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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901410/bystander-interventions-for-sexual-assault-and-dating-violence-on-college-campuses-are-we-putting-bystanders-in-harm-s-way
#1
Tricia H Witte, Deborah M Casper, Christine L Hackman, Mazheruddin M Mulla
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the well-being of bystanders who witness and intervene in sexual assault and dating violence situations on campus. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 321 young men and women from a large university in the southeastern United States. METHODS: Participants completed a survey at the end of the Spring semester of 2015 about risky situations they had witnessed with follow up questions about their responses to the situations (e...
November 30, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900222/surgical-outcomes-and-complications-of-tube%C3%A2-promedon-malleable-penile-prostheses-in-diabetic-versus-non-diabetic-patients-with-erectile-dysfunction
#2
Elnisr Rashed Mohamed, Ahmed Rashed Hammady, Mohamed Zaki Eldahshoury, Ahmed Mamdouh Elsharkawi, Ahmed Mahmoud Riad, Hazem Mohamed Elmogazy, Mohamed Mostafa Hussien, Wael Mohamed Gamal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate surgical outcome, complications, and patients satisfaction with the Tube® (Promedon, Cordoba, Argentina) malleable penile prosthesis in diabetic and non-diabetic patients with refractory erectile dysfunction (ED). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The records of 128 eligible patients who received Tube malleable penile prostheses at our institute between September 2008 and October 2015 were reviewed. RESULTS: Of the 128 patients, who received Tube penile prostheses at our institute, 53 were diabetics and 75 were non-diabetics...
December 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872030/male-sexual-function-and-smoking
#3
REVIEW
Mark G Biebel, Arthur L Burnett, Hossein Sadeghi-Nejad
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common disorder that has many potential etiologies, including hormonal imbalances, psychogenic factors, neurologic disorders, vascular insufficiency, and other risk factors. Cigarette smoking has been well established as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and stroke, but the relation between smoking and ED is less frequently considered. AIM: To review the current literature that analyzes the association between cigarette smoking and ED...
October 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872000/is-testosterone-a-food-for-the-brain
#4
REVIEW
Giacomo Ciocca, Erika Limoncin, Eleonora Carosa, Stefania Di Sante, Giovanni L Gravina, Daniele Mollaioli, Daniele Gianfrilli, Andrea Lenzi, Emmanuele A Jannini
INTRODUCTION: Testosterone is fundamental for psychological, sexological, cognitive, and reproductive aspects, and its lack or reduction largely impacts the quality of life in males and females. AIM: Therefore, the aim of this review is to describe the role of testosterone in the neurophysiology of the brain and related aspects regarding the quality of general and sexual life. METHODS: We listed and discussed the principal studies on the role of testosterone in the brain regarding sexual health, psychopathological conditions, and the elderly...
January 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871960/useful-implications-of-low-dose-long-term-use-of-pde-5-inhibitors
#5
REVIEW
Taymour Mostafa
INTRODUCTION: Phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE-5) hydrolyzes cyclic guanylate monophosphate (cGMP) specifically to 5' GMP, promoting successful corporeal vascular relaxation and penile erection during sexual stimulation. Oral PDE-5 inhibitors such as sildenafil, vardenafil, tadalafil, and avanafil have provided noninvasive, effective, well-tolerated treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED) patients and, at the same time, stimulated both academic and clinical interests. Lately, some oral PDE-5 inhibitors were released as low-dose preparations with the concept of potential daily administration and long-term use...
July 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858170/flibanserin-and-its-discontents
#6
REVIEW
Awais Aftab, Cheryl Chen, Jacob McBride
In August 2015, flibanserin (brand name Addyi) was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of acquired, generalized hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) in premenopausal women. This article summarizes and promotes discussion regarding the numerous controversies that have enclosed flibanserin since the very beginning. This includes questions related to flibanserin's safety and efficacy and the validity of the clinical trials. Also included are philosophical considerations surrounding the diagnosis of hypoactive sexual desire disorder and pharmacological treatment of low libido...
