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Cloninger, personality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843468/influence-of-personality-traits-on-the-severity-of-alcohol-use-disorders
#1
Aida Álvarez, José J Ávila, Diego J Palao, Ángel L Montejo
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol Use Disorders (AUD) are the most prevalent psychiatric diagnosis in the general population. The study of personality characteristics, using Cloninger Personality Inventory (TCI-R), allows us to know the evolution of these patients at the beginning of treatment. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional, observational and descriptive study for 3 years with a total of 304 patients. We studied the severity of their alcohol disorder by the Alcohol Dependency Intensity Scale (EIDA), Scale of Obsessive Consumption Compulsive (OCDS) and European version of the Addiction Severity Index (EUROPASI); we studied the relationship with the personality traits of TCI-R...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787807/temperament-and-characteristics-related-to-nomophobia
#2
Maria Angustias Olivencia-Carrión, Ramón Ferri-García, María Del Mar Rueda, Manuel Gabriel Jiménez-Torres, Francisca López-Torrecillas
Nomophobia is defined as the fear of being out of mobile phone contact and is considered to be a phobia of the modern age. The current study set out to establish the relationship between temperament and personality and the development of nomophobia. The sample was composed of 968 participants selected from the Andalusian population, of which there were 182 males and 785 females aged from 23.19 years. The instruments used were the Questionnaire to Assess Nomophobia (QANIP; Olivencia-Carrión et al., 2018) and the Temperament and Character Inventory Revised (TCI-R; Cloninger et al...
August 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754120/promoting-healthy-lives-and-well-being-for-all-the-contribution-of-the-international-college-of-person-centered-medicine-icpcm
#3
G N Christodoulou, J E Mezzich, C R Cloninger, N Christodoulou, E Villar, J Appleyard, M Botbol
This article defines the scope of Person-Centered Medicine, traces its roots in ancient conceptions, explains the reasons for the revival of this perspective in our times, and highlights the contribution of the International College of Person-Centered Medicine (ICPCM) in the promotion of the personcentered perspective in health and disease. The value of communication is underlined with reference to both diagnosis and treatment. The concept of Health is considered historically and the inclusiveness, holistic vista and positive health orientation of the WHO definition of Health (1948) is underlined...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704900/the-development-of-temperament-and-character-during-adolescence-the-processes-and-phases-of-change
#4
Ada H Zohar, Igor Zwir, Jiayu Wang, C Robert Cloninger, Andrey P Anokhin
We studied the pattern of personality development in a longitudinal population-based sample of 752 American adolescents. Personality was assessed reliably with the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory at 12, 14, and 16 years of age. The rank-order stability of Junior Temperament and Character Inventory traits from age 12 to 16 was moderate (r = .35). Hierarchical linear modeling of between-group variance due to gender and within-group variance due to age indicated that harm avoidance and persistence decreased whereas self-directedness and cooperativeness increased from age 12 to 16...
April 29, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670562/a-non-linear-predictive-model-of-borderline-personality-disorder-based-on-multilayer-perceptron
#5
Nelson M Maldonato, Raffaele Sperandeo, Enrico Moretto, Silvia Dell'Orco
Borderline Personality Disorder is a serious mental disease, classified in Cluster B of DSM IV-TR personality disorders. People with this syndrome presents an anamnesis of traumatic experiences and shows dissociative symptoms. Since not all subjects who have been victims of trauma develop a Borderline Personality Disorder, the emergence of this serious disease seems to have the fragility of character as a predisposing condition. Infect, numerous studies show that subjects positive for diagnosis of Borderline Personality Disorder had scores extremely high or extremely low to some temperamental dimensions (harm Avoidance and reward dependence) and character dimensions (cooperativeness and self directedness)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578314/aspiring-personality-patients-waiting-for-obesity-treatment
#6
Danilo Garcia, Henrik Forssell, Kevin M Cloninger
The aim of the present study was to investigate differences in temperament and character between patients (N = 70) waiting for obesity surgery and the general population. Patients waiting for obesity surgery scored higher in Harm-Avoidance, Reward Dependence, Persistence, and Cooperativeness and also lower in Self-Directedness.
