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heart failure ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146416/fulminant-adrenergic-myocarditis-complicated-by-pulmonary-edema-cardiogenic-shock-and-cardiac-arrest
#1
Pawel Rostoff, Bohdan Nessler, Patrycja Pikul, Karolina Golinska-Grzybala, Tomasz Miszalski-Jamka, Jadwiga Nessler
Adrenergic myocarditis is an uncommon presentation of pheochromocytoma and extremely rare cause of de novo acute heart failure (AHF). We present a case of a 31-year-old Caucasian woman with a history of hypertension and recurrent occipital headaches who was admitted to the emergency department due to severe de novo AHF presenting as pulmonary edema and cardiogenic shock. During the hospital admission the patient experienced asystolic cardiac arrest and was successfully resuscitated, intubated, and mechanically ventilated...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145282/autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-combined-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-a-case-report
#2
Yingjing Shen, Chenggang Xu
INTRODUCTION: This report describes the novel sampling of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) combined with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). SYMPTOMS AND CLINICAL FINDINGS: A 48-year-old Chinese man presented with anasarca, hypourocrinia, gross hematuria, and weight gain by 10 kg subsequently developed acute kidney injury after struck by acute respiratory distress syndrome, really a threat to his heart. DIAGNOSES: Abdominal ultrasound revealed multiple small cysts in both kidneys, with the right kidney measuring 11...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142810/the-role-of-ivabradine-in-diastolic-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-a-doppler-echocardiographic-study
#3
Federico Cacciapuoti, Valerio Massimo Magro, Michele Caturano, Diana Lama, Fulvio Cacciapuoti
Background: Ivabradine (IVA) is effective in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) or systolic heart failure in sinus rhythm. Its action consists in reducing heart rate (HR) and improving the time of left ventricular (LV) diastolic filling. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of IVA added to conventional therapy on patients with diastolic heart failure (DHF) and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Methods: We evaluated 25 patients with DHF in the New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II-III and sinus rhythm...
October 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132775/-maternal-deaths-due-to-cardiovascular-disease-results-from-the-french-confidential-enquiry-into-maternal-deaths-2010-2012
#4
D Chassard, E Verspyck
Between 2010 and 2012, 29 maternal deaths were caused by cardiovascular disease, i.e. an overall maternal mortality ratio of 1.2 per 100,000 live births. Deaths occurred in pre-existing heart disease (n=19), peripartum cardiomyopathy (n=5), or arterial rupture (n=5). Care was considered non-optimal in three of five patients with congenital heart disease and due to delayed management by specialized teams. Pregnant patients with heart disease should be considered to be at high risk of mortality or severe cardiovascular complications and therefore reoriented as soon as possible to a perinatal center with the expertise of these pathologies...
November 10, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104638/caffeoylxanthiazonoside-exerts-cardioprotective-effects-during-chronic-heart-failure-via-inhibition-of-inflammatory-responses-in-cardiac-cells
#5
Bin Yang, Fei Wang, Huili Cao, Guifang Liu, Yuean Zhang, Ping Yan, Bao Li
Caffeoylxanthiazonoside (CYT) is an active constituent isolated from the fruit of the Xanthium strumarium L plant. The aim of the present study was to investigate the cardioprotective effects of oral administration of CYT on chronic heart failure (CHF) and its underlying mechanisms. A rat model of CHF was first established, and cardiac function indices, including the heart/body weight index, left heart/body weight index, fractional shortening (FS), ejection fraction (EF), cardiac output (CO) and heart rate (HR), were subsequently determined by cardiac ultrasound...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092770/avalon-catheters-in-pediatric-patients-requiring-ecmo-placement-and-migration-problems
#6
Marcus D Jarboe, Samir K Gadepalli, Joseph T Church, Meghan A Arnold, Ronald B Hirschl, George B Mychaliska
PURPOSE: The Avalon dual-lumen venovenous catheter has several advantages, but placement techniques and management have not been adequately addressed in the pediatric population. We assessed our institutional outcomes and complications using the Avalon catheter in children. METHODS: We reviewed all pediatric patients who had Avalon catheters placed for respiratory failure at our institution, excluding congenital heart disease patients, from April 2009 to March 2016...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081582/quantitative-assessment-of-muscle-in-dogs-using-a-vertebral-epaxial-muscle-score
#7
Lisa M Freeman, James Sutherland-Smith, Lori R Prantil, Amy F Sato, John E Rush, Bruce A Barton
Muscle loss associated with disease (cachexia) or with aging (sarcopenia) is common in dogs, but clinically relevant methods for quantifying muscle loss are needed. We previously validated an ultrasound method of quantifying muscle size in dogs in a single breed. The goal of this study was to assess the variability and reproducibility of the Vertebral Epaxial Muscle Score (VEMS) in other dog breeds. Static ultrasound images were obtained from 38 healthy, neutered dogs of 5 different breeds between 1- and 5-years-old...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077666/direct-ultrasound-of-the-pulmonary-artery-helps-diagnose-a-rare-cause-of-right-ventricular-failure-after-heart-transplantation-a-case-report
#8
John S McNeil, Si M Pham, Julie L Huffmyer
Pulmonary artery anastomosis stenosis is a rare cause of right ventricular failure after orthotopic heart transplantation. In this case report, direct ultrasound of the pulmonary artery helped diagnose stenosis at a location not visible on transesophageal echocardiography or even with standard epicardial ultrasound views. It is important to evaluate all vascular anastomoses after heart or lung transplantation because surgical revision of these lesions is facile, but if left undiagnosed, significant morbidity or mortality is likely...
