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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790268/ask-me-children-s-experiences-of-pain-explored-using-the-draw-write-and-tell-method
#1
Nicole Pope, Mary Tallon, Gavin Leslie, Sally Wilson
PURPOSE: Pain management within emergency departments (ED) remains challenging. Given that unrelieved pain in children is linked to a number of negative physiological and psychological consequences, optimal management of children's pain is paramount. Many studies exploring children's pain have adopted quantitative methods or sought the perspectives of adults. Compared to adults, studies examining children's views on pain and pain management are limited. This study aimed to explore children's pain experiences, their perception of pain management and expectations of the role of the nurse...
May 23, 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787491/detecting-cheating-when-testing-vision-variability-in-acuity-measures-reveals-misrepresentation
#2
Henrike Rianne Joanna Cornelie Ravensbergen, Belle I N A van Bree, Douwe M Broekens, David Lindsay Mann
SIGNIFICANCE: In certain scenarios, it is advantageous to misrepresent one's ability and "cheat" on vision tests. Our findings suggest that increased variability when testing visual acuity holds promise as a novel means to help detect this cheating and may generalize to other subjective tests of visual function. PURPOSE: People who cheat on vision tests generally do so to make their vision appear better than it actually is (e.g., for occupational or driving purposes)...
May 21, 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781668/the-brief-death-implicit-association-test-scoring-recommendations-reliability-validity-and-comparisons-with-the-death-implicit-association-test
#3
Alexander J Millner, Daniel D L Coppersmith, Bethany A Teachman, Matthew K Nock
Assessing suicidal thoughts and behaviors is difficult because at-risk individuals often fail to provide honest or accurate accounts of their suicidal thoughts or intentions. Research has shown that the Death Implicit Association Test (D-IAT), a behavioral test that measures implicit (i.e., outside of conscious control) associations between oneself and death concepts, can differentiate among people with different suicidal histories, such as those with different severity or recency of suicidal behaviors. We report here on the development and evaluation of a shorter and simpler version of the D-IAT called the Death Brief Implicit Association Test (D-BIAT)...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775556/let-s-talk-about-it-supporting-family-communication-during-end-of-life-care-of-pediatric-patients
#4
Meghan L Marsac, Christine Kindler, Danielle Weiss, Lindsay Ragsdale
BACKGROUND: Communication is key in optimizing medical care when a child is approaching end of life (EOL). Research is yet to establish best practices for how medical teams can guide intrafamily communication (including surviving siblings) when EOL care is underway or anticipated for a pediatric patient. While recommendations regarding how medical teams can facilitate communication between the medical team and the family exist, various barriers may prevent the implementation of these recommendations...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769053/understanding-conversations-about-alcohol-between-parents-and-their-15-17-year-olds-a-qualitative-study
#5
Alexandra Sawyer, Lester Coleman, Richard Cooke, Lisa Hodgson, Nigel Sherriff
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing awareness that parents can play an important role in shaping their children's attitudes towards alcohol and use of alcohol. However, there has been little research exploring the conversations parents have with their children about alcohol. The present study aims to address this gap by exploring conversations between parents and their 15-17 year old children. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional qualitative design, recruitment took place over two phases to allow a purposive maximum variation sample of parents and young people...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768124/the-importance-of-being-honest-correlating-self-report-accuracy-and-network-centrality-with-academic-performance
#6
Andrea Fronzetti Colladon, Francesca Grippa
This study investigates the correlation of self-report accuracy with academic performance. The sample was composed of 289 undergraduate students (96 senior and 193 junior) enrolled in two engineering classes. Age ranged between 22 and 24 years, with a slight over representation of male students (53%). Academic performance was calculated based on students' final grades in each class. The tendency to report inaccurate information was measured at the end of the Raven Progressive Matrices Test, by asking students to report their exact finishing times...
July 4, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767461/sex-differences-but-no-evidence-of-quantitative-honesty-in-the-warning-signals-of-six-spot-burnet-moths-zygaena-filipendulae-l
#7
Emmanuelle Sophie Briolat, Mika Zagrobelny, Carl Erik Olsen, Jonathan D Blount, Martin Stevens
The distinctive black and red wing pattern of six-spot burnet moths (Zygaena filipendulae, L.) is a classic example of aposematism, advertising their potent cyanide-based defences. While such warning signals provide a qualitatively honest signal of unprofitability, the evidence for quantitative honesty, whereby variation in visual traits could provide accurate estimates of individual toxicity, is more equivocal. Combining measures of cyanogenic glucoside content and wing colour from the perspective of avian predators, we investigate the relationship between coloration and defences in Z...
