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anxiety disorder 2015

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912875/long-term-chamomile-matricaria-chamomilla-l-treatment-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Jun J Mao, Sharon X Xie, John R Keefe, Irene Soeller, Qing S Li, Jay D Amsterdam
BACKGROUND: Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is one of the most common anxiety disorders treated in primary care, yet current therapies have limited efficacy and substantial side effects. PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) use for prevention of GAD symptom relapse. METHODS: Outpatients from primary care practices and local communities with a primary diagnosis of moderate-to-severe GAD were enrolled for this two-phase study at a large US academic medical center...
December 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911316/risk-factors-for-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-german-primary-care-practices
#2
Louis Jacob, Jens Bohlken, Karel Kostev
BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a common mental disorder affecting around 16% of elderly people without dementia. MCI is considered an intermediate state between normal cognition and dementia. OBJECTIVE: To analyze risk factors for the development of MCI in German primary care practices. METHODS: In total, 3,604 MCI patients and 3,604 controls without MCI were included between January 2010 and December 2015. Several disorders potentially associated with MCI were determined...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898207/a-breathing-based-meditation-intervention-for-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-following-inadequate-response-to-antidepressants-a-randomized-pilot-study
#3
Anup Sharma, Marna S Barrett, Andrew J Cucchiara, Nalaka S Gooneratne, Michael E Thase
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate feasibility, efficacy, and tolerability of Sudarshan Kriya yoga (SKY) as an adjunctive intervention in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) with inadequate response to antidepressant treatment. METHODS: Patients with MDD (defined by DSM-IV-TR) who were depressed despite ≥ 8 weeks of antidepressant treatment were randomized to SKY or a waitlist control (delayed yoga) arm for 8 weeks. The primary efficacy end point was change in 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS-17) total score from baseline to 2 months...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888974/early-intervention-in-schizophrenia-a-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Sunny Chieh Cheng, Karen G Schepp
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder seen across the world. Recently, investigators have witnessed an upsurge in research on the potential benefits of early intervention during the prodromal stage: the sooner people start the treatment at their first psychotic episode, the better outcome on symptom relief and better functioning. This paper aims to critically review and synthesize empirical evidence published between 2005 and 2015 regarding the effectiveness of preemptive interventions on transition rate, symptom severity, depression, anxiety, and function level...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877043/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-mental-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-exploratory-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Sergio Luís Blay, João Vicente Augusto Aguiar, Ives Cavalcante Passos
BACKGROUND: The association between depression, anxiety, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is still unclear. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess the rates of comorbid psychiatric disorders among women with PCOS compared to women without it. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception to November 27, 2015. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they were original reports in which the rates of mood (bipolar disorder, dysthymia, or major depressive disorder), obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders, trauma- and stressor-related disorders, anxiety disorders or psychotic disorders, somatic symptom and related disorders, or eating disorders had been investigated among women with an established diagnosis of PCOS and compared with women without PCOS...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874837/effectiveness-of-spiritist-passe-spiritual-healing-on-the-psychophysiological-parameters-in-hospitalized-patients
#6
Élida Mara Carneiro, Giselle Vanessa Moraes, Guilherme Azevedo Terra
Context • The coexistence of affective disorders, especially anxiety and depression, with medical illness is a topic of considerable clinical and research interest. Complementary biofield modalities are therapies that involve touch or placement of the hands in or through biofields. Spiritual healing, or Spiritist passe (SP), is a kind of laying on of hands (LOH), and therefore is a biofield therapy. Objective • The current study intended to evaluate the effects of SP on psychological parameters such as anxiety and depression and on the perceptions of muscle tension and wellness as well as physiological parameters, such as pain intensity, heart rate (HR), and oxygen saturation (SpO2)...
July 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862574/person-misfit-on-the-inventory-of-depressive-symptomatology-low-quality-self-report-or-true-atypical-symptom-profile
#7
Judith M Conijn, Philip Spinhoven, Rob R Meijer, Femke Lamers
Person misfit on a self-report measure refers to a response pattern that is unlikely given a theoretical measurement model. Person misfit may reflect low quality self-report data, for example due to random responding or misunderstanding of items. However, recent research in the context of psychopathology suggests that person misfit may reflect atypical symptom profiles that have implications for diagnosis or treatment. We followed-up on Wanders et al. (Journal of Affective Disorders, 180, 36-43, 2015) who investigated person misfit on the Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (IDS) in the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (n = 2,981)...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855478/interventions-for-treating-burning-mouth-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Roddy McMillan, Heli Forssell, John Ag Buchanan, Anne-Marie Glenny, Jo C Weldon, Joanna M Zakrzewska
BACKGROUND: Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a term used for oral mucosal pain (burning pain or discomfort in the tongue, lips or entire oral cavity) without identifiable cause. General population prevalence varies from 0.1% to 3.9%. Many BMS patients indicate anxiety, depression, personality disorders and impaired quality of life (QoL). This review updates the previous versions published in 2000 and 2005. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and safety of any intervention versus placebo for symptom relief and changes in QoL, taste, and feeling of dryness in people with BMS...
