keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Rare causes of stroke

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211970/brain-hemorrhages-in-jacobsen-syndrome-a-retrospective-review-of-six-cases-and-clinical-recommendations
#1
Paul Grossfeld
Jacobsen syndrome is a rare chromosomal disorder caused by distal deletions in the long arm of chromosome 11. All patients with Jacobsen syndrome have Paris-Trousseau syndrome, a bleeding disorder that causes neonatal thrombocytopenia, and persistent platelet dysfunction. Despite that, to date there are no reported cases of hemorrhagic strokes occurring in patients with Jacobsen syndrome. In the last 6 years at least six cases of brain hemorrhages in patients with Jacobsen syndrome have occurred. In this report, we perform a retrospective review of these six cases...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208950/cerebral-venous-thrombosis-in-pregnancy-a-poignant-allegory-of-an-unusual-case
#2
Sheeba Marwah, Gaikwad Harsha Shailesh, Sumedha Gupta, Manjula Sharma, Pratima Mittal
Cerebral Venous Thrombosis (CVT), also known as cortical venous, cerebral sinus, cerebral venous sinus, or dural sinus thrombosis, is an infrequent grave condition affecting pregnant females, resulting from clot formation in one of the many outflow tracts of the brain. Although pregnancy-associated stroke or CVT is uncommon, the risk of stroke is greatly increased above the low baseline rate in young patients during late pregnancy and, even more so, during the puerperium. Haemorrhagic infarction can occur in the acute stage of CVT...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203183/cerebral-venous-thrombosis-in-the-superior-sagittal-sinus-as-a-rare-cause-of-a-paroxysmal-kinetic-tremor
#3
Kei Murao, Shuji Arakawa, Yoshihiko Furuta, Masahiro Shijo, Tetsuro Ago, Takanari Kitazono
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) has a broad spectrum of clinical presentation compared to arterial etiology. Seizure is one of the common symptoms and is more frequent than in other stroke types. Hence, transient neurological symptoms in CVT patients are usually due to epileptic seizures, while transient repetitive movement disorder is extremely rare except as a complication of epilepsy. We report a case of CVT in the superior sagittal sinus with a 1-year history of paroxysmal kinetic tremor without evident epilepsy...
September 2016: Case Reports in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169950/update-about-atrial-fibrillation-genetics
#4
Alexandra Pérez-Serra, Oscar Campuzano, Ramon Brugada
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Atrial fibrillation is an important cause of morbidity in the aging population. The mechanisms responsible for the triggering and maintenance of the chaotic atrial rhythm are still poorly understood. In this review, we will focus on the genetic aspects of atrial fibrillation, to understand causality, with special emphasis on recent studies published in the field. RECENT FINDINGS: Diseases such as hypertension, valvular heart disease, and heart failure may induce atrial fibrillation, which increases the risk of stroke and sudden cardiac death...
February 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168068/treatment-challenges-of-a-primary-vertebral-artery-aneurysm-causing-recurrent-ischemic-strokes
#5
Davide Strambo, Luca Peruzzotti-Jametti, Aurora Semerano, Giovanna Fanelli, Franco Simionato, Roberto Chiesa, Enrico Rinaldi, Vittorio Martinelli, Giancarlo Comi, Marco Bacigaluppi, Maria Sessa
Background. Extracranial vertebral artery aneurysms are a rare cause of embolic stroke; surgical and endovascular therapy options are debated and long-term complication may occur. Case Report. A 53-year-old man affected by neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) came to our attention for recurrent vertebrobasilar embolic strokes, caused by a primary giant, partially thrombosed, fusiform aneurysm of the left extracranial vertebral artery. The aneurysm was treated by endovascular approach through deposition of Guglielmi Detachable Coils in the proximal segment of the left vertebral artery...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167284/isolated-pseudoabducens-palsy-in-acute-thalamic-stroke
#6
Mehdi Ghasemi, Nazish Riaz, Anna Bjornsdottir, David Paydarfar
Oculomotor abnormalities are rarely noted in thalamic strokes. We describe isolated right pseudoabducens palsy in a young patient with acute left thalamic infarction revealed by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. The patient's horizontal diplopia and oculomotor palsy resolved within 3days. This case supports the hypothesis that a lesion can cause isolated esotropia by interrupting descending inhibitory convergence pathways that traverse the paramedian thalamus and decussate in the subthalamic region to innervate the contralateral third oculomotor nucleus...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164124/characteristics-of-hemorrhagic-stroke-following-spine-and-joint-surgeries
#7
REVIEW
Fei Yang, Jianning Zhao, Haidong Xu
Hemorrhagic stroke can occur after spine and joint surgeries such as laminectomy, lumbar spinal fusion, tumor resection, and total joint arthroplasty. Although this kind of stroke rarely happens, it may cause severe consequences and high mortality rates. Typical clinical symptoms of hemorrhagic stroke after spine and joint surgeries include headache, vomiting, consciousness disturbance, and mental disorders. It can happen several hours after surgeries. Most bleeding sites are located in cerebellar hemisphere and temporal lobe...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154098/stroke-risk-factors-genetics-and-prevention
#8
Amelia K Boehme, Charles Esenwa, Mitchell S V Elkind
Stroke is a heterogeneous syndrome, and determining risk factors and treatment depends on the specific pathogenesis of stroke. Risk factors for stroke can be categorized as modifiable and nonmodifiable. Age, sex, and race/ethnicity are nonmodifiable risk factors for both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, while hypertension, smoking, diet, and physical inactivity are among some of the more commonly reported modifiable risk factors. More recently described risk factors and triggers of stroke include inflammatory disorders, infection, pollution, and cardiac atrial disorders independent of atrial fibrillation...
