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Ptsd Mindfulness

Aoife O'Donovan, Ashkan J Ahmadian, Thomas C Neylan, Mark A Pacult, Donald Edmondson, Beth E Cohen
[OBJECTIVE]: Elevated inflammation has been repeatedly observed in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and it may drive the development of both psychiatric symptoms and physical comorbidities. However, it is not clear if elevated inflammation is a feature of both remitted and current PTSD, and little is known about relationships between specific clusters of PTSD symptoms and inflammation. Exaggerated threat sensitivity, as indexed by threat reactivity and avoidance of perceived threats, may be particularly closely associated with inflammation...
October 17, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Anthony P King, Stefanie R Block, Rebecca K Sripada, Sheila A M Rauch, Katherine E Porter, Todd K Favorite, Nicholas Giardino, Israel Liberzon
Combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common among returning veterans, and is a serious and debilitating disorder. While highly effective treatments involving trauma exposure exist, difficulties with engagement and early drop may lead to sub-optimal outcomes. Mindfulness training may provide a method for increasing emotional regulation skills that may improve engagement in trauma-focused therapy. Here, we examine potential neural correlates of mindfulness training and in vivo exposure (non-trauma focused) using a novel group therapy [mindfulness-based exposure therapy (MBET)] in Afghanistan (OEF) or Iraq (OIF) combat veterans with PTSD...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Sarah Bowen, Danielle De Boer, Aaron L Bergman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Marina A Khusid, Meena Vythilingam
Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been increasingly utilized in the management of mental health conditions. This first review of a two-part series evaluates the efficacy, mechanism, and safety of mindfulness meditation for mental health conditions frequently seen after return from deployment. Standard databases were searched until August 4, 2015. 52 systematic reviews and randomized clinical trials were included. The Strength of Recommendation (SOR) Taxonomy was used to assess the quality of individual studies and to rate the strength of evidence for each clinical condition...
September 2016: Military Medicine
Lara Hilton, Alicia Ruelaz Maher, Benjamin Colaiaco, Eric Apaydin, Melony E Sorbero, Marika Booth, Roberta M Shanman, Susanne Hempel
Objective: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis that synthesized evidence from randomized controlled trials of meditation interventions to provide estimates of their efficacy and safety in treating adults diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This review was based on an established protocol (PROSPERO: CRD42015025782) and is reported according to PRISMA guidelines. Outcomes of interest included PTSD symptoms, depression, anxiety, health-related quality of life, functional status, and adverse events...
August 18, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Danielle Beck, Lindsay Cosco Holt, Joseph Burkard, Taylor Andrews, Lin Liu, Pia Heppner, Jill E Bormann
Statistics show that more than 80% of Veterans mention posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-related symptoms when seeking treatment. Sleep disturbances and nightmares are among the top 3 presenting problems. Current PTSD trauma-focused therapies generally do not improve sleep disturbances. The mantram repetition program (MRP), a mind-body-spiritual intervention, teaches a portable set of cognitive-spiritual skills for symptom management. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the MRP on insomnia in Veterans with PTSD in a naturalistic, clinical setting...
August 11, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
Michelle G Newman, Ki Eun Shin, Andrea R Zuellig
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of clarity regarding specific risk factors discriminating generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) from panic disorder (PD). GOAL: This study investigated whether GAD and PD could be discriminated through differences in developmental etiological factors including childhood parental loss/separation, psychological disorders, and maternal and paternal attachment. METHOD: Twenty people with adult generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), 20 with adult panic disorder (PD), 11 with adult comorbid GAD and PD, and 21 adult non-anxious controls completed diagnostic interviews to assess symptoms of mental disorders in adulthood and childhood...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Sean O'Mahony, James Gerhart, Ira Abrams, Michelle Greene, Rory McFadden, Sara Tamizuddin, Mitchell M Levy
AIM: Medical providers may face unique emotional challenges when confronted with the suffering of chronically ill, dying, and bereaved children. This study assessed the preliminary outcomes of participation in a group-based multimodal mindfulness training pilot designed to reduce symptoms of burnout and mental health symptoms in providers who interact with children in the context of end-of-life care. METHODS: A total of 13 medical providers who care for children facing life-threatening illness or bereaved children participated in a 9-session multimodal mindfulness session...
July 21, 2016: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Christina Hagen, Lars Lien, Edvard Hauff, Trond Heir
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that mindfulness is a protective factor that buffers individuals from experiencing severe posttraumatic stress following exposure to a trauma. We aimed to examine the association between dispositional (trait) mindfulness and posttraumatic stress in individuals who had been exposed to the trauma of a natural disaster. METHOD: A disaster group (n = 25) consisting of Norwegian tourists who survived the 2004 South East Asian tsunami at a location with high mortality rates was recruited...
2016: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
Michael Armbrust, Christian Ehrig
The emotionally instable personality disorder, mostly called borderline disorder, shows central abnormalities in impulse control as well as instability of mood and identity. It is composed of behaviour problems in creating relationships and in self-management, first of all by high psychophysiological tension. The prevalence of this disorder is 10 % in outpatients and 20 % in inpatients and has therefore high relevance for the medical-psychotherapeutic care system. The treatment is deemed to be complex and interminable...
