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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545775/vaginal-birth-after-caesarean-views-of-women-from-countries-with-low-vbac-rates
#1
Christina Nilsson, Joan Lalor, Cecily Begley, Margaret Carroll, Mechthild M Gross, Susanne Grylka-Baeschlin, Ingela Lundgren, Andrea Matterne, Sandra Morano, Jane Nicoletti, Patricia Healy
PROBLEM AND BACKGROUND: Vaginal birth after caesarean section is a safe option for the majority of women. Seeking women's views can be of help in understanding factors of importance for achieving vaginal birth in countries where the vaginal birth rates after caesarean is low. AIM: To investigate women's views on important factors to improve the rate of vaginal birth after caesareanin countries where vaginal birth rates after previous caesarean are low. METHODS: A qualitative study using content analysis...
May 22, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458064/towards-precision-prevention-technologies-for-identifying-healthy-individuals-with-high-risk-of-disease
#2
Zachary D Nagel, Bevin P Engelward, David J Brenner, Thomas J Begley, Robert W Sobol, Jason H Bielas, Peter J Stambrook, Qingyi Wei, Jennifer J Hu, Mary Beth Terry, Caroline Dilworth, Kimberly A McAllister, Les Reinlib, Leroy Worth, Daniel T Shaughnessy
The rise of advanced technologies for characterizing human populations at the molecular level, from sequence to function, is shifting disease prevention paradigms toward personalized strategies. Because minimization of adverse outcomes is a key driver for treatment decisions for diseased populations, developing personalized therapy strategies represent an important dimension of both precision medicine and personalized prevention. In this commentary, we highlight recently developed enabling technologies in the field of DNA damage, DNA repair, and mutagenesis...
April 6, 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445781/mitochondrial-ros-control-of-cancer
#3
REVIEW
María Del Pilar Sosa Idelchik, Ulrike Begley, Thomas J Begley, J Andrés Melendez
Mitochondria serves a primary role in energy maintenance but also function to govern levels of mitochondria-derived reactive oxygen species (mROS). ROS have long been established to play a critical role in tumorigenesis and are now considered to be integral to the regulation of diverse signaling networks that drive proliferation, tumor cell survival and malignant progression. mROS can damage DNA, activate oncogenes, block the function of tumor suppressors and drive migratory signaling. The mitochondrion's oxidant scavenging systems including SOD2, Grx2, GPrx, Trx and TrxR are key of the cellular redox tone...
April 23, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444228/improved-outcome-and-cost-effectiveness-in-ablation-of-persistent-atrial-fibrillation-under-general-anaesthetic
#4
Claire A Martin, James P Curtain, Parag R Gajendragadkar, David A Begley, Simon P Fynn, Andrew A Grace, Patrick M Heck, Kiran Salaunkey, Munmohan S Virdee, Sharad Agarwal
Aims: Outcome of persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation remains suboptimal. Techniques employed to reduce arrhythmia recurrence rate are more likely to be embraced if cost-effectiveness can be demonstrated. A single-centre observational study assessed whether use of general anaesthesia (GA) in persistent AF ablation improved outcome and was cost-effective. Methods and results: Two hundred and ninety two patients undergoing first ablation procedures for persistent AF under conscious sedation or GA were followed...
April 21, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420339/protocol-for-the-development-of-a-salutogenic-intrapartum-core-outcome-set-sipcos
#5
Valerie Smith, Deirdre Daly, Ingela Lundgren, Tine Eri, Cecily Begley, Mechthild M Gross, Soo Downe, Zarko Alfirevic, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Maternity intrapartum care research and clinical care more often focus on outcomes that minimise or prevent adverse health rather than on what constitutes positive health and wellbeing (salutogenesis). This was highlighted recently in a systematic review of reviews of intrapartum reported outcomes where only 8% of 1648 individual outcomes, from 102 systematic reviews, were agreed as being salutogenically-focused. Added to this is variation in the outcomes measured in individual studies rendering it very difficult for researchers to synthesise, fully, the evidence from studies on a particular topic...
April 19, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375393/can-scribes-boost-fps-efficiency-and-job-satisfaction
#6
Stephen T Earls, Judith A Savageau, Susan Begley, Barry G Saver, Kate Sullivan, Alan Chuman
Purpose: Research in other medical specialties has shown that the addition of medical scribes to the clinical team enhances physicians' practice experience and increases productivity. To date, literature on the implementation of scribes in primary care is limited. To determine the feasibility and benefits of implementing scribes in family medicine, we undertook a pilot mixed- method quality improvement (QI) study. Methods: In 2014, we incorporated 4 parttime scribes into an academic family medicine practice consisting of 7 physicians...