February 3, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134622/mutations-in-tropomyosin-4-underlie-a-rare-form-of-human-macrothrombocytopenia
#9
Irina Pleines, Joanne Woods, Stephane Chappaz, Verity Kew, Nicola Foad, José Ballester-Beltrán, Katja Aurbach, Chiara Lincetto, Rachael M Lane, Galina Schevzov, Warren S Alexander, Douglas J Hilton, William J Astle, Kate Downes, Paquita Nurden, Sarah K Westbury, Andrew D Mumford, Samya G Obaji, Peter W Collins, Fabien Delerue, Lars M Ittner, Nicole S Bryce, Mira Holliday, Christine A Lucas, Edna C Hardeman, Willem H Ouwehand, Peter W Gunning, Ernest Turro, Marloes R Tijssen, Benjamin T Kile
Platelets are anuclear cells that are essential for blood clotting. They are produced by large polyploid precursor cells called megakaryocytes. Previous genome-wide association studies in nearly 70,000 individuals indicated that single nucleotide variants (SNVs) in the gene encoding the actin cytoskeletal regulator tropomyosin 4 (TPM4) exert an effect on the count and volume of platelets. Platelet number and volume are independent risk factors for heart attack and stroke. Here, we have identified 2 unrelated families in the BRIDGE Bleeding and Platelet Disorders (BPD) collection who carry a TPM4 variant that causes truncation of the TPM4 protein and segregates with macrothrombocytopenia, a disorder characterized by low platelet count...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132395/fatal-neisseria-macacae-infective-endocarditis-first-report
#10
Maude Vecten, Hélène Martel, Jean-Paul Casalta, Sandrine Hubert, Hubert Lepidi, Gilbert Habib, Didier Raoult, Frédérique Gouriet
INTRODUCTION: Neisseria macacae is a Gram-negative diplococcus, found in the oropharynx of healthy Rhesus Monkeys. Infections caused by N. macacae in humans are extremely rare. CASE PRESENTATION: We present here the first case of N. macacae infective endocarditis in a 65-year-old man with a native aortic valve infection complicated by a peri-aortic abscess. N. macacae was isolated from blood culture and was found on the cardiac valve using 16S rDNA detection. Despite an appropriate antibiotic therapy, and aortic homograft replacement, and mitral repair, the patient died 4 days after surgery from a massive hemorrhagic stroke...
January 28, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121918/intracranial-dermoid-cyst-rupture-related-brain-ischemia-case-report-and-hemodynamic-study
#11
Hang Jin, Zhen-Ni Guo, Yun Luo, Ren Zhao, Ming-Shuo Sun, Yi Yang
RATIONALE: Spontaneous rupture of intracranial dermoid cyst is a rare but serious clinical event that can result in cerebral ischemia. Cerebral vasospasm and vasculitis are considered as potential mechanisms of dermoid cyst rupture-related cerebral ischemia. However, the hemodynamic mechanisms between cerebral ischemia and dermoid cyst rupture are not well known. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 55-year-old, right-handed man was admitted to our hospital with sudden receptive aphasia and right-sided hypoalgesia...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119848/acute-cerebral-infarction-as-a-rare-thrombotic-event-in-myelodysplastic-syndrome-a-case-report
#12
Hyun Woo Bae, Hyun Dong Kim, Sung Won Choi, Nami Han, Mi Ja Eom
Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a bone marrow failure syndrome characterized by cytopenia that results in high risks of infection and bleeding. However, there are few reports of cerebral infarction in MDS. We reported a 72-year-old female with MDS who developed acute cerebral infarction. Clinical history of the patient revealed no definite risk factors for stroke except diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia that was well controlled. This case represented the rare occurrence of arterial thrombosis causing acute cerebral infarction in MDS, which may be due to complex chromosomal abnormality and inflammatory processes...
December 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115939/gemella-species-bacteremia-and-stroke-in-an-elderly-patient-with-respiratory-tract-infection
#13
Sriraksha Jayananda, Narasimha Swamy Gollol-Raju, Nada Fadul
Gemella species are part of normal human flora. They are rarely associated with infections. As opportunistic pathogens, they can cause life-threatening infection in individuals with risk factors. We present an unusual case of an elderly patient, with no predisposing risk factors, who presented with respiratory tract infection and Gemella species bacteremia and suffered a stroke in the absence of features of endocarditis.
