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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419751/clinical-characteristics-of-fibromyalgia-in-a-chronic-pain-population
#1
Mark Gostine, Fred Davis, Bradley Roberts, Rebecca Risko, Michael Asmus, Joseph C Cappelleri, Alesia Sadosky
OBJECTIVE: To compare fibromyalgia (FM) characteristics among patients identified in a community-based chronic pain cohort based on traditional International Classification of Diagnoses Ninth Revision, ICD-9 diagnostic coding, with that of patients identified using a novel predictive model. METHODS: This retrospective study used data collected from July 1999 to February 17, 2015 in multiple chronic pain clinics in the United States. Patients were assigned to the FM case group based on specific inclusion criteria using ICD-9 codes or, separately, from results of a novel FM predictive model that was developed using random forest and logistic regression techniques...
April 18, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408193/imipramine-versus-placebo-for-multiple-functional-somatic-syndromes-stress-3-a-double-blind-randomised-study
#2
Johanne L Agger, Andreas Schröder, Lise K Gormsen, Jens S Jensen, Troels S Jensen, Per K Fink
BACKGROUND: Functional somatic syndromes, including chronic fatigue syndrome or irritable bowel syndrome, often co-exist. Treatment guidelines supported by high quality evidence exist for most functional somatic syndromes, but are lacking for multiple comorbid functional somatic syndromes. We aimed to assess the effect of the tricyclic antidepressant, imipramine, in patients with multiple functional somatic syndromes defined by the criteria for multiorgan bodily distress syndrome, a unifying diagnosis that encompasses most functional somatic syndromes and somatoform disorders...
April 10, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403895/electroacupuncture-for-insomnia-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Sung-Phil Kim, Joo-Hee Kim, Bo-Kyung Kim, Hyeong-Jun Kim, In Chul Jung, Jung Hyo Cho, Jung-Eun Kim, Mi-Kyung Kim, O-Jin Kwon, Ae-Ran Kim, Hyo-Ju Park, Bok-Nam Seo
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a common sleep disorder that affects many adults either transiently or chronically. The societal cost of insomnia is on the rise, while long-term use of current drug treatments can involve adverse effects. Recently, electroacupuncture (EA) has been used to treat various conditions including insomnia. The objective of this study is to provide scientific evidence for the effect and safety of using EA to treat insomnia. METHODS/DESIGN: In this multicentre, assessor-blind, three-arm, parallel-design, randomised controlled trial, 150 participants will be assigned to the EA group, the sham EA (SEA) group, or the usual care group...
April 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403870/noise-sensitivity-rather-than-noise-level-predicts-the-non-auditory-effects-of-noise-in-community-samples-a-population-based-survey
#4
Jangho Park, Seockhoon Chung, Jiho Lee, Joo Hyun Sung, Seung Woo Cho, Chang Sun Sim
BACKGROUND: Excessive noise affects human health and interferes with daily activities. Although environmental noise may not directly cause mental illness, it may accelerate and intensify the development of latent mental disorders. Noise sensitivity (NS) is considered a moderator of non-auditory noise effects. In the present study, we aimed to assess whether NS is associated with non-auditory effects. METHODS: We recruited a community sample of 1836 residents residing in Ulsan and Seoul, South Korea...
April 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403387/skin-conductance-responses-and-neural-activations-during-fear-conditioning-and-extinction-recall-across-anxiety-disorders
#5
Marie-France Marin, Rachel G Zsido, Huijin Song, Natasha B Lasko, William D S Killgore, Scott L Rauch, Naomi M Simon, Mohammed R Milad
Importance: The fear conditioning and extinction neurocircuitry has been extensively studied in healthy and clinical populations, with a particular focus on posttraumatic stress disorder. Despite significant overlap of symptoms between posttraumatic stress disorder and anxiety disorders, the latter has received less attention. Given that dysregulated fear levels characterize anxiety disorders, examining the neural correlates of fear and extinction learning may shed light on the pathogenesis of underlying anxiety disorders...
April 12, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384395/consensus-bundle-on-maternal-mental-health-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety
#6
Susan Kendig, John P Keats, M Camille Hoffman, Lisa B Kay, Emily S Miller, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Ariela Frieder, Barbara Hackley, Pec Indman, Christena Raines, Kisha Semenuk, Katherine L Wisner, Lauren A Lemieux
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health conditions encountered by women of reproductive age. When left untreated, perinatal mood and anxiety disorders can have profound adverse effects on women and their children, ranging from increased risk of poor adherence to medical care, exacerbation of medical conditions, loss of interpersonal and financial resources, smoking and substance use, suicide, and infanticide. Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are associated with increased risks of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity and are recognized as a significant patient safety issue...
March 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380173/academic-performance-of-students-who-underwent-psychiatric-treatment-at-the-students-mental-health-service-of-a-brazilian-university
#7
Cláudia Ribeiro Franulovic Campos, Maria Lilian Coelho Oliveira, Tânia Maron Vichi Freire de Mello, Clarissa de Rosalmeida Dantas
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: University students are generally at the typical age of onset of mental disorders that may affect their academic performance. We aimed to characterize the university students attended by psychiatrists at the students' mental health service (SAPPE) and to compare their academic performance with that of non-patient students. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study based on review of medical files and survey of academic data at a Brazilian public university...
