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M C Ba, A Ly Ba, A Hossini, O Diallo, A B Thiam, N Ndoye, Y Sakho, S B Badiane
The encephaloceles belong to dysraphic state abnormalities. Publications on this issue are rare and sparse in Africa. The aim of our study is to describe clinical patterns of occipital encephaloceles, and emphasize on surgery. We collect retrospectively a population of 16 patients. Cranial Ultrasound Echographia has been done for all of them. Only 3 patients got brain CT scan. Medium age was 2 months. The sex ratio was coted 1. The consanguinity was noted in 37% of the cases. The pedicular aspects were more frequent...
2007: Le Mali Médical
S Gallego Domínguez, F J Pascua Molina, A Caro Mancilla, A González Núñez
The erythema nodosum is a septal panniculitis of several etiologies: infectious, medicamentous, secondary to systemic disease or idiopathic cause. The patient is a 47 year-female with a hypertension history of several years of evolution, who shows the following set of symptoms: successive rashes of erythematous and pruriginous cutaneous lesions in inferior members, which are diagnosed by a cutaneous biopsy of erythema nodosum. In the etiology study, an abdominal echographia is made, finding a hypodense 7 x 5 cm solid mass placed in the left adrenal gland...
August 2005: Anales de Medicina Interna: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna
D Riethmuller, B Liégeon, C Deliencourt, F Arbez-Gindre, J P Carbillet, J P Schaal, R Maillet
The interest of twin chorionocity and zygosity diagnosis is unquestioned. Indeed, in many medical situations, the knowledge of zygosity is an important fact for management of twins. Prenatal echographia is not a perfect tool to characterize chorionicity, and so postnatal examination of the placenta is always necessary. But macroscopic examination is also not relevant, and competent midwives can make many mistakes. Considering that biological postnatal diagnosis of twin zygosity is difficult and costly, we believe that microscopic chorionicity confirmation is required for identical twins...
December 1999: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
M Puidupin, M Guiavarch, A Paris, P Caroff, J P Boutin, T Le Bivic, J F Garcia
Radiological maxillary sinusitis (RMS) is not an easily diagnosed in Intensive Care Unit (ICU). B-mode ultrasound of paranasal sinuses, validated for the ambulatory patients, was evaluated in a prospective study. One hundred fifty three ultrasound examinations were performed on 30 critically ill patients and compared to CT scan or radiography (Blondeau's view). Two levels of positive echographia are described: positive echographia corresponding with a moderate lesion, cupuliform echographia when the lesion is more significant...
November 1997: Intensive Care Medicine
R Kan, Y Yashima, Y Takahashi, R Takahashi, M Watabe, M Hagiwara, S Niwa
Echographia is a phenomenon in which a patient continuously translates verbal stimuli into writing. We encountered a patient with epilepsy who developed visual echographia during interictal periods. In this case, echographia was observed during two different periods, namely the period of disturbed consciousness after the epileptic seizure and the period of clear consciousness after suppression of the seizures. Disinhibition due to disturbance of the consciousness is considered to have been the cause of echographia in the former period...
February 1997: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
K Nagumo, H Shinotoh, K Arai, H Furumoto, K Hirayama
We studied the correlation between neuroradiological findings and pathological observations of white matter lesions in a patient with frontal type adrenoleukodystrophy. A 41-year-old man developed schizophrenic symptoms and generalized convulsions at the age of 40. Examination revealed baldness, loss of the axillary hair, stereotypical behavior, mutism, dysphagia echographia, right hemiparesis, and brisk reflexes in all four limbs with bilateral extensor plantar responses. Blood examination revealed a high concentration of very-long-chain fatty acids in plasma; the patient was diagnosed as having adrenoleukodystrophy...
September 1995: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
J Cambier, C Masson, S Benammou, B Robine
The presenting symptomatology in a case of fronto-callosal glioma were affective indifference, severe disorders of attention and dynamic aphasia with marked reduction in spoken expression. Spontaneous and induced writing were abundant and incoercible. Their meticulous production and formal correction contrasted with its semantic incoherence. This behavior is comparable with that of the compulsive activity that may result from pallidal lesions or bilateral frontal lesions. The term graphomania is proposed to distinguish this behavior from echographia and hypergraphism...
1988: Revue Neurologique
J Ouadfel, A Assem, A Jalil, R Chkoff, L el Allame, F Mechatt, A Benchekroun, A Errougani, S Balafrej
Report of two cases. The authors report two observations in what concern the diffused form of the Caroli's disease, one pure, the other mixed associating the congenital dilatation of the intra-hepatic bileducts with lesion of congenital hepatic fibrosis. They emphasize the efficiency of the echographia and computed tomography in diagnosing Caroli's disease. The surgical treatment of these diffused forms often complicated by acute recurrent cholangitis used with some success various methods of biliary drainage...
July 1989: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
R Kan, Y Takahashi, R Takahashi, M Hagiwara, Y Yashima, H Kumashiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1990: Japanese Journal of Psychiatry and Neurology
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