = 999) was combined with qualitative, thematic, analysis of data collected through 12 expert focus groups (n = 55) consisting of gay men, National Health Service (NHS) staff, community organizations, entrepreneurs and activists...
August 5, 2016: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426678/disease-burden-morbidity-assessment-by-self-report-psychometric-properties-in-older-adults-in-spain
#12
Irene Gm Wijers, Alba Ayala, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Angel Rodriguez-Laso, Vicente Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Maria João Forjaz
AIM: To carry out an analysis of the psychometric properties of the Disease Burden Morbidity Assessment (DBMA) according to the assumptions of the Classical Test Theory. METHODS: A sample of 707 community-dwelling adults aged 65 years and older, living in Spain, completed the DBMA. Psychometric properties of the scale (feasibility, acceptability, scaling assumptions, reliability and construct validity) were analyzed. RESULTS: The mean DBMA score was 6...
July 18, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379796/adverse-childhood-experiences-support-and-the-perception-of-ability-to-work-in-adults-with-disability
#13
Sophia Miryam Schüssler-Fiorenza Rose, Jessica G Eslinger, Lindsey Zimmerman, Jamie Scaccia, Betty S Lai, Catrin Lewis, Eva Alisic
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and support on self-reported work inability of adults reporting disability. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (ages 18-64) who participated in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System in 2009 or 2010 and who reported having a disability (n = 13,009). DESIGN AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The study used a retrospective cohort design with work inability as the main outcome. ACE categories included abuse (sexual, physical, emotional) and family dysfunction (domestic violence, incarceration, mental illness, substance abuse, divorce)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378432/transcutaneous-electrical-stimulation-tes-for-treatment-of-constipation-in-children
#14
REVIEW
Ruey Terng Ng, Way Seah Lee, Hak Lee Ang, Kai Ming Teo, Yee Ian Yik, Nai Ming Lai
BACKGROUND: Childhood constipation is a common problem with substantial health, economic and emotional burdens. Existing therapeutic options, mainly pharmacological, are not consistently effective, and some are associated with adverse effects after prolonged use. Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES), a non-pharmacological approach, is postulated to facilitate bowel movement by modulating the nerves of the large bowel via the application of electrical current transmitted through the abdominal wall...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378230/assessing-quality-of-life-of-self-reported-rheumatic-patients
#15
Pedro L Ferreira, Sónia P Gonçalves, Lara N Ferreira, Luis N Pereira, Patrícia Antunes, Nélia Gouveia, Ana Rodrigues, Helena Canhão, Jaime Branco
The aims of this study were to assess the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with self-reported rheumatic diseases (RD), to classify self-reported rheumatic patients in groups according to their health state and to explore the associations between health status and sociodemographic variables. Data came from the Portuguese Epidemiologic study of the RD. A sample of the Portuguese population aged 18 or more (n = 10,661) stratified by region and locality dimension was interviewed by trained interviewers and answered a standardized questionnaire that included the SF-36v1, the EQ-5D-3L, medical history, identification of potential rheumatic diseases, sociodemographic characteristics, among others...
September 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355776/how-social-psychological-factors-may-modulate-auditory-and-cognitive-functioning-during-listening
#16
M Kathleen Pichora-Fuller
The framework for understanding effortful listening (FUEL) draws on psychological theories of cognition and motivation. In the present article, theories of social-cognitive psychology are related to the FUEL. Listening effort is defined in our consensus as the deliberate allocation of mental resources to overcome obstacles in goal pursuit when carrying out a task that involves listening. Listening effort depends not only on hearing difficulties and task demands but also on the listener's motivation to expend mental effort in challenging situations...
July 2016: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353119/correlates-of-psychological-outcomes-in-people-with-diabetes-results-from-the-second-diabetes-attitudes-wishes-and-needs-dawn2-%C3%A2-study
#17
A Nicolucci, K Kovacs Burns, R I G Holt, G Lucisano, S E Skovlund, A Kokoszka, M Massi Benedetti, M Peyrot
AIMS: To assess country- and individual-level correlates of psychological outcomes, and differences among countries in the associations of individual characteristics with psychological outcomes among adults with diabetes. METHODS: The second Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes and Needs (DAWN2(™) ) study assessed self-reported characteristics of people with diabetes in 17 countries, including 1368 adults with Type 1 diabetes and 7228 with Type 2 diabetes. In each country, a sample of 500 adults, stratified by diabetes type and treatment, completed a questionnaire incorporating the validated WHO-5 wellbeing index, the WHOQOL-BREF, and the five-item Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale, as well as the newly developed Diabetes Impact on Life Dimensions that assessed impact ranging from very positive to very negative, with no impact as the midpoint...
September 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274355/suicide-surveillance-and-health-systems-in-nepal-a-qualitative-and-social-network-analysis
#18
Ashley K Hagaman, Uden Maharjan, Brandon A Kohrt
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing recognition of the high burden of suicide deaths in low- and middle-income countries, there is wide variability in the type and quality of data collected and reported for suspected suicide deaths. Suicide data are filtered through reporting systems shaped by social, cultural, legal, and medical institutions. Lack of systematic reporting may underestimate public health needs or contribute to misallocation of resources to groups most at risk. METHODS: The goal of this study was to explore how institutional structures, cultural perspectives on suicide, and perceived criminality of self-harm influence the type and quality of suicide statistics, using Nepal as an example because of its purported high rate of suicide in the public health literature...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216085/informal-caregivers-burden-and-stress-in-caring-for-stroke-survivors-with-spatial-neglect-an-exploratory-mixed-method-study
#19
Peii Chen, Denise C Fyffe, Kimberly Hreha
BACKGROUND: Spatial neglect prolongs stroke survivors' recovery to independence. However, little is known about the impact of spatial neglect on caregivers of stroke survivors. OBJECTIVE: To explore the factors associated with burden and stress among informal caregivers of stroke survivors with spatial neglect. METHODS: Following the previous study of 108 stroke survivors, we reached 24 stroke survivors' caregivers, and 20 caregivers (age: M±SD=56...
May 24, 2016: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182736/universal-coverage-without-universal-access-institutional-barriers-to-health-care-among-women-sex-workers-in-vancouver-canada
#20
M Eugenia Socías, Jean Shoveller, Chili Bean, Paul Nguyen, Julio Montaner, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: Access to health care is a crucial determinant of health. Yet, even within settings that purport to provide universal health coverage (UHC), sex workers' experiences reveal systematic, institutionally ingrained barriers to appropriate quality health care. The aim of this study was to assess prevalence and correlates of institutional barriers to care among sex workers in a setting with UHC. METHODS: Data was drawn from an ongoing community-based, prospective cohort of women sex workers in Vancouver, Canada (An Evaluation of Sex Workers' Health Access)...
2016: PloS One
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