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Peroperative medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461175/endoscopic-versus-microscopic-stapes-surgery
#1
Ozgur Surmelioglu, Suleyman Ozdemir, Ozgur Tarkan, Ulku Tuncer, Muhammed Dagkiran, Fikret Cetik
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study to compare the outcomes and complications of endoscopic stapes surgery versus microscopic stapes surgery. METHODS: This study involved patients who underwent stapedotomy at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Cukurova University between January 2012 and July 2014. The patients were divided into two groups. Patients in group I were operated with endoscope and patients in group II were operated with microscope...
July 22, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26032071/-effect-of-artenisiae-scopariae-and-poriae-powder-on-calpain-2-expression-in-liver-tissue-from-rats-with-obstructive-jaundice
#2
Yubao Cui
OBJECTIVE: To explore the eff ect of artenisiae scopariae and poriae powder (ASPD) on calpain-2 expression in liver tissue from rats with obstructive jaundice. METHODS: The rat model of obstructive jaundice was established. SD rats was divided into the control group, the obstructive jaundice group, the obstructive jaundice model plus ASPD group, the obstructive jaundice model plus saline group. Th e serum levels of TBIL, ALT, AST and other biochemical indexes were detected...
May 2015: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26012547/knee-arthroscopies-who-gets-them-what-does-the-radiologist-report-and-what-does-the-surgeon-find-an-evaluation-from-southern-sweden
#3
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Dan Bergkvist, Leif E Dahlberg, Paul Neuman, Martin Englund
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Several randomized controlled trials have not shown any added benefit of arthroscopy over placebo surgery or physiotherapy in middle-aged patients with knee symptoms without trauma. We studied the characteristics of the knee arthroscopies performed in southern Sweden. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From the orthopedic surgical records from 2007-2009 in the Skåne region of Sweden (with a population of 1.2 million), we retrieved ICD-10 diagnostic codes and selected all 4,096 arthroscopies that were diagnosed peroperatively with code M23...
February 2016: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25882023/-malignant-tumors-of-thyroid-gland
#4
B Uhliarová, G Bugová, A Hajtman
AIM: The incidence of thyroid cancer has been increasing. The aim of this work was to determine risk factors, diagnostic methods and extent of surgical treatment of malignant goiter. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed patients who were surgically treated for thyroid disease at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Comenius University, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Teaching Hospital in Martin, Slovakia, from the January 1st, 2006 to December 31st, 2013, for thyroid disease...
2015: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25815699/risk-factors-for-peritoneal-dissemination-of-gastric-cancer
#5
E Yeldan, S Oguz, U Usta, E Ilhan, A Senlikci
AIM: Tumor dissemination, lymphnode involvement and surgical resection technique are the most important factors affecting patient prognosis with gastric cancer. Peritoneal dissemination adversely affects the survival rate in patients. Microscopic peritoneal dissemination can be detected with peritoneal lavage cytological examination. Peroperatively detected microscopic peritoneal dissemination changes the treatment plan for patients and can be useful when selecting patients who should undergo adjuvant chemotherapy...
April 2015: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25428755/doubtful-effect-of-continuous-intraarticular-analgesia-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-double-blind-study-of-200-patients
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Abdulemir Ali, Martin Sundberg, Ulrik Hansson, Johan Malmvik, Gunnar Flivik
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Local infiltration analgesia (LIA) is well established for effective postoperative pain relief in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). To prolong the effect of LIA, infusion pumps with local intraarticular analgesia can be used. We evaluated the effect of such an infusion pump for the first 48 h postoperatively regarding pain, knee function, length of stay (LOS) in hospital, and complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 200 patients received peroperative LIA and a continuous intraarticular elastomeric infusion pump set at 2 mL/h...
June 2015: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25097067/prophylactic-use-of-levofloxacin-during-medicinal-leech-therapy
#7
Tiene Bauters, Franky Buyle, Stijn Blot, Hugo Robays, Dirk Vogelaers, Koen Van Landuyt, Wim Vanhove, Geert Claeys
BACKGROUND: Medicinal leech therapy is effective in establishing venous outflow in congested flaps and replants. However, its use is also associated with infections, especially from Aeromonas species. To prevent this nosocomial infection, levofloxacin has been established as prophylaxis during leech therapy in our hospital. OBJECTIVES: To study the implementation rate of a guideline, to study the effect of levofloxacin on possible Aeromonas infections, and to evaluate the financial impact of this preventive measure...
