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infiltrating ductal carcinoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043992/correlation-of-the-ultrasound-imaging-of-breast-cancer-and-the-expression-of-molecular-biological-indexes
#1
Jie Xu, Feng Li, Fengling Chang
This paper aims to 137 cases of breast malignant tumors confirmed by surgery and pathology were collected. All patients received ultrasound examination and were not treated by radiotherapy or chemotherapy before operation. The preoperative ultrasound images of breast cancer patients and postoperative pathological characteristics of paraffin sections were retrospectively observed. Ultrasound indicators included tumor size, shape, ratio of the longest/shortest dimension, edge of the spiculation and peripheral hyperechoic halo sign, internal echo types, micro calcification, posterior echo types, blood flow and signs of lymph node metastasis...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024776/update-on-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-tils-in-breast-cancer-including-recommendations-to-assess-tils-in-residual-disease-after-neoadjuvant-therapy-and-in-carcinoma-in-situ-a-report-of-the-international-immuno-oncology-biomarker-working-group-on-breast-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Maria Vittoria Dieci, Nina Radosevic-Robin, Susan Fineberg, Gert van den Eynden, Nils Ternes, Frederique Penault-Llorca, Giancarlo Pruneri, Timothy M D'Alfonso, Sandra Demaria, Carlos Castaneda, Joselyn Sanchez, Sunil Badve, Stefan Michiels, Veerle Bossuyt, Federico Rojo, Baljit Singh, Torsten Nielsen, Giuseppe Viale, Seong-Rim Kim, Stephen Hewitt, Stephan Wienert, Sybille Loibl, David Rimm, Fraser Symmans, Carsten Denkert, Sylvia Adams, Sherene Loi, Roberto Salgado
Morphological evaluation of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in breast cancer is gaining momentum as evidence strengthens the clinical relevance of this immunological biomarker. TILs in the post-neoadjuvant residual disease setting are acquiring increasing importance as a stratifying marker in clinical trials, considering the raising interest on immunotherapeutic strategies after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. TILs in ductal carcinoma in situ, with or without invasive carcinoma, represent an emerging area of clinical breast cancer research...
October 9, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019331/clinical-and-pathological-characteristics-of-triple-positive-breast-cancer-among-iraqi-patients
#3
Nada A S Alwan, Faisal H Mualla, Munawar Al Naqash, Saad Kathum, Furat N Tawfiq, Sana Nadhir
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common malignancy affecting the Iraqi population and the leading cause of cancer related mortality among Iraqi women. It has been well documented that prognosis of patients depends largely upon the hormone receptor contents and HER-2 over expression of their neoplasm. Recent studies suggest that Triple Positive (TP) tumors, bearing the three markers, tend to exhibit a relatively favorable clinical behavior in which overtreatment is not recommended...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016373/cancer-yield-of-incidental-breast-lesions-detected-on-chest-computed-tomography
#4
Terrance T Healey, Saurabh Agarwal, Ronak Patel, Lisa Ratanaprasatporn, Linda Ratanaprasatporn, Ana P Lourenco
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the cancer yield for abnormal breast findings initially identified on chest computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This institutional review board-approved, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant study retrospectively reviewed reports of 41,217 consecutive chest CT examinations done from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2011, to identify those with breast findings noted in the impression of the report...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943165/characterization-of-invisible-breast-cancers-in-digital-mammography-and-tomosynthesis-radio-pathological-correlation
#5
P M Aguilar Angulo, C Romero Castellano, J Ruiz Martín, M P Sánchez-Camacho González-Carrato, L M Cruz Hernández
OBJECTIVE: To review the radio-pathologic features of symptomatic breast cancers not detected at digital mammography (DM) and digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 169 lesions from symptomatic patients with breast cancer that were studied with DM, DBT, ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance (MR). We identified occult lesions (true false negatives) in DM and DBT. Clinical data, density, US and MR findings were analyzed as well as histopathological results...
September 21, 2017: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929035/porcine-urinary-bladder-matrix-for-management-of-infected-radiation-mastectomy-wound
#6
Yana Puckett, Theophilus Pham, Shirley McReynolds, Catherine A Ronaghan
We present a case report on the successful healing of a Pseudomonas infection wound in a 52-year-old female with morbid obesity, noninsulin dependent diabetes mellitus and a history of tobacco use, who presented with Stage IIIA (T3, N2, Mo) infiltrating ductal carcinoma. The patient received neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to her bilateral skin-sparing total mastectomies with right axillary sentinel lymphadenectomy. She also had staged reconstruction with temporary breast implants and plans for deep inferior epigastric perforator flaps...
