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Venous thromboprophylaxis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899870/biomarkers-for-the-risk-of-thrombosis-in-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-are-related-to-cancer-process
#1
Dorothée Faille, Marie-Charlotte Bourrienne, Emmanuelle de Raucourt, Luc de Chaisemartin, Vanessa Granger, Romaric Lacroix, Laurence Panicot-Dubois, Pascal Hammel, Philippe Lévy, Philippe Ruszniewski, Nadine Ajzenberg, Vinciane Rebours
Background: Venous thrombo-embolic events (VTE) frequently occur in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and contribute to high morbidity and mortality. Objectives: To determine whether VTE biomarkers are related to cancer, inflammation or precancerous states and to assess their relevance to predict VTE in PDAC. Patients and Methods: We compared VTE biomarkers in patients with PDAC ( n = 42), intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas (IPMN, n = 48) or chronic pancreatitis ( n = 50)...
May 29, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895339/a-systematic-review-of-the-risks-and-benefits-of-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Joseph Margolick, Charlotte Dandurand, Katrina Duncan, Wenjia Chen, David C Evans, Mypinder S Sekhon, Naisan Garraway, Donald E G Griesdale, Peter Gooderham, S Morad Hameed
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, initiation of pharmacological venous thromboprophylaxis (VTEp) may cause further intracranial hemorrhage. We reviewed the literature to determine the postinjury time interval at which VTEp can be administered without risk of TBI evolution and hematoma expansion. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched. Inclusion criteria were studies investigating timing and safety of VTEp in TBI patients not previously on oral anticoagulation...
June 13, 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885940/a-clinical-prediction-model-for-cancer-associated-venous-thromboembolism-a-development-and-validation-study-in-two-independent-prospective-cohorts
#3
Ingrid Pabinger, Nick van Es, Georg Heinze, Florian Posch, Julia Riedl, Eva-Maria Reitter, Marcello Di Nisio, Gabriela Cesarman-Maus, Noémie Kraaijpoel, Christoph Carl Zielinski, Harry Roger Büller, Cihan Ay
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism is a common complication of cancer, but the risk of developing venous thromboembolism varies greatly among individuals and depends on numerous factors, including type of cancer. We aimed to develop and externally validate a clinical prediction model for cancer-associated venous thromboembolism. METHODS: We used data from the prospective Vienna Cancer and Thrombosis Study (CATS) cohort (n=1423) to select prognostic variables for inclusion in the model...
June 6, 2018: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876696/prophylaxis-of-postoperative-venous-thromboembolism-using-enoxaparin-after-esophagectomy-a-prospective-observational-study-of-effectiveness-and-safety
#4
Naoya Yoshida, Yoshifumi Baba, Yuji Miyamoto, Masaaki Iwatsuki, Yukiharu Hiyoshi, Takatsugu Ishimoto, Yu Imamura, Masayuki Watanabe, Hideo Baba
BACKGROUND: The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after esophagectomy is higher than in other gastroenterological cancer surgery. Although the effectiveness and safety of thromboprophylaxis using enoxaparin have been established in orthopedic, abdominal, and pelvic surgeries, no studies regarding esophagectomy are available. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted to elucidate the usefulness of enoxaparin for VTE prophylaxis after esophagectomy...
June 6, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876671/validating-the-role-of-abo-blood-type-in-risk-of-perioperative-venous-thromboembolism-after-radical-cystectomy
#5
Sumeet Bhanvadia, Kayvan Kazerouni, Soroush T Bazargani, Gus Miranda, Jie Cai, Siamak Daneshmand, Hooman Djaladat
PURPOSE: To validate the relationship between ABO blood type and risk of VTE post-RC in a large retrospective database. METHODS: Patients with urothelial bladder cancer (UBC) who underwent RC (intent-to-cure) for whom ABO blood type was available between 2003 and 2015 were identified from our IRB-approved database. VTE was defined as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE) within 90 days of surgery. VTE prophylaxis consisted of immediate postoperative Coumadin (2003-2009), unfractionated heparin (UFH) during hospitalization (2009-2015), and UFH during hospitalization plus 4 weeks of enoxaparin after discharge (2013-2015)...
June 6, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876337/the-role-of-inflammation-in-venous-thromboembolism
#6
REVIEW
Brian R Branchford, Shannon L Carpenter
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), comprising deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and pulmonary embolism (PE), is becoming increasingly recognized as a cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatrics, particularly among hospitalized children. Furthermore, evidence is accumulating that suggests the inflammatory response may be a cause, as well as consequence, of VTE, but current anticoagulation treatment regimens are not designed to inhibit inflammation. In fact, many established clinical VTE risk factors such as surgery, obesity, cystic fibrosis, sepsis, systemic infection, cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, and lupus likely modulate thrombosis through inflammatory mediators...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859696/venous-thromboembolic-complications-with-and-without-intermittent-intraoperative-and-postoperative-pneumatic-compression-in-patients-with-glioblastoma-multiforme-using-intraoperative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-retrospective-study
#7
M Ebeling, W Lüdemann, J Frisius, M Karst, I Schedel, V Gerganov, A Samii, R Fahlbusch
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of intraoperative and postoperative intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) as a method used to decrease the incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT), in comparison to the standard use of graduated compression stockings, low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and physiotherapy during the hospital stay. All patients in this study underwent intracranial surgery for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) using intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guidance...