November 18, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835720/a-novel-therapy-for-chronic-sleep-onset-insomnia-a-retrospective-nonrandomized-controlled-study-of-auto-adjusting-dual-level-positive-airway-pressure-technology
#9
Barry Krakow, Victor A Ulibarri, Natalia D McIver, Michael R Nadorff
Objective: Evidence indicates that behavioral or drug therapy may not target underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms for chronic insomnia, possibly due to previously unrecognized high rates (30%-90%) of sleep apnea in chronic insomnia patients. Although treatment studies with positive airway pressure (PAP) demonstrate decreased severity of chronic sleep maintenance insomnia in patients with co-occurring sleep apnea, sleep-onset insomnia has not shown similar results. We hypothesized advanced PAP technology would be associated with decreased sleep-onset insomnia severity in a sample of predominantly psychiatric patients with comorbid sleep apnea...
September 29, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830922/pediatric-selective-mutism-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Maria Esposito, Francesca Gimigliano, Maria R Barillari, Francesco Precenzano, Maria Ruberto, Joseph Sepe, Umberto Barillari, Raffaele Gimigliano, Roberto Militerni, Giovanni Messina, Marco Carotenuto
BACKGROUND: Selective Mutism (SM) is a rare disease in children coded by DSM-5 as an anxiety disorder. Despite the disabling nature of the disease, there is still no specific treatment. AIMS: The aims of this study were to verify the efficacy of six-month standard psychomotor treatment and the positive changes in lifestyle, in a population of children affected by SM. DESIGN: Randomised Controlled Trial registered in the European Clinical Trials Registry (EuDract 2015-001161-36)...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826323/bipolar-i-and-ii-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-differences-in-comorbid-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#11
REVIEW
Andrea Amerio, Brendon Stubbs, Anna Odone, Matteo Tonna, Carlo Marchesi, S Nassir Ghaemi
CONTEXT: More than half of the bipolar disorder (BD) cases have an additional diagnosis; one of the most difficult to manage is obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Although some authors recently investigated the co-occurrence of anxiety and BD, the topic remains insufficiently studied. The current study aimed to investigate differences in comorbid OCD between BD-I and BD-II. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted on the prevalence and predictors of comorbid BD-I/BD-II and OCD...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821267/school-based-depression-and-anxiety-prevention-programs-for-young-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Aliza Werner-Seidler, Yael Perry, Alison L Calear, Jill M Newby, Helen Christensen
Depression and anxiety often emerge for the first time during youth. The school environment provides an ideal context to deliver prevention programs, with potential to offset the trajectory towards disorder. The aim of this review was to provide a comprehensive evaluation of randomised-controlled trials of psychological programs, designed to prevent depression and/or anxiety in children and adolescents delivered in school settings. Medline, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for articles published until February 2015...
October 24, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818086/intraindividual-variability-of-sleep-wake-patterns-in-relation-to-child-and-adolescent-functioning-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Stephen P Becker, Craig A Sidol, Tori R Van Dyk, Jeffery N Epstein, Dean W Beebe
Substantial research attention has been devoted to understanding the importance and impact of sleep in children and adolescents. Traditionally, this has focused on mean sleep variables (e.g., a child's "typical" or average sleep duration), yet research increasingly suggests that intraindividual variability (IIV) of sleep/wake patterns (sometimes referred to as sleep variability or night-to-night variability) regularly occurs and may have implications for adjustment. A systematic search of five electronic databases identified 52 empirical studies published between 2000 and 2015 that examined correlates of sleep IIV in children and adolescents, with a recent increase in the publication rate of such studies...
July 21, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809925/guided-self-help-interventions-for-mental-health-disorders-in-children-with-neurological-conditions-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Sophie Bennett, Isobel Heyman, Anna Coughtrey, Jess Simmonds, Sophia Varadkar, Terence Stephenson, Margaret DeJong, Roz Shafran
BACKGROUND: Rates of mental health disorders are significantly greater in children with physical illnesses than in physically well children. Children with neurological conditions, such as epilepsy, are known to have particularly high rates of mental health disorders. Despite this, mental health problems in children with neurological conditions have remained under-recognised and under-treated in clinical settings. Evidence-based guided self-help interventions are efficacious in reducing symptoms of mental health disorders in children, but their efficacy in reducing symptoms of common mental health disorders in children with neurological conditions has not been investigated...
