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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852456/implementing-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-programs-in-high-schools-iowa-s-experience
#1
Derek B Hoyme, Dianne L Atkins
OBJECTIVE: To understand perceived barriers to providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) education, implementation processes, and practices in high schools. STUDY DESIGN: Iowa has required CPR as a graduation requirement since 2011 as an unfunded mandate. A cross-sectional study was performed through multiple choice surveys sent to Iowa high schools to collect data about school demographics, details of CPR programs, cost, logistics, and barriers to implementation, as well as automated external defibrillator training and availability...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717352/analyses-of-inter-rater-reliability-between-professionals-medical-students-and-trained-school-children-as-assessors-of-basic-life-support-skills
#2
Stefanie Beck, Bjarne Ruhnke, Malte Issleib, Anne Daubmann, Sigrid Harendza, Christian Zöllner
BACKGROUND: Training of lay-rescuers is essential to improve survival-rates after cardiac arrest. Multiple campaigns emphasise the importance of basic life support (BLS) training for school children. Trainings require a valid assessment to give feedback to school children and to compare the outcomes of different training formats. Considering these requirements, we developed an assessment of BLS skills using MiniAnne and tested the inter-rater reliability between professionals, medical students and trained school children as assessors...
October 7, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704621/high-school-cpr-aed-training-in-washington-state
#3
Gail G Salvatierra, Steven J Palazzo, Allison Emery
OBJECTIVE: Describe the rates of CPR/AED training in high schools in the state of Washington after passage of legislation mandating CPR/AED training. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A web-based survey was sent to administrators at 660 public and private high schools in the state of Washington. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The survey was completed by 148 schools (22%); 64% reported providing CPR training and 54% provided AED training. Reported barriers to implementation included instructor availability, cost, and a lack of equipment...
October 5, 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576085/teaching-school-children-basic-life-support-improves-teaching-and-basic-life-support-skills-of-medical-students-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Stefanie Beck, Vivian Meier-Klages, Maria Michaelis, Susanne Sehner, Sigrid Harendza, Christian Zöllner, Jens Christian Kubitz
BACKGROUND: The "kids save lives" joint-statement highlights the effectiveness of training all school children worldwide in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to improve survival after cardiac arrest. The personnel requirement to implement this statement is high. Until now, no randomised controlled trial investigated if medical students benefit from their engagement in the BLS-education of school children regarding their later roles as physicians. The objective of the present study is to evaluate if medical students improve their teaching behaviour and CPR-skills by teaching school children in basic life support...
August 27, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27131845/innovative-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-automated-external-defibrillator-programs-in-schools-results-from-the-student-program-for-olympic-resuscitation-training-in-schools-sports-study
#5
Victoria L Vetter, Danielle M Haley, Noreen P Dugan, V Ramesh Iyer, Justine Shults
BACKGROUND: Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) rates are low. Our study objective was to encourage Philadelphia high school students to develop CPR/AED (automated external defibrillator) training programs and to assess their efficacy. The focus was on developing innovative ways to learn the skills of CPR/AED use, increasing willingness to respond in an emergency, and retention of effective psychomotor resuscitation skills. METHODS AND RESULTS: Health education classes in 15 Philadelphia School District high schools were selected, with one Control and one Study Class per school...
July 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112909/viewing-a-brief-chest-compression-only-cpr-video-improves-bystander-cpr-performance-and-responsiveness-in-high-school-students-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#6
Daniel L Beskind, Uwe Stolz, Rebecca Thiede, Riley Hoyer, Whitney Burns, Jeffrey Brown, Melissa Ludgate, Timothy Tiutan, Romy Shane, Deven McMorrow, Michael Pleasants, Ashish R Panchal
BACKGROUND: CPR training in schools is a public health initiative to improve out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survival. It is unclear whether brief video training in students improves CPR quality and responsiveness and skills retention. OBJECTIVES: Determine if a brief video is as effective as classroom instruction for chest compression-only (CCO) CPR training in high school students. METHODS: This was a prospective cluster-randomized controlled trial with three study arms: control (sham video), brief video (BV), and CCO-CPR class...
