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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732300/complete-torsion-of-gallbladder-following-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-case-study
#1
Tomoaki Bekki, Tomoyuki Abe, Hironobu Amano, Nobuaki Fujikuni, Hiroshi Okuda, Tatsunari Sasada, Minoru Yamaki, Tsuyoshi Kobayashi, Toshio Noriyuki, Masahiro Nakahara
INTRODUCTION: Gallbladder torsion is mainly associated with a floating gallbladder. From an anatomical perspective, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a more optimal treatment than open cholecystectomy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 84-year-old woman visited the Onomichi General Hospital because of progressive pain in the right upper quadrant of her abdomen. Physical examination revealed a positive Murphy sign and peritoneal irritation. Laboratory data demonstrated that inflammatory marker levels were increased...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717912/management-of-the-open-abdomen-after-liver-transplantation
#2
Christian Hobeika, Marc-Antoine Allard, Petru-Octav Bucur, Salima Naili, Antonio Sa Cunha, Daniel Cherqui, Denis Castaing, René Adam, Eric Vibert
INTRODUCTION: The optimal management of the open abdomen (OA) after liver transplantation (LT) is unclear. The negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been shown to be safe and can increase the chance for early fascial closure in trauma or septic patients. However, little data are available on the specific setting of LT. We aimed to report our experience of OA after LT, marked by the recent use of NPWT. METHODS: All patients with postponed wall closure after LT, from 2002 to 2014, in a single institution were included and retrospectively analyzed...
July 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715250/the-development-of-technology-for-effective-respiratory-gated-irradiation-using-an-image-guided-small-animal-irradiator
#3
M A Hill, J Thompson, A Kavanagh, I D C Tullis, R G Newman, J Prentice, J Beech, S Gilchrist, S Smart, E Fokas, B Vojnovic
The development of image-guided small animal irradiators represents a significant improvement over standard irradiators by enabling preclinical studies to mimic radiotherapy in humans. The ability to deliver tightly collimated targeted beams, in conjunction with gantry or animal couch rotation, has the potential to maximize tumor dose while sparing normal tissues. However, the current commercial platforms do not incorporate respiratory gating, which is required for accurate and precise targeting in organs subject to respiration related motions that may be up to the order of 5 mm in mice...
July 17, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693050/long-term-results-of-fixation-free-incisional-hernia-repair-using-a-tentacle-shaped-implant
#4
Giuseppe Amato, Giorgio Romano, Thorsten Goetze, Luca Gordini, Enrico Erdas, Fabio Medas, Piergiorgio Calò
INTRODUCTION: The fixation and the overlap of the mesh represent an open issue in incisional hernia repair. An exclusively designed prosthesis has been developed to assure a suture-free repair and a broader coverage of the abdominal wall. This study describes the long-term results of incisional hernia procedures carried out positioning a tentacle-shaped implant through a specifically developed surgical technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A proprietary symmetrically-shaped flat mesh constituted by a large central body with integrated radiating arms was used to repair incisional hernias in 68 patients...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688313/laparoscopic-management-of-a-complicated-case-of-wilkie-s-syndrome-a-case-report
#5
Yehya Khodear, Wisam Al-Ramli, Zsolt Bodnar
INTRODUCTION: Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome also known as Wilkie's syndrome is a rare condition caused by the entrapment of the third part of the duodenum between the aorta and the SMA. The incidence of Wilkie's syndrome range between 0.013% and 0.3%. The normal angle between the aorta and SMA has been described to range between 38° and 65°, whereas in Wilkie's syndrome this angle is reduced to less than 20° causing gastric outlet obstruction. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a previously diagnosed 43 year-old male with SMA syndrome, whom had been conservatively managed for 5-years for recurrent admissions with symptoms of gastric outlet obstruction...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680033/left-renal-vein-compression-syndrome-cracking-the-nut-of-clinical-dilemmas-three-cases-and-review-of-literature
#6
Waqas Javed Siddiqui, Abu Bakar, Muhammad Aslam, Hasan Arif, Brian A Bianco, Alexander E Trebelev, Ellie Kelepouris, Sandeep Aggarwal
BACKGROUND The term nutcracker phenomenon (NCP) elucidates anatomical structure and hemodynamics, whereas nutcracker syndrome (NCS) refers to clinical manifestations. We present three cases of similar clinical features of hematuria and flank pain with different clinical outcomes. CASE REPORT Case 1: A 36-year-old Caucasian female with a past medical history (PMH) of HIV infection presented for evaluation of hematuria. Computed tomography (CT) without contrast showed pelvic venous congestion and narrowing of the extra-renal left renal vein (LRV)...
