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Ptsd Mindfulness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905829/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-dimensions-and-asthma-morbidity-in-world-trade-center-rescue-and-recovery-workers
#1
Irina Mindlis, Esperanza Morales-Raveendran, Emily Goodman, Kevin Xu, Clara Vila-Castelar, Kristine Keller, Ginger Crawford, Shynah James, Craig Katz, Laura E Crowley, Rafael E de la Hoz, Steven Markowitz, Juan P Wisnivesky
Objective Using data from a cohort of World Trade Center (WTC) rescue and recovery workers with asthma, we assessed whether meeting criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), sub- PTSD and for specific PTSD symptom dimensions are associated with increased asthma morbidity. Methods Participants underwent a Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual to assess presence of PTSD following DSM-IV criteria during in-person interviews between December 2013 and April 2015. We defined sub-threshold PTSD as meeting criteria for two of three symptom dimensions: re-experiencing, avoidance, or hyper-arousal...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899398/feasibility-qualitative-findings-and-satisfaction-of-a-brief-tai-chi-mind-body-programme-for-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#2
Barbara L Niles, DeAnna L Mori, Craig P Polizzi, Anica Pless Kaiser, Annie M Ledoux, Chenchen Wang
OBJECTIVE: To examine feasibility, qualitative feedback and satisfaction associated with a 4-session introduction to Tai Chi for veterans with post-traumatic stress symptoms. DESIGN: We observed and reported recruitment and retention rates, participant characteristics, adherence, and satisfaction across 2 cohorts. We also examined qualitative feedback provided by questionnaires, focus groups and individual interviews. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Rates of recruitment and retention, focus group and individual feedback interviews, self-reported satisfaction...
November 29, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819790/-correlation-between-psychological-state-and-emotional-intelligence-in-residents-of-gynecology-and-obstetrics
#3
Sebastián Carranza-Lira
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence is our capacity to acknowledge our own emotions, and the emotions of other people; it also has to do with the way emotions must be understood, and used productively. Given that an altered state of mind can have an impact on emotional intelligence, our objective was to correlate the psychological state with emotional intelligence in residents of gynecology, and obstetrics. METHODS: We assessed 76 gynecology and obstetrics residents by using What's my M3 and TMMS-24 instruments, in order to know the influence of psychological state on emotional intelligence...
November 2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765647/current-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-exaggerated-threat-sensitivity-associated-with-elevated-inflammation-in-the-mind-your-heart-study
#4
Aoife O'Donovan, Ashkan J Ahmadian, Thomas C Neylan, Mark A Pacult, Donald Edmondson, Beth E Cohen
[OBJECTIVE]: Elevated inflammation has been repeatedly observed in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and it may drive the development of both psychiatric symptoms and physical comorbidities. However, it is not clear if elevated inflammation is a feature of both remitted and current PTSD, and little is known about relationships between specific clusters of PTSD symptoms and inflammation. Exaggerated threat sensitivity, as indexed by threat reactivity and avoidance of perceived threats, may be particularly closely associated with inflammation...
October 17, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703434/a-pilot-study-of-mindfulness-based-exposure-therapy-in-oef-oif-combat-veterans-with-ptsd-altered-medial-frontal-cortex-and-amygdala-responses-in-social-emotional-processing
#5
Anthony P King, Stefanie R Block, Rebecca K Sripada, Sheila A M Rauch, Katherine E Porter, Todd K Favorite, Nicholas Giardino, Israel Liberzon
Combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common among returning veterans, and is a serious and debilitating disorder. While highly effective treatments involving trauma exposure exist, difficulties with engagement and early drop may lead to sub-optimal outcomes. Mindfulness training may provide a method for increasing emotional regulation skills that may improve engagement in trauma-focused therapy. Here, we examine potential neural correlates of mindfulness training and in vivo exposure (non-trauma focused) using a novel group therapy [mindfulness-based exposure therapy (MBET)] in Afghanistan (OEF) or Iraq (OIF) combat veterans with PTSD...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664564/the-role-of-mindfulness-as-approach-based-coping-in-the-ptsd-substance-abuse-cycle
#6
Sarah Bowen, Danielle De Boer, Aaron L Bergman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612338/the-emerging-role-of-mindfulness-meditation-as-effective-self-management-strategy-part-1-clinical-implications-for-depression-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-anxiety
#7
Marina A Khusid, Meena Vythilingam
Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been increasingly utilized in the management of mental health conditions. This first review of a two-part series evaluates the efficacy, mechanism, and safety of mindfulness meditation for mental health conditions frequently seen after return from deployment. Standard databases were searched until August 4, 2015. 52 systematic reviews and randomized clinical trials were included. The Strength of Recommendation (SOR) Taxonomy was used to assess the quality of individual studies and to rate the strength of evidence for each clinical condition...
