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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141903/mumps-epidemic-in-north-america-proves-unusually-stubborn
#1
Owen Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132992/measuring-the-timeliness-of-childhood-vaccinations-using-cohort-data-and-routine-health-records-to-evaluate-quality-of-immunisation-services
#2
Suzanne Walton, Mario Cortina-Borja, Carol Dezateux, Lucy J Griffiths, Karen Tingay, Ashley Akbari, Amrita Bandyopadhyay, Ronan A Lyons, Helen Bedford
BACKGROUND: To achieve full benefits of vaccination programmes, high uptake and timely receipt of vaccinations are required. OBJECTIVES: To examine uptake and timeliness of infant and pre-school booster vaccines using cohort study data linked to health records. METHODS: We included 1782 children, born between 2000 and 2001, participating in the Millennium Cohort Study and resident in Wales, whose parents gave consent for linkage to National Community Child Health Database records at the age seven year contact...
November 10, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119087/a-new-primary-health-care-system-in-the-syrian-opposition-territories-good-effort-but-far-from-being-perfect
#3
Tarek Alsaied, Abdullah Mawas, Fatima Al Sayah, Abdulrazzak Kental, Maher Saqqur
Objectives: The primary health-care system in Syria has suffered a great deal of damage over the past 6 years. A large number of physicians and health-care providers have left the country. The objectives of this study are to describe our experience in establishing a primary health-care system in the opposition territories (OTs) in Syria and report the most common treated diseases. Methods: The administrative databases of ten primary care centers in the OT from January 2014 to December 2015 were reviewed...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110978/mumps-an-emergency-medicine-focused-update
#4
Chelsea Bockelman, Thomas C Frawley, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Mumps is a Paramyxoviridae virus. This disease was rampant prior to introduction of the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine, resulting in decreased incidence. This disease has demonstrated several outbreaks. OBJECTIVE: This review provides a focused evaluation of mumps, an update on outbreaks, management recommendations, and ways to decrease transmission. DISCUSSION: Clusters of mumps outbreaks continue to occur. The virus is a paramyxovirus, a single-stranded RNA virus...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109489/the-first-case-of-mumps-associated-achalasia
#5
Luke Hillman, Darren M Brenner, Dustin A Carlson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095807/vaccination-coverage-among-children-aged-19-35-months-united-states-2016
#6
Holly A Hill, Laurie D Elam-Evans, David Yankey, James A Singleton, Yoonjae Kang
Vaccination is the most effective intervention to reduce morbidity and mortality from vaccine-preventable diseases in young children (1). Data from the 2016 National Immunization Survey-Child (NIS-Child) were used to assess coverage with recommended vaccines (2) among children aged 19-35 months in the United States. Coverage remained ≥90% for ≥3 doses of poliovirus vaccine (91.9%), ≥1 dose of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR) (91.1%), ≥1 dose of varicella vaccine (90.6%), and ≥3 doses of hepatitis B vaccine (HepB) (90...
November 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094391/investigating-the-assumptions-of-the-self-controlled-case-series-method
#7
Heather J Whitaker, Yonas Ghebremichael-Weldeselassie, Ian J Douglas, Liam Smeeth, C Paddy Farrington
We describe some simple techniques for investigating 2 key assumptions of the self-controlled case series (SCCS) method, namely, that events do not influence subsequent exposures and that events do not influence the length of observation periods. For each assumption, we propose some simple tests based on the standard SCCS model, along with associated graphical displays. The methods also enable the user to investigate the robustness of the results obtained using the standard SCCS model to failure of assumptions...
November 2, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079394/optimising-the-introduction-of-multiple-childhood-vaccines-in-japan-a-model-proposing-the-introduction-sequence-achieving-the-highest-health-gains
#8
Baudouin Standaert, Nadia Schecroun, Olivier Ethgen, Oleksandr Topachevskyi, Yoriko Morioka, Ilse Van Vlaenderen
BACKGROUND: Many countries struggle with the prioritisation of introducing new vaccines because of budget limitations and lack of focus on public health goals. A model has been developed that defines how specific health goals can be optimised through immunisation within vaccination budget constraints. METHODS: Japan, as a country example, could introduce 4 new pediatric vaccines targeting influenza, rotavirus, pneumococcal disease and mumps with known burden of disease, vaccine efficacies and maximum achievable coverages...
