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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674250/aspects-of-alcohol-use-disorder-affecting-social-cognition-as-assessed-using-the-mini-social-and-emotional-assessment-mini-sea
#1
Sharon Cox, Maxime Bertoux, John J D Turner, Antony Moss, Kirsty Locker, Kevin Riggs
BACKGROUND: Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) is associated with problems with processing complex social scenarios. Little is known about the relationship between distinct AUD-related factors (e.g., years of problematic drinking), aspects of cognitive function and dysfunction in individuals diagnosed with AUD, and the relative impact these may have on social cognition. AIMS: To explore differences in social cognition between a group of participants diagnosed with AUD and controls, using a clinical measure, the Mini Social and Emotional Assessment (mini-SEA)...
April 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672889/a-faux-case-of-acute-liver-failure-in-a-28-year-old-pregnant-woman
#2
Morgan H Randall, Mary Stoermann, Don Rockey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668684/pet-dogs-behavior-when-the-owner-and-an-unfamiliar-person-attend-to-a-faux-rival
#3
Emanuela Prato-Previde, Velia Nicotra, Annalisa Pelosi, Paola Valsecchi
While dog owners ascribe different emotions to their pets, including jealousy, research on secondary emotions in nonhuman animals is very limited and, so far, only one study has investigated jealousy in dogs (Canis familiaris). This work explores jealousy in dogs one step further. We conducted two studies adapting a procedure devised to assess jealousy in human infants. In each study 36 adult dogs were exposed to a situation in which their owner and a stranger ignored them while directing positive attention towards three different objects: a book, a puppet and a fake dog (Study 1: furry; Study 2: plastic)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626439/regulation-of-dichloroacetate-biotransformation-in-rat-liver-and-extrahepatic-tissues-by-gstz1-expression-and-chloride-concentration
#4
Stephan C Jahn, Marci G Smeltz, Zhiwei Hu, Laura Rowland-Faux, Guo Zhong, Ryan J Lorenzo, Katherine V Cisneros, Peter W Stacpoole, Margaret O James
Biotransformation of dichloroacetate (DCA) to glyoxylate by hepatic glutathione transferase zeta 1 (GSTZ1) is considered the principal determinant of the rate of plasma clearance of the drug. However, several other organismal and subcellular factors are also known to influence DCA metabolism. We utilized a female rat model to study these poorly understood processes. Rats aged 4 weeks (young) and 42 to 52 weeks (adult) were used to model children and adults, respectively. Hepatic chloride concentrations, which influence the rate of GSTZ1 inactivation by DCA, were lower in rat than in human tissues and rats did not show the age dependence previously seen in humans...
April 4, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566689/brain-injury-rehabilitation-after-road-trauma-in-new-south-wales-australia-insights-from-a-data-linkage-study
#5
Jane Wu, Steven G Faux, Christopher J Poulos, Ian Harris
BACKGROUND: Population-based patterns of care studies are important for trauma care but conducting them is expensive and resource-intensive. Linkage of routinely collected administrative health data may provide an efficient alternative. The aims of this study are to describe the rehabilitation pathway for trauma survivors and to analyse the brain injury rehabilitation outcomes in the two care settings (specialist brain injury and non-specialist general rehabilitation units). METHODS: This is an observational study using routinely collected registry data (New South Wales Trauma Registry linked with the Australasian Rehabilitation Outcomes Centre Inpatient Dataset)...
March 23, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554632/pattern-of-social-cognition-deficits-in-individuals-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Anupama V, Poornima Bhola, Jagadisha Thirthalli, Urvakhsh Meherwan Mehta
BACKGROUND: Social cognition deficits have been implicated in the affect regulation and interpersonal difficulties seen in borderline personality disorder (BPD). The study examined patterns of social cognition abilities, using self-report and task-based measures, among individuals diagnosed with BPD. METHODS: The sample included a clinical group of 20 patients diagnosed with BPD and 20 age and gender-matched control group participants from the community with no psychiatric diagnosis...
March 7, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501411/social-cognition-differentiates-behavioral-variant-frontotemporal-dementia-from-other-neurodegenerative-diseases-and-psychiatric-disorders
#7
Flora Gossink, Sigfried Schouws, Welmoed Krudop, Philip Scheltens, Max Stek, Yolande Pijnenburg, Annemiek Dols
OBJECTIVE: Although deficits in social cognition are established as core features in behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), it remains unresolved if impaired social cognition distinguishes bvFTD from the broad differential diagnoses in clinical practice. Our aim was to study whether social cognition discriminates bvFTD from other neurodegenerative diseases and psychiatric disorders in patients presenting with late-onset frontal symptoms. Next, we studied the association of social cognition with frontal symptoms and cognitive functioning...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453049/one-step-conversion-of-agro-wastes-to-nanoporous-carbons-role-in-separation-of-greenhouse-gases
#8
Dipendu Saha, Bryan Taylor, Nicole Alexander, Daniel F Joyce, Gabriela I Faux, Yiting Lin, Vladimir Shteyn, Gerassimos Orkoulas
Highly microporous carbons have been synthesized from four types of agro-wastes of lignin, walnut shells, orange peels and apricot seeds by one-step carbonization/activation with potassium hydroxide (KOH) in varying ratios. The resultant carbons demonstrated BET specific surface areas of 727-2254 m 2 /g, and total pore volumes 0.34-1.14 cm 3 /g. These are higher than the majority of agro-waste derived carbons reported in the literature. For all the carbons, CO 2 adsorption at 298 K was higher than SF 6 followed by N 2 suggesting a possible separation of CO 2 and SF 6 from N 2 ...
