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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325387/-the-efficacy-of-care-as-perceived-by-adolescents-presenting-anxiety-based-school-refusal
#1
REVIEW
Jordan Sibeoni, Massimiliano Orri, Sophie Campredon, Anne Revah-Levy
School refusal is a complex disorder which is sometimes difficult to treat and which has potentially significant consequences on the child's schooling and mental health. A qualitative study was carried out in 2014-2015 on the feelings of adolescents and their parents with regard to the efficacy of care. The results show that, while adolescents and parents do not share the same representation of the care objectives, they agree on the therapeutic levers identified as been effective: time and relationships.
March 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322440/psychological-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-anxiety-disorders-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#2
REVIEW
Zafar A Usmani, Kristin V Carson, Karen Heslop, Adrian J Esterman, Anthony De Soyza, Brian J Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (commonly referred to as chronic bronchitis and emphysema) is a chronic lung condition characterised by the inflammation of airways and irreversible destruction of pulmonary tissue leading to progressively worsening dyspnoea. It is a leading international cause of disability and death in adults. Evidence suggests that there is an increased prevalence of anxiety disorders in people with COPD. The severity of anxiety has been shown to correlate with the severity of COPD, however anxiety can occur with all stages of COPD severity...
March 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320224/identification-of-common-neural-circuit-disruptions-in-cognitive-control-across-psychiatric-disorders
#3
Lisa M McTeague, Julia Huemer, David M Carreon, Ying Jiang, Simon B Eickhoff, Amit Etkin
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive deficits are a common feature of psychiatric disorders. The authors investigated the nature of disruptions in neural circuitry underlying cognitive control capacities across psychiatric disorders through a transdiagnostic neuroimaging meta-analysis. METHOD: A PubMed search was conducted for whole-brain functional neuroimaging articles published through June 2015 that compared activation in patients with axis I disorders and matched healthy control participants during cognitive control tasks...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316177/-efficacy-and-safety-of-tertiary-hospital-guided-and-community-driven-family-self-help-cardiac-rehabilitation-model
#4
R J Ding, L M Gao, L Chu, W L Xie, X R Wang, Q Tang, H L Wang, D Y Hu
Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of tertiary hospital guided and community-driven family self-help cardiac rehabilitation model. Methods: This study was a prospective randomized controlled study, 80 patients from Beijing Electrical Power Hospital and Beijing Jingmei Group General Hospital with acute coronary syndrome were included from June to December 2015 and divided into 2 groups. Patients in rehabilitation group (n=52) received tertiary hospital(Peiking University Peoples' Hospital) guided and community-driven family self-help cardiac rehabilitation for 3 months, and patients in control group (n=28) received routine secondary treatment for 3 months...
March 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300707/psychiatric-and-psychological-impact-of-surgery-while-awake-in-children-for-resection-of-brain-tumors
#5
Elise Riquin, Mickael Dinomais, Jean Malka, Thierry Lehousse, Philippe Duverger, Philippe Menei, Matthieu Delion
Intraoperative direct stimulation during surgery while awake is considered to be the gold standard for identifying eloquent cortical sites. Only a few studies have referenced the psychological impact of this event in the pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this clinical study is to present the psychological aspects of surgery while awake in children. We question the psychiatric contraindications and age limits, and the impact on children, with particular attention to the psychological conditioning and experience of these patients...
March 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298261/efficacy-and-safety-of-agomelatine-10-or-25-mg-day-in-non-depressed-out-patients-with-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-12-week-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#6
Dan J Stein, Antti Ahokas, Marek Jarema, Alla S Avedisova, Livia Vavrusova, Oleg Chaban, Céline Gruget, Valérie Olivier, Françoise Picarel-Blanchot, Christian de Bodinat
Agomelatine is efficacious in reducing symptoms and preventing relapse in placebo-controlled trials in generalised anxiety disorder (GAD). Nevertheless, fixed dose studies of agomelatine in GAD have not been undertaken. To determine the minimally effective optimal dose of agomelatine in GAD, the efficacy of two doses of agomelatine (10 and 25mg/day) was investigated in a 12-week, placebo-controlled, double-blind, international study in patients with a primary diagnosis of GAD. The primary outcome measure was the Hamilton Anxiety scale (HAM-A)...
March 12, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297020/cross-sectional-comparison-of-the-epidemiology-of-dsm-5-generalized-anxiety-disorder-across-the-globe
#7
Ayelet Meron Ruscio, Lauren S Hallion, Carmen C W Lim, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Jordi Alonso, Laura Helena Andrade, Guilherme Borges, Evelyn J Bromet, Brendan Bunting, José Miguel Caldas de Almeida, Koen Demyttenaere, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni de Girolamo, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Yanling He, Hristo Hinkov, Chiyi Hu, Peter de Jonge, Elie G Karam, Sing Lee, Jean-Pierre Lepine, Daphna Levinson, Zeina Mneimneh, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, José Posada-Villa, Tim Slade, Dan J Stein, Yolanda Torres, Hidenori Uda, Bogdan Wojtyniak, Ronald C Kessler, Somnath Chatterji, Kate M Scott
Importance: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is poorly understood compared with other anxiety disorders, and debates persist about the seriousness of this disorder. Few data exist on GAD outside a small number of affluent, industrialized nations. No population-based data exist on GAD as it is currently defined in DSM-5. Objective: To provide the first epidemiologic data on DSM-5 GAD and explore cross-national differences in its prevalence, course, correlates, and impact...