May 30, 2018: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845672/sodium-pentosan-polysulfate-efficacy-as-thromboprophylaxis-agent-in-high-risk-women-following-gynecological-surgery
#8
Ima Indirayani, Aida Kalok, Nik A Nik Ismail, Shamsul A Shah, Pei S Lim, Nor A Mohamed Ismail, Abdul G Nur Azurah, Mohd Hashim Omar, Mohamad N Shafiee
AIM: Sodium pentosan polysulfate (Na-PPS) is a plant-based agent that has similar action with low-molecular-weight heparin. It inhibits factor Xa, preventing blood clot formation. To date, its use in clinical practice as thromboprophylaxis agent is still limited. In addition, the efficacy and safety profile of this agent was not robustly reported globally, especially for countries with major Muslim population. We hypothesized that Na-PPS was equally effective as the standard thromboprophylaxis...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780248/incidence-of-symptomatic-venous-thromboembolism-in-2372-knee-and-hip-replacement-patients-after-discharge-data-from-a-thromboprophylaxis-registry-in-montreal-canada
#9
Andréa Senay, Milanne Trottier, Josée Delisle, Andreea Banica, Benoit Benoit, G Yves Laflamme, Michel Malo, Hai Nguyen, Pierre Ranger, Julio C Fernandes
Background: Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) is a recommended anticoagulant for thromboprophylaxis after major orthopedic surgery. Dabigatran etexilate is an oral anticoagulant recognized as noninferior to LMWH. We aimed to assess the incidence of symptomatic venous thromboembolic events (VTEs) after discharge in patients who underwent joint replacement, using a hospital registry. Patients and methods: Patients who underwent total knee and hip arthroplasty between September 2011 and March 2015 were selected...
2018: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753308/rivaroxaban-for-thromboprophylaxis-among-patients-recently-hospitalized-for-acute-infectious-diseases-a-subgroup-analysis-of-the-magellan-study
#10
Kevin P Cohoon, Yoriko De Sanctis, Lloyd Haskell, Robert D McBane, Theodore E Spiro
BACKGROUND: Despite the well-established association between infection and venous thromboembolism (VTE), there are few data specifically assessing the efficacy and safety of the VTE prophylaxis strategies for patients hospitalized for acute infectious diseases. OBJECTIVES: Estimate incidence of VTE and bleeding outcomes comparing prolonged prophylaxis with rivaroxaban 10 mg daily for 35 days with enoxaparin 40 mg daily for 10 days. PATIENTS/METHODS: A subgroup analysis of patients hospitalized for acute infectious diseases in the MAGELLAN trial was performed...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747737/thromboprophylaxis-in-pregnancy
#11
REVIEW
Diana Kolettis, Sabrina Craigo
Venous thromboembolism is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Identifying women who are at greatest risk for venous thromboembolism, and managing their pregnancies with appropriate thromboprophylaxis is essential to decreasing this life-threatening condition. Those at greatest risk are patients with thrombophilias, a personal or family history of venous thromboembolism, and those undergoing cesarean delivery. Current international guidelines on thromboprophylaxis vary in details, but all strategies rely on risk factor identification and thromboprophylaxis for the highest risk patients...
June 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745099/incidence-and-risk-assessment-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-cancer-patients-admitted-to-intensive-care-unit-for-postoperative-care
#12
Jia-Xuan Xu, Jun Dong, Hong Ren, Xiao-Jie Chen, Yong Yang, Ren-Xiong Chen, Guo-Dong Wang, Hong-Zhi Wang
PURPOSE: Cancer patients undergoing surgery are at high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The occurrence of VTE in Chinese cancer patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) for postoperative care is poorly characterized. This study was designed to investigate the incidence of VTE in this population and to evaluate the utility of the Caprini score in risk stratification. METHODS: 2127 consecutive adult patients admitted to a 10-bed surgical ICU (SICU) in a tertiary care academic hospital during a 4-year period (January 1, 2013 - December 31, 2016) were enrolled...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733498/risk-stratification-for-the-development-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-hospitalized-patients-with-cancer
#13
Arabesque Parker, Erica Peterson, Agnes Y Y Lee, Carine de Wit, Marc Carrier, Gina Polley, Julia Tien, Cynthia Wu
INTRODUCTION: The Khorana score is a validated risk assessment score for estimating the risk of symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) in outpatients with cancer. The objective of this study was to assess the Khorana score for predicting the development of VTE in cancer patients during hospital admission. METHODS: We conducted an analysis of consecutive, adult cancer patients hospitalized for medical reasons between January and June 2010 in 3 academic medical centers...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716395/comparison-of-postoperative-bleeding-in-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-patients-receiving-rivaroxaban-enoxaparin-or-aspirin-for-thromboprophylaxis
#14
Desirae E Lindquist, David W Stewart, Aaryn Brewster, Caitlin Waldroup, Brian L Odle, Jessica E Burchette, Hadi El-Bazouni