May 16, 2018: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762799/integrated-behavioral-health-care-in-family-medicine-residencies-a-cera-survey
#8
Christine Jacobs, Jay A Brieler, Joanne Salas, Renée M Betancourt, Peter F Cronholm
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Behavioral health integration (BHI) in primary care settings is critical to mental health care in the United States. Family medicine resident experience in BHI in family medicine residency (FMR) continuity clinics is essential preparation for practice. We surveyed FMR program directors to characterize the status of BHI in FMR training. METHODS: Using the Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) 2017 survey, FMR program directors (n=478, 261 respondents, 54...
May 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748717/ethical-challenges-in-resuscitation
#9
REVIEW
Spyros D Mentzelopoulos, Anne-Marie Slowther, Zoe Fritz, Claudio Sandroni, Theodoros Xanthos, Clifton Callaway, Gavin D Perkins, Craig Newgard, Eleni Ischaki, Robert Greif, Erwin Kompanje, Leo Bossaert
PURPOSE: A rapidly evolving resuscitation science provides more effective treatments to an aging population with multiple comorbidites. Concurrently, emergency care has become patient-centered. This review aims to describe challenges associated with the application of key principles of bioethics in resuscitation and post-resuscitation care; propose actions to address these challenges; and highlight the need for evidence-based ethics and consensus on ethical principles interpretation. METHODS: Following agreement on the article's outline, subgroups of 2-3 authors provided narrative reviews of ethical issues concerning autonomy and honesty, beneficence/nonmaleficence and dignity, justice, specific practices/circumstances such as family presence during resuscitation, and emergency research...
May 10, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748090/non-targeted-glycosidic-profiling-of-international-wines-using-neutral-loss-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#10
C Barnaba, E Dellacassa, G Nicolini, T Nardin, M Serra, R Larcher
Many metabolites naturally occur as glycosides, since sugar moieties can be crucial for their biological activity and increase their water solubility. In the plant kingdom they may occur as glycosides or sugar esters, depending on precursor chemical structure, and in wine they have traditionally attracted attention due to their organoleptic properties, such as astringency and bitterness, and because they affect the colour and aroma of wines. A new approach directed at detailed description of glycosides in a large selection of monovarietal wines (8 samples each of Pinot Blanc, Muller Thurgau, Riesling, Traminer, Merlot, Pinot Noir and Cabernet Sauvignon) was developed by combining high performance liquid chromatography with high resolution tandem mass spectrometry...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747630/reflection-revisited-how-physicians-conceptualize-and-experience-reflection-in-professional-practice-a-qualitative-study
#11
Elisa Bindels, Christel Verberg, Albert Scherpbier, Sylvia Heeneman, Kiki Lombarts
BACKGROUND: For the purpose of continuous performance improvement, physicians are expected to reflect on their practice. While many reflection studies are theoretically oriented and often prescriptive in the sense that they conceptualize what reflection should look like, the current study starts with practicing physicians themselves and maps how these physicians conceptualize and experience reflection in daily professional practice. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 13 hospital-based physicians from various specialties and institutions...
May 11, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722998/honor-among-thieves-the-interaction-of-team-and-member-deviance-on-trust-in-the-team
#12
Kira Schabram, Sandra L Robinson, Kevin S Cruz
In this article, we examine member trust in deviant teams. We contend that a member's trust in his or her deviant team depends on the member's own deviant actions; although all members will judge the actions of their deviant teams as rational evidence that they should not be trusted, deviant members, but not honest members, can hold on to trust in their teams because of a sense of connection to the team. We tested our predictions in a field study of 562 members across 111 teams and 24 organizations as well as in an experiment of 178 participants in deviant and non-deviant teams...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722032/high-frequency-ultrasonic-communication-in-a-critically-endangered-nocturnal-primate-claire-s-mouse-lemur-microcebus-mamiratra
#13
Alida F Hasiniaina, Marina Scheumann, Mamy Rina Evasoa, Diane Braud, Solofonirina Rasoloharijaona, Blanchard Randrianambinina, Elke Zimmermann
The critically endangered Claire's mouse lemur, only found in the evergreen rain forest of the National Park Lokobe (LNP) and a few lowland evergreen rain forest fragments of northern Madagascar, was described recently. The present study provides the first quantified information on vocal acoustics of calls, sound associated behavioral context, acoustic niche, and vocal activity of this species. We recorded vocal and social behavior of six male-female and six male-male dyads in a standardized social-encounter paradigm in June and July 2016 at the LNP, Nosy Bé island...