November 4, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806711/prevalence-and-correlates-of-depression-and-anxiety-among-patients-with-hiv-on-follow-up-at-alert-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#15
Getachew Tesfaw, Getinet Ayano, Tadesse Awoke, Dawit Assefa, Zelalem Birhanu, Getenet Miheretie, Genet Abebe
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety disorders are common among people living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus than the non-infected individuals. The co-existence of these disorders are associated with barriers to treatment and worsening medical outcomes, including treatment resistance, increased risk for suicide, greater chance for recurrence and utilization of medical resources and/or increase morbidity and mortality. Therefore, assessing depression and anxiety among HIV patients has a pivotal role for further interventions...
November 2, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803977/the-china-mental-health-survey-ii-design-and-field-procedures
#16
Zhaorui Liu, Yueqin Huang, Ping Lv, Tingting Zhang, Hong Wang, Qiang Li, Jie Yan, Yaqin Yu, Changgui Kou, Xiufeng Xu, Jin Lu, Zhizhong Wang, Hongyan Qiu, Yifeng Xu, Yanling He, Tao Li, Wanjun Guo, Hongjun Tian, Guangming Xu, Xiangdong Xu, Yanjuan Ma, Linhong Wang, Limin Wang, Yongping Yan, Bo Wang, Shuiyuan Xiao, Liang Zhou, Lingjiang Li, Liwen Tan, Hongguang Chen, Chao Ma
China Mental Health Survey (CMHS), which was carried out from July 2013 to March 2015, was the first national representative community survey of mental disorders and mental health services in China using computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI). Face-to-face interviews were finished in the homes of respondents who were selected from a nationally representative multi-stage disproportionate stratified sampling procedure. Sample selection was integrated with the National Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance Survey administered by the National Centre for Chronic and Non-communicable Disease Control and Prevention in 2013, which made it possible to obtain both physical and mental health information of Chinese community population...
November 1, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803720/prevalence-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-and-its-association-with-body-features-in-female-medical-students
#17
Shaik Shaffi Ahamed, Jawaher Enani, Lama Alfaraidi, Lujain Sannari, Rihaf Algain, Zainah Alsawah, Ali Al Hazmi
BACKGROUND: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a distressing psychiatric disorder. So far there have not been any studies on BDD in Saudi Arabia. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder in female medical students and to investigate whether there is an association between BDD and body features of concern, social anxiety and symptoms of BDD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study was carried out on female medical students of the college of medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia during January to April, 2015...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803719/psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-the-social-anxiety-acceptance-and-action-questionnaire
#18
Esmail Soltani, Seyed Abdolmajid Bahrainian, Abbas Masjedi Arani, Ali Farhoudian, Latif Gachkar
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety disorder is often related to specific impairment or distress in different areas of life, including occupational, social and family settings. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the persian version of the social anxiety-acceptance and action questionnaire (SA-AAQ) in university students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 324 students from Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences participated via the cluster sampling method during year 2015...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800284/the-standard-for-clinicians-interview-in-psychiatry-scip-a-clinician-administered-tool-with-categorical-dimensional-and-numeric-output-conceptual-development-design-and-description-of-the-scip
#19
REVIEW
Ahmed Aboraya, Henry Nasrallah, Srinivas Muvvala, Ahmed El-Missiry, Hader Mansour, Cheryl Hill, Daniel Elswick, Elizabeth C Price
Existing standardized diagnostic interviews (SDIs) were designed for researchers and produce mainly categorical diagnoses. There is an urgent need for a clinician-administered tool that produces dimensional measures, in addition to categorical diagnoses. The Standard for Clinicians' Interview in Psychiatry (SCIP) is a method of assessment of psychopathology for adults. It is designed to be administered by clinicians and includes the SCIP manual and the SCIP interview. Clinicians use the SCIP questions and rate the responses according to the SCIP manual rules...
May 2016: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798030/the-screen-icd-trial-screening-for-anxiety-and-cognitive-therapy-intervention-for-patients-with-implanted-cardioverter-defibrillator-icd-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#20
Selina Kikkenborg Berg, Margrethe Herning, Jesper Hastrup Svendsen, Anne Vinggaard Christensen, Lau Caspar Thygesen
INTRODUCTION: Previous research shows that patients with an implanted cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) have a fourfold increased mortality risk when suffering from anxiety compared with ICD patients without anxiety. This research supports the screening of ICD patients for anxiety with the purpose of starting relevant intervention. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Screen-ICD consists of 3 parts: (1) screening of all hospitalised and outpatient patients at two university hospitals using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), scores ≥8 are invited to participate...
October 21, 2016: BMJ Open
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