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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742974/chiropractic-curriculum-mapping-and-congruence-of-the-evidence-for-workplace-interventions-in-work-related-neck-pain
#1
Martin Frutiger, Peter Jeffery Tuchin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to provide a best-synthesis summary of the literature for effective workplace health promotion interventions (WHPI) for work-related mechanical neck pain (MNP) and to determine the congruence between knowledge of WHPI for work-related MNP and coverage of MNP in the chiropractic postgraduate program at Macquarie University. METHODS: A literature review was undertaken to determine effective WHPI for work-related MNP. We searched Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PEDro (from 1991 to 2016) for systematic reviews and meta-analyses...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742946/the-association-between-obesity-and-academic-performance-in-youth-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
C C A Santana, J O Hill, L B Azevedo, T Gunnarsdottir, W L Prado
Previous studies have found that obesity could influence academic performance. The aim of this study was to systematically review the scientific evidence on the association between obesity and academic performance in school children. A systematic review of English articles was undertaken by using databases PubMed/Medline, ERIC, LILACS, SciELO and Web of Science. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies examining the association between obesity and academic performance in children and adolescents, published between January 1990 and December 2016, were included...
July 25, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742603/strengths-limitations-and-geographical-discrepancies-in-the-eligibility-criteria-for-sport-participation-in-young-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#3
Massimiliano Cantinotti, Raffaele Giordano, Nadia Assanta, Bruno Murzi, Manuel Melo, Eliana Franchi, Maura Crocetti, Giorgio Iervasi, Shelby Kutty
OBJECTIVE: Benefits of physical activity has been shown in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). In several forms of CHD, the risk of sudden death remains a major concern both for parents and clinicians, who in turn will have to consider the risk-benefit ratio of sport participation versus restriction. DATA SOURCE: A literature search was performed within the National Library of Medicine using the keywords: Sport, CHD, and Eligibility. The search was further refined by adding the keywords: Children, Adult, and Criteria...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742517/type-1-rhizomelic-chondrodysplasia-punctata-with-a-homozygous-pex7-mutation
#4
Nursel Muratoğlu Şahin, Meliha Esra Bilici, Erdal Kurnaz, Melek Pala Akdoğan, Serdar Ceylaner, Zehra Aycan
INTRODUCTION: Rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata (RCDP) is a rare peroxisomal disease characterised by punctate calcifications of non-ossified cartilage epiphyseal centres. The main biochemical marker of all RCDP types is a decrease in the levels of plasmalogens. Additionally, the accumulation of phytanic acid can be used as a differential marker between types of RDCP. Due to the biochemical overlap between types 1 and 5 RCDP, a genetic analysis of these genes should be performed in patients to identify the type...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742479/understanding-and-combating-resistance-to-online-learning
#5
John Vivolo
Resistance to change is an easy thing for human beings to understand. It is at the heart of our desire to find comfort with the familiar such as family, friends and our homes. We create homes that are designed a certain way and usually are slow to change. We make friends for years and keep those memories etched in stone, even though time and age create a romanticised version of the past. Change scares us so much that we reflect on our past, the old days, with such reverence that we paint over the ugly parts...
December 1, 2016: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742429/relationship-between-housework-and-perceived-happiness-of-middle-aged-and-older-women-in-taiwan-the-moderating-effect-of-health-condition
#6
Ching-Fen Lee, Shain-May Tang
In this study, we investigated how physical health moderates the effect of housework on the perceived well-being in a sample of middle-aged and older women living with a partner in Taiwan. Two main findings are identified: First, the health status of middle-aged and older women moderates the relationship between their sense of housework fairness and perceived happiness. Second, the health status of their spouse moderates the relationship between their housework performance and perceived happiness.
July 25, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742426/educating-students-for-a-lifetime-of-physical-activity-enhancing-mindfulness-motivation-and-meaning
#7
Catherine D Ennis
For many years, pedagogical scholars and physical education (PE) teachers have worked to enhance effective teaching and learning environments. Yet for some children, youth, and young adults, many of the benefits associated with a physically active lifestyle remain elusive. Enhancing programming and performance to meet physical activity goals may require moving programs beyond "effective." It will require teachers and program leaders to focus programmatic attention on strategies to actually increase students' out-of-class physical activity behavior...
