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Exercise AND Adhd

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625261/acute-and-chronic-effect-of-physical-activity-on-cognition-and-behaviour-in-young-people-with-adhd-a-systematic-review-of-intervention-studies
#1
REVIEW
Sara Suarez-Manzano, Alberto Ruiz-Ariza, Manuel De La Torre-Cruz, Emilio J Martínez-López
BACKGROUND: Young people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often have learning and behavioral control difficulties. AIM: The aim of this review is analyse the acute and chronic effect of physical activity (PA) on the cognition and behaviour of children and adolescents with ADHD. METHODS: Studies were identified in five databases (PubMed, SPORTDiscus, ProQuest, Web of Science, and SCOPUS), from January 2000 through to January 2017...
April 3, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564546/sports-psychiatry-mental-health-and-mental-disorders-in-athletes-and-exercise-treatment-of-mental-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Andreas Ströhle
Sports psychiatry has developed for the past 3 decades as an emerging field within psychiatry and sports medicine. An International society has been established in 1994 and also national interest groups were implemented, mostly within the national organizations for psychiatry, some also containing the topic of exercise treatment of mental disorders. Where are we now 30 years later? We systematically but also selectively review the medical literature on exercise, sport, psychiatry, mental health and mental disorders and related topics...
March 21, 2018: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486807/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-v-treatment-as-usual-in-adults-with-adhd-a-multicentre-single-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Lotte Janssen, Cornelis C Kan, Pieter J Carpentier, Bram Sizoo, Sevket Hepark, Melanie P J Schellekens, A Rogier T Donders, Jan K Buitelaar, Anne E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: There is a high need for evidence-based psychosocial treatments for adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to offer alongside treatment as usual (TAU). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is a promising psychosocial treatment. This trial investigated the efficacy of MBCT + TAU v. TAU in reducing core symptoms in adults with ADHD. METHODS: A multicentre, single-blind, randomised controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02463396)...
February 28, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482662/bright-light-therapy-versus-physical-exercise-to-prevent-co-morbid-depression-and-obesity-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Jutta S Mayer, Katharina Hees, Juliane Medda, Oliver Grimm, Philip Asherson, Mariano Bellina, Michael Colla, Pol Ibáñez, Elena Koch, Antonio Martinez-Nicolas, Adrià Muntaner-Mas, Anna Rommel, Nanda Rommelse, Saskia de Ruiter, Ulrich W Ebner-Priemer, Meinhard Kieser, Francisco B Ortega, Johannes Thome, Jan K Buitelaar, Jonna Kuntsi, J Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, Andreas Reif, Christine M Freitag
BACKGROUND: The risk for major depression and obesity is increased in adolescents and adults with attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and adolescent ADHD predicts adult depression and obesity. Non-pharmacological interventions to treat and prevent these co-morbidities are urgently needed. Bright light therapy (BLT) improves day-night rhythm and is an emerging therapy for major depression. Exercise intervention (EI) reduces obesity and improves depressive symptoms. To date, no randomized controlled trial (RCT) has been performed to establish feasibility and efficacy of these interventions targeting the prevention of co-morbid depression and obesity in ADHD...
February 26, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468917/the-acute-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-cognitive-flexibility-and-task-related-heart-rate-variability-in-children-with-adhd-and-healthy-controls
#5
Sebastian Ludyga, Markus Gerber, Manuel Mücke, Serge Brand, Peter Weber, Mark Brotzmann, Uwe Pühse
OBJECTIVE: To investigate cognitive flexibility and task-related heart rate variability following moderately intense aerobic exercise and after watching a video in both children with ADHD and healthy controls. METHOD: Using a cross-over design, participants completed cognitive assessments following exercise and a physically inactive control condition. Behavioral performance was assessed using the Alternate Uses task. Heart rate variability was recorded via electrocardiography during the cognitive task...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406917/lack-of-an-association-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-and-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-als
#6
Leonie Ebel, Susanne Petri, Joachim K Krauss, Reinhard Dengler, Martina de Zwaan
BACKGROUND: Lulé, Ludolph, and Ludolph (2008) hypothesized that there may be a pathophysiological link between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). They summarized common clinical features, specifically enhanced physical and psychological activity, which have been described typically for ADHD patients and also as common personality traits before disease onset in patients with ALS. METHODS: We assessed the lifetime prevalence rate of ADHD in 104 patients with ALS using valid self-report instruments for ADHD symptoms in childhood (WURS-k) and adulthood (ADHD-SB)...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391802/adhd-and-lifestyle-habits-in-czech-adults-a-national-sample
#7
Simon Weissenberger, Radek Ptacek, Martina Vnukova, Jiri Raboch, Martina Klicperova-Baker, Lucie Domkarova, Michal Goetz
Background: Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been added as a diagnosis to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders version 5 (DSM5) in 2013, thus making ADHD, which has been classically known as a childhood disorder, a life-long disorder. Those suffering from the condition show very specific behavioral traits, which manifest as lifestyle habits; they also show comorbidities that can be the symptoms and/or consequences of certain lifestyles. Materials and methods: The targeted population was adults aged 18-65 years...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189334/considerations-in-the-care-of-athletes-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
George G A Pujalte, Jennifer R Maynard, McKennan J Thurston, Walter C Taylor, Mohit Chauhan
OBJECTIVES: Uncover literature pertaining to: (1) attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and how it impacts athletes; (2) ADHD medication effects; (3) regulations regarding ADHD medications; (4) approaches to conditions similar to, and occurring with, ADHD; and (5) use of stimulants. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Ovid interface. MAIN RESULTS: ADHD can have many effects on athletes and sports participation...
