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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330298/stemness-is-enhanced-in-gastric-cancer-by-a-set-pp2a-e2f1-axis
#1
Shuhei Enjoji, Ryotaro Yabe, Shunya Tsuji, Kazuhiro Yoshimura, Hideyoshi Kawasaki, Masashi Sakurai, Yusuke Sakai, Hiroko Takenouchi, Shigefumi Yoshino, Shoichi Hazama, Hiroaki Nagano, Hiroko Oshima, Masanobu Oshima, Michael P Vitek, Tetsuya Matsuura, Yoshitaka Hippo, Tatsuya Usui, Takashi Ohama, Koichi Sato
Gastric cancer is the fifth most common malignancy and the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Chemotherapies against gastric cancer often fail, with cancer recurrence due potentially to the persistence of cancer stem cells. This unique subpopulation of cells in tumors possess the ability to self-renew and de-differentiate. These cancer stem cells are critical for initiation, maintenance, metastasis, and relapse of cancers; however, the molecular mechanisms supporting cancer stemness remain largely unknown...
January 12, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328377/feature-genes-in-metastatic-breast-cancer-identified-by-metade-and-svm-classifier-methods
#2
Youlin Tuo, Ning An, Ming Zhang
The aim of the present study was to investigate the feature genes in metastatic breast cancer samples. A total of 5 expression profiles of metastatic breast cancer samples were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, which were then analyzed using the MetaQC and MetaDE packages in R language. The feature genes between metastasis and non‑metastasis samples were screened under the threshold of P<0.05. Based on the protein‑protein interactions (PPIs) in the Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets, Human Protein Reference Database and Biomolecular Interaction Network Database, the PPI network of the feature genes was constructed...
January 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328367/tumorigenic-proteins-upregulated-in-the-mycn-amplified-imr-32-human-neuroblastoma-cells-promote-proliferation-and-migration
#3
Hayat Zaatiti, Jad Abdallah, Zeina Nasr, George Khazen, Anthony Sandler, Tamara J Abou-Antoun
Childhood neuroblastoma is one of the most common types of extra-cranial cancer affecting children with a clinical spectrum ranging from spontaneous regression to malignant and fatal progression. In order to improve the clinical outcomes of children with high-risk neuroblastoma, it is crucial to understand the tumorigenic mechanisms that govern its malignant behaviors. MYCN proto-oncogene, bHLH transcription factor (MYCN) amplification has been implicated in the malignant, treatment-evasive nature of aggressive, high-risk neuroblastoma...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326285/prevalence-of-aflatoxin-associated-tp53r249s-mutation-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-hispanics-in-south-texas
#4
Jingjing Jiao, Weibo Niu, Ying Wang, Keith Baggerly, Yuanqing Ye, Xifeng Wu, Dewitt Davenport, Jose Luis Almeda, Monica M Betancourt-Garcia, R Armour Forse, Heather L Stevenson, Gordon P Watt, Joseph B McCormick, Susan P Fisher-Hoch, Laura Beretta
We aimed to determine whether aflatoxin dietary exposure plays a role in the high incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) observed among Hispanics in South Texas. We measured TP53R249S somatic mutation, hallmark of aflatoxin etiology in HCC, using droplet digital PCR and RFLP. TP53R249S mutation was detected in 3 of 41 HCC tumors from Hispanics in South Texas (7.3%). We also measured TP53R249S mutation in plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) from 218 HCC patients and 96 Hispanic subjects with advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis, from South Texas...