July 25, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742341/synthesis-strategies-to-extend-the-variety-of-alginate-based-hybrid-hydrogels-for-cell-microencapsulation
#8
Solène Passemard, Luca Szabó, François Noverraz, Elisa Montanari, Carmen Gonelle-Gispert, Léo Bühler, Christine Wandrey, Sandrine Gerber-Lemaire
The production of hydrogel microspheres (MS) for cell immobilization, maintaining the favorable properties of alginate gels but presenting enhanced performance in terms of in vivo durability and physical properties, is desirable to extend the therapeutic potential of cell transplantation. A novel type of hydrogel MS was produced by straightforward functionalization of sodium alginate (Na-alg) with heterotelechelic poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) derivatives equipped with either end thiol or 1,2-dithiolane moieties...
July 25, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742308/nonaccidental-injury-in-pediatric-patients-detection-evaluation-and-treatment-digest
#9
Gunjan Tiyyagura, Meghan Beucher, Kirsten Bechtel, Kathryn H Pade
Emergency clinicians are likely to encounter physical abuse in children, and they must be prepared to recognize its many manifestations and take swift action. Pediatric nonaccidental injury causes considerable morbidity and mortality that can often be prevented by early recognition. Nonaccidental injuries present with a wide array of symptoms that may appear to be medically inconsequential (such as bruising in a premobile infant), but are actually sentinel injuries indicative of child abuse. This issue provides guidance regarding factors that contribute to abuse in children, key findings on history and physical examination that should trigger an evaluation for physical abuse, and laboratory and radiologic tests to perform when child abuse is suspected...
July 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742242/multidisciplinary-team-treatment-approaches-to-chronic-daily-headaches
#10
Soma Sahai-Srivastava, Erica Sigman, Ashley Uyeshiro Simon, Lyssa Cleary, Lori Ginoza
OBJECTIVE: In this review, we focus on nonmedication treatment approaches to chronic daily headaches and chronic migraine. We review the current scientific data on studies using multimodal treatments, especially physical therapy and occupational therapy, and provide recommendations on the formation of interdisciplinary headache teams. BACKGROUND: Chronic daily headache, which includes chronic migraine, is a particularly challenging clinical entity which often involves multiple headache types and comorbidities...
July 25, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741974/sarcopenia-and-physical-function-are-associated-with-inflammation-and-arteriosclerosis-in-community-dwelling-people-the-yakumo-study
#11
Tetsuro Hida, Shiro Imagama, Kei Ando, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Akio Muramoto, Kenyu Ito, Yoshimoto Ishikawa, Mikito Tsushima, Yoshihiro Nishida, Naoki Ishiguro, Yukiharu Hasegawa
OBJECTIVES: Sarcopenia reduces physical function, while chronic inflammation causes arteriosclerosis and decreases skeletal muscle. We conducted a cross-sectional study to elucidate the associations among sarcopenia, physical function, arteriosclerosis, and inflammation in community-dwelling people. METHODS: We recruited 335 participants in an annual health checkup. We diagnosed sarcopenia based on appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (aSMI) assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis...
July 25, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741870/impact-of-functional-training-on-geometric-indices-and-fractal-correlation-property-of-heart-rate-variability-in-postmenopausal-women
#12
Marianne P da C de Rezende Barbosa, Luiz C M Vanderlei, Lucas M Neves, Carolina Takahashi, Paula R Dos S Torquato, Ana Claúdia de S Fortaleza, Ismael F Freitas Júnior, Isabel C E Sorpreso, Luiz C Abreu, Andrés R Pérez Riera
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the influence of functional training on the geometric indices of heart rate variability (HRV) and fractal correlation properties of the dynamics of heart rate in menopausal women. METHODS: Of 39 women who were in the period of menopause for more than a year and who did not practice any regular physical activity were divided into: Functional training group (FTG = 50 ± 4.5 years; 67.64 ± 11.64 kg; 1.5 ± 0.05 m) that executed the functional training (FT) and all proposals by reviews and the Control group (58...
July 25, 2017: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741748/porous-organic-polymers-for-post-combustion-carbon-capture
#13
REVIEW
Lanfang Zou, Yujia Sun, Sai Che, Xinyu Yang, Xuan Wang, Matheiu Bosch, Qi Wang, Hao Li, Mallory