April 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351386/midwife-led-maternity-care-in-ireland-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Anna Dencker, Valerie Smith, Colette McCann, Cecily Begley
BACKGROUND: Midwife-led maternity care is shown to be safe for women with low-risk during pregnancy. In Ireland, two midwife-led units (MLUs) were introduced in 2004 when a randomised controlled trial (the MidU study) was performed to compare MLU care with consultant-led care (CLU). Following study completion the two MLUs have remained as a maternity care option in Ireland. The aim of this study was to evaluate maternal and neonatal outcomes and transfer rates during six years in the larger of the MLU sites...
March 28, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339681/on-tear-film-breakup-tbu-dynamics-and-imaging
#8
Richard J Braun, Tobin A Driscoll, Carolyn G Begley, P Ewen King-Smith, Javed I Siddique
We report the results of some recent experiments to visualize tear film dynamics. We then study a mathematical model for tear film thinning and tear film breakup (TBU), a term from the ocular surface literature. The thinning is driven by an imposed tear film thinning rate which is input from in vivo measurements. Solutes representing osmolarity and fluorescein are included in the model. Osmolarity causes osmosis from the model ocular surface, and the fluorescein is used to compute the intensity corresponding closely to in vivo observations...
February 20, 2017: Mathematical Medicine and Biology: a Journal of the IMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298396/the-effect-of-increasing-dairy-calcium-intake-of-adolescent-girls-on-changes-in-body-fat-and-weight
#9
Joan M Lappe, Donald J McMahon, Ann Laughlin, Corrine Hanson, Jean Claude Desmangles, Margaret Begley, Misty Schwartz
Background: Overweight is epidemic in adolescents and is a major concern because it tracks into adulthood. Evidence supports the efficacy of high-calcium, high-dairy diets in achieving healthy weight in adults. However, no randomized controlled trials of the effect of dairy food on weight and body fat in adolescents have been reported to our knowledge.Objective: The aim was to determine whether increasing calcium intake to recommended amounts with dairy foods in adolescent girls with habitually low calcium intakes would decrease body fat gain compared with girls who continued their low calcium intake...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282124/evaluation-of-short-term-and-long-term-migration-testing-from-can-coatings-into-food-simulants-epoxy-and-acrylic-phenolic-coatings
#10
Rafael Paseiro-Cerrato, Jonathan DeVries, Timothy H Begley
Traditionally, migration testing during 10 days at 40 °C has been considered sufficient and appropriate for simulating the potential migration of substances from food-contact materials into foods. However, some packages, such as food cans, may be stored holding food for extended time periods (years). This study attempts to verify whether common testing conditions accurately estimate long-term migration. Two types of can coatings, epoxy and acrylic-phenolic, were subjected to short-term and long-term migration testing (1 day-1...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279746/a-link-between-tear-breakup-and-symptoms-of-ocular-irritation
#11
Jun Zhang, Carolyn G Begley, Ping Situ, Trefford Simpson, Haixia Liu
PURPOSE: We used the presence or absence of a soft contact lens (CL) as a barrier to test the hypothesis that tear breakup (TBU) presents a direct noxious stimulus to the ocular surface. METHODS: Ten subjects kept one eye open as long as possible, termed sustained tear exposure (STARE), for 10 consecutive trials while discomfort was monitored with and without a CL in place. The area of TBU was quantified in each frame. Discomfort was measured during and after each STARE trial and symptoms of ocular irritation were assessed before and after all testing...
