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Inequalities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934760/rare-cancers-the-greatest-inequality-in-cancer-research-and-oncology-treatment
#1
EDITORIAL
Muhammad A Alvi, Richard H Wilson, Manuel Salto-Tellez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933884/critical-action-as-a-pathway-to-social-mobility-among-marginalized-youth
#2
Luke J Rapa, Matthew A Diemer, Josefina Bañales
Marginalized youth's development occurs in contexts rife with racialized, gendered, and socioeconomic social identity threats and barriers to social mobility. An emergent line of inquiry suggests critical action-a component of critical consciousness, defined as engaging in individual or collective social action to produce social change-may bolster career development for those experiencing marginalization. Yet, the specific mechanisms underlying critical action-career development associations are not well understood...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933772/horizontal-inequity-in-health-care-utilization-among-the-middle-aged-and-elderly-in-china
#3
Chaofan Li, Lei Dou, Haipeng Wang, Shanshan Jing, Aitian Yin
BACKGROUND: Equitable utilization of health care is a primary goal of the Chinese health system. This study aimed to examine horizontal inequity in health care utilization and identify the factors resulting in inequity among the middle-aged and elderly in China. METHODS: The data were obtained from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). We employed the concentration index (CI) and horizontal inequity (HI) to measure inequity in health care utilization...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933747/facilitators-of-physical-activity-voices-of-adolescents-in-a-disadvantaged-community
#4
Linus Jonsson, Christina Berg, Christel Larsson, Peter Korp, Eva-Carin Lindgren
Despite increasing socioeconomic inequalities in the health and well-being of adolescents, the voices of adolescents in disadvantaged communities regarding facilitators of physical activity (PA) have received relatively little attention. In response, the purpose of this study was to illuminate what adolescents in a multicultural community of low socioeconomic status (SES) in Sweden convey concerning facilitators of PA. Adolescents (n = 53, aged 12-13 years) were recruited from a school in a multicultural community of low SES in Sweden...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932101/a-new-upper-bound-of-geometric-constant-formula-see-text
#5
Jin Huan Li, Bo Ling, San Yang Liu
A new constant [Formula: see text] is introduced into any real [Formula: see text]-dimensional symmetric normed space X. By virtue of this constant, an upper bound of the geometric constant [Formula: see text], which is used to measure the difference between Birkhoff orthogonality and isosceles orthogonality, is obtained and further extended to an arbitrary m-dimensional symmetric normed linear space ([Formula: see text]). As an application, the result is used to prove a special case for the reverse Hölder inequality...
2017: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932100/generalized-geometrically-convex-functions-and-inequalities
#6
Muhammad Aslam Noor, Khalida Inayat Noor, Farhat Safdar
In this paper, we introduce and study a new class of generalized functions, called generalized geometrically convex functions. We establish several basic inequalities related to generalized geometrically convex functions. We also derive several new inequalities of the Hermite-Hadamard type for generalized geometrically convex functions. Several special cases are discussed, which can be deduced from our main results.
2017: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932099/optimal-convex-combination-bounds-of-geometric-and-neuman-means-for-toader-type-mean
#7
Yue-Ying Yang, Wei-Mao Qian
In this paper, we prove that the double inequalities [Formula: see text] hold for all [Formula: see text] with [Formula: see text] if and only if [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] , [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] , where [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] are the Toader, geometric, arithmetic and two Neuman means of a and b, respectively.
2017: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932098/tur%C3%A3-n-type-inequalities-for-generalized-mittag-leffler-function
#8
Xiang Kai Dou, Li Yin
In this paper, we show several Turán type inequalities for a generalized Mittag-Leffler function with four parameters via the [Formula: see text]-gamma function.
