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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422006/inhibition-of-neurogenesis-by-zika-virus-infection
#1
Fahim Ahmad, Amna Siddiqui, Mohammad A Kamal, Sayed S Sohrab
The association between Zika virus infection and neurological disorder has raised urgent global alarm. The ongoing epidemic has triggered quick responses in the scientific community. The first case of Zika virus was reported in 2015 from Brazil and now has spread over 30 countries. Nearly four hundred cases of travel-associated Zika virus infection have also been reported in the United States. Zika virus is primarily transmitted by mosquito belongs to the genus Aedes that are widely distributed throughout the world including the Southern United States...
February 1, 2018: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407562/sex-of-sexual-partners-and-disordered-weight-control-behaviors-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-south-korean-adolescents
#2
Kimberly Y Yu, Yongjoo Kim, Jerel P Calzo, Jordan A Levinson, S Bryn Austin
Eating disorders are a serious and life-threatening health issue associated with physical and mental health problems. Stigma associated with sexual orientation is thought to be one contributor to eating disorders symptoms in U.S. adolescents. Additional research on disordered weight control behaviors in diverse populations is needed to better understand their etiology. To examine the association of sex of sexual partners with disordered weight control behaviors among South Korean adolescents, we analyzed survey data from 67,266 adolescents, ages 12-18 years, from the 2015 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey...
February 1, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396022/ignorance-is-not-bliss-if-we-don-t-understand-hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-how-can-flibanserin-treat-it-commentary
#3
REVIEW
Ryan Anderson, Claire E Moffatt
BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) affects as many as 1 in every 3 women, with a significant portion of these with hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD). These figures alone present significant psychological and pharmacologic challenges. Partly in response to this situation, in 2015 the US Food and Drug Administration approved flibanserin for the treatment of HSDD. This approval has drawn criticism on the grounds of efficacy and necessity. AIM: To better inform potential consumers about FSD, flibanserin and other interventions for the treatment of HSDD, the importance of understanding the mechanism of FSD, and the efficacy of flibanserin and to review existing relevant knowledge...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371820/nationwide-survey-of-urological-specialists-regarding-male-infertility-results-from-a-2015-questionnaire-in-japan
#4
Yasushi Yumura, Akira Tsujimura, Takashi Imamoto, Yukihiro Umemoto, Hideyuki Kobayashi, Koji Shiraishi, Takeshi Shin, Hisanori Taniguchi, Koji Chiba, Yasushi Miyagawa, Teruaki Iwamoto
Purpose: To investigate the incidence, etiology, treatment indications, and outcomes regarding infertile male patients in Japan. Methods: Between April, 2014 and March, 2015, the authors contacted 47 clinical specialists in male infertility who had been certified by the Japan Society for Reproductive Medicine. The participating clinicians were sent a questionnaire regarding information on their infertile patients, according to etiology and the number and success rates of male infertility operations that had been performed in their practice...
January 2018: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294706/factor-structure-and-reliability-of-the-posttraumatic-cognitions-inventory-in-korean-female-victims-of-sexual-violence
#5
Kyoung Min Shin, Young Ki Chung, Nam Hee Kim, Kyoung Ah Kim, Hyoung Yoon Chang
Trauma-related cognitions play an important role in formation and persistence of posttraumatic stress symptoms. This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Korean version of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) in a sample of 227 females who had experienced sexual violence. Data were collected from victims who sought victim support services following sexual violence between 2011 and 2015. The Impact of Event Scale-Revised, Beck Depression Inventory, and Beck Anxiety Inventory were used to measure posttraumatic stress disorder severity, depression, and anxiety, respectively...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175690/human-trafficking-education-for-nurse-practitioners-integration-into-standard-curriculum
#6
Rebecca M Lutz
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking is a crime resulting in serious negative health outcomes for the victims. To provide optimal care, thus improving health outcomes, healthcare providers must be able to identify victims as they seek care for acute and chronic physical illness, communicable diseases, sexually transmitted infections, and mental health disorders (Lederer and Wetzel, 2014; Oram et al., 2012). Unfortunately, healthcare providers lack appropriate knowledge of clues that would lead to victim identification...
November 16, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171862/deployment-related-military-sexual-trauma-predicts-heavy-drinking-and-alcohol-problems-among-male-reserve-and-national-guard-soldiers
#7
Jennifer Fillo, Sarah Cercone Heavey, D Lynn Homish, Gregory G Homish
BACKGROUND: Military sexual trauma (MST) is associated with a range of deleterious mental and physical health consequences; however, far less attention has been paid to the associations between MST and negative health behaviors, such as substance abuse. This study examined 2 focal research questions: (i) What is the prevalence of experiencing MST during deployment among male Reserve and National Guard soldiers? and (ii) to what extent is the degree of MST exposure during deployment associated with frequent heavy drinking and alcohol problems postdeployment? METHODS: Data from male soldiers who had been deployed (N = 248) were drawn from the baseline wave of Operation: SAFETY (Soldiers And Families Excelling Through the Years) an ongoing study examining health among U...