July 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893053/denovo-high-grade-salivary-duct-carcinoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#7
Heena Zainab, Ameena Sultana, Pramod Jahagirdar
Salivary Duct Carcinoma (SDC) is a distinctive and clinically aggressive adenocarcinoma of salivary origin. It arises from the ductal epithelium, predominantly occurring in the major salivary glands, especially the parotid gland. Here, we report a case of an extensive salivary gland pathology involving the right side of face, possibly arising from the parotid gland in a 25-year-old male patient. On routine histopathology, the tumour mass revealed a papillary pattern of neoplastic ductal epithelial cells showing comedo-like-central necrosis...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878653/correlation-between-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-and-pathological-response-in-locally-advanced-breast-cancer-patients-who-received-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-h-adam-malik-general-hospital
#8
Kamal Basri Siregar, Jamaluddin Pane, Rikson Siburian
BACKGROUND: Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are emerging as biomarkers mediating tumor response to treatments. Earlier studies have provided evidence that the level of TILs has prognostic value, particularly in triple-negative and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2-positive breast cancer. Moreover, the level of TILs has been associated with treatment outcome in patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and there is a strong correlation with pathologically complete response...
May 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876589/reconstruction-in-locally-advance-breast-cancer-who-what-and-when
#9
L Van Schalkwyk, C Benn, K Bergstrom
BACKGROUND: Locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) is defined as the most advanced stage of non-metastatic breast cancer. While breast reconstruction is not contraindicated in this subset of patients, the decision-making process is influenced by several considerations, including recurrence risk and the need for and timing of adjuvant therapy such as radiotherapy. This retrospective analysis investigates the reconstructive procedures performed on women presenting with locally advanced breast cancer at the Netcare Breast Care Centre (NCBC) in Johannesburg...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863134/invasive-lobular-carcinoma-of-the-breast-a-special-histological-type-compared-with-invasive-ductal-carcinoma
#10
Zheling Chen, Jiao Yang, Shuting Li, Meng Lv, Yanwei Shen, Biyuan Wang, Pan Li, Min Yi, Xiao'ai Zhao, Lingxiao Zhang, Le Wang, Jin Yang
The clinical outcomes and therapeutic strategies for infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC) and infiltrating lobular carcinoma (ILC) are not uniform. The primary objectives of this study were to identify the differences in the clinical characteristics and prognoses between ILC and IDC, and identify the high-risk population based on the hormone receptor status and metastasis sites. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program database was searched and patients diagnosed with ILC or IDC from 1990 to 2013 were identified...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861372/estimation-of-tumor-size-in-breast-cancer-comparing-clinical-examination-mammography-ultrasound-and-mri-correlation-with-the-pathological-analysis-of-the-surgical-specimen
#11
Tomas Cortadellas, Paula Argacha, Juan Acosta, Jordi Rabasa, Ricardo Peiró, Margarita Gomez, Laura Rodellar, Sandra Gomez, Alejandra Navarro-Golobart, Sonia Sanchez-Mendez, Milagros Martinez-Medina, Mireia Botey, Carlos Muñoz-Ramos, Manel Xiberta
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the best method in our center to measure preoperative tumor size in breast tumors, using as reference the tumor size in the postoperative surgical specimen. We compared physical examination vs. mammography vs. resonance vs. ultrasound. There are different studies in the literature with disparate results. METHODS: This is a retrospective study. All the included patients have been studied by clinical examination performed by gynecologist or surgeon specialists in senology, and radiological tests (mammography, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging)...
August 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855989/t-cell-immunoglobulin-mucin-3-expression-in-invasive-ductal-breast-carcinoma-clinicopathological-correlations-and-association-with-tumor-infiltration-by-cytotoxic-lymphocytes
#12
Huan Zhang, Rong Xiang, Bin Wu, Jinlong Li, Guilin Luo
As a negative regulatory molecule, T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-3 (Tim-3) is closely associated with tumor immunological tolerance. The aim of this study was to investigate Tim-3 expression in invasive ductal breast cancer (IDC), its effect on clinicopathological parameters and its association with cytotoxic lymphocyte infiltration. Tim-3 protein expression was measured in 150 paraffin-embedded IDC specimens and 100 paired normal breast tissue specimens by immunohistochemistry. It was demonstrated that the infiltration of the tumor by CD8(+) T cells was significantly higher compared with that of normal tissue, and the Tim-3 expression on CD8(+) T cells was higher in IDC tissue compared with that in normal tissue; the differences were statistically significant (both P-values=0...
