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Drosophila egfe

Stephanie Spannl, Alexandra Kumichel, Sarita Hebbar, Katja Kapp, Marcos Gonzalez-Gaitan, Sylke Winkler, Rosana Blawid, Gregor Jessberger, Elisabeth Knust
Drosophila Crumbs (Crb) is a key regulator of epithelial polarity and fulfils a plethora of other functions, such as growth regulation, morphogenesis of photoreceptor cells and prevention of retinal degeneration. This raises the question how a single gene regulates such diverse functions, which in mammals are controlled by three different paralogs. Here, we show that in Drosophila different Crb protein isoforms are differentially expressed as a result of alternative splicing. All isoforms are transmembrane proteins that differ by just one EGF-like repeat in their extracellular portion...
February 15, 2017: Biology Open
Lijuan Feng, Zhen Shi, Xin Chen
Stem cells reside in a particular microenvironment known as a niche. The interaction between extrinsic cues originating from the niche and intrinsic factors in stem cells determines their identity and activity. Maintenance of stem cell identity and stem cell self-renewal are known to be controlled by chromatin factors. Herein, we use the Drosophila adult testis which has two adult stem cell lineages, the germline stem cell (GSC) lineage and the cyst stem cell (CySC) lineage, to study how chromatin factors regulate stem cell differentiation...
February 2017: PLoS Genetics
Jay B Lusk, Vanessa Y M Lam, Nicholas S Tolwinski
EGF signaling is a well-known oncogenic pathway in animals. It is also a key developmental pathway regulating terminal and dorsal-ventral patterning along with many other aspects of embryogenesis. In this review, we focus on the diverse roles for the EGF pathway in Drosophila embryogenesis. We review the existing body of evidence concerning EGF signaling in Drosophila embryogenesis focusing on current uncertainties in the field and areas for future study. This review provides a foundation for utilizing the Drosophila model system for research into EGF effects on cancer...
February 7, 2017: Cancers
Michalis Barkoulas, Amhed M Vargas Velazquez, Alexandre E Peluffo, Marie-Anne Félix
Patterning of C. elegans vulval cell fates relies on inductive signaling. In this induction event, a single cell, the gonadal anchor cell, secretes LIN-3/EGF and induces three out of six competent precursor cells to acquire a vulval fate. We previously showed that this developmental system is robust to a four-fold variation in lin-3/EGF genetic dose. Here using single-molecule FISH, we find that the mean level of expression of lin-3 in the anchor cell is remarkably conserved. No change in lin-3 expression level could be detected among C...
September 2016: PLoS Genetics
Makoto Sato, Tetsuo Yasugi, Yoshiaki Minami, Takashi Miura, Masaharu Nagayama
Notch-mediated lateral inhibition regulates binary cell fate choice, resulting in salt and pepper patterns during various developmental processes. However, how Notch signaling behaves in combination with other signaling systems remains elusive. The wave of differentiation in the Drosophila visual center or "proneural wave" accompanies Notch activity that is propagated without the formation of a salt and pepper pattern, implying that Notch does not form a feedback loop of lateral inhibition during this process...
August 30, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Stefano Schivo, Jetse Scholma, Paul E van der Vet, Marcel Karperien, Janine N Post, Jaco van de Pol, Rom Langerak
BACKGROUND: Computational support is essential in order to reason on the dynamics of biological systems. We have developed the software tool ANIMO (Analysis of Networks with Interactive MOdeling) to provide such computational support and allow insight into the complex networks of signaling events occurring in living cells. ANIMO makes use of timed automata as an underlying model, thereby enabling analysis techniques from computer science like model checking. Biology experts are able to use ANIMO via a user interface specifically tailored for biological applications...
2016: BMC Systems Biology
Hongjun Yu, Hideyuki Takeuchi, Megumi Takeuchi, Qun Liu, Joshua Kantharia, Robert S Haltiwanger, Huilin Li
Rumi O-glucosylates the EGF repeats of a growing list of proteins essential in metazoan development, including Notch. Rumi is essential for Notch signaling, and Rumi dysregulation is linked to several human diseases. Despite Rumi's critical roles, it is unknown how Rumi glucosylates a serine of many but not all EGF repeats. Here we report crystal structures of Drosophila Rumi as binary and ternary complexes with a folded EGF repeat and/or donor substrates. These structures provide insights into the catalytic mechanism and show that Rumi recognizes structural signatures of the EGF motif, the U-shaped consensus sequence, C-X-S-X-(P/A)-C and a conserved hydrophobic region...
