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Exercise AND attention deficite hyperactivity disorder

Katleen Geladé, Tieme W P Janssen, Marleen Bink, Rosa van Mourik, Athanasios Maras, Jaap Oosterlaan
OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of neurofeedback as a treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and whether neurofeedback is a viable alternative for stimulant medication, is still an intensely debated subject. The current randomized controlled trial compared neurofeedback to (1) optimally titrated methylphenidate and (2) a semi-active control intervention, physical activity, to account for nonspecific effects. METHODS: A multicenter 3-way parallel-group study with balanced randomization was conducted...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Stella Jacobson, Pernilla Östlund, Lena Wallgren, Marie Österberg, Sofia Tranæus
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this project was to identify the ten most important research questions for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment as identified by people with ADHD together with personnel involved in the treatment of ADHD in school, health, and correction services. METHODS: A working group consisting of consumers and personnel was established. The method for prioritization was primarily based on James Lind Alliance's guidebook, consisting of an interim priority setting exercise and a workshop...
January 2016: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
Renée Meppelink, Esther I de Bruin, Susan M Bögels
BACKGROUND: Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity-Disorder (ADHD) is, with a prevalence of 5 %, a highly common childhood disorder, and has severe impact on the lives of youngsters and their families. Medication is often the treatment of choice, as it currently is most effective. However, medication has only short-term effects, treatment adherence is often low and most importantly; medication has serious side effects. Therefore, there is a need for other interventions for youngsters with ADHD...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Beron W Z Tan, Julie A Pooley, Craig P Speelman
This review evaluates the efficacy of using physical exercise interventions on improving cognitive functions in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This review includes a meta-analysis based on a random-effects model of data reported in 22 studies with 579 participants aged 3-25 year old. The results revealed an overall small to medium effect of exercise on cognition, supporting the efficacy of exercise interventions in enhancing certain aspects of cognitive performance in individuals with ASD and/or ADHD...
September 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Anne E Den Heijer, Yvonne Groen, Lara Tucha, Anselm B M Fuermaier, Janneke Koerts, Klaus W Lange, Johannes Thome, Oliver Tucha
As attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most frequently diagnosed developmental disorders in childhood, effective yet safe treatment options are highly important. Recent research introduced physical exercise as a potential treatment option, particularly for children with ADHD. The aim of this review was to systematically analyze potential acute and chronic effects of cardio and non-cardio exercise on a broad range of functions in children with ADHD and to explore this in adults as well...
July 11, 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
Robert R Kraemer, Chelsea N Chabreck, Daniel B Hollander, Brandon A Baiamonte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Chien-Yu Pan, Chia-Hua Chu, Chia-Liang Tsai, Shen-Yu Lo, Yun-Wen Cheng, Yu-Jen Liu
The present study assessed the effects of a 12-week table tennis exercise on motor skills, social behaviors, and executive functions in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In the first 12-week phase, 16 children (group I) received the intervention, whereas 16 children (group II) did not. A second 12-week phase immediately followed with the treatments reversed. Improvements were observed in executive functions in both groups after the intervention. After the first 12-week phase, some motor and behavioral functions improved in group I...
October 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Timothy E Albertson, James A Chenoweth, Daniel K Colby, Mark E Sutter
There has been an increase in diagnoses of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), with approximately 9% of American children now diagnosed, and a concomitant increase in the use of stimulants (eg, amphetamines, methylphenidate) to manage ADHD. Nonstimulant drugs (eg, atomoxetine, guanfacine, clonidine) also are used, but most patients are treated with stimulants. All of these drugs are effective for management of ADHD, and, overall, use in childhood does not seem to increase the risk of substance abuse later in life...
February 2016: FP Essentials
Michael Owen
I agree caution needs to be exercised in using methylphenidate, most commonly known as Ritalin, for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children, (clinical update, January 20).
February 10, 2016: Nursing Standard
Kathryn M Fritz, Patrick J O'Connor
PURPOSE: Little is known about whether acute exercise affects signs or symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. This experiment sought to determine the effects of a single bout of moderate-intensity leg cycling exercise on measures of attention, hyperactivity, mood, and motivation to complete mental work in adult men reporting elevated ADHD symptoms. METHODS: A repeated-measures crossover experiment was conducted with 32 adult men (18-33 yr) with symptoms consistent with adult ADHD assessed by the Adult Self-Report Scale V1...
June 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Michael L Moritz, James R Lauridson
We report a case of fatal hyponatremic encephalopathy in a child who was forced to exercise as a form of punishment. A 9-year-old girl with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder was forced to run repeated 50-ft sprints to the point of exhaustion by her grandmother as punishment for taking candy from a classmate. After more than 3 hours of forced running, the child collapsed, began to vomit, and had repeated clonic seizures. Upon presentation to the emergency department, she was nonresponsive with a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 11 and had noncardiogenic pulmonary edema with serum sodium of 117 mEq/L...