February 6, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439194/quality-of-life-is-poorer-for-patients-with-stroke-who-require-an-interpreter-an-observational-australian-registry-study
#9
Monique F Kilkenny, Natasha A Lannin, Craig S Anderson, Helen M Dewey, Joosup Kim, Karen Barclay-Moss, Chris Levi, Steven Faux, Kelvin Hill, Brenda Grabsch, Sandy Middleton, Amanda G Thrift, Rohan Grimley, Geoffrey Donnan, Dominique A Cadilhac
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In multicultural Australia, some patients with stroke cannot fully understand, or speak, English. Language barriers may reduce quality of care and consequent outcomes after stroke, yet little has been reported empirically. METHODS: An observational study of patients with stroke or transient ischemic attack (2010-2015) captured from 45 hospitals participating in the Australian Stroke Clinical Registry. The use of interpreters in hospitals, which is routinely documented, was used as a proxy for severe language barriers...
February 9, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426262/the-relationship-between-theory-of-mind-and-insight-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#10
Rıza Gökçer Tulacı, Eylem Şahin Cankurtaran, Kadir Özdel, Nefise Öztürk, Erkan Kuru, İlker Özdemir
BACKGROUND: It is known that obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients with poor insight display more severe neuropsychological impairments than other patients with OCD. There are limited studies of OCD and theory of mind (ToM). AIM: To investigate ToM skills in patients with OCD and the relationship between insight and ToM skills by comparing OCD patients with good and poor insight. METHODS: Eighty patients with OCD and 80 healthy controls completed the structured clinical interview for DSM-IV axis I disorders, the Yale Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale, the Beck Anxiety and Beck Depression Inventories, and the Brown Assessment of Beliefs Scale...
February 9, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411353/group-education-and-multidisciplinary-management-for-chronic-headaches-among-adolescents-in-a-military-treatment-facility-a-retrospective-chart-review
#11
Andrew Ormond, Brian M Faux, Betty A Zickefoose, James Aden, Patricia E Kapunan, Timothy A Roberts
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of group education on the frequency of chronic headaches among adolescents. BACKGROUND: Chronic headaches are a common problem among adolescents with significant psychosocial morbidity. Brief education on lifestyle interventions to decrease headache frequency has established benefits among adult patients but is less proven among adolescents. METHODS: This study is a chart review examining our experience with a group education program for 155 adolescents, aged 12-17 years old, enrolled in the U...
February 7, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386279/prescription-of-antihypertensive-medication-at-discharge-influences-survival-following-stroke
#12
Nadine E Andrew, Joosup Kim, Amanda G Thrift, Monique F Kilkenny, Natasha A Lannin, Craig S Anderson, Geoffrey A Donnan, Kelvin Hill, Sandy Middleton, Christopher Levi, Steven Faux, Rohan Grimley, Nisal Gange, Richard Geraghty, Sharan Ermel, Dominique A Cadilhac
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk of death from cardiovascular disease between patients who were and were not prescribed antihypertensive medication following stroke or TIA. METHODS: This was a large cohort study using routinely collected prospective data from the Australian Stroke Clinical Registry. Patients registered between 2009 and 2013 who were discharged to the community or rehabilitation were included. Cases were linked to the National Death Index to determine the date and cause of death...
February 27, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360051/assessing-advanced-theory-of-mind-and-alexithymia-in-patients-suffering-from-enduring-borderline-personality-disorder
#13
Agnieszka Pluta, Maria Kulesza, Piotr Grzegorzewski, Katarzyna Kucharska
Findings on the theory of mind (ToM) abilities in borderline personality disorder (BPD) have been inconsistent. Surprisingly, no studies have focused on the complex aspects of ToM while simultaneously measuring alexithymia as well as comorbid depressive and anxiety symptoms, therefore, our study aimed to fill this gap. 30 female patients with BPD and 38 healthy controls (HCs) completed the Faux Pas Test (FPT) and the Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 (TAS-20). The clinical and intellectual assessment comprised of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis II Disorders (SCID-II), the Borderline Personality Inventory (BPI), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale-Revised (CESD-R), and the Raven's Progressive Matrices (RPM)...
