keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Varicella

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146515/family-history-of-zoster-risk-of-developing-herpes-zoster
#1
Hung Fu Tseng, Margaret Chi, Peggy Hung, Rafael Harpaz, D Scott Schmid, Philip LaRussa, Lina S Sy, Yi Luo, Kimberly Holmquist, Harpreet Takhar, Steven J Jacobsen
BACKGROUND: Studies have investigated a possible association between family history of HZ and the occurrence of HZ. However, the results were inconclusive and susceptible to bias. We evaluated this association in an elderly population. METHODS: The matched case-control study conducted at Kaiser Permanente Southern California in 2012-2015 included 656 incident HZ patients ≥60 whose skin lesion tested positive for varicella zoster virus by polymerase chain reaction...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141790/cerebral-toxoplasmosis-in-an-ms-patient-receiving-fingolimod
#2
Alejandro Enriquez-Marulanda, Jaime Valderrama-Chaparro, Laura Parrado, Juan Diego Vélez, Ana Maria Granados, Jorge Luis Orozco, Jairo Quiñones
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease in which lymphocytes target putative myelin antigens in the CNS, causing inflammation and neurodegeneration. Fingolimod (FTY720) is an immunosuppressive drug used as a second line therapy for relapsing forms of MS due to its safety profile and good response to treatment. Despite its safety, there are still concerns about the possibility of Fingolimod being linked to the development of opportunistic infections like disseminated varicella zoster infections and herpes simplex encephalitis...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137604/varicella-zoster-virus-associated-morbidity-and-mortality-in-africa-a-systematic-review
#3
Hannah Hussey, Leila Abdullahi, Jamie Collins, Rudzani Muloiwa, Gregory Hussey, Benjamin Kagina
BACKGROUND: Varicella zoster virus (VZV) causes varicella and herpes zoster. These vaccine preventable diseases are common globally. Most available data on VZV epidemiology are from industrialised temperate countries and cannot be used to guide decisions on the immunization policy against VZV in Africa. This systematic review aims to review the published data on VZV morbidity and mortality in Africa. METHODS: All published studies conducted in Africa from 1974 to 2015 were eligible...
November 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134426/pharmacokinetics-and-safety-of-amenamevir-in-healthy-subjects-analysis-of-four-randomized-phase-1-studies
#4
Tomohiro Kusawake, James J Keirns, Donna Kowalski, Martin den Adel, Dorien Groenendaal-van de Meent, Akitsugu Takada, Yoshiaki Ohtsu, Masataka Katashima
INTRODUCTION: Amenamevir (ASP2151) is a nonnucleoside antiherpesvirus compound available for the treatment of varicella-zoster virus infections. In this article we summarize the findings of four phase 1 studies in healthy participants. METHODS: Four randomized phase 1 studies investigated the safety and pharmacokinetics of single and multiple doses of amenamevir, including the assessment of age group effect (nonelderly vs elderly), food effect, and the relative bioavailability of two formulations...
November 13, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126292/safety-and-immunogenicity-of-inactivated-varicella-zoster-virus-vaccine-in-adults-with-autoimmune-disease-a-phase-2-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Michael Eberhardson, Stephen Hall, Kim A Papp, Tina M Sterling, Jon E Stek, Lei Pang, Yanli Zhao, Janie Parrino, Zoran Popmihajlov
Background: Immunogenicity and safety of inactivated zoster vaccine (ZVIN) were evaluated in adults with autoimmune disease. Methods: Adults with autoimmune disease treated with immunosuppressive therapy (biologic or nonbiologic) were randomized to receive 4 doses of ZVIN, ZVIN containing a higher quantity of antigen, or placebo. To measure varicella-zoster virus (VZV)-specific immune responses using glycoprotein enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (gpELISA) and interferon-gamma enzyme-linked immunospot (IFN-γ ELISPOT), blood samples were collected at baseline, post-doses 2, 3, and 4...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125105/sequence-analysis-and-comparison-of-the-key-genes-of-domestic-live-attenuated-varicella-vaccine
#6
Ya-Ru Quan, Zhen Chen, Ping Qiu, Xiao-Yu Cui, Chang-Gui Li, Li-Yong Yuan
Objective To analyze the safety and consistency of domestic live attenuated varicella vaccines (LAVVs) at gene level.Methods The key genes (ORF38,ORF54,and ORF62) of LAVVs produced by four Chinese manufacturers were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequenced.The sequencing results were compared with the sequences of Dumas,P-Oka,and V-Oka strains in GenBank and with the sequences of Varilrix (GSK) and Varivax (Merck).Results The ORF38 and ORF54 gene sequences of four domestic LAVVs were the same as each other and completely consistent with the sequences of V-Oka and Varilrix;however,it was different from Varivax (Merck) at one site...