September 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537781/meditation-for-posttraumatic-stress-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Lara Hilton, Alicia Ruelaz Maher, Benjamin Colaiaco, Eric Apaydin, Melony E Sorbero, Marika Booth, Roberta M Shanman, Susanne Hempel
Objective: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis that synthesized evidence from randomized controlled trials of meditation interventions to provide estimates of their efficacy and safety in treating adults diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This review was based on an established protocol (PROSPERO: CRD42015025782) and is reported according to PRISMA guidelines. Outcomes of interest included PTSD symptoms, depression, anxiety, health-related quality of life, functional status, and adverse events...
August 18, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525960/efficacy-of-the-mantram-repetition-program-for-insomnia-in-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-naturalistic-study
#9
Danielle Beck, Lindsay Cosco Holt, Joseph Burkard, Taylor Andrews, Lin Liu, Pia Heppner, Jill E Bormann
Statistics show that more than 80% of Veterans mention posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-related symptoms when seeking treatment. Sleep disturbances and nightmares are among the top 3 presenting problems. Current PTSD trauma-focused therapies generally do not improve sleep disturbances. The mantram repetition program (MRP), a mind-body-spiritual intervention, teaches a portable set of cognitive-spiritual skills for symptom management. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the MRP on insomnia in Veterans with PTSD in a naturalistic, clinical setting...
August 11, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466747/developmental-risk-factors-in-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-panic-disorder
#10
Michelle G Newman, Ki Eun Shin, Andrea R Zuellig
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of clarity regarding specific risk factors discriminating generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) from panic disorder (PD). GOAL: This study investigated whether GAD and PD could be discriminated through differences in developmental etiological factors including childhood parental loss/separation, psychological disorders, and maternal and paternal attachment. METHOD: Twenty people with adult generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), 20 with adult panic disorder (PD), 11 with adult comorbid GAD and PD, and 21 adult non-anxious controls completed diagnostic interviews to assess symptoms of mental disorders in adulthood and childhood...
December 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443283/a-multimodal-mindfulness-training-to-address-mental-health-symptoms-in-providers-who-care-for-and-interact-with-children-in-relation-to-end-of-life-care
#11
Sean O'Mahony, James Gerhart, Ira Abrams, Michelle Greene, Rory McFadden, Sara Tamizuddin, Mitchell M Levy
AIM: Medical providers may face unique emotional challenges when confronted with the suffering of chronically ill, dying, and bereaved children. This study assessed the preliminary outcomes of participation in a group-based multimodal mindfulness training pilot designed to reduce symptoms of burnout and mental health symptoms in providers who interact with children in the context of end-of-life care. METHODS: A total of 13 medical providers who care for children facing life-threatening illness or bereaved children participated in a 9-session multimodal mindfulness session...
July 21, 2016: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435165/is-mindfulness-protective-against-ptsd-a-neurocognitive-study-of-25-tsunami-disaster-survivors
#12
Christina Hagen, Lars Lien, Edvard Hauff, Trond Heir
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that mindfulness is a protective factor that buffers individuals from experiencing severe posttraumatic stress following exposure to a trauma. We aimed to examine the association between dispositional (trait) mindfulness and posttraumatic stress in individuals who had been exposed to the trauma of a natural disaster. METHOD: A disaster group (n = 25) consisting of Norwegian tourists who survived the 2004 South East Asian tsunami at a location with high mortality rates was recruited...
2016: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388871/-skills-training-for-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#13
Michael Armbrust, Christian Ehrig
The emotionally instable personality disorder, mostly called borderline disorder, shows central abnormalities in impulse control as well as instability of mood and identity. It is composed of behaviour problems in creating relationships and in self-management, first of all by high psychophysiological tension. The prevalence of this disorder is 10 % in outpatients and 20 % in inpatients and has therefore high relevance for the medical-psychotherapeutic care system. The treatment is deemed to be complex and interminable...
