keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Be honest

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904091/erratum-to-application-of-addition-cured-silicone-denture-relining-materials-to-adjust-mouthguards
#1
Shintaro Fukasawa, Hiroshi Churei, Ruman Uddin Chowdhury, Takahiro Shirako, Sharika Shahrin, Abhishekhi Shrestha, Takahiro Wada, Motohiro Uo, Hidekazu Takahashi, Toshiaki Ueno
The purposes of this study were to examine the shock absorption capability of addition-cured silicone denture relining materials and the bonding strength of addition-cured silicone denture relining materials and a commercial mouthguard material to determine its applicability to mouthguard adjustment. Two addition-cured silicone denture relining materials were selected as test materials. The impact test was applied by a free-falling steel ball. On the other hand, bonding strength was determined by a delamination test...
2016: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903876/handicap-principle-implies-emergence-of-dimorphic-ornaments
#2
Sara M Clifton, Rosemary I Braun, Daniel M Abrams
Species spanning the animal kingdom have evolved extravagant and costly ornaments to attract mating partners. Zahavi's handicap principle offers an elegant explanation for this: ornaments signal individual quality, and must be costly to ensure honest signalling, making mate selection more efficient. Here, we incorporate the assumptions of the handicap principle into a mathematical model and show that they are sufficient to explain the heretofore puzzling observation of bimodally distributed ornament sizes in a variety of species...
November 30, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898142/sv%C3%A3-ra-samtal-med-patienter-tr%C3%A3-nas-p%C3%A3-kurs-med-sk%C3%A3-despelare-en-medveten-strategi-hj%C3%A3-lper-b%C3%A3-de-l%C3%A3-kare-och-patient
#3
Anders Danielsson, Hanna Dahlstrand, Franziska Edvinsson, Mattias Tranberg, Anna Wrangsjö, Carl-Johan Fürst
The physician's communication skill influences the patient's mental and physical wellbeing, as well as the physician's own experience of stress. Most patients wish to be informed about their disease, by physicians who are honest, gives time, sustains hope, listens and shows compassion and empathy. Even though there are established guidelines on how to break bad news, the physician must find out and respond to the unique reactions and needs of each individual, in order to communicate successfully. There is no consensus on how to construct and evaluate communication skills training programs for physicians, and more RCT-studies are requested...
November 22, 2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893213/reliability-and-validity-of-data-obtained-from-alcohol-cannabis-and-gambling-populations-on-amazon-s-mechanical-turk
#4
Hyoun S Kim, David C Hodgins
Researchers recently have begun using Mechanical Turk (MTurk), an online crowdsourcing platform, to recruit addiction populations. However, whether the data obtained from substance users and gamblers on MTurk are reliable and valid is unknown. Herein, we assessed the internal and retest reliability of and concurrent and convergent validity of data obtained from addiction populations on MTurk. Current drinkers (N = 208), cannabis users (N = 200), and gamblers (N = 200) residing in the United States completed measures of alcohol, cannabis, and gambling severity, psychological constructs (e...
November 28, 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883016/sexual-display-complexity-varies-non-linearly-with-age-and-predicts-breeding-status-in-greater-flamingos
#5
Charlotte Perrot, Arnaud Béchet, Céline Hanzen, Antoine Arnaud, Roger Pradel, Frank Cézilly
The long-lived greater flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus) is famous for performing conspicuous group displays during which adults try to acquire a new mate each year with varying success. We examined variation in the sexual display complexity (SDC) of wild flamingos aged between 4 and 37 yrs. SDC was defined as the product of richness (the number of different display movements) and versatility (the number of transitions between movements) within a 5 min behavioral sequence. In both sexes, date in the pairing season had a linear and positive effect on SDC, whereas age had a quadratic effect, with SDC increasing until about age 20yrs, and declining afterwards...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881746/neotropical-wrens-learn-new-duet-rules-as-adults
#6
Karla D Rivera-Cáceres, Esmeralda Quirós-Guerrero, Marcelo Araya-Salas, William A Searcy
Although song development in songbirds has been much studied as an analogue of language development in humans, the development of vocal interaction rules has been relatively neglected in both groups. Duetting avian species provide an ideal model to address the acquisition of interaction rules as duet structure involves time and pattern-specific relationships among the vocalizations from different individuals. In this study, we address the development of the most striking properties of duets: the specific answering rules that individuals use to link their own phrase types to those of their partners (duet codes) and precise temporal coordination...