October 2014: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24635370/-comparison-of-hysterectomy-techniques-in-a-group-of-patient-operated-for-the-diagnosis-female-to-male-transsexualism
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
P Filová, M Halaška, B Sehnal, M Otčenášek
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of duration of surgery, blood loss, complications, lenght of post-operative hospitalisation and post-operative morbidity in a group of patient operated for the diagnosis FtM transsexualism. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. MATERIAL: In our set of patients were 163 FtM transsexuals with caryotype 46 XX and normal gynecological finding (81 virgins). They were operated on from 1998-2012 at Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology The First Faculty of Medicine Charles University in Prague and Hospital Na Bulovce after at least of 12 months of hormonal preparation...
January 2014: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24437994/-anatomical-results-of-cryosurgical-procedures-in-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-our-experience
#9
O Chrapek, M Sín, B Jirková, J Jarkovský, J Rehák
AIM: To evaluate retrospectively anatomical results of cryosurgical treatment of non-complicated idiopathic rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. To assess the successfulness of primary cryosurgical surgeries, permanent retinal re-attachment; to review the efficacy of cryosurgical procedures according to chosen surgical technique and patients age as well. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the evaluated group were included 120 eyes of 120 patients operated on in the years 2003- 2012 at the Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty Hospital and School of Medicine, Palacký University, Olomouc, Czech Republic, E...
October 2013: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24191159/lymph-node-assessment-in-endometrial-cancer-towards-personalized-medicine
#10
REVIEW
Fabien Vidal, Arash Rafii
Endometrial cancer (EC) is the most common malignancy of the female reproductive tract and is increasing in incidence. Lymphovascular invasion and lymph node (LN) status are strong predictive factors of recurrence. Therefore, the determination of the nodal status of patients is mandatory to optimally tailor adjuvant therapies and reduce local and distant recurrences. Imaging modalities do not yet allow accurate lymph node staging; thus pelvic and aortic lymphadenectomies remain standard staging procedures. The clinical data accumulated recently allow us to define low- and high-risk patients based on pre- or peroperative findings that will allow the clinician to stratify the patients for their need of lymphadenectomies...
2013: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23699193/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-interventional-bronchoscopic-techniques-in-the-management-of-benign-airway-stenosis
#11
Nan Li, Guangfa Wang, Ying Zhou, Wei Zhang, Hong Zhang
SESSION TYPE: Bronchoscopy and Interventional Procedures PostersPRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 24, 2012 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMPURPOSE: Interventional bronchoscopy is one of the modalities for treatment of benign airway stenosis. Our work is to analyze the efficacy and safety of multiple bronchoscopic techniques basing on balloon dilation combined with cryotherapy treating benign proximal airway stenosis.METHODS: Patients with benign tracheobronchial stenosis were included and analyzed retrospectively. Two experienced interventional experts compared the degree of airway stenosis before and after bronchoscopic therapy...
October 1, 2012: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23607387/-objective-assessment-of-the-tissue-trauma-in-surgery-of-endometrial-cancer
#12
REVIEW
M Kudela, R Pilka, R Marek
OBJECTIVE: To review the current possibilities of objective assessment of tissue trauma in surgical treatment of endometrial cancer. TYPE OF STUDY: Review article. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University in Olomouc. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After critical evaluation of relevant contemporary literature, selected methods of the objective estimation of the extent of tissue trauma are presented...
January 2013: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23301681/-the-value-of-intraoperative-ultrasonography-in-parathyroid-surgery
#13
M Linhartová, L Mitáš, K Starý, H Munteanu
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasound of the neck is a sovereign complementary imaging method suitable for determining morphological changes in thyroidology which uses the so-called B-mode two-dimensional images for the neck area that are complemented by duplex Doppler imaging. Diagnostic verification is performed by sonographists from among radiologists and endocrinologists providing regular outpatient care; the surgeon uses ultrasound for navigation to attain the focus to be operated on. Sonography will provide information on the structure of the thyroid, of the parathyroids, their relationship to the surrounding organs (location, size, relationship to breathing and swallowing pathways)...
November 2012: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21246789/-fertility-preserving-treatment-of-gynecological-malignant-tumors
#14
REVIEW
L Minár
OBJECTIVE: Factsheet on conservative treatment of gynecological malignant tumors allowing preservation of reproductive function. DESIGN: Literature review with case reports. SETTING: Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk's University and Faculty Hospital, Brno. METHODS: Literature review of conservative treatment of gynecological malignant tumors allowing preservation of reproductive function with illustrative case reports...
