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Physical activity adhd

Andrew Stickley, Ai Koyanagi, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Yoko Kamio
Prior research has produced conflicting findings on the association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and pain, while studies among community-dwelling adults are lacking. This study examined the association between ADHD symptoms and pain in the general adult population, and the extent to which this association is influenced by comorbid common mental disorders (CMDs). Data came from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey which included a representative sample of the English adult household population aged ≥16 years (N=7403)...
October 3, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Jamie Valis, Michelle Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: Previous literature suggests that individuals with disabilities have increased rates of obesity and decreased participation in physical activity contributing to overall higher incidence of secondary health conditions compared to the general population without disabilities. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this research study was to examine the differences in physical activity rates for college students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Learning Disabilities (LD)...
September 13, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Katleen Geladé, Marleen Bink, Tieme W P Janssen, Rosa van Mourik, Athanasios Maras, Jaap Oosterlaan
Neurofeedback (NFB) is a potential alternative treatment for children with ADHD that aims to optimize brain activity. Whereas most studies into NFB have investigated behavioral effects, less attention has been paid to the effects on neurocognitive functioning. The present randomized controlled trial (RCT) compared neurocognitive effects of NFB to (1) optimally titrated methylphenidate (MPH) and (2) a semi-active control intervention, physical activity (PA), to control for non-specific effects. Using a multicentre three-way parallel group RCT design, children with ADHD, aged 7-13, were randomly allocated to NFB (n = 39), MPH (n = 36) or PA (n = 37) over a period of 10-12 weeks...
September 24, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Shirley S M Fong, Joanne W Y Chung, Yoyo T Y Cheng, Timothy T T Yam, Hsiu-Ching Chiu, Daniel Y T Fong, C Y Cheung, Lily Yuen, Esther Y T Yu, Yeung Sam Hung, Duncan J Macfarlane, Shamay S M Ng
This cross-sectional and exploratory study aimed to compare motor performance and electroencephalographic (EEG) attention levels in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and those with typical development, and determine the relationship between motor performance and the real-time EEG attention level in children with DCD.Eighty-six children with DCD [DCD: n = 57; DCD and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): n = 29] and 99 children with typical development were recruited...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Katleen Geladé, Tieme W P Janssen, Marleen Bink, Rosa van Mourik, Athanasios Maras, Jaap Oosterlaan
OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of neurofeedback as a treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and whether neurofeedback is a viable alternative for stimulant medication, is still an intensely debated subject. The current randomized controlled trial compared neurofeedback to (1) optimally titrated methylphenidate and (2) a semi-active control intervention, physical activity, to account for nonspecific effects. METHODS: A multicenter 3-way parallel-group study with balanced randomization was conducted...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Andrés García-Gómez, Marta Rodríguez-Jiménez, Eloísa Guerrero-Barona, Jesús Carlos Rubio-Jiménez, Inés García-Peña, Juan Manuel Moreno-Manso
BACKGROUND: Equestrian therapy has been shown to be a useful instrument in the sphere of the emotional wellbeing and mental health of different population groups. AIMS: To empirically determine the effects of a program of equestrian therapy on quality of life and various psychosocial variables of a group of 14 pupils diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), aged from 7 to 14 years. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A quasi-experimental design, with a pre-test and a post-test, was implemented with an experimental group and a control group...
September 7, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Elisa Meirelles Andrade, Laysa Minella Geha, Paula Duran, Raphael Suwwan, Felipe Machado, Maria Conceição do Rosário
INTRODUCTION: Studies have shown that the presence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) causes great impairment in academic, social, and professional activities as well as in the quality of life (QoL) of its patients. Similarly, the impact caused by other chronic disorders, such as diabetes, in the patient's QoL has been emphasized in many studies. Despite its relevance, no study has yet investigated whether ADHD caregivers and diabetic patients would have similar QoL impairment...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Madeleine J Groom, Zoe Young, Charlotte L Hall, Alinda Gillott, Chris Hollis
There is a clinical need for objective evidence-based measures that are sensitive and specific to ADHD when compared with other neurodevelopmental disorders. This study evaluated the incremental validity of adding an objective measure of activity and computerised cognitive assessment to clinical rating scales to differentiate adult ADHD from Autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Adults with ADHD (n=33) or ASD (n=25) performed the QbTest, comprising a Continuous Performance Test with motion-tracker to record physical activity...
September 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Stephanie M McCoy, John M Jakicic, Bethany Barone Gibbs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Kathryn Fritz, Patrick J O'Connor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Keizo Takahashi, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Risa Kurato, Nobuko Takahashi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and its relation to lifestyle in female college students. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 375 female college students (19.2 ± 1.3 years) among 439 students were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Using a self-reported questionnaire, we measured the prevalence of ADHD using the ADHD Self-Report Scale-v1...