November 30, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881524/why-articles-are-retracted-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study-of-retraction-notices-at-biomed-central
#7
Elizabeth C Moylan, Maria K Kowalczuk
OBJECTIVES: To assess why articles are retracted from BioMed Central journals, whether retraction notices adhered to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and are becoming more frequent as a proportion of published articles. DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis of 134 retractions from January 2000 to December 2015. RESULTS: 134 retraction notices were published during this timeframe. Although they account for 0...
November 23, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878160/chemo-enzymatic-modification-of-eukaryotic-mrna
#8
Fabian Muttach, Nils Muthmann, Andrea Rentmeister
Messenger RNA may not be very abundant in the cell but its central role in gene expression is indisputable. In addition to being the template for translation it can be subject for a variety of regulatory mechanisms affecting gene expression, ranging from simple structural changes to modifications and active transport. To elucidate and potentially control the underlying changes in vitro and in cells, site-specific modification and labeling strategies are required. In this perspective, we introduce chemo-enzymatic concepts for posttranscriptional modification focusing on eukaryotic mRNAs...
November 23, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878059/assessment-of-online-patient-education-materials-from-major-dermatologic-associations
#9
Ann M John, Elizabeth S John, David R Hansberry, William Clark Lambert
Objective: Patients increasingly use the internet to find medical information regarding their conditions and treatments. Physicians often supplement visits with written education materials. Online patient education materials from major dermatologic associations should be written at appropriate reading levels to optimize utility for patients. The purpose of this study is to assess online patient education materials from major dermatologic associations and determine if they are written at the fourth to sixth grade level recommended by the American Medical Association and National Institutes of Health...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875473/committee-opinion-no-681-disclosure-and-discussion-of-adverse-events
#10
(no author information available yet)
Adverse outcomes, preventable or otherwise, are a reality of medical care. Most importantly, adverse events affect patients, but they also affect health care practitioners. Disclosing information about adverse events has benefits for the patient and the physician and, ideally, strengthens the patient-physician relationship and promotes trust. Studies show that after an adverse outcome, patients expect and want timely and full disclosure of the event, an acknowledgment of responsibility, an understanding of what happened, expressions of sympathy, and a discussion of what is being done to prevent recurrence...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875470/committee-opinion-no-681-summary-disclosure-and-discussion-of-adverse-events
#11
(no author information available yet)
Adverse outcomes, preventable or otherwise, are a reality of medical care. Most importantly, adverse events affect patients, but they also affect health care practitioners. Disclosing information about adverse events has benefits for the patient and the physician and, ideally, strengthens the patient-physician relationship and promotes trust. Studies show that after an adverse outcome, patients expect and want timely and full disclosure of the event, an acknowledgment of responsibility, an understanding of what happened, expressions of sympathy, and a discussion of what is being done to prevent recurrence...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864914/the-lek-mating-system-of-the-worm-pipefish-nerophis-lumbriciformis-a-molecular-maternity-analysis-and-test-of-the-phenotype-linked-fertility-hypothesis
#12
N M Monteiro, D Carneiro, A Antunes, N Queiroz, M N Vieira, A G Jones
The origin and maintenance of mating preferences continues to be an important and controversial topic in sexual selection research. Leks and lek-like mating systems, where individuals gather in particular spots for the sole purpose of mate choice, are particularly puzzling, because the strong directional selection imposed by mate choice should erode genetic variation among competing individuals and negate any benefit for the choosing sex. Here, we take advantage of the lek-like mating system of the worm pipefish (Nerophis lumbriciformis) to test the phenotype-linked fertility hypothesis for the maintenance of mating preferences...
November 19, 2016: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863859/effect-of-fiber-posts-on-the-fracture-resistance-of-maxillary-central-incisors-with-class-iii-restorations-an-in%C3%A2-vitro-study
#13
Mohammed Abduljawad, Abdulaziz Samran, Jadalkareem Kadour, Wassim Karzoun, Matthias Kern
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Endodontically treated teeth with Class III restorations show reduced fracture resistance. The placement of glass fiber posts may affect fracture resistance and should be further evaluated. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of fiber posts on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated maxillary central incisors with Class III restorations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty extracted human maxillary central incisors were selected and divided into 4 test groups (n=10 each) according to the restoration strategy: control group; endodontically treated teeth without endodontic posts (GHT); endodontically treated teeth with 2 Class III restorations simulating coronal destruction (GCT); endodontically treated teeth with 2 Class III restorations and a carbon fiber post (GCF); and endodontically treated teeth with 2 Class III restorations and a glass-fiber post (GGF)...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855949/-general-and-ethical-considerations-for-the-informed-consent-process-guidelines-from-the-francophone-society-of-bone-marrow-transplantation-and-cellular-therapy-sfgm-tc
#14
Jean-Baptiste Thibert, Alice Polomeni, Ibrahim Yakoub-Agha, Dominique Bordessoule
Informed consent is not restricted to clinical research and must be applied to high-risk care such as hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. If standardized informed consent might improve inequalities in medical practices between different transplantation centers, it is strongly recommended that it be adapted with an honest dialogue between physicians and patients and physicians and donors. In an attempt to harmonize clinical practices among French hematopoietic stem cell transplantation centers, the Francophone Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy (SFGM-TC) held its sixth annual workshop series in September 2015 in Lille...
