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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930847/guillain-barr%C3%A3-like-axonal-polyneuropathy-associated-with-toscana-virus-infection-a-case-report
#1
Eugenia Rota, Nicola Morelli, Paolo Immovilli, Paola De Mitri, Donata Guidetti
RATIONALE: Numerous cases of post-infectious Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) have been reported in the literature. Toscana virus (TOSV) is an arthropod-borne emerging pathogen in the Mediterranean area. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 40-year-old male patient was admitted to hospital for acute facial weakness, associated to numbness paraesthesias at lower and upper limbs. The neurological examination revealed facial diplegia and reduced tendon reflexes. The nerve conduction studies documented an acute motor and sensory axonal neuropathy (AMSAN); the lumbar puncture detected albuminocytologic dissociation...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928593/a-complication-after-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-anesthesia-mumps
#2
Ezgi Erkiliç, Elvin Kesimci, Aysun Yüngül, Ferit Alaybeyoğlu, Mustafa Aksoy
Some surgical procedures performed under moderate and sometimes extreme positions expose patients to nonphysiological changes. Especially, the manipulations of a patient in prone and lateral decubitus position might increase complications. Anesthesia mumps has been reported as one of these complications. It has been found to be rare but known entity associated with patients of all age groups and all surgical positions. We herein describe an early noticed acute case of unilateral anesthesia mumps that developed after endotracheal intubation in prone position in a 54-year-old female...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928442/genome-wide-association-and-hla-region-fine-mapping-studies-identify-susceptibility-loci-for-multiple-common-infections
#3
Chao Tian, Bethann S Hromatka, Amy K Kiefer, Nicholas Eriksson, Suzanne M Noble, Joyce Y Tung, David A Hinds
Infectious diseases have a profound impact on our health and many studies suggest that host genetics play a major role in the pathogenesis of most of them. We perform 23 genome-wide association studies for common infections and infection-associated procedures, including chickenpox, shingles, cold sores, mononucleosis, mumps, hepatitis B, plantar warts, positive tuberculosis test results, strep throat, scarlet fever, pneumonia, bacterial meningitis, yeast infections, urinary tract infections, tonsillectomy, childhood ear infections, myringotomy, measles, hepatitis A, rheumatic fever, common colds, rubella and chronic sinus infection, in over 200,000 individuals of European ancestry...
September 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925655/pleuritic-chest-pain-sorting-through-the-differential-diagnosis
#4
Brian V Reamy, Pamela M Williams, Michael Ryan Odom
Pleuritic chest pain is characterized by sudden and intense sharp, stabbing, or burning pain in the chest when inhaling and exhaling. Pulmonary embolism is the most common serious cause, found in 5% to 21% of patients who present to an emergency department with pleuritic chest pain. A validated clinical decision rule for pulmonary embolism should be employed to guide the use of additional tests such as d-dimer assays, ventilation-perfusion scans, or computed tomography angiography. Myocardial infarction, pericarditis, aortic dissection, pneumonia, and pneumothorax are other serious causes that should be ruled out using history and physical examination, electrocardiography, troponin assays, and chest radiography before another diagnosis is made...
September 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923422/a-novel-measles-outbreak-control-strategy-in-the-netherlands-in-2013-2014-using-a-national-electronic-immunization-register-a-study-of-early-mmr-uptake-and-its-determinants
#5
Laura M Nic Lochlainn, Tom Woudenberg, Alies van Lier, Irmgard Zonnenberg, Marvin Philippi, Hester E de Melker, Susan J M Hahné
BACKGROUND: During a large measles outbreak in the Netherlands in 2013-2014, infants aged 6-14months living in municipalities with low (<90%) measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) coverage were individually invited for an early MMR using the national electronic immunization register, Præventis. We estimated uptake of early MMR prior to and during the 2013-2014 outbreak and assessed determinants for early MMR vaccination. METHODS: We obtained vaccination records from Præventis, and defined early MMR as vaccination before 415days (13months) of age...
September 15, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914112/socioeconomic-differences-in-childhood-vaccination-in-developed-countries-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-studies
#6
Aurélie Bocquier, Jeremy Ward, Jocelyn Raude, Patrick Peretti-Watel, Pierre Verger
Introduction The reasons for vaccine hesitancy and its relation to individual socioeconomic status (SES) must be better understood. Areas covered This review focused on developed countries with programs addressing major financial barriers to vaccination access. We systematically reviewed differences by SES in uptake of publicly funded childhood vaccines and in cognitive determinants (beliefs, attitudes) of parental decisions about vaccinating their children. Using the PRISMA statement to guide this review, we searched three electronic databases from January 2000 through April 2016...