November 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100212/an-event-related-potential-investigation-of-the-acute-effects-of-aerobic-and-coordinative-exercise-on-inhibitory-control-in-children-with-adhd
#9
Sebastian Ludyga, Serge Brand, Markus Gerber, Peter Weber, Mark Brotzmann, Fahimeh Habibifar, Uwe Pühse
The current body of evidence suggests that an aerobic exercise session has a beneficial effect on inhibitory control, whereas the impact of coordinative exercise on this executive function has not yet been examined in children with ADHD. Therefore, the present study aims to investigate the acute effects of aerobic and coordinative exercise on behavioral performance and the allocation of attentional resources in an inhibitory control task. Using a cross-over design, children with ADHD-combined type and healthy comparisons completed a Flanker task before and after 20min moderately-intense cycling exercise, coordinative exercise and an inactive control condition...
December 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098467/a-6-month-follow-up-of-an-rct-on-behavioral-and-neurocognitive-effects-of-neurofeedback-in-children-with-adhd
#10
Katleen Geladé, Tieme W P Janssen, Marleen Bink, Jos W R Twisk, Rosa van Mourik, Athanasios Maras, Jaap Oosterlaan
To assess the long-term effects of neurofeedback (NFB) in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), we compared behavioral and neurocognitive outcomes at a 6-month naturalistic follow-up of a randomized controlled trial on NFB, methylphenidate (MPH), and physical activity (PA). Ninety-two children with a DSM-IV-TR ADHD diagnosis, aged 7-13, receiving NFB (n = 33), MPH (n = 28), or PA (n = 31), were re-assessed 6-months after the interventions. NFB comprised theta/beta training on the vertex (cortical zero)...
November 2, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033450/a-retrospective-chart-analysis-with-follow-up-of-cogmed-working-memory-training-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Sander M Weckstein, Ethan J Weckstein, Christopher D Parker, Matthew W Westerman
BACKGROUND This case study was undertaken in an effort to assess whether children/adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) experience improvement in comorbid ADHD following Cogmed Working Memory Training (CWMT). This treatment intervention has been shown to improve ADHD symptoms in children and adolescents; however, there have been no studies on its use with individuals with ASD. MATERIAL AND METHODS CWMT is a computer-based program that consists of 13 auditory, visual, visual spatial, and combined exercises that are practiced for 45 minutes a day, 5 days a week, for 5 weeks...
October 16, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917364/managing-childhood-and-adolescent-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-with-exercise-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Collin Yih Xian Ho, Hwei Wuen Chan, Bob Zheng Jie Yong, Wee-Song Yeo
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neuropsychiatric disorders affecting some 8-10% of children worldwide. Increasing research has shed light on the life course of the disorder, suggesting that majority of children with ADHD will continue to have persistent symptoms into adulthood. The mainstay of ADHD management has been pharmacologic and behavioural/psychological interventions, with little attention paid to exercise as a potential management strategy...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598701/a-double-blind-randomized-pilot-trial-comparing-computerized-cognitive-exercises-to-tetris-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
Aida Bikic, Torben Østergaard Christensen, James F Leckman, Niels Bilenberg, Søren Dalsgaard
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this trial was to examine the feasibility and efficacy of computerized cognitive exercises from Scientific Brain Training (SBT), compared to the computer game Tetris as an active placebo, in a pilot study of adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: Eighteen adolescents with ADHD were randomized to treatment or control intervention for 7 weeks. Outcome measures were cognitive test, symptom, and motivation questionnaires...