March 15, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293047/personality-driving-behavior-and-mental-disorders-factors-as-predictors-of-road-traffic-accidents-based-on-logistic-regression
#8
Seyyed Salman Alavi, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Hamid Souri, Soroush Mohammadi Kalhori, Fereshteh Jannatifard, Ghazal Sepahbodi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of variables such as personality traits, driving behavior and mental illness on road traffic accidents among the drivers with accidents and those without road crash. METHODS: In this cohort study, 800 bus and truck drivers were recruited. Participants were selected among drivers who referred to Imam Sajjad Hospital (Tehran, Iran) during 2013-2015. The Manchester driving behavior questionnaire (MDBQ), big five personality test (NEO personality inventory) and semi-structured interview (schizophrenia and affective disorders scale) were used...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287805/mental-health-survey-of-the-iranian-adult-population-in-2015
#9
Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Soghrat Faghihzadeh, Koorosh Kamali, Seyed Abbas Bagheri Yazdi, Ahmad Hajebi, Mir Taher Mousavi, Shahin Akhondzadeh, Elham Faghihzadeh, Banafshe Nouri
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders influence people with a high prevalence and exert remarkable burden on community members. This study was carried out aiming to assess mental health status within the age range category of 15 and above in the Islamic Republic of Iran. METHODS: The statistical population of this cross-sectional survey consisted of residents of urban and rural areas in Iranian provinces. An estimated sample size of 36000 people was chosen using systematic random sampling and the cluster method...
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243407/the-relationship-between-psychological-factors-and-maternal-social-support-to-breastfeeding-process
#10
Mitra Jalal, Mahrokh Dolatian, Zohreh Mahmoodi, Roqayeh Aliyari
INTRODUCTION: Childbirth is a stressful factor that can trigger disorders such as depression in women. The various problems characteristic to the puerperal period make mothers more prone than ever to stress, anxiety and depression. The aim of this study was to determine relationship between psychological factors and social support and breastfeeding process in mothers presenting to healthcare centers in Shahrood, Iran. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 465 mothers with infants aged one to six months, presenting to Shahrood healthcare centers in 2015-16...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243397/effect-of-fluoxetine-administration-on-clinical-and-echocardiographic-findings-in-patients-with-mitral-valve-prolapse-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Reza Jafarzadeh Esfehani, Homan Kamranian, Majid Jalalyazdi
BACKGROUND: Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is accompanied by mental disorders including anxiety, which has similar presentations as MVP. It is hypothesised that treatment of anxiety might reduce the symptoms of MVP. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and echocardiographic effects of fluoxetine administration in patients with MVP and anxiety. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on patients with documented MVP and generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) who were referred to Mashhad University of Medical Sciences cardiology clinics, Mashhad, Iran in 2015...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197680/effect-of-a-condolence-letter-on-grief-symptoms-among-relatives-of-patients-who-died-in-the-icu-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Nancy Kentish-Barnes, Sylvie Chevret, Benoît Champigneulle, Marina Thirion, Virginie Souppart, Marion Gilbert, Olivier Lesieur, Anne Renault, Maïté Garrouste-Orgeas, Laurent Argaud, Marion Venot, Alexandre Demoule, Olivier Guisset, Isabelle Vinatier, Gilles Troché, Julien Massot, Samir Jaber, Caroline Bornstain, Véronique Gaday, René Robert, Jean-Philippe Rigaud, Raphaël Cinotti, Mélanie Adda, François Thomas, Laure Calvet, Marion Galon, Zoé Cohen-Solal, Alain Cariou, Elie Azoulay
PURPOSE: Family members of patients who die in the intensive care unit (ICU) may experience symptoms of stress, anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and/or prolonged grief. We evaluated whether grief symptoms were alleviated if the physician and the nurse in charge at the time of death sent the closest relative a handwritten condolence letter. METHODS: Multicenter randomized trial conducted among 242 relatives of patients who died at 22 ICUs in France between December 2014 and October 2015...