November 2016: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853577/chemical-communication-is-not-sufficient-to-explain-reproductive-inhibition-in-the-bumblebee-bombus-impatiens
#15
Mario Padilla, Etya Amsalem, Naomi Altman, Abraham Hefetz, Christina M Grozinger
Reproductive division of labour is a hallmark of eusociality, but disentangling the underlying proximate mechanisms can be challenging. In bumblebees, workers isolated from the queen can activate their ovaries and lay haploid, male eggs. We investigated if volatile, contact, visual or behavioural cues produced by the queen or brood mediate reproductive dominance in Bombus impatiens. Exposure to queen-produced volatiles, brood-produced volatiles and direct contact with pupae did not reduce worker ovary activation; only direct contact with the queen could reduce ovary activation...
October 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821738/sibling-conflict-and-dishonest-signaling-in-birds
#16
Shana M Caro, Stuart A West, Ashleigh S Griffin
Offspring survival can often depend on successful communication with parents about their state of need. Theory suggests that offspring will be less likely to honestly signal their need when they experience greater competition from either a greater number of nestmates or less-related nestmates. We found support for this hypothesis with a comparative analysis, examining data from across 60 species of birds. We found that offspring are less honest about their level of need when (i) they face competition from current siblings; (ii) their parents are likely to breed again, and so they are in competition with future siblings; and (iii) parental divorce or death means that they are likely to be less related to future siblings...
November 29, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805952/improving-learner-handovers-in-medical-education
#17
Eric J Warm, Robert Englander, Anne Pereira, Paul Barach
Multiple studies have demonstrated that the information included in the Medical Student Performance Evaluation fails to reliably predict medical students' future performance. This faulty transfer of information can lead to harm when poorly prepared students fail out of residency or, worse, are shuttled through the medical education system without an honest accounting of their performance. Such poor learner handovers likely arise from two root causes: (1) the absence of agreed-on outcomes of training and/or accepted assessments of those outcomes, and (2) the lack of standardized ways to communicate the results of those assessments...
November 1, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798310/social-costs-enforce-honesty-of-a-dynamic-signal-of-motivation
#18
Russell A Ligon, Kevin J McGraw
Understanding the processes that promote signal reliability may provide important insights into the evolution of diverse signalling strategies among species. The signals that animals use to communicate must comprise mechanisms that prohibit or punish dishonesty, and social costs of dishonesty have been demonstrated for several fixed morphological signals (e.g. colour badges of birds and wasps). The costs maintaining the honesty of dynamic signals, which are more flexible and potentially cheatable, are unknown...
October 26, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780799/internet-support-for-dealing-with-problematic-alcohol-use-a-survey-of-the-soberistas-online-community
#19
Julia M A Sinclair, Sophia E Chambers, Christopher C Manson
AIMS: Advances in technology have led to an increased range of possibilities for forms of mutual aid in addictions, and patient empowerment in the management of long-term conditions. However, the effective processes involved may be different online than for those that meet in person. Soberistas is a 'social network site for people who are trying to resolve their problematic drinking patterns'. We aim to describe the population, component parts and processes that define this online community, and consider potential mechanisms of action for future research...
October 25, 2016: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766151/coloured-ornamental-traits-could-be-effective-and-non-invasive-indicators-of-pollution-exposure-for-wildlife
#20
Natalia Lifshitz, Colleen Cassady St Clair
Growth in human populations causes habitat degradation for other species, which is usually gauged by physical changes to landscapes. Corresponding habitat degradation to air and water is also common, but its effects on individuals can be difficult to detect until they result in the decline or disappearance of populations. More proactive measures of pollution usually combine abiotic samples of soil, water or air with invasive sampling of expendable species, but this approach sometimes creates ethical dilemmas and has limited application for threatened species...
2016: Conservation Physiology
keyword
keyword
62033
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"