November 24, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159310/factors-associated-with-gender-affirming-surgery-and-age-of-hormone-therapy-initiation-among-transgender-adults
#8
Noor Beckwith, Sari L Reisner, Shayne Zaslow, Kenneth H Mayer, Alex S Keuroghlian
Purpose: Gender-affirming surgeries and hormone therapy are medically necessary treatments to alleviate gender dysphoria; however, significant gaps exist in the research and clinical literature on surgery utilization and age of hormone therapy initiation among transgender adults. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of electronic health record data from a random sample of 201 transgender patients of ages 18-64 years who presented for primary care between July 1, 2010 and June 30, 2015 (inclusive) at an urban community health center in Boston, MA...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157514/a-psycho-legal-perspective-on-sexual-offending-in-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
REVIEW
A Creaby-Attwood, C S Allely
It is important to consider whether there are innate vulnerabilities that increase the risk of an individual with an autistic spectrum disorder (ASD), predominantly those defendants with a diagnosis of Asperger's Syndrome, being charged and convicted of a sexual offence. The significance of such can be readily seen in recent English case law, with judgments on appeal finding convictions unsafe where there have been a number of failings in the Judge's summing up. In this article, we will consider the gravity of Judges omitting to highlight a defendant's diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder and the necessity of detailed explanations to jury members regarding the condition and its effect upon thoughts and behaviour...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111860/identification-of-the-gender-specific-health-needs-of-women-following-lung-transplantation
#10
Emily E Robertson, Robin J Bell, Penelope J Robinson, Greg Snell, Bronwyn Levvey, Helen M Whitford, Jane Harris, Susan R Davis
BACKGROUND: Little is known of the prevalence and severity of menstrual dysfunction, climacteric symptoms, pelvic floor disorders, sexual problems, and psychological wellbeing after lung transplantation in women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult female lung transplant recipients, attending the Alfred Hospital Lung Transplant Service in Melbourne, Australia participated in a women's health, cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. RESULTS: The 123 of 149 potential participants were recruited between September 2014 and July 2015...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111200/quality-of-life-psychological-functioning-and-treatment-satisfaction-of-men-who-have-undergone-penile-prosthesis-surgery-following-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#11
Brindha Pillay, Daniel Moon, Christopher Love, Denny Meyer, Emma Ferguson, Helen Crowe, Nicholas Howard, Sarah Mann, Addie Wootten
BACKGROUND: Penile prosthesis surgery is last-line treatment to regaining erectile function after radical prostatectomy (RP) for localized prostate cancer. AIMS: To assess quality of life, psychological functioning, and treatment satisfaction of men who underwent penile implantation after RP; the psychosocial correlates of treatment satisfaction and sexual function after surgery; and the relation between patients' and partners' ratings of treatment satisfaction...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110803/sexual-dysfunction-in-primary-care-an-exploratory-descriptive-analysis-of-medical-record-diagnoses
#12
Katie M Heiden-Rootes, Joanne Salas, Sarah Gebauer, Matthew Witthaus, Jeffrey Scherrer, Kristin McDaniel, Dasha Carver
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of sexual dysfunction (SDx) diagnoses in primary care settings is not well known, which is a concern because of the high prevalence of comorbid chronic health conditions in patients diagnosed with SDx. AIM: To explore the relation of SDx diagnosis, chronic health conditions, and prescription medications commonly associated with SDx for men and women in primary care using medical records diagnoses. METHODS: Exploratory descriptive analyses were used to interpret secondary data from a primary care patient database...
November 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082366/women-s-orgasm-obstacles-a-qualitative-study
#13
Maryam Nekoolaltak, Zohreh Keshavarz, Masoumeh Simbar, Ali Mohammad Nazari, Ahmad Reza Baghestani
BACKGROUND: Woman's orgasm plays a vital role in sexual compatibility and marital satisfaction. Orgasm in women is a learnable phenomenon that is influenced by several factors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is exploring obstacles to orgasm in Iranian married women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This qualitative study with directed content analysis approach was conducted in 2015-2016, on 20 Iranian married women who were individually interviewed at two medical clinics in Tehran, Iran...