June 27, 2016: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Linda Beckman, Staffan Janson, Laura von Kobyletzki
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more likely to be surrounded by different risk factors. In order to work preventively with decreasing ADHD and ASD symptoms, there is a need of more knowledge concerning risk factors. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate school, health, lifestyle and social interactions association with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among schoolchildren aged 6-17 years...
October 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Shouq A Sadah, Moloud Shahbazi, Matthew T Wiley, Vagelis Hristidis
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of patients from diverse demographic groups share and search for health-related information on Web-based social media. However, little is known about the content of the posted information with respect to the users' demographics. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to analyze the content of Web-based health-related social media based on users' demographics to identify which health topics are discussed in which social media by which demographic groups and to help guide educational and research activities...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Anat Dahan, Chen Hanna Ryder, Miriam Reiner
There is a growing body of evidence pointing at several types of motor abnormalities found in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In this article we review findings stemming from different paradigms, and suggest an interweaving approach to the different stages involved in the motor regulation process. We start by reviewing various aspects of motor abnormalities found in ADHD and related brain mechanisms. Then, we classify reported motor impairments associated with ADHD, into four classes of motor stages: Attention to the task, motion preparation, motion execution and motion monitoring...
May 26, 2016: Neuroscience
MinKyoung Song, Deborah Lauseng, Soohee Lee, Megan Nordstrom, Victor Katch
This review examines associations between physical activity (PA) and cognitive, behavioral, and physiological outcomes in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We reviewed studies on participants ≤18 years old, published in English between January 1998 and December 2014, in PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Reviews. Twenty-six studies were grouped into two categories: those that did and did not account for effects of ADHD medications. The first category showed lower levels of PA and improved cognitive and behavioral outcomes in youth whose ADHD was treated with medications...
September 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Kathleen F Holton, Joel T Nigg
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to examine whether children aged 7 to 11 years with very well-characterized ADHD, recruited from the community, have a similar number of healthy lifestyle behaviors as compared with typically developing children from the same community. METHOD: Parents of children with (n = 184) and without (n = 104) ADHD completed a lifestyle questionnaire asking about water intake, sweetened beverage consumption, multivitamin/supplement use, reading, screen time, physical activity, and sleep...
April 28, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
S T Alrashood
This chapter includes the aspects of carbamazepine. The drug is synthesized by the use of 5H-dibenz[b,f]azepine and phosgene followed by subsequent reaction with ammonia. Carbamazepine is generally used for the treatment of seizure disorders and neuropathic pain, it is also important as off-label for a second-line treatment for bipolar disorder and in combination with an antipsychotic in some cases of schizophrenia when treatment with a conventional antipsychotic alone has failed. Other uses may include attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, schizophrenia, phantom limb syndrome, complex regional pain syndrome, borderline personality disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder...
2016: Profiles of Drug Substances, Excipients, and related Methodology
Kathryn M Fritz, Patrick J O'Connor
PURPOSE: Little is known about whether acute exercise affects signs or symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. This experiment sought to determine the effects of a single bout of moderate-intensity leg cycling exercise on measures of attention, hyperactivity, mood, and motivation to complete mental work in adult men reporting elevated ADHD symptoms. METHODS: A repeated-measures crossover experiment was conducted with 32 adult men (18-33 yr) with symptoms consistent with adult ADHD assessed by the Adult Self-Report Scale V1...
June 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Tarrah B Mitchell, John L Cooley, Spencer C Evans, Paula J Fite
Previous research has demonstrated that symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are associated with higher levels of victimization, but little is known about protective factors. The purpose of the study was to examine whether physical activity attenuated the associations among ADHD symptoms and physical and relational victimization 1.5 years later. Participants included 168 s through fourth grade students (M age = 8.43; 52.4 % boys) who completed self-reports of physical activity and victimization; teachers provided ratings of ADHD symptoms...
December 28, 2015: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Judith A Treu, Kimberly Doughty, Jesse S Reynolds, Valentine Y Njike, David L Katz
Purpose . To compare two intensity levels (standard vs. enhanced) of a nutrition and physical activity intervention vs. a control (usual programs) on nutrition knowledge, body mass index, fitness, academic performance, behavior, and medication use among elementary school students. Design . Quasi-experimental with three arms. Setting . Elementary schools, students' homes, and a supermarket. Subjects . A total of 1487 third-grade students. Intervention . The standard intervention (SI) provided daily physical activity in classrooms and a program on making healthful foods, using food labels...
November 11, 2015: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
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