October 26, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072885/cardiopulmonary-ultrasound-for-critically-ill-adults-improves-diagnostic-accuracy-in-a-resource-limited-setting-the-africa-trial
#9
Torben K Becker, Chelsea A Tafoya, Maxwell Osei-Ampofo, Matthew J Tafoya, Ross A Kessler, Nikhil Theyyunni, Hussein A Yakubu, Daniel Opuni, Daniel J Clauw, James A Cranford, Chris K Oppong, Rockefeller A Oteng
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of a cardiopulmonary ultrasound (CPUS) examination on diagnostic accuracy for critically ill patients in a resource-limited setting. METHODS: Approximately half of the emergency medicine resident physicians at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) in Kumasi, Ghana, were trained in a CPUS protocol. Adult patients triaged to the resuscitation area of the emergency department (ED) were enrolled if they exhibited signs or symptoms of shock or respiratory distress...
October 26, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071663/usefulness-of-lung-ultrasound-in-the-management-of-patients-with-heart-failure
#10
Deodato Assanelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052801/coronary-flow-response-to-remote-ischemic-preconditioning-is-preserved-in-old-cardiac-patients
#11
Elpidio Santillo, Monica Migale, Fabrizio Balestrini, Demetrio Postacchini, Silvia Bustacchini, Fabrizia Lattanzio, Raffaele Antonelli-Incalzi
BACKGROUND: The effect of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) on coronary flow in elderly cardiac patients has not been investigated yet. Thus, we aimed to study the change of coronary flow subsequent to RIPC in old patients with heart diseases and to identify its main correlates. METHODS: Ninety-five elderly patients (aged ≥ 65 years) accessing cardiac rehabilitation ward underwent transthoracic ultrasound evaluation of peak diastolic flow velocity of left anterior descending artery...
October 20, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047410/association-between-kidney-intracapsular-pressure-and-ultrasound-elastography
#12
Kianoush B Kashani, Shennen A Mao, Sami Safadi, Bruce P Amiot, Jaime M Glorioso, John C Lieske, Scott L Nyberg, Xiaoming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Kidney congestion is a common pathophysiologic pathway of acute kidney injury (AKI) in sepsis and heart failure. There is no noninvasive tool to measure kidney intracapsular pressure (KIP) directly. METHODS: We evaluated the correlation of KIP with kidney elasticity measured by ultrasound surface wave elastography (USWE). We directly measured transcatheter KIP in three pigs at baseline and after bolus infusion of normal saline, norepinephrine, vasopressin, dopamine, and fenoldopam; infiltration of 2-L peritoneal dialysis solution in the intra-abdominal space; and venous, arterial, and ureteral clamping...
October 19, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045589/standardization-of-adult-transthoracic-echocardiography-reporting-in-agreement-with-recent-chamber-quantification-diastolic-function-and-heart-valve-disease-recommendations-an-expert-consensus-document-of-the-european-association-of-cardiovascular-imaging
#13
Maurizio Galderisi, Bernard Cosyns, Thor Edvardsen, Nuno Cardim, Victoria Delgado, Giovanni Di Salvo, Erwan Donal, Leyla Elif Sade, Laura Ernande, Madalina Garbi, Julia Grapsa, Andreas Hagendorff, Otto Kamp, Julien Magne, Ciro Santoro, Alexandros Stefanidis, Patrizio Lancellotti, Bogdan Popescu, Gilbert Habib
Aims: This European Association Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) Expert Consensus document aims at defining the main quantitative information on cardiac structure and function that needs to be included in standard echocardiographic report following recent ASE/EACVI chamber quantification, diastolic function, and heart valve disease recommendations. The document focuses on general reporting and specific pathological conditions such as heart failure, coronary artery and valvular heart disease, cardiomyopathies, and systemic diseases...
October 17, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034563/heart-failure-study-of-multipoint-pacing-effects-on-ventriculoarterial-coupling-rationale-and-design-of-the-humvee-trial
#14
Christina Chrysohoou, Polychronis Dilaveris, Christos-Konstantinos Antoniou, Ioannis Skiadas, Konstantinos Konstantinou, Konstantinos Gatzoulis, Ioannis Kallikazaros, Dimitrios Tousoulis
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an established therapy for symptomatic heart failure (HF). Unfortunately, many recipients remain nonresponders. Studies have revealed the potential role of multipoint pacing (MPP) in improving response and outcomes. The aim of this study is to compare the effects of MPP against those of standard biventricular pacing (BVP) on (i) ventriculoarterial coupling (VAC) and energy efficiency of the failing heart, (ii) diastolic function, (iii) quality of life, and (iv) NT-proBNP levels and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) during a follow-up of 13 months...