September 2016: Nature Chemical Biology
Lisa Deignan, Marco T Pinheiro, Catherine Sutcliffe, Abbie Saunders, Scott G Wilcockson, Leo A H Zeef, Ian J Donaldson, Hilary L Ashe
The BMP signaling pathway has a conserved role in dorsal-ventral axis patterning during embryonic development. In Drosophila, graded BMP signaling is transduced by the Mad transcription factor and opposed by the Brinker repressor. In this study, using the Drosophila embryo as a model, we combine RNA-seq with Mad and Brinker ChIP-seq to decipher the BMP-responsive transcriptional network underpinning differentiation of the dorsal ectoderm during dorsal-ventral axis patterning. We identify multiple new BMP target genes, including positive and negative regulators of EGF signaling...
July 2016: PLoS Genetics
Kenjiroo Matsumoto, Tomonori Ayukawa, Akira Ishio, Takeshi Sasamura, Tomoko Yamakawa, Kenji Matsuno
Notch is a transmembrane receptor that mediates cell-cell interactions and controls various cell-fate specifications in metazoans. The extracellular domain of Notch contains multiple epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like repeats. At least five different glycans are found in distinct sites within these EGF-like repeats. The function of these individual glycans in Notch signaling has been investigated, primarily by disrupting their individual glycosyltransferases. However, we are just beginning to understand the potential functional interactions between these glycans...
June 24, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Shree Ram Singh, Ying Liu, Jiangsha Zhao, Xiankun Zeng, Steven X Hou
Stem cell competition has emerged as a mechanism for selecting fit stem cells/progenitors and controlling tumourigenesis. However, little is known about the underlying molecular mechanism. Here we identify Mlf1-adaptor molecule (Madm), a novel tumour suppressor that regulates the competition between germline stem cells (GSCs) and somatic cyst stem cells (CySCs) for niche occupancy. Madm knockdown results in overexpression of the EGF receptor ligand vein (vn), which further activates EGF receptor signalling and integrin expression non-cell autonomously in CySCs to promote their overproliferation and ability to outcompete GSCs for niche occupancy...
2016: Nature Communications
Jasmin S Auer, Anja C Nagel, Adriana Schulz, Vanessa Wahl, Anette Preiss
In Drosophila, Notch and EGFR signalling pathways are closely intertwined. Their relationship is mostly antagonistic, and may in part be based on the phosphorylation of the Notch signal transducer Suppressor of Hairless [Su(H)] by MAPK. Su(H) is a transcription factor that together with several cofactors regulates the expression of Notch target genes. Here we address the consequences of a local induction of three Su(H) variants on Notch target gene expression. To this end, wild-type Su(H), a phospho-deficient Su(H) (MAPK-) (ko) and a phospho-mimetic Su(H) (MAPK-ac) isoform were overexpressed in the central domain of the wing anlagen...
December 2015: Data in Brief
Josefa Cruz, Neus Bota-Rabassedas, Xavier Franch-Marro
How several signaling pathways are coordinated to generate complex organs through regulation of tissue growth and patterning is a fundamental question in developmental biology. The larval trachea of Drosophila is composed of differentiated functional cells and groups of imaginal tracheoblasts that build the adult trachea during metamorphosis. Air sac primordium cells (ASP) are tracheal imaginal cells that form the dorsal air sacs that supply oxygen to the flight muscles of the Drosophila adult. The ASP emerges from the tracheal branch that connects to the wing disc by the activation of both Bnl-FGF/Btl and EGFR signaling pathways...
December 3, 2015: Scientific Reports
Olivier Biner, Christian Trachsel, Aline Moser, Lukas Kopp, Nicolas Langenegger, Urs Kämpfer, Christoph von Ballmoos, Wolfgang Nentwig, Stefan Schürch, Johann Schaller, Lucia Kuhn-Nentwig
STRUCTURE OF CUPIENNIUS SALEI VENOM HYALURONIDASE: Hyaluronidases are important venom components acting as spreading factor of toxic compounds. In several studies this spreading effect was tested on vertebrate tissue. However, data about the spreading activity on invertebrates, the main prey organisms of spiders, are lacking. Here, a hyaluronidase-like enzyme was isolated from the venom of the spider Cupiennius salei. The amino acid sequence of the enzyme was determined by cDNA analysis of the venom gland transcriptome and confirmed by protein analysis...
