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Ptsd Mindfulness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815876/a-treatment-development-study-of-a-cognitive-and-mindfulness-based-therapy-for-adolescents-with-co-occurring-post-traumatic-stress-and-substance-use-disorder
#1
Lisa R Fortuna, Michelle V Porche, Auralyd Padilla
OBJECTIVE: Substance use is common among adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We aimed to develop and study an integrated treatment for adolescents with co-occurring disorders. DESIGN: This is a therapy development and open pilot trial study of a manualized therapy for adolescents with post-traumatic stress, depression, and substance use that uses a combination of cognitive therapy (CT) and mindfulness. METHODS: Descriptive statistics and paired sample t-tests were calculated to assess for changes in PTSD symptoms, depression, and substance use frequency from baseline to end of treatment using standardized measures and validated by urine drug screens...
August 16, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813317/mindfulness-in-ptsd-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Ariel J Lang
In recent years, the field has witnessed considerable enthusiasm for the ancient practice of mindfulness. The skills derived from this experience, including focused attention, nonjudgmental acceptance of internal experiences and reduced autonomic reactivity, may be helpful in counteracting pathological responses to trauma. Several types of interventions that incorporate principles of mindfulness have been examined for treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This nascent literature is inconsistent and methodologically limited but does suggest that mindfulness is a potentially important tool for creating psychological change...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806536/a-meta-analytic-investigation-of-the-impact-of-mindfulness-based-interventions-on-post-traumatic-stress
#3
REVIEW
Tanya L Hopwood, Nicola S Schutte
A number of studies have investigated the impact of mindfulness-based interventions on symptoms of post-traumatic stress (PTSD) compared to control conditions. The current meta-analysis consolidated findings from 18 studies reporting results for 21 samples of participants. Across studies, mindfulness-based treatments compared to control conditions were effective in ameliorating symptoms of PTSD, with Hedges' g=-0.44. Hedges' g was -0.59 for comparison of mindfulness-based interventions to waitlist control conditions...
August 4, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765006/rationale-design-and-implementation-of-a-clinical-trial-of-a-mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-protocol-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-comorbid-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-substance-use-disorder
#4
Caroline Vrana, Therese Killeen, Victoria Brant, Jana Mastrogiovanni, Nathaniel L Baker
Comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUD) commonly co-occur and is associated with a more complex clinical presentation with poorer clinical outcomes when compared with either disorder alone, and untreated PTSD can predict relapse to substance abuse. A number of integrated treatment approaches addressing symptoms of both PTSD and SUD concurrently demonstrate that both disorders can safely and effectively be treated concurrently. However, attrition and SUD relapse rates remain high and there is need to further develop new treatment approaches...
July 29, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741736/increased-mindfulness-skills-as-predictors-of-reduced-trauma-related-guilt-in-treatment-seeking-veterans
#5
Philip Held, Gina P Owens, J Richard Monroe, Kathleen M Chard
The present study examined the predictive role of increased self-reported mindfulness skills on reduced trauma-related guilt in a sample of veterans over the course of residential treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; N = 128). The residential treatment consisted of seven weeks of intensive cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for PTSD, as well as additional psychoeducational groups, including seven sessions on mindfulness skills. Increased mindfulness skills describing, acting with awareness, and accepting without judgment were significantly associated with reductions in trauma-related guilt over the course of treatment...
August 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707425/experiential-acceptance-and-trait-mindfulness-as-predictors-of-analogue-post-traumatic-stress
#6
Paul A Boelen, Lonneke I M Lenferink
OBJECTIVES: Experiential acceptance and trait-mindfulness are associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after traumatic events. This study was a preliminary attempt to examine (1) associations of experiential acceptance and trait-mindfulness with post-traumatic stress (PTS) associated with negative, but not necessarily traumatizing, life events ('analogue' PTS), (2) the role of these variables in the context of neuroticism as well as worry and rumination - two other regulatory strategies associated with PTS, and (3) the impact of pre-trauma tendencies towards experiential acceptance and mindfulness on analogue PTS...
