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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530777/clinicopathological-analysis-of-patients-operated-for-appendiceal-mucocele
#1
Hasan Abuoğlu, Mehmet Kamil Yıldız, Bülent Kaya, Mehmet Odabaşı
BACKGROUND: The term mucocele refers to the dilatation of the appendix due to mucus, and it is an uncommon disorder with an estimated incidence of 0.2%-0.3% of all appendectomies performed and 8%-10% of all appendiceal tumors. It is often asymptomatic, but may manifest appendicitis-like symptoms. METHODS: Twenty-six patients (14 females and 12 males) were operated on due to mucocele of the appendix. Sixteen patients exhibiting the characteristics of clinically acute appendicitis required an emergency operation...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520603/does-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-for-the-open-abdomen-benefit-the-patient-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Bojan Krebs, Tomaž Jagrič
OBJECTIVE: Negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is the most modern and sophisticated method of temporary abdominal closure. The aim of the study was to determine the significant predictors for mortality in patients with NPWT. SETTING: University Clinical Centre Maribor, Slovenia MATERIALS AND METHODS:: The authors performed a retrospective cohort study of all patients treated with NPWT between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2014. RESULTS: In the univariate analysis, the type of wound closure, more than 7 NPWT changes, the total days with NPWT, and time to wound closure were significantly associated with death of the patient...
June 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503239/a-case-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-in-a-patient-with-situs-inversus-operative-considerations-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
Justin Oake, Darrel Drachenberg
Situs inversus, an uncommon mirror-image reversal of the major visceral and thoracic organs, is seldom of medical significance. However, the recognition of their unique anatomy is extremely important for those requiring surgical intervention. There are very few reported cases of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) developing in people with situs inversus. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case in Canada. A review of the literature only identified nine published cases worldwide. Here, we review and summarize pertinent information, including patient age and sex, size and location of tumour, method of surgery, and pathology...
May 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502964/primary-volvulus-of-the-small-intestine-exhibiting-chylous-ascites-a-case-report
#4
Tamuro Hayama, Takeshi Shioya, Meishi Hankyo, Takao Shimizu, Hajime Shibuya, Osamu Komine, Yoshimasa Watanabe, Kotaro Nanbu, Taro Yamada
BACKGROUND: Primary volvulus of the small intestine associated with chylous ascites is very rare, with only four reported cases. In this paper, we report a new case of primary volvulus associated with chylous ascites. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 70-year-old man. After experiencing bloating and abdominal pain for several hours, he called an ambulance and underwent an emergency examination at our hospital. Abdominal distension, pressure pain, and rebound tenderness were observed throughout his entire abdomen...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502075/vacuum-assisted-wound-closure-and-mesh-mediated-fascial-traction-for-open-abdomen-therapy-a-systematic-review
#5
Stefan Acosta, Martin Björck, Ulf Petersson
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper was to review the literature on vacuum-assisted wound closure and mesh-mediated fascial traction (VAWCM) in open abdomen therapy. It was designed as systematic review of observational studies. METHODS: A Pub Med, EMBASE and Cochrane search from 2007/01-2016/07 was performed combining the Medical Subject Headings "vacuum", "mesh-mediated fascial traction", "temporary abdominal closure", "delayed abdominal closure", "open abdomen", "abdominal compartment syndrome", "negative pressure wound therapy" or "vacuum assisted wound closure"...
May 14, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502074/causes-and-consequences-of-mesenteric-embolization-after-endovascular-aorto-iliac-intervention-a-nested-case-control-study
#6
Stefan Acosta, Jussi Kärkkäinen
BACKGROUND: Causes and consequences of mesenteric embolization after endovascular aorto-iliac procedures have not been studied adequately. METHODS: Consecutive patients with mesenteric embolization after endovascular aorto-iliac intervention between 2011 and 2015 (case-group, n = 9) were investigated and compared with age, gender and procedure-matched random controls (n = 36). RESULTS: Compared to the control group, a higher proportion of patients with mesenteric embolization were current smokers (89% vs...