2015: PloS One
Nicolás Peláez, Arnau Gavalda-Miralles, Bao Wang, Heliodoro Tejedor Navarro, Herman Gudjonson, Ilaria Rebay, Aaron R Dinner, Aggelos K Katsaggelos, Luís A N Amaral, Richard W Carthew
Yan is an ETS-domain transcription factor responsible for maintaining Drosophila eye cells in a multipotent state. Yan is at the core of a regulatory network that determines the time and place in which cells transit from multipotency to one of several differentiated lineages. Using a fluorescent reporter for Yan expression, we observed a biphasic distribution of Yan in multipotent cells, with a rapid inductive phase and slow decay phase. Transitions to various differentiated states occurred over the course of this dynamic process, suggesting that Yan expression level does not strongly determine cell potential...
November 19, 2015: ELife
Masako Tamada, Jennifer A Zallen
Cells display dynamic and diverse morphologies during development, but the strategies by which differentiated tissues achieve precise shapes and patterns are not well understood. Here we identify a developmental program that generates a highly ordered square cell grid in the Drosophila embryo through sequential and spatially regulated cell alignment, oriented cell division, and apicobasal cell elongation. The basic leucine zipper transcriptional regulator Cnc is necessary and sufficient to produce a square cell grid in the presence of a midline signal provided by the EGF receptor ligand Spitz...
October 26, 2015: Developmental Cell
Jianchun Chen, Raymond C Harris
Activation of the EGF receptor (EGFR) or the Hippo signaling pathway can control cell proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation, and the dysregulation of these pathways can contribute to tumorigenesis. Previous studies showed that activation of EGFR signaling in renal epithelial cells can exacerbate diabetic kidney injury. Moreover, EGFR has been implicated in regulating the Hippo signaling pathway in Drosophila; thus, we examined this potential interaction in mammalian diabetic kidney disease. Yes-associated protein (YAP) is a transcriptional regulator regulated by the Hippo signaling pathway...
June 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Christopher M Smendziuk, Anat Messenberg, A Wayne Vogl, Guy Tanentzapf
Soma-germline interactions play conserved essential roles in regulating cell proliferation, differentiation, patterning and homeostasis in the gonad. In the Drosophila testis, secreted signalling molecules of the JAK-STAT, Hedgehog, BMP and EGF pathways are used to mediate soma-germline communication. Here, we demonstrate that gap junctions may also mediate direct, bi-directional signalling between the soma and germ line. When gap junctions between the soma and germ line are disrupted, germline differentiation is blocked and germline stem cells are not maintained...
August 1, 2015: Development
Linlin Yu, Qingxiang Zhou, Francesca Pignoni
The Gal4/UAS system is one of the most powerful tools for the study of cellular and developmental processes in Drosophila. Gal4 drivers can be used to induce targeted expression of dominant-negative and dominant-active proteins, histological markers, activity sensors, gene-specific dsRNAs, modulators of cell survival or proliferation, and other reagents. Here, we describe novel atonal-Gal4 lines that contain regions of the regulatory DNA of atonal, the proneural gene for photoreceptors, stretch receptors, auditory organ, and some olfactory sensilla...
June 2015: Genesis: the Journal of Genetics and Development
Maria-Dolores Martín-Bermudo, Pierre-Luc Bardet, Yohanns Bellaïche, Marianne Malartre
Organ shaping and patterning depends on the coordinated regulation of multiple processes. The Drosophila compound eye provides an excellent model to study the coordination of cell fate and cell positioning during morphogenesis. Here, we find that loss of vav oncogene function during eye development is associated with a disorganised retina characterised by the presence of additional cells of all types. We demonstrate that these defects result from two distinct roles of Vav. First, and in contrast to its well-established role as a positive effector of the EGF receptor (EGFR), we show that readouts of the EGFR pathway are upregulated in vav mutant larval eye disc and pupal retina, indicating that Vav antagonises EGFR signalling during eye development...
April 15, 2015: Development
Mitsutaka Ogawa, Shogo Sawaguchi, Koichi Furukawa, Tetsuya Okajima
BACKGROUND: O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification of epidermal growth factor (EGF) domains catalyzed by EGF domain O-GlcNAc transferase (EOGT) is the first example of GlcNAc modification in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). SCOPE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes current knowledge on the EOGT-catalyzed O-GlcNAc modification of EGF domains obtained through biochemical characterization, genetic analysis in Drosophila, and identification of human EOGT mutation...
June 2015: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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