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Exercise AND Adhd

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299159/autism-spectrum-disorder-in-a-community-based-sample-with-neurodevelopmental-problems-in-lagos-nigeria
#1
Yewande O Oshodi, Andrew T Olagunju, Motunrayo A Oyelohunnu, Elizabeth A Campbell, Charles S Umeh, Olatunji F Aina, Wellington Oyibo, Folusho E A Lesi, Joseph D Adeyemi
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a globally prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder for which early diagnosis and intervention is the mainstay of management. In the African continent, limited data is available regarding the non-clinic based samples. Lack of information available to caregivers and inadequate skilled manpower often limit early detection and access to the few available though under resourced services in the community. Community based screening can be an important drive to create awareness and improve information dissemination regarding services available for those living with this disorder...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238393/preliminary-evidence-of-improved-cognitive-performance-following-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-children-with-combined-adhd-cadhd-and-concurrent-vestibular-impairment
#2
Younes Lotfi, Nima Rezazadeh, Abdollah Moossavi, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo, Reza Rostami, Enayatollah Bakhshi, Faride Badfar, Sedigheh Farokhi Moghadam, Vahid Sadeghi-Firoozabadi, Yousef Khodabandelou
OBJECTIVE: Balance function has been reported to be worse in ADHD children than in their normal peers. The present study hypothesized that an improvement in balance could result in better cognitive performance in children with ADHD and concurrent vestibular impairment. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of comprehensive vestibular rehabilitation therapy on the cognitive performance of children with combined ADHD and concurrent vestibular impairment. METHODS: Subject were 54 children with combined ADHD...
February 18, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222566/pilot-study-of-the-sub-symptom-threshold-exercise-program-sstep-for-persistent-concussion-symptoms-in-youth
#3
Sara P D Chrisman, Kathryn B Whitlock, Elissa Somers, Monique S Burton, Stanley A Herring, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Frederick P Rivara
BACKGROUND: Prior studies suggest potential benefit using monitored aerobic exercise to treat youth with persistent concussion symptoms, but these studies have been small. OBJECTIVES: To explore the safety and potential benefits of a rehabilitative exercise intervention, the Sub-symptom Threshold Exercise Program (SSTEP), for treating youth with persistent concussion symptoms >1 month. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 83 youth who participated in SSTEP, completing trajectory analysis of concussion symptoms using the symptom subscale of the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool, version 2 (SCAT-2)...
February 9, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141724/inattentive-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-stimulant-medication-and-weight-loss-in-a-15-year-old-girl-are-we-enabling-the-development-of-an-eating-disorder
#4
Sai Iyer, Maya Kumar, Michael I Reiff, Martin T Stein
Nicole is a 15-year-old girl presenting to the Developmental Behavioral Pediatrics Clinic with symptoms of the inattentive type of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and declining school performance over the last year. She expressed frustration over her inability to concentrate on schoolwork. Assuming that her poor grades were secondary to lack of effort, her parents withdrew privileges. Nicole became increasingly depressed. She stopped participating in activities, she previously enjoyed, and her parents reported that she stopped singing in the shower...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097075/effects-of-an-8-week-yoga-program-on-sustained-attention-and-discrimination-function-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#5
Chien-Chih Chou, Chung-Ju Huang
This study investigated whether a yoga exercise intervention influenced the sustained attention and discrimination function in children with ADHD. Forty-nine participants (mean age = 10.50 years) were assigned to either a yoga exercise or a control group. Participants were given the Visual Pursuit Test and Determination Test prior to and after an eight-week exercise intervention (twice per week, 40 min per session) or a control intervention. Significant improvements in accuracy rate and reaction time of the two tests were observed over time in the exercise group compared with the control group...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090806/randomised-sham-controlled-study-of-high-frequency-bilateral-deep-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-dtms-to-treat-adult-attention-hyperactive-disorder-adhd-negative-results
#6
Yaniv Paz, Keren Friedwald, Yeheal Levkovitz, Abraham Zangen, Uri Alyagon, Uri Nitzan, Aviv Segev, Hagai Maoz, May Koubi, Yuval Bloch
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies support the possible effectiveness of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) as a treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and possible efficacy of bilateral prefrontal deep rTMS for the treatment of adult ADHD. METHODS: Twenty-six adult ADHD patients were randomised blindly to sham or actual deep TMS (dTMS). Twenty daily sessions were conducted using the bilateral H5 dTMS coil (Brainsway, IL) in order to stimulate the prefrontal cortex at 120% of the motor threshold at high frequency...