July 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
Trine Stårup Madsen, Jessica Carlsson, Maja Nordbrandt, Jonna Anne Jensen
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate refugee experiences of individual Basic Body Awareness Therapy (BBAT) and the level of transference into daily life. METHOD: Qualitative research using semi-structured interviews. Malterud's version of Giorgi's 4-step analysis was used to analyse the data. PARTICIPANTS: Three traumatised refugees with PTSD who had completed 14-20 individual BBAT sessions. RESULTS: The participants experienced the movements in BBAT as small and simple with big effects...
April 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Kyle R Stephenson, Tracy L Simpson, Michelle E Martinez, David J Kearney
OBJECTIVES: The current study assessed associations between changes in 5 facets of mindfulness (Acting With Awareness, Observing, Describing, Non-Reactivity, and Nonjudgment) and changes in 4 posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters (Re-Experiencing, Avoidance, Emotional Numbing, and Hyperarousal symptoms) among veterans participating in mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). METHOD: Secondary analyses were performed with a combined data set consisting of 2 published and 2 unpublished trials of MBSR conducted at a large Veterans Affairs hospital...
May 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Diane Scotland-Coogan, Erin Davis
Physiological symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) manifest as increased arousal and reactivity seen as anger outburst, irritability, reckless behavior with no concern for consequences, hypervigilance, sleep disturbance, and problems with focus (American Psychiatric Association, 2013 ). In seeking the most beneficial treatment for PTSD, consideration must be given to the anxiety response. Relaxation techniques are shown to help address the physiological manifestations of prolonged stress. The techniques addressed by the authors in this article include mindfulness, deep breathing, yoga, and meditation...
September 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
Phillip J Albrecht, Frank L Rice
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a clinical disorder predominant in females with unknown etiology and medically unexplained symptoms (MUS), similar to other afflictions, including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Gulf War illness (GFI), and others. External environmental stimuli drive behavior and impact physiologic homeostasis (internal environment) via autonomic functioning. These environments directly impact the individual affective state (mind), which feeds back to regulate physiology (body)...
June 1, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
Anthony P King, Stefanie R Block, Rebecca K Sripada, Sheila Rauch, Nicholas Giardino, Todd Favorite, Michael Angstadt, Daniel Kessler, Robert Welsh, Israel Liberzon
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that mindfulness may be an effective component for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment. Mindfulness involves practice in volitional shifting of attention from "mind wandering" to present-moment attention to sensations, and cultivating acceptance. We examined potential neural correlates of mindfulness training using a novel group therapy (mindfulness-based exposure therapy (MBET)) in combat veterans with PTSD deployed to Afghanistan (OEF) and/or Iraq (OIF)...
April 2016: Depression and Anxiety
Amber Kelly, Eric L Garland
OBJECTIVE: This pilot randomized controlled trial evaluated a novel trauma-informed model of mindfulness-based stress reduction (TI-MBSR) as a phase I trauma intervention for female survivors of interpersonal violence (IPV). METHOD: A community-based sample of women (mean age = 41.5, standard deviation = 14.6) with a history of IPV was randomly assigned to an 8-week TI-MBSR intervention (n = 23) or a waitlist control group (n = 22). Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression as well as anxious and avoidant attachment were assessed pre- and postintervention...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Petra Filkuková, Tine K Jensen, Gertrud Sofie Hafstad, Hanne Torvund Minde, Grete Dyb
BACKGROUND: The structure of trauma narratives is considered to be related to posttraumatic stress symptomatology and thus the capacity to make a coherent narrative after stressful events is crucial for mental health. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to understand more of the relationship between narrative structure and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). More specifically, we investigated whether internal and external focus, organization, fragmentation, and length differed between two groups of adolescent survivors of a mass shooting, one group with low levels of PTSS and one group with high levels of PTSS...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Alison Rhodes, Joseph Spinazzola, Bessel van der Kolk
INTRODUCTION: Yoga-the integrative practice of physical postures and movement, breath exercises, and mindfulness-may serve as a useful adjunctive component of trauma-focused treatment to build skills in tolerating and modulating physiologic and affective states that have become dysregulated by trauma exposure. A previous randomized controlled study was carried out among 60 women with chronic, treatment-resistant post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and associated mental health problems stemming from prolonged or multiple trauma exposures...
March 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Helané Wahbeh, Elena Goodrich, Elizabeth Goy, Barry S Oken
OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to evaluate the effect of two common components of meditation (mindfulness and slow breathing) on potential mechanistic pathways. METHODS: A total of 102 combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were randomized to (a) the body scan mindfulness meditation (MM), (b) slow breathing (SB) with a biofeedback device, (c) mindful awareness of the breath with an intention to slow the breath (MM+SB), or (d) sitting quietly (SQ)...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Paul Thuras, Melissa A Polusny, Kelvin O Lim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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