keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

neurofilament

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081461/bdnf-gene-delivery-mediated-by-neuron-targeted-nanoparticles-is-neuroprotective-in-peripheral-nerve-injury
#1
Cátia D F Lopes, Nádia P Gonçalves, Carla P Gomes, Maria J Saraiva, Ana P Pêgo
Neuron-targeted gene delivery is a promising strategy to treat peripheral neuropathies. Here we propose the use of polymeric nanoparticles based on thiolated trimethyl chitosan (TMCSH) to mediate targeted gene delivery to peripheral neurons upon a peripheral and minimally invasive intramuscular administration. Nanoparticles were grafted with the non-toxic carboxylic fragment of the tetanus neurotoxin (HC) to allow neuron targeting and were explored to deliver a plasmid DNA encoding for the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in a peripheral nerve injury model...
December 24, 2016: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079576/mixed-gangliocytoma-pituitary-adenoma-insights-on-the-pathogenesis-of-a-rare-sellar-tumor
#2
M Beatriz S Lopes, Emily Sloan, Julie Polder
Gangliocytomas originating in the sellar region are rare; most are tumors composed of gangliocytic and pituitary adenomatous elements, forming the so-called mixed gangliocytoma-pituitary adenoma. The majority of mixed gangliocytoma adenomas are associated with endocrinopathies, mainly acromegaly and less often Cushing disease and hyperprolactinemia. In the present study, 10 cases of mixed gangliocytoma and somatotroph adenomas were evaluated for patterns of cellular differentiation and expression of lineage-specific transcription factors...
January 10, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076448/igf-1-induces-ghrh-neuronal-axon-elongation-during-early-postnatal-life-in-mice
#3
Lyvianne Decourtye, Erik Mire, Maud Clemessy, Victor Heurtier, Tatiana Ledent, Iain C Robinson, Patrice Mollard, Jacques Epelbaum, Michael J Meaney, Sonia Garel, Yves Le Bouc, Laurent Kappeler
Nutrition during the perinatal period programs body growth. Growth hormone (GH) secretion from the pituitary regulates body growth and is controlled by Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone (GHRH) neurons located in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus. We observed that dietary restriction during the early postnatal period (i.e. lactation) in mice influences postnatal growth by permanently altering the development of the somatotropic axis in the pituitary gland. This alteration may be due to a lack of GHRH signaling during this critical developmental period...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072416/preclinical-amyloid-pathology-biomarker-positivity-effects-on-tau-pathology-and-neurodegeneration
#4
K Höglund, S Kern, A Zettergren, A Börjesson-Hansson, H Zetterberg, I Skoog, K Blennow
Brain autopsy and biomarker studies indicate that the pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is initiated at least 10-20 years before clinical symptoms. This provides a window of opportunity to initiate preventive treatment. However, this emphasizes the necessity for biomarkers that identify individuals at risk for developing AD later in life. In this cross-sectional study, originating from three epidemiologic studies in Sweden (n=1428), the objective was to examine whether amyloid pathology, as determined by low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentration of the 42 amino acid form of β-amyloid (Aβ42), is associated with biomarker evidence of other pathological changes in cognitively healthy elderly...
January 10, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068280/landolphia-owariensis-attenuates-alcohol-induced-cerebellar-neurodegeneration-significance-of-neurofilament-protein-alteration-in-the-purkinje-cells
#5
Charles A Oyinbo, Patrick S Igbigbi, Godwin O Avwioro
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-induced cerebellar neurodegeneration is a neuroadaptation that is associated with chronic alcohol abuse. Conventional drugs have been largely unsatisfactory in preventing neurodegeneration. Yet, multimodal neuro-protective therapeutic agents have been hypothesised to have high therapeutic potential for the treatment of CNS conditions; there is yet a dilemma of how this would be achieved. Contrarily, medicinal botanicals are naturally multimodal in their mechanism of action...
December 1, 2016: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046096/early-antiretroviral-therapy-is-associated-with-lower-hiv-dna-molecular-diversity-and-lower-inflammation-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-but-does-not-prevent-the-establishment-of-compartmentalized-hiv-dna-populations
#6
Michelli F Oliveira, Antoine Chaillon, Masato Nakazawa, Milenka Vargas, Scott L Letendre, Matthew C Strain, Ronald J Ellis, Sheldon Morris, Susan J Little, Davey M Smith, Sara Gianella
Even when antiretroviral therapy (ART) is started early after infection, HIV DNA might persist in the central nervous system (CNS), possibly contributing to inflammation, brain damage and neurocognitive impairment. Paired blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were collected from 16 HIV-infected individuals on suppressive ART: 9 participants started ART <4 months of the estimated date of infection (EDI) ("early ART"), and 7 participants started ART >14 months after EDI ("late ART"). For each participant, neurocognitive functioning was measured by Global Deficit Score (GDS)...
