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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764402/association-between-induced-abortion-and-suicidal-ideation-among-unmarried-female-migrant-workers-in-three-metropolitan-cities-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Mengyun Luo, Xueqin Jiang, Ying Wang, Zezhou Wang, Qiuming Shen, Rui Li, Yong Cai
BACKGROUND: Despite reports of mental health issues, suicidality has not been closely examined among the migrant population. The association between induced abortion and suicidal ideation is unknown among unmarried female migrant workers of reproductive age in China. This study aims to examine induced abortion and suicidality among the Chinese migrant population. METHODS: We recruited 5115 unmarried female migrant workers during 2015 to 2016 from Shanghai, Beijing and Guangzhou, and collected demographic, psychosocial, reproductive and mental health information using structured questionnaires...
May 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764331/psychological-impact-of-von-hippel-lindau-genetic-screening-in-patients-with-a-previous-history-of-hemangioblastoma-of-the-central-nervous-system
#2
Claire Rochette, Karine Baumstarck, Hélène Canoni-Zattara, Ahmad Esmaeel Abdullah, Dominique Figarella-Branger, Morgane Pertuit, Anne Barlier, Frédéric Castinetti, Karel Pacak, Philippe Metellus, David Taïeb
Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome is a hereditary cancer syndrome characterized by a high risk of developing benign and malignant tumors, including central nervous system hemangioblastomas (CNS HBs). For an early diagnosis of VHL, before the occurrence of cancers (especially renal cell carcinoma), it is of huge importance to initiate VHL genetic testing in at-risk patients. The aim of the study was to assess the psychological impact of VHL genetic testing in patients previously diagnosed with a CNS HB. From 1999 until 2015, 55 patients underwent surgery for CNS HBs...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761479/antidepressants-for-insomnia-in-adults
#3
REVIEW
Hazel Everitt, David S Baldwin, Beth Stuart, Gosia Lipinska, Andrew Mayers, Andrea L Malizia, Christopher Cf Manson, Sue Wilson
BACKGROUND: Insomnia disorder is a subjective condition of unsatisfactory sleep (e.g. sleep onset, maintenance, early waking, impairment of daytime functioning). Insomnia disorder impairs quality of life and is associated with an increased risk of physical and mental health problems including anxiety, depression, drug and alcohol abuse, and increased health service use. hypnotic medications (e.g. benzodiazepines and 'Z' drugs) are licensed for sleep promotion, but can induce tolerance and dependence, although many people remain on long-term treatment...
May 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760858/occult-suicidality-and-psychiatric-disease-among-emergency-department-patients-with-low-acuity-chief-complaints
#4
Stephen M McBride, Valerie A Braz, Christopher W Jones
Introduction: Patients presenting to emergency departments (ED) are often screened for suicidality, even when their chief complaint does not involve mental health concerns. Patient receptiveness to ED-based mental health screening and intervention is unknown, particularly among patients with low-acuity chief complaints, who often prioritize rapid evaluation and discharge. Methods: This cross-sectional study included adults with low-acuity chief complaints presenting to an urban, academic ED in the Northeastern United States during daytime and evening hours, from 2015 to 2016...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751238/prevalence-of-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders-among-youth-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Christophe Maïano, Sylvain Coutu, Danielle Tracey, Stéphane Bouchard, Geneviève Lepage, Alexandre J S Morin, Grégory Moullec
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this meta-analytic study was to determine the pooled prevalence estimates of anxiety and depressive disorders among children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities (ID) and to assess the extent to which these pooled prevalence rates differed according to studies' characteristics. METHOD: A systematic literature search was performed in nine databases and 21 studies, published between 1975 and 2015, met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: The resulting pooled prevalence estimates of combined subtypes of anxiety and depressive disorders were respectively (a) 5...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747135/generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-associated-factors-in-adults-in-the-amazon-brazil-a-population-based-study
#6
Marcus T Silva, Mónica Caicedo Roa, Silvia S Martins, Andréa Tenório Correia da Silva, Tais F Galvao
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) in adults using the seven-item GAD scale (GAD-7) and to evaluate the properties of the two-item (GAD-2) as a population screening tool. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional population-based study in the Manaus Metropolitan Region in 2015, Brazil. Adults aged 18 years or more were eligible to participate. We performed probabilistic three-phase sampling and collected sociodemographic and clinical variables...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740354/increased-risk-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-allergic-diseases-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Hsin-An Chang, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Yu-Chen Kao, Chuan-Chia Chang, Hui-Wen Yeh, Wei-Shan Chiang, Yu-Ching Chou, Shan-Yueh Chang, Wu-Chien Chien
Background/objective: Allergic diseases, such as bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, and psychiatric disorders, are major health issues. There have been reports that allergic diseases were associated with depression or anxiety disorders. This study aimed to investigate the association between these allergic diseases and the risk of developing overall psychiatric disorders in patients from Taiwan. Methods: This cohort study used the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736102/embitterment-in-war-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#8
Dzevad Sabic, Adela Sabic, Olivera Batic-Mujanovic
Aim: The aim of this study was to analyze frequency of embitterment in war veterans with Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Patients and Methods: It was analyzed 174 subjects (from Health Center Zivinice/ Mental Health Center) through a survey conducted in the period from March 2015 to June 2016, of witch 87 war veterans with PTSD and control subjects 87 war veterans without PTSD. The primary outcome measure was the Post-Traumatic Embitterment Disorder Self-Rating Scale (PTED Scale) who contains 19 items designed to assess features of embitterment reactions to negative life events...