February 14, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190757/consensus-bundle-on-maternal-mental-health-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety
#13
Susan Kendig, John P Keats, M Camille Hoffman, Lisa B Kay, Emily S Miller, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Ariela Frieder, Barbara Hackley, Pec Indman, Christena Raines, Kisha Semenuk, Katherine L Wisner, Lauren A Lemieux
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health conditions encountered by women of reproductive age. When left untreated, perinatal mood and anxiety disorders can have profound adverse effects on women and their children, ranging from increased risk of poor adherence to medical care, exacerbation of medical conditions, loss of interpersonal and financial resources, smoking and substance use, suicide, and infanticide. Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are associated with increased risks of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity and are recognized as a significant patient safety issue...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188064/the-impact-of-the-patient-post-intensive-care-syndrome-components-upon-caregiver-burden
#14
J Torres, D Carvalho, E Molinos, C Vales, A Ferreira, C C Dias, R Araújo, E Gomes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patient post-intensive care syndrome (PICS-P) and caregiver burden 3 months after discharge from the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and determine the impact of different components of PICS-P upon caregiver burden. DESIGN: A prospective observational study was conducted over 26 months (January 2013-February 2015). SETTING: Medical-surgical ICU and follow-up consultation in Portugal. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS: Patients discharged after a minimum of 2 days in the ICU...
February 7, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178041/consensus-bundle-on-maternal-mental-health-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety
#15
Susan Kendig, John P Keats, M Camille Hoffman, Lisa B Kay, Emily S Miller, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Ariela Frieder, Barbara Hackley, Pec Indman, Christena Raines, Kisha Semenuk, Katherine L Wisner, Lauren A Lemieux
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health conditions encountered by women of reproductive age. When left untreated, perinatal mood and anxiety disorders can have profound adverse effects on women and their children, ranging from increased risk of poor adherence to medical care, exacerbation of medical conditions, loss of interpersonal and financial resources, smoking and substance use, suicide, and infanticide. Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are associated with increased risks of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity and are recognized as a significant patient safety issue...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170427/long-term-psychological-outcomes-of-flood-survivors-of-hard-hit-areas-of-the-1998-dongting-lake-flood-in-china-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#16
Wenjie Dai, Atipatsa C Kaminga, Hongzhuan Tan, Jieru Wang, Zhiwei Lai, Xin Wu, Aizhong Liu
BACKGROUND: Although numerous studies have indicated that exposure to natural disasters may increase survivors' risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety, studies focusing on the long-term psychological outcomes of flood survivors are limited. Thus, this study aimed to estimate the prevalence of PTSD and anxiety among flood survivors 17 years after the 1998 Dongting Lake flood and to identify the risk factors for PTSD and anxiety. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in December 2015, 17 years after the 1998 Dongting Lake flood...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164288/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-depression-or-anxiety-disorders-in-women-and-girls-living-with-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Adegoke Adelufosi, Bassey Edet, Dachi Arikpo, Ememobong Aquaisua, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is associated with psychological consequences such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PSTD), depression, and anxiety disorders. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), an empirically supported form of psychotherapy, may be an effective treatment for these psychological sequelae of FGM. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of CBT among individuals living with any type of FGM and diagnosed to have PTSD, depression, or anxiety disorders...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162112/hoarding-in-the-elderly-a-critical-review-of-the-recent-literature
#18
David M Roane, Alyssa Landers, Jackson Sherratt, Gillian S Wilson
BACKGROUND: Hoarding is now a stand-alone diagnosis in DSM-5. The objective of this review is to critically evaluate the most recent literature on hoarding disorder (HD) in ageing patients. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed and PsychINFO to identify papers from 2000 to 2015 that examined HD and hoarding symptoms in late-life participants. RESULTS: Thirteen studies met inclusion criteria. Selected studies had significant methodological limitations with regard to participant sampling, diagnostic criteria, and methods for identifying co-morbid conditions...
February 6, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156558/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-psychology-referrals-in-palliative-care
#19
Eduardo Bruera, Monica T Agosta, Diana Guzman, John M Najera, Monica Raznahan, Janet L Williams, Cindy L Carmack
230 Background: Despite high distress, a small percentage of cancer patients are referred for psychological care. MD Anderson's interdisciplinary Palliative Care team recruited 2 clinical psychologists in 9/2013. The demand for services exceeded capacity; thus a 3rd psychologist and 3 counselors were added in 6/2015. METHODS: Retrospective review of 2827 unique patients (6451 total contacts) from 9/1/2013 to 2/29/2016, including billable (psychologists) and non-billable (counselors) services...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129985/safety-and-efficacy-of-pitolisant-on-cataplexy-in-patients-with-narcolepsy-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#20
Zoltan Szakacs, Yves Dauvilliers, Vladimir Mikhaylov, Irina Poverennova, Sergei Krylov, Slavko Jankovic, Karel Sonka, Philippe Lehert, Isabelle Lecomte, Jeanne-Marie Lecomte, Jean-Charles Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Histaminergic neurons are crucial to maintain wakefulness, but their role in cataplexy is unknown. We assessed the safety and efficacy of pitolisant, a histamine H3 receptor inverse agonist, for treatment of cataplexy in patients with narcolepsy. METHODS: For this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial we recruited patients with narcolepsy from 16 sleep centres in nine countries (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Russia, Serbia, Turkey, and Ukraine)...
March 2017: Lancet Neurology
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