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend the use of multiple pharmacologic agents and/or mechanical compressive devices for prevention of venous thromboembolism, but preference for any specific agent is no longer given in regard to safety or efficacy. OBJECTIVE: To compare postoperative bleeding rates in patients receiving enoxaparin, rivaroxaban, or aspirin for thromboprophylaxis after undergoing elective total hip arthroplasty or total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: This retrospective cohort analysis evaluated patients who received thromboprophylaxis with either enoxaparin, rivaroxaban, or aspirin...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715571/length-of-thromboprophylaxis-in-patients-operated-for-a-high-grade-glioma-a-retrospective-study
#15
Joeky T Senders, Tom J Snijders, Max van Essen, Gaby M van Bentum, Tatjana Seute, Filip Y de Vos, Timothy R Smith, Pierre A Robe, Marike Ld Broekman
OBJECTIVE: High-grade gliomas are associated with venous thromboembolism (VTE). This retrospective study with a parallel cohort design investigates the influence of continuing prophylactic anticoagulation post-discharge on the rate of VTE and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in patients operated for a high-grade glioma. METHODS: Consecutive adult patients who underwent sub- or gross-total resection for a high-grade glioma at a single institution were included. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the association between the duration of thromboprophylaxis (dalteparin administered 21 versus 0-7 days) and the occurrence of VTE and ICH within 21 or 90 days after surgery, corrected for known risk factors...
April 28, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709455/the-approach-to-peripartum-management-of-anticoagulation-a-multidisciplinary-survey
#16
Sagar Rohailla, Ann Kinga Malinowski, Shital Gandhi, Anne McLeod, Rosane Nisenbaum, Nadine Shehata
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine whether there is practice variation in the treatment and prevention of acute venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pregnant patients, potentially to prioritize future studies. BACKGROUND: The risk of VTE during pregnancy is five-fold that of the non-pregnant state. Guidance is often lacking for the treatment and prophylaxis of VTE because there are few RCTs. METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional study design using a self-administered electronic questionnaire consisting of 11 case scenarios that were sent to hematologists, maternal-fetal medicine specialists, obstetricians and gynaecologists, and internal medicine specialists across Canada...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709377/high-energy-injury-is-a-risk-factor-for-preoperative-venous-thromboembolism-in-the-patients-with-hip-fractures-a-prospective-observational-study
#17
Jin Sup Park, Jae Hoon Jang, Ki Young Park, Nam Hoon Moon
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence of preoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE), and determine if high energy hip fracture affects preoperative VTE occurrence. METHODS: Three-hundred nine patients (244 low and 61 high energy injuries) treated between March 2015 and March 2017 were included in this study. Indirect multidetector computed tomographic venography for the detection of preoperative VTE was performed at admission. The incidence of preoperative VTE was compared between high and low energy injury hip fractures...
April 24, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703486/updated-clinical-models-for-vte-prediction-in-hospitalized-medical-patients
#18
Grigoris T Gerotziafas, Loula Papageorgiou, Stella Salta, Katerina Nikolopoulou, Ismail Elalamy
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) occurring in hospitalized medical patients is associated with increased length of hospitalization, high rate of acute care hospital transfer, longer inpatient rehabilitation and multiplication of health-care costs. Identification of acutely ill hospitalized medical patients eligible for thromboprophylaxis is a sophisticated process. Global VTE risk stems from the combination of predictors related with the acute medical illness, comorbidities, associated treatments and patients' intrinsic risk factors...
April 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703483/the-role-of-podoplanin-in-cancer-associated-thrombosis
#19
Pegah Mir Seyed Nazari, Julia Riedl, Ingrid Pabinger, Cihan Ay
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a frequent and life-threatening complication in patients with cancer. The underlying mechanisms of cancer-associated VTE are still not completely understood. However, emerging studies indicate that the mechanisms differ across tumor types. A recent study revealed that in patients with brain tumors, podoplanin overexpression is strongly correlated with intratumoral thrombotic vessels, hypercoagulability and increased VTE risk. In vitro experiments demonstrated that platelet aggregation induced by human glioblastoma cells was highly podoplanin-dependent...
April 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703470/apixaban-for-the-prevention-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-high-risk-ambulatory-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-rational-and-design-of-the-avert-trial
#20
Miriam Kimpton, Philip S Wells, Marc Carrier
Patients with active cancer have a heightened risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). This risk is further increased by the initiation of chemotherapy. Although previous studies have suggested that the use of parenteral thromboprophylaxis in all ambulatory cancer patients receiving chemotherapy significantly decreases the rate of VTE, current clinical practice guidelines do not recommend routine use of thromboprophylaxis in this patient population. A major criticism of these studies has been the inclusion of patients at lower risk for VTE, which may have diluted the potential beneficial effect of the parenteral thromboprophylaxis...
April 2018: Thrombosis Research
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