January 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359010/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-treatments-for-acrophobia
#8
REVIEW
Bruce Arroll, Henry B Wallace, Vicki Mount, Stephen P Humm, Douglas W Kingsford
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on the comparative efficacy of psychological, behavioural and medical therapies for acrophobia (fear of heights). DATA SOURCES: Multiple databases were searched through the Cochrane Common Mental Disorders review group on 1 December 2015. DATA SYNTHESIS: The data were extracted independently and were pooled using RevMan version 5.3.5. The main outcome measures were changes from baseline on questionnaires for measurement of fear of heights, such as the Acrophobia Questionnaire (AQ), Attitude Towards Height Questionnaire (ATHQ), and behavioural avoidance tests...
April 3, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359007/physical-comorbidities-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-australian-vietnam-war-veterans
#9
Sarah C McLeay, Wendy M Harvey, Madeline Nm Romaniuk, Darrell Hg Crawford, David M Colquhoun, Ross McD Young, Miriam Dwyer, John M Gibson, Robyn A O'Sullivan, Graham Cooksley, Christopher R Strakosch, Rachel M Thomson, Joanne Voisey, Bruce R Lawford
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the prevalence of physical comorbidities in Australian Vietnam War veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is higher than in trauma-exposed veterans without PTSD. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional analysis of the health status (based on self-reported and objective clinical assessments) of 298 Australian Vietnam War veterans enrolled by the Gallipoli Medical Research Institute (Brisbane) during February 2014 - July 2015, of whom 108 were confirmed as having had PTSD and 106 served as trauma-exposed control participants...
April 3, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352018/depression-and-anxiety-disorders-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients-and-their-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study-about-106-cases-in-the-northeast-of-morocco
#10
Abdelilah El Filali, Yassamine Bentata, Naima Ada, Bouchra Oneib
Hemodialysis (HD) has a severe impact on the life of HD patients. The aim of this work was to assess the prevalence of depression and anxiety disorders, suicidal ideation, and the quality of life among HD patients. Associated factors were also studied. A cross-sectional study was carried out among 103 HD patients treated at the HD Center of Al Farabi Hospital of Oujda during a period of six months in 2015. The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview and European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) were used for the assessment...
March 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347505/complexity-assessed-by-the-intermed-in-patients-with-somatic-symptom-disorder-visiting-a-specialized-outpatient-mental-health-care-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Jonna F van Eck van der Sluijs, Lars de Vroege, Annick Simone van Manen, C A Th Rijnders, Prof C M van der Feltz-Cornelis
BACKGROUND: Somatic symptom disorders (SSD), a new classification in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition is associated with problematic diagnostic procedures and treatment that lead to complex care. In somatic health care, the INTERMED has been used to assess levels of complexity; however, in SSD this instrument has not yet been applied. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore complexity in patients with SSD using the INTERMED, hereby contributing to an increased comprehension of this new patient group...
February 21, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325387/-the-efficacy-of-care-as-perceived-by-adolescents-presenting-anxiety-based-school-refusal
#12
REVIEW
Jordan Sibeoni, Massimiliano Orri, Sophie Campredon, Anne Revah-Levy
School refusal is a complex disorder which is sometimes difficult to treat and which has potentially significant consequences on the child's schooling and mental health. A qualitative study was carried out in 2014-2015 on the feelings of adolescents and their parents with regard to the efficacy of care. The results show that, while adolescents and parents do not share the same representation of the care objectives, they agree on the therapeutic levers identified as been effective: time and relationships.
March 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322440/psychological-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-anxiety-disorders-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#13
REVIEW
Zafar A Usmani, Kristin V Carson, Karen Heslop, Adrian J Esterman, Anthony De Soyza, Brian J Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (commonly referred to as chronic bronchitis and emphysema) is a chronic lung condition characterised by the inflammation of airways and irreversible destruction of pulmonary tissue leading to progressively worsening dyspnoea. It is a leading international cause of disability and death in adults. Evidence suggests that there is an increased prevalence of anxiety disorders in people with COPD. The severity of anxiety has been shown to correlate with the severity of COPD, however anxiety can occur with all stages of COPD severity...
