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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435369/in-vitro-comparative-evaluation-of-different-storage-media-hank-s-balanced-salt-solution-propolis-aloe-vera-and-pomegranate-juice-for-preservation-of-avulsed-tooth
#1
Prashant Babaji, Mahesh Melkundi, Raghu Devanna, B S Suresh, Vishwajit Rampratap Chaurasia, P V Gopinath
OBJECTIVES: Prognosis of the avulsed teeth is mostly affected by extraoral dry period and storage medium used to store teeth before reimplantation. However, ability of storage media can affect cell viability and success of treatment. Various storage media were tried with some success. The present study was undertaken to comparatively evaluate the efficacy of hank's balanced salt solution (HBSS), propolis, Aloe vera, and pomegranate juice (PJ) in preserving the vitality of periodontal ligament (PDL) cells of avulsed teeth...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428673/migrant-general-practitioners-experiences-of-using-interpreters-in-health-care-a-qualitative-explorative-study
#2
Ferid Krupic, Kristian Samuelsson, Nabi Fatahi, Olof Skoldenberg, Arkan S Sayed-Noor
BACKGROUND: According to the UNHCR, 250 million people currently live outside their country of birth. The growing multicultural population poses a major challenge to healthcare professionals who aim to provide individualized, holistic care, which respects the individual's autonomy. To ensure basic rights, healthcare interventions should be guided by the value of benefiting others; individuals should be treated honestly, equally, and impartially. OBJECTIVE: To investigate immigrant doctors' experiences of using interpreters in the Swedish health-care system...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420653/david-oliver-choosing-to-be-honest-about-patient-choice
#3
David Oliver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415909/detecting-coached-neuropsychological-dysfunction-a-simulation-experiment-regarding-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Lily Lau, Michael R Basso, Eduardo Estevis, Ashley Miller, Douglas M Whiteside, Dennis Combs, Timothy J Arentsen
OBJECTIVE: Performance validity tests (PVTs) and symptom validity tests (SVTs) are often administered during neuropsychological evaluations. Examinees may be coached to avoid detection by measures of response validity. Relatively little research has evaluated whether graduated levels of coaching has differential effects upon PVT and SVT performance. Accordingly, the present experiment evaluated the effect of graduated levels of coaching upon the classification accuracy of commonly used PVTs and SVTs and the currently accepted criterion of failing two or more PVTs or SVTs...
April 18, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414608/mechanobehavioral-scores-in-women-with-and-without-tmj-disc-displacement
#5
L R Iwasaki, Y M Gonzalez, Y Liu, H Liu, M Markova, L M Gallo, J C Nickel
Cartilage fatigue may be a factor in the precocious development of degenerative changes in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). This cross-sectional study estimated potential for cartilage fatigue via TMJ energy densities (ED) and jaw muscle duty factors (DF), which were combined to calculate mechanobehavioral scores (MBS) in women with (+) and without (-) bilateral TMJ disc displacement (DD). All subjects gave informed consent to participate and were examined using Diagnostic Criteria (DC) for Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) and magnetic resonance (MR) and computed tomography (CT) images...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406552/auckland-regional-emergency-medicine-trainee-mentoring-uptake-survey
#6
Gordon Michael Mike Nicholls, Emma Lawrey, Peter Jones
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study is to quantify how many Auckland region emergency medicine (EM) trainees would like a formal mentoring programme. The secondary objectives were to quantify how many Auckland region EM trainees would like to participate in a formal mentoring programme; to determine trainees' current understanding of mentoring; how trainees prefer mentors to be allocated; why trainees may want a mentor; what mentees perceive would be good qualities in a mentor; and trainees' prior experience with mentoring...
April 12, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405529/defining-health-in-the-era-of-value-based-care-lessons-from-england-of-relevance-to-other-health-systems
#7
REVIEW
Sarah Gentry, Padmanabhan Badrinath
The demand for healthcare is rising due to aging populations, rising chronic disease prevalence, and technological innovations. There are currently more effective and cost-effective interventions available than can be afforded within limited budgets. A new way of thinking about the optimal use of resources is needed. Ensuring that available resources are used for interventions that provide outcomes that patient's most value, rather than a focus just on effectiveness and cost-effectiveness, may help to ensure that resources are used optimally...