October 30, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124011/varicella-zoster-virus-myeloencephalitis
#7
Takahiro Matsuo, Nobuyoshi Mori, Aki Sakurai, Keiichi Furukawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121154/diagnostic-value-of-serum-soluble-interleukin-2-receptor-levels-vs-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-in-patients-with-sarcoidosis-associated-uveitis
#8
Fahriye Groen-Hakan, Laura Eurelings, Josianne C Ten Berge, Jan van Laar, Christian R B Ramakers, Willem A Dik, Aniki Rothova
Importance: New and improved diagnostic tests for sarcoidosis-associated uveitis are needed because the currently available laboratory diagnostic biomarkers (eg, lysozyme and angiotensin-converting enzyme [ACE]) are lacking in high sensitivity and specificity. Objective: To compare the value of soluble interleukin 2 receptor (sIL-2R) with ACE as diagnostic biomarkers of sarcoidosis in patients with uveitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted using data collected from 249 consecutive patients with uveitis at the Erasmus University Medical Center uveitis outpatient clinic, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, from April 3, 2013, through November 25, 2015...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118757/decreased-immunity-to-varicella-zoster-virus-in-giant-cell-arteritis
#9
Christien Rondaan, Kornelis S M van der Geest, Elisabeth Eelsing, Annemieke M H Boots, Nicolaas A Bos, Johanna Westra, Elisabeth Brouwer
Introduction: Herpes zoster, which can have a major impact on quality of life, results from reactivation of a latent varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection. We hypothesized that giant cell arteritis (GCA) patients are at increased risk of herpes zoster because of treatment with high-dose glucocorticoids and advanced age. Aim of the study, therefore, was to determine cell-mediated and humoral immunity to VZV in patients with GCA, patients with closely related disease polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR; treated with lower doses of glucocorticoids) and healthy controls (HCs)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117661/a-rare-case-of-infectious-multifocal-serpiginoid-choroiditis
#10
Miloš Mitrašević, Svetlana Jovanović, Filip Radotić, Snežana Pešić, Zorica Jovanović
Multifocal serpiginoid choroiditis is an infectious variety of serpiginous choroiditis. The disease is characterized by infectious etiology and overlapping clinical features in an intermediary form of acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy and serpiginous choroiditis. In a 33-year-old patient, bilateral multiple placoid partially confluent chorioretinal lesions were diagnosed after a febrile flu-like episode. On the right eye, there was a progressive decrease in visual acuity. Later, the lesions had a prolonged progressive devastating clinical course and widespread distribution of placoid lesions, and took the form of serpiginoid choroiditis...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116592/varicella-zoster-virus-orf7-interacts-with-orf53-and-plays-a-role-in-its-trans-golgi-network-localization
#11
Wei Wang, Wenkun Fu, Dequan Pan, Linli Cai, Jianghui Ye, Jian Liu, Che Liu, Yuqiong Que, Ningshao Xia, Hua Zhu, Tong Cheng
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is a neurotropic alphaherpesvirus that causes chickenpox and shingles. ORF7 is an important virulence determinant of VZV in both human skin and nerve tissues, however, its specific function and involved molecular mechanism in VZV pathogenesis remain largely elusive. Previous yeast two-hybrid studies on intraviral protein-protein interaction network in herpesviruses have revealed that VZV ORF7 may interact with ORF53, which is a virtually unstudied but essential viral protein. The aim of this study is to identify and characterize VZV ORF53, and to investigate its relationship with ORF7...
October 2017: Virologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115621/effects-of-shield1-on-the-viral-replication-of-varicella%C3%A2-zoster-virus-containing-fkbp%C3%A2-tagged-orf4-and-48
#12
Shuying Li, Zhanjun Liu, Ji Li, Aihua Liu, Lihua Zhu, Kui Yu, Ke Zhang
The present study aimed to explore the effects of a stabilizing ligand, Shield‑1, on the replication of recombinant varicella‑zoster virus (VZV) containing FK506 binding protein (FKPB) tags in essential open reading frames (ORF) 4 and 48. A specific galactokinase (galK) selection method was conducted, following the addition of galK labels to VZV ORF4 and 48, using a SW102 VZV bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) system. Subsequently, recombinant VZV containing FKPB tags in ORF4 and 48 was constructed by counterselection and homologous recombination...
November 6, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108114/reply-to-bigler-et%C3%A2-al-ar-17-1461
#13
Bryant R England, Ted R Mikuls, Jeffrey R Curtis
We thank Dr. Bigler and his colleagues for their interest in our article and sharing the results from their laboratory. The authors proposed evaluating a biologic mechanism linking Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) to giant cell arteritis (GCA) through assessment of cross-reactive VZV-specific T cell immunity, hypothesizing that VZV reactive T-cells would be increased in GCA patients relative to controls. However, their in vitro results from a small sample of GCA and control (inflammatory and non-inflammatory) patients designed to test this hypothesis through the quantification of VZV specific T-cells and T-cell reactivity (in response to stimulation with a protein extract from an aortic specimen of a single GCA patient) found no significant differences between cases and controls...
