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Psychological tests antisocial personality disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27171488/individual-and-network-correlates-of-antisocial-personality-disorder-among-rural-nonmedical-prescription-opioid-users
#1
Rachel V Smith, April M Young, Ursula L Mullins, Jennifer R Havens
PURPOSE: Examination of the association of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) with substance use and HIV risk behaviors within the social networks of rural people who use drugs. METHODS: Interviewer-administered questionnaires were used to assess substance use, HIV risk behavior, and social network characteristics of drug users (n = 503) living in rural Appalachia. The MINI International Psychiatric Interview was used to determine whether participants met DSM-IV criteria for ASPD and Axis-I psychological comorbidities (eg, major depressive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder)...
May 12, 2016: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26039231/further-evidence-of-self-medication-personality-factors-influencing-drug-choice-in-substance-use-disorders
#2
Lindsey Colman McKernan, Michael R Nash, William H Gottdiener, Scott E Anderson, Warren E Lambert, Erika R Carr
According to Khantzian's (2003) self-medication hypothesis (SMH), substance dependence is a compensatory means to modulate affects and self-soothe in response to distressing psychological states. Khantzian asserts: (1) Drugs become addicting because they have the power to alleviate, remove, or change human psychological suffering, and (2) There is a considerable degree of specificity in a person's choice of drugs because of unique psychological and physiological effects. The SMH has received criticism for its variable empirical support, particularly in terms of the drug-specificity aspect of Khantzian's hypothesis...
June 2015: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26003778/externalizing-spectrum-or-spectra-underlying-dimensions-of-the-externalizing-spectrum
#3
Ratnarakshit Ingole, Abhishek Ghosh, Savita Malhotra, Debasish Basu
BACKGROUND: Major psychiatric disorders have been conceptualized to comprise of two dimensions namely, the internalizing and externalizing spectrum. Externalizing spectrum disorders consist of childhood disruptive behaviour disorders (DBD), antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and substance use disorders. They are supposed to share common underlying personality traits. However, there is a need to explore the underlying dimensionality of externalizing spectrum of both disorders and traits in a mixed clinical and nonclinical sample from a non-western cultural-ethnic backdrop...
June 2015: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25433845/neuroeconomics-of-psychopathy-risk-taking-in-probability-discounting-of-gain-and-loss-predicts-psychopathy
#4
Taiki Takahashi, Haruto Takagishi, Hirofumi Nishinaka, Takaki Makino, Hiroki Fukui
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the relationships between psychopathy and impulsive and risky decision making, by utilizing intertemporal and probabilistic choices for both gain and loss, in addition to the Iowa gambling task. METHODS: The Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised - a 154-item measure that assesses psychopathic traits by self-report - was used with a 4-point response scale to assess 113 undergraduate students from three Japanese universities...
2014: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25041743/gender-interactions-in-the-recognition-of-emotions-and-conduct-symptoms-in-adolescents
#5
József Halász, Nikoletta Aspán, Csilla Bozsik, Júlia Gádoros, Judit Inántsy-Pap
BACKGROUND: According to literature data, impairment in the recognition of emotions might be related to antisocial developmental pathway. In the present study, the relationship between gender-specific interaction of emotion recognition and conduct symptoms were studied in non-clinical adolescents. METHODS: After informed consent, 29 boys and 24 girls (13-16 years, 14 ± 0.1 years) participated in the study. The parent version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was used to assess behavioral problems...
2014: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24856567/a-genetically-informed-test-of-cholesterol-levels-and-self-control-depressive-symptoms-antisocial-behavior-and-neuroticism
#6
Joseph A Schwartz, Meghan W Rowland, Kevin M Beaver
BACKGROUND: Low cholesterol levels have been found to be associated with a wide range of behavioral problems, including violent and criminal behavior, and a wide range of psychological problems including impulsivity, depression, and other internalizing problems. The casual mechanisms underlying these associations remain largely unknown, but genetic factors may play a role in the etiology of such associations as previous research has found significant genetic influence on cholesterol levels and various deleterious behavioral and psychological outcomes...
August 2014: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24726789/beyond-physiological-hypoarousal-the-role-of-life-stress-and-callous-unemotional-traits-in-incarcerated-adolescent-males
#7
Andrew J Gostisha, Michael J Vitacco, Andrew R Dismukes, Chelsea Brieman, Jenna Merz, Elizabeth A Shirtcliff
The development of antisocial behavior in youth has been examined with neurobiological theories that suggest that adolescents who are less responsive to their environments are less likely to develop empathy in the absence of extant physiological arousal. However, little attention is paid to these individuals' social context. Individuals with adverse early experiences can also exhibit attenuated physiological arousal. The current investigation examines whether psychopathic symptoms or life stress exposure is associated with cortisol and its diurnal rhythm within 50 incarcerated adolescent boys (14-18years old)...
