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Between Scylla and Charybdis

Chrysoula Argyrou, Demetrios Moris, Spiridon Vernadakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: Transplantation Reviews
C Y Ma, H Y Ma, G J Ren, W Wang, W Chen, J X Lu, X Zou, L B Ma
This study determined the mitochondrial genome structure of the blue swimming crab (Portunus pelagicus), and elucidated its phylogenetic relationships among the species within the order Decapoda. The complete mitochondrial genome was 16,155 bp long, and contained 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, and 1 DNA control region. The gene order of the genome was the same as that found within the family Portunidae. Twenty-three genes were on the heavy strand and 14 were on the light strand...
August 19, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Dragana Protic, Dragana Savic, Dragana Andjelkovic, Nina Djukanovic, Marija Zdravkovic, Sinisa F Djurasevic, Zoran Todorovic
INTRODUCTION: Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are increasingly resistant nosocomial pathogens. We aimed to analyze the prevalence of CoNS isolates in clinical settings, the evolution of antimicrobial resistance of CoNS, and antibiotic consumption in a hospital. METHODOLOGY: This retrospective cohort study was carried out at a tertiary healthcare facility over 17 months. Identification of isolated cultures and antibiotic susceptibility testing were performed using the Vitek2 system...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Vasilios Tzilas, Argyris Tzouvelekis, Spyridon Papiris, Demosthenes Bouros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
Louise M Bezuidenhout, Michael Morrison
BACKGROUND: The widespread sharing of biologicaConcluding Comments: Teaching Responsible Datal and biomedical data is recognised as a key element in facilitating translation of scientific discoveries into novel clinical applications and services. At the same time, twenty-first century states are increasingly concerned that this data could also be used for purposes of bioterrorism. There is thus a tension between the desire to promote the sharing of data, as encapsulated by the Open Data movement, and the desire to prevent this data from 'falling into the wrong hands' as represented by 'dual use' policies...
2016: BMC Medical Ethics
Derek S Wheeler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
George Ntaios, Gregory Y H Lip
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A significant proportion of stroke patients is treated with anticoagulants for secondary stroke prevention. Often, in such patients, stroke physicians are required to make difficult clinical decisions when confronted with the dilemma to choose between the risk of thromboembolism and the risk of bleeding. This article focuses on three common anticoagulant-related situations, where the stroke physician needs to find the delicate balance between the two risks. RECENT FINDINGS: Three typical case vignettes are presented and the associated dilemmas are discussed: a patient with an anticoagulant-related intracranial hemorrhage: would you restart anticoagulation?, an anticoagulated patient with a previous stroke because of atrial fibrillation is scheduled for an elective polyp removal: how would you handle anticoagulation perioperatively?, and a patient presents with an ischemic stroke because of atrial fibrillation: how soon would you start anticoagulation for secondary stroke prevention? The article summarizes the related literature and discusses the pros and cons of each choice...
February 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
Maurício R Fernandes, Alexandre D Pimenta
Triphoridae is one of the most speciose families of marine mollusks, being mainly represented by the subfamily Triphorinae. The present study aims to describe five new species of Triphorinae, and to report two species in Brazil previously known only from the Caribbean: Nanaphora verbernei (Moolenbeek & Faber) comb. nov. is herein disregarded as belonging to the genus Cheirodonta, owing to differences especially related to shell morphology; Triphora portoricensis Rolán & Redfern has its known geographic distribution greatly increased, despite its non-planktotrophic development; Cheirodonta mizifio sp...
2015: Zootaxa
Luigi Macchi, Anna Pavan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: European Journal of Internal Medicine
J Hofmeijer, L J Kappelle, C J M Klijn
In patients who have intracerebral haemorrhage while on antithrombotic treatment, there is no evidence from randomised clinical trials to support decisions with regard to antithrombotic medication. In the acute phase, we advise stopping all antithrombotic treatment with rapid reversal of antithrombotic effects of oral anticoagulants. After the acute phase, we discourage restarting oral anticoagulants in patients with a lobar haematoma caused by cerebral amyloid angiopathy because of the high risk of recurrent bleeding...
August 2015: Practical Neurology
Thomas C R Wilkes, Mary Kay Nixon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Miles Berger, Jeffrey Browndyke, Joseph P Mathew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Anesthesiology
J S Fisher, Z Butt, J Friedewald, S Fry-Revere, J Hanneman, M L Henderson, K Ladin, H Mysel, L Preczewski, L A Sherman, C Thiessen, E J Gordon
New approaches to address the kidney scarcity in the United States are urgently needed. The greatest potential source of kidneys is from living donors. Proposals to offer financial incentives to increase living kidney donation rates remain highly controversial. Despite repeated calls for a pilot study to assess the impact of financial compensation on living kidney donation rates, many fear that financial incentives will exploit vulnerable individuals and cast the field of transplantation in a negative public light, ultimately reducing donation rates...
May 2015: American Journal of Transplantation
Jonathan C K Wells
Hominin evolution saw the emergence of two traits-bipedality and encephalization-that are fundamentally linked because the fetal head must pass through the maternal pelvis at birth, a scenario termed the 'obstetric dilemma'. While adaptive explanations for bipedality and large brains address adult phenotype, it is brain and pelvic growth that are subject to the obstetric dilemma. Many contemporary populations experience substantial maternal and perinatal morbidity/mortality from obstructed labour, yet there is increasing recognition that the obstetric dilemma is not fixed and is affected by ecological change...
March 5, 2015: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Manu L N G Malbrain, Niels Van Regenmortel, Radosław Owczuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Patricia Mitchell, André Marette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Diabetes
Jeffrey C L Looi, Benny Liberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Laura Labriola, Michel Jadoul
In HD patients, the optimal choice of dialysate K concentration is of paramount importance. Recent large observational studies have documented an association between low dialysate K concentration (< 2 or even <3 mEq/L) and a higher risk of sudden death. In this review, we first briefly discuss the available data concerning the link between hypokalemia and negative outcomes in non-CKD populations, especially after an acute myocardial infarction or in congestive heart failure. We next review the pathophysiology of the arrhythmogenic effect related to K fluxes during HD and discuss the dialytic strategies aiming at making potassium fall more gradual and thus at reducing the electrical disturbances triggered by the HD session...
September 2014: Seminars in Dialysis
Michael H Hsieh, Max V Meng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2014: Journal of Urology
Elena Ernst, Matthias Girndt, Rainer U Pliquett
BACKGROUND: We report a case of progressive Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (Wegener's Granulomatosis) with life-threatening complications of both the underlying disease and induction immunosuppressive therapy. Here, for the first time, cyclophosphamide toxicity and severe opportunistic infections including pneumocystis jirovecii- pneumonia were found in one case in a close temporal relationship. CASE PRESENTATION: A 34-year-old male patient of Caucasian ethnicity presented with acute renal failure necessitating hemodialysis treatment due to Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (Wegener's Granulomatosis)...
February 4, 2014: BMC Nephrology
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