September 15, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910935/-application-of-state-space-model-in-the-evaluation-of-the-prevention-and-control-for-mumps
#7
C Luo, R Z Li, Q Q Xu, P Xiong, Y X Liu, F Z Xue, Q Xu, X J Li
Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of mumps in 2012 and 2014, and to explore the preventive effect of the second dose of mumps-containing vaccine (MuCV) in mumps in Shandong province. Methods: On the basis of certain model assumptions, a Space State model was formulated. Iterated Filter was applied to the epidemic model to estimate the parameters. Results: The basic reproduction number (R(0)) for children in schools was 4.49 (95%CI: 4.30-4.67) and 2.50 (95%CI: 2.38-2.61) respectively for the year of 2012 and 2014...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903791/an-outbreak-of-mumps-with-genetic-strain-variation-in-a-highly-vaccinated-student-population-in-scotland
#8
L J Willocks, D Guerendiain, H I Austin, K E Morrison, R L Cameron, K E Templeton, V R F DE Lima, R Ewing, W Donovan, K G J Pollock
An outbreak of mumps within a student population in Scotland was investigated to assess the effect of previous vaccination on infection and clinical presentation, and any genotypic variation. Of the 341 cases, 79% were aged 18-24. Vaccination status was available for 278 cases of whom 84% had received at least one dose of mumps containing vaccine and 62% had received two. The complication rate was 5·3% (mainly orchitis), and 1·2% were admitted to hospital. Genetic sequencing of mumps virus isolated from cases across Scotland classified 97% of the samples as genotype G...
September 14, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903515/update-from-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices
#9
Sean T O'Leary, Yvonne A Maldonado, Carrie L Byington
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), a group of medical and public health experts, meets 3 times per year to develop recommendations for vaccine use in the United States. The group has 15 voting members, and each member's term is 4 years. ACIP members and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) staff discuss the epidemiology of vaccine-preventable diseases and vaccine research, effectiveness, safety data, and clinical trial results. Representatives from the American Academy of Pediatrics (C...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893741/prevention-and-assessment-of-infectious-diseases-among-children-and-adult-migrants-arriving-to-the-european-union-european-economic-association-a-protocol-for-a-suite-of-systematic-reviews-for-public-health-and-health-systems
#10
Kevin Pottie, Alain D Mayhew, Rachael L Morton, Christina Greenaway, Elie A Akl, Prinon Rahman, Dominik Zenner, Manish Pareek, Peter Tugwell, Vivian Welch, Joerg Meerpohl, Pablo Alonso-Coello, Charles Hui, Beverley-Ann Biggs, Ana Requena-Méndez, Eric Agbata, Teymur Noori, Holger J Schünemann
INTRODUCTION: The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control is developing evidence-based guidance for voluntary screening, treatment and vaccine prevention of infectious diseases for newly arriving migrants to the European Union/European Economic Area. The objective of this systematic review protocol is to guide the identification, appraisal and synthesis of the best available evidence on prevention and assessment of the following priority infectious diseases: tuberculosis, HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, poliomyelitis (polio), Haemophilus influenza disease, strongyloidiasis and schistosomiasis...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893478/pain-caused-by-measles-mumps-and-rubella-vaccines-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Corinne Willame, Ouzama Henry, Lan Lin, Volker Vetter, Laurence Baril, Nicolas Praet
PURPOSE: The risk of post-vaccination adverse events (AEs) is a primary public health concern. Among the AEs, pain is a significant source of anxiety for both children and their parents. This review describes and assesses the intensity of pain experienced by children post-vaccination with widely used Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) vaccines. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane to identify publications describing immediate pain at injection site (primary objective) or pain within days (secondary objective) after 2 specific MMR vaccines...
September 8, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891485/severe-complications-of-mumps
#12
Jenish Rajma, A C Arun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886180/health-care-utilization-in-general-practice-after-hpv-vaccination-a-danish-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study
#13
Lene Wulff Krogsgaard, Claus Høstrup Vestergaard, Oleguer Plana-Ripoll, Tina Hovgaard Lützen, Mogens Vestergaard, Morten Fenger-Grøn, Bodil Hammer Bech, Dorte Rytter
OBJECTIVE: The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has increasingly been suspected of adverse effects in Denmark since 2013. By using consultations with the general practitioner (GP) as an indicator for morbidity, this study aims to examine the association between HPV vaccination and morbidity in girls in the Danish childhood immunization program. METHODS: The study is a nationwide register-based cohort study. Both the HPV and the Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR) vaccines were offered to 12-year-old girls in Denmark in the study period (2008-2015)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884293/human-parainfluenza-virus-type-2-polymerase-complex-recognizes-leader-promoters-of-other-species-belonging-to-the-genus-rubulavirus
#14
Yusuke Matsumoto, Keisuke Ohta, Machiko Nishio
Leader sequence, located at the 3' terminus of paramyxovirus genomes, determines the degree of viral transcription and replication. The essential nucleotides in the leader sequence that influence viral propagation, however, have not been investigated in detail. In the present study, we show that polymerase complex of human parainfluenza virus type 2 (hPIV2) uses a luciferase-encoding hPIV2 mini-genome possessing the leader sequence from other closely related viruses as a template. Furthermore, we demonstrate that although hPIV2 polymerase complex can recognize the leader sequence of hPIV4B, mumps virus (MuV) and PIV5 as well as Newcastle disease virus (NDV), it cannot recognize measles virus, hPIV1, Sendai virus (SeV) or hPIV3...
