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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938502/-alarming-pregabalin-abuse-in-munich-prevalence-patterns-of-use-and-complications
#1
Nicolas Zellner, Florian Eyer, Tobias Zellner
Background Pregabalin is used e. g. for the treatment of neuropathic pain and anxiety disorder. Recently, its potential for abuse and addiction has become apparent. Methods From 2008 - 2015, we searched our database for the term "Pregabalin", including all patients treated in our department and all calls to the Poison Information Centre (PIC) Munich.From October 2013 to September 2014, all patients were included in a cohort study who either were admitted with a drug intoxication or who presented themselves for a course of detoxification (except ethanol)...
September 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937548/a-follow-up-study-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents
#2
Shanti Mitchell, Ehmer Hassan, Neera Ghaziuddin
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective and a safe treatment for several severe psychiatric disorders across the age span. However, its use remains controversial and highly stigmatized especially among patients under 18 years. In this study, we examined current symptoms, attitudes, perception, and functioning of patients treated with ECT when they were less than 18 years old. METHODS: Participants had received ECT before age 18, between 1989 and 2015, at a tertiary medical center...
September 20, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936144/prevalence-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-major-depression-in-health-care-givers-of-disabled-patients-in-majmaah-and-shaqra-cities-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#3
Mansour Alzahrani, Fahad Alfahaid, Mohammed Almansour, Talal Alghamdi, Tahir Ansari, Waqas Sami, Talal Mislat Al Otaibi, Abdulmohsen Abdullah Al Humayn, Madullah Moutlaq Al Enezi
INTRODUCTION: Anxiety is an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts, and physical changes such as increased blood pressure, etc. The impact of anxiety and depression on health-caregivers of disabled patients are very important because these psychological disorders effects both the health-caregivers and the patients which lead to unexpected bad events. OBJECTIVES: The current study was aimed to find out the prevalence of generalized anxiety disorder and major depression in health-care givers of disabled patients and to observe associations between demographic characteristics and psychological disorders in Majmaah and Shaqra Cities, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919609/psychiatric-disorders-in-drop-out-from-educational-attainment-attending-mental-health-facilities-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#4
M S Islam, M H Rashid, M N Uddin, R K Singha, M A Rahman, M A Haque, C K Saha, M F Abedin
Studies of the impact of mental disorders on educational attainment are rare. Mental disorders, those beginning in childhood or adolescence may increase the risk of early drop out from education. The latter has been shown to have adverse life-course consequences on individuals such as greater demand on social welfare entitlements. A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out at the department of Psychiatry, Comilla Medical College, Comilla, Bangladesh. All cases were selected from patients attending at Comilla Medical College Hospital and Private Mental Health Facilities in Comilla City from March 2015 to February 2016...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918612/increase-concentration-of-transforming-growth-factor-beta-tgf-%C3%AE-in-breast-milk-of-mothers-with-psychological-disorders
#5
Mamak Shariat, Nasrin Abedinia, Nima Rezaei, Nahid Farrokhzad
Several studies have shown an imbalance between proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in depression and anxiety disorders. However, less attention has been paid to the role of cytokines in psychological disorder in mothers who breastfeed. This study looks at whether concentration levels of TGF-β2 are altered in anxious and depressive breastfeeding mothers. This study checked the concentration level of TGF-B2 in relation with psychological symptoms on 110 breastfeeding mothers; based on random sampling method with using of Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and Spielberger Stress Scale (STAI) in 2015 also TGF-β2 was measured in breast milk using ELISA...
July 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918417/-clinical-features-of-psychotic-and-non-psychotic-bipolar-patients
#6
Zsuzsanna Belteczki, Zoltan Rihmer, Julia Ujvari
BACKGROUND: Psychotic symptoms are common in the case of manic, depressive and mixed episodes of bipolar disorder; however, the assessment of delusions and hallucinations is frequently improper, thus the patients presenting also psychotic symptoms are treated based on their diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or paranoia. Psychotic symptoms in bipolar disorder result less favourable outcomes and course of illness. METHODS: 365 patients (106 males, 259 females) were hospitalized in or institution from January 1st 2015 to September 30th 2016, who were diagnosed with bipolar disorder according to the ICD-10 criteria...
June 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913683/an-evidence-map-of-the-women-veterans-health-research-literature-2008-2015
#7
Elisheva R Danan, Erin E Krebs, Kristine Ensrud, Eva Koeller, Roderick MacDonald, Tina Velasquez, Nancy Greer, Timothy J Wilt
BACKGROUND: Women comprise a growing proportion of Veterans seeking care at Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare facilities. VA initiatives have accelerated changes in services for female Veterans, yet the corresponding literature has not been systematically reviewed since 2008. In 2015, VA Women's Health Services and the VA Women's Health Research Network requested an updated literature review to facilitate policy and research planning. METHODS: The Minneapolis VA Evidence-based Synthesis Program performed a systematic search of research related to female Veterans' health published from 2008 through 2015...