2017: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932097/an-extended-inequality-approach-for-evaluating-decision-making-units-with-a-single-output
#9
Xiao-Li Meng, Fu-Gui Shi
In this work, an extended evaluation approach for decision making units (DMUs) with a single output is proposed. Firstly, the input and output data for each DMU are changed in the same proportion until all the outputs are equal, and then the coordinate system is established with input i as the ith coordinate axis. Secondly, in the coordinate system, the production possibility set, which is spanned by all the DMUs without the evaluated DMU, is expressed by inequalities. Moreover, the mathematical expression of the line segment joining the origin to the evaluated DMU is given...
2017: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931416/social-disparities-in-food-preparation-behaviours-a-dedipac-study
#10
Caroline Méjean, Wendy Si Hassen, Séverine Gojard, Pauline Ducrot, Aurélie Lampuré, Hans Brug, Nanna Lien, Mary Nicolaou, Michelle Holdsworth, Laura Terragni, Serge Hercberg, Katia Castetbon
BACKGROUND: The specific role of major socio-economic indicators in influencing food preparation behaviours could reveal distinct socio-economic patterns, thus enabling mechanisms to be understood that contribute to social inequalities in health. This study investigated whether there was an independent association of each socio-economic indicator (education, occupation, income) with food preparation behaviours. METHODS: A total of 62,373 adults participating in the web-based NutriNet-Santé cohort study were included in our cross-sectional analyses...
September 20, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931392/income-related-inequality-and-influencing-factors-a-study-for-the-incidence-of-catastrophic-health-expenditure-in-rural-china
#11
Hai Gu, Yun Kou, Zhiwen Yan, Yilei Ding, Jusheng Shieh, Jun Sun, Nan Cui, Qianjing Wang, Hua You
BACKGROUND: Catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) puts a heavy disease burden on patients' families, aggravating income-related inequality. In an attempt to reduce the financial risks of rural families incurring CHE, China began the New Rural Cooperative Medical System (NCMS) on a trial basis in 2003 and has raised the reimbursement rates continuously since then. Based on statistical data about rural families in sample area of Jiangsu province, this study measures the incidence of CHE, analyzes socioeconomic inequality related to CHE, and explores the influences of the NCMS on the incidence of CHE...
September 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931385/internet-use-ehealth-literacy-and-attitudes-toward-computer-internet-among-people-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study-in-two-distant-european-regions
#12
Christina Athanasopoulou, Maritta Välimäki, Katerina Koutra, Eliisa Löttyniemi, Antonios Bertsias, Maria Basta, Alexandros N Vgontzas, Christos Lionis
BACKGROUND: Individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders use the Internet for general and health-related purposes. Their ability to find, understand, and apply the health information they acquire online in order to make appropriate health decisions - known as eHealth literacy - has never been investigated. The European agenda strives to limit health inequalities and enhance mental health literacy. Nevertheless, each European member state varies in levels of Internet use and online health information-seeking...
September 20, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931349/human-rights-and-access-to-healthcare-services-for-indigenous-peoples-in-africa
#13
Ebenezer Durojaye
In September 2015, the United Nations adopted the sustainable development goals (SDGs) to address among others poverty and inequality within and among countries of the world. In particular, the SDGs aim at ameliorating the position of disadvantaged and vulnerable groups in societies. One of the over-arching goals of the SDGs is to ensure that no one is left behind in the realisation of their access to health care. African governments are obligated under international and regional human rights law to ensure access to healthcare services for everyone, including indigenous populations, on a non-discriminatory basis...
September 20, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931228/civil-registration-and-vital-statistics-emergencies-and-international-law-understanding-the-intersection
#14
Claire E Brolan, Hebe Gouda
Civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems are typically run by governments to record every birth, adoption, death, marriage, and divorce that occurs among a country's population. Registration of vital events provides individuals with a formal relationship with the State and each other, and is the foundation of a person's identity, nationality, and legal status. At a population level, vital statistics are essential for effective planning and implementation of policies and services. Globally, strong CRVS systems are increasingly recognised as a crucial backbone for redressing health inequities and as a priority in strengthening global health and development efforts...