September 7, 2017: Medical Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877843/ongoing-mumps-outbreak-in-israel-january-to-august-2017
#15
Viki Indenbaum, Judith M Hübschen, Chen Stein-Zamir, Ella Mendelson, Danit Sofer, Musa Hindiyeh, Emilia Anis, Nitza Abramson, Eric J Haas, Yochi Yosef, Larisa Dukhan, Shepherd Roee Singer
In Israel, 262 mumps cases were registered between 1 January and 28 August 2017 despite a vaccine coverage of ≥ 96%. The majority (56.5%) of cases were adolescents and young adults between 10 and 24 years of age. Nearly twice as many cases were reported in males than in females. Sequence information identified genotype G and suggested specific transmission chains in different religious communities, with the Muslim population in Jerusalem being most severely affected.
August 31, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877026/effectiveness-of-a-third-dose-of-mmr-vaccine-for-mumps-outbreak-control
#16
Cristina V Cardemil, Rebecca M Dahl, Lisa James, Kathleen Wannemuehler, Howard E Gary, Minesh Shah, Mona Marin, Jacob Riley, Daniel R Feikin, Manisha Patel, Patricia Quinlisk
BACKGROUND: The effect of a third dose of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine in stemming a mumps outbreak is unknown. During an outbreak among vaccinated students at the University of Iowa, health officials implemented a widespread MMR vaccine campaign. We evaluated the effectiveness of a third dose for outbreak control and assessed for waning immunity. METHODS: Of 20,496 university students who were enrolled during the 2015-2016 academic year, mumps was diagnosed in 259 students...
September 7, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876460/viral-etiology-of-sporadic-cases-of-parotitis-among-children-in-korea-during-2013-2014
#17
Hae Ji Kang, Sun Hee Kim, Jae Keun Chung, Soon Won Lee, Seung Bong Choi, Hye Eun Eom, Ok Park, Kisoon Kim, Sung Soon Kim
Recent years have seen a high incidence of mumps, which is generally diagnosed based on clinical features, especially parotitis, without laboratory confirmation in Korea. To better understand the epidemiology of mumps in Korean children, we investigated sporadic suspected mumps cases with parotitis. In total, 237 buccal swabs or throat swabs collected from children with parotitis who had been clinically diagnosed with mumps were tested using real-time PCR for the detection of six viruses (Epstein-Barr virus, Human herpesvirus 6, Mumps virus, Human parainfluenza virus-1, -2, -3, Human adenovirus, Human bocavirus)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868306/pseudotumoral-acute-cerebellitis-associated-with-mumps-infection-in-a-child
#18
Houda Ajmi, Mehdi Gaha, Sameh Mabrouk, Saida Hassayoun, Noura Zouari, Jalel Chemli, Saoussen Abroug
Pseudotumoral cerebellitis in childhood is an uncommon presentation of cerebellitis mimicking a brain tumor. It often follows an inflammatory or infectious event, particularly due to varicella virus. Patients could have a wide clinical spectrum on presentation. Some patients may be asymptomatic or present at most with mild cerebellar signs, whereas others may suffer severe forms with brainstem involvement and severe intracranial hypertension mimicking tumor warranting surgical intervention. Imaging techniques especially multimodal magnetic resonance imaging represent an interesting tool to differentiate between posterior fossa tumors and acute cerebellitis...
August 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855159/non-specific-effects-of-measles-mumps-and-rubella-mmr-vaccination-in-high-income-setting-population-based-cohort-study-in-the-netherlands
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Susanne M A J Tielemans, Hester E de Melker, Susan J M Hahné, Anna G C Boef, Fiona R M van der Klis, Elisabeth A M Sanders, Marianne A B van der Sande, Mirjam J Knol
Objectives To investigate whether measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine has positive non-specific effects in a high income setting and to compare rates of hospital admissions for infections between children aged ≤2 years who received live MMR vaccine and those who received an inactivated vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, and Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTaP-IPV-Hib) as their most recent vaccination.Design Nationwide population based cohort study.Setting In the Netherlands, DTaP-IPV-Hib+pneumococcal vaccination (PCV) is recommended at ages 2, 3, 4, and 11 months and MMR + meningococcal C (MenC) vaccination at age 14 months...
August 30, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843408/tackling-mumps-in-a-public-health-setting-loopholes-in-disease-surveillance
#20
K G Gopakumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2017: Public Health
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