May 2, 2018: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708043/skill-based-and-planned-active-play-versus-free-play-effects-on-fundamental-movement-skills-in-preschoolers
#14
Lindsay Roach, Melanie Keats
Fundamental movement skill interventions are important for promoting physical activity, but the optimal intervention model for preschool children remains unclear. We compared two 8-week interventions, a structured skill-station and a planned active play approach, to a free-play control condition on pre- and postintervention fundamental movement skills. We also collected data regarding program attendance and perceived enjoyment. We found a significant interaction effect between intervention type and time. A Tukey honest significant difference analysis supported a positive intervention effect showing a significant difference between both interventions and the free-play control condition...
January 1, 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704488/bribery-games-on-interdependent-complex-networks
#15
Prateek Verma, Anjan K Nandi, Supratim Sengupta
Bribe demands present a social conflict scenario where decisions have wide-ranging economic and ethical consequences. Nevertheless, such incidents occur daily in many countries across the globe. Harassment bribery constitute a significant sub-set of such bribery incidents where a government official demands a bribe for providing a service to a citizen legally entitled to it. We employ an evolutionary game-theoretic framework to analyse the evolution of corrupt and honest strategies in structured populations characterized by an interdependent complex network...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703897/the-signalling-game-between-plants-and-pollinators
#16
Shan Sun, Michael I Leshowitz, Jan Rychtář
Plants can send floral signals to advertise their reward for pollinators. Based on the presence or absents of such signals, pollinators can determine whether to visit plants. Plants can send dishonest signals but foraging behaviours of pollinators can limit the cheating strategies of plants. We model the plant-pollinator interactions by the two-type Spence signalling game and investigate the conditions under which honest signalling can be established. In our model, plants either send costly signal or they do not...
April 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692569/effect-of-surface-treatments-on-the-retention-of-implant-supported-cement-retained-bridge-with-short-abutments-an-in-vitro-comparative-evaluation
#17
Monica Shrivastav
Statement of Problem: In clinical situations, short implant abutments create lack of retention with overlying cemented prosthesis. Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of different surface treatments on the retention of implant-supported cement-retained bridge with short implant abutments. Materials and Methods: Six straight Adin implant abutments of similar sizes (3 mm diameter × 3 mm height) were selected. All were divided into three groups ( n = 2): with circumferential grooves and sandblasting (G + SB), with a circumferential groove and bur modification (G + B) and third one taken as control...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688556/dynamics-of-nutrient-utilization-heat-production-and-body-composition-in-broiler-breeder-hens-during-egg-production
#18
Justina V Caldas, Katie Hilton, Nirun Boonsinchai, Judith A England, Andy Mauromoustakos, Craig N Coon
Changes in heat production (HP) and body composition (BC) in modern broiler breeders can provide means to understand nutrient utilization. Twelve Cobb 500 breeders were evaluated 10 times from 26 to 59 wk of age. The same wired caged breeders were moved to respiratory chambers connected to an indirect calorimetry to obtain oxygen consumption (VO2) and carbon dioxide production (VCO2), HP, and respiratory exchange ratio (RER). The same hens were evaluated for BC using a dual X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). Data were analyzed during light (16 h) and dark (8 h) period using a mixed model to evaluate calorimetry parameters, a factorial design 2 × 10 for normalized calorimetry parameters, and Complete Randomized Design (CRD)-one way ANOVA for BC...
April 24, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675691/the-importance-of-content-and-face-validity-in-instrument-development-lessons-learnt-from-service-users-when-developing-the-recovering-quality-of-life-measure-reqol
#19
Janice Connell, Jill Carlton, Andrew Grundy, Elizabeth Taylor Buck, Anju Devianee Keetharuth, Thomas Ricketts, Michael Barkham, Dan Robotham, Diana Rose, John Brazier
PURPOSE: Service user involvement in instrument development is increasingly recognised as important, but is often not done and seldom reported. This has adverse implications for the content validity of a measure. The aim of this paper is to identify the types of items that service users felt were important to be included or excluded from a new Recovering Quality of Life measure for people with mental health difficulties. METHODS: Potential items were presented to service users in face-to-face structured individual interviews and focus groups...
April 19, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670338/preference-for-anonymity-in-sperm-donation-for-artificial-insemination-an-experience-from-low-resource-settings-in-nigeria
#20
Euzebus Chinonye Ezugwu, George U Eleje, Chukwuemeka A Iyoke, Sunday G Mba, Henry C Nnaji, Chukwunonso I Enechukwu, Peter O Nkwo
Objective: Anonymous sperm donation is a common practice in Nigeria with its associated legal and ethical challenges. This study aimed to investigate infertile couples' opinions about issues of sperm donor anonymity and to determine factors that might influence their preferences. Methods: A cross-sectional, multicentered, questionnaire-based study was conducted among infertile couples attending infertility clinics in three tertiary hospitals in the south-eastern region of Nigeria over a period of 6 months...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
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