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114647/clinical-characteristics-risk-factors-and-outcomes-associated-with-neonatal-hemorrhagic-stroke-a-population-based-case-control-study
#14
Lauran Cole, Deborah Dewey, Nicole Letourneau, Bonnie J Kaplan, Kathleen Chaput, Clare Gallagher, Jacquie Hodge, Amalia Floer, Adam Kirton
Importance: Hemorrhage into the brain of term newborns often results in major injury and lifelong disability. The clinical epidemiology of neonatal hemorrhagic stroke (NHS) remains undefined, hindering the development of strategies to improve outcomes. Objective: To characterize the incidence, types, presentations, associated factors, and outcomes of neonatal hemorrhagic stroke. Design, Setting, and Participants: Population-based, nested case-control study...
January 17, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110932/global-aphasia-without-hemiparesis-may-be-caused-by-blunt-head-trauma-an-adolescent-boy-with-transient-aphasia
#15
Sevim Şahin, Dilşad Türkdoğan, Nilüfer Eldeş Hacıfazlıoğlu, Emek Uyur Yalçın, Zehra Yılmaz Eksen, Gazanfer Ekinci
Global aphasia without hemiparesis is a rare condition often associated with embolic stroke. Posttraumatic causes have not been reported, in the literature, to our knowledge. We report a 15-year old boy with transient global aphasia without hemiparesis due to blunt head trauma. In our case, clinical findings occurred 1week later following head trauma. Emergence of the symptoms after a period of the first mechanical head trauma, draws attention to the importance of secondary process in traumatic brain injury...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105135/takayasu-s-arteritis-presenting-with-common-carotid-artery-dissection-a-rare-case-report
#16
Ruonan Hao, Jie Zhang, Zhicheng Ma, Ming Xiao, Lei Zhou, Nan Kang, Xiaoyu Liang, Fuxin Li
Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is a rare, idiopathic, chronic inflammatory disease associated with cell-mediated inflammation and involving predominantly the aorta and its primary branches. TA results in stenosis, occlusion or aneurysmal degeneration of large arteries pathologically. However, the incidence of dissection in arteries is low. As one of the primary causes of aortic dissection-associated ischemic stroke in young adults, only a limited number of TA cases presenting with aortic dissection have been published to date...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104716/source-3-registry-design-and-30-day-results-of-the-european-post-approval-registry-of-the-latest-generation-of-the-sapien-3tm-transcatheter-heart-valve
#17
Olaf Wendler, Gerhard Schymik, Hendrik Treede, Helmut Baumgartner, Nicolas Dumonteil, Leo Ihlberg, Franz-Josef Neumann, Giuseppe Tarantini, José L Zamorano, Alec Vahanian
BACKGROUND: -The SOURCE 3 Registry is a European multicentre, observational registry of the latest generation of transcatheter heart valve, the SAPIEN 3(TM) (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA/USA). Its purpose is to document outcomes of clinical safety and performance after European approval was given. METHODS: -In this manuscript we present the 30-day outcome of the SOURCE 3 Registry. All data is self-reported and all participating centres have committed to support their consecutive experience with the SAPIEN 3(TM) transcatheter heart valve, dependent on patients consent, before the start of the study...
January 19, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102150/ultra-rare-genetic-variation-in-common-epilepsies-a-case-control-sequencing-study
#18
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Despite progress in understanding the genetics of rare epilepsies, the more common epilepsies have proven less amenable to traditional gene-discovery analyses. We aimed to assess the contribution of ultra-rare genetic variation to common epilepsies. METHODS: We did a case-control sequencing study with exome sequence data from unrelated individuals clinically evaluated for one of the two most common epilepsy syndromes: familial genetic generalised epilepsy, or familial or sporadic non-acquired focal epilepsy...
February 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101556/time-for-food-training-physiatrists-in-nutritional-prescription
#19
Rani Polak, Marie Dacey, Edward M Phillips
INTRODUCTION: Sub-optimal nutrition is a leading factor in all-cause mortality, the preponderance of non-communicable chronic diseases, and various health conditions that are treated by physiatrists, such as stroke and musculoske-letal disorders. Furthermore, patients with chronic pain have a high prevalence of nutritional deficiencies, and malnutrition has been associated with limited rehabilitation outcomes in elderly patients with hospital-associated deconditioning. Thus, physiatrists may find it valuable to include nutrition in their patient services...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093564/postoperative-conversion-disorder-presenting-as-inspiratory-stridor-and-hemiparesis-in-a-pediatric-patient
#20
Erik J Nelson, Jennifer Y Wu
BACKGROUND Postoperative conversion disorder is rare and has been reported. The diagnosis is usually made after all major organic causes have been ruled out. CASE REPORT We describe a case of a 13-year-old female who presented in the post-anesthesia care unit with acute-onset inspiratory stridor and unresponsiveness to verbal or painful stimuli after receiving a general anesthetic for upper endoscopy. Later in the post-anesthesia care unit, she presented with acute-onset right hemiplegia and sensory loss. She was first evaluated for causes of her stridor and unresponsiveness...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
keyword
keyword
62088
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"