January 11, 2018: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326163/lim-and-cysteine-rich-domains-1-is-required-for-thrombin-induced-smooth-muscle-cell-proliferation-and-promotes-atherogenesis
#5
Jagadeesh Janjanam, Baolin Zhang, Arul M Mani, Nikhlesh K Singh, James G Traylor, A Wayne Orr, Gadiparthi N Rao
Restenosis arises after vascular injury and is characterized by arterial wall thickening and decreased arterial lumen space. Vascular injury induces the production of thrombin, which in addition to its role in blood clotting, acts as a mitogenic and chemotactic factor. In exploring the molecular mechanisms underlying restenosis, here we identified LIM and cysteine-rich domains 1 (LMCD1) as a gene highly responsive to thrombin in human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs). Of note, LMCD1 depletion inhibited proliferation of human but not murine vascular smooth muscle cells...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324748/trans10-cis12-conjugated-linoleic-acid-inhibits-proliferation-and-migration-of-ovarian-cancer-cells-by-inducing-er-stress-autophagy-and-modulation-of-src
#6
Mian M K Shahzad, Mildred Felder, Kai Ludwig, Hannah R Van Galder, Matthew L Anderson, Jong Kim, Mark E Cook, Arvinder K Kapur, Manish S Patankar
The goal of this study was to investigate the anti-cancer effects of Trans10,cis12 conjugated linoleic acid (t10,c12 CLA). MTT assays and QCM™ chemotaxis 96-wells were used to test the effect of t10,c12 CLA on the proliferation and migration and invasion of cancer cells. qPCR and Western Blotting were used to determine the expression of specific factors. RNA sequencing was conducted using the Illumina platform and apoptosis was measured using a flow cytometry assay. t10,c12 CLA (IC50, 7 μM) inhibited proliferation of ovarian cancer cell lines SKOV-3 and A2780...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306194/downregulation-of-parp1-transcription-by-cdk4-6-inhibitors-sensitizes-human-lung-cancer-cells-to-anticancer-drug-induced-death-by-impairing-ogg1-dependent-base-excision-repair
#7
Dominika Tempka, Paulina Tokarz, Kinga Chmielewska, Magdalena Kluska, Julita Pietrzak, Żaneta Rygielska, László Virág, Agnieszka Robaszkiewicz
Hallmarks of cancer cells include uncontrolled growth and rapid proliferation; thus, cyclin-dependent kinases are a therapeutic target for cancer treatment. Treating non-small lung cancer cells with sublethal concentrations of the CDK4/6 inhibitors, ribociclib (LEE011) and palbociclib (PD0332991), which are approved by the FDA for anticancer therapies, caused cell cycle arrest in the G1 phase and suppression of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) transcription by inducing recruitment of the RB1-E2F1-HDAC1-EZH2 repressive complex to the PARP1 promoter...
December 29, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306020/a-selective-cyclin-dependent-kinase-4-6-dual-inhibitor-ribociclib-lee011-inhibits-cell-proliferation-and-induces-apoptosis-in-aggressive-thyroid-cancer
#8
Hyun Joo Lee, Woo Kyung Lee, Chan Woo Kang, Cheol Ryong Ku, Yoon Hee Cho, Eun Jig Lee
The RB-E2F1 pathway is an important mechanism of cell-cycle control, and deregulation of this pathway is one of the key factors contributing to tumorigenesis. Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) and Cyclin D have been known to increase in aggressive thyroid cancer. However, there has been no study to investigate effects of a selective CDK 4/6 inhibitor, Ribociclib (LEE011), in thyroid cancer. Performing Western blotting, we found that RB phosphorylation and the expression of Cyclin D are significantly higher in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) cell lines as well as anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) cell lines, compared with normal thyroid cell line and follicular thyroid cancer cell line...
January 3, 2018: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287594/comprehensive-molecular-biomarker-identification-in-breast-cancer-brain-metastases
#9
Hans-Juergen Schulten, Mohammed Bangash, Sajjad Karim, Ashraf Dallol, Deema Hussein, Adnan Merdad, Fatma K Al-Thoubaity, Jaudah Al-Maghrabi, Awatif Jamal, Fahad Al-Ghamdi, Hani Choudhry, Saleh S Baeesa, Adeel G Chaudhary, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer brain metastases (BCBM) develop in about 20-30% of breast cancer (BC) patients. BCBM are associated with dismal prognosis not at least due to lack of valuable molecular therapeutic targets. The aim of the study was to identify new molecular biomarkers and targets in BCBM by using complementary state-of-the-art techniques. METHODS: We compared array expression profiles of three BCBM with 16 non-brain metastatic BC and 16 primary brain tumors (prBT) using a false discovery rate (FDR) p < 0...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285312/rtl1-promotes-melanoma-proliferation-by-regulating-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signalling
#10
Guobiao Fan, Dan Ye, Songcheng Zhu, Jiajie Xi, Xudong Guo, Jing Qiao, Yukang Wu, Wenwen Jia, Guiying Wang, Guohuang Fan, Jiuhong Kang
Cutaneous melanoma is a highly malignant and metastatic skin cancer with high mortality. However, its underlying mechanisms remain largely unclear. Here, we found that retrotransposon-like 1 (RTL1) is highly enriched in melanoma tissue, especially in early and horizontal growth tissues. Knockdown of RTL1 in melanoma cells resulted in cell proliferation suppression; cell cycle arrest at G1 phase; and down-regulation of E2F1, CYCLIN D1, cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6) and c-MYC. Moreover, overexpression of RTL1 in melanoma cells accelerated cell proliferation, promoted passage of the cell cycle beyond G1 phase, and increased the expression of cell cycle related genes...
