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training CPR at high school

David P Fitzgerald, Daniel M Bingham, Margo Bushmiaer, Spencer W Hansen, Elise F Howser, Daniel A Smith, James G Williams, Stephen M Schexnayder
BACKGROUND Many states, including Arkansas, require CPR training before high school graduation. METHODS We modified the American Heart Association's CPR in Schools curriculum to deliver CPR and AED training with maximal individual practice. RESULTS 520 students were trained over a two-day period at Little Rock Central High School. Three students were unable to effectively participate due to physical limitations. The model was later applied at the five other district public high schools. CONCLUSIONS Training large numbers of students in a time-compressed formal is feasible with a highly dedicated, practiced instructor team...
June 2017: Journal of the Arkansas Medical Society
Federico Semeraro, Antonio Frisoli, Claudio Loconsole, Nicola Mastronicola, Fabio Stroppa, Giuseppe Ristagno, Andrea Scapigliati, Luca Marchetti, Erga Cerchiari
INTRODUCTION: Relive is a serious game focusing on increasing kids and young adults' awareness on CPR. We evaluated the use of Relive on schoolchildren. METHODS: A longitudinal, prospective study was carried out in two high schools in Italy over a 8-month period, divided in three phases: baseline, competition, and retention. Improvement in schoolchildren's CPR awareness, in terms of knowledge (MCQ results) and skills (chest compression (CC) rate and depth), was evaluated...
July 2017: Resuscitation
Rosa Requena-Morales, Antonio Palazón-Bru, María Mercedes Rizo-Baeza, José Manuel Adsuar-Quesada, Vicente Francisco Gil-Guillén, Ernesto Cortés-Castell
AIMS: To determine out-of-hospital cardiac arrest mortality in the province of Alicante (Spain) and its associated factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study of all patients who received cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) (n = 422) in the province of Alicante in 2013. To determine associated factors, a binary logistic regression model was constructed. Primary outcome: death before arriving at the hospital. Predictive variables: gender, age, artificial respiration, prior functional status, asystole, cardiogenic aetiology, bystander CPR, time from the cardiac arrest to the arrival of the EMS and location of cardiac arrest...
2017: PloS One
Derek B Hoyme, Dianne L Atkins
OBJECTIVE: To understand perceived barriers to providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) education, implementation processes, and practices in high schools. STUDY DESIGN: Iowa has required CPR as a graduation requirement since 2011 as an unfunded mandate. A cross-sectional study was performed through multiple choice surveys sent to Iowa high schools to collect data about school demographics, details of CPR programs, cost, logistics, and barriers to implementation, as well as automated external defibrillator training and availability...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
Stefanie Beck, Bjarne Ruhnke, Malte Issleib, Anne Daubmann, Sigrid Harendza, Christian Zöllner
BACKGROUND: Training of lay-rescuers is essential to improve survival-rates after cardiac arrest. Multiple campaigns emphasise the importance of basic life support (BLS) training for school children. Trainings require a valid assessment to give feedback to school children and to compare the outcomes of different training formats. Considering these requirements, we developed an assessment of BLS skills using MiniAnne and tested the inter-rater reliability between professionals, medical students and trained school children as assessors...
October 7, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Gail G Salvatierra, Steven J Palazzo, Allison Emery
OBJECTIVE: Describe the rates of CPR/AED training in high schools in the state of Washington after passage of legislation mandating CPR/AED training. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A web-based survey was sent to administrators at 660 public and private high schools in the state of Washington. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The survey was completed by 148 schools (22%); 64% reported providing CPR training and 54% provided AED training. Reported barriers to implementation included instructor availability, cost, and a lack of equipment...
May 2017: Public Health Nursing
Stefanie Beck, Vivian Meier-Klages, Maria Michaelis, Susanne Sehner, Sigrid Harendza, Christian Zöllner, Jens Christian Kubitz
BACKGROUND: The "kids save lives" joint-statement highlights the effectiveness of training all school children worldwide in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to improve survival after cardiac arrest. The personnel requirement to implement this statement is high. Until now, no randomised controlled trial investigated if medical students benefit from their engagement in the BLS-education of school children regarding their later roles as physicians. The objective of the present study is to evaluate if medical students improve their teaching behaviour and CPR-skills by teaching school children in basic life support...
November 2016: Resuscitation
Victoria L Vetter, Danielle M Haley, Noreen P Dugan, V Ramesh Iyer, Justine Shults
BACKGROUND: Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) rates are low. Our study objective was to encourage Philadelphia high school students to develop CPR/AED (automated external defibrillator) training programs and to assess their efficacy. The focus was on developing innovative ways to learn the skills of CPR/AED use, increasing willingness to respond in an emergency, and retention of effective psychomotor resuscitation skills. METHODS AND RESULTS: Health education classes in 15 Philadelphia School District high schools were selected, with one Control and one Study Class per school...
July 2016: Resuscitation
Daniel L Beskind, Uwe Stolz, Rebecca Thiede, Riley Hoyer, Whitney Burns, Jeffrey Brown, Melissa Ludgate, Timothy Tiutan, Romy Shane, Deven McMorrow, Michael Pleasants, Ashish R Panchal
BACKGROUND: CPR training in schools is a public health initiative to improve out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survival. It is unclear whether brief video training in students improves CPR quality and responsiveness and skills retention. OBJECTIVES: Determine if a brief video is as effective as classroom instruction for chest compression-only (CCO) CPR training in high school students. METHODS: This was a prospective cluster-randomized controlled trial with three study arms: control (sham video), brief video (BV), and CCO-CPR class...