July 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27210839/refugee-experiences-of-individual-basic-body-awareness-therapy-and-the-level-of-transference-into-daily-life-an-interview-study
#14
Trine Stårup Madsen, Jessica Carlsson, Maja Nordbrandt, Jonna Anne Jensen
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate refugee experiences of individual Basic Body Awareness Therapy (BBAT) and the level of transference into daily life. METHOD: Qualitative research using semi-structured interviews. Malterud's version of Giorgi's 4-step analysis was used to analyse the data. PARTICIPANTS: Three traumatised refugees with PTSD who had completed 14-20 individual BBAT sessions. RESULTS: The participants experienced the movements in BBAT as small and simple with big effects...
April 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152480/changes-in-mindfulness-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-veterans-enrolled-in-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction
#15
Kyle R Stephenson, Tracy L Simpson, Michelle E Martinez, David J Kearney
OBJECTIVES: The current study assessed associations between changes in 5 facets of mindfulness (Acting With Awareness, Observing, Describing, Non-Reactivity, and Nonjudgment) and changes in 4 posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters (Re-Experiencing, Avoidance, Emotional Numbing, and Hyperarousal symptoms) among veterans participating in mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). METHOD: Secondary analyses were performed with a combined data set consisting of 2 published and 2 unpublished trials of MBSR conducted at a large Veterans Affairs hospital...
May 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27119722/relaxation-techniques-for-trauma
#16
Diane Scotland-Coogan, Erin Davis
Physiological symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) manifest as increased arousal and reactivity seen as anger outburst, irritability, reckless behavior with no concern for consequences, hypervigilance, sleep disturbance, and problems with focus (American Psychiatric Association, 2013 ). In seeking the most beneficial treatment for PTSD, consideration must be given to the anxiety response. Relaxation techniques are shown to help address the physiological manifestations of prolonged stress. The techniques addressed by the authors in this article include mindfulness, deep breathing, yoga, and meditation...
September 2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27105483/fibromyalgia-syndrome-pathology-and-environmental-influences-on-afflictions-with-medically-unexplained-symptoms
#17
Phillip J Albrecht, Frank L Rice
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a clinical disorder predominant in females with unknown etiology and medically unexplained symptoms (MUS), similar to other afflictions, including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Gulf War illness (GFI), and others. External environmental stimuli drive behavior and impact physiologic homeostasis (internal environment) via autonomic functioning. These environments directly impact the individual affective state (mind), which feeds back to regulate physiology (body)...
June 1, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27038410/altered-default-mode-network-dmn-resting-state-functional-connectivity-following-a-mindfulness-based-exposure-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-in-combat-veterans-of-afghanistan-and-iraq
#18
Anthony P King, Stefanie R Block, Rebecca K Sripada, Sheila Rauch, Nicholas Giardino, Todd Favorite, Michael Angstadt, Daniel Kessler, Robert Welsh, Israel Liberzon
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that mindfulness may be an effective component for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment. Mindfulness involves practice in volitional shifting of attention from "mind wandering" to present-moment attention to sensations, and cultivating acceptance. We examined potential neural correlates of mindfulness training using a novel group therapy (mindfulness-based exposure therapy (MBET)) in combat veterans with PTSD deployed to Afghanistan (OEF) and/or Iraq (OIF)...
April 2016: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27002222/trauma-informed-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-female-survivors-of-interpersonal-violence-results-from-a-stage-i-rct
#19
Amber Kelly, Eric L Garland
OBJECTIVE: This pilot randomized controlled trial evaluated a novel trauma-informed model of mindfulness-based stress reduction (TI-MBSR) as a phase I trauma intervention for female survivors of interpersonal violence (IPV). METHOD: A community-based sample of women (mean age = 41.5, standard deviation = 14.6) with a history of IPV was randomly assigned to an 8-week TI-MBSR intervention (n = 23) or a waitlist control group (n = 22). Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression as well as anxious and avoidant attachment were assessed pre- and postintervention...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26988972/the-relationship-between-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-narrative-structure-among-adolescent-terrorist-attack-survivors
#20
Petra Filkuková, Tine K Jensen, Gertrud Sofie Hafstad, Hanne Torvund Minde, Grete Dyb
BACKGROUND: The structure of trauma narratives is considered to be related to posttraumatic stress symptomatology and thus the capacity to make a coherent narrative after stressful events is crucial for mental health. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to understand more of the relationship between narrative structure and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). More specifically, we investigated whether internal and external focus, organization, fragmentation, and length differed between two groups of adolescent survivors of a mass shooting, one group with low levels of PTSS and one group with high levels of PTSS...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
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