December 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250158/function-of-mir-25-in-the-invasion-and-metastasis-of-esophageal-squamous-carcinoma-cells-and-bioinformatical-analysis-of-the-mir-106b-25-cluster
#11
Meng Wang, Yangyang Ou Yang, Qingtao Jin, Linlin Shang, Jian Zhang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) are a class of small, non-coding RNA molecules that serve a key function in carcinogenesis and tumor progression. Recent evidence indicates that miRNAs may act as powerful regulators of migration and invasion. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of miR-25 on the invasion and metastasis of KYSE-150 and EC109 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells, and predict the mechanism of this effect by bioinformatically analyzing the miR-106b-25 cluster. In order to alter the expression of miR-25 in the two cell lines, a miR-25 inhibitor or mimic were transfected into the cells, which were then studied via Transwell migration and invasion assays...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236027/simvastatin-inhibits-cell-proliferation-and-migration-in-human-anaplastic-thyroid-cancer
#12
Mei-Chieh Chen, Yuan-Chin Tsai, Jen-Ho Tseng, Jr-Jiun Liou, Steve Horng, Heng-Ching Wen, Yu-Ching Fan, Wen-Bin Zhong, Sung-Po Hsu
Malignant human anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is pertinacious to conventional therapies. The present study investigated the anti-cancer activity of simvastatin and its underlying regulatory mechanism in cultured ATC cells. Simvastatin (0-20 μM) concentration-dependently reduced cell viability and relative colony formation. Depletions of mevalonate (MEV) and geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate (GGpp) by simvastatin induced G1 arrest and increased apoptotic cell populations at the sub-G1 phase. Adding MEV and GGpp prevented the simvastatin-inhibited cell proliferation...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235459/pi3k%C3%AE-activates-e2f1-synthesis-in-response-to-mrna-translation-stress
#13
Sivakumar Vadivel Gnanasundram, Slovénie Pyndiah, Chrysoula Daskalogianni, Kate Armfield, Karin Nylander, Joanna B Wilson, Robin Fåhraeus
The c-myc oncogene stimulates ribosomal biogenesis and protein synthesis to promote cellular growth. However, the pathway by which cells sense and restore dysfunctional mRNA translation and how this is linked to cell proliferation and growth is not known. We here show that mRNA translation stress in cis triggered by the gly-ala repeat sequence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded EBNA1, results in PI3Kδ-dependent induction of E2F1 mRNA translation with the consequent activation of c-Myc and cell proliferation...
December 13, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233828/e2f1-interacts-with-bcl-xl-and-regulates-its-subcellular-localization-dynamics-to-trigger-cell-death
#14
Céline Vuillier, Steven Lohard, Aurélie Fétiveau, Jennifer Allègre, Cémile Kayaci, Louise E King, Frédérique Braun, Sophie Barillé-Nion, Fabien Gautier, Laurence Dubrez, Andrew P Gilmore, Philippe P Juin, Laurent Maillet
E2F1 is the main pro-apoptotic effector of the pRB-regulated tumor suppressor pathway by promoting the transcription of various pro-apoptotic proteins. We report here that E2F1 partly localizes to mitochondria, where it favors mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization. E2F1 interacts with BCL-xL independently from its BH3 binding interface and induces a stabilization of BCL-xL at mitochondrial membranes. This prevents efficient control of BCL-xL over its binding partners, in particular over BAK resulting in the induction of cell death...
December 12, 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229770/rb1-promotes-t-cell-maturation-from-premature-apoptosis-by-inhibiting-e2f1
#15
Zili Zhang, Wei Liu, Lingfeng Zhao, Zhibin Huang, Xiaohui Chen, Ning Ma, Jin Xu, Wenqing Zhang, Yiyue Zhang
T lymphocytes are key cellular components of acquired immune system and play essential roles in cell-mediated immunity. T cell development occurs in the thymus where 95% of immature thymocytes are eliminated via apoptosis. It is known that mutation of Zeb1, one of RB1 target genes, resulted in immature T cell decrease in mice. E2F1, an RB1 interacting protein, has been shown to regulate mature T cell development by interfering with thymocyte apoptosis. However, whether Rb1 regulate thymocyte development in vivo is still need to be further investigated...