May 14, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500662/application-of-a-novel-bioreactor-for-in-vivo-engineering-of-pancreas-tissue
#7
Hashemi Javad, Pasalar Parvin, Soleimani Masoud, Khorramirouz Reza, Fendereski Kiarad, Enderami Seyed Ehsan, Kajbafzadeh Abdol-Mohammad
Type 1 diabetes is characterized by autoimmune destruction of pancreatic cells. Organ transplantation is an acceptable treatment for native organ failure. However, it is associated with several problems due to a number of reasons, such as the lack of appropriate donors and immunosuppression. In our present study, a novel model is presented for in vivo recellularization of acellular pancreas by implanting between the host pancreas and the adjacent omental flap. In this study, the pancreases were harvested and cannulated via the common bile duct and then, the scaffolds were acellularized by a detergent-based protocol...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497404/sexual-dysfunction-following-rectal-cancer-surgery
#8
REVIEW
V Celentano, R Cohen, J Warusavitarne, O Faiz, M Chand
INTRODUCTION: Sexual and urological problems after surgery for rectal cancer are common, multifactorial, inadequately discussed, and untreated. The urogenital function is dependent on dual autonomic sympathetic and parasympathetic innervation, and four key danger zones exist that are at risk for nerve damage during colorectal surgery: one of these sites is in the abdomen and three are in the pelvis. The aim of this study is to systematically review the epidemiology of sexual dysfunction following rectal cancer surgery, to describe the anatomical basis of autonomic nerve-preserving techniques, and to explore the scientific evidence available to support the laparoscopic or robotic approach over open surgery...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491197/traumatic-rupture-of-a-giant-congenital-splenic-cyst-presenting-as-peritonitis
#9
Alexander Tassopoulos, Melissa Wein, Annette Segura
Splenic cysts are uncommon, with large cysts and complications being rare. We describe a 6-year-old patient who initially presented 1 day after falling onto her abdomen at the playground with worsening abdominal pain and distention. An ultrasound of the abdomen demonstrated free abdominal fluid in all four quadrants. A subsequent contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan of the abdomen and pelvis was performed which showed a large splenic cyst with open communication to the peritoneal cavity. A congenital primary cyst was confirmed on pathology after partial splenectomy was performed...
June 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489215/negative-pressure-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-complex-wounds
#10
Renan Victor Kümpel Schmidt Lima, Pedro Soler Coltro, Jayme Adriano Farina
The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of negative pressure therapy (NPT) in the treatment of complex wounds, with emphasis on its mechanisms of action and main therapeutic indications. We searched the Pubmed / Medline database for articles published from 1997 to 2016, and selected the most relevant ones. The mechanisms of action of NPT involveboth physical effects, such as increased perfusion, control of edema and exudate, reduction of wound dimensions and bacterial clearance, and biological ones, such as the stimulation of granulation tissue formation, microdeformations and reduction of Inflammatory response...
January 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489172/laparoscopic-repair-of-lumbar-hernia-grynfelt-technical-description
#11
Christiano Marlo Paggi Claus, Lucas Thá Nassif, Yan Sacha Aguilera, EduardoJose Brommelstroet Ramos, Julio Cesar Uili Coelho
Background: Lumbar hernias are rare. Usually manifest with reducible volume increase in the post-lateral region of the abdomen and may occur in two specific anatomic defects: the triangles of Grynfelt (upper) and Petit (lower). Despite controversies with better repair, laparoscopic approach, following the same principle of the treatment of inguinal hernias, seems to present significant advantages compared to conventional/open surgeries. However, some technical and anatomical details of the region, non usual to general surgeons, are fundamental for proper repair...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471523/laparoscopic-surgery-for-elective-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#12
REVIEW
Lindsay Robertson, Sandip Nandhra
BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an abnormal dilatation of the infradiaphragmatic aorta that is equal to or greater than 30 mm or a local dilatation of equal to or greater than 50% compared to the expected normal diameter of the artery. AAAs rarely occur in individuals under 50 years of age, but thereafter the prevalence dramatically increases with age, with men at a six-fold greater risk of developing an AAA than women. Prevalence of AAA has been reported to range from 1...
May 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470774/incidental-findings-in-research-a-focus-group-study-about-the-perspective-of-the-research-participant
#13
Anna W de Boer, Yvonne M Drewes, Renée de Mutsert, Mattijs E Numans, Martin den Heijer, Olaf M Dekkers, Albert de Roos, Hildo J Lamb, Jeanet W Blom, Ria Reis
PURPOSE: To explore the experiences and preferences of population-based research participants to whom an incidental finding was communicated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of the 2580 participants of the Netherlands Epidemiology of Obesity (NEO) study who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning of the abdomen, heart, and/or brain, an incidental finding with presumed health importance was disclosed to 56 (2%) participants. These participants were invited to discuss their experiences regarding the communication of the finding by the NEO research team in a focus group discussion...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469339/hepatic-pseudolesion-due-to-vein-of-sappey-in-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#14
Shitalmala Devi, Thangjam Gautam Singh, Reema Ningthoukhongjam
One of the common causes of superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is malignancy of the lung. The invasion of SVC leads to opening of the various venous channels for continuation of the blood flow from upper extremity and proximal trunk and finally draining into right atrium. Vein of Sappey is one of these channels and it causes focal striking enhancement in segment IV of the liver on arterial phase of contrast computed tomography (CT). This enhancement causes diagnostic difficulty and unnecessary biopsy due to misinterpretation of it as a secondary from lung cancer...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461184/failed-minimally-invasive-staged-treatment-of-a-giant-symptomatic-aortic-perigraft-hygroma-after-open-aortic-repair
#15
Andrés Reyes Valdivia, Africa Duque Santos, Francisco Alvarez Marcos, Alvaro Osorio Ruiz, Julia Ocaña Guaita, Claudio Gandarias Zúñiga
BACKGROUND: Perigraft hygromas or seromas are an unusual finding and/or complication after open aortic repair. CASE REPORT: We present a case of an 82 year-old man with a previous urgent aortic bifurcated graft for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture. He received several treatments due to abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS), requiring a Bogota Bag and colostomy derivation. He was finally discharged home and lost on follow-up. Eight years after this procedure he presented to the urgency department with an abdominal mass and pain...
