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anxiety disorder 2015

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718716/estimating-the-number-of-adults-with-severe-and-persistent-mental-illness-who-have-complex-multi-agency-needs
#1
Harvey Whiteford, Bill Buckingham, Meredith Harris, Sandra Diminic, Emily Stockings, Louisa Degenhardt
OBJECTIVE: A population health approach to mental health service planning requires estimates that align interventions with the needs of people with mental illness. The primary objective was to estimate the number of people in Australia living with severe and persistent mental illness who have complex, multi-agency needs. The secondary objective was to describe the possible service needs of individuals with severe mental illness. METHODS: We disaggregated the estimated 12-month prevalence of adults with severe mental illness into needs-based sub-groups, using multiple data sources...
August 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713688/childhood-trauma-and-factors-associated-with-depression-among-inpatients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#2
Felipe José Nascimento Barreto, Frederico Duarte Garcia, Paulo Henrique Teixeira Prado, Paulo Marcos Brasil Rocha, Nádia Souza Las Casas, Felipe Barbosa Vallt, Humberto Correa, Maila Castro Lourenço Neves
AIM: To identify factors associated with depressive symptoms among inpatients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study performed in a subsample of a large cross-sectional research that investigated affective disorders and suicide behaviour among inpatients hospitalized in non-surgical wards of the University Hospital of the Federal University of Minas Gerais from November 2013 to October 2015. Sociodemographic and clinical data were obtained through a structured interview and medical record review...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700181/-hyperuricemia-and-gene-mutations-a-case-report
#3
Fabio Tattoli, Daniela Falconi, Ornella De Prisco, Gherzi Maurizio, Federico Marazzi, Marita Marengo, Ilaria Serra, Michela Tamagnone, Luca Cordero di Montezemolo, Barbara Pasini, Marco Formica
Hyperuricemia is frequently found in nephrology. The case presented may be useful to clarify some pathogenetic aspects. It is a patient of 18 years, hyperuricaemic. Non-consanguineous parents, hyperuricemia in the paternal line, not neuropsychiatric disorders in the family. Delay in neuromotor acquisitions, average intellectual disabilities, anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality traits. Normal renal function and renal ultrasound. Evidence of hyperuricemia in 2015. Never gouty episodes and / or lithiasis, initiated allopurinol 100 mg on alternate days, with no side effects, urea in the control range, slightly below normal uricuria...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697253/effect-of-antidepressant-switching-vs-augmentation-on-remission-among-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-unresponsive-to-antidepressant-treatment-the-vast-d-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Somaia Mohamed, Gary R Johnson, Peijun Chen, Paul B Hicks, Lori L Davis, Jean Yoon, Theresa C Gleason, Julia E Vertrees, Kimberly Weingart, Ilanit Tal, Alexandra Scrymgeour, David D Lawrence, Beata Planeta, Michael E Thase, Grant D Huang, Sidney Zisook, Sanjai D Rao, Patricia D Pilkinton, James A Wilcox, Ali Iranmanesh, Mamta Sapra, George Jurjus, James P Michalets, Muhammed Aslam, Thomas Beresford, Keith D Anderson, Ronald Fernando, Sriram Ramaswamy, John Kasckow, Joseph Westermeyer, Gihyun Yoon, D Cyril D'Souza, Gunnar Larson, William G Anderson, Mary Klatt, Ayman Fareed, Shabnam I Thompson, Carlos J Carrera, Solomon S Williams, Timothy M Juergens, Lawrence J Albers, Clifford S Nasdahl, Gerardo Villarreal, Julia L Winston, Cristobal A Nogues, K Ryan Connolly, Andre Tapp, Kari A Jones, Gauri Khatkhate, Sheetal Marri, Trisha Suppes, Joseph LaMotte, Robin Hurley, Aimee R Mayeda, Alexander B Niculescu, Bernard A Fischer, David J Loreck, Nicholas Rosenlicht, Steven Lieske, Mitchell S Finkel, John T Little
Importance: Less than one-third of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) achieve remission with their first antidepressant. Objective: To determine the relative effectiveness and safety of 3 common alternate treatments for MDD. Design, Setting, and Participants: From December 2012 to May 2015, 1522 patients at 35 US Veterans Health Administration medical centers who were diagnosed with nonpsychotic MDD, unresponsive to at least 1 antidepressant course meeting minimal standards for treatment dose and duration, participated in the study...
July 11, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689637/measurement-of-flow-of-thought-in-68-patients-monitored-in-post-emergency-outpatient-consultations-role-of-ideational-turmoil-in-the-anxiety-depressive-symptomatology
#5
J Vandevoorde, A Sanchez Valero, E Baudoin, S Kamar, B Chabert, T Baudoin
INTRODUCTION: Rumination, cognitive control deficits, cognitive saturation, and loss of inhibition are the major hypotheses used to explain depressive disorders. A few studies have nevertheless looked at the form of thought. In this study, we will test a double measurement of the number of thoughts and a double measurement of the flow of thought together with their correlation with well-being, mental pain, and depression. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between May and September 2015, 68 subjects, initially admitted as emergencies for acute anxiety depressive disorders and/or suicide attempts and subsequently monitored as post-emergency outpatients in medico-psychological consultations agreed to complete a set of Visual Analogue Scales measuring their well-being, their mental pain, their estimated number of thoughts and the how agitated these thoughts are estimated to be...