March 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396395/increasing-honesty-in-humans-with-noninvasive-brain-stimulation
#8
Michel André Maréchal, Alain Cohn, Giuseppe Ugazio, Christian C Ruff
Honesty plays a key role in social and economic interactions and is crucial for societal functioning. However, breaches of honesty are pervasive and cause significant societal and economic problems that can affect entire nations. Despite its importance, remarkably little is known about the neurobiological mechanisms supporting honest behavior. We demonstrate that honesty can be increased in humans with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Participants (n = 145) completed a die-rolling task where they could misreport their outcomes to increase their earnings, thereby pitting honest behavior against personal financial gain...
April 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391774/exploring-the-sensitivity-of-the-personality-assessment-inventory-symptom-validity-tests-in-detecting-response-bias-in-a-mixed-neuropsychological-outpatient-sample
#9
Owen J Gaasedelen, Douglas M Whiteside, Michael Basso
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have evaluated the symptom validity tests (SVTs) within the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) in a neuropsychological assessment context. Accordingly, the present study explored the accuracy of PAI SVTs in identifying exaggerated cognitive dysfunction in a mixed sample of outpatients referred for neuropsychological assessment. METHOD: Participants who failed two or more Performance Validity Tests (PVTs) were classified as having exaggerated cognitive dysfunction (n = 49)...
April 10, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370748/final-assessment-of-nursing-students-in-clinical-practice-perspectives-of-nursing-teachers-students-and-mentors
#10
Kristiina Helminen, Martin Johnson, Hannu Isoaho, Hannele Turunen, Kerttu Tossavainen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to describe the phenomenon of final assessment of the clinical practice of nursing students and to examine whether there were differences in assessments by the students and their teachers and mentors. BACKGROUND: Final assessment of students in clinical practice during their education has great importance for ensuring that enough high quality nursing students are trained, as assessment tasks affect what the nursing student learns during the clinical practice...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356333/patients-reports-of-adverse-events-a-data-linkage-study-of-australian-adults-aged-45-years-and-over
#11
Merrilyn Margaret Walton, Reema Harrison, Patrick Kelly, Jennifer Smith-Merry, Elizabeth Manias, Christine Jorm, Rick Iedema
BACKGROUND: Understanding a patient's hospital experience is fundamental to improving health services and policy, yet, little is known about their experiences of adverse events (AEs). This study redresses this deficit by investigating the experiences of patients in New South Wales hospitals who suffered an AE. METHODS: Data linkage was used to identify a random sample of 20 000 participants in the 45 and Up Cohort Study, out of 267 153 adults aged 45 years and over, who had been hospitalised in the prior 6 months...
March 29, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343670/comparison-of-porcelain-bond-strength-of-different-metal-frameworks-prepared-by-using-conventional-and-recently-introduced-fabrication-methods
#12
Necati Kaleli, Duygu Saraç
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Most studies evaluating dental laser sintering systems have focused on the marginal accuracy of the restorations. However, the bond strength at the metal-ceramic interface is another important factor that affects the survival of restorations, and currently, few studies focus on this aspect. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the porcelain bond strength of cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) metal frameworks prepared by using the conventional lost-wax technique, milling, direct metal laser sintering (DMLS), and laser cusing, a direct process powder-bed system...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343654/negative-concordant-t-waves-during-paced-ventricular-rhythm-an-honest-enemy-is-better-than-a-false-friend
#13
Irene di Matteo, Pasquale Crea
The ECG diagnosis of myocardial infarction and ischemia in pacemaker patients is often challenging. The three criteria, proposed by Sgarbossa et al. in 1996, useful to suspect myocardial ischaemia in patient with left bundle branch block were demonstrated to be valid also in pacemaker patients. In the last years, concordant negative T waves in patients with ventricular paced rhythm were linked to various expressions of acute myocardial injury. If available, comparison with previous ECG is crucial. Partial persistence of cardiac memory during fusion beats created an anomalous concordance between negative T waves and QRS axis and could induce erroneous suspicions...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342450/scientific-feuds-polemics-and-ad-hominem-arguments-in-basic-and-special-interest-genetics
#14
Elof Axel Carlson
Scientific disputes are commonly presented and settled in journal publications. Most are resolved by a weighing of evidence and new findings. In some cases the arguments are personal and in the form of ad hominem attacks on the personality or integrity of an author of a journal article. Many famous scientists (e.g., Galileo, Newton, and Hooke) used ad hominem arguments in responding to their critics. William Bateson, W.F.R. Weldon, William Castle, and H.J. Muller used ad hominem arguments in their publications until the end of World War I, when editorial policy of journals changed...