March 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
Anne E den Heijer, Yvonne Groen, Anselm B M Fuermaier, Marieke J G van Heuvelen, Eddy A van der Zee, Lara Tucha, Oliver Tucha
OBJECTIVES: Whole Body Vibration (WBV) is a passive exercise method known to have beneficial effects on various physical measures. Studies on adults furthermore demonstrated beneficial effects of WBV treatment on cognition (e.g. inhibition). The present study replicated these findings in healthy children and examined acute effects of WBV treatment on inhibition. METHODS: Fifty-five healthy children (aged 8-13) participated in this within-subject design study. WBV treatment was applied by having the children sit on a chair mounted to a vibrating platform...
2015: PloS One
Sai Iyer, Maya Kumar, Michael I Reiff, Martin T Stein
Nicole is a 15-year-old girl presenting to the Developmental Behavioral Pediatrics Clinic with symptoms of the inattentive type of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and declining school performance over the last year. She expressed frustration over her inability to concentrate on schoolwork. Assuming that her poor grades were secondary to lack of effort, her parents withdrew privileges. Nicole became increasingly depressed. She stopped participating in activities, she previously enjoyed, and her parents reported that she stopped singing in the shower...
September 2015: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Barbara J Sahakian, Annette B Bruhl, Jennifer Cook, Clare Killikelly, George Savulich, Thomas Piercy, Sepehr Hafizi, Jesus Perez, Emilio Fernandez-Egea, John Suckling, Peter B Jones
In addition to causing distress and disability to the individual, neuropsychiatric disorders are also extremely expensive to society and governments. These disorders are both common and debilitating and impact on cognition, functionality and wellbeing. Cognitive enhancing drugs, such as cholinesterase inhibitors and methylphenidate, are used to treat cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, respectively. Other cognitive enhancers include specific computerized cognitive training and devices...
September 19, 2015: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Natalia Wrońska, Begonya Garcia-Zapirain, Amaia Mendez-Zorrilla
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), with a worldwide prevalence of 5.29%-7.1%, is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders among children and adolescents. Apart from typical symptoms like inattention, hyperactivity and impulsiveness, patients also evidence attention deficit problems with reading comprehension. This in turn causes poor school performance and widens the gap with peers without ADHD. This paper presents a novel and interactive tool based on Serious Games for Health, whose aim is not only to improve comprehension, but also hold the user's attention...
June 2015: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Andrea M Robinson, Thomas Buttolph, John T Green, David J Bucci
Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs), a commonly used animal model of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, exhibit little habituation of the orienting response to repeated presentations of a nonreinforced visual stimulus. However, SHRs that have access to a running wheel for 5, 10, or 21 days exhibit robust habituation that is indistinguishable from normo-active rats. Two days of exercise, in comparison, is not sufficient to affect habituation. Here we tested the hypothesis that the effect of exercise on orienting behavior in SHRs is mediated by changes in noradrenergic function...
June 2015: Behavioral Neuroscience
A J Cerrillo-Urbina, A García-Hermoso, M Sánchez-López, M J Pardo-Guijarro, J L Santos Gómez, V Martínez-Vizcaíno
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the evidence for the effectiveness of exercise interventions on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-related symptoms such as inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, anxiety and cognitive functions in children and adolescents. METHOD: Five databases covering the period up to November 2014 (PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, EBSCO [E-journal, CINAHL, SportDiscus] and The Cochrane Library) were searched...
November 2015: Child: Care, Health and Development
Alessandro P Silva, Sueli O S Prado, Terigi A Scardovelli, Silvia R M S Boschi, Luiz C Campos, Annie F Frère
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) mainly affects the academic performance of children and adolescents. In addition to bringing physical and mental health benefits, physical activity has been used to prevent and improve ADHD comorbidities; however, its effectiveness has not been quantified. In this study, the effect of physical activity on children's attention was measured using a computer game. Intense physical activity was promoted by a relay race, which requires a 5-min run without a rest interval...
2015: PloS One
Han Sam Cho, Dae Jung Baek, Seung Soo Baek
PURPOSE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a heritable, chronic, neurobehavioral disorder that is characterized by hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. It is commonly believed that the symptoms of ADHD are closely associated with hypo-function of the dopamine system. Dopamine D2 receptor activation decreases the excitability of dopamine neurons, as well as the release of dopamine. Physical exercise is known to improve structural and functional impairments in neuropsychiatric disorders...
December 2014: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
Bog Ja Jeoung
College students with a tendency toward attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) tend to act impulsively because they cannot control their behavior. They display low academic achievement and insufficient social skills, and are at high risk for alcoholism and drug abuse. Although various intervention methods have been used to reduce ADHD tendency (e.g., improving physical fitness and participating in sports and exercise), there are few studies on the relationship between ADHD and health-related physical fitness...
December 2014: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
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