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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289788/-failure-of-a%C3%A2-study-in-forensic-psychiatric-hospitals-clinical-trial-to-investigate-the-additive-effect-of-triptorelin-on-the-efficacy-of-psychotherapy
#1
Peer Briken, Jürgen L Müller, Wolfgang Berner, Rolf-Hasso Bödeker, Jochen Vollmann, Christian Kasperk, Matthias Koller
BACKGROUND: A testosterone-lowering medication is relatively commonly used as a form of treatment for sexual offenders with severe paraphilic disorders in German forensic psychiatric hospitals; however, a double-blind, controlled and randomized study, which investigates the efficacy of this medication, is still lacking. AIM: This article describes the process from the planning to the rejection of a clinical trial over the period from 2009 to 2015. METHODS AND RESULTS: Despite the careful planning with an interdisciplinary team and giving special consideration to the complex legal situation, the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM) rejected the proposed trial in a brief formal letter with reference to the German Drug Law (§ 40 para...
March 13, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222491/the-predictors-of-quality-of-life-in-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#2
Fatemeh Aliasghari, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Tahereh Behroozi Lak
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorder that may be effective in reducing the quality of life. This study aimed to determine the predictors of quality of life in women with PCOS. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 174 women with PCOS who attended in public and private fertility clinics in Urmia (West Azerbaijan, Iran), 2015. The data were collected through the questionnaires of sociodemographic and obstetrics characteristics, quality of life and Beck depression inventory-II...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220549/somatic-psychological-and-sexual-triggers-for-overactive-bladder-syndrome-in-women
#3
Ariel Zilberlicht, Nir Haya, Ido Feferkorn, Eyal Goldschmidt, Anis Kaldawy, Yoram Abramov
AIMS: Patients with overactive bladder (OAB) often describe somatic, psychological, and sexual triggers for their symptoms. The aim of this study was to characterize these triggers and assess their impact on patients' symptoms and quality of life (QoL). METHODS: Patients who visited our urogynecologic clinic between August 2015 and March 2016 and diagnosed with OAB syndrome were asked to fill a questionnaire comprising 34 statements regarding SOmatic, Psychological, and Sexual Triggers for OAB (SOPSETO)...
February 21, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208946/the-impact-of-intimate-male-partner-violence-on-women-s-sexual-function-a-study-in-iran
#4
Safieh Jamali, Shohreh Javadpour
INTRODUCTION: Sexuality is an integral part of a woman's life. A variety of factors can affect a woman's sexuality, among them physical disorders, social-religious beliefs, age, psychological factors, depression, mental tension, disbelief, an unfulfilling relationship with one's spouse and emotional and physical violence. AIM: The present study aimed to explore the rate of domestic violence against women and its impact on women's sexuality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 813 women referring to the gynaecology clinics of Jahrom, Iran, from April to October 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203348/flibanserin-for-hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-place-in-therapy
#5
REVIEW
Faina Gelman, Jessica Atrio
The pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of female sexual interest in pre- and post-menopausal women present a complex arena for patients and physicians to navigate. Flibanserin was the first pharmacologic treatment, approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration in August 2015, for hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) in premenopausal women. Side effects, contraindications and lack of approval in postmenopausal women are all limitations, as are issues surrounding patient and physician knowledge and access...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185995/study-protocol-community-links-to-establish-alcohol-recovery-clear-for-women-leaving-jail
#6
Jennifer E Johnson, Yael Chatav Schonbrun, Bradley Anderson, Megan Kurth, Christine Timko, Michael Stein
PURPOSE: This article describes the protocol for a randomized effectiveness trial of a method to link alcohol use disordered women who are in pretrial jail detention with post-release 12-step mutual help groups. BACKGROUND: Jails serve 15 times more people per year than do prisons and have very short stays, posing few opportunities for treatment or treatment planning. Alcohol use is associated with poor post-jail psychosocial and health outcomes including sexually transmitted diseases and HIV, especially for women...
April 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108189/the-longitudinal-impact-of-an-internet-safety-decision-aid-for-abused-women
#7
Nancy E Glass, Nancy A Perrin, Ginger C Hanson, Tina L Bloom, Jill T Messing, Amber S Clough, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Andrea C Gielen, James Case, Karen B Eden
INTRODUCTION: Women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) navigate complex, dangerous decisions. Tailored safety information and safety planning, typically provided by domestic violence service providers, can prevent repeat IPV exposure and associated adverse health outcomes; however, few abused women access these services. The Internet represents a potentially innovative way to connect abused women with tailored safety planning resources and information. The purpose of this study was to compare safety and mental health outcomes at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months among abused women randomized to: (1) a tailored, Internet-based safety decision aid; or (2) control website (typical safety information available online)...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065419/a-study-on-sexual-violence-inflicted-on-individuals-with-intellectual-developmental-disorder
#8
A N Vadysinghe, P B Dassanayaka, M Sivasubramanium, D P P Senasinghe, A N Samaranayake, W M M H P Wickramasinghe
BACKGROUND: Rates of violence and abuse perpetrated on people with intellectual and developmental disability (IDD) have been reported to be significantly higher than on individuals without disability. However, rates of sexual violence against people with IDD in some less industrialized countries, such as Sri Lanka, have not been previously reported. OBJECTIVES: To describe characteristics of victims and perpetrators as well as the types of abuse found during medicolegal examinations of patients with IDD...
