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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779720/search-engines-news-wires-and-digital-epidemiology-presumptions-and-facts
#1
Fatemeh Kaveh-Yazdy, Ali-Mohammad Zareh-Bidoki
BACKGROUND: Digital epidemiology tries to identify diseases dynamics and spread behaviors using digital traces collected via search engines logs and social media posts. However, the impacts of news on information-seeking behaviors have been remained unknown. METHODS: Data employed in this research provided from two sources, (1) Parsijoo search engine query logs of 48 months, and (2) a set of documents of 28 months of Parsijoo's news service. Two classes of topics, i...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771601/response-to-third-rubella-vaccine-dose
#2
Lotta Siira, Hanne Nøkleby, Regine Barlinn, Øystein R Riise, Ingeborg S Aaberge, Susanne G Dudman
Limited data exist on the immunogenicity of a third dose of the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR). In this study, our aim was to evaluate the long-term rubella immunogenicity afforded by two childhood MMR doses of the Norwegian vaccination program in a cohort of conscripts and to determine the effect of an additional dose of MMR vaccine, in order to inform vaccination policy. Blood samples from Norwegian conscripts (n = 495) taken both before and eight months after administration of a dose of MMR vaccine were tested using an enzyme immunoassay to measure anti-rubella IgG...
May 17, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757209/immunization-offer-targeting-migrants-policies-and-practices-in-italy
#3
Teresa Dalla Zuanna, Martina Del Manso, Cristina Giambi, Flavia Riccardo, Antonino Bella, Maria Grazia Caporali, Maria Grazia Dente, Silvia Declich
The unprecedented flow of migrants over the last three years places Italy in front of new issues regarding medical care from the rescue phase up to the integration into the national health services, including preventive actions. We used online questionnaires to investigate the Italian national and regional policies for immunization offer targeting asylum seekers, refugees, irregular migrants and unaccompanied minors. Another questionnaire was used to assess how these policies are translated into practice in migrant reception centres and community health services...
May 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757123/the-role-of-humor-in-messaging-about-the-mmr-vaccine
#4
Emily Moyer-Gusé, Melissa J Robinson, Jessica Mcknight
Outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases have increased due, in part, to misconceptions about vaccine safety (Kennedy et al., 2011). Extant literature has examined various messages designed to correct false beliefs about vaccination risks and to urge parents to vaccinate their children. The present study is designed to contribute to this literature by drawing on the broader research and theory on resistance to persuasion and correcting false beliefs. We examine the effects of a humorous (vs. non-humorous) message about the importance of the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine on parents' vaccine hesitancy...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741721/update-from-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices
#5
Sean T O'Leary, David W Kimberlin, Yvonne A Maldonado
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), a group of medical and public health experts, meets 3 times per year to develop recommendations for vaccine use in the United States. The group has 15 voting members, each of whom is appointed to a 4-year term. ACIP members and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) staff discuss the epidemiology of vaccine-preventable diseases and vaccine research, effectiveness, safety data, and clinical trial results. The ACIP met on October 25 and 26, 2017, to discuss herpes zoster vaccine, the child/adolescent and adult vaccination schedules, Japanese encephalitis (JE) epidemiology and vaccines, pneumococcal vaccines, anthrax vaccines and disaster preparedness, hepatitis A outbreaks, influenza surveillance and vaccination coverage, vaccine safety, and considerations for a potential third dose of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine to combat ongoing mumps outbreaks...
May 7, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734606/meteorological-factors-and-the-incidence-of-mumps-in-fujian-province-china-2005-2013-non-linear-effects
#6
Wenqi Hu, Yuying Li, Weixiao Han, Li Xue, Wenchao Zhang, Wei Ma, Peng Bi
BACKGROUND: Mumps is still an important public health issue in the world with several recent outbreaks. The seasonable distribution of the disease suggested that meteorological factors may influence the incidence of mumps. The aim of this study was to explore the possible association between meteorological factors and the incidence of mumps, and to provide scientific evidence to relevant health authorities for the disease control and prevention. METHODS: We obtained the data of mumps cases and daily meteorological factors in Fujian Province in Eastern China over the period of 2005-2013...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718326/mumps-a-pain-in-the-neck
#7
Stanley A Plotkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717799/information-education-and-health-behaviors-evidence-from-the-mmr-vaccine-autism-controversy
#8
Lenisa V Chang
In the wake of strong, although later refuted, claims of a link between autism and the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, I examine whether fewer parents immunized or delayed vaccinations for their children and if there was a differential response by mother's education level. Using various controls and a differencing strategy that compares in MMR take-up with other vaccines, I find that the MMR-autism controversy led to a decline in the immediate years and that there were negative spillovers onto other vaccines...