March 26, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546859/the-risk-model-of-developing-schizophrenia-based-on-temperament-and-character
#7
Mirjana Miskovic, Dragan Ravanic, Dragic Bankovic, Nera Zivlak-Radulovic, Visnja Banjac, Tatjana Dragisic
INTRODUCTION: Cloninger's psychological model of temperament and character confirms that the personality development is influenced by biological and psychological processes. The aim of this study is to examine personality dimensions and to determine which variable separates the healthy from the ill in the best way and could be a possible psychological marker for the presence of the illness. METHODS: This research included 152 subjects, 76 patients with schizophrenia and 76 healthy controls, selected on the basis of medical interviews, random population sampling model from a wider social community using the independent T-Tests...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546858/cloninger-s-temperament-and-character-dimensions-and-dopaminergic-genes-dat1-vntr-and-comt-val158met-polymorphisms
#8
Ivana Glavina Jelaš, Ivan Dević, Dalibor Karlović
BACKGROUND: the objective of this study was to examine the associations between Cloninger temperament and character dimensions with the DAT1 VNTR and COMT Val158Met polymorphisms. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 101 subjects, consisting of students of the Police College in Zagreb and staff of the Sestre Milosrdnice University Hospital in Zagreb. The Cloninger Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was used to test personality traits. RESULTS: A main effect of the DAT1 VNTR polymorphism was found on the subscale self-directedness - SD2 (F=5...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483348/what-is-the-natural-measurement-unit-of-temperament-single-traits-or-profiles
#9
REVIEW
C Robert Cloninger, Igor Zwir
There is fundamental doubt about whether the natural unit of measurement for temperament and personality corresponds to single traits or to multi-trait profiles that describe the functioning of a whole person. Biogenetic researchers of temperament usually assume they need to focus on individual traits that differ between individuals. Recent research indicates that a shift of emphasis to understand processes within the individual is crucial for identifying the natural building blocks of temperament. Evolution and development operate on adaptation of whole organisms or persons, not on individual traits or categories...
April 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482517/deepsurv-personalized-treatment-recommender-system-using-a-cox-proportional-hazards-deep-neural-network
#10
Jared L Katzman, Uri Shaham, Alexander Cloninger, Jonathan Bates, Tingting Jiang, Yuval Kluger
BACKGROUND: Medical practitioners use survival models to explore and understand the relationships between patients' covariates (e.g. clinical and genetic features) and the effectiveness of various treatment options. Standard survival models like the linear Cox proportional hazards model require extensive feature engineering or prior medical knowledge to model treatment interaction at an individual level. While nonlinear survival methods, such as neural networks and survival forests, can inherently model these high-level interaction terms, they have yet to be shown as effective treatment recommender systems...
February 26, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469244/longitudinal-associations-of-explosive-and-adventurous-temperament-profiles-with-character-development-the-modifying-effects-of-social-support-and-attachment
#11
Aino I L Saarinen, Tom H Rosenström, Christian A Hakulinen, Claude Robert Cloninger, Mirka H M Hintsanen, Laura M Pulkki-Råback, Terho Lehtimäki, Olli T Raitakari, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine (a) whether adventurous and explosive temperament profiles (presumed precursors of antisocial and borderline personality) are associated with character traits over a 15-year follow-up and (b) whether social support and attachment security modify the relationship between temperament profiles and character development. METHODS: 2,028 subjects of the Young Finns study completed the Temperament and Character Inventory, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, and the Relationship Questionnaire at 3 assessment points between 1997 and 2012...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358028/personality-and-parkinson-s-disease-a-meta-analysis
#12
Gabriella Santangelo, Federica Garramone, Chiara Baiano, Alfonsina D'Iorio, Fausta Piscopo, Simona Raimo, Carmine Vitale
INTRODUCTION: Personality changes are considered pre-motor features of Parkinson's disease (PD). Cross-sectional studies revealed that PD patients were more introvert, apprehensive, and cautious than healthy subjects (HS), whereas other studies failed to disclose these behavioural traits. Some studies found mixed results concerning Novelty Seeking (NS) and Harm Avoidance (HA) profiles in PD patients. To better clarify the personality profile in PD we performed a meta-analysis on studies exploring such topic according to both Cloninger's Psychobiological Model (PM) and Big Five Model (BFM) METHODS: The meta-analysis included 17 studies evaluating the personality in PD patients compared with HS...
April 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304427/longitudinal-associations-of-temperament-and-character-with-paranoid-ideation-a-population-based-study
#13
Aino Saarinen, Tom Rosenström, Mirka Hintsanen, Christian Hakulinen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Terho Lehtimäki, Olli T Raitakari, Claude Robert Cloninger, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen
The aim of this study was to examine (a) the associations of temperament and character dimensions with paranoid ideation over a 15-year follow-up in the general population (b) the associations of explosive temperament and organized character profiles with paranoid ideation. 2137 subjects of the Young Finns Study completed the Temperament and Character Inventory and the Paranoid Ideation Scale of the Symptom Checklist-90 Revised in 1997, 2001, and 2012. Temperament dimensions of high novelty seeking, high harm avoidance, low reward dependence and explosive temperament profile were associated with the development of higher paranoid ideation...