July 2016: Resuscitation
Grzegorz Bielec, Paweł Klajman, Alicja Pęczak-Graczyk
BACKGROUND: According to the literature, 40% of injuries affecting school-age children are sports related. The role of physical education students, as future teachers, seems to be of high importance in terms of protecting children's safety during sports classes. PURPOSES: The aim is to evaluate the level of basic life support (BLS) knowledge and skills in physical education students instructed with the use of different methods. METHODS: Second-year physical education students (n=104, M age=20±0...
2014: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Anne Marie Roust Aaberg, Caroline Emilie Brenner Larsen, Bodil Steen Rasmussen, Carolina Malta Hansen, Jacob Moesgaaard Larsen
BACKGROUND: Early recognition and immediate bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation are critical determinants of survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Our aim was to evaluate current knowledge on basic life support (BLS) in Danish high school students and benefits of a single training session run by junior doctors. METHODS: Six-hundred-fifty-one students were included. They underwent one 45-minute BLS training session including theoretical aspects and hands-on training with mannequins...
2014: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Scott M Wasilko, David K Lisle
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) events are tragic. Secondary prevention of SCD depends on availability of automated external defibrillators (AEDs). High school athletes represent a high-risk group for SCD, and current efforts aim to place AEDs in all high schools. HYPOTHESIS: The prevalence of AEDs and emergency planning for sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) in Vermont high schools is similar to other states. Understanding specific needs and limitations in rural states may prevent SCD in rural high schools...
November 2013: Sports Health
Jonathan A Drezner, Brett G Toresdahl, Ashwin L Rao, Ella Huszti, Kimberly G Harmon
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is the leading cause of death in athletes during exercise. The effectiveness of school-based automated external defibrillator (AED) programmes has not been established through a prospective study. METHODS: A total of 2149 high schools participated in a prospective observational study beginning 1 August 2009, through 31 July 2011. Schools were contacted quarterly and reported all cases of SCA. Of these 95% of schools confirmed their participation for the entire 2-year study period...
December 2013: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Rosemarie Fernandez, Marina Pearce, James A Grand, Tara A Rench, Kerin A Jones, Georgia T Chao, Steve W J Kozlowski
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of a low-resource-demand, easily disseminated computer-based teamwork process training intervention on teamwork behaviors and patient care performance in code teams. DESIGN: A randomized comparison trial of computer-based teamwork training versus placebo training was conducted from August 2010 through March 2011. SETTING: This study was conducted at the simulation suite within the Kado Family Clinical Skills Center, Wayne State University School of Medicine...
November 2013: Critical Care Medicine
Sharon Boudreaux, Lisa Broussard
A school nurse has many obstacles to overcome when providing emergency care for an age group ranging from four to adulthood. The 21st century school nurse faces the challenges of providing care to medically fragile children at multiple sites, with high student-nurse ratios. The implementation of an Automated External Defibrillation (AED) program can assist the school nurse and staff in providing necessary life-saving services for Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) victims of all ages. The purpose of this article is to describe AED program implementation in a school setting, including the need, essential elements, benefits, and potential concerns related to this vital component of the American Heart Association five-link chain of survival...
2012: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
Robert Swor, Heather Grace, Heather McGovern, Michelle Weiner, Edward Walton
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac arrest in schools are infrequent, but emotionally charged events. The purpose of our study was to: (1) describe characteristics and outcomes of school cardiac arrests; and (2) assess the feasibility of conducting school bystander interviews to describe the events surrounding cardiac arrests, assess AED availability and use, and identify barriers to AED use. METHODS: We performed a telephone survey of bystanders to cardiac arrests occurring in K-12 schools in communities participating in the Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival (CARES) database and a local cardiac arrest database...
April 2013: Resuscitation
Theresa M Meissner, Cordula Kloppe, Christoph Hanefeld
BACKGROUND: Immediate bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) significantly improves survival after a sudden cardiopulmonary collapse. This study assessed the basic life support (BLS) knowledge and performance of high school students before and after CPR training. METHODS: This study included 132 teenagers (mean age 14.6 ± 1.4 years). Students completed a two-hour training course that provided theoretical background on sudden cardiac death (SCD) and a hands-on CPR tutorial...
2012: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Terry L Dewitt, Scott A Unruh, Srivatsa Seshadri
CONTEXT: Medical organizations have recommended that administrators, parents, and community leaders explore every opportunity to make interscholastic athletic programs safe for participation, including employing athletic trainers at practices and competitive events. OBJECTIVE: To determine the overall level of medical services provided for secondary school-aged athletes at high school athletic events in a rural southern state, to evaluate the employment of athletic trainers in the provision of medical services in secondary schools, and to compare athletic training medical services provided at athletic events among schools of various sizes...
January 2012: Journal of Athletic Training
Craig Warden, Michael T Cudnik, Comilla Sasson, Greg Schwartz, Hugh Semple
BACKGROUND: Scarce resources in disease prevention and emergency medical services (EMS) need to be focused on high-risk areas of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). OBJECTIVE: Cluster analysis using geographic information systems (GISs) was used to find these high-risk areas and test potential predictive variables. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort analysis of EMS-treated adults with OHCAs occurring in Columbus, Ohio, from April 1, 2004, through March 31, 2009...
July 2012: Prehospital Emergency Care
C G Woelfl, T Guehring, A Moghaddam, B Gliwitzky, T Schaedler, P A Gruetzner, M Riess, C B Frank
BACKGROUND: The training of medical school students at the University of Heidelberg seems to be improvable regarding prehospital trauma treatment compared to an established anaesthesiology-based training for medical emergencies. This study addresses the current situation and possibilities for advancing this training. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A baseline was set by interviews of the medical school students. Based on this the hypothesis was postulated that there is a deficit in the education of the medical school students concerning the training in prehospital trauma treatment...
March 2012: Der Unfallchirurg
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