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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913635/skin-lipids-of-the-striped-plateau-lizard-sceloporus-virgatus-correlate-with-female-receptivity-and-reproductive-quality-alongside-visual-ornaments
#1
Jay K Goldberg, Alisa K Wallace, Stacey L Weiss
Sex pheromones can perform a variety of functions ranging from revealing the location of suitable mates to being honest signals of mate quality, and they are used in the mate selection process by many species of reptile. In this study, we determined whether the skin lipids of female striped plateau lizards (Sceloporus virgatus) can predict the reproductive quality of females, thereby having the potential to serve as pheromones. Using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, we identified 17 compounds present in skin lipids of female lizards...
September 14, 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913614/researchers-must-be-aware-of-their-roles-at-the-interface-of-ecosystem-services-science-and-policy
#2
Emilie Crouzat, Isabelle Arpin, Lucas Brunet, Matthew J Colloff, Francis Turkelboom, Sandra Lavorel
Scientists working on ecosystem service (ES) science are engaged in a mission-driven discipline. They can contribute to science-policy interfaces where knowledge is co-produced and used. How scientists engage with the governance arena to mobilise their knowledge remains a matter of personal choice, influenced by individual values. ES science cannot be considered neutral and a discussion of the values that shape it forms an important part of the sustainability dialogue. We propose a simple decision tree to help ES scientists identify their role and the purpose of the knowledge they produce...
September 14, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912675/deceptive-but-not-honest-manipulative-actions-are-associated-with-increased-interaction-between-middle-and-inferior-frontal-gyri
#3
Maxim Kireev, Alexander Korotkov, Natalia Medvedeva, Ruslan Masharipov, Svyatoslav Medvedev
The prefrontal cortex is believed to be responsible for execution of deceptive behavior and its involvement is associated with greater cognitive efforts. It is also generally assumed that deception is associated with the inhibition of default honest actions. However, the precise neurophysiological mechanisms underlying this process remain largely unknown. The present study was aimed to use functional magnetic resonance imaging to reveal the underlying functional integration within the prefrontal cortex during the task which requires that subjects to deliberately mislead an opponent through the sequential execution of deceptive and honest claims...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895679/a-modern-approach-to-the-management-of-patients-candidate-to-assisted-reproductive-technologies
#4
Roberta Venturella, Alberto Vaiarelli, Daniela Lico, Filippo M Ubaldi, Fulvio Zullo, Costantino DI Carlo
The growing use of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) and the incorrect information from mass media, determined in the public the wrong idea that the right moment of life for programming a pregnancy can be delayed well beyond the physiological fertile age. Spare and insufficient health authorities' interventions are driven to explain to the general population the reduction of the fertility potential of couples and particularly of women with advancing age. This situation, characterized by more and more women seeking for pregnancy after age 38-40 imposes to specialists in Reproductive Medicine an honest and transparent counselling...
September 12, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853163/effects-of-acknowledging-uncertainty-about-earthquake-risk-estimates-on-san-francisco-bay-area-residents-beliefs-attitudes-and-intentions
#5
Kazuya Nakayachi, Branden B Johnson, Kazuki Koketsu
We test here the risk communication proposition that explicit expert acknowledgment of uncertainty in risk estimates can enhance trust and other reactions. We manipulated such a scientific uncertainty message, accompanied by probabilities (20%, 70%, implicit ["will occur"] 100%) and time periods (10 or 30 years) in major (≥magnitude 8) earthquake risk estimates to test potential effects on residents potentially affected by seismic activity on the San Andreas fault in the San Francisco Bay Area (n = 750). The uncertainty acknowledgment increased belief that these specific experts were more honest and open, and led to statistically (but not substantively) significant increases in trust in seismic experts generally only for the 20% probability (vs...
August 29, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840900/-dimensions-of-work-ethic-as-predictors-of-strategies-to-cope-with-stress
#6
Damian Grabowski, Anita Pollak, Agnieszka Czerw
BACKGROUND: The article presents the mutual relations between the components of work ethic and the strategies of coping with stress used by employees of different branches. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Work ethic was presented as a syndrome of the following attitudes: perceiving work as a moral value, treating work as a central value in life, and the belief in the importance of hard work that leads to success. This ethic also consists of the following components: unwillingness to waste time, disapproval of spare time (anti-leisure), willingness to delay gratification, willingness to act honestly at work (morality/ethic), and being independent (self-reliance)...