April 28, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456342/comparison-of-inflammatory-cytokines-in-peritoneal-fluid-at-source-control-surgery-for-abdominal-sepsis
#16
Michael S Bleszynski, Tiffany Chan, Andrzej K Buczkowski
BACKGROUND: Open abdomen with vacuum assisted closure (VAC) is an alternate method to primary abdominal closure (PAC) in select situations for the management of severe surgical abdominal sepsis or septic shock. Peritoneal cytokines may potentially correlate with deranged physiology and help stratify severity of sepsis. The primary objective of the study was to identify if cytokines can differentiate between patients who underwent PAC or VAC at primary source control laparotomy (SCL). METHODS: Prospective case series including patients with severe abdominal sepsis/septic shock requiring urgent SCL...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452887/multicenter-retrospective-study-of-non-compressible-torso-hemorrhage-anatomic-locations-of-bleeding-and-comparison-of-endovascular-versus-open-approach
#17
Ronald Chang, Erin E Fox, Thomas J Greene, Brian J Eastridge, Ramyar Gilani, Kevin K Chung, Stacia M DeSantis, Joseph J DuBose, Jeffrey S Tomasek, Gerald R Fortuna, Valerie G Sams, S Rob Todd, Jeanette M Podbielski, Charles E Wade, John B Holcomb
OBJECTIVE: Rational development of technology for rapid control of non-compressible torso hemorrhage (NCTH) requires detailed understanding of what is bleeding. Our objectives were to describe the anatomic location of truncal bleeding in patients presenting with NCTH and compare endovascular (ENDO) versus open (OPEN) management. METHODS: Retrospective study of adult trauma patients with NCTH admitted to 4 urban level 1 trauma centers in the Houston and San Antonio metropolitan areas in 2008-2012...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445796/decreasing-the-use-of-damage-control-laparotomy-in-trauma-a-quality-improvement-project
#18
John A Harvin, Lillian S Kao, Mike K Liang, Sasha D Adams, Michelle K McNutt, Joseph D Love, Laura J Moore, Charles E Wade, Bryan A Cotton, John B Holcomb
BACKGROUND: Our institution has published damage control laparotomy (DCL) rates of 30% and documented the substantial morbidity associated with the open abdomen. The purpose of this quality improvement (QI) project was to decrease the rate of DCL at a busy, Level I trauma center in the US. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort of all emergent trauma laparotomies from November 2013 to October 2015 (QI group) was followed. The QI intervention was multifaceted and included audit and feedback for every DCL case...
April 23, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445099/laparoscopic-spigelian-hernia-repair-intraperitoneal-onlay-mesh-plus-technique-video-presentation
#19
Dimitrios Zacharoulis, Eleni Sioka
BACKGROUND: Spigelian hernia represents a rare entity. Traditionally, it was repaired by the open technique. Various laparoscopic techniques have emerged periodically. Most laparoscopic repairs use the technique of placing an intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM). There is currently a tendency to close the hernia defect. METHODS: A 68-year-old man was admitted to our hospital complaining of vague abdominal pain and discomfort. Physical examination revealed a bulky palpable mass on the left side of the patient...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442849/operative-management-of-enteroatmospheric-fistula-in-bj%C3%A3-rck-4-open-abdomen-patients-by-the-help-of-laparoscopic-lateral-approach
#20
Fahri Yetişir, A Ebru Sarer
As the open abdomen (OA) management increases, the number of fistula formation has also been increasing during the last two decades. These fistulas in OA have been defined as enteroatmospheric fistula (EAF). EAF occurring in a frozen OA is classified as Björck 4 OA. Management of Björck 4 OA patient is not easy and mortality of these patients is very high in spite of the presence of modern treatment modalities. There are a few surgical approaches for treatment of Björck 4 OA patients. One of them is excising the hostile segment by lateral abdominal approach from the healthy side or entering from lateral border of OA wound after enough time intervals for subsiding of the edematous intestine in acute inflammatory reaction in the hostile environment...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
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