August 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033990/investigating-the-relation-between-women-s-body-image-and-unconsummated-marriage
#14
Sara Hosseini, Mahnaz Noroozi, Gita Montazery
BACKGROUND: Unconsummated marriage is considered to be one of the complicated sexual issues that lead to multiple complications and problems for couples as well as the society. It is thought that this disorder is more common in traditional cultures and some religions such as Islam, Hinduism, and Judaism. The aim of this study was to determine the relation between women's body image and unconsummated marriage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a case-control study which was conducted among 50 women who had an unconsummated marriage (case group) and 100 women who had a consummated marriage (control group) in Isfahan, Iran during 2015-2016...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033986/women-coping-strategies-towards-menopause-and-its-relationship-with-sexual-dysfunction
#15
Nafiseh Shams Nateri, Marjan Beigi, Ashraf Kazemi, Fatemeh Shirinkam
BACKGROUND: Paying attention to sexual dysfunction and its coping strategies is essential owing to its impact on mental health in postmenopausal women and their families. This study aimed to determine the relationship between women coping strategies toward the process of menopause and sexual dysfunction in menopausal women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study in which 233 married menopausal women were sampled in the first 5 years after cessation of menstrual cycle using health records in the health centers in Isfahan in 2015...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953772/the-psycho-immunological-model-as-a-psychosomatic-entity-a-literature-review-of-interactions-between-depression-and-immunity
#16
Thomas Dubois, Christine Reynaert, Denis Jacques, Nicolas Zdanowicz
BACKGROUND: A large amount of evidence has already shown associations between depression and immunity, a bi-directional relationship seems to be increasingly evident. We showed in several precedent studies that family dynamics (Dubois et al. 2016, Zdanowicz et al. 2015), some coping skills (Manceaux et al. 2016) or gender (Fagniart et al. 2016) are correlated with depression and/or immunity and change the way depression and immunity interact together. METHOD: The objective of this review is to study the literature in search of older and recent evidence about how immunity and depression interact and which determinants influence this relationship...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945674/trafficking-and-trauma-insight-and-advice-for-the-healthcare-system-from-sex-trafficked-women-incarcerated-on-rikers-island
#17
Anita Ravi, Megan R Pfeiffer, Zachary Rosner, Judy A Shea
BACKGROUND: Sex-trafficked persons experience significant trauma while exploited, resulting in complex health issues and barriers to health care. Incorporating survivor perspectives is critical in optimizing health care delivery for this population. OBJECTIVES: We interviewed sex-trafficking survivors regarding their experiences with trauma while being trafficked and elicited advice about health care delivery. RESEARCH DESIGN: Qualitative interviews were conducted in New York City's Rikers Island jail from July to September 2015...
December 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938897/consequences-of-child-emotional-abuse-emotional-neglect-and-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-for-eating-disorders-a-systematic-critical-review
#18
Melissa Kimber, Jill R McTavish, Jennifer Couturier, Alison Boven, Sana Gill, Gina Dimitropoulos, Harriet L MacMillan
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment and eating disorders are significant public health problems. Yet, to date, research has focused on the role of child physical and sexual abuse in eating-related pathology. This is despite the fact that globally, exposure to emotional abuse, emotional neglect and intimate partner violence are the three of the most common forms of child maltreatment. The objective of the present study is to systematically identify and critically review the literature examining the association between child emotional abuse (EA), emotional neglect (EN), and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) and adult eating-disordered behavior and eating disorders...
September 22, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913683/an-evidence-map-of-the-women-veterans-health-research-literature-2008-2015
#19
Elisheva R Danan, Erin E Krebs, Kristine Ensrud, Eva Koeller, Roderick MacDonald, Tina Velasquez, Nancy Greer, Timothy J Wilt
BACKGROUND: Women comprise a growing proportion of Veterans seeking care at Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare facilities. VA initiatives have accelerated changes in services for female Veterans, yet the corresponding literature has not been systematically reviewed since 2008. In 2015, VA Women's Health Services and the VA Women's Health Research Network requested an updated literature review to facilitate policy and research planning. METHODS: The Minneapolis VA Evidence-based Synthesis Program performed a systematic search of research related to female Veterans' health published from 2008 through 2015...
September 14, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870721/factors-associated-with-severity-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-symptoms-in-patients-with-endometriosis
#20
Caroline E Lee, Paul J Yong, Christina Williams, Catherine Allaire
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine factors associated with severity of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) by using the Birmingham IBS symptom scale in patients presenting with endometriosis to a tertiary referral centre. METHODS: A prospective research cohort of patients presenting to a tertiary referral centre for endometriosis was evaluated for the presence and severity of IBS between December 2013 and April 2015. Patients with endometriosis had a diagnosis of IBS by using the Rome III criteria and were evaluated for severity of IBS symptoms by using the Birmingham IBS symptom scale...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
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