September 21, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077422/measles-mumps-rubella-and-varicella-among-service-members-and-other-beneficiaries-of-the-military-health-system-2010-2016
#9
Valerie F Williams, Shauna Stahlman, Michael Fan
Measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella (MMR/V) are highly communicable infectious diseases whose causative agents are spread through contact with contaminated surfaces or airborne droplets. Individuals at highest risk for MMR/V infections include infants, unvaccinated or inadequately vaccinated persons, individuals living in communities with low vaccination rates or in crowded and unsanitary conditions, and persons with compromised immune systems. During 2010-2016, there were 11 confirmed measles cases and 76 confirmed mumps cases among all Military Health System (MHS) beneficiaries...
October 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076102/epidemiological-profile-of-acute-viral-encephalitis
#10
Rajesh Kumar, Pankaj Kumar, Manoj Kumar Singh, Dipti Agarwal, Bendangienla Jamir, Shashi Khare, Samrendra Narayan
OBJECTIVE: To study the etiology and clinico-epidemiological profile of acute viral encephalitis in children with acute encephalitis syndrome (AES). METHODS: An observational study including 100 patients fulfilling the criteria for AES was conducted in children of age group 1 mo - 16 y. Viral isolation was done on RD cells, HEp-2 cells and Vero cells from the cerebrospinal fluid samples of suspected viral encephalitis (VE) cases. An enzyme immunoassay for IgM antibodies was performed for measles, mumps, Varicella zoster virus (VZV), Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV1) and Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV)...
October 27, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072682/c-x-c-motif-chemokine-ligand-10-produced-by-mouse-sertoli-cells-in-response-to-mumps-virus-infection-induces-male-germ-cell-apoptosis
#11
Qian Jiang, Fei Wang, Lili Shi, Xiang Zhao, Maolei Gong, Weihua Liu, Chengyi Song, Qihan Li, Yongmei Chen, Han Wu, Daishu Han
Mumps virus (MuV) infection usually results in germ cell degeneration in the testis, which is an etiological factor for male infertility. However, the mechanisms by which MuV infection damages male germ cells remain unclear. The present study showed that C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 10 (CXCL10) is produced by mouse Sertoli cells in response to MuV infection, which induces germ cell apoptosis through the activation of caspase-3. CXC chemokine receptor 3 (CXCR3), a functional receptor of CXCL10, is constitutively expressed in male germ cells...
October 26, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056424/implementing-near-real-time-vaccine-safety-surveillance-using-the-clinical-practice-research-datalink-cprd
#12
Andreia Leite, Sara L Thomas, Nick J Andrews
INTRODUCTION: Near real-time vaccine safety surveillance (NRTVSS) using electronic health records is increasingly used to rapidly detect vaccine safety signals. NRTVSS has not been fully implemented in the UK. We assessed the feasibility of implementing this surveillance using the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD). METHODS: We selected seasonal influenza vaccine/Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) as an example of a rare outcome and measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine/febrile seizures as a positive control...
October 19, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046249/humoral-immunity-to-mumps-in-a-highly-vaccinated-population-in-taiwan
#13
Yu-Huai Ho, Chen-Chi Tsai, Ya-Wen Tsai, Yu-Chiang Wang, Tzou-Yien Lin, De-Jen Lee, Chih-Jung Chen
BACKGROUND: A resurgence of mumps was noted recently and outbreaks were increasingly reported in populations with high vaccine coverage. We aimed to evaluate the seroprevalence to mumps in Taiwan, where a two-dose childhood mumps-containing vaccine program, with a high coverage rate, had been implemented for >20 years. METHODS: The anti-mumps IgG was determined in 3552 participants of all ages in Taiwan. The age-specific seropositivity rates were calculated and the sociodemographic variables associated with the seronegative sera were analyzed with a logistic regression method...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037978/expected-immunizations-and-health-protection-for-hajj-and-umrah-2018-an-overview
#14
REVIEW
Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq, Philippe Gautret, Ziad A Memish
BACKGROUND: The annual Hajj and Umrah are one of the largest recurring religious mass gatherings across the globe drawing pilgrims from more than 185 countries. The living circumstances and activities of the pilgrims may create an environment for the occurrence and spread of communicable diseases. Each year, the Health authority of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in coordination with international health authorities, updates health requirements for pilgrims. The Hajj for 2017 took place from August 24 to September 5, 2017...