May 1, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931117/migrant-tuberculosis-patient-needs-and-health-system-response-along-the-thailand-myanmar-border
#15
Naomi Tschirhart, Francois Nosten, Angel M Foster
This article aims to identify how the health system in Tak province, Thailand has responded to migrants' barriers to tuberculosis (TB) treatment. Our qualitatively driven multi-methods project utilized focus group discussions, key informant interviews, and a survey of community health volunteers to collect data in 2014 from multiple perspectives. Migrants identified legal status and transportation difficulties as the primary barriers to seeking TB treatment. Lack of financial resources and difficulties locating appropriate and affordable health services in other Thai provinces or across the border in Myanmar further contributed to migrants' challenges...
October 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930623/multipartner-fertility-in-nicaragua-complex-family-formation-in-a-low-income-setting
#16
Kammi K Schmeer, Jake Hays
CONTEXT: Multipartner fertility (having children with more than one partner) is an important topic in demographic research, but little is known about its incidence and correlates in low-income settings, where rates may be high because of poverty, union instability and early childbearing. METHODS: Data from the 2011-2012 Encuesta Nicaragüense de Demografía y Salud were used to calculate the prevalence of multipartner fertility among 8,320 mothers and 2,141 fathers with two or more children...
March 3, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929930/child-mortality-and-poverty-in-three-world-regions-the-west-asia-and-sub-saharan-africa-1988-2010-evidence-of-relative-intra-regional-neglect
#17
Colin Pritchard, Steven Keen
AIMS: Poverty kills children. This study assesses the relationship between poverty and child mortality rates (CMRs) in 71 societies from three world regions to determine whether some countries, relative to their region, neglect their children. METHODS: Spearman rank order correlations were calculated to determine any association between the CMR and poverty data, including income inequality and gross national income. A current CMR one standard deviation (SD) above or below the regional average and a percentage change between 1988 and 2010 were used as the measures to assess the progress of nations...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929818/improving-accountability-in-vaccine-decision-making
#18
James Kenneth Timmis, Steven Black, Rino Rappuoli
Introduction Healthcare decisions, in particular those affecting entire populations, should be evidence-based and taken by decision-makers sharing broad alignment with affected stakeholders. However, criteria, priorities and procedures for decision-making are sometimes non-transparent, frequently vary considerably across equivalent decision-bodies, do not always consider the broader benefits of new health-measures, and therefore do not necessarily adequately represent the relevant stakeholder-spectrum. Areas covered To address these issues in the context of the evaluation of new vaccines, we have proposed a first baseline set of core evaluation criteria, primarily selected by members of the vaccine research community, and suggested their implementation in vaccine evaluation procedures...
September 20, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929726/-factors-associated-to-medical-visits-comparison-among-italians-and-immigrants-resident-in-italy
#19
Anteo Di Napoli, Monica Perez, Alessandra Rossi, Daniele Spizzichino, Laura Iannucci, Lidia Gargiulo, Daniela Panaccione, Concetta Mirisola, Alessio Petrelli
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the role of factors potentially associated with the use of medical visits by the immigrant population living in Italy, making a comparison with the Italian population. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on the representative sample of the population residing in Italy considered in the Survey "Health and use of health services" conducted by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat) in 2013. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on a sample of citizens aged 18-64 years (72,476 individuals) representing a population of 37,290,440 residents in Italy (33...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929725/-perceived-discrimination-at-work-for-being-an-immigrant-a-study-on-self-perceived-mental-health-status-among-immigrants-in-italy
#20
Anteo Di Napoli, Rosaria Gatta, Alessandra Rossi, Monica Perez, Gianfranco Costanzo, Concetta Mirisola, Alessio Petrelli
BACKGROUND: exposure to discrimination is widely understood as a social determinant of psychophysical health and a contributing factor to health inequities among social groups. Few studies exist, particularly in Italy, about the effects of discrimination among immigrants at workplace. OBJECTIVES: to analyse the association between perceived discrimination at work for being an immigrant and mental health status among immigrants in Italy. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: a sub-sample of 12,408 immigrants residing in Italy was analysed...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
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