May 2, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717696/extension-of-french-vaccination-mandates-from-the-recommendation-of-the-steering-committee-of-the-citizen-consultation-on-vaccination-to-the-law
#9
Daniel Lévy-Bruhl, Jean-Claude Desenclos, Sylvie Quelet, François Bourdillon
On 4 December 2017, French parliamentarians passed a law extending the vaccination mandates for children up to 2 years of age from three vaccinations (against diphtheria, tetanus and poliomyelitis) to 11 by adding vaccinations against pertussis, Haemophilus influenza b (Hib), hepatitis B, pneumococcal diseases, meningococcal C diseases, measles, mumps and rubella. This vote follows a recommendation made by the Steering Committee of the Citizen Consultation on Vaccination that took place in 2016. The law applies to all children born after 1 January 2018...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716667/can-flanders-resist-the-measles-outbreak-assessing-vaccination-coverage-in-different-age-groups-among-flemish-residents
#10
T Braeckman, H Theeten, M Roelants, S Blaizot, K Hoppenbrouwers, K Maertens, P Van Damme, C Vandermeulen
The Belgian strategic plan to eliminate measles contains several vaccination strategies including routine immunisation programmes and catch-up campaigns. A new expanded programme on immunisation-based survey (2016) assessed the uptake of the recommended measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine in three different cohorts: toddlers, adolescents and parents of toddlers. A two-stage cluster sampling technique was used to select 875 toddlers (age 18-24 months) and 1250 adolescents (born in 2000) from 107 municipalities in Flanders...
May 2, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716545/management-and-control-of-communicable-diseases-in-schools-and-other-child-care-settings-systematic-review-on-the-incubation-period-and-period-of-infectiousness
#11
Ida Czumbel, Chantal Quinten, Pierluigi Lopalco, Jan C Semenza
BACKGROUND: Information on the incubation period and period of infectiousness or shedding of infectious pathogens is critical for management and control of communicable diseases in schools and other childcare settings. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review (Pubmed and Embase) to identify and critically appraise all relevant published articles using incubation, infectiousness or shedding, and exclusion period as parameters for the search. No language, time, geographical or study design restrictions were applied...
May 2, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715254/recognizing-measles-mumps-and-rubella-in-the-emergency-department
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715253/recognizing-measles-mumps-and-rubella-in-the-emergency-department
#13
Tracie Gadler, Nicole Martinez, Jill Ogg-Gress
Measles, mumps, and rubella have impacted millions of American lives over the last 100 years. During the last century, researchers have identified viral diseases, developed a combination vaccine, and have continued ongoing research when outbreaks have occurred. Despite the high incidence of vaccinated individuals, these highly communicable diseases continue to flourish within clusters of outbreaks throughout the United States. Emergency medicine providers play a key role in early recognition and diagnosis of the disease...
April 2018: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707828/enhanced-immunity-in-intradermal-vaccination-by-novel-hollow-microneedles
#14
N Ogai, I Nonaka, Y Toda, T Ono, S Minegishi, A Inou, M Hachiya, H Fukamizu
BACKGROUND: The intradermal (ID) route for vaccination represents an effective alternative to subcutaneous (SC)/intramuscular administration to induce protective immunity. However, a critical issue associated with ID vaccination is the precise delivery of solution in the upper dermis, which ensures enhanced immunity. METHODS: We fabricated a hollow microneedle unit made of poly-glycolic acid by injection molding and bonding, and created a dedicated prototype injector...
