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Physical activity AND adhd

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870443/the-effect-of-previous-methylphenidate-use-on-incidence-of-stress-fractures-in-military-recruits-a-retrospective-cohort
#1
Ilan S Ben-Ami, Ran Ankory, Assaf Kadar, Dani Rotman, Nimrod Snir, Haggai Schermann
BACKGROUND: Previous research has detected an increased risk of stress fractures among subjects who reported previous use of methylphenidate. Conversely, stimulant medication use has been associated with traumatic fracture risk reduction, possibly because of the improved control of the underlying symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of previous methylphenidate use on the incidence of traumatic and stress fractures among combat soldiers with previously treated and untreated ADHD...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794889/supporting-development-during-military-deployment-and-after-april-2018
#2
Katherine A Trier, Demetra Pappas, Bryan Bovitz, Marilyn Augustyn
Ryan is a 6-year-old child new to your primary care practice after relocating from out of state with his father and younger sister. Ryan's grandmother recently expressed concerns about Ryan's social skills and behavior. He was subsequently diagnosed by a developmental and behavioral pediatrician with autism spectrum disorder, global developmental delay, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. At your first visit with Ryan, his father provides the following history: When Ryan was 3 years old, he was living with his mother and infant sister while his father was serving his fourth tour of duty with the marines in Afghanistan...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784236/a-review-associations-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-physical-activity-medication-use-eating-behaviors-and-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#3
REVIEW
Danielle Quesada, Nasar U Ahmed, Kristopher P Fennie, Erica L Gollub, Boubakari Ibrahimou
In the past few years we have become increasingly aware of strong associations between obesity and ADHD. Both conditions are major public health issues, affecting children, adolescents and adults alike. OBJECTIVE: This review seeks to (1) examine prior research on the association between ADHD and obesity in children and adolescents; (2) discuss mechanisms and consequent behavioral attributes to gain understanding of the path association between ADHD and obesity, (3) review studies examining the role of physical activity, medication, eating behavior and gender on the relationship between ADHD and obesity in children and adolescents...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772309/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-obesity-a-review-and-model-of-current-hypotheses-explaining-their-comorbidity
#4
REVIEW
Tomasz Hanć, Samuele Cortese
Available meta-analyses point to a significant association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obesity. The possible mechanisms underlying this relationship are unclear. Here, we overview the studies aimed at identifying the factors contributing to the comorbidity between ADHD and obesity, including genetic factors, fetal programming, executive dysfunctions, psychosocial stress, factors directly related to energy balance, and sleep patterns alterations. The bulk of current research has focused on reduced physical activity and abnormal eating patterns as possible causes of weight gain in individuals with ADHD...
May 14, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688639/-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-clinical-activity-in-israel
#5
Yuval Bloch
This editorial relates to the study published in the current issue on how our current knowledge is practiced in screening, diagnosing and treating children suffering from ADHD in Israel. It seems that there is an awareness of the disorder by parents and teachers, thus there is no need for community screening. The roles of the different medical professions: pediatricians (after receiving training on ADHD), child neurologists and child psychiatrists are not clear enough and thus services are not utilized properly...
April 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625261/acute-and-chronic-effect-of-physical-activity-on-cognition-and-behaviour-in-young-people-with-adhd-a-systematic-review-of-intervention-studies
#6
REVIEW
Sara Suarez-Manzano, Alberto Ruiz-Ariza, Manuel De La Torre-Cruz, Emilio J Martínez-López
BACKGROUND: Young people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often have learning and behavioral control difficulties. AIM: The aim of this review is analyse the acute and chronic effect of physical activity (PA) on the cognition and behaviour of children and adolescents with ADHD. METHODS: Studies were identified in five databases (PubMed, SPORTDiscus, ProQuest, Web of Science, and SCOPUS), from January 2000 through to January 2017...
June 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545976/improvements-in-negative-parenting-mediate-changes-in-children-s-autonomic-responding-following-a-preschool-intervention-for-adhd
#7
Ziv Bell, Tiffany Shader, Carolyn Webster-Stratton, M Jamila Reid, Theodore P Beauchaine
Abnormal patterns of sympathetic- and parasympathetic- linked cardiac activity and reactivity are observed among externalizing children, and mark deficiencies in central nervous system regulation of behavior and emotion. Although changes in these biomarkers have been observed following treatment, mechanisms remain unexplored. We used MEMORE-a new approach to analyzing intervening variable effects-to evaluate improvements in parenting as mediators of changes in SNS- and PNS-linked cardiac activity and reactivity among 99 preschoolers with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder who were treated using an empirically supported intervention...