July 6, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664656/combined-laparoscopic-resection-of-intestinal-stenosis-of-garr%C3%A3-and-open-preperitoneal-mesh-repair-for-irreducible-femoral-hernia
#7
Nobutoshi Soeta, Takuro Saito, Mitsunori Higuchi, Tetsutaro Nemoto, Hazime Matsuida, Ikuro Oshibe
Intestinal stenosis of Garré is a rare condition caused by a benign fibrous bowel stricture due to complicated strangulated hernia. We present a case of intestinal stenosis of Garré associated with right femoral hernia in an 85-year-old woman. The patient visited our hospital with a 2-day history of vomiting. Her abdomen was slightly distended. A mass was palpated in the right groin region. CT showed prolapse of the small intestine in the right groin region. An incarcerated right femoral hernia was diagnosed and manually reduced...
June 30, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661985/a-novel-approach-to-sealing-the-denuded-dermis-of-the-abdominal-wall-with-a-negative-pressure-wound-device-after-a-decompressive-laparotomy
#8
John Davis, Daniel M Caruso, Kevin N Foster, Marc R Matthews
The open abdomen is a well-known technique that is applied in a wide variety of clinical situations, including treatment of abdominal compartment syndrome, damage control laparotomy, and severe intraabdominal sepsis. Disease states such as Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis or extensive deep partial and/or full-thickness torso burns involving the abdomen often result in a complete epidermal and partial dermal loss. When ABThera Open Abdomen Negative Pressure Wound Therapy is attempted in these patients, the exposed subcutaneous tissue rarely allows for an adequate seal between the adhesive barrier and the denuded skin...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654318/a-novel-technique-for-parastomal-hernia-repair-combining-a-laparoscopic-and-ostomy-opening-approach
#9
Gernot Köhler, Ines Fischer, Helwig Wundsam
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate a new method of parastomal hernia (PSH) repair by using a hybrid approach with a cylindrical-shaped mesh of 4 cm funnel length. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a pilot prospective case series, 12 patients underwent surgical repair of PSHs with a combined laparoscopic and ostomy-opening approach. After laparoscopic adhesiolysis, the ostomy opening was excised from outside and the bowel was closed. The hernia sac was excised after reduction of its content...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647198/trends-in-open-abdominal-exposure-among-vascular-surgery-trainees
#10
Victoria Greenwood, Brian Shames, Adam Tanious, Murray L Shames, Jeffrey E Indes
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study evaluates the trends in open abdominal surgery cases among integrated vascular surgery residents compared with their 5 + 2 counterparts. METHODS: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) case logs between 2007 and 2016 were collected from a pool of 9861 residents and fellows from 371 institutions. Trainees were grouped into three categories: general surgery residency (GSR), integrated vascular surgery residency (IVSR), and vascular surgery fellowship in the United States...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641703/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-cost-effectiveness-of-intensive-versus-no-scheduled-follow-up-in-patients-who-have-undergone-resection-for-colorectal-cancer-with-curative-intent
#11
David Mant, Alastair Gray, Siân Pugh, Helen Campbell, Stephen George, Alice Fuller, Bethany Shinkins, Andrea Corkhill, Jane Mellor, Elizabeth Dixon, Louisa Little, Rafael Perera-Salazar, John Primrose