December 11, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228869/tumour-suppressive-microrna-424-5p-directly-targets-ccne1-as-potential-prognostic-markers-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#16
Jingjing Liu, Zhenpeng Gu, Yujie Tang, Junmei Hao, Cuiping Zhang, Xingsheng Yang
An accumulated evidence supports that MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have shown a prominent role in pathological processes and different tumor onset. However, to date, the potential functional roles and molecular mechanisms by how microRNA-424-5p(miR-424-5p) affects cancer cell proliferation are greatly unclear, especially in epithelial ovarian cancer(EOC).In this study, we demonstrated that miR-424-5p was significantly down-regulated in EOC tissues and cell lines. The level of miR-424-5p was negatively correlated with tumor size, TNM stage, pathological grade, lymphatic metastasis of EOC...
December 11, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228647/timing-of-transcription-during-the-cell-cycle-protein-complexes-binding-to-e2f-e2f-cle-cde-chr-or-chr-promoter-elements-define-early-and-late-cell-cycle-gene-expression
#17
Gerd A Müller, Konstanze Stangner, Thomas Schmitt, Axel Wintsche, Kurt Engeland
A central question in cell cycle control is how differential gene expression is regulated. Timing of expression is important for correct progression through the cell cycle. E2F, CDE, and CHR promoter sites have been linked to transcriptional repression in resting cells and activation during the cell cycle. Further, the DREAM complex binds CHR or CDE/CHR elements of G2/M genes resulting in repression during G0/G1. Here, we show that DREAM also binds to E2F sites of S phase genes in quiescence and upon p53 activation...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218329/high-mobility-group-protein-2-regulated-by-microrna-127-and-small-heterodimer-partner-modulates-pluripotency-of-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells-and-liver-tumor-initiating-cells
#18
Yulan Zhao, Zhihong Yang, Jianguo Wu, Raymond Wu, Santosh K Keshipeddy, Dennis Wright, Li Wang
High-mobility-group protein 2 (HMGB2) expression is upregulated in human liver cancer. However, little is known about its regulatory function. Here we establish HMGB2 as a new modulator of the pluripotency of mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Similar to OCT4 and SOX2, HMGB2 protein is highly expressed in undifferentiated CGR8 cells, whereas it undergoes rapid decline during embryonic body (EB) formation. HMGB2 interacts with OCT4, increases protein expression of OCT4 and SOX2, and enhances their transcriptional activities...
October 2017: Hepatology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217453/tumor-suppressing-effect-of-silencing-of-annexin-a3-expression-in-breast-cancer
#19
Ju-Yeon Kim, Eun Jung Jung, Hee Jin Park, Jeong-Hee Lee, Eun Jin Song, Seung-Jin Kwag, Ji-Ho Park, Taejin Park, Sang-Ho Jeong, Chi-Young Jeong, Young-Tae Ju, Young-Joon Lee, Soon-Chan Hong
INTRODUCTION: Annexin A3 (ANXA3) participates in various tumor-associated biological processes, including tumor initiation, progression, and metastasis. The present study was designed to investigate the expression and function of ANXA3 in breast cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Annexin A3 protein expression in breast cancer cell lines was evaluated using Western blot analysis. ANXA3 expression in MDA-MB 231 breast cancer cells was silenced by RNA interference, and the effects of RNA silencing on cell proliferation, colony forming ability, wound-healing, and invasiveness were evaluated...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214011/long-non-coding-rna-h19-regulates-e2f1-expression-by-competitively-sponging-endogenous-mir-29a-3p-in-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#20
Haowei He, Nana Wang, Xiaoming Yi, Chaopeng Tang, Dong Wang
Background: Numerous recent studies indicate that the long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are frequently abnormal expressed and take critical roles in many cancers. Renal cell carcinoma is the secondary malignant tumors in the urinary system and has high mortality and morbidity. Around 80% of RCCs is clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and is characterized by high metastasis and relapse rate. However, the clinical significances of lncRNAs in ccRCC are still unknown. Methods: The human cancer lncRNA PCR array (Yingbio) was performed to detect the differentially expressed lncRNAs in human ccRCC samples...
2017: Cell & Bioscience
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