August 25, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839415/cervical-and-incisal-marginal-discrepancy-in-ceramic-laminate-veneering-materials-a-sem-analysis
#7
Hemalatha Ranganathan, Dhanraj M Ganapathy, Ashish R Jain
CONTEXT: Marginal discrepancy influenced by the choice of processing material used for the ceramic laminate veneers needs to be explored further for better clinical application. AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the amount of cervical and incisal marginal discrepancy associated with different ceramic laminate veneering materials. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was an experimental, single-blinded, in vitro trial. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ten central incisors were prepared for laminate veneers with 2 mm uniform reduction and heavy chamfer finish line...
April 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792305/be-aware-of-extremism
#8
Sarah Hammerton
It's as simple as picking up the phone and making a referral. For those who have done Prevent training, it's about recognising the red flags; the same red flags as recognising vulnerabilities in safeguarding and making a referral there. I get that we are all busy and rushed off our feet, honestly I do. But it's not about spotting a bomb, it's about spotting a vulnerability early. We do it every day.
August 9, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765994/modulation-of-financial-deprivation-on-deception-and-its-neural-correlates
#9
Peng Sun, Xiaoli Ling, Li Zheng, Jia Chen, Lin Li, Zhiyuan Liu, Xuemei Cheng, Xiuyan Guo
Deception is a universal phenomenon in human society and plays an important role in everyday life. Previous studies have revealed that people might have an internalized moral norm of keeping honest and the deceptive behavior was reliably correlated with activation in executive brain regions of prefrontal cortices to over-ride intuitive honest responses. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, this study sought to investigate how financial position modulated the neural responses during deceptive decision...
August 1, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746066/automatic-honesty-forgoing-reward-acquisition-and-punishment-avoidance-a-functional-mri-investigation
#10
Mei Yoneda, Ryuhei Ueda, Hiroshi Ashida, Nobuhito Abe
Recent neuroimaging investigations into human honesty suggest that honest moral decisions in individuals who consistently behave honestly occur automatically, without the need for active self-control. However, it remains unclear whether this observation can be applied to two different types of honesty: honesty forgoing dishonest reward acquisition and honesty forgoing dishonest punishment avoidance. To address this issue, a functional MRI study, using an incentivized prediction task in which participants were confronted with real and repeated opportunities for dishonest gain leading to reward acquisition and punishment avoidance, was conducted...
September 27, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729717/dietary-constraints-can-preclude-the-expression-of-an-honest-chemical-sexual-signal
#11
Roberto García-Roa, Jorge Sáiz, Belén Gómara, Pilar López, José Martín
Identifying the factors that underlie signal divergences remains challenging in studies of animal communication. Regarding the chemical signalling, different compounds can be found in some species but be absent in others. We hypothesized that if the costs that are associated with the expression of some compounds are too high, their presence in the signal may be restricted. However, these compounds may be expressed and be functional when those costs are relaxed. Vitamin E (α-tocopherol), a dietary compound with metabolic relevancy, acts as an honest chemical sexual signal in many lizards but no in others such as the Carpetan Rock lizard (Iberolacerta cyreni)...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728513/ingratiation-attempts-in-real-life-determinants-of-their-success
#12
Helmut Lamm
A total of 272 students at a German university were asked to write down the story of an ingratiation attempt they had made and one they had received. They were then asked to reflect on each episode via a questionnaire. All but one participant reported that they had performed at least one of the four tactics postulated in Jones's ingratiation theory: compliments, favor-doing, opinion conformity, and positive self-presentation. In the case of received ingratiation, we found higher success ratings for nondependent (vs...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725412/corticosterone-a-costly-mediator-of-signal-honesty-in-sand-lizards
#13
Willow R Lindsay, Erik Wapstra, Bengt Silverin, Mats Olsson
The mechanisms underlying honest signal expression remain elusive and may involve the integration of social and physiological costs. Corticosterone is a socially modulated metabolic hormone that mediates energy investment and behavior and may therefore function to deter dishonest signal expression. We examined the relationship between corticosterone and green badge coloration in male sand lizards (Lacerta agilis), hypothesizing that physiological and behavioral costs resulting from elevated baseline glucocorticoids function in maintenance of honest signal expression...