November 6, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107654/effectiveness-of-varicella-vaccine-as-post-exposure-prophylaxis-during-a-varicella-outbreak-in-shanghai-china
#14
Qiang-Song Wu, Jing-Yi Liu, Xian Wang, Yuan-Fang Chen, Qi Zhou, An-Qi Wu, Lan Wang
OBJECTIVES: Varicella vaccine (VarV) is recommended as an effective post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) within 3-5days to control outbreaks. However, effectiveness of PEP >5days after exposure and administration of a second dose to one-dose recipients after exposure have not been fully examined. Here, we assessed vaccine effectiveness (VE) of PEP in preventing disease during a varicella outbreak in Shanghai, China in 2013. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were used to obtain students' varicella history, vaccination status and willingness to receive PEP...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098417/low-intrathecal-antibody-production-despite-high-seroprevalence-of-epstein-barr-virus-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Klemens Ruprecht, Brigitte Wildemann, Sven Jarius
BACKGROUND: Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) frequently have an intrathecal production of antibodies to different common viruses, which can be detected by elevated antiviral antibody indices (AIs). There is a strong and consistent association of MS and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. OBJECTIVE: To systematically compare the frequencies of intrathecal antibody production to EBV, measles virus, rubella virus, varicella zoster virus (VZV) and herpes simplex virus (HSV) in patients with MS...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095807/vaccination-coverage-among-children-aged-19-35-months-united-states-2016
#16
Holly A Hill, Laurie D Elam-Evans, David Yankey, James A Singleton, Yoonjae Kang
Vaccination is the most effective intervention to reduce morbidity and mortality from vaccine-preventable diseases in young children (1). Data from the 2016 National Immunization Survey-Child (NIS-Child) were used to assess coverage with recommended vaccines (2) among children aged 19-35 months in the United States. Coverage remained ≥90% for ≥3 doses of poliovirus vaccine (91.9%), ≥1 dose of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR) (91.1%), ≥1 dose of varicella vaccine (90.6%), and ≥3 doses of hepatitis B vaccine (HepB) (90...
November 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089872/role-for-the-ventral-posterior-medial-posterior-lateral-thalamus-and-anterior-cingulate-cortex-in-affective-motivation-pain-induced-by-varicella-zoster-virus
#17
Phillip R Kramer, Jennifer Strand, Crystal Stinson, Larry L Bellinger, Paul R Kinchington, Michael B Yee, Mikhail Umorin, Yuan B Peng
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) infects the face and can result in chronic, debilitating pain. The mechanism for this pain is unknown and current treatment is often not effective, thus investigations into the pain pathway become vital. Pain itself is multidimensional, consisting of sensory and affective experiences. One of the primary brain substrates for transmitting sensory signals in the face is the ventral posterior medial/posterior lateral thalamus (VPM/VPL). In addition, the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has been shown to be vital in the affective experience of pain, so investigating both of these areas in freely behaving animals was completed to address the role of the brain in VZV-induced pain...
2017: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089033/widespread-activation-of-antisense-transcription-of-the-host-genome-during-herpes-simplex-virus-1-infection
#18
Emanuel Wyler, Jennifer Menegatti, Vedran Franke, Christine Kocks, Anastasiya Boltengagen, Thomas Hennig, Kathrin Theil, Andrzej Rutkowski, Carmelo Ferrai, Laura Baer, Lisa Kermas, Caroline Friedel, Nikolaus Rajewsky, Altuna Akalin, Lars Dölken, Friedrich Grässer, Markus Landthaler
BACKGROUND: Herpesviruses can infect a wide range of animal species. Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) is one of the eight herpesviruses that can infect humans and is prevalent worldwide. Herpesviruses have evolved multiple ways to adapt the infected cells to their needs, but knowledge about these transcriptional and post-transcriptional modifications is sparse. RESULTS: Here, we show that HSV-1 induces the expression of about 1000 antisense transcripts from the human host cell genome...
October 31, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081071/herpes-zoster-meningitis-in-immunocompetent-children-two-case-reports-and-a-literature-review
#19
Naohiro Itoh, Kouji Motokura, Akira Kumakura, Daisuke Hata, Atsuko Hata
We encountered two cases of Herpes zoster (HZ) meningitis, a rarely occurring complication of HZ, in previously healthy children. One patient treated with i.v. acyclovir (ACV, 31 mg/kg/day) did not recover. His symptoms were relieved somewhat by increased ACV dosage, but it caused transient renal dysfunction. Another patient treated with i.v. ACV (30 mg/kg/day) recovered. Treatment for HZ meningitis in immunocompetent children has not been established. In a literature review, 80% of 20 patients were treated with the usual dose of ACV 15-30 mg/kg/day...
October 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080318/koebner-s-sheep-in-wolf-s-clothing-does-the-isotopic-response-exist-as-a-distinct-phenomenon
#20
REVIEW
Rudolf Happle, Nicolas Kluger
Until 1995, a case of psoriasis developing within the dermatome of a healed herpes zoster was taken as a Koebner phenomenon. In this year, however, the term "isotopic response" was introduced by Wolf et al. to describe "the occurrence of a new skin disorder at the site of another, unrelated and already healed skin disease", thus appearing "on apparently unaffected and healthy skin." Initially, the term was mainly related to herpes zoster, but today the name "Wolf's isotopic response" is used to include a plethora of other triggering factors such as healed cutaneous leishmaniasis, tinea, or varicella...
October 28, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
keyword
keyword
61986
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"