September 14, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883770/frequency-of-depression-and-its-correlation-with-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-oral-cavity-cancer
#8
Senada Dzebo, Jasmina Mahmutovic, Hasiba Erkocevic, Faris Foco
INTRODUCTION: the effects of malignant tumors of oral cavity may be reflected through mental, physical, social and emotional well-being and quality of life of patients. Those suffering from malignancies show a large degree of psychological problems (fear, anxiety, depression, panic disorders, phobias) both at the time of diagnosis and during the treatment. AIM: to determine a level of depression in patients with oral cavity cancer and to link quality of life and level of depression of patients with oral cavity cancer...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870488/the-effect-of-psychosocial-factors-on-success-rates-of-hepatitis-c-treatment
#9
Maria Janda, Kari A Mergenhagen
OBJECTIVE: Our study was to determine which psychosocial factors interfere with patients reaching sustained virologic response (SVR), a marker for hepatitis C virus eradication. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed between January 6, 2015 and February 24, 2016. The primary outcome was to assess which social and psychological factors may interfere with patients reaching SVR. SVR was defined as having an undetectable viral load 12 weeks after the completion of the treatment regimen...
July 15, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868843/correlation-of-the-etiology-of-infertility-with-life-satisfaction-and-mood-disorders-in-couples-who-undergo-assisted-reproductive-technologies
#10
Behnaz Navid, Maryam Mohammadi, Samira Vesali, Marzieh Mohajeri, Reza Omani Samani
Background: This study compared common psychological symptoms and life satisfaction in husbands and wives according to infertility diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted this cross-sectional study on 248 infertile couples between November 1, 2014 and February 28, 2015 at Royan Institute, Tehran, Iran. Participants answered three questionnaires. First, they completed a demographic questionnaire followed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS, 14-item self-report instrument) composed of two sub-scales: anxiety (HADS-A) and depression (HADS-D)...
October 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865722/prevalence-of-depression-anxiety-and-adjustment-disorders-in-women-with-spontaneous-abortion-in-germany-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Louis Jacob, Ines Polly, Matthias Kalder, Karel Kostev
The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and adjustment disorders in women within the year following miscarriage in Germany. This study included women between the ages of 16 and 45 with a first pregnancy terminated by spontaneous abortion between January 2007 and December 2015 (index date). These women were followed in 262 gynecological practices. Women with a spontaneous abortion were matched (1:1) with pregnant women without spontaneous abortion by age, index year, diagnosis of female infertility prior to the index date, procreative management prior to the index date, and physician...
August 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858633/effects-of-microvascular-decompression-on-depression-and-anxiety-in-trigeminal-neuralgia-a-prospective-cohort-study-focused-on-risk-factors-and-prognosis
#12
Jian Cheng, Jiang Long, Xuhui Hui, Ding Lei, Heng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) often develop a terrible fear of triggering pain, which may lead to depression and anxiety, exerting a negative effect on their quality of life. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of depression and anxiety in TN patients, and further to investigate the effects of microvascular decompression (MVD) on these psychiatric disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted, patients with TN who underwent MVD in our department between 2013 and 2015 were included...
October 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858440/a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-trial-of-vilazodone-in-the-treatment-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-comorbid-depression
#13
Sriram Ramaswamy, David Driscoll, Christopher Reist, Lynette M Smith, Lawrence J Albers, Jodette Rose, Linda Nguyen, Varun Monga, Ryan Doria, Michael Hollifield
Objective: To determine the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of vilazodone in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with comorbid mild-to-moderate depression. Methods: A 12-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in adult outpatients who met DSM-IV criteria for PTSD with comorbid depression between February 2013 and September 2015. Participants were randomly assigned to receive vilazodone 40 mg/d or placebo, and outcome measures were obtained at scheduled visits...
August 24, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856543/risk-of-depression-anxiety-and-adjustment-disorders-in-women-with-a-suspected-but-unconfirmed-diagnosis-of-breast-or-genital-organ-cancer-in-germany
#14
Karel Kostev, Louis Jacob, Matthias Kalder
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) and genital organ cancers (GOC) are known to have a major impact on the quality of life of patients. The aim of this study was to analyze the risk of depression, anxiety, and adjustment disorders in women in Germany with a suspected but unconfirmed diagnosis of BC or GOC in their medical history. METHODS: This study included women who received a suspected diagnosis of BC or GOC and were followed between 2007 and 2015 (index date). These women were matched (1:1:1) by age to women with a confirmed diagnosis of BC or GOC and women without a cancer diagnosis...
