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Songhao Li, Young Hyun Kim, Wing Li, Meng C Lin, Clayton J Radke
SIGNIFICANCE: A simple methodology is presented to quantify basal tear production with a modified Schirmer-tear test. PURPOSE: We introduce a simple clinical procedure to measure quantitative basal tear-production flowrates, QL, from a modified Schirmer-tear test (STT). METHODS: Eight healthy subjects aged at least 18 years underwent modified STTs on both eyes for two visits each. Schirmer strips were sheathed with transparent tape before insertion...
March 21, 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Alexander Pastukhov, Johanna Prasch, Claus-Christian Carbon
Our brain constantly tries to anticipate the future by using a variety of memory mechanisms. Interestingly, studies using the intermittent presentation of multistable displays have shown little perceptual persistence for interruptions longer than a few hundred milliseconds. Here we examined whether we can facilitate the perceptual stability of bistable displays following a period of invisibility by employing a physically plausible and ecologically valid occlusion event sequence, as opposed to the typical intermittent presentation, with sudden onsets and offsets...
March 20, 2018: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
Belete Tesfaw, Solomon Mehretie, Shimelis Admassie
A simple and sensitive voltammetric method using in-situ bismuth film modified glassy carbon electrode (BiFGE) and Nafion-coated bismuth film modified glassy carbon electrode (NC-BiFGE) were used to determine the amount of lead(II) present in locally produced (at Kombolcha, 376 km North of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia) and imported cooking utensils and vegetable samples before and after cooking with the utensils. The voltammetric method was validated using standard spectroscopic method and recovery tests. The amount of lead(II) found in the locally produced utensil (6...
January 2018: Heliyon
Faisal Akhtar, Sabah Rehman
Congenital syphilis is one of the preventable diseases caused by the gram-negative bacteria Treponema pallidum; yet, it imposes a serious global health and economic burden, with more than half of the cases resulting in serious adverse outcomes, including infant mortality. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of syphilis is estimated at 3.6 million adjusted life years (DALYs) and around $309 million in medical costs. In 2006, an estimated 9.7 million children of age less than five years died in developing countries; almost four million were neonatal deaths...
January 16, 2018: Curēus
Jiaqing Luo, Hongchao Sun, Xianfeng Zhao, Suhua Wang, Xunhui Zhuo, Yi Yang, Xueqiu Chen, Chaoqun Yao, Aifang Du
The immunochromatographic test (ICT) is a convenient and low-cost method that can rapidly obtain results (10 min) under normal conditions. In this study, we established an ICT assay with two monoclonal antibodies: TgSAG3-3A7 and TgSAG3-4D5 based on the conserved protein of TgSAG3 that can be expressed in all the infective stages of T. gondii. 20 nm gold particles were prepared and conjugated with TgSAG3-3A7 MAb at the concentration of 12.5 μg/mL. TgSAG3-4D5 MAb were used as the capture antibody because of its higher affinity tested by ELISA...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Tiffany L Hutchins, Patricia A Prelock
Episodic memory (EM) and scene construction are critical for organizing and understanding personally experienced events and for developing several aspects of social cognition including self-concept, identity, introspection, future thinking, counterfactual reasoning, theory of mind, self-regulation, flexible problem-solving, and socially adaptive behavior. This article challenges the reader to think differently about EM in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as we expand our understanding of autobiographical memory that requires an ability to travel back in time and re-experience an event...
April 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
Yu Tsukanov
BACKGROUND: To study the possibility of minimization of the skin incisions up to a puncture size at stripping by Mayo with the use of the stripper with an oval-ring head for large-diameter veins. METHODS: The problem is solved due to the geometrical changing of the stripper head from a round to an oval one. The laboratory experiment showed that with a vein diameter of 10-20 mm the total cross-sectional area of its walls constituted 13.61 mm2, with a diameter of more than 20 mm it was 19...