March 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322823/use-of-space-and-behavior-of-weaned-piglets-kept-in-enriched-two-level-housing-system
#14
Michaela Fels, Franziska Lüthje, Alice Faux-Nightingale, Nicole Kemper
In this study, the possibility of introducing an elevated platform to a piglet pen was explored as a way of increasing available space and creating functional areas. On the platform, nine different manipulable materials were offered. In four batches, 40 weaned piglets were kept for five weeks in the two-level pen. Video recordings were taken two days per week. In the afternoon, more piglets were on the platform than in the morning or at night (7.2 ± 0.1 vs. 4.9 ± 0.1 vs. 0.6 ± 0.1 piglets/5 minutes; p < ...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278266/regional-nerve-blockade-for-early-analgesic-management-of-elderly-patients-with-hip-fracture-a-narrative-review
#15
REVIEW
A Scurrah, C T Shiner, J A Stevens, S G Faux
Elderly patients with hip fracture experience high morbidity and mortality, and are often undertreated for pain. Acute pain management in the elderly is challenging, with physiological frailty, medical comorbidities and cognitive impairment commonly compounding pain assessment and treatment. Guidelines outlining current best practice for acute pain management in the elderly now exist, but evidence suggests that practice remains variable and there continues to be scope for improvement. We conducted a narrative review of the literature to examine the challenges of acute pain management in the elderly, and to evaluate evidence for the role of regional nerve blocks for acute pain associated with hip fracture in the elderly...
December 26, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273000/age-based-partitioning-of-individual-genomic-inbreeding-levels-in-belgian-blue-cattle
#16
Marina Solé, Ann-Stephan Gori, Pierre Faux, Amandine Bertrand, Frédéric Farnir, Mathieu Gautier, Tom Druet
BACKGROUND: Inbreeding coefficients can be estimated either from pedigree data or from genomic data, and with genomic data, they are either global or local (when the linkage map is used). Recently, we developed a new hidden Markov model (HMM) that estimates probabilities of homozygosity-by-descent (HBD) at each marker position and automatically partitions autozygosity in multiple age-related classes (based on the length of HBD segments). Our objectives were to: (1) characterize inbreeding with our model in an intensively selected population such as the Belgian Blue Beef (BBB) cattle breed; (2) compare the properties of the model at different marker densities; and (3) compare our model with other methods...
December 22, 2017: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235616/-social-cognition-in-parkinson-s-disease-dementia-and-behavioral-variant-of-frontotemporal-dementia
#17
M E Tabernero, F Musich, F C Cossini, D G Politis
AIM: To study the presence of alterations in social cognition in Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD) and behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), to compare the levels of involvement, and to analyze their relevance as a tool to distinguish between both demential profile. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: For this purpose, 34 patients diagnosed with PDD, 21 men and 13 women, with an average age of 70 years and 8 years of education, and 26 patients diagnosed with bvFTD, 9 men and 17 women, with an average age of 68 years and 6 years of education, were assessed...
December 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209876/mentalization-deficit-in-bipolar-patients-during-an-acute-depressive-and-manic-episode-association-with-cognitive-functions
#18
Anna Bodnar, Janusz K Rybakowski
BACKGROUND: A number of studies in bipolar patients have shown a deficit in mentalization (theory of mind), one of the main aspects of social cognition. The aim of current study was to assess both cognitive and affective mentalization in well-defined groups of depressed and manic bipolar patients, compared to healthy control subjects, using a battery of tests measuring mentalization processes. The second aim was to investigate a possible relationship between cognitive and affective mentalization and cognitive functions in bipolar patients during a depressive and manic episode...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156426/theory-of-mind-and-schizophrenia-in-young-and-middle-aged-patients-influence-of-executive-functions
#19
Marta Croca, Aurèlie Lagodka, Remi Gadel, Marie Chantal Bourdel, Narjes Bendjemaa, Raphael Gaillard, Jean Pierre Olié, M Champagne-Lavau, Marie Odile Krebs, Isabelle Amado
Theory of Mind (ToM) is compromised in schizophrenia, and responsible for social disability. We aim to study the correlation between ToM deficits and Executive Functions (EF), using the Faux Pas Test (FPT) for ToM evaluation, Behavioral Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS) and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) for EF assessment. Two groups of patients with schizophrenia were included: 22 young (18-35 years-old) and 18 middle-aged (>50 years-old) Patients, compared to age-matched Controls. We found worst FPT performances in both groups of patients, but with a more generalized pattern of dysfunction in the middle-aged patient group...
January 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136634/treatment-and-outcomes-of-working-aged-adults-with-stroke-results-from-a-national-prospective-registry
#20
Natasha A Lannin, Craig S Anderson, Joosup Kim, Monique Kilkenny, Julie Bernhardt, Christopher Levi, Helen M Dewey, Christopher Bladin, Peter Hand, Helen Castley, Kelvin Hill, Steven Faux, Rohan Grimley, Brenda Grabsch, Sandy Middleton, Geoffrey Donnan, Dominique A Cadilhac
BACKGROUND: Given the potential differences in etiology and impact, the treatment and outcome of younger patients (aged 18-64 years) require examination separately to older adults (aged ≥65 years) who experience acute stroke. METHODS: Data from the Australian Stroke Clinical Registry (2010-2015) including demographic and clinical characteristics, provision of evidence-based therapies and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) post-stroke was used. Descriptive statistics and multilevel regression models were used for group comparisons...
November 14, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
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