October 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722000/comparative-evaluation-of-shear-bond-strength-of-zirconia-restorations-cleansed-various-cleansing-protocols-bonded-with-two-different-resin-cements-an-in-vitro-study
#14
Sriram Sankar, Vijay Venkatesh Kondas, Sihi Vahanan Dhanasekaran, Prem Kumar Elavarasu
CONTEXT: Yttria partially stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystalline restorations have gained widespread use because of its enhanced strength and esthetics. During the try-in process, zirconia is likely to be contaminated with saliva. This contamination leads to a clear weakening of the bond between restorative material and cement. For this reason, zirconia surface should be cleaned before cementation. Hence, the purpose of this study is to compare the shear bond strength of zirconia restorations cleansed with various surface cleansing protocols bonded with two different resin cements...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721329/effect-of-different-crown-materials-on-the-interleukin-one-beta-content-of-gingival-crevicular-fluid-in-endodontically-treated-molars-an-original-research
#15
Prathibha Saravanakumar, Padmanabhan Thallam Veeravalli, Anand Kumar V, Kasim Mohamed, Umamaheswari Mani, Manita Grover, Saravanan Thirumalai Thangarajan
INTRODUCTION: Crown materials used in fixed prosthodontics come into close and prolonged contact with the gingiva. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of different crown materials on the interleukin-one beta (IL-1β) content of the gingival crevicular fluid and to study which crown material causes the highest inflammation on the marginal gingiva on a biochemical basis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with single endodontically treated tooth were examined...
June 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715476/spot-on-for-liars-how-public-scrutiny-influences-ethical-behavior
#16
Andreas Ostermaier, Matthias Uhl
We examine whether people are more honest in public than in private. In a laboratory experiment, we have subjects roll dice and report outcomes either in public or in private. Higher reports yield more money and lies cannot be detected. We also elicit subjects' ethical mindsets and their expectations about others' reports. We find that outcome-minded subjects lie less in public to conform with their expectations about others' reports. Ironically, these expectations are false. Rule-minded subjects, in turn, do not respond to public scrutiny...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708339/-advance-directives-and-advance-care-planning
#17
Petra Vayne-Bossert, Christiane Vailloud, Dominique Ducloux, Caroline Matis, Laurence Déramé
Advance directives (AD) and Advance Care Planning (ACP) are two measures a person may undertake to assure that their treatment preferences will be respected until the end of his / her life. Anticipation is based on an open and honest communication between the patient, the durable medical power of attorney and the health care professionals. ADs and ACPs are based on a person's values and beliefs that are important to his quality of life. ACP is a continuing process, initiated by health care professionals and integrated into the health care plan of a person...
February 1, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707540/commentary-on-duty-of-candour-and-cancer-screening
#18
Rosalind Given-Wilson
English law mandates a duty of candour (DOC) for all healthcare providers. They must be open and honest when something goes wrong with care causing harm. Providers must apologise to those affected and investigate what happened. Screening is not 100% accurate and false positive and false negative results are inevitable. Guidance on DOC assists providers to judge when something has gone wrong in screening and the DOC legislation applies. DOC guidance helps to distinguish such incidents from harms which are an expected and inevitable consequence of the imperfections of screening tests...
July 14, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703926/difficult-conversations-adults-with-diabetes-and-the-discussion-of-microvascular-complications
#19
M D Ritholz, T MacNeil, K Weinger
AIMS: To investigate the experiences among adults with diabetes of discussions of microvascular complications and provide recommendations for providers. METHODS: We performed a qualitative study in 148 adults with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes (56% women, 95% white, mean age 60±13 years, 65% with Type 1 diabetes, 71% with ≥1 microvascular complication). Data were analysed using content analysis. RESULTS: At their first discussion of microvascular complications, 93% of participants (138/148) recalled providers using a preventative approach including clinical suggestions, factual information and warnings...
July 13, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701291/patterns-of-user-engagement-with-the-mobile-app-manage-my-pain-results-of-a-data-mining-investigation
#20
Quazi Abidur Rahman, Tahir Janmohamed, Meysam Pirbaglou, Paul Ritvo, Jane M Heffernan, Hance Clarke, Joel Katz
BACKGROUND: Pain is one of the most prevalent health-related concerns and is among the top 3 most common reasons for seeking medical help. Scientific publications of data collected from pain tracking and monitoring apps are important to help consumers and healthcare professionals select the right app for their use. OBJECTIVE: The main objectives of this paper were to (1) discover user engagement patterns of the pain management app, Manage My Pain, using data mining methods; and (2) identify the association between several attributes characterizing individual users and their levels of engagement...
July 12, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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