March 15, 2018: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
Alejandro Galindo-Tovar, María Luisa Vargas, Alberto J Kaumann
Myocardial PDE2 activity increases in terminal human heart failure and after isoprenaline infusion in rat heart. PDE2 inhibitors do not potentiate the murine sinoatrial tachycardia produced by noradrenaline. We investigated whether isoprenaline infusion induces PDE2 to decrease the chronotropic and inotropic effects of catecholamines in rat heart. Sprague-Dawley rats were infused with isoprenaline (2.4 mg kg-1  day-1 ) for 3 days. We used spontaneously beating right atria, paced right ventricular strips and left ventricular papillary muscles...
March 19, 2018: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
Kun Lv, Chun-Li Zhang, Mao-Sheng Xu
Castleman's disease (CD) is a lymphoproliferative abnormality, also referred to as giant lymph node hyperplasia or follicular lymphoid hyperplasia. The occurrence of CD in the liver is rare. Radiological diagnosis of hepatic CD by computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) remains difficult. On imaging, hepatic CD is often expressed as a single, well-defined soft tissue lesion, with rare cystic degeneration and focal necrosis. The CD lesions appear as hypervascular with abundant cell proliferation on CT and MRI...
April 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Alpha O Bah, Pei-Yuan Qin, Richard W Ziolkowski, Qiang Cheng, Y Jay Guo
A wide bandwidth, ultra-thin, metasurface is reported that facilitates wide angle beam scanning. Each unit cell of the metasurface contains a multi-resonant, strongly-coupled unequal arm Jerusalem cross element. This element consists of two bent-arm, orthogonal, capacitively loaded strips. The wide bandwidth of the metasurface is achieved by taking advantage of the strong coupling within and between its multi-resonant elements. A prototype of the proposed metasurface has been fabricated and measured. The design concept has been validated by the measured results...
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Mayank Kaashyap, Rebecca Ford, Himabindu Kudapa, Mukesh Jain, Dave Edwards, Rajeev Varshney, Nitin Mantri
Salinity is a major constraint for intrinsically salt sensitive grain legume chickpea. Chickpea exhibits large genetic variation amongst cultivars, which show better yields in saline conditions but still need to be improved further for sustainable crop production. Based on previous multi-location physiological screening, JG 11 (salt tolerant) and ICCV 2 (salt sensitive) were subjected to salt stress to evaluate their physiological and transcriptional responses. A total of ~480 million RNA-Seq reads were sequenced from root tissues which resulted in identification of 3,053 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in response to salt stress...
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Shakthi Rk Devan, Suresh Vasu, Yogesha Mallikarjuna, Ramkumar Ponraj, Gireesh Kamath, Suresh Poosala
Biodecontamination is important for eliminating pathogens at research animal facilities, thereby preventing contamination within barrier systems. We enhanced our facility's standard biodecontamination method to replace the traditional foggers, and the new system was used effectively after creating bypass ducts in HVAC units so that individual rooms could be isolated. The entire system was controlled by inhouse-developed supervisory control and data-acquisition software that supported multiple cycles of decontamination by equipment, which had different decontamination capacities, operated in parallel, and used different agents, including H2O2 vapor and ClO2 gas...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
Sarah Hindenberg, Melanie Keßler, Sabine Zielinsky, Judith Langenstein, Andreas Moritz, Natali Bauer
BACKGROUND: Species-specific point-of-care tests (POCT) permit a rapid analysis of canine C-reactive protein (CRP), enabling veterinarians to include CRP in clinical decisions. Aim of the study was to evaluate a novel POCT for canine CRP (Point Strip™ Canine CRP Assay) run on a small in-house-analyzer (Point Reader™ V) using lithium heparin plasma and to compare assay performance to an already established canine CRP assay (Gentian Canine CRP Immunoassay) run on two different bench top analyzers serving as reference methods (ABX Pentra 400, AU 5800)...