March 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297984/well-being-and-moral-identity
#14
Danilo Garcia, Saleh Moradi, Clara Amato, Alexandre Granjard, Kevin Cloninger
The good life is the result of flourishing and resilience, but also of being a morally good person. We found that moral identity was associated with engagement, meaning, the identification and acceptance of others (i.e., cooperativeness), and the sense of being part of something bigger than the self (i.e., self-transcendence).
March 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100975/personality-measures-after-gamma-ventral-capsulotomy-in-intractable-ocd
#15
Raquel R Paiva, Marcelo C Batistuzzo, Nicole C McLaughlin, Miguel M Canteras, Maria E de Mathis, Guaraci Requena, Roseli G Shavitt, Benjamin D Greenberg, Georg Norén, Steven A Rasmussen, Hermano Tavares, Eurípedes C Miguel, Antonio C Lopes, Marcelo Q Hoexter
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgeries such as gamma ventral capsulotomy (GVC) are an option for otherwise intractable obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients. In general, clinical and neuropsychological status both improve after GVC. However, its consequences on personality traits are not well-studied. The objective of this study was to investigate personality changes after one year of GVC in intractable OCD patients. METHODS: The personality assessment was conducted using the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) and Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) in 14 intractable OCD patients before and one year after GVC...
November 1, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062365/comparing-the-profile-of-temperament-and-character-dimensions-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-mood-disorder-with-a-control-group
#16
Shahram Hajirezaei, Abolfazl Mohammadi, Mehdi Soleimani, Fatemeh Rahiminezhad, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, C Robert Cloninger
Objective: This study was conducted to compare the profile of temperament and character dimensions in patients with major depressive disorder and bipolar mood disorder with a control group. Method: In this causal-comparative study, the population consisted of 2 clinical groups (major depressive disorder and bipolar mood disorder) and a non-clinical group. The sample was 193 individuals (77 patients with major depressive disorder, 86 patients with bipolar mood disorder, and 30 controls), with an age range of 18 to 65 years and the mean age of 40...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977097/temperament-and-character-traits-in-major-depressive-disorder-a-case-control-study
#17
Barbara Schwair Nogueira, Renerio Fraguas, Isabela Martins Benseñor, Paulo Andrade Lotufo, Andre Russowsky Brunoni
BACKGROUND: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) have distinct personality traits, compared with control subjects, although the role of anxiety and positive and negative affects in this finding is unclear. DESIGN AND SETTING: A case-control study enrolling 103 antidepressant-free depressed patients and 103 age and gender-matched controls was conducted at the University Hospital, University of São Paulo. METHODS: The self-reported scales of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) were applied...
September 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951816/the-dark-cube-dark-character-profiles-and-ocean
#18
Danilo Garcia, Fernando R González Moraga
BACKGROUND: The Big Five traits (i.e., openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism: OCEAN) have been suggested to provide a meaningful taxonomy for studying the Dark Triad: Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy. Nevertheless, current research consists of mixed and inconsistent associations between the Dark Triad and OCEAN. Here we used the Dark Cube (Garcia & Rosenberg, 2016), a model of malevolent character theoretically based on Cloninger's biopsychosocial model of personality and in the assumption of a ternary structure of malevolent character...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902418/cloninger-s-temperament-and-character-dimensions-of-personality-and-binge-drinking-among-college-students
#19
Fabien Gierski, Farid Benzerouk, Elodie De Wever, Theodora Duka, Arthur Kaladjian, Véronique Quaglino, Mickaël Naassila
BACKGROUND: Temperament and character dimensions of personality remain largely unexplored in young adults exhibiting binge drinking (BD) patterns. Moreover, the available studies do not consider gender differences and dismiss possible personality heterogeneity among binge drinkers. In this study, we aimed to compare temperament and character dimensions between young binge drinkers and age- and sex-matched social drinkers. We further applied cluster analysis to investigate the potential heterogeneity of personality patterns among BD college students...
November 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686561/-the-concept-of-temperament-and-its-contribution-to-the-understanding-of-the-bipolar-spectrum
#20
I Koufaki, V Polizoidou, K N Fountoulakis
The present article attempts first to provide a historical overview of the concept of temperament,The present article attempts first to provide a historical overview of the concept of temperament,since its foundation by Polybos (4th century B.C.) and the school of Cos, its predominant role in theshaping of the anthropological and humanitarian sciences, until the modern theoretical formulations,such as those proposed by Robert Cloninger and Hagop Akiskal. Secondly, recent literature ispresented, which suggests a strong link of different temperament structures to mental health andpsychopathology...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
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