January 3, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029610/impact-of-local-injection-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-expressing-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-mscs-combined-with-intravenous-msc-delivery-in-a-canine-model-of-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#7
Seung Hoon Lee, Yongsun Kim, Daeun Rhew, Ahyoung Kim, Kwang Rae Jo, Yongseok Yoon, Kyeung Uk Choi, Taeseong Jung, Wan Hee Kim, Oh-Kyeong Kweon
BACKGROUND AIMS: The microenvironment of the chronically injured spinal cord does not allow for axonal regeneration due to glial scarring. To ameliorate this, several therapeutic strategies have been used. We investigated whether combined transplantation of chondroitinase ABC (chABC) and mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) genetically modified to secrete brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) with intravenous (IV) administration of MSCs can promote recovery of hindlimb function after chronic spinal cord injury (SCI)...
October 28, 2016: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011613/spinal-arachnoiditis-as-a-complication-of-cryptococcal-meningoencephalitis-in-non-hiv-previously-healthy-adults
#8
Anil A Panackal, Mika Komori, Peter Kosa, Omar Khan, Dima A Hammoud, Lindsey B Rosen, Sarah K Browne, Yen-Chih Lin, Elena Romm, Charu Ramaprasad, Bettina C Fries, John E Bennett, Bibiana Bielekova, Peter R Williamson
BACKGROUND: Cryptococcus can cause meningoencephalitis (CM) among previously healthy non-HIV adults. Spinal arachnoiditis is under-recognized, since diagnosis is difficult with concomitant central nervous system (CNS) pathology. METHODS: We describe 6 cases of spinal arachnoiditis among 26 consecutively recruited CM patients with normal CD4 counts who achieved microbiologic control. We performed detailed neurological exams, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) immunophenotyping and biomarker analysis before and after adjunctive immunomodulatory intervention with high dose pulse corticosteroids, affording causal inference into pathophysiology...
November 10, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000086/interaction-of-small-heat-shock-proteins-with-light-component-of-neurofilaments-nfl
#9
Victoria V Nefedova, Maria V Sudnitsyna, Nikolai B Gusev
The interaction of human small heat shock protein HspB1, its point mutants associated with distal hereditary motor neuropathy, and three other small heat shock proteins (HspB5, HspB6, HspB8) with the light component of neurofilaments (NFL) was analyzed by differential centrifugation, analytical ultracentrifugation, and fluorescent spectroscopy. The wild-type HspB1 decreased the quantity of NFL in pellets obtained after low- and high-speed centrifugation and increased the quantity of NFL remaining in the supernatant after high-speed centrifugation...
December 20, 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995945/the-developing-landscape-of-diagnostic-and-prognostic-biomarkers-for-spinal-cord-injury-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-blood
#10
REVIEW
C H Hulme, S J Brown, H R Fuller, J Riddell, A Osman, J Chowdhury, N Kumar, W E Johnson, K T Wright
STUDY DESIGN: Review study. OBJECTIVES: The identification of prognostic biomarkers of spinal cord injury (SCI) will help to assign SCI patients to the correct treatment and rehabilitation regimes. Further, the detection of biomarkers that predict permanent neurological outcome would aid in appropriate recruitment of patients into clinical trials. The objective of this review is to evaluate the current state-of-play in this developing field. SETTING: Studies from multiple countries were included...
December 20, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995668/erratum-plasma-neurofilament-heavy-chain-is-not-a-useful-biomarker-in-charcot-marie-tooth-disease
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984597/neurofibroma-of-the-gallbladder-not-associated-with-neurofibromatosis
#12
Tsutomu Namikawa, Yasuhiro Kawanishi, Yuki Fujieda, Kazune Fujisawa, Eri Munekage, Masaya Munekage, Hiromichi Maeda, Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Michiya Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Hanazak
An 82-year-old woman had visited her local clinic with a history of abdominal discomfort and dyspepsia related to meals over a period of several months. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a superficial spreading tumor that, on biopsy, was proven to be an adenocarcinoma, and colonoscopy revealed an ascending mass that was found to be an adenocarcinoma on biopsy, so the patient was referred to our hospital. Abdominal computed tomography revealed a mass in the ascending colon with regional lymph node swelling and a gallbladder stone measuring 1...
December 16, 2016: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966332/analysis-of-diabetes-related-cerebellar-changes-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#13
Nuriye Güzin Özdemİr, Feray Akbaş, Tuğba Kotil, Adem Yılmaz
BACKGROUND/AIM: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy has been extensively studied and reported, but the number of studies that have investigated diabetes-related changes in the central nervous system are limited, with even fewer studies on the cerebellum. The aim of this experimental study was to perform a histologic analysis of the diabetes-related changes in the cerebellums of diabetic rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty Sprague Dawley rats weighing between 200 and 220 g were included in the study...
