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anxiety disorder 2015

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150233/management-of-first-depression-or-generalized-anxiety-disorder-episode-in-adults-in-primary-care-a-systematic-metareview
#1
Damien Driot, Michel Bismuth, Adrien Maurel, Julie Soulie-Albouy, Jordan Birebent, Stéphane Oustric, Julie Dupouy
CONTEXT: General Practitioners (GPs) are the leading antidepressants prescribers in Europe and in France. Difficulties in implementing existing recommendations in daily practice have been described. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to elaborate two algorithms to guide GPs in the patient management for a first major depressive disorder (MDD) or generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) episode in primary care. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Cochrane, and ISI Web of Science were explored using mainly the following keywords: depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, antidepressive agents or antidepressant...
November 14, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141694/the-icu-diary-study-prospective-multicenter-comparative-study-of-the-impact-of-an-icu-diary-on-the-wellbeing-of-patients-and-families-in-french-icus
#2
Maïté Garrouste-Orgeas, Cécile Flahault, Léonor Fasse, Stéphane Ruckly, Nora Amdjar-Badidi, Laurent Argaud, Julio Badie, Amélie Bazire, Naike Bige, Eric Boulet, Lila Bouadma, Cédric Bretonnière, Bernard Floccard, Alain Gaffinel, Xavier de Forceville, Hubert Grand, Rebecca Halidfar, Olfa Hamzaoui, Mercé Jourdain, Paul-Henri Jost, Eric Kipnis, Audrey Large, Alexandre Lautrette, Olivier Lesieur, Virginie Maxime, Emmanuelle Mercier, Jean Paul Mira, Yannick Monseau, Erika Parmentier-Decrucq, Jean-Philippe Rigaud, Antoine Rouget, François Santoli, Georges Simon, Fabienne Tamion, Nathalie Thieulot-Rolin, Marina Thirion, Sandrine Valade, Isabelle Vinatier, Christel Vioulac, Sebastien Bailly, Jean-François Timsit
BACKGROUND: Post-intensive care syndrome includes the multiple consequences of an intensive care unit (ICU) stay for patients and families. It has become a new challenge for intensivists. Prevention programs have been disappointing, except for ICU diaries, which report the patient's story in the ICU. However, the effectiveness of ICU diaries for patients and families is still controversial, as the interpretation of the results of previous studies was open to criticism hampering an expanded use of the diary...
November 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141362/-evaluation-of-the-psychological-feature-and-quality-of-life-in-outpatients-with-somatic-symptoms-disorder-in-a-general-hospital
#3
F H Cui, N N Xiong, X Hong, Y P Duan, J Wei
Objective: To explore the psychological features and quality of life in outpatients with somatic symptoms disorder in a general hospital. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from 2014-05 to 2015-06. Patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) and somatic symptoms disorder (SSD) were recruited from psychological outpatient department, and patients with peptic ulcer (PU) / reflux esophagitis (RE) were recruited from Gastroenterology. Depression scale of the patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale (GAD-7), Toronto Alexithymia scale (TAS), 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12), items from Somatoform Disorder Screening Questionnaire were employed to evaluate the severity of depression, anxiety, alexithymia, quality of life, health care use and subjective feelings...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137560/randomized-trial-of-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-among-medicaid-beneficiaries-with-mental-illness
#4
Mary F Brunette, Sarah I Pratt, Stephen J Bartels, Emily A Scherer, Stacey C Sigmon, Joelle C Ferron, Meghan Santos, Gail E Williams, Samuel Kosydar, Rosemarie S Wolfe, Doris Lotz, Kelley Capuchino
OBJECTIVE: Medicaid beneficiaries with severe mental illnesses are a financially disadvantaged group with high rates of smoking and poor cessation outcomes. This study examined whether abstinence-contingent monetary incentives improved outcomes when added to cessation treatments at community mental health centers: prescriber visit for pharmacotherapy only (PV only), prescriber visit and facilitated quitline (PV+Q), and prescriber visit and telephone cognitive-behavioral therapy (PV+CBT)...