March 20, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Woo-Ri Shin, Simranjeet Singh Sekhon, Sung-Keun Rhee, Jung Ho Ko, Ji-Young Ahn, Jiho Min, Yang-Hoon Kim
Aptamer-based paper strip sensor for detecting Vibrio fischeri was developed. Our method was based on the aptamer sandwich assay between whole live cells, V. fischeri and DNA aptamer probes. Following 9 rounds of Cell-SELEX and one of the negative-SELEX, V. fischeri Cell Aptamer (VFCA)-02 and -03 were isolated, with the former showing approximately 10-fold greater avidity (in the sub-nanomolar range) for the target cells when arrayed on a surface. The colorimetric response of a paper sensor based on VFCA-02 was linear in the range of 4 × 101 to 4 × 105 CFU/mL of target cell by using scanning reader...
March 19, 2018: ACS Combinatorial Science
Hugo Legge, Amira Shaheen, Ghassan Shakhshir, Ai Milojevic
BACKGROUND: Water insecurity is an important risk factor for disease. In recent years, Palestinians have seen access to drinking water increasingly restricted. The aim of this study was to describe such changes over time and examine the association between drinking water sources and the health of children younger than 5 years in the occupied Palestinian territory in 2000-14. METHODS: For this repeated cross-sectional study we used data from five Demographic and Health Surveys conducted between 2000 and 2014...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Amir Abukaresh, Rami Al-Abadlah, Bettina Böttcher, Khamis El-Essi
BACKGROUND: In the 2014 Palestinian annual health report, cerebrovascular accident was ranked as the third leading cause of death in the occupied Palestinian territory. Cerebrovascular accident is also one the most common causes of disability worldwide. Good management decreases mortality and morbidity. The aim of this study was to assess the current management of patients with ischaemic stroke at the Al-Shifa Hospital and to compare this with international guidelines. METHODS: For this clinical audit, we used simple random sampling to select files of patients admitted with the diagnosis of ischaemic stroke to the Al-Shifa Hospital...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Alessandro Pepe, Loredana Addimando, Jamal Dagdouke, Shaher Yagi, Guido Veronese
BACKGROUND: Subjective wellbeing can be defined in terms of good mental state, including positive and negative evaluations that people make of their affect and lives. The aim of this study was to identify specific domains of wellbeing that are salient to Palestinian teachers living in three different contexts (West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Israel) and to map how components of subjective wellbeing vary between the three cohorts. METHODS: Data were gathered from interviews of teachers participating in 16 focus groups and from 36 key informants (including psychologists, counsellors, school principals, lawyers)...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Mohammad Abu-Zaineh, Maame Esi Woode, Rita Giacaman
BACKGROUND: Interest in the Senian capability framework as an alternative approach to wellbeing measurement has increased in recent decades. The aim of this study was to look at the extent to which an individual's capability to achieve wellbeing in one dimension is associated with his or her attempt to achieve wellbeing in another dimension in a fragile setting affected by conflict. METHODS: Capability is defined as the ability to achieve health, knowledge, and wealth and is measured as latent variables using a structural equation model...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Maha Al-Faqawi, Yousef Abuowda, Alaa Eldeen Elmassry, Bettina Böttcher
BACKGROUND: The frequency and severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations are the most important determinants of prognosis in COPD. The aim of this study was to assess the management of patients presenting with COPD exacerbations at the Nasser Medical Complex in the Gaza Strip and to compare the management with the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease guidelines (GOLD 2015). METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of all patients admitted to Nasser Medical Complex and diagnosed with COPD exacerbation between Jan 1, 2014, and Dec 31, 2016...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Said Alyacoubi, Yousef Abuowda, Loai Albarqouni, Bettina Böttcher, Khamis Elessi
BACKGROUND: Disease severity scores such as CURB-65 are often used to guide the management of patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Early and adequate empirical antibiotic treatment reduces mortality. The aim of this study was to examine the severity assessment and management of patients presenting with community-acquired pneumonia at the European Gaza Hospital in the Gaza Strip and to compare this to the best available evidence. METHODS: Medical records of all patients admitted to the European Gaza Hospital with a diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia between Dec 1, 2015, and March 31, 2016, were reviewed retrospectively...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
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