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Cloninger, personality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578314/aspiring-personality-patients-waiting-for-obesity-treatment
#1
Danilo Garcia, Henrik Forssell, Kevin M Cloninger
The aim of the present study was to investigate differences in temperament and character between patients (N = 70) waiting for obesity surgery and the general population. Patients waiting for obesity surgery scored higher in Harm-Avoidance, Reward Dependence, Persistence, and Cooperativeness and also lower in Self-Directedness.
March 26, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546859/the-risk-model-of-developing-schizophrenia-based-on-temperament-and-character
#2
Mirjana Miskovic, Dragan Ravanic, Dragic Bankovic, Nera Zivlak-Radulovic, Visnja Banjac, Tatjana Dragisic
INTRODUCTION: Cloninger's psychological model of temperament and character confirms that the personality development is influenced by biological and psychological processes. The aim of this study is to examine personality dimensions and to determine which variable separates the healthy from the ill in the best way and could be a possible psychological marker for the presence of the illness. METHODS: This research included 152 subjects, 76 patients with schizophrenia and 76 healthy controls, selected on the basis of medical interviews, random population sampling model from a wider social community using the independent T-Tests...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546858/cloninger-s-temperament-and-character-dimensions-and-dopaminergic-genes-dat1-vntr-and-comt-val158met-polymorphisms
#3
Ivana Glavina Jelaš, Ivan Dević, Dalibor Karlović
BACKGROUND: the objective of this study was to examine the associations between Cloninger temperament and character dimensions with the DAT1 VNTR and COMT Val158Met polymorphisms. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 101 subjects, consisting of students of the Police College in Zagreb and staff of the Sestre Milosrdnice University Hospital in Zagreb. The Cloninger Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was used to test personality traits. RESULTS: A main effect of the DAT1 VNTR polymorphism was found on the subscale self-directedness - SD2 (F=5...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483348/what-is-the-natural-measurement-unit-of-temperament-single-traits-or-profiles
#4
REVIEW
C Robert Cloninger, Igor Zwir
There is fundamental doubt about whether the natural unit of measurement for temperament and personality corresponds to single traits or to multi-trait profiles that describe the functioning of a whole person. Biogenetic researchers of temperament usually assume they need to focus on individual traits that differ between individuals. Recent research indicates that a shift of emphasis to understand processes within the individual is crucial for identifying the natural building blocks of temperament. Evolution and development operate on adaptation of whole organisms or persons, not on individual traits or categories...
April 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482517/deepsurv-personalized-treatment-recommender-system-using-a-cox-proportional-hazards-deep-neural-network
#5
Jared L Katzman, Uri Shaham, Alexander Cloninger, Jonathan Bates, Tingting Jiang, Yuval Kluger
BACKGROUND: Medical practitioners use survival models to explore and understand the relationships between patients' covariates (e.g. clinical and genetic features) and the effectiveness of various treatment options. Standard survival models like the linear Cox proportional hazards model require extensive feature engineering or prior medical knowledge to model treatment interaction at an individual level. While nonlinear survival methods, such as neural networks and survival forests, can inherently model these high-level interaction terms, they have yet to be shown as effective treatment recommender systems...
February 26, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469244/longitudinal-associations-of-explosive-and-adventurous-temperament-profiles-with-character-development-the-modifying-effects-of-social-support-and-attachment
#6
Aino I L Saarinen, Tom H Rosenström, Christian A Hakulinen, Claude Robert Cloninger, Mirka H M Hintsanen, Laura M Pulkki-Råback, Terho Lehtimäki, Olli T Raitakari, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine (a) whether adventurous and explosive temperament profiles (presumed precursors of antisocial and borderline personality) are associated with character traits over a 15-year follow-up and (b) whether social support and attachment security modify the relationship between temperament profiles and character development. METHODS: 2,028 subjects of the Young Finns study completed the Temperament and Character Inventory, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, and the Relationship Questionnaire at 3 assessment points between 1997 and 2012...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358028/personality-and-parkinson-s-disease-a-meta-analysis
#7
Gabriella Santangelo, Federica Garramone, Chiara Baiano, Alfonsina D'Iorio, Fausta Piscopo, Simona Raimo, Carmine Vitale
INTRODUCTION: Personality changes are considered pre-motor features of Parkinson's disease (PD). Cross-sectional studies revealed that PD patients were more introvert, apprehensive, and cautious than healthy subjects (HS), whereas other studies failed to disclose these behavioural traits. Some studies found mixed results concerning Novelty Seeking (NS) and Harm Avoidance (HA) profiles in PD patients. To better clarify the personality profile in PD we performed a meta-analysis on studies exploring such topic according to both Cloninger's Psychobiological Model (PM) and Big Five Model (BFM) METHODS: The meta-analysis included 17 studies evaluating the personality in PD patients compared with HS...