July 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25010236/effectiveness-of-basic-life-support-instruction-in-physical-education-students-a-pilot-study
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Grzegorz Bielec, Paweł Klajman, Alicja Pęczak-Graczyk
BACKGROUND: According to the literature, 40% of injuries affecting school-age children are sports related. The role of physical education students, as future teachers, seems to be of high importance in terms of protecting children's safety during sports classes. PURPOSES: The aim is to evaluate the level of basic life support (BLS) knowledge and skills in physical education students instructed with the use of different methods. METHODS: Second-year physical education students (n=104, M age=20±0...
2014: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24731392/basic-life-support-knowledge-self-reported-skills-and-fears-in-danish-high-school-students-and-effect-of-a-single-45-min-training-session-run-by-junior-doctors-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Anne Marie Roust Aaberg, Caroline Emilie Brenner Larsen, Bodil Steen Rasmussen, Carolina Malta Hansen, Jacob Moesgaaard Larsen
BACKGROUND: Early recognition and immediate bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation are critical determinants of survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Our aim was to evaluate current knowledge on basic life support (BLS) in Danish high school students and benefits of a single training session run by junior doctors. METHODS: Six-hundred-fifty-one students were included. They underwent one 45-minute BLS training session including theoretical aspects and hands-on training with mannequins...
2014: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24427431/automated-external-defibrillators-and-emergency-planning-for-sudden-cardiac-arrest-in-vermont-high-schools-a-rural-state-s-perspective
#9
Scott M Wasilko, David K Lisle
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) events are tragic. Secondary prevention of SCD depends on availability of automated external defibrillators (AEDs). High school athletes represent a high-risk group for SCD, and current efforts aim to place AEDs in all high schools. HYPOTHESIS: The prevalence of AEDs and emergency planning for sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) in Vermont high schools is similar to other states. Understanding specific needs and limitations in rural states may prevent SCD in rural high schools...
November 2013: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24124037/outcomes-from-sudden-cardiac-arrest-in-us-high-schools-a-2-year-prospective-study-from-the-national-registry-for-aed-use-in-sports
#10
Jonathan A Drezner, Brett G Toresdahl, Ashwin L Rao, Ella Huszti, Kimberly G Harmon
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is the leading cause of death in athletes during exercise. The effectiveness of school-based automated external defibrillator (AED) programmes has not been established through a prospective study. METHODS: A total of 2149 high schools participated in a prospective observational study beginning 1 August 2009, through 31 July 2011. Schools were contacted quarterly and reported all cases of SCA. Of these 95% of schools confirmed their participation for the entire 2-year study period...
December 2013: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23949473/evaluation-of-a-computer-based-educational-intervention-to-improve-medical-teamwork-and-performance-during-simulated-patient-resuscitations
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rosemarie Fernandez, Marina Pearce, James A Grand, Tara A Rench, Kerin A Jones, Georgia T Chao, Steve W J Kozlowski
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of a low-resource-demand, easily disseminated computer-based teamwork process training intervention on teamwork behaviors and patient care performance in code teams. DESIGN: A randomized comparison trial of computer-based teamwork training versus placebo training was conducted from August 2010 through March 2011. SETTING: This study was conducted at the simulation suite within the Kado Family Clinical Skills Center, Wayne State University School of Medicine...
November 2013: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23140410/sudden-cardiac-arrest-in-schools-the-role-of-the-school-nurse-in-aed-program-implementation
#12
Sharon Boudreaux, Lisa Broussard
A school nurse has many obstacles to overcome when providing emergency care for an age group ranging from four to adulthood. The 21st century school nurse faces the challenges of providing care to medically fragile children at multiple sites, with high student-nurse ratios. The implementation of an Automated External Defibrillation (AED) program can assist the school nurse and staff in providing necessary life-saving services for Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) victims of all ages. The purpose of this article is to describe AED program implementation in a school setting, including the need, essential elements, benefits, and potential concerns related to this vital component of the American Heart Association five-link chain of survival...
2012: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23000498/cardiac-arrests-in-schools-assessing-use-of-automated-external-defibrillators-aed-on-school-campuses
#13
Robert Swor, Heather Grace, Heather McGovern, Michelle Weiner, Edward Walton
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac arrest in schools are infrequent, but emotionally charged events. The purpose of our study was to: (1) describe characteristics and outcomes of school cardiac arrests; and (2) assess the feasibility of conducting school bystander interviews to describe the events surrounding cardiac arrests, assess AED availability and use, and identify barriers to AED use. METHODS: We performed a telephone survey of bystanders to cardiac arrests occurring in K-12 schools in communities participating in the Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival (CARES) database and a local cardiac arrest database...