November 17, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825722/current-status-of-hiv-aids-in-the-art-era
#7
REVIEW
Kazuhisa Yoshimura
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) spread to humans from chimpanzees (HIV-1 groups M and N), gorillas (HIV-1 groups P and O), and sooty mangabeys (HIV-2). HIV is spread mainly through blood or body fluids. Subjects can become infected with HIV by sexual contact, needle sharing, blood transfusions, or maternal transmissions as a blood-borne virus or via breast-milk. The incubation period of HIV-1 from infection to the development of AIDS ranges from 8 to 11 years. In the past 3 decades, HIV has caused a great burden to global wealth and health...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798415/recent-findings-on-the-genetics-of-disorders-of-sex-development
#8
Jessica Kremen, Yee-Ming Chan, Jonathan M Swartz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Disorders of sex development (DSD) are a diverse group of conditions affecting gonadal development, sexual differentiation, or chromosomal sex. In this review, we will discuss recent literature on the genetic causes of DSD, with a focus on novel genetic sequencing technologies, new phenotypes associated with known DSD genes, and increasing recognition of the role of genetic regulatory elements in DSD. RECENT FINDINGS: We performed a comprehensive search of PubMed through August 2016 to identify important peer-reviewed publications from 2015 to 2016 on the topic of DSD genetics...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790464/cytogenetic-analysis-for-suspected-chromosomal-abnormalities-a-five-years-experience
#9
Sunil Kumar Polipalli, Vijay Kumar Karra, Ankur Jindal, Madhavi Puppala, Pratiksha Singh, Kanchan Rawat, Seema Kapoor
INTRODUCTION: Chromosomal abnormalities are the results of alterations in the number or structure of chromosomes causing significant human morbidity and mortality. They are responsible for a large proportion of miscarriages, developmental delay, disorders of sexual development, congenital malformations and mental retardation. AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of different chromosomal abnormalities in North Indian patients referred for cytogenetic analysis...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770673/effects-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-on-child-abuse-and-neglect
#10
Emel Sari Gokten, Nagihan Saday Duman, Nusret Soylu, Mehmet Erdem Uzun
It is known that children with mental and developmental problems are at risk of abuse and neglect. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is one of the most frequent neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents. The purpose of this study is to examine whether children diagnosed with ADHD are under more risk in terms of child abuse and neglect compared to controls. In this case-control study, 104 children, who applied to Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Unit of Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital between January and June 2015, were diagnosed with ADHD, and had no other psychiatric comorbidity except for disruptive behavior disorders, and 104 healthy children were compared...
December 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755002/ce-veteran-women-mental-health-related-consequences-of-military-service
#11
Christine Anne Ganzer
: A review of recent research and its relevance for nurses in all settings. ABSTRACT: The last two decades have seen increasing numbers of women entering all branches of the U.S. armed forces. Now that women in the military are no longer prohibited from holding direct combat positions, they are often exposed to traumatic events that place them at higher risk for mental health conditions. Nurses working within the Veterans Affairs (VA) system and those working in non-VA settings are likely to encounter female veterans...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743623/behavioral-and-mental-health-correlates-of-youth-stalking-victimization-a-latent-class-approach
#12
Dennis E Reidy, Joanne P Smith-Darden, Poco D Kernsmith
INTRODUCTION: Although recognized as a public health problem, little attention has been paid to the problem of stalking among youth. Latent profile analysis was used to identify latent groups of adolescent stalking victims and their behavioral and mental health correlates. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of 1,236 youths were randomly selected from 13 schools stratified by community risk level (i.e., low, moderate, and high risk) and gender. Students completed surveys assessing behavioral indicators of stalking victimization, as well as substance use, sexual behavior, dating violence, and psychiatric symptoms...
December 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733531/semen-quality-impairment-is-associated-with-sexual-dysfunction-according-to-its-severity
#13
F Lotti, G Corona, G Castellini, E Maseroli, M G Fino, M Cozzolino, M Maggi
STUDY QUESTION: Is sexual dysfunction associated with severity of semen quality impairment in men with couple infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: In males of infertile couples the prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) increases as a function of semen quality impairment severity. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Infertile men are at a higher risk for sexual dysfunction, psychopathological and general health disorders. However, it has never been systematically investigated if these problems are associated with severity of semen quality impairment...
October 12, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726123/psychological-therapies-for-children-and-adolescents-exposed-to-trauma
#14
REVIEW
Donna Gillies, Licia Maiocchi, Abhishta P Bhandari, Fiona Taylor, Carl Gray, Louise O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents who have experienced trauma are at high risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other negative emotional, behavioural and mental health outcomes, all of which are associated with high personal and health costs. A wide range of psychological treatments are used to prevent negative outcomes associated with trauma in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of psychological therapies in preventing PTSD and associated negative emotional, behavioural and mental health outcomes in children and adolescents who have undergone a traumatic event...