November 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129190/moderators-of-sudden-gains-after-sessions-addressing-emotion-regulation-among-women-in-treatment-for-alcohol-use
#5
Cathryn Glanton Holzhauer, Elizabeth E Epstein, Jumi Hayaki, James S Marinchak, Barbara S McCrady, Sharon M Cook
Sudden gains (SGs) are defined as abrupt and significant improvements in mental health symptoms that occur between two psychotherapy sessions. Preliminary evidence suggests that SGs may be an important pattern of symptom reduction in the treatment of alcohol use disorder (AUD) (i.e., a steep between-session reduction in drinking or alcohol craving frequency or intensity) (Drapkin, Epstein, McCrady, & Eddie, 2015). The current study examined SGs within two randomized clinical trials (RCTs) testing female-specific cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) protocol for AUD (n=146)...
December 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129189/a-review-of-the-economic-impact-of-mental-illness
#6
Christopher M Doran, Irina Kinchin
Objective To examine the impact and cost associated with mental illness.Methods A rapid review of the literature from Australia, New Zealand, UK and Canada was undertaken. The review included literature pertaining to the cost-of-illness and impact of mental illness as well as any modelling studies. Included studies were categorised according to impact on education, labour force engagement, earlier retirement or welfare dependency. The well-accepted Drummond 10-point economic appraisal checklist was used to assess the quality of the studies...
November 13, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117275/effectiveness-of-online-collaborative-care-for-treating-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-primary-care-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Bruce L Rollman, Bea Herbeck Belnap, Kaleab Z Abebe, Michael B Spring, Armando J Rotondi, Scott D Rothenberger, Jordan F Karp
Importance: Collaborative care for depression and anxiety is superior to usual care from primary care physicians for these conditions; however, challenges limit its provision in routine practice and at scale. Advances in technology may overcome these barriers but have yet to be tested. Objective: To examine the effectiveness of combining an internet support group (ISG) with an online computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (CCBT) provided via a collaborative care program for treating depression and anxiety vs CCBT alone and whether providing CCBT in this manner is more effective than usual care...
November 8, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111200/quality-of-life-psychological-functioning-and-treatment-satisfaction-of-men-who-have-undergone-penile-prosthesis-surgery-following-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#8
Brindha Pillay, Daniel Moon, Christopher Love, Denny Meyer, Emma Ferguson, Helen Crowe, Nicholas Howard, Sarah Mann, Addie Wootten
BACKGROUND: Penile prosthesis surgery is last-line treatment to regaining erectile function after radical prostatectomy (RP) for localized prostate cancer. AIMS: To assess quality of life, psychological functioning, and treatment satisfaction of men who underwent penile implantation after RP; the psychosocial correlates of treatment satisfaction and sexual function after surgery; and the relation between patients' and partners' ratings of treatment satisfaction...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110803/sexual-dysfunction-in-primary-care-an-exploratory-descriptive-analysis-of-medical-record-diagnoses
#9
Katie M Heiden-Rootes, Joanne Salas, Sarah Gebauer, Matthew Witthaus, Jeffrey Scherrer, Kristin McDaniel, Dasha Carver
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of sexual dysfunction (SDx) diagnoses in primary care settings is not well known, which is a concern because of the high prevalence of comorbid chronic health conditions in patients diagnosed with SDx. AIM: To explore the relation of SDx diagnosis, chronic health conditions, and prescription medications commonly associated with SDx for men and women in primary care using medical records diagnoses. METHODS: Exploratory descriptive analyses were used to interpret secondary data from a primary care patient database...
November 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110681/treatment-of-sleep-disturbances-in-trauma-affected-refugees-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Hinuga Sandahl, Poul Jennum, Lone Baandrup, Ida Sophie Poschmann, Jessica Carlsson
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances are often referred to as a hallmark and as core symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Untreated sleep disturbances can contribute to the maintenance and exacerbation of PTSD symptoms, which may diminish treatment response and constitute a risk factor for poor treatment outcome. Controlled trials on treatment of sleep disturbances in refugees suffering from PTSD are scarce. The present study aims to examine sleep-enhancing treatment in refugees with PTSD...