January 31, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059865/efferent-vision-therapy
#7
Janet C Rucker, Paul H Phillips
BACKGROUND: Traditional orthoptic therapy used by ophthalmologists, orthoptists, and optometrists is directed at improving visual acuity, ocular alignment, or both. For example, convergence exercises are used to treat convergence insufficiency (CI). However, other forms of "vision therapy" are directed at improving "visual processing and efficiency." The therapeutic regimen often entails repetitive ocular motor tasks performed during multiple office visits with a behavioral optometrist...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928441/effects-of-a-selected-exercise-programon-executive-function-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
M Memarmoghaddam, H T Torbati, M Sohrabi, A Mashhadi, A Kashi
Introduction. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a Selected exercise program on the executive function of children with ADHD. Method. The participants were 40 male students, aged 7-11 years. The participants were randomly assigned into two groups (experimental and control). The experimental group participated in an exercise program for 24 sessions, 90 minutes per session. The control group did not receive any intervention. Before and after the exercise period, all the participants were assessed with Stroop and Go-No-Go tests, and the resulting data were analyzed by using MANCOVA...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907271/adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-diagnosis-management-and-treatment-in-the-dsm-5-era
#9
REVIEW
Joel L Young, David W Goodman
Objective: To increase awareness of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the primary care community and to provide guidance for the management of this condition. Despite its increasing prevalence, adult ADHD largely remains underdiagnosed and inappropriately treated in the United States. The publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), has provided more clear diagnostic criteria for adult ADHD, but a solid framework supporting the transition of ADHD management from pediatric to adult primary care is lacking...
November 17, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834506/evidence-based-considerations-and-recommendations-for-athletic-trainers-caring-for-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
REVIEW
Elizabeth S Wolfe, Kelly J Madden
CONTEXT: Patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be noncompliant, impulsive, and disruptive in an athletic training or physical rehabilitation facility. Athletic trainers (ATs) are valuable and essential health care providers for active patients with ADHD. However, for a patient with ADHD to have a successful outcome in a busy athletic training environment, the AT or health care provider must tailor the treatment setting to the patient's needs. OBJECTIVE: To educate and raise awareness among ATs about patients with ADHD and to provide ATs with strategies and tools that will allow them to treat patients with ADHD more effectively...
October 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790182/neuroelectric-and-behavioral-effects-of-acute-exercise-on-task-switching-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
Chiao-Ling Hung, Chung-Ju Huang, Yu-Jung Tsai, Yu-Kai Chang, Tsung-Min Hung
The main purpose of this two-part study was to examine the effects of acute, moderate intensity exercise on task switching in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In Study 1, we compared the task switching performance of children with and without ADHD. Twenty children with ADHD and 20 matched controls performed the task switching paradigm, in which the behavioral indices and P3 component of event-related potentials elicited by task-switching were assessed simultaneously. The amplitude and latency of P3 reflected the amount of attention resource allocated to task-relevant stimulus in the environment and the efficiency of stimulus detection and evaluation, respectively...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631143/behavioral-effects-of-neurofeedback-compared-to-stimulants-and-physical-activity-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Katleen Geladé, Tieme W P Janssen, Marleen Bink, Rosa van Mourik, Athanasios Maras, Jaap Oosterlaan
OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of neurofeedback as a treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and whether neurofeedback is a viable alternative for stimulant medication, is still an intensely debated subject. The current randomized controlled trial compared neurofeedback to (1) optimally titrated methylphenidate and (2) a semi-active control intervention, physical activity, to account for nonspecific effects. METHODS: A multicenter 3-way parallel-group study with balanced randomization was conducted...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516379/top-ten-research-priorities-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-treatment
#13
Stella Jacobson, Pernilla Östlund, Lena Wallgren, Marie Österberg, Sofia Tranæus
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this project was to identify the ten most important research questions for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment as identified by people with ADHD together with personnel involved in the treatment of ADHD in school, health, and correction services. METHODS: A working group consisting of consumers and personnel was established. The method for prioritization was primarily based on James Lind Alliance's guidebook, consisting of an interim priority setting exercise and a workshop...
