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Exercise AND Adhd

Katleen Geladé, Tieme W P Janssen, Marleen Bink, Rosa van Mourik, Athanasios Maras, Jaap Oosterlaan
OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of neurofeedback as a treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and whether neurofeedback is a viable alternative for stimulant medication, is still an intensely debated subject. The current randomized controlled trial compared neurofeedback to (1) optimally titrated methylphenidate and (2) a semi-active control intervention, physical activity, to account for nonspecific effects. METHODS: A multicenter 3-way parallel-group study with balanced randomization was conducted...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Stella Jacobson, Pernilla Östlund, Lena Wallgren, Marie Österberg, Sofia Tranæus
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this project was to identify the ten most important research questions for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment as identified by people with ADHD together with personnel involved in the treatment of ADHD in school, health, and correction services. METHODS: A working group consisting of consumers and personnel was established. The method for prioritization was primarily based on James Lind Alliance's guidebook, consisting of an interim priority setting exercise and a workshop...
January 2016: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
Renée Meppelink, Esther I de Bruin, Susan M Bögels
BACKGROUND: Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity-Disorder (ADHD) is, with a prevalence of 5 %, a highly common childhood disorder, and has severe impact on the lives of youngsters and their families. Medication is often the treatment of choice, as it currently is most effective. However, medication has only short-term effects, treatment adherence is often low and most importantly; medication has serious side effects. Therefore, there is a need for other interventions for youngsters with ADHD...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Beron W Z Tan, Julie A Pooley, Craig P Speelman
This review evaluates the efficacy of using physical exercise interventions on improving cognitive functions in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This review includes a meta-analysis based on a random-effects model of data reported in 22 studies with 579 participants aged 3-25 year old. The results revealed an overall small to medium effect of exercise on cognition, supporting the efficacy of exercise interventions in enhancing certain aspects of cognitive performance in individuals with ASD and/or ADHD...
September 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Anne E Den Heijer, Yvonne Groen, Lara Tucha, Anselm B M Fuermaier, Janneke Koerts, Klaus W Lange, Johannes Thome, Oliver Tucha
As attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most frequently diagnosed developmental disorders in childhood, effective yet safe treatment options are highly important. Recent research introduced physical exercise as a potential treatment option, particularly for children with ADHD. The aim of this review was to systematically analyze potential acute and chronic effects of cardio and non-cardio exercise on a broad range of functions in children with ADHD and to explore this in adults as well...
July 11, 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
Michael Armbrust, Christian Ehrig
The emotionally instable personality disorder, mostly called borderline disorder, shows central abnormalities in impulse control as well as instability of mood and identity. It is composed of behaviour problems in creating relationships and in self-management, first of all by high psychophysiological tension. The prevalence of this disorder is 10 % in outpatients and 20 % in inpatients and has therefore high relevance for the medical-psychotherapeutic care system. The treatment is deemed to be complex and interminable...
July 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
Chien-Yu Pan, Chia-Hua Chu, Chia-Liang Tsai, Shen-Yu Lo, Yun-Wen Cheng, Yu-Jen Liu
The present study assessed the effects of a 12-week table tennis exercise on motor skills, social behaviors, and executive functions in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In the first 12-week phase, 16 children (group I) received the intervention, whereas 16 children (group II) did not. A second 12-week phase immediately followed with the treatments reversed. Improvements were observed in executive functions in both groups after the intervention. After the first 12-week phase, some motor and behavioral functions improved in group I...
October 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Stephanie D Smith, Lawrence A Vitulano, Liliya Katsovich, Shuaixing Li, Christina Moore, Fenghua Li, Heidi Grantz, Xixi Zheng, Virginia Eicher, Selin Aktan Guloksuz, Yi Zheng, Jinxia Dong, Denis G Sukhodolsky, James F Leckman
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the efficacy of an Integrated Brain, Body, and Social (IBBS) intervention for children with ADHD. Treatment consisted of computerized cognitive remediation training, physical exercises, and a behavior management strategy. METHOD: Ninety-two children aged 5 to 9 years with ADHD were randomly assigned to 15 weeks of IBBS or to treatment-as-usual. Primary outcome measures included blinded clinician ratings of ADHD symptoms and global clinical functioning...
May 13, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
Timothy E Albertson, James A Chenoweth, Daniel K Colby, Mark E Sutter
There has been an increase in diagnoses of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), with approximately 9% of American children now diagnosed, and a concomitant increase in the use of stimulants (eg, amphetamines, methylphenidate) to manage ADHD. Nonstimulant drugs (eg, atomoxetine, guanfacine, clonidine) also are used, but most patients are treated with stimulants. All of these drugs are effective for management of ADHD, and, overall, use in childhood does not seem to increase the risk of substance abuse later in life...
February 2016: FP Essentials
Ruta Vysniauske, Lot Verburgh, Jaap Oosterlaan, Marc L Molendijk
OBJECTIVE: An increasing number of studies suggest possible beneficial effects of exercise in alleviating ADHD functional outcomes. The current study provides a quantitative meta-analysis of the available studies investigating this relationship. METHOD: Studies reporting on the effects of physical exercise on motor skills and executive functions in children with ADHD were identified through Cochrane, PsycInfo, PubMed, Web of Science databases. Ten publications were selected...