December 2009: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21049628/-analysis-of-the-effects-of-different-medicines-on-hypercoagulability-state-variations-of-femoral-shaft-fracture-and-after-its-operation
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Zheng-Jie Wu, Cai-Li Zhang, Yan-Hui Zeng, Yong-Zhan Zhu, Yan Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of Tong Mai Tang & Lornoxicam on the serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin (IL-6) , D-dipolymer( D-Di), Platelet count (PLC) in treatment of femoral shaft fracture among period surgery time. METHODS: We selected 120 cases of traumatic femoral shaft fracture patients according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria, which were randomized dividend into four groups (I, II, III, IV respectively) of the same size based on the random number table method of 30 patients each...
June 2010: Zhong Yao Cai, Zhongyaocai, Journal of Chinese Medicinal Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19854694/-imaging-in-oncology-and-international-rules-for-evaluation-the-nuclear-medicine
#16
REVIEW
Jean-Cyril Bourre, Jean-Philippe Vuillez
The growing success of isotopic explorations in oncology is related to the number of growing radiotracers and progress in the methods for detection and imaging. Today, the nuclear medicine is able to answer important questions raised by biology and therapeutic progress results from this. The new radiopharmaceutical compounds are able to explore in vivo the metabolism, the proliferation, the hypoxia and the expression of some receptors or antigens in tumor cells. This progress in radiopharmaceuticals design can be combined with the new tools for detection, such as the cameras coupled to a tomodensitometer (TEMP-TDM and TEP-TDM), the new gamma cameras with semiconductors, and the peroperative gamma probes...
November 2009: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19408827/thyroid-diseases-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
V Calkovsky, A Hajtman
BACKGROUND: Thyroid nodules are relatively rare in children and adolescents and have a prevalence between 0.2%-1.8%. They are more often malignant in children than in adults and thus an early diagnosis is extremely important. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the group of pediatric patients with nodular thyroid diseases. METHODS: The authors processed the documentation of 66 pediatric patients with nodular thyroid disease who have been surgically treated at the Clinic of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, JFM CU and MFH in Martin during 2003-2007...
2009: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19139778/dexmedetomidine-as-a-substitute-for-remifentanil-in-ambulatory-gynecologic-laparoscopic-surgery
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Nevriye Salman, Sennur Uzun, Fehmi Coskun, Mehmet A Salman, Akgun E Salman, Ulku Aypar
OBJECTIVE: To compare dexmedetomidine with remifentanil in desflurane based ambulatory gynecologic laparoscopic surgery, in respect to its effects on orientation, discharge time, nausea-vomiting, and postoperative analgesic need. METHODS: Sixty 20-40 year old ASA I-II patients undergoing gynecologic laparoscopic surgery were randomized into 2 groups. This study was performed in the operating theaters of the Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe, Turkey in 2004 as a prospective, randomized, and double blinded study...
January 2009: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17323097/colour-doppler-ultrasonography-and-sclerosing-therapy-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-tendinopathy-in-horses-a-research-model-for-human-medicine
#19
Morten Ilum Boesen, Simone Nanni, Henning Langberg, Mikael Boesen, Jorgen Falk-Ronne, Henning Bliddal, Soren Torp-Pedersen
Sclerosing therapy has in recent studies showed promising results in patients with clinically and ultrasonographically diagnosed tendinosis in Achilles and patellar tendons. The aim of this investigation was to study the presence of intratendinous colour Doppler (CD) flow in horses with clinically diagnosed chronic tendinopathy and to test if experience from human studies could be extrapolated to horses. Special interest was focused on the treatment with sclerosing therapy and whether we could obtain the same successful peroperative findings as in humans...
July 2007: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16956047/-see-and-treat-hysteroscopy-limits-of-intrauterine-pathology-bulk
#20
D Kuzel, D Tóth, L Hrazdírová, M Mára, Z Fucíková
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate bulk limits of intrauterine pathology for "see and treat" hysteroscopy. TYPE OF STUDY: A retrospective observational study. SETTING: Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University Prague and General Teaching Hospital Prague. METHODS: 200 mg of Indomethacin was administered to the patients by rectum 2 hours before procedure. "See and treat" procedures were performed with "Versascope" in awake patients without any peroperatively admistered analgesia or anaesthesia...
July 2006: Ceská Gynekologie
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