2018: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527757/disturbed-sleep-and-activity-in-toddlers-with-early-signs-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#8
Anne-Katrine F Bundgaard, Jette Asmussen, Nadia S Pedersen, Niels Bilenberg
This study investigated whether early signs of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in toddlers aged 2-3 years are associated with disturbed sleep and activity levels. Participants were recruited from the Odense Child Cohort, and children scoring above the 93rd percentile on the ADHD scale of the Child Behaviour Checklist 1½-5 were categorised as cases and compared with age- and gender-matched normal-scoring controls. Daytime and nocturnal activity for 24 children with ADHD traits (cases) and 25 healthy controls was assessed through 7 days of actigraphy, and parents completed the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) and the ADHD Rating Scale IV Preschool Version (ADHD-RS)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501948/salivary-cortisol-and-alpha-amylase-diurnal-profiles-and-stress-reactivity-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#9
Eleni Angeli, Terpsichori Korpa, Elizabeth O Johnson, Filia Apostolakou, Ioannis Papassotiriou, George P Chrousos, Panagiota Pervanidou
There is growing evidence for dysregulation of the stress system in individuals with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The stress system includes neuroanatomical and functional components that function in concert to maintain homeostasis and its main effectors are the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the sympathetic/adrenomedullary nervous system (SNS). As stress system activity demonstrates a distinct circadian variation, we aimed to describe simultaneously, diurnal rhythms of both the HPA axis and the SNS in children with ADHD and a comparison group...
April 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499467/adverse-physiological-and-psychological-effects-of-screen-time-on-children-and-adolescents-literature-review-and-case-study
#10
Gadi Lissak
A growing body of literature is associating excessive and addictive use of digital media with physical, psychological, social and neurological adverse consequences. Research is focusing more on mobile devices use, and studies suggest that duration, content, after-dark-use, media type and the number of devices are key components determining screen time effects. Physical health effects: excessive screen time is associated with poor sleep and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure, obesity, low HDL cholesterol, poor stress regulation (high sympathetic arousal and cortisol dysregulation), and Insulin Resistance...
July 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406917/lack-of-an-association-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-and-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-als
#11
Leonie Ebel, Susanne Petri, Joachim K Krauss, Reinhard Dengler, Martina de Zwaan
BACKGROUND: Lulé, Ludolph, and Ludolph (2008) hypothesized that there may be a pathophysiological link between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). They summarized common clinical features, specifically enhanced physical and psychological activity, which have been described typically for ADHD patients and also as common personality traits before disease onset in patients with ALS. METHODS: We assessed the lifetime prevalence rate of ADHD in 104 patients with ALS using valid self-report instruments for ADHD symptoms in childhood (WURS-k) and adulthood (ADHD-SB)...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391802/adhd-and-lifestyle-habits-in-czech-adults-a-national-sample
#12
Simon Weissenberger, Radek Ptacek, Martina Vnukova, Jiri Raboch, Martina Klicperova-Baker, Lucie Domkarova, Michal Goetz
Background: Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been added as a diagnosis to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders version 5 (DSM5) in 2013, thus making ADHD, which has been classically known as a childhood disorder, a life-long disorder. Those suffering from the condition show very specific behavioral traits, which manifest as lifestyle habits; they also show comorbidities that can be the symptoms and/or consequences of certain lifestyles. Materials and methods: The targeted population was adults aged 18-65 years...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261536/sleeping-tv-cognitively-stimulating-activities-physical-activity-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptom-incidence-in-children-a-prospective-study
#13
Gabriela P Peralta, Joan Forns, Manuela García de la Hera, Llúcia González, Mònica Guxens, Mónica López-Vicente, Jordi Sunyer, Judith Garcia-Aymerich
OBJECTIVE: To analyze associations between time spent sleeping, watching TV, engaging in cognitively stimulating activities, and engaging in physical activity, all at 4 years, and (1) attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and (2) behavior problems, both assessed at 7 years, in ADHD-free children at baseline. METHOD: In total, 817 participants of the Infancia y Medio Ambiente birth cohort, without ADHD at baseline, were included. At the 4-year follow-up, parents reported the time that their children spent sleeping, watching TV, engaging in cognitively stimulating activities, and engaging in physical activity...