April 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304427/longitudinal-associations-of-temperament-and-character-with-paranoid-ideation-a-population-based-study
#8
Aino Saarinen, Tom Rosenström, Mirka Hintsanen, Christian Hakulinen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Terho Lehtimäki, Olli T Raitakari, Claude Robert Cloninger, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen
The aim of this study was to examine (a) the associations of temperament and character dimensions with paranoid ideation over a 15-year follow-up in the general population (b) the associations of explosive temperament and organized character profiles with paranoid ideation. 2137 subjects of the Young Finns Study completed the Temperament and Character Inventory and the Paranoid Ideation Scale of the Symptom Checklist-90 Revised in 1997, 2001, and 2012. Temperament dimensions of high novelty seeking, high harm avoidance, low reward dependence and explosive temperament profile were associated with the development of higher paranoid ideation...
March 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297984/well-being-and-moral-identity
#9
Danilo Garcia, Saleh Moradi, Clara Amato, Alexandre Granjard, Kevin Cloninger
The good life is the result of flourishing and resilience, but also of being a morally good person. We found that moral identity was associated with engagement, meaning, the identification and acceptance of others (i.e., cooperativeness), and the sense of being part of something bigger than the self (i.e., self-transcendence).
March 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100975/personality-measures-after-gamma-ventral-capsulotomy-in-intractable-ocd
#10
Raquel R Paiva, Marcelo C Batistuzzo, Nicole C McLaughlin, Miguel M Canteras, Maria E de Mathis, Guaraci Requena, Roseli G Shavitt, Benjamin D Greenberg, Georg Norén, Steven A Rasmussen, Hermano Tavares, Eurípedes C Miguel, Antonio C Lopes, Marcelo Q Hoexter
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgeries such as gamma ventral capsulotomy (GVC) are an option for otherwise intractable obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients. In general, clinical and neuropsychological status both improve after GVC. However, its consequences on personality traits are not well-studied. The objective of this study was to investigate personality changes after one year of GVC in intractable OCD patients. METHODS: The personality assessment was conducted using the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) and Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) in 14 intractable OCD patients before and one year after GVC...
November 1, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062365/comparing-the-profile-of-temperament-and-character-dimensions-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-mood-disorder-with-a-control-group
#11
Shahram Hajirezaei, Abolfazl Mohammadi, Mehdi Soleimani, Fatemeh Rahiminezhad, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, C Robert Cloninger
Objective: This study was conducted to compare the profile of temperament and character dimensions in patients with major depressive disorder and bipolar mood disorder with a control group. Method: In this causal-comparative study, the population consisted of 2 clinical groups (major depressive disorder and bipolar mood disorder) and a non-clinical group. The sample was 193 individuals (77 patients with major depressive disorder, 86 patients with bipolar mood disorder, and 30 controls), with an age range of 18 to 65 years and the mean age of 40...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977097/temperament-and-character-traits-in-major-depressive-disorder-a-case-control-study
#12
Barbara Schwair Nogueira, Renerio Fraguas, Isabela Martins Benseñor, Paulo Andrade Lotufo, Andre Russowsky Brunoni
BACKGROUND: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) have distinct personality traits, compared with control subjects, although the role of anxiety and positive and negative affects in this finding is unclear. DESIGN AND SETTING: A case-control study enrolling 103 antidepressant-free depressed patients and 103 age and gender-matched controls was conducted at the University Hospital, University of São Paulo. METHODS: The self-reported scales of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) were applied...
September 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951816/the-dark-cube-dark-character-profiles-and-ocean
#13
Danilo Garcia, Fernando R González Moraga
BACKGROUND: The Big Five traits (i.e., openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism: OCEAN) have been suggested to provide a meaningful taxonomy for studying the Dark Triad: Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy. Nevertheless, current research consists of mixed and inconsistent associations between the Dark Triad and OCEAN. Here we used the Dark Cube (Garcia & Rosenberg, 2016), a model of malevolent character theoretically based on Cloninger's biopsychosocial model of personality and in the assumption of a ternary structure of malevolent character...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902418/cloninger-s-temperament-and-character-dimensions-of-personality-and-binge-drinking-among-college-students
#14
Fabien Gierski, Farid Benzerouk, Elodie De Wever, Theodora Duka, Arthur Kaladjian, Véronique Quaglino, Mickaël Naassila
BACKGROUND: Temperament and character dimensions of personality remain largely unexplored in young adults exhibiting binge drinking (BD) patterns. Moreover, the available studies do not consider gender differences and dismiss possible personality heterogeneity among binge drinkers. In this study, we aimed to compare temperament and character dimensions between young binge drinkers and age- and sex-matched social drinkers. We further applied cluster analysis to investigate the potential heterogeneity of personality patterns among BD college students...