October 15, 2017: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984662/rapid-cardiothoracic-ultrasound-protocol-for-diagnosis-of-acute-heart-failure-in-the-emergency-department
#15
Jonas Öhman, Veli-Pekka Harjola, Pasi Karjalainen, Johan Lassus
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of a rapid cardiothoracic ultrasound protocol (CaTUS), combining echocardiographically derived E/e' and lung ultrasound (LUS), for diagnosing acute heart failure (AHF) in patients with undifferentiated dyspnea in an emergency department (ED). PATIENTS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 100 patients with undifferentiated dyspnea from a tertiary care ED, who all had CaTUS done immediately upon arrival in the ED...
October 3, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980408/the-application-of-lung-ultrasound-in-acute-decompensated-heart-failure-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-and-reduced-ejection-fraction
#16
Feifei Yang, Qiushuang Wang, Guang Zhi, Liwei Zhang, Dangsheng Huang, Dong Shen, Meiqing Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Lung ultrasound detection of B-lines has become a simple, semiquantitative, noninvasive tool for evaluating pulmonary congestion in heart failure (HF) patients. This study compared the correlation of B-lines with E/e', NT-proBNP, and ejection fraction (EF) in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). METHODS: Eighty-two consecutive patients who were diagnosed with acute decompensated HF were divided into two groups: preserved ejection fraction heart failure (HFpEF, EF≥50%, n=32) and reduced ejection fraction heart failure (HFrEF, EF<50%, n=50)...
October 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964958/hepatitis-b-virus-reactivation-after-heart-transplant-incidence-and-clinical-impact
#17
Martina Vitrone, Domenico Iossa, Luca Rinaldi, Pia Clara Pafundi, Rosa Molaro, Antonio Parrella, Roberto Andini, Enrico Ragone, Ciro Maiello, Rosa Zampino, Emanuele Durante-Mangoni
BACKGROUND: Occult hepatitis B infection consists of persistence of HBV genomes in hepatocytes,absence of serum HBsAg, low/undetectable serum HBVDNA. Reactivation of HBV infection may occur during immunosuppression, but few data are available in heart transplant. OBJECTIVES: We followed-up heart recipients with or without markers of previous HBV infection,evaluating prevalence of HBV markers, incidence of HBV reactivation and its virological and clinical features...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960894/focused-echocardiography-and-lung-ultrasound-protocol-for-guiding-treatment-in-acute-heart-failure
#18
Jonas Öhman, Veli-Pekka Harjola, Pasi Karjalainen, Johan Lassus
AIMS: There is little evidence-based therapy existing for acute heart failure (AHF), hospitalizations are lengthy and expensive, and optimal monitoring of AHF patients during in-hospital treatment is poorly defined. We evaluated a rapid cardiothoracic ultrasound (CaTUS) protocol, combining focused echocardiographic evaluation of cardiac filling pressures, that is, medial E/e' and inferior vena cava index, with lung ultrasound (LUS) for guiding treatment in hospitalized AHF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 20 consecutive patients hospitalized for AHF, whose in-hospital treatment was guided using the CaTUS protocol according to a pre-specified treatment protocol targeting resolution of pulmonary congestion on LUS and lowering cardiac filling pressures...
September 28, 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959123/ultrasound-assessment-of-kidney-volume-in-patients-with-acute-decompensated-heart-failure-a-predictor-of-diuretic-resistance
#19
Shinobu Sugihara, Yoshiharu Kinugasa, Tomoaki Takata, Takaaki Sugihara, Keiko Hosho, Chitose Imai, Hiromi Ito, Kensaku Yamada, Masahiko Kato, Kazuhiro Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Diuretics are essential for treating acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), but the response is inconsistent. This study aimed to clarify whether kidney volume as assessed by ultrasound (US) predicts diuretic resistance in patients with ADHF. METHODS: We enrolled 29 patients with ADHF and 32 controls. Height-adjusted kidney volume was assessed by US. We divided patients into two groups based on the median value of total daily use of furosemide (intravenous dose plus 0...
September 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948364/worsening-in-longitudinal-strain-and-strain-rate-anticipates-development-of-pediatric-transplant-coronary-artery-vasculopathy-as-soon-as-one%C3%A2-year-following-transplant
#20
Richard J Boruta, Shelley D Miyamoto, Adel K Younoszai, Sonali S Patel, Bruce F Landeck
Transplant coronary artery vasculopathy (TCAV) following orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) continues to be the primary reason for late graft failure in children. The current gold standard of diagnosis of TCAV is coronary angiography with or without intravascular ultrasound. This study investigates the longitudinal use of speckle-tracking echocardiographic strain imaging as an early non-invasive marker to screen for development of TCAV. Echocardiograms from patients who underwent OHT between 2006 and 2010 at Children's Hospital Colorado (n = 50) were retrospectively assessed...
September 25, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
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