August 30, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842934/sudden-gains-in-the-outpatient-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa-a-process-outcome-study
#15
Anna Cartwright, Yat Ping Cheng, Ulrike Schmidt, Sabine Landau
OBJECTIVE: Sudden gains (SGs), broadly defined as sudden symptom reductions occurring between two consecutive treatment sessions, have been associated with improved treatment outcomes in anxiety and depression. The present study is the first to formally define SGs in anorexia nervosa and explore the characteristics, demographic and baseline clinical predictors, and clinical impact of SGs in anorexia nervosa. METHOD: This is a secondary analysis of data from 89 outpatients with broadly defined anorexia nervosa who received one of two psychotherapeutic interventions as part of the MOSAIC trial (Schmidt et al...
August 26, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827214/mobile-mindfulness-intervention-on-an-acute-psychiatric-unit-feasibility-and-acceptability-study
#16
Lisa A Mistler, Dror Ben-Zeev, Elizabeth Carpenter-Song, Mary F Brunette, Matthew J Friedman
BACKGROUND: Aggression and violence on acute psychiatric inpatient units is extensive and leads to negative sequelae for staff and patients. With increasingly acute inpatient milieus due to shorter lengths of stay, inpatient staff is limited in training and time to be able to provide treatments. Mobile technology provides a new platform for offering treatment on such units, but it has not been tested for feasibility or usability in this particular setting. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility, usability, and acceptability of a brief mindfulness meditation mobile phone app intended to reduce anger and aggression in acute psychiatric inpatients with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or bipolar disorder, and a history of violence...
August 21, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817764/limited-functioning-after-remission-of-an-anxiety-disorder-as-a-trait-effect-versus-a-scar-effect-results-of-a-longitudinal-general-population-study
#17
Simone M E Schopman, Margreet Ten Have, Saskia van Dorsselaer, Ron de Graaf, Neeltje M Batelaan
OBJECTIVE: After remission of an anxiety disorder, subjects often experience persistent functional impairments. We examined whether impairments in mental and physical functioning following remission are a continuation of premorbid lower functioning (trait effect), due to impairments that develop during the anxiety disorder and persist beyond recovery (scar effect), or both. METHODS: Data were derived from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study-2 (NEMESIS-2), a prospective psychiatric epidemiologic study among the general population with a 3-wave design (6-year follow-up, with the study starting in 2007 and ending in 2015)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816143/radiation-therapy-versus-no-radiation-therapy-to-the-neo-breast-following-skin-sparing-mastectomy-and-immediate-autologous-free-flap-reconstruction-for-breast-cancer-patient-reported-and-surgical-outcomes-at-1-year-a-mastectomy-reconstruction-outcomes-consortium
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Andrew L Cooke, Julian Diaz-Abele, Tom Hayakawa, Ed Buchel, Kimberly Dalke, Pascal Lambert
PURPOSE: To determine whether adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) is associated with adverse patient-reported outcomes and surgical complications 1 year after skin-sparing mastectomy and immediate autologous free flap reconstruction for breast cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We compared 24 domains of patient-reported outcome measures 1 year after autologous reconstruction between patients who received adjuvant RT and those who did not. A total of 125 patients who underwent surgery between 2012 and 2015 at our institution were included from the Mastectomy Reconstruction Outcomes Consortium study database...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813188/cannabis-related-problems-and-social-anxiety-the-mediational-role-of-post-event-processing
#19
Anthony H Ecker, Julia D Buckner
BACKGROUND: Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug in the US, and is associated with a range of psychological, social, and physical health-related problems. Individuals who endorse elevated levels of social anxiety are especially at risk for experiencing cannabis-related problems, including cannabis use disorder, despite not using cannabis more often than those with more normative social anxiety. Identification of mechanisms that underlie the relationship between social anxiety and cannabis-related problems may inform treatment and prevention efforts...
August 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797262/when-a-parent-dies-a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-support-programs-for-parentally-bereaved-children-and-their-caregivers
#20
Ann-Sofie Bergman, Ulf Axberg, Elizabeth Hanson
BACKGROUND: The death of a parent is a highly stressful life event for bereaved children. Several studies have shown an increased risk of mental ill-health and psychosocial problems among affected children. The aims of this study were to systematically review studies about effective support interventions for parentally bereaved children and to identify gaps in the research. METHODS: The review's inclusion criteria were comparative studies with samples of parentally bereaved children...
August 10, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
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