November 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099550/efficacy-of-a-behavioral-activation-teletherapy-intervention-to-treat-depression-and-anxiety-in-primary-care-vitalsign6-program
#11
Joseph M Trombello, Charles South, Audrey Cecil, Katherine E Sánchez, Alma Christina Sánchez, Sara Levinson Eidelman, Taryn L Mayes, Farra Kahalnik, Corey Tovian, Beth D Kennard, Madhukar H Trivedi
Objective: Research analyzing behavioral activation (BA) teletherapy outcomes is limited. Among low-income real-world primary care patients receiving a brief BA teletherapy program for depression and anxiety, we analyzed descriptive statistics and changes in depression and anxiety scores throughout treatment. Methods: One hundred thirty patients completed an intake assessment from June 2015 to August 2016; outcomes included the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7)...
October 19, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096779/predicting-persistent-limited-and-delayed-problematic-cannabis-use-in-early-adulthood-findings-from-a-longitudinal-study
#12
Sherika Hill, Lilly Shanahan, E Jane Costello, William Copeland
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk profiles associated with patterns of problematic cannabis use in early adulthood. METHOD: Data came from 1,229 participants in the Great Smoky Mountains Study, a prospective 20-year cohort study from 1993 to 2015 that is representative of western North Carolina with yearly assessments conducted from ages 9 and 16 years, and assessments at ages 19, 21, 26, and 30 years. Patterns of problematic cannabis use (i.e., DSM-5 cannabis use disorder or daily use) in early adulthood included the following: nonproblematic use in late adolescence (ages 19-21) and early adulthood (ages 26-30); limited problematic use in late adolescence only; persistent problematic use in late adolescence and early adulthood; and delayed problematic use in early adulthood only...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096164/potential-factors-impacting-health-related-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-epilepsy-results-from-the-united-arab-emirates
#13
Taoufik Alsaadi, Seada Kassie, Khadija El Hammasi, Tarek M Shahrour, Mustafa Shakra, Lamya Turkawi, Wassim Nasreddine, Mufeed Raoof
PURPOSE: to investigate potential factors impacting HRQOL among PWE at a medical facility in the UAE. METHODS: Depression, anxiety, and health-related quality of life were assessed in 160 adult patients with epilepsy from September 2014 to January 2015 at Sheikh Khalifa Medical City (SKMC). The World Health Organization Quality of Life abbreviated scale (WHOQOL-BREF), the Patient Health Questionnaire nine-item (PHQ-9) depression scale, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder seven-item (GAD-7) scale were administered...
October 28, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082026/prevalence-of-anxiety-depression-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-kashmir-valley
#14
Tambri Housen, Annick Lenglet, Cono Ariti, Showkat Shah, Helal Shah, Shabnum Ara, Kerri Viney, Simon Janes, Giovanni Pintaldi
BACKGROUND: Following the partition of India in 1947, the Kashmir Valley has been subject to continual political insecurity and ongoing conflict, the region remains highly militarised. We conducted a representative cross-sectional population-based survey of adults to estimate the prevalence and predictors of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 10 districts of the Kashmir Valley. METHODS: Between October and December 2015, we interviewed 5519 out of 5600 invited participants, ≥18 years of age, randomly sampled using a probability proportional to size cluster sampling design...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075320/psychiatrists-role-in-primary-health-care-in-greece-findings-from-a-quantitative-study
#15
Kyriakos Souliotis, Eirini Agapidaki, Chara Tzavara, Marina Economou
BACKGROUND: Although the need for integration of mental health services into primary care is well established little has been done. The outbreak of the recession found the Greek mental health system in transition. As a response to the crisis, governments implemented horizontal budget cuts instead of health reforms. This resulted in an unfavorable situation for mental health which was set once again on the sidelines of the health policy agenda. Previous studies suggest that the most prevalent disorders in the years of financial crisis in Greece are depression and anxiety while a general increase of the psychiatric morbidity is observed does not follow the population' needs...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065893/neuropsychological-and-internalizing-problems-in-acute-central-nervous-system-infections-a-1-year-follow-up
#16
Bozzola Elena, Bergonzini Paola, Bozzola Mauro, Tozzi Alberto Eugenio, Masci Marco, Rossetti Chiara, Carloni Emanuela, Villani Alberto
BACKGROUND: Acute central nervous system (ACNS) infections such as meningitis, encephalitis and cerebellitis still cause morbidity and mortality among children. The aim of this study was to verify whether neuropsychological impairment may develop in ACNS survivors. METHODS: The study included pediatric patients affected by ACNS disorders, aged 3-16 years admitted to the Bambino Gesù Children Hospital, Rome from June 2013 till June 2015. The patients and their parents underwent a psychological interview and neuropsychological tests during the first week of hospital admission and 1 year after, during a follow-up control...