March 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320224/identification-of-common-neural-circuit-disruptions-in-cognitive-control-across-psychiatric-disorders
#14
Lisa M McTeague, Julia Huemer, David M Carreon, Ying Jiang, Simon B Eickhoff, Amit Etkin
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive deficits are a common feature of psychiatric disorders. The authors investigated the nature of disruptions in neural circuitry underlying cognitive control capacities across psychiatric disorders through a transdiagnostic neuroimaging meta-analysis. METHOD: A PubMed search was conducted for whole-brain functional neuroimaging articles published through June 2015 that compared activation in patients with axis I disorders and matched healthy control participants during cognitive control tasks...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316177/-efficacy-and-safety-of-tertiary-hospital-guided-and-community-driven-family-self-help-cardiac-rehabilitation-model
#15
R J Ding, L M Gao, L Chu, W L Xie, X R Wang, Q Tang, H L Wang, D Y Hu
Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of tertiary hospital guided and community-driven family self-help cardiac rehabilitation model. Methods: This study was a prospective randomized controlled study, 80 patients from Beijing Electrical Power Hospital and Beijing Jingmei Group General Hospital with acute coronary syndrome were included from June to December 2015 and divided into 2 groups. Patients in rehabilitation group (n=52) received tertiary hospital(Peiking University Peoples' Hospital) guided and community-driven family self-help cardiac rehabilitation for 3 months, and patients in control group (n=28) received routine secondary treatment for 3 months...
March 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300707/psychiatric-and-psychological-impact-of-surgery-while-awake-in-children-for-resection-of-brain-tumors
#16
Elise Riquin, Mickael Dinomais, Jean Malka, Thierry Lehousse, Philippe Duverger, Philippe Menei, Matthieu Delion
Intraoperative direct stimulation during surgery while awake is considered to be the gold standard for identifying eloquent cortical sites. Only a few studies have referenced the psychological impact of this event in the pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this clinical study is to present the psychological aspects of surgery while awake in children. We question the psychiatric contraindications and age limits, and the impact on children, with particular attention to the psychological conditioning and experience of these patients...
March 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298261/efficacy-and-safety-of-agomelatine-10-or-25-mg-day-in-non-depressed-out-patients-with-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-12-week-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#17
Dan J Stein, Antti Ahokas, Marek Jarema, Alla S Avedisova, Livia Vavrusova, Oleg Chaban, Céline Gruget, Valérie Olivier, Françoise Picarel-Blanchot, Christian de Bodinat
Agomelatine is efficacious in reducing symptoms and preventing relapse in placebo-controlled trials in generalised anxiety disorder (GAD). Nevertheless, fixed dose studies of agomelatine in GAD have not been undertaken. To determine the minimally effective optimal dose of agomelatine in GAD, the efficacy of two doses of agomelatine (10 and 25mg/day) was investigated in a 12-week, placebo-controlled, double-blind, international study in patients with a primary diagnosis of GAD. The primary outcome measure was the Hamilton Anxiety scale (HAM-A)...
March 12, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297020/cross-sectional-comparison-of-the-epidemiology-of-dsm-5-generalized-anxiety-disorder-across-the-globe
#18
Ayelet Meron Ruscio, Lauren S Hallion, Carmen C W Lim, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Jordi Alonso, Laura Helena Andrade, Guilherme Borges, Evelyn J Bromet, Brendan Bunting, José Miguel Caldas de Almeida, Koen Demyttenaere, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni de Girolamo, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Yanling He, Hristo Hinkov, Chiyi Hu, Peter de Jonge, Elie G Karam, Sing Lee, Jean-Pierre Lepine, Daphna Levinson, Zeina Mneimneh, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, José Posada-Villa, Tim Slade, Dan J Stein, Yolanda Torres, Hidenori Uda, Bogdan Wojtyniak, Ronald C Kessler, Somnath Chatterji, Kate M Scott
Importance: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is poorly understood compared with other anxiety disorders, and debates persist about the seriousness of this disorder. Few data exist on GAD outside a small number of affluent, industrialized nations. No population-based data exist on GAD as it is currently defined in DSM-5. Objective: To provide the first epidemiologic data on DSM-5 GAD and explore cross-national differences in its prevalence, course, correlates, and impact...
March 15, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293047/personality-driving-behavior-and-mental-disorders-factors-as-predictors-of-road-traffic-accidents-based-on-logistic-regression
#19
Seyyed Salman Alavi, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Hamid Souri, Soroush Mohammadi Kalhori, Fereshteh Jannatifard, Ghazal Sepahbodi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of variables such as personality traits, driving behavior and mental illness on road traffic accidents among the drivers with accidents and those without road crash. METHODS: In this cohort study, 800 bus and truck drivers were recruited. Participants were selected among drivers who referred to Imam Sajjad Hospital (Tehran, Iran) during 2013-2015. The Manchester driving behavior questionnaire (MDBQ), big five personality test (NEO personality inventory) and semi-structured interview (schizophrenia and affective disorders scale) were used...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287805/mental-health-survey-of-the-iranian-adult-population-in-2015
#20
Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Soghrat Faghihzadeh, Koorosh Kamali, Seyed Abbas Bagheri Yazdi, Ahmad Hajebi, Mir Taher Mousavi, Shahin Akhondzadeh, Elham Faghihzadeh, Banafshe Nouri
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders influence people with a high prevalence and exert remarkable burden on community members. This study was carried out aiming to assess mental health status within the age range category of 15 and above in the Islamic Republic of Iran. METHODS: The statistical population of this cross-sectional survey consisted of residents of urban and rural areas in Iranian provinces. An estimated sample size of 36000 people was chosen using systematic random sampling and the cluster method...
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
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