July 6, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682528/s-adenosylmethionine-same-for-neuropsychiatric-disorders-a-clinician-oriented-review-of-research
#6
REVIEW
Anup Sharma, Patricia Gerbarg, Teodoro Bottiglieri, Lila Massoumi, Linda L Carpenter, Helen Lavretsky, Philip R Muskin, Richard P Brown, David Mischoulon
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review on S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe) for treatment of neuropsychiatric conditions and comorbid medical conditions. DATA SOURCES: Searches were conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, and Google Scholar databases between July 15, 2015, and September 28, 2016, by combining search terms for SAMe (s-adenosyl methionine or s-adenosyl-l-methionine) with terms for relevant disease states (major depressive disorder, MDD, depression, perinatal depression, human immunodeficiency virus, HIV, Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, dementia, anxiety, schizophrenia, psychotic, 22q11...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678848/mental-health-literacy-survey-of-non-mental-health-professionals-in-six-general-hospitals-in-hunan-province-of-china
#7
Qiuxia Wu, Xiaoyang Luo, Shubao Chen, Chang Qi, Jiang Long, Yifan Xiong, Yanhui Liao, Tieqiao Liu
BACKGROUND: Mental illness has brought great economic burden related to misdiagnosis by non-mental health professionals in general hospitals. The aim of this study was to explore non-mental health professionals' conceptions related to the identification of mental illness and perceived treatments, first aid and prognosis. METHODS: In 2014-2015, we presented 1123 non-mental health professionals from six general hospitals in Hunan Province with one of three vignettes describing a person with schizophrenia, depression, or generalized anxiety disorder...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678214/dissociative-features-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#8
Tonguc D Berkol, Yasin H Balcioglu, Simge S Kirlioglu, Habib Erensoy, Meltem Vural
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationships between the dissociative features of FMS and the pain, psychological status, and functional status. METHODS: Twenty-seven women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and 24 controls from the Istanbul Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Hospital (2013-2015) were included in this cross-sectional study. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Structured Clinical Interview for Axis I Disorders was used to evaluate the participants...
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670335/clinical-features-of-outpatients-with-somatization-symptoms-treated-at-a-japanese-psychosomatic-medicine-clinic
#9
Yuzo Nakamura, Takeaki Takeuchi, Kazuaki Hashimoto, Masahiro Hashizume
BACKGROUND: Somatization is produced due to the summation of psychological factors, irrespective of the presence or absence of physical factors. A group of diseases with severe pain and other disorders exhibit so-called Medically Unexplained Symptoms (MUS), and the characteristics of patients with MUS are largely unexplained. In this paper, the characteristics of a series of new patients with somatization treated in a Japanese university hospital are discussed. METHOD: The subjects were 871 patients who newly visited the Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Toho University Omori Medical Center between January and December of 2015...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668714/corrigendum-to-music-therapy-as-an-adjunct-to-standard-treatment-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-co-morbid-anxiety-and-depression-a-randomized-clinical-trial-j-affect-disord-184-2015-13-17
#10
Shahrzad Shiranibidabadi, Amirhooshang Mehryar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659979/the-cognitive-and-psychological-factors-personality-driving-behavior-and-mental-illnesses-as-predictors-in-traffic-violations
#11
Seyyed Salman Alavi, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Hamid Soori, Maryam Ghanizadeh
Objective: Driving is a complex behavior and is affected by several factors. This cohort study aimed at representing the main determinants such as personality features, driving behavior, and mental illnesses on driving violation based on logistic regression. Method: In this cohort study, 800 heavy truck and lorry drivers were recruited. Participants were selected from those individuals who referred to Imam Sajjad hospital in Tehran, Iran during fall 2013 to summer 2015. Manchester Driving Behavior Questionnaire (MDBQ), Big Five Personality Test (NEO Personality Inventory), and SADS (Semi-Structural Interview) were used in this study...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658383/the-burden-of-disease-attributable-to-mental-and-substance-use-disorders-in-brazil-global-burden-of-disease-study-1990-and-2015
#12
Cecília Silva Costa Bonadiman, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Meghan Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi, Ana Paula Souto Melo
Introduction: Mental and substance use disorders (MD) are highly prevalent and have a high social and economic cost. Objective: To describe the burden of disease attributable to mental and substance use disorders in Brazil and Federated Units in 1990 and 2015. Methods: Descriptive study of the burden of mental and substance use disorders, using age-standardized estimates from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015: years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLL); years lived with disability (YLD); and disability-adjusted life year (DALY=YLL+YLD)...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654669/role-of-magnesium-supplementation-in-the-treatment-of-depression-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Emily K Tarleton, Benjamin Littenberg, Charles D MacLean, Amanda G Kennedy, Christopher Daley