November 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686561/-the-concept-of-temperament-and-its-contribution-to-the-understanding-of-the-bipolar-spectrum
#15
I Koufaki, V Polizoidou, K N Fountoulakis
The present article attempts first to provide a historical overview of the concept of temperament,The present article attempts first to provide a historical overview of the concept of temperament,since its foundation by Polybos (4th century B.C.) and the school of Cos, its predominant role in theshaping of the anthropological and humanitarian sciences, until the modern theoretical formulations,such as those proposed by Robert Cloninger and Hagop Akiskal. Secondly, recent literature ispresented, which suggests a strong link of different temperament structures to mental health andpsychopathology...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665765/the-association-between-comt-rs4680-and-5-httlpr-genotypes-and-concussion-history-in-south-african-rugby-union-players
#16
Sarah Mc Fie, Shameemah Abrahams, Jon Patricios, Jason Suter, Michael Posthumus, Alison V September
The objective was to investigate the relationship between Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) rs4680 and serotonin-transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) genotypes with concussion history and personality traits. Rugby players ("all levels": n = 303), from high schools ("junior", n = 137), senior amateur, and professional teams ("senior", n = 166), completed a self-reported concussion history questionnaire, Cloninger's Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire, and donated a DNA sample...
April 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664143/the-effects-of-personality-traits-on-academic-burnout-in-korean-medical-students
#17
Soo Jin Lee, Young Jun Choi, Han Chae
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that personality traits play an important role in academic burnout. The aim of this study was to investigate how Cloninger's temperament and character traits explain academic burnout in a highly competitive environment of medical school. METHODS: A total of 184 Korean medical students participated in the survey. The Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory was measured around the beginning of the semester and Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey at the end of the semester...
June 2017: Integrative Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643887/personality-dopamine-and-parkinson-s-disease-insights-from-subthalamic-stimulation
#18
Eugénie Lhommée, François Boyer, Maxime Wack, Pierre Pélissier, Hélène Klinger, Emmanuelle Schmitt, Amélie Bichon, Valérie Fraix, Stéphan Chabardès, Patrick Mertens, Anna Castrioto, Andrea Kistner, Emmanuel Broussolle, Stéphane Thobois, Paul Krack
BACKGROUND: Subthalamic stimulation improves the motor and neuropsychiatric symptoms of Parkinson's disease. However, the impact of this treatment on impulse control and personality is the subject of heavy debate. The objective of this study was to investigate personality changes after subthalamic stimulation. METHODS: Using Cloninger's biosocial model, we assessed personality in 73 Parkinson's disease patients before and 12 months after subthalamic stimulation accompanied by a drastic reduction in dopaminergic medication...
June 23, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614435/personality-characteristics-and-bariatric-surgery-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#19
Suelen Bordignon, Mayra Juliana Galvis Aparício, Juliana Bertoletti, Clarissa Marceli Trentini
Introduction: Numerous studies have focused on psychological assessment of bariatric surgery candidates, aiming to identify which psychological variables, including personality characteristics, are related to successful surgical prognosis. Objective: To analyze, by means of a systematic literature review, longitudinal studies that investigated personality traits and disorders as possible predictors of outcomes in bariatric surgery. Method: PsycInfo, PubMed, and Scopus databases were searched for studies published between 2005 and 2015, using the keywords "bariatric" AND "personality...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604231/the-psychometrics-of-the-european-portuguese-version-of-the-temperament-and-character-inventory-revised
#20
Paulo A S Moreira, Claude Robert Cloninger, Maria José Rocha, João Tiago Oliveira, Noémia Ferreira, Daniel Maffasioli Gonçalves, Sándor Rózsa
Cloninger's psychobiological model of personality integrates contributions from behavioral genetics, neurobiology, and psychology in the description of the human personality. The temperament and character inventory (TCI) is its assessment instrument. The Brazilian Portuguese version of the TCI has shown good psychometric properties. However, Portuguese spoken in Brazil presents marked and substantial differences to that spoken in Portugal, and no study has yet described the psychometrics of the European Portuguese version...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
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