April 2013: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22502917/basic-life-support-skills-of-high-school-students-before-and-after-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-a-longitudinal-investigation
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Theresa M Meissner, Cordula Kloppe, Christoph Hanefeld
BACKGROUND: Immediate bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) significantly improves survival after a sudden cardiopulmonary collapse. This study assessed the basic life support (BLS) knowledge and performance of high school students before and after CPR training. METHODS: This study included 132 teenagers (mean age 14.6 ± 1.4 years). Students completed a two-hour training course that provided theoretical background on sudden cardiac death (SCD) and a hands-on CPR tutorial...
2012: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22488235/the-level-of-medical-services-and-secondary-school-aged-athletes
#15
Terry L Dewitt, Scott A Unruh, Srivatsa Seshadri
CONTEXT: Medical organizations have recommended that administrators, parents, and community leaders explore every opportunity to make interscholastic athletic programs safe for participation, including employing athletic trainers at practices and competitive events. OBJECTIVE: To determine the overall level of medical services provided for secondary school-aged athletes at high school athletic events in a rural southern state, to evaluate the employment of athletic trainers in the provision of medical services in secondary schools, and to compare athletic training medical services provided at athletic events among schools of various sizes...
January 2012: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22452650/poisson-cluster-analysis-of-cardiac-arrest-incidence-in-columbus-ohio
#16
Craig Warden, Michael T Cudnik, Comilla Sasson, Greg Schwartz, Hugh Semple
BACKGROUND: Scarce resources in disease prevention and emergency medical services (EMS) need to be focused on high-risk areas of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). OBJECTIVE: Cluster analysis using geographic information systems (GISs) was used to find these high-risk areas and test potential predictive variables. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort analysis of EMS-treated adults with OHCAs occurring in Columbus, Ohio, from April 1, 2004, through March 31, 2009...
July 2012: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22294422/-phtls-team-course-a-pilot-project-structured-student-education-in-prehospital-care-of-severely-injured-patients
#17
C G Woelfl, T Guehring, A Moghaddam, B Gliwitzky, T Schaedler, P A Gruetzner, M Riess, C B Frank
BACKGROUND: The training of medical school students at the University of Heidelberg seems to be improvable regarding prehospital trauma treatment compared to an established anaesthesiology-based training for medical emergencies. This study addresses the current situation and possibilities for advancing this training. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A baseline was set by interviews of the medical school students. Based on this the hypothesis was postulated that there is a deficit in the education of the medical school students concerning the training in prehospital trauma treatment...
March 2012: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22015122/school-children-training-for-basic-life-support
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Shahab Naqvi, Rashad Siddiqi, Syed Aqeel Hussain, Hanniyah Batool, Hafsa Arshad
OBJECTIVE: To determine the background knowledge of high school children on basic life support by calculating the points scored in a MCQ-based test; to evaluate results of teaching basic life support skills to them; and assessing their power of retention by re-testing them on skills and MCQ test after the workshop. STUDY DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology and National Institute of Heart Diseases, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from 1st September to 31st December 2008...
October 2011: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21673491/automated-external-defibrillators-in-health-and-fitness-facilities
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jonathan A Drezner, Irfan M Asif, Kimberly G Harmon
BACKGROUND: Exercise is encouraged to promote health, but it can be a trigger for sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) in individuals with underlying cardiovascular disease. In 2002, the American Heart Association and the American College of Sports Medicine issued recommendations for the presence of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in health and fitness facilities. OBJECTIVE: To assess emergency response planning for SCA and review the prevalence and past utilization of AEDs in health and fitness facilities in King County, WA...
May 2011: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21609507/impact-of-additional-module-training-on-the-level-of-basic-life-support-knowledge-of-first-year-students-at-the-university-of-maribor
#20
Damjan Lešnik, Bojan Lešnik, Jerneja Golub, Miljenko Križmarić, Stefan Mally, Stefek Grmec
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of additional (two versus one session) basic life support (BLS) training of university students on knowledge and attitude concerning the performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. METHODS: A total of 439 students in three separate groups were tested: those with no prior BLS training; BLS training in high school (part of the driver's education course); and BLS training in high school (in the driver's education course) and additional BLS training at the university...
2011: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
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