December 21, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055082/association-of-dsm-iv-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-with-traumatic-experience-type-and-history-in-the-world-health-organization-world-mental-health-surveys
#9
Howard Liu, Maria V Petukhova, Nancy A Sampson, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Jordi Alonso, Laura Helena Andrade, Evelyn J Bromet, Giovanni de Girolamo, Josep Maria Haro, Hristo Hinkov, Norito Kawakami, Karestan C Koenen, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Sing Lee, Maria Elena Medina-Mora, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Siobhan O'Neill, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Kate M Scott, Victoria Shahly, Dan J Stein, Margreet Ten Have, Yolanda Torres, Oye Gureje, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler
Importance: Previous research has documented significant variation in the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) depending on the type of traumatic experience (TE) and history of TE exposure, but the relatively small sample sizes in these studies resulted in a number of unresolved basic questions. Objective: To examine disaggregated associations of type of TE history with PTSD in a large cross-national community epidemiologic data set. Design, Setting, and Participants: The World Health Organization World Mental Health surveys assessed 29 TE types (lifetime exposure, age at first exposure) with DSM-IV PTSD that was associated with 1 randomly selected TE exposure (the random TE) for each respondent...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029276/response-to-miccio-fonseca-2015-and-defeo-2015-concerning-commentary-about-dsm-5-sexual-disorders-section
#10
Colin A Ross
Responses by Miccio-Fonseca (2015) and DeFeo (2015) to a commentary by Ross on problems with the sexual disorders sections of DSM-5 are based on a misunderstanding of Ross's article (2015a). Miccio-Fonseca and DeFeo describe what they consider to be confusion and misunderstanding in Ross's opinions about gender, sexuality, and related topics. However, Ross offered no personal opinions in his commentary and was focused solely on inconsistencies and contradictions within DSM-III, DSM-IV, and DSM-5.
January 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012859/endogenous-opiates-and-behavior-2015
#11
REVIEW
Richard J Bodnar
This paper is the thirty-eighth consecutive installment of the annual review of research concerning the endogenous opioid system. It summarizes papers published during 2015 that studied the behavioral effects of molecular, pharmacological and genetic manipulation of opioid peptides, opioid receptors, opioid agonists and opioid antagonists. The particular topics that continue to be covered include the molecular-biochemical effects and neurochemical localization studies of endogenous opioids and their receptors related to behavior, and the roles of these opioid peptides and receptors in pain and analgesia, stress and social status, tolerance and dependence, learning and memory, eating and drinking, drug abuse and alcohol, sexual activity and hormones, pregnancy, development and endocrinology, mental illness and mood, seizures and neurologic disorders, electrical-related activity and neurophysiology, general activity and locomotion, gastrointestinal, renal and hepatic functions, cardiovascular responses, respiration and thermoregulation, and immunological responses...
February 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974043/airplane-pilot-mental-health-and-suicidal-thoughts-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study-via-anonymous-web-based-survey
#12
Alexander C Wu, Deborah Donnelly-McLay, Marc G Weisskopf, Eileen McNeely, Theresa S Betancourt, Joseph G Allen
BACKGROUND: The Germanwings Flight 9525 crash has brought the sensitive subject of airline pilot mental health to the forefront in aviation. Globally, 350 million people suffer from depression-a common mental disorder. This study provides further information on this important topic regarding mental health especially among female airline pilots. This is the first study to describe airline pilot mental health-with a focus on depression and suicidal thoughts-outside of the information derived from aircraft accident investigations, regulated health examinations, or identifiable self-reports, which are records protected by civil aviation authorities and airline companies...
December 15, 2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973916/health-consequences-of-intimate-partner-violence-against-married-women-a-population-based-study-in-northern-iran
#13
Robabeh Soleimani, Reza Ahmadi, Azadeh Yosefnezhad
The effects of different types of intimate partner violence (IPV) on mental health are understudied. The aim of this study was to analyse the association between women's mental health and physical, psychological and sexual IPV. We invited subjects of a population-based survey conducted in 2015 in Rasht, Iran, on IPV against women to complete the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). The present research study is a secondary study based on these data and archival data from the 2015 study. For analysis, multivariate analysis of covariance was used...