May 2014: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24571815/-female-conduct-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Timo D Vloet, Nicola Großheinrich, Kerstin Konrad, Christine Freitag, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann
The last few years have seen much research on girls with conduct disorder (CD). This article summarizes the gender-specific data regarding prevalence, differences with respect to symptomatology (e.g., subtypes of aggression, callous-unemotional (cu)-traits), and it presents data on the autonomic and neuroendocrine stress system as well as genetic, neurocognitive, and neuroimaging data. Differences in the impact of environmental factors on boys and girls for the development of CD are discussed. Taken together, the data indicate that there is great overlap in symptomatology, personality traits, and neurobiological aberrations in girls and boys with CD...
March 2014: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24510765/neural-correlates-of-substance-abuse-reduced-functional-connectivity-between-areas-underlying-reward-and-cognitive-control
#9
Julian C Motzkin, Arielle Baskin-Sommers, Joseph P Newman, Kent A Kiehl, Michael Koenigs
Substance use disorders (SUD) have been associated with dysfunction in reward processing, habit formation, and cognitive-behavioral control. Accordingly, neurocircuitry models of addiction highlight roles for nucleus accumbens, dorsal striatum, and prefrontal/anterior cingulate cortex. However, the precise nature of the disrupted interactions between these brain regions in SUD, and the psychological correlates thereof, remain unclear. Here we used magnetic resonance imaging to measure rest-state functional connectivity of three key striatal nuclei (nucleus accumbens, dorsal caudate, and dorsal putamen) in a sample of 40 adult male prison inmates (n = 22 diagnosed with SUD; n = 18 without SUD)...
September 2014: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24343943/a-biofeedback-intervention-to-control-impulsiveness-in-a-severely-personality-disordered-forensic-patient
#10
Rick Howard, Klaus Schellhorn, John Lumsden
Impulsiveness in personality disordered forensic patients is associated with poor treatment completion and high risk of re-offending. A biofeedback training protocol, previously found to reduce impulsiveness and improve attention in children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, was used in an initial attempt to reduce impulsiveness in a severely personality disordered man with borderline, antisocial and histrionic features. Electrocortical, behavioural and self-report measures of impulsiveness were taken before and immediately following 6 weeks of biofeedback training and at 3 months follow-up...
May 2013: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24314825/the-joint-structure-of-normal-and-pathological-personality-further-evidence-for-a-dimensional-model
#11
Michael P Hengartner, Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Stephanie Rodgers, Mario Müller, Wulf Rössler
OBJECTIVE: The literature proposes a joint structure of normal and pathological personality with higher-order factors mainly based on the five-factor model of personality (FFM). The purpose of the present study was to examine the joint structure of the FFM and the DSM-IV personality disorders (PDs) and to discuss this structure with regard to higher-order domains commonly reported in the literature. METHODS: We applied a canonical correlation analysis, a series of principal component analyses with oblique Promax rotation and a bi-factor analysis with Geomin rotation on 511 subjects of the general population of Zurich, Switzerland, using data from the ZInEP Epidemiology Survey...
April 2014: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24302873/conduct-symptoms-and-emotion-recognition-in-adolescent-boys-with-externalization-problems
#12
Nikoletta Aspan, Peter Vida, Julia Gadoros, Jozsef Halasz
BACKGROUND: In adults with antisocial personality disorder, marked alterations in the recognition of facial affect were described. Less consistent data are available on the emotion recognition in adolescents with externalization problems. The aim of the present study was to assess the relation between the recognition of emotions and conduct symptoms in adolescent boys with externalization problems. METHODS: Adolescent boys with externalization problems referred to Vadaskert Child Psychiatry Hospital participated in the study after informed consent (N = 114, 11-17 years, mean = 13...
2013: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24230939/protective-factors-for-adolescent-violence-against-authority
#13
Izaskun Ibabe, Joana Jaureguizar, Peter M Bentler
Both the family and school environments influence adolescents' violence, but there is little research focusing simultaneously on the two contexts. This study analyzed the role of positive family and classroom environments as protective factors for adolescents' violence against authority (parent abuse and teacher abuse) and the relations between antisocial behavior and child-to-parent violence or student-to-teacher violence. The sample comprised 687 Spanish students aged 12-16 years, who responded to the Family Environment Scale (FES) and the Classroom Environment Scale (CES)...