October 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777142/assessing-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-in-solid-tumors-a-practical-review-for-pathologists-and-proposal-for-a-standardized-method-from-the-international-immunooncology-biomarkers-working-group-part-1-assessing-the-host-immune-response-tils-in-invasive-breast
#13
Shona Hendry, Roberto Salgado, Thomas Gevaert, Prudence A Russell, Tom John, Bibhusal Thapa, Michael Christie, Koen van de Vijver, M V Estrada, Paula I Gonzalez-Ericsson, Melinda Sanders, Benjamin Solomon, Cinzia Solinas, Gert G G M Van den Eynden, Yves Allory, Matthias Preusser, Johannes Hainfellner, Giancarlo Pruneri, Andrea Vingiani, Sandra Demaria, Fraser Symmans, Paolo Nuciforo, Laura Comerma, E A Thompson, Sunil Lakhani, Seong-Rim Kim, Stuart Schnitt, Cecile Colpaert, Christos Sotiriou, Stefan J Scherer, Michail Ignatiadis, Sunil Badve, Robert H Pierce, Giuseppe Viale, Nicolas Sirtaine, Frederique Penault-Llorca, Tomohagu Sugie, Susan Fineberg, Soonmyung Paik, Ashok Srinivasan, Andrea Richardson, Yihong Wang, Ewa Chmielik, Jane Brock, Douglas B Johnson, Justin Balko, Stephan Wienert, Veerle Bossuyt, Stefan Michiels, Nils Ternes, Nicole Burchardi, Stephen J Luen, Peter Savas, Frederick Klauschen, Peter H Watson, Brad H Nelson, Carmen Criscitiello, Sandra O'Toole, Denis Larsimont, Roland de Wind, Giuseppe Curigliano, Fabrice André, Magali Lacroix-Triki, Mark van de Vijver, Federico Rojo, Giuseppe Floris, Shahinaz Bedri, Joseph Sparano, David Rimm, Torsten Nielsen, Zuzana Kos, Stephen Hewitt, Baljit Singh, Gelareh Farshid, Sibylle Loibl, Kimberly H Allison, Nadine Tung, Sylvia Adams, Karen Willard-Gallo, Hugo M Horlings, Leena Gandhi, Andre Moreira, Fred Hirsch, Maria V Dieci, Maria Urbanowicz, Iva Brcic, Konstanty Korski, Fabien Gaire, Hartmut Koeppen, Amy Lo, Jennifer Giltnane, Marlon C Rebelatto, Keith E Steele, Jiping Zha, Kenneth Emancipator, Jonathan W Juco, Carsten Denkert, Jorge Reis-Filho, Sherene Loi, Stephen B Fox
Assessment of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in histopathologic specimens can provide important prognostic information in diverse solid tumor types, and may also be of value in predicting response to treatments. However, implementation as a routine clinical biomarker has not yet been achieved. As successful use of immune checkpoint inhibitors and other forms of immunotherapy become a clinical reality, the need for widely applicable, accessible, and reliable immunooncology biomarkers is clear. In part 1 of this review we briefly discuss the host immune response to tumors and different approaches to TIL assessment...
September 2017: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775207/development-of-aggressive-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinomas-depends-on-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-secretion-in-carcinoma-cells
#14
Michael W Pickup, Philip Owens, Agnieszka E Gorska, Anna Chytil, Fei Ye, Chanjuan Shi, Valerie M Weaver, Raghu Kalluri, Harold L Moses, Sergey V Novitskiy
The survival rate for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains low. More therapeutic options to treat this disease are needed, for the current standard of care is ineffective. Using an animal model of aggressive PDAC (Kras/p48(TGFβRIIKO)), we discovered an effect of TGFβ signaling in regulation of G-CSF secretion in pancreatic epithelium. Elevated concentrations of G-CSF in PDAC promoted differentiation of Ly6G(+) cells from progenitors, stimulated IL10 secretion from myeloid cells, and decreased T-cell proliferation via upregulation of Arg, iNOS, VEGF, IL6, and IL1b from CD11b(+) cells...