December 14, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940668/reliable-pregnancy-testing-before-intravenous-cyclophosphamide-a-quality-improvement-study
#14
Kristen Hayward, Wren L Haaland, Jennifer Hrachovec, Michael Leu, Surabhi Vora, Holly Clifton, Nanci Rascoff, Claudia S Crowell
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cyclophosphamide is a teratogenic medication used in the treatment of adolescents with autoimmune disorders. This adolescent population is sexually active, does not receive adequate contraceptive care, and is at risk for unintended pregnancy. We undertook a quality improvement initiative to improve rates of pregnancy screening before intravenous cyclophosphamide administration in our adolescent girl patients. METHODS: Data were collected from the electronic medical record...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932442/contraceptive-sales-in-the-setting-of-the-zika-virus-epidemic
#15
Luis Bahamondes, Moazzam Ali, Ilza Monteiro, Arlete Fernandes
STUDY QUESTION: Has there been any influence of the Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak on the sales of contraceptive methods in Brazil? SUMMARY ANSWER: Contraceptive sales in the 24 months of evaluation showed little variation and no significant change has been observed since the ZIKV outbreak. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Transmission of ZIKV is primarily by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes; however, sexual transmission has also been described. The association of several birth defects and the ZIKV infection during pregnancy has been established, and it was estimated in Bahia, Brazil that the infection rate could range from 10% to 80%...
January 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914561/standards-for-clinical-trials-in-male-and-female-sexual-dysfunction-i-%C3%A2-phase-i-to-phase-iv-clinical-trial-design
#16
William A Fisher, Ilan Gruenwald, Emmanuele A Jannini, Ahinoam Lev-Sagie, Lior Lowenstein, Robert E Pyke, Yakov Reisman, Dennis A Revicki, Eusebio Rubio-Aurioles
This series of articles outlines standards for clinical trials of treatments for male and female sexual dysfunctions, with a focus on research design and patient-reported outcome assessment. These articles consist of revision, updating, and integration of articles on standards for clinical trials in male and female sexual dysfunction from the 2010 International Consultation on Sexual Medicine developed by the authors as part of the 2015 International Consultation on Sexual Medicine. We are guided in this effort by several principles...
December 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901410/bystander-interventions-for-sexual-assault-and-dating-violence-on-college-campuses-are-we-putting-bystanders-in-harm-s-way
#17
Tricia H Witte, Deborah M Casper, Christine L Hackman, Mazheruddin M Mulla
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the well-being of bystanders who witness and intervene in sexual assault and dating violence situations on campus. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 321 young men and women from a large university in the southeastern United States. METHODS: Participants completed a survey at the end of the Spring semester of 2015 about risky situations they had witnessed, with follow-up questions about their responses to the situations (eg, whether they intervened or not) and feelings about their responses...
April 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900222/surgical-outcomes-and-complications-of-tube%C3%A2-promedon-malleable-penile-prostheses-in-diabetic-versus-non-diabetic-patients-with-erectile-dysfunction
#18
Elnisr Rashed Mohamed, Ahmed Rashed Hammady, Mohamed Zaki Eldahshoury, Ahmed Mamdouh Elsharkawi, Ahmed Mahmoud Riad, Hazem Mohamed Elmogazy, Mohamed Mostafa Hussien, Wael Mohamed Gamal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate surgical outcome, complications, and patients satisfaction with the Tube® (Promedon, Cordoba, Argentina) malleable penile prosthesis in diabetic and non-diabetic patients with refractory erectile dysfunction (ED). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The records of 128 eligible patients who received Tube malleable penile prostheses at our institute between September 2008 and October 2015 were reviewed. RESULTS: Of the 128 patients, who received Tube penile prostheses at our institute, 53 were diabetics and 75 were non-diabetics...
December 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872030/male-sexual-function-and-smoking
#19
REVIEW
Mark G Biebel, Arthur L Burnett, Hossein Sadeghi-Nejad
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common disorder that has many potential etiologies, including hormonal imbalances, psychogenic factors, neurologic disorders, vascular insufficiency, and other risk factors. Cigarette smoking has been well established as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and stroke, but the relation between smoking and ED is less frequently considered. AIM: To review the current literature that analyzes the association between cigarette smoking and ED...
October 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872000/is-testosterone-a-food-for-the-brain
#20
REVIEW
Giacomo Ciocca, Erika Limoncin, Eleonora Carosa, Stefania Di Sante, Giovanni L Gravina, Daniele Mollaioli, Daniele Gianfrilli, Andrea Lenzi, Emmanuele A Jannini
INTRODUCTION: Testosterone is fundamental for psychological, sexological, cognitive, and reproductive aspects, and its lack or reduction largely impacts the quality of life in males and females. AIM: Therefore, the aim of this review is to describe the role of testosterone in the neurophysiology of the brain and related aspects regarding the quality of general and sexual life. METHODS: We listed and discussed the principal studies on the role of testosterone in the brain regarding sexual health, psychopathological conditions, and the elderly...
January 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
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