2013: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24123190/minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form-mmpi-2-rf-scale-score-differences-in-bariatric-surgery-candidates-diagnosed-with-binge-eating-disorder-versus-bmi-matched-controls
#14
Ryan J Marek, Yossef S Ben-Porath, Kathleen Ashton, Leslie J Heinberg
OBJECTIVE: Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is among the most common psychiatric disorders in bariatric surgery candidates. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) is a broadband, psychological test that includes measures of emotional and behavioral dysfunction, which have been associated with BED behaviors in bariatric surgery candidates; however these studies have lacked appropriate controls. In the current study, we compared MMPI-2-RF scale scores of bariatric surgery patients diagnosed with BED (BED+) with BMI-matched controls without BED (BED-)...
April 2014: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24103889/corticotropin-acth-reactive-immunoglobulins-in-adolescents-in-relation-to-antisocial-behavior-and-stress-induced-cortisol-response-the-trails-study
#15
Johanna M Schaefer, Serguei O Fetissov, Romain Legrand, Sophie Claeyssens, Pieter J Hoekstra, Frank C Verhulst, Floor V A Van Oort
Elevated levels of corticotropin (ACTH)-reactive immunoglobulins (ACTH IgG) were found in males with conduct disorder, suggesting their involvement in the biology of antisocial behavior. We first aimed to confirm these findings in a large general population sample of adolescents. Secondly, we studied the association between ACTH IgG levels and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis response to stress. Free and total ACTH IgG levels were measured in sera of 1230 adolescents (15-18 years). HPA axis activity was determined by measuring salivary cortisol before, during, and after a social stress test...
December 2013: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24072757/predicting-future-violence-among-individuals-with-psychopathy
#16
Jeremy W Coid, Simone Ullrich, Constantinos Kallis
Structured risk assessment aims to help clinicians classify offenders according to likelihood of future violent and criminal behaviour. We investigated how confident clinicians can be using three commonly used instruments (HCR-20, VRAG, OGRS-II) in individuals with different diagnoses. Moderate to good predictive accuracy for future violence was achieved for released prisoners with no mental disorder, low to moderate for clinical syndromes and personality disorder, but accuracy was no better than chance for individuals with psychopathy...
November 2013: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24016017/feature-based-attention-and-conflict-monitoring-in-criminal-offenders-interactive-relations-of-psychopathy-with-anxiety-and-externalizing
#17
Joshua D Zeier, Joseph P Newman
As predicted by the response modulation model, psychopathic offenders are insensitive to potentially important inhibitory information when it is peripheral to their primary focus of attention. To date, the clearest tests of this hypothesis have manipulated spatial attention to cue the location of goal-relevant versus inhibitory information. However, the theory predicts a more general abnormality in selective attention. In the current study, male prisoners performed a conflict-monitoring task, which included a feature-based manipulation (i...
August 2013: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23884621/callous-unemotional-traits-and-antisocial-behavior-among-adolescents-the-role-of-self-serving-cognitions
#18
Nikki van Leeuwen, Rachel F Rodgers, John C Gibbs, Henri Chabrol
Self-serving cognitions and callous-unemotional traits play important roles in adolescent antisocial behavior. The objective of this study was to cross-sectionally explore the mediating role of self-serving cognitions in the relationship between callous-unemotional traits and antisocial behavior. A sample of 972 high-school students completed self-report questionnaires assessing callous-unemotional traits, self-serving cognitive distortions and antisocial behavior. Two competing models exploring indirect effects accounting for the relationships between self-serving cognitive distortions, callous-unemotional traits and antisocial behaviors were tested...
February 2014: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23884433/effect-of-bdnf-val66met-and-serotonin-transporter-5-httlpr-polymorphisms-on-psychopathological-characteristics-in-a-sample-of-university-students
#19
Niki Kourmouli, Maria Samakouri, Athina Mamatsiou, Gregory Trypsianis, Miltos Livaditis, Stavroula Veletza
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to evaluate the impact of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism on several psychological characteristics in a group of Greek University students and to explore putative interactions with the serotonin-transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) and serious past adverse experiences. METHODS: A total of 224 students were genotyped and classified as (a) carriers or noncarriers of the Met allele of the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism and (b) carriers or noncarriers of the S or Lg alleles (S') of the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism...
October 2013: Psychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23880509/the-relationship-between-conduct-symptoms-and-the-recognition-of-emotions-in-non-clinical-adolescents
#20
József Halász, Nikoletta Áspán, Csilla Bozsik, Júlia Gádoros, Judit Inántsy-Pap
BACKGROUND: In adult individuals with antisocial personality disorder, impairment in the recognition of fear seems established. In adolescents with conduct disorder (antecedent of antisocial personality disorder), only sporadic data were assessed, but literature data indicate alterations in the recognition of emotions. The aim of the present study was to assess the relationship between emotion recognition and conduct symptoms in non-clinical adolescents. METHODS: 53 adolescents participated in the study (13-16 years, boys, n=29, age 14...
2013: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
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