Current treatment options for depression are limited by efficacy, cost, availability, side effects, and acceptability to patients. Several studies have looked at the association between magnesium and depression, yet its role in symptom management is unclear. The objective of this trial was to test whether supplementation with over-the-counter magnesium chloride improves symptoms of depression. An open-label, blocked, randomized, cross-over trial was carried out in outpatient primary care clinics on 126 adults (mean age 52; 38% male) diagnosed with and currently experiencing mild-to-moderate symptoms with Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) scores of 5-19...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649389/cases-of-acute-mercury-poisoning-by-mercury-vapor-exposure-during-the-demolition-of-a-fluorescent-lamp-factory
#14
Sang Yoon Do, Chul Gab Lee, Jae Yoon Kim, Young Hoon Moon, Min Sung Kim, In Ho Bae, Han Soo Song
BACKGROUND: In 2015, workers dismantling a fluorescent lamp factory in Korea were affected by mercury poisoning from exposure to mercury vapor. CASE PRESENTATION: Eighteen out of the 21 workers who participated in the demolition project presented with symptoms of poisoning and, of these, 10 had persistent symptoms even at 18 months after the initial exposure to mercury vapor. Early symptoms of 18 workers included a general skin rash, pruritus, myalgia, sleep disturbance, and cough and sputum production...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638202/characteristics-of-aggressive-behavior-among-male-inpatients-with-schizophrenia
#15
Xiaomin Zhu, Wen Li, Xiaoping Wang
BACKGROUND: The incidence of the aggressive behavior is higher among the patients with severe mental disorder such as schizophrenia than the general population. The study of factors related to aggressive behavior has great meaning in designing prevention and intervention methods with this population of patients. AIMS: To understand the characteristics of assaultive behavior of male patients with schizophrenia who have been hospitalized. METHODS: Using a continuous sampling method, data from 75 male inpatients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia was collected at the psychiatric unit of Central South University Second Xiangya Hospital (Changsha, China) from August 2015 to February 2016...
October 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636201/an-exploration-of-the-relationship-between-use-of-safety-seeking-behaviours-and-psychosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Sarah Tully, Adrian Wells, Anthony P Morrison
Safety-seeking behaviours are responses employed to protect against perceived threat. In relation to anxiety disorders, safety-seeking behaviours have been implicated in both the formation and maintenance of distress. Several studies have highlighted similar findings in relation to psychosis; however, this literature has not yet been synthesized. This review is, therefore, being conducted in order to synthesize the literature on safety seeking in people with psychosis to increase the understanding of this relationship...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629990/employment-stability-in-veterans-and-service-members-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-va-traumatic-brain-injury-model-systems-study
#17
Christina Dillahunt-Aspillaga, Mary Jo Pugh, Bridget A Cotner, Marc A Silva, Adam Haskin, Xinyu Tang, Marie E Saylors, Risa Nakase-Richardson
OBJECTIVE: To examine incidence and predictors of employment stability in Veterans and Military Service Members (V/SM) with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who return to work. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Four Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers (PRCs). PARTICIPANTS: 110 V/SM with mild (26%), moderate (22%), or severe (52%) TBI enrolled in the VA PRC TBI Model Systems database within 2 years of injury who were discharged between January 2009 and June 2015...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623010/-influence-of-the-working-conditions-on-sickness-absence-due-to-common-diseases
#18
Manuel Vaquero-Álvarez, Esther Álvarez-Theurer, Manuel Romero Saldaña
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the importance of the working environment in sickness absence, as well as to show possible relationships with clinical-work variables. DESIGN: A descriptive observational study. SITE: Medical Inspection of an Andalusian province. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1016 workers on certified sick leave due to a common illness. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: A self-report questionnaire was used to collect demographic data, profession, activity, risk assessment, and perceived occupational cause, on patients who voluntarily gave their consent when they were reviewed during 2015...
June 13, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607660/investigation-of-marital-satisfaction-and-its-relationship-with-job-stress-and-general-health-of-nurses-in-qazvin-iran
#19
Jalil Azimian, Pegah Piran, Hassan Jahanihashemi, Leila Dehghankar
BACKGROUND: Pressures in nursing can affect family life and marital problems, disrupt common social problems, increase work-family conflicts and endanger people's general health. AIM: To determine marital satisfaction and its relationship with job stress and general health of nurses. METHODS: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was done in 2015 in medical educational centers of Qazvin by using an ENRICH marital satisfaction scale and General Health and Job Stress questionnaires completed by 123 nurses...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579354/factors-related-to-the-association-of-social-anxiety-disorder-and-alcohol-use-among-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Elisabeth Lima Dias da Cruz, Priscila Diniz de Carvalho Martins, Paula Rejane Beserra Diniz
OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors related to the association between social anxiety disorder and alcohol use in adolescents. SOURCE OF DATA: The PICO research strategy was used to perform a systematic review in Medline, LILACS, Pubmed, IBECS and Cochrane Library databases. DeCS/MeSH: Phobic Disorders, Adolescent, Behavior, Ethanol, Risk Factors, and the Boolean operator "AND" were used. Inclusion criteria were: cross-sectional, prospective/retrospective cohort, and case-control studies, carried out in adolescents (10-19 years), original articles on social anxiety disorder and alcohol use published between 2010 and 2015...
June 1, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
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