March 6, 2017: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246072/internet-use-by-parents-of-children-with-rare-conditions-findings-from-a-study-on-parents-web-information-needs
#12
Honor Nicholl, Catherine Tracey, Thelma Begley, Carole King, Aileen M Lynch
BACKGROUND: Parents of children with rare conditions increasingly use the Internet to source information on their child's condition. This study reports on part of a larger study whose overall aim was to identify the Internet use by parents when seeking information on their child's rare condition, with the specific purpose of using the findings to aid in the development of a website specifically designed to meet the parents' needs. It presents findings on why these parents use the Internet, the information and support content they source, and the impact these resources have on their capacity to care for and manage their child's condition...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225758/biochemistry-origin-of-a-key-player-in-methane-biosynthesis
#13
Tadhg P Begley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215372/the-managing-epilepsy-well-network-advancing-epilepsy-self-management
#14
EDITORIAL
Martha Sajatovic, Barbara C Jobst, Ross Shegog, Yvan A Bamps, Charles E Begley, Robert T Fraser, Erica K Johnson, Dilip K Pandey, Rakale C Quarells, Peter Scal, Tanya M Spruill, Nancy J Thompson, Rosemarie Kobau
Epilepsy, a complex spectrum of disorders, affects about 2.9 million people in the U.S. Similar to other chronic disorders, people with epilepsy face challenges related to management of the disorder, its treatment, co-occurring depression, disability, social disadvantages, and stigma. Two national conferences on public health and epilepsy (1997, 2003) and a 2012 IOM report on the public health dimensions of epilepsy highlighted important knowledge gaps and emphasized the need for evidence-based, scalable epilepsy self-management programs...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202408/self-management-in-epilepsy-why-and-how-you-should-incorporate-self-management-in-your-practice
#15
Sandra L Helmers, Rosemarie Kobau, Martha Sajatovic, Barbara C Jobst, Michael Privitera, Orrin Devinsky, David Labiner, Cam Escoffery, Charles E Begley, Ross Shegog, Dilip Pandey, Robert T Fraser, Erica K Johnson, Nancy J Thompson, Keith J Horvath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168767/lifestyle-change-reduces-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-and-glucagon-like-peptide-1-levels-in-obese-first-degree-relatives-of-people-with-diabetes
#16
A Bowes, J Begley, D Kerr
BACKGROUND: Preventing type 2 diabetes in a real-world setting remains challenging. The present study aimed to assess the effectiveness of a lifestyle-based programme for individuals at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes as assessed by achieved weight loss, cardiovascular risk factors and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). METHODS: Sixty-six obese individuals with history of diabetes in first-degree relatives participated in an 8-month lifestyle programme consisting of 12 × 1...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166849/assessing-patient-progress-in-psychological-therapy-through-feedback-in-supervision-the-memos-randomized-controlled-trial-measuring-and-monitoring-clinical-outcomes-in-supervision-memos
#17
Kate M Davidson, Michelle L Rankin, Amelie Begley, Suzanne Lloyd, Sarah J E Barry, Paula McSkimming, Lisa Bell, Carole Allan, Morag Osborne, George Ralston, Geraldine Bienkowski, John Mellor-Clark, Andrew Walker
BACKGROUND: Psychological therapy services are often required to demonstrate their effectiveness and are implementing systematic monitoring of patient progress. A system for measuring patient progress might usefully 'inform supervision' and help patients who are not progressing in therapy. AIMS: To examine if continuous monitoring of patient progress through the supervision process was more effective in improving patient outcomes compared with giving feedback to therapists alone in routine NHS psychological therapy...
February 7, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149532/bivalent-iap-antagonists-but-not-monovalent-iap-antagonists-inhibit-tnf-mediated-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-by-degrading-traf2-associated-ciap1-in-cancer-cells
#18
Y Mitsuuchi, C A Benetatos, Y Deng, T Haimowitz, S C Beck, M R Arnone, G S Kapoor, M E Seipel, S K Chunduru, M A McKinlay, C G Begley, S M Condon
The inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) proteins have pivotal roles in cell proliferation and differentiation, and antagonizing IAPs in certain cancer cell lines results in induction of cell death. A variety of IAP antagonist compounds targeting the baculovirus IAP protein repeat 3 (BIR3) domain of cIAP1have advanced into clinical trials. Here we sought to compare and contrast the biochemical activities of selected monovalent and bivalent IAP antagonists with the intent of identifying functional differences between these two classes of IAP antagonist drug candidates...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141794/death-associated-protein-kinase-1-phosphorylates-ndrg2-and-induces-neuronal-cell-death
#19
Mi-Hyeon You, Byeong Mo Kim, Chun-Hau Chen, Michael J Begley, Lewis C Cantley, Tae Ho Lee
Death-associated protein kinase 1 (DAPK1) has been shown to have important roles in neuronal cell death in several model systems and has been implicated in multiple diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms by which DAPK1 signals neuronal cell death. In this study, N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (NDRG2) was identified as a novel substrate of DAPK1 using phospho-peptide library screening. DAPK1 interacted with NDRG2 and directly phosphorylated the Ser350 residue in vitro and in vivo...
February 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134445/interventions-for-prevention-of-bullying-in-the-workplace
#20
REVIEW
Patricia A Gillen, Marlene Sinclair, W George Kernohan, Cecily M Begley, Ans G Luyben
BACKGROUND: Bullying has been identified as one of the leading workplace stressors, with adverse consequences for the individual employee, groups of employees, and whole organisations. Employees who have been bullied have lower levels of job satisfaction, higher levels of anxiety and depression, and are more likely to leave their place of work. Organisations face increased risk of skill depletion and absenteeism, leading to loss of profit, potential legal fees, and tribunal cases. It is unclear to what extent these risks can be addressed through interventions to prevent bullying...
January 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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