April 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153459/-intrafamilial-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-present-data-and-treatment-prospects
#14
E Bousquet, N Franc, C Ha, D Purper-Ouakil
Child-to-parent violence is a form of family violence that is still a well-kept secret. Abused parents can be victims of different types of abuse. Children can use both physical and psychological violence such as financial threats to take control of the home. In this situation, parents often no longer dare to contradict their children by fear of triggering uncontrollable violence. Although the phenomenon recently drew the attention of the media, there is still little knowledge about its prevalence and clinical characteristics...
April 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098467/a-6-month-follow-up-of-an-rct-on-behavioral-and-neurocognitive-effects-of-neurofeedback-in-children-with-adhd
#15
Katleen Geladé, Tieme W P Janssen, Marleen Bink, Jos W R Twisk, Rosa van Mourik, Athanasios Maras, Jaap Oosterlaan
To assess the long-term effects of neurofeedback (NFB) in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), we compared behavioral and neurocognitive outcomes at a 6-month naturalistic follow-up of a randomized controlled trial on NFB, methylphenidate (MPH), and physical activity (PA). Ninety-two children with a DSM-IV-TR ADHD diagnosis, aged 7-13, receiving NFB (n = 33), MPH (n = 28), or PA (n = 31), were re-assessed 6-months after the interventions. NFB comprised theta/beta training on the vertex (cortical zero)...
November 2, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917364/managing-childhood-and-adolescent-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-with-exercise-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Collin Yih Xian Ho, Hwei Wuen Chan, Bob Zheng Jie Yong, Wee-Song Yeo
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neuropsychiatric disorders affecting some 8-10% of children worldwide. Increasing research has shed light on the life course of the disorder, suggesting that majority of children with ADHD will continue to have persistent symptoms into adulthood. The mainstay of ADHD management has been pharmacologic and behavioural/psychological interventions, with little attention paid to exercise as a potential management strategy...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877766/tardive-dyskinesia-motor-system-impairments-cognition-and-everyday-functioning
#17
Martin Strassnig, Amie Rosenfeld, Philip D Harvey
The recent approval of treatments for tardive dyskinesia (TD) has rekindled interest in this chronic and previously recalcitrant condition. A large proportion of patients with chronic mental illness suffer from various degrees of TD. Even the newer antipsychotics constitute a liability for TD, and their liberal prescription might lead to emergence of new TD in patient populations previously less exposed to antipsychotics, such as those with depression, bipolar disorder, autism, or even attention deficit hyperactivity disorder...
September 7, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834373/adhd-medication-dietary-patterns-physical-activity-and-bmi-in-children-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-ecls-k-study
#18
April Bowling, Kirsten Davison, Sebastien Haneuse, William Beardslee, Daniel P Miller
OBJECTIVE: This study examined relationships between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), stimulant use, and BMI change in a nationally representative cohort of children as well as differences in diet and physical activity that may mediate associations between stimulant use and BMI change. METHODS: By using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort 1998-1999 (N = 8,250), we modeled BMI and z score change by ADHD and stimulant start time, examined the odds of unhealthy diet and physical activity predicted by ADHD and stimulant use, and performed mediation analysis assessing indirect effects of health behaviors...
October 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813159/enhancing-enzyme-activity-and-immobilization-in-nanostructured-inorganic-enzyme-complexes
#19
Xuye Lang, Lingling Zhu, Yingning Gao, Ian Wheeldon
Understanding the chemical and physical interactions at the interface of protein surfaces and inorganic crystals has important implications in the advancement of immobilized enzyme catalysis. Recently, enzyme-inorganic hybrid complexes have been demonstrated as effective materials for enzyme immobilization. The precipitation of phosphate nanocrystals in the presence of enzymes creates enzyme-Cu3(PO4)2·3H2O particles with high surface-to-volume ratios, enhanced activity, and increased stability. Here, we begin to develop a mechanistic understanding of enzyme loading in such complexes...
August 25, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771088/behavioral-effects-of-a-locomotor-based-physical-activity-intervention-in-preschoolers
#20
Sarah Burkart, Jasmin Roberts, Matthew C Davidson, Sofiya Alhassan
BACKGROUND: Poor adaptive learning behaviors (ie, distractibility, inattention, and disruption) are associated with behavior problems and underachievement in school, as well as indicating potential attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Strategies are needed to limit these behaviors. Physical activity (PA) has been suggested to improve behavior in school-aged children, but little is known about this relationship in preschoolers. This study examined the effects of a PA intervention on classroom behaviors in preschool-aged children...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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