October 11, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711088/a-combination-of-tryptophan-satureja-montana-tribulus-terrestris-phyllanthus-emblica-extracts-is-able-to-improve-sexual-quality-of-life-in-patient-with-premature-ejaculation
#15
Salvatore Sansalone, Giorgio Ivan Russo, Nicola Mondaini, Francesco Cantiello, Gabriele Antonini, Tommaso Cai
OBJECTIVE: The management of patient affected by premature ejaculation (PE) is nowadays not highly satisfactory. Here, we aimed to evaluate the tolerability and efficacy of a combination of tryptophan, Satureja montana, Tribulus terrestris, Phyllanthus emblica extracts in order to improve sexual quality of life in patients with premature ejaculation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients attending to 5 urological centers from January 2015 to March 2015, due to premature ejaculation were enrolled in this study...
October 5, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708473/zika-the-origin-and-spread-of-a-mosquito-borne-virus
#16
Mary Kay Kindhauser, Tomas Allen, Veronika Frank, Ravi Shankar Santhana, Christopher Dye
OBJECTIVE: To describe the temporal and geographical distribution of Zika virus infection and associated neurological disorders, from 1947 to 1 February 2016, when Zika became a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). METHODS: We did a literature search using the terms "Zika" and "ZIKV" in PubMed, cross-checked the findings for completeness against other published reviews and added formal notifications to WHO submitted under the International Health Regulations...
September 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699581/mental-and-physical-health-among-homeless-sexual-and-gender-minorities-in-a-major-urban-us-city
#17
Annesa Flentje, Armando Leon, Adam Carrico, Debbie Zheng, James Dilley
Sexual and gender minorities have been shown to have greater rates of mental health, substance use disorders, and specific types of health problems compared to heterosexuals. Among the homeless population in several US urban areas, sexual and gender minorities are overrepresented but few studies have examined the mental and physical health status of homeless sexual and gender minorities, with studies on homeless gender minorities being particularly hard to find. Using survey data obtained from the city and county of San Francisco (2015 Homeless Survey), this study examined differences in causes of homelessness, physical and mental health problems, and domestic violence among homeless sexual and gender minorities and their heterosexual and cisgender (i...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672677/left-paraaortic-inframesenteric-lymphadenectomy-preserving-the-superior-hypogastric-plexus-supported-by-indocyanine-green-icg-labeling-of-the-lymphatic-compartment-in-cervical-cancer
#18
Rainer Kimmig, Peter Rusch, Paul Buderath, Bahriye Aktas
Superior hypogastric plexus (SHG) contains mainly sympathetic and most probably also postganglionic parasympathetic fibers. Thus, surgical damage of SHG may cause autonomic pelvic organ dysfunction (Kraima et al., 2015). As already shown for rectal cancer, preservation of the autonomic nerves is facilitated by robotic surgery and may avoid sexual dysfunctions and voiding disorders (Kim et al., 2015). In this educational video, we demonstrate left lower paraaortic lymph node dissection preserving the SHG using ICG fluorescence to label the lymphatic compartment...
November 2016: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663307/-efficacy-and-safety-of-flibanserin-new-female-viagra-%C3%A2-literature-review
#19
C Terrier, J-E Terrier
INTRODUCTION: In August 2015, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Addyi(®) (flibanserin) for treatment of acquired, generalized hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) in pre-menopausal women. We carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of the drug in women with HSDD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A systematic literature review from the PubMed database search was carried out until April 2016 using the following keywords: "HSDD", "flibanserin", "sexual desire" and "ransomised controlled trial"...
September 20, 2016: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652227/the-pathophysiology-of-delayed-ejaculation
#20
REVIEW
Juza Chen
Delayed ejaculation (DE) is probably least studied, and least understood of male sexual dysfunctions, with an estimated prevalence of 1-4% of the male population. Pathophysiology of DE is multifactorial and including psychosexual-behavioral and cultural factors, disruption of ejaculatory apparatus, central and peripheral neurotransmitters, hormonal or neurochemical ejaculatory control and psychosocial factors. Although knowledge of the physiology of the DE has increased in the last two decade, our understanding of the different pathophysiological process of the causes of DE remains limited...
August 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
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