July 14, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690665/use-of-integrative-medicine-in-the-united-states-military-health-system
#7
REVIEW
Cathaleen Madsen, Megan Vaughan, Tracey Pérez Koehlmoos
Integrative medicine (IM) is a model of care which uses both conventional and nonconventional therapies in a "whole person" approach to achieve optimum mental, physical, emotional, spiritual, and environmental health, and is increasingly popular among patients and providers seeking to relieve chronic or multifactorial conditions. The US Department of Defense (DoD) shows particular interest in and usage of IM for managing chronic conditions including the signature "polytrauma triad" of chronic pain, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among its beneficiaries in the Military Health System (MHS)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579965/neural-correlates-of-psychotherapeutic-treatment-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
Kathrin Malejko, Birgit Abler, Paul L Plener, Joana Straub
OBJECTIVES: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common psychiatric disease with changes in neural circuitries. Neurobiological models conceptualize the symptoms of PTSD as correlates of a dysfunctional stress reaction to traumatic events. Functional imaging studies showed an increased amygdala and a decreased prefrontal cortex response in PTSD patients. As psychotherapeutic approaches represent the gold standard for PTSD treatment, it is important to examine its underlying neurobiological correlates...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508360/genome-to-phenome-a-systems-biology-approach-to-ptsd-using-an-animal-model
#9
Nabarun Chakraborty, James Meyerhoff, Marti Jett, Rasha Hammamieh
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating illness that imposes significant emotional and financial burdens on military families. The understanding of PTSD etiology remains elusive; nonetheless, it is clear that PTSD is manifested by a cluster of symptoms including hyperarousal, reexperiencing of traumatic events, and avoidance of trauma reminders. With these characteristics in mind, several rodent models have been developed eliciting PTSD-like features. Animal models with social dimensions are of particular interest, since the social context plays a major role in the development and manifestation of PTSD...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458503/trauma-sensitive-yoga-as-a-complementary-treatment-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-qualitative-descriptive-analysis
#10
Jennifer West, Belle Liang, Joseph Spinazzola
Research on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and chronic childhood abuse has revealed that traditional trauma treatments often fail to fully address the complicated symptom presentation, including the somatic complaints, loss of awareness of one's emotional and physical being in the present moment, and overall lack of integration between the self and the body. The mindfulness-based intervention of hatha yoga shows promise as a complementary treatment, and focuses on personal growth in addition to symptom reduction...
May 2017: International Journal of Stress Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414000/maternal-mind-mindedness-and-toddler-behavior-problems-the-moderating-role-of-maternal-trauma-and-posttraumatic-stress
#11
M Ann Easterbrooks, Molly K Crossman, Alessandra Caruso, Maryna Raskin, Claudia Miranda-Julian
Maternal mind-mindedness (MM) reflects a caregiver's tendency to view a child as an individual with an independent mind. Research has linked higher MM with more favorable parenting and child adaptation. The aim of this study was to examine whether MM was associated with toddlers' behavior problems and competence, and the moderating role of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample (N = 212) of adolescent mothers and their toddlers. MM was coded from maternal utterances during free play; mothers completed the University of California at Los Angeles Trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index and reported on children's behavior problems and competence using the Brief Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment...
April 17, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406803/investigating-clinical-benefits-of-a-novel-sleep-focused-mind-body-program-on-gulf-war-illness-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Yoshio Nakamura, David L Lipschitz, Gary W Donaldson, Yuri Kida, Samuel L Williams, Richard Landward, Don W Glover, Gavin West, Ashok K Tuteja
OBJECTIVE: Mind-Body Bridging (MBB) has been shown to be effective for improving disturbed sleep. In this prospective randomized controlled trial, we evaluated the efficacy of sleep-focused MBB compared with sleep education control (SED) for improving sleep in previously deployed Gulf War veterans. METHODS: US military service members with sleep and physical health complaints who were deployed in 1990-1991 were randomized to receive three weekly sessions of either MBB (n = 33) or SED (n = 27) between 2012 and 2015...
July 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391116/improving-cognitive-control-in-adolescents-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd
#13
Susanne Schweizer, Zobair Samimi, Jafar Hasani, Alireza Moradi, Fatemeh Mirdoraghi, Mohammad Khaleghi
The adverse impact of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on the developing mind in adolescence can extend well into adulthood. The developmental malleability of cognitive control capacity in this age group, however, may hold particular promise for cognitive training interventions. The present study investigated the effects of affective working memory (aWMT) compared to placebo-training on cognitive and affective functioning in adolescents with PTSD. 30 treatment-seeking adolescents trained for 20 days on either an affective dual n-back task (aWMT; n = 15) or a feature match task (placebo; n = 15)...