June 9, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542667/-ign-complementary-alternative-medicine-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-mood-disorders
#14
REVIEW
María Pilar Pérez Carmona
The Complementary/Alternative Medicine (CAM) have been increasingly used by patients such as children and adolescents. The Ministry of Health in Chile (MINSAL) has recognized and regulated some CAM, although there is still unknown their effectiveness and safety of these. OBJECTIVE: Review the available evidence regarding the use of CAM in adolescents with the attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome (ADHD) and mood disorders. METHODOLOGY: A review of the related literature about this topic on PubMed, focus on the last 10 years and using as a keywords Complementary/Alternative Medicine/Therapies, Attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity, Mood disorders, and Children/Adolescents...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369935/phase-2-of-catalise-a-multinational-and-multidisciplinary-delphi-consensus-study-of-problems-with-language-development-terminology
#15
Dorothy V M Bishop, Margaret J Snowling, Paul A Thompson, Trisha Greenhalgh
BACKGROUND: Lack of agreement about criteria and terminology for children's language problems affects access to services as well as hindering research and practice. We report the second phase of a study using an online Delphi method to address these issues. In the first phase, we focused on criteria for language disorder. Here we consider terminology. METHODS: The Delphi method is an iterative process in which an initial set of statements is rated by a panel of experts, who then have the opportunity to view anonymised ratings from other panel members...
October 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299159/autism-spectrum-disorder-in-a-community-based-sample-with-neurodevelopmental-problems-in-lagos-nigeria
#16
Yewande O Oshodi, Andrew T Olagunju, Motunrayo A Oyelohunnu, Elizabeth A Campbell, Charles S Umeh, Olatunji F Aina, Wellington Oyibo, Folusho E A Lesi, Joseph D Adeyemi
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a globally prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder for which early diagnosis and intervention is the mainstay of management. In the African continent, limited data is available regarding the non-clinic based samples. Lack of information available to caregivers and inadequate skilled manpower often limit early detection and access to the few available though under resourced services in the community. Community based screening can be an important drive to create awareness and improve information dissemination regarding services available for those living with this disorder...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238393/preliminary-evidence-of-improved-cognitive-performance-following-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-children-with-combined-adhd-cadhd-and-concurrent-vestibular-impairment
#17
Younes Lotfi, Nima Rezazadeh, Abdollah Moossavi, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo, Reza Rostami, Enayatollah Bakhshi, Faride Badfar, Sedigheh Farokhi Moghadam, Vahid Sadeghi-Firoozabadi, Yousef Khodabandelou
OBJECTIVE: Balance function has been reported to be worse in ADHD children than in their normal peers. The present study hypothesized that an improvement in balance could result in better cognitive performance in children with ADHD and concurrent vestibular impairment. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of comprehensive vestibular rehabilitation therapy on the cognitive performance of children with combined ADHD and concurrent vestibular impairment. METHODS: Subject were 54 children with combined ADHD...
December 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222566/pilot-study-of-the-sub-symptom-threshold-exercise-program-sstep-for-persistent-concussion-symptoms-in-youth
#18
Sara P D Chrisman, Kathryn B Whitlock, Elissa Somers, Monique S Burton, Stanley A Herring, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Frederick P Rivara
BACKGROUND: Prior studies suggest potential benefit using monitored aerobic exercise to treat youth with persistent concussion symptoms, but these studies have been small. OBJECTIVES: To explore the safety and potential benefits of a rehabilitative exercise intervention, the Sub-symptom Threshold Exercise Program (SSTEP), for treating youth with persistent concussion symptoms >1 month. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 83 youth who participated in SSTEP, completing trajectory analysis of concussion symptoms using the symptom subscale of the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool, version 2 (SCAT-2)...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141724/inattentive-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-stimulant-medication-and-weight-loss-in-a-15-year-old-girl-are-we-enabling-the-development-of-an-eating-disorder
#19
Sai Iyer, Maya Kumar, Michael I Reiff, Martin T Stein
Nicole is a 15-year-old girl presenting to the Developmental Behavioral Pediatrics Clinic with symptoms of the inattentive type of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and declining school performance over the last year. She expressed frustration over her inability to concentrate on schoolwork. Assuming that her poor grades were secondary to lack of effort, her parents withdrew privileges. Nicole became increasingly depressed. She stopped participating in activities, she previously enjoyed, and her parents reported that she stopped singing in the shower...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097075/effects-of-an-8-week-yoga-program-on-sustained-attention-and-discrimination-function-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#20
Chien-Chih Chou, Chung-Ju Huang
This study investigated whether a yoga exercise intervention influenced the sustained attention and discrimination function in children with ADHD. Forty-nine participants (mean age = 10.50 years) were assigned to either a yoga exercise or a control group. Participants were given the Visual Pursuit Test and Determination Test prior to and after an eight-week exercise intervention (twice per week, 40 min per session) or a control intervention. Significant improvements in accuracy rate and reaction time of the two tests were observed over time in the exercise group compared with the control group...
2017: PeerJ
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