February 9, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
Michael Owen
I agree caution needs to be exercised in using methylphenidate, most commonly known as Ritalin, for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children, (clinical update, January 20).
February 10, 2016: Nursing Standard
Eduardo Esteban Bustamante, Catherine Lucy Davis, Stacy Lynn Frazier, Dana Rusch, Louis F Fogg, Marc S Atkins, David Xavier Marquez
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to test the feasibility and impact of a 10-wk after-school exercise program for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and/or disruptive behavior disorders living in an urban poor community. METHODS: Children were randomized to an exercise program (n = 19) or a comparable but sedentary attention control program (n = 16). Cognitive and behavioral outcomes were collected pre-/posttest. Intent-to-treat mixed models tested group-time and group-time-attendance interactions...
July 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Elise L Gibbs, Andrea E Kass, Dawn M Eichen, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Mickey Trockel, Denise E Wilfley
OBJECTIVE: To examine the misuse of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-specific stimulants in a college population at high risk for or with clinical or subclinical eating disorders. PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred forty-eight college-age women aged 18-25 at high risk for or with a clinical or subclinical eating disorder. METHODS: Participants completed assessments of stimulant misuse and psychopathology from September 2009 to June 2010...
May 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Kathryn M Fritz, Patrick J O'Connor
PURPOSE: Little is known about whether acute exercise affects signs or symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. This experiment sought to determine the effects of a single bout of moderate-intensity leg cycling exercise on measures of attention, hyperactivity, mood, and motivation to complete mental work in adult men reporting elevated ADHD symptoms. METHODS: A repeated-measures crossover experiment was conducted with 32 adult men (18-33 yr) with symptoms consistent with adult ADHD assessed by the Adult Self-Report Scale V1...
June 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Gregory A Fabiano, Nicole K Schatz, Kevin F Hulme, Karen L Morris, Rebecca K Vujnovic, Michael T Willoughby, Dwight Hennessy, Kemper E Lewis, Julie Owens, William E Pelham
OBJECTIVE: Youth with ADHD exhibit positive bias, an overestimation of ability, relative to external indicators. The positive bias construct is understudied in adolescents, particularly in the domain of driving. Study is needed as youth with ADHD experience greater negative outcomes in driving relative to typically developing teens. METHOD: Positive bias on a driving simulator task was investigated with 172 teenagers with ADHD, combined type. Youth participated in a driving simulation task and rated driving performance afterward...
December 4, 2015: Journal of Attention Disorders
Anne E den Heijer, Yvonne Groen, Anselm B M Fuermaier, Marieke J G van Heuvelen, Eddy A van der Zee, Lara Tucha, Oliver Tucha
OBJECTIVES: Whole Body Vibration (WBV) is a passive exercise method known to have beneficial effects on various physical measures. Studies on adults furthermore demonstrated beneficial effects of WBV treatment on cognition (e.g. inhibition). The present study replicated these findings in healthy children and examined acute effects of WBV treatment on inhibition. METHODS: Fifty-five healthy children (aged 8-13) participated in this within-subject design study. WBV treatment was applied by having the children sit on a chair mounted to a vibrating platform...
2015: PloS One
Sai Iyer, Maya Kumar, Michael I Reiff, Martin T Stein
Nicole is a 15-year-old girl presenting to the Developmental Behavioral Pediatrics Clinic with symptoms of the inattentive type of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and declining school performance over the last year. She expressed frustration over her inability to concentrate on schoolwork. Assuming that her poor grades were secondary to lack of effort, her parents withdrew privileges. Nicole became increasingly depressed. She stopped participating in activities, she previously enjoyed, and her parents reported that she stopped singing in the shower...
September 2015: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Barbara J Sahakian, Annette B Bruhl, Jennifer Cook, Clare Killikelly, George Savulich, Thomas Piercy, Sepehr Hafizi, Jesus Perez, Emilio Fernandez-Egea, John Suckling, Peter B Jones
In addition to causing distress and disability to the individual, neuropsychiatric disorders are also extremely expensive to society and governments. These disorders are both common and debilitating and impact on cognition, functionality and wellbeing. Cognitive enhancing drugs, such as cholinesterase inhibitors and methylphenidate, are used to treat cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, respectively. Other cognitive enhancers include specific computerized cognitive training and devices...
September 19, 2015: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Natalia Wrońska, Begonya Garcia-Zapirain, Amaia Mendez-Zorrilla
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), with a worldwide prevalence of 5.29%-7.1%, is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders among children and adolescents. Apart from typical symptoms like inattention, hyperactivity and impulsiveness, patients also evidence attention deficit problems with reading comprehension. This in turn causes poor school performance and widens the gap with peers without ADHD. This paper presents a novel and interactive tool based on Serious Games for Health, whose aim is not only to improve comprehension, but also hold the user's attention...
June 2015: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Andrea M Robinson, Thomas Buttolph, John T Green, David J Bucci
Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs), a commonly used animal model of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, exhibit little habituation of the orienting response to repeated presentations of a nonreinforced visual stimulus. However, SHRs that have access to a running wheel for 5, 10, or 21 days exhibit robust habituation that is indistinguishable from normo-active rats. Two days of exercise, in comparison, is not sufficient to affect habituation. Here we tested the hypothesis that the effect of exercise on orienting behavior in SHRs is mediated by changes in noradrenergic function...
June 2015: Behavioral Neuroscience
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