April 2018: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720133/evaluation-of-an-electronic-consultation-service-in-psychiatry-for-primary-care-providers
#9
Douglas Archibald, Julia Stratton, Clare Liddy, Rachel E Grant, Douglas Green, Erin J Keely
BACKGROUND: This study explores the effectiveness of an electronic consultation (eConsult) service between primary care providers and psychiatry, and the types and content of the clinical questions that were asked. METHODS: This is a retrospective eConsult review study. All eConsults directed to Psychiatry from July 2011 to January 2015 by Primary care providers were reviewed. Response time and the amount of time reported by the specialist to answer each eConsult was analyzed...
May 2, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718965/comparison-of-pain-burden-and-psychological-factors-in-brazilian-women-living-with-hiv-and-chronic-neuropathic-or-nociceptive-pain-an-exploratory-study
#10
Andressa de Souza, Wolnei Caumo, Prisla Ucker Calvetti, Rachel Nunes Lorenzoni, Gisele Keller da Rosa, Alexandre Ramos Lazzarotto, Jairo Alberto Dussan-Sarria
Psychological factors including pain catastrophizing and resilience associate with adjustment and quality of life in people living with chronic pain. Nevertheless, their presentation among females living with HIV and chronic pain has been poorly studied. Given that chronic pain in those living with HIV might occur due to different mechanisms (nociceptive or neuropathic), we hypothesize that the associated psychological states could also differ between these groups. We aimed to compare pain frequency and interference, psychological factors and sleep quality between females living with chronic nociceptive or neuropathic pain...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717290/anxiety-depression-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-after-earthquake
#11
Prakash Thapa, Lumeshor Acharya, Bhup Dev Bhatta, Suman Bhatta Paneru, Jai Bahadur Khattri, Prashant Kumar Chakraborty, Rajasee Sharma
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of anxiety, depression and post traumatic stress disorder is high after earthquake. The aim of the study is to study the prevalence and comorbidity of commonly occurring psychological symptoms in people exposed to Nepal mega earthquake in 2015 after a year of the event. METHODS: A community based, cross sectional, descriptive study was carried out in Bhumlichaur area of Gorkha district, Nepal after around 14 months of the first major earthquake...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713097/a-pilot-evaluating-clinical-pharmacy-services-in-an-ambulatory-psychiatry-setting
#12
Valerie A Lindell, Nicole L Stencel, Rachel C Ives, Kristen M Ward, Thomas Fluent, Hae Mi Choe, Jolene R Bostwick
Objectives: A pilot of clinical services provided by psychiatric clinical pharmacists in an outpatient clinic are described and evaluated. The primary objective was to evaluate the difference in change of Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9 and/or Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) Questionnaire scores between the two groups. Secondary objectives were to assess time patients spent in clinic, time to target psychotropic medication dose, and patient self-reported medication adherence. Experimental Design: Data were collected from January 2014 to November 2015 for patients with depression and/or anxiety who had an appointment within an outpatient psychiatric clinic with either a provider (control) or both a provider and clinical pharmacist (case)...