April 29, 2018: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689659/-antibody-prevalence-to-mumps-in-children-and-adolescents-at-two-years-of-the-introduction-of-the-mmr-vaccine
#15
Armando Méndez-Herrera, Eloísa Arias-Toledo, Miguel Sánchez-Alemán, Ma Leonidez Olamendi-Portugal, Juan Ruiz-Gómez, José Luis Díaz-Ortega
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of mumps antibodies in children and adolescents of Mexico, two years after the introduction of the mumps-containing vaccine MMR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Evaluation of IgG antibodies with a commercial kit of indirect ELISA. RESULTS: 2 111 children (1-9 years) and 2484 adolescents (10-19 years) were studied. The overall antibody seroprevalence was 70.6% (95% CI 69.3-71.9), being higher in adolescents (83.0%, 95%CI 81...
January 2018: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684293/serological-survey-of-measles-immunity-in-the-czech-republic-2013
#16
Hana Tomášková, Hana Zelená, Alena Kloudová, Ivan Tomášek
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the serological survey of measles was to obtain information on the prevalence of antibodies against measles and to verify the effectiveness of vaccination in the Czech population in order to protect public health. METHODS: The serological survey was carried out in the Czech Republic in 2013. Antibodies against measles were tested in 3,111 serum samples of participants aged 1-64 years. Serum samples were tested for the presence of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies by enzyme immunoassay (EIA)...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678496/mumps-outbreaks-a-problem-in-need-of-solutions
#17
REVIEW
Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito
OBJECTIVES: To discuss what is presently known about recent mumps outbreaks and what solutions can be suggested to ensure more complete protection against mumps. METHODS: PubMed was used to search for all of the studies published over the last 15 years using the key words "mumps" or "mumps virus" or "mumps vaccine". More than 1,500 articles were found, but only those published in English or providing evidence-based data were included in the evaluation...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669036/acute-motor-axonal-polyneuropathy-following-mumps-infection-in-a-9-year-old-girl
#18
Karunakar Pediredla, Anitha Abimannane, Venkatesh Chandrasekaran, Barath Jagadisan, Niranjan Biswal
A 9-year-old girl presented with lower motor neuron type of paralysis involving limbs, trunk and multiple cranial nerves (7, 9 and 10) with preceding history of mumps 1 week before the onset of weakness. There were no features to suggest either a meningitis or encephalitis in the child. Cerebrospinal fluid showed hypoglycorrhachia and mild protein elevation; magnetic resonance imaging of the brain was normal. Nerve conduction study showed motor axonal neuropathy. Serology for mumps IgM was positive, consistent with a diagnosis of post-mumps acute motor axonal polyneuropathy...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667574/genomic-non-coding-regions-reveal-hidden-patterns-of-mumps-virus-circulation-in-spain-2005-to-2015
#19
Ana M Gavilán, Aurora Fernández-García, Angel Rueda, Ana Castellanos, Josefa Masa-Calles, Noemí López-Perea, María V Torres de Mier, Fernando de Ory, Juan E Echevarría
BackgroundSince mumps vaccination was introduced in 1981 in Spain, the incidence of the disease has dropped significantly. However, cyclic epidemic waves and outbreaks still occur, despite high vaccination coverage. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends genotyping to trace the pattern of mumps virus (MuV) circulation. Genotype H was predominant in Spain, but was replaced in 2005 by genotype G which has subsequently remained dominant. Of the small hydrophobic protein gene sequences, 78% are identical and belong to the MuVi/ Sheffield...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650059/labyrinthitis-ossificans-in-a-cynomolgus-macaque-macaca-fascicularis
#20
Gayathriy Balamayooran, Hannah M Atkins, Christopher T Whitlow, Samuel T Aycock, Michael A Nader, J Mark Cline, David L Caudell
Labyrinthitis is inflammation of the membranous and bony labyrinth of the inner ear. Typical portals of entry includehematogenous spread from the cochlear vasculature, passage of otitis media pathogens through the round window, and mostcommonly, meningogenic spread from the subarachnoid space. The sequela of chronic inner ear inflammation is labyrinthitisossificans, in which inner ear structures are replaced by fibrous and osseous tissues. Labyrinthitis in humans has been reportedconcurrently with infection due to various viruses (for example, varicella-zoster, measles, mumps) and bacteria (for example,Treponema pallidum, Streptococcus pneumoniae) and may be associated with vertebrobasilar ischemia and meningitis...
April 12, 2018: Comparative Medicine
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