October 24, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056371/preventive-service-use-among-people-with-and-without-serious-mental-illnesses
#17
Bobbi Jo H Yarborough, Nancy A Perrin, Scott P Stumbo, John Muench, Carla A Green
INTRODUCTION: People with serious mental illnesses experience excess morbidity and premature mortality resulting from preventable conditions. The goal was to examine disparities in preventive care that might account for poor health outcomes. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, adults (N=803,276) served by Kaiser Permanente Northwest and federally qualified health centers/safety-net community health clinics were categorized into five groups: schizophrenia spectrum disorders, bipolar disorders/affective psychoses, anxiety disorders, nonpsychotic unipolar depression, and reference groups with no evidence of these specific mental illnesses...
October 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056086/prevalence-and-correlates-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-quebec
#18
Fatoumata Binta Diallo, Éric Fombonne, Steve Kisely, Louis Rochette, Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Alain Vanasse, Manon Noiseux, Éric Pelletier, Johanne Renaud, Danielle St-Laurent, Alain Lesage
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence, comorbidities, and service use of people with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) based on data from Quebec Integrated Chronic Diseases Surveillance System (QICDSS). METHODS: We included all residents up to age 24 eligible for health plan coverage who were in Quebec for at least 1 day from January 1, 1996, to March 31, 2015. To be considered as having an ASD, an individual had to have had at least 1 physician claim or hospital discharge abstract from 2000 to 2015 indicating one of the following ASD diagnosis codes: ICD-9 codes 299...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048739/pharmacotherapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-sand
#19
REVIEW
Taryn Williams, Coenraad J Hattingh, Catherine M Kariuki, Sean A Tromp, Anton J van Balkom, Jonathan C Ipser, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Recognition is growing that social anxiety disorder (SAnD) is a chronic and disabling disorder, and data from early trials demonstrate that medication may be effective in its treatment. This systematic review is an update of an earlier review of pharmacotherapy of SAnD. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of pharmacotherapy for social anxiety disorder in adults and identify which factors (methodological or clinical) predict response to treatment. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Common Mental Disorders Controlled Trials Register (CCMDCTR-Studies and CCMDCTR-References) to 17 August 2015...
October 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037934/the-primary-diagnosis-and-the-coexisting-anxiety-disorders-have-no-impact-on-the-additional-surgical-procedure-after-spinal-cord-stimulators-implantation-an-analysis-of-11-029-patients
#20
Koji Tamai, Zorica Buser, Christopher Wang, Permsak Paholpak, Hiroaki Nakamura, Jeffrey C Wang, Patrick C Hsieh
Studies have demonstrated superior outcomes and cost effectiveness of the spinal cord stimulation (SCS) for the treatment of chronic pain syndromes such as failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) or complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). However, little is known about the impact of primary diagnosis or mental disorders on the revision rate. This is the Retrospective cohort study to analyze the reintervention rates based on the primary diagnosis or comorbid mental disorder. Data of the annual trends of SCS use, revision and removal rate of SCS and additional surgical rate after removal was collected and analyzed for patients undergoing SCS between 2007 and 2015, within a private insurance billing database...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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