September 2017: Cancer Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764176/infiltrating-ductal-carcinoma-co-existing-with-intraductal-papillary-carcinoma-of-male-breast-a-rare-case-report
#15
Mayank Kumar, Bhaswanth Pottipati, Surekha U Arakeri, Anita P Javalgi
Male breast carcinomas are rare tumours, accounting for less than 1% of all malignancies in men. Intracystic Papillary Carcinoma (IPC) in males is a very rare entity, representing 5-7.5% of all male breast carcinomas. It lacks the classical clinical, radiological and cytological features of malignancy and usually presents as a benign-appearing lump. We report a case of Infiltrating Ductal Carcinoma (IDC) co-existing with intracystic papillary carcinoma in a 53-year-old male who presented with lump in the right breast...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731046/pd-l1-expression-and-the-immune-microenvironment-in-primary-invasive-lobular-carcinomas-of-the-breast
#16
Elizabeth D Thompson, Janis M Taube, Rebecca J Asch-Kendrick, Aleksandra Ogurtsova, Haiying Xu, Rajni Sharma, Alan Meeker, Pedram Argani, Leisha A Emens, Ashley Cimino-Mathews
Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes and immune checkpoint proteins such as PD-L1 are potential prognostic factors and therapeutic targets in breast cancer. Most studies characterizing the breast tumor immune microenvironment have focused on ductal carcinomas. Here we investigate the tumor microenvironment of primary invasive lobular carcinomas. Previously constructed tissue microarrays of 47 lobular carcinomas were labeled by immunohistochemistry for PD-L1, CD8, CD20, and FoxP3. The stromal immune infiltrate density was qualitatively scored as a percentage of tumor area: 1+ (<5%); 2+ (5-10%); 3+ (10-15%); or 4+ (>50%)...
July 21, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730766/comparison-of-prognosis-and-clinical-features-between-synchronous-bilateral-and-unilateral-breast-cancers
#17
Yusuf Karakas, Neyran Kertmen, Sahin Lacin, Alma Aslan, Metin Demir, Ozturk Ates, Sercan Aksoy, Kadri Altundag
PURPOSE: The clinical significance of synchronous bilateral breast cancer (SBBC) is unclear and its influence on prognosis is controversial. Our study objective was to determine the epidemiological features, tumor characteristics, and prognosis of SBBC in comparison with those of unilateral breast cancer (UBC). METHODS: A total of 3675 breast cancer patients diagnosed and treated between 2000 and 2014 were evaluated. Of these patients, 132 (3.6%) had bilateral breast cancer, including 55 patients (1...
May 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709865/overexpression-of-pofut1-and-activated-notch1-may-be-associated-with-poor-prognosis-in-breast-cancer
#18
Guoxing Wan, Lin Tian, Yuandong Yu, Fang Li, Xuanbin Wang, Chen Li, Shouheng Deng, Xiongjie Yu, Xiaojun Cai, Zhigang Zuo, Fengjun Cao
PURPOSE: The present study was to evaluate the prognostic value of protein expression of Pofut1 and Notch1 signaling in breast cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded 314 breast specimens including 174 infiltrating ductal carcinoma(IDC), 50 ductal carcinoma in situ(DCIS) and 90 adjacent normal tissue(ANT) were immunohistochemically examined to evaluate the protein expression of Pofut1, activated Notch1(N1IC) and Slug on specimens. Survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method and Cox's proportional-hazards model...
September 9, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681371/breast-cancer-in-patients-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-with-methotrexate-therapy-mimicking-histopathological-changes-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#19
Nobue Kumaki, Chizuko Okamatsu, Yutaka Tokuda, Naoya Nakamura
Two breast cancer patients with a history of treatment for long-term rheumatoid arthritis (RA) had histological findings similar to histological changes seen in resected mammary gland specimens following neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). The first patient was a 64-year-old woman who visited our hospital after feeling a lump in her left breast. The second patient was a 68-year-old woman who visited our hospital for an indentation in her left nipple. They were diagnosed with breast cancer following detailed examinations and underwent mastectomy...
July 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681209/microcystic-adnexal-carcinoma-and-a-summary-of-other-rare-malignant-adnexal-tumours
#20
REVIEW
Arif Aslam
Microcystic adnexal carcinoma (MAC) is a rare, slow-growing, infiltrative malignant tumour most commonly found on the head and neck. It often presents as a solitary skin-coloured or yellow papule, plaque or nodule. Ultraviolet radiation, immunosuppression and ionising radiation are possible risk factors. Clinical and histological differential diagnoses include morpheaform basal cell carcinoma and desmoplastic trichoepithelioma. The diagnosis is usually made by skin biopsy, and the characteristic features are small keratin-filled cysts with nests and cords which resemble ductal structures...
August 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
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