June 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388283/does-trauma-exposure-predict-prescription-drug-problems-beyond-the-contribution-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-an-analysis-of-the-mind-your-heart-cohort-study
#14
Raj K Kalapatapu, Tatiana P Dannenbaum, John D Harbison, Beth E Cohen
It is not clear from prior studies whether trauma exposure predicts substance use problems independent of psychiatric comorbidities. Most prior studies were cross-sectional in nature, and none focused on prescription drug problems. To address this gap in the literature, the current article is a secondary analysis of veterans from the Mind Your Heart prospective cohort study. The primary research question is whether trauma exposure predicts prescription drug problems even after controlling for major psychiatric symptoms, such as post-traumatic stress disorder and depression...
July 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263646/psychometric-properties-of-a-polish-version-of-the-inventory-of-cognitive-affect-regulation-strategies-icarus
#15
Urszula Barańczuk, Bogdan Zawadzki, Barbara W Kamholz, Adele M Hayes, Amy Lawrence
The aim of the present study was to develop a Polish version of the Inventory of Cognitive Affect Regulation Strategies (ICARUS) and to examine its psychometric properties in a sample of trauma-exposed individuals. The fidelity of instrument translation was assessed in bilingual retests with 103 undergraduate students of English philology. Psychometric properties were examined in a sample of 1,129 trauma-exposed participants. The Polish version of ICARUS exhibited (a) substantial congruence between item and scale scores with the English version of ICARUS; (b) acceptable internal consistency, ranging from α = ...
March 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261144/parallel-distinct-structures-of-internal-world-and-external-reality-disavowing-and-re-claiming-the-self-identity-in-the-aftermath-of-trauma-generated-dissociation
#16
Vedat Şar
The nature of consciousness and the autonomy of the individual's mind have been a focus of interest throughout the past century and inspired many theories and models. Revival of studies on psychological trauma and dissociation, which remained outside mainstream psychiatry, psychology, and psychoanalysis for the most part of the past century, has provided a new opportunity to revisit this intellectual and scientific endeavor. This paper attempts to integrate a series of empirical and theoretical studies on psychological consequences of developmental traumatization, which may yield further insight into factors which threaten the integrity of human consciousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104779/significant-methodological-flaws-limit-conclusions-drawn-by-authors-of-a-recent-ptsd-mindfulness-study
#17
Daniel J Lee, Charles W Hoge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068139/do-acceptance-and-mindfulness-moderate-the-relationship-between-maladaptive-beliefs-and-posttraumatic-distress
#18
Jillian C Shipherd, Kristalyn Salters-Pedneault
OBJECTIVE: Maladaptive pre- and posttraumatic beliefs are reliable predictors of distress in the wake of trauma. Acceptance and mindfulness skills may be associated with less distress in the presence of these beliefs, but few studies have explored these relationships. This study examined whether individual differences in acceptance and mindfulness moderate the relationship between maladaptive thoughts and distress in postdeployment soldiers. METHOD: We explored the relationships between posttraumatic maladaptive beliefs, acceptance, mindfulness, and posttraumatic distress (posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD] and general psychological symptoms) in a sample of recently postdeployed active duty U...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051971/what-are-effective-psychological-interventions-for-veterans-with-sleep-disturbances-a-rapid-evidence-assessment
#19
Andrea J Phelps, Tracey Varker, Olivia Metcalf, Lisa Dell
BACKGROUND: Insomnia and related sleep disturbances commonly occur in veterans, with prevalence rates as high as 90% reported in some studies. Military-specific factors such as sleep disturbances during military training and deployment, as well as a higher prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is known to poorly impact sleep, may contribute to higher insomnia rates in veterans. Although evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of insomnia exist, the unique nature of veterans sleep problems means they may differ in their response to treatment...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924620/the-frequency-of-ptsd-and-subthreshold-ptsd-among-african-american-women-with-depressive-symptoms-in-a-disadvantaged-urban-neighborhood-pilot-study
#20
Sunghyun Hong, Inger Burnett-Zeigler
Racial/ethnic minority women in a disadvantaged urban neighborhood may experience a high rate of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. This brief report examined the frequency of a PTSD diagnosis and subthreshold PTSD among 72 female participants with depressive symptoms in a mindfulness-based intervention for depression at an urban federally qualified health center (FQHC). The MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview was used to assess PTSD diagnosis or subthreshold PTSD, and the Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Self-Report (IDS-SR) was used to assess depressive symptoms...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
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