February 5, 2018: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694270/higher-incidence-rates-of-comorbidities-in-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis-compared-with-the-general-population-using-u-s-administrative-claims-data
#13
Jeffrey Kaine, Xue Song, Gilwan Kim, Peter Hur, Jacqueline B Palmer
BACKGROUND: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is associated with multiple comorbid conditions, including cardiovascular (CV) comorbidities that impose a considerable burden on patients. Effective management of PsA requires an understanding of comorbidity profiles. OBJECTIVE: To compare the frequency and incidence rates of comorbidities and hospitalizations among newly diagnosed PsA patients and a matched general population without PsA, using large national claims databases in the United States...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672141/health-care-utilization-and-expenditures-of-homeless-family-members-before-and-after-emergency-housing
#14
Robin E Clark, Linda Weinreb, Julie M Flahive, Robert W Seifert
OBJECTIVES: To describe longitudinal health service utilization and expenditures for homeless family members before and after entering an emergency shelter. METHODS: We linked Massachusetts emergency housing assistance data with Medicaid claims between July 2008 and June 2015, constructing episodes of health care 12 months before and 12 months after families entered a shelter. We modeled emergency department visits, hospital admissions, and expenditures over the 24-month period separately for children and adults...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652647/prevalence-and-predictors-of-ptsd-among-a-college-sample
#15
Shannon E C Usack, Terrell A Hicks, Jessica Bourdon, Christina M Sheerin, Cassie M Overstreet, Kenneth S Kendler, Danielle M Dick, Ananda B Amstadter
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence and correlates of probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in freshman entering college and prospective associations of probable PTSD with additional outcomes. PARTICIPANTS: 2,310 students with data collected from Fall 2014 through Spring 2015. METHODS: Incoming freshman completed a survey assessing for relevant variables at the beginning of fall semester and during the spring semester. RESULTS: Seventy percent of the sample endorsed experiencing at least one potentially traumatic event (PTE)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629180/exposure-to-physical-and-psychosocial-stressors-in-relation-to-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-european-professional-football-referees-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Özgür Kilic, Urban Johnson, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Philippe Rosier, Vincent Gouttebarge
Objectives: The study aim was to explore the association of physical and psychosocial stressors (severe injuries, surgeries, recent life events, social support) with one-season onset of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMDs) among European professional football referees. Methods: An observational prospective cohort study over a follow-up period of one season (2015-2016) was conducted among professional football referees from Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Norway, Russia, Scotland and Sweden...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625762/effectiveness-of-preventive-cognitive-therapy-while-tapering-antidepressants-versus-maintenance-antidepressant-treatment-versus-their-combination-in-prevention-of-depressive-relapse-or-recurrence-drd-study-a-three-group-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Claudi L H Bockting, Nicola S Klein, Hermien J Elgersma, Gerard D van Rijsbergen, Christien Slofstra, Johan Ormel, Erik Buskens, Jack Dekker, Peter J de Jong, Willem A Nolen, Aart H Schene, Steven D Hollon, Huibert Burger
BACKGROUND: Keeping individuals on antidepressants after remission or recovery of major depressive disorder is a common strategy to prevent relapse or recurrence. Preventive cognitive therapy (PCT) has been proposed as an alternative to maintenance antidepressant treatment, but whether its addition would allow tapering of antidepressants or enhance the efficacy of maintenance antidepressant treatment is unclear. We aimed to compare the effectiveness of antidepressants alone, with PCT while tapering off antidepressants, or PCT added to antidepressants in the prevention of relapse and recurrence...
April 3, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619159/depression-and-anxiety-as-determinants-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-united-arab-emirates
#18
Taoufik Alsaadi, Khadija El Hammasi, Tarek M Shahrour, Mustafa Shakra, Lamya Turkawi, Wassim Nasreddine, Seada Kassie, Mufeed Raoof
To study the impact of depression and anxiety on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) in the UAE. All consecutive patients attending the MS clinic over a fourmonth period, October 2014 through February 2015, at Sheikh Khalifa Medical city (SKMC) were asked to complete The World Health Organization quality of life abbreviated scale (WHOQOL-BREF), the Patient Health Questionnaire nine-item (PHQ-9) depression scale, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder seven-item (GAD-7) scale...
December 11, 2017: Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617049/parents-of-children-referred-to-a-sleep-laboratory-for-disordered-breathing-reported-anxiety-daytime-sleepiness-and-poor-sleep-quality
#19
Marion Cadart, Livio De Sanctis, Sonia Khirani, Alessandro Amaddeo, Lisa Ouss, Brigitte Fauroux
AIM: We evaluated the impact that having a child with sleep-disordered breathing had on their parents, including their own sleep quality. METHODS: Questionnaires were completed by 96 parents of 86 children referred for a sleep study or control of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or noninvasive ventilation (NIV) at the sleep laboratory of the Necker Hospital, Paris, France, between October 2015 and January 2016. The questionnaires evaluated anxiety and depression, family functioning, the parents' quality of life, daytime sleepiness and sleep quality RESULTS: The children had a mean age of seven ±5 years and most of the responses (79%) came from their mothers...
April 4, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616713/mental-health-in-displaced-children-by-armed-conflict-national-mental-health-survey-colombia-2015
#20
Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Viviana Cruz-Ramírez, Mauricio Medina-Rico, Carlos J Rincón
INTRODUCTION: The armed conflict in Colombia is considered one of the most violent in Latin America. Children as a vulnerable population are most affected, increasing their risk of developing mental problems such as anxiety disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of the most frequent mental problems in the Colombian children affected by armed conflict. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study, using data from the National Mental Health Survey 2015...
March 2018: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
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