November 17, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965574/neurofilaments-in-csf-as-diagnostic-biomarkers-in-motor-neuron-disease-a-meta-analysis
#14
Dawei Li, Dongchao Shen, Hongfei Tai, Liying Cui
Objective: Neurofilaments in CSF are promising biomarkers which might help in the diagnosis of motor neuron disease (MND). We aim to assess the diagnostic value of neurofilaments in CSF for MND. Methods: Pubmed, Emabase, and Web of Science were searched for relevant studies systematically. Articles in English that evaluated the utility of neurofilaments in CSF in the diagnosis of MND were included. Data were extracted by two independent investigators. Diagnostic indexes for neurofilament light chain (NFL) and phosphorylated neurofilament heavy chain (pNFH) were calculated separately...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941524/neuroprotection-and-visual-function-after-optic-neuritis
#15
Axel Petzold
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article discusses the advantages and pitfalls of testing neuroprotective treatment strategies in patients suffering from optic neuritis. RECENT FINDINGS: Spectral domain optical coherence tomography now permits for automated segmentation of individual retinal layers. The peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (pRNFL) has been used in 13 of the 15 trials reviewed. Twelve trials also made use of electrophysiology. Overestimation of good visual recovery in the past has recently been recognized...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939611/high-concentration-of-trichlorfon-1mm-disrupts-axonal-cytoskeleton-and-decreases-the-expression-of-plasticity-related-proteins-in-sh-sy5y-cells
#16
Laís Silva Fernandes, Guilherme Luz Emerick, Rafaela Scalco Ferreira, Neife Aparecida G Dos Santos, Antonio Cardozo Dos Santos
Some organophosphorus compounds (OPs) induce a neurodegenerative disorder known as organophosphate-induced delayed neuropathy (OPIDN), which is related to irreversible inhibition of neuropathy target esterase (NTE) and impairment of neurite outgrowth. The present study addresses the effects of trichlorfon, mipafox (neuropathic model) and paraoxon (non-neuropathic model) on neurite outgrowth and neuroplasticity-related proteins in retinoic-acid-stimulated SH-SY5Y cells, a cellular model widely used to study the neurotoxicity of OPs...
March 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935101/gpnmb-ameliorates-mutant-tdp-43-induced-motor-neuron-cell-death
#17
Yuki Nagahara, Masamitsu Shimazawa, Kazuki Ohuchi, Junko Ito, Hitoshi Takahashi, Kazuhiro Tsuruma, Akiyoshi Kakita, Hideaki Hara
Glycoprotein nonmetastatic melanoma protein B (GPNMB) aggregates are observed in the spinal cord of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients, but the detailed localization is still unclear. Mutations of transactive response DNA binding protein 43kDa (TDP-43) are associated with neurodegenerative diseases including ALS. In this study, we evaluated the localization of GPNMB aggregates in the spinal cord of ALS patients and the effect of GPNMB against mutant TDP-43 induced motor neuron cell death. GPNMB aggregates were not localized in the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)-positive astrocyte and ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule-1 (Iba1)-positive microglia...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933582/microrna-181c-ameliorates-cognitive-impairment-induced-by-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion-in-rats
#18
Chen Fang, Qian Li, Guowen Min, Min Liu, Jing Cui, Jing Sun, Liang Li
Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) characterized by global cerebral ischemia is an important risk factor contributing to the development of dementia. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the cellular adaptation to long-term ischemia/hypoxia by turning off or on the expression of target genes. MiR-181c is widely expressed in the nervous system, and tripartite motif 2 (TRIM2) is one of its target genes. In this work, we had identified that progressive spatial memory deficiency was induced in the bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (2-VO) rat models...
December 8, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932942/loss-of-fractalkine-signaling-exacerbates-axon-transport-dysfunction-in-a-chronic-model-of-glaucoma
#19
Kevin T Breen, Sarah R Anderson, Michael R Steele, David J Calkins, Alejandra Bosco, Monica L Vetter
Neurodegeneration in glaucoma results in decline and loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), and is associated with activation of myeloid cells such as microglia and macrophages. The chemokine fractalkine (FKN or Cx3cl1) mediates communication from neurons to myeloid cells. Signaling through its receptor Cx3cr1 has been implicated in multiple neurodegenerative diseases, but the effects on neuronal pathology are variable. Since it is unknown how FKN-mediated crosstalk influences RGC degeneration in glaucoma, we assessed this in a chronic mouse model, DBA/2J...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929120/neurofilaments-in-blood-and-csf-for-diagnosis-and-prediction-of-onset-in-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease
#20
Petra Steinacker, Kaj Blennow, Steffen Halbgebauer, Song Shi, Viktoria Ruf, Patrick Oeckl, Armin Giese, Jens Kuhle, Dana Slivarichova, Henrik Zetterberg, Markus Otto
While cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) are established and partly included in the diagnostic criteria, no blood biomarkers are available. Here, we assessed the utility of serum neurofilament light chain (NF-L) and tau protein in comparison to CSF markers (NF-L and phosphorylated NF heavy chain (pNF-H), tau, S100B, 14-3-3) and prion conversion assay (real-time quaking induced conversion (RT-QuIC)) for sporadic and genetic CJD. Importantly, a Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker mutation carrier in the asymptomatic phase and at disease onset was included as well...
December 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
62073
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"