BACKGROUND: Intensive follow-up after surgery for colorectal cancer is common practice but lacks a firm evidence base. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether or not augmenting symptomatic follow-up in primary care with two intensive methods of follow-up [monitoring of blood carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels and scheduled imaging] is effective and cost-effective in detecting the recurrence of colorectal cancer treatable surgically with curative intent. DESIGN: Randomised controlled open-label trial...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632581/multicenter-retrospective-study-of-noncompressible-torso-hemorrhage-anatomic-locations-of-bleeding-and-comparison-of-endovascular-versus-open-approach
#12
Ronald Chang, Erin E Fox, Thomas J Greene, Brian J Eastridge, Ramyar Gilani, Kevin K Chung, Stacia M DeSantis, Joseph J DuBose, Jeffrey S Tomasek, Gerald R Fortuna, Valerie G Sams, S Rob Todd, Jeanette M Podbielski, Charles E Wade, John B Holcomb
BACKGROUND: Rational development of technology for rapid control of noncompressible torso hemorrhage (NCTH) requires detailed understanding of what is bleeding. Our objectives were to describe the anatomic location of truncal bleeding in patients presenting with NCTH and compare endovascular (ENDO) management versus open (OPEN) management. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of adult trauma patients with NCTH admitted to four urban Level I trauma centers in the Houston and San Antonio metropolitan areas in 2008 to 2012...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627349/-clinical-application-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-with-abdominal-lifting-and-compression-in-emergency-treatment
#13
Jie Wang, Guolan Wu, Ronghua Yang, Yonghong Wang, Shunping Wang, Honglin Li, Shouhui Wang, Manguo Zhao, Xusheng Li, Yan Peng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical value of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with abdominal lifting and compression on patients with breathing and cardiac arrest induced by severe chest trauma. METHODS: Sixty-six breathing and cardiac arrest patients induced by severe chest trauma admitted to the General Hospital of Jingyuan Coal Industry Group Company from October 2011 to October 2016 were enrolled, and they were divided into abdominal lifting and compression group (n = 32) and unarmed abdominal compression group (n = 34) by random number table...
March 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625296/no-193-laparoscopic-entry-a-review-of-techniques-technologies-and-complications
#14
George A Vilos, Artin Ternamian, Jeffrey Dempster, Philippe Y Laberge
OBJECTIVE: To provide clinical direction, based on the best evidence available, on laparoscopic entry techniques and technologies and their associated complications. OPTIONS: The laparoscopic entry techniques and technologies reviewed in formulating this guideline include the classic pneumoperitoneum (Veress/trocar), the open (Hasson), the direct trocar insertion, the use of disposable shielded trocars, radially expanding trocars, and visual entry systems. OUTCOMES: Implementation of this guideline should optimize the decision-making process in choosing a particular technique to enter the abdomen during laparoscopy...
July 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610572/postlaparoscopic-reduction-of-pain-by-combining-intraperitoneal-normal-saline-and-the-pulmonary-recruitment-maneuver-polar-bear-trial-rct-to-estimate-reduction-in-pain-after-laparoscopic-surgery-when-using-a-combination-therapy-of-intraperitoneal-normal-saline
#15
J E W van Dijk, S J Dedden, P M A J Geomini, P Meijer, N van Hanegem, M Y Bongers
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain and pain in the upper abdomen are common complaints after laparoscopy, sometimes surpassing the pain at incision sites. The incidence of shoulder pain ranges from 35 to 80%. Post-laparoscopic pain is caused by retention of carbon dioxide in the abdomen, which irritates the phrenic nerve and diaphragm, causing referred pain in the shoulder and in the upper abdomen. A promising strategy to reduce this post-laparoscopic pain is the pulmonary recruitment maneuver, which indirectly increases intraperitoneal pressure and thereby facilitates removal of residual carbon dioxide...