January 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300431/the-psychometric-costs-of-applicants-faking-examining-measurement-invariance-and-retest-correlations-across-response-conditions
#15
Georg Krammer, Markus Sommer, Martin E Arendasy
This study examines the stability of the response process and the rank-order of respondents responding to 3 personality scales in 4 different response conditions. Applicants to the University College of Teacher Education Styria (N = 243) completed personality scales as part of their college admission process. Half a year later, they retook the same personality scales in 1 of 3 randomly assigned experimental response conditions: honest, faking-good, or reproduce. Longitudinal means and covariance structure analyses showed that applicants' response processes could be partially reproduced after half a year, and respondents seemed to rely on an honest response behavior as a frame of reference...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289681/thanatophobia-death-anxiety-in-the-elderly-the-problem-of-the-child-s-inability-to-assess-their-own-parent-s-death-anxiety-state
#16
Gary Sinoff
Thanatophobia is omnipresent in our lives. Research has shown separate but connected constructs: fear of death or fear of the dying process. The influences on death anxiety are varied including religiosity, gender, psychological state, and age. It is often assumed by the children of the elderly that the fear of death is prevalent in their parents. Daily the medical staff encounters the presence of death anxiety: from family members or the staff itself. In order to understand this phenomenon, a three-tier study was conducted on non-terminal elderly inpatients in an acute geriatric care ward...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282393/free-to-help-an-experiment-on-free-will-belief-and-altruism
#17
Job Harms, Kellie Liket, John Protzko, Vera Schölmerich
How does belief in free will affect altruistic behavior? In an online experiment we undermine subjects' belief in free will through a priming task. Subjects subsequently conduct a series of binary dictator games in which they can distribute money between themselves and a charity that supports low-income people in developing countries. In each decision task, subjects choose between two different distributions, one of which is more generous towards the charity. In contrast to previous experiments that report a negative effect of undermining free will on honest behavior and self-reported willingness to help, we find an insignificant average treatment effect...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279541/use-of-a-respondent-generated-personal-code-for-matching-anonymous-adolescent-surveys-in-longitudinal-studies
#18
Lisa Ripper, Samantha Ciaravino, Kelley Jones, Maria Catrina D Jaime, Elizabeth Miller
PURPOSE: Research on sensitive and private topics relies heavily on self-reported responses. Social desirability bias may reduce the accuracy and reliability of self-reported responses. Anonymous surveys appear to improve the likelihood of honest responses. A challenge with prospective research is maintaining anonymity while linking individual surveys over time. METHODS: We have tested a secret code method in which participants create their own code based on eight questions that are not expected to change...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275937/-re-disclosing-physician-financial-interests-rebuilding-trust-or-making-unreasonable-burdens-on-physicians
#19
Daniel Sperling
Recent professional guidelines published by the General Medical Council instruct physicians in the UK to be honest and open in any financial agreements they have with their patients and third parties. These guidelines are in addition to a European policy addressing disclosure of physician financial interests in the industry. Similarly, In the US, a national open payments program as well as Federal regulations under the Affordable Care Act re-address the issue of disclosure of physician financial interests in America...
March 8, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259213/movement-advocacy-personal-relationships-and-ending-health-care-disparities
#20
Marshall H Chin
Deep-rooted structural problems drive health care disparities. Compounding the difficulty of attaining health equity, solutions in clinics and hospitals require the cooperation of clinicians, administrators, patients, and the community. Recent protests over police brutality and racism on campuses across America have opened fresh wounds over how best to end racism, with lessons for achieving health equity. Movement advocacy, the mobilizing of the people to raise awareness of an injustice and to advocate for reform, can break down ingrained structural barriers and policies that impede health equity...
April 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
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