October 14, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037574/county-level-assessment-of-united-states-kindergarten-vaccination-rates-for-measles-mumps-rubella-mmr-for-the-2014-2015-school-year
#15
Sheryl A Kluberg, Denise P McGinnis, Yulin Hswen, Maimuna S Majumder, Mauricio Santillana, John S Brownstein
United States kindergarten measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination rates are typically reported at the state level by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The lack of local MMR data prevents identification of areas with low vaccination rates that would be vulnerable to the spread of disease. We collected county-level vaccination rates for the 2014-2015 school year with the objective of identifying these regions. We requested county-level kindergarten vaccination data from state health departments, and mapped these data to visualize geographic patterns in achievement of the 95% MMR vaccination target...
November 7, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036392/update-from-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices
#16
Sean T O'Leary, David W Kimberlin
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), a group of medical and public health experts, meets 3 times per year to develop recommendations for vaccine use in the United States. The group has 15 voting members, and each member's term is 4 years. ACIP members and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) staff discuss the epidemiology of vaccine-preventable diseases and vaccine research, effectiveness, safety data, and clinical trial results. Representatives from the American Academy of Pediatrics (Carrie L...
September 25, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031695/-hesitant-compliers-qualitative-analysis-of-concerned-fully-vaccinating-parents
#17
Stephanie L Enkel, Katie Attwell, Thomas L Snelling, Hayley E Christian
OBJECTIVE: Some parents are hesitant about vaccines and yet still vaccinate their children. Vaccine behaviours are not fixed and parents who are concerned but nonetheless adherent to standard schedules could switch to an unconventional schedule, delaying or cherry-picking vaccines. There is a need to better understand vaccine hesitancy in specific contexts, acknowledging cultural and geographical variation, to ensure interventions targeting hesitancy are well directed and received. METHODS: To identify the behaviours, knowledge and attitudes of 'hesitant compliers' in Perth, Western Australia, nine one-on-one in-depth interviews were conducted with vaccinating parents of children (<5 years) who were identified as being hesitant...
October 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029941/timeliness-of-childhood-vaccination-in-the-federated-states-of-micronesia
#18
Ashley Tippins, Andrew J Leidner, Mehreen Meghani, Aja Griffin, Louisa Helgenberger, Mawuli Nyaku, J Michael Underwood
BACKGROUND: Vaccination coverage is typically measured as the proportion of individuals who have received recommended vaccine doses by the date of assessment. This approach does not provide information about receipt of vaccines by the recommended age, which is critical for ensuring optimal protection from vaccine-preventable diseases (VPDs). OBJECTIVE: To assess vaccination timeliness in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), and the projected impact of suboptimal vaccination in the event of an outbreak...
November 7, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028959/effectiveness-of-measles-vaccination-and-immune-globulin-post-exposure-prophylaxis-in-an-outbreak-setting-new-york-city-2013
#19
Robert J Arciuolo, Rachel R Jablonski, Jane R Zucker, Jennifer B Rosen
Background: Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR) or immune globulin (IG) are routinely used for measles post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). However, current literature on the effectiveness of measles PEP is limited and variable. Here, we examined the effectiveness of MMR and IG PEP among children exposed to measles during an outbreak in New York City (NYC) in 2013. Methods: Contacts were identified by the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene between 13 March 2013 and 30 June 2013...
September 23, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023430/vaccination-coverage-for-selected-vaccines-exemption-rates-and-provisional-enrollment-among-children-in-kindergarten-united-states-2016-17-school-year
#20
Ranee Seither, Kayla Calhoun, Erica J Street, Jenelle Mellerson, Cynthia L Knighton, Ashley Tippins, J Michael Underwood
State and local school vaccination requirements help protect students and communities against vaccine-preventable diseases (1). CDC reports vaccination coverage and exemption data for children attending kindergarten (kindergartners) collected by federally funded immunization programs in the United States.* The typical age range for kindergartners is 4-6 years. Although vaccination requirements vary by state (the District of Columbia [DC] is counted as a state in this report.), the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends that children in this age range have received, among other vaccinations, 5 doses of diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP), 2 doses of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR), and 2 doses of varicella vaccine (2)...
October 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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