June 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589502/endoscopic-removal-of-an-impacted-barolith-at-the-sigmoid-colon-a-rare-case-report
#16
Tomoya Iida, Takehiro Hirano, Kei Onodera, Toshiyuki Kubo, Kentaro Yamashita, Hiroo Yamano, Hiroshi Nakase
A 45-year-old woman visited our hospital complaining of abdominal pain 1 week after undergoing an annual medical checkup. Her vital signs and blood test results were normal, but tenderness was found in the lower abdomen. A high-density round structure found at the midline of the lower abdomen on an abdominal radiograph was thought to be an accumulation of barium (a barolith) from upper gastrointestinal barium radiography. Two liters of an oral gastrointestinal cleaning agent was administered, but defecation did not occur...
August 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586581/difficulties-in-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-conversion-versus-surgeon-s-failure
#17
Aun Ali, Summaya Saeed, Rabel Khawaja, Sunil Sadruddin Samnani, Farah Naz Farid
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is considered to be gold standard treatment for symptomatic gall stones. Despite several benefits there are still disadvantages of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in difficult cases where anatomy is disturbed even in experienced hand. Aim of this study is to identify advantages of early conversion to open cholecystectomy in difficult cases and how it should not be associated with surgeon's failure. METHODS: Observational study was conducted at tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan from January 2012 till June 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578386/injectable-in-situ-cross-linking-chitosan-hyaluronic-acid-based-hydrogels-for-abdominal-tissue-regeneration
#18
Youming Deng, Jianan Ren, Guopu Chen, Guanwei Li, Xiuwen Wu, Gefei Wang, Guosheng Gu, Jieshou Li
Abdominal wall defect caused by open abdomen (OA) or abdominal trauma is a serious issue since it induces several clinical problems. Although a variety of prosthetic materials are commonly employed, complications occur including host soft tissue response, fistula formation and chronic patient discomfort. Recently, abundant natural polymers have been used for injectable hydrogel synthesis in tissue regeneration. In this study, we produced the chitosan - hyaluronic acid (CS/HA) hydrogel and investigated its effects on abdominal tissue regeneration...
June 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567294/pheochromocytomatosis-associated-with-a-novel-tmem127-mutation
#19
Run Yu, Danielle Sharaga, Christopher Donner, M Fernando Palma Diaz, Masha J Livhits, Michael W Yeh
Pheochromocytomatosis, a very rare form of pheochromocytoma recurrence, refers to new, multiple, and often small pheochromocytomas growing in and around the surgical resection bed of a previous adrenalectomy for a solitary pheochromocytoma. We here report a case of pheochromocytomatosis in a 70-year-old female. At age 64 years, she was diagnosed with a 6-cm right pheochromocytoma. She underwent laparoscopic right adrenalectomy, during which the tumor capsule was ruptured. At age 67 years, CT of abdomen did not detect recurrence...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565792/effect-of-ozone-oxidative-preconditioning-on-oxidative-stress-injury-in-a-rat-model-of-kidney-transplantation
#20
Tao Qiu, Zhi-Shun Wang, Xiu-Heng Liu, Hui Chen, Jiang-Qiao Zhou, Zhi-Yuan Chen, Min Wang, Guan-Jun Jiang, Lei Wang, Gang Yu, Long Zhang, Ye Shen, Lu Zhang, Li He, Hua-Xin Wang, Wen-Jing Zhang
The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of ozone oxidative preconditioning (OOP) on renal oxidative stress injury in a rat model of kidney transplantation. Thirty-six male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into three groups: A sham (S) group, a kidney transplantation (KT) group and an OOP and kidney transplantation (OOP+KT) group. In the S group, the rats' abdomens were opened and closed without transplantation. In the KT group, the rats received a left kidney from donor SD rats...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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