January 2016: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460004/meditation-or-medication-mindfulness-training-versus-medication-in-the-treatment-of-childhood-adhd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Renée Meppelink, Esther I de Bruin, Susan M Bögels
BACKGROUND: Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity-Disorder (ADHD) is, with a prevalence of 5 %, a highly common childhood disorder, and has severe impact on the lives of youngsters and their families. Medication is often the treatment of choice, as it currently is most effective. However, medication has only short-term effects, treatment adherence is often low and most importantly; medication has serious side effects. Therefore, there is a need for other interventions for youngsters with ADHD...
July 26, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412579/a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-efficacy-of-physical-exercise-interventions-on-cognition-in-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-adhd
#15
Beron W Z Tan, Julie A Pooley, Craig P Speelman
This review evaluates the efficacy of using physical exercise interventions on improving cognitive functions in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This review includes a meta-analysis based on a random-effects model of data reported in 22 studies with 579 participants aged 3-25 year old. The results revealed an overall small to medium effect of exercise on cognition, supporting the efficacy of exercise interventions in enhancing certain aspects of cognitive performance in individuals with ASD and/or ADHD...
September 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400928/sweat-it-out-the-effects-of-physical-exercise-on-cognition-and-behavior-in-children-and-adults-with-adhd-a-systematic-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Anne E Den Heijer, Yvonne Groen, Lara Tucha, Anselm B M Fuermaier, Janneke Koerts, Klaus W Lange, Johannes Thome, Oliver Tucha
As attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most frequently diagnosed developmental disorders in childhood, effective yet safe treatment options are highly important. Recent research introduced physical exercise as a potential treatment option, particularly for children with ADHD. The aim of this review was to systematically analyze potential acute and chronic effects of cardio and non-cardio exercise on a broad range of functions in children with ADHD and to explore this in adults as well...
February 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388871/-skills-training-for-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#17
Michael Armbrust, Christian Ehrig
The emotionally instable personality disorder, mostly called borderline disorder, shows central abnormalities in impulse control as well as instability of mood and identity. It is composed of behaviour problems in creating relationships and in self-management, first of all by high psychophysiological tension. The prevalence of this disorder is 10 % in outpatients and 20 % in inpatients and has therefore high relevance for the medical-psychotherapeutic care system. The treatment is deemed to be complex and interminable...
July 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344348/a-racket-sport-intervention-improves-behavioral-and-cognitive-performance-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#18
Chien-Yu Pan, Chia-Hua Chu, Chia-Liang Tsai, Shen-Yu Lo, Yun-Wen Cheng, Yu-Jen Liu
The present study assessed the effects of a 12-week table tennis exercise on motor skills, social behaviors, and executive functions in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In the first 12-week phase, 16 children (group I) received the intervention, whereas 16 children (group II) did not. A second 12-week phase immediately followed with the treatments reversed. Improvements were observed in executive functions in both groups after the intervention. After the first 12-week phase, some motor and behavioral functions improved in group I...
October 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27178060/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-integrated-brain-body-and-social-intervention-for-children-with-adhd
#19
Stephanie D Smith, Lawrence A Vitulano, Liliya Katsovich, Shuaixing Li, Christina Moore, Fenghua Li, Heidi Grantz, Xixi Zheng, Virginia Eicher, Selin Aktan Guloksuz, Yi Zheng, Jinxia Dong, Denis G Sukhodolsky, James F Leckman
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the efficacy of an Integrated Brain, Body, and Social (IBBS) intervention for children with ADHD. Treatment consisted of computerized cognitive remediation training, physical exercises, and a behavior management strategy. METHOD: Ninety-two children aged 5 to 9 years with ADHD were randomly assigned to 15 weeks of IBBS or to treatment-as-usual. Primary outcome measures included blinded clinician ratings of ADHD symptoms and global clinical functioning...
May 13, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26881770/the-changing-drug-culture-use-and-misuse-of-cognition-enhancing-drugs
#20
REVIEW
Timothy E Albertson, James A Chenoweth, Daniel K Colby, Mark E Sutter
There has been an increase in diagnoses of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), with approximately 9% of American children now diagnosed, and a concomitant increase in the use of stimulants (eg, amphetamines, methylphenidate) to manage ADHD. Nonstimulant drugs (eg, atomoxetine, guanfacine, clonidine) also are used, but most patients are treated with stimulants. All of these drugs are effective for management of ADHD, and, overall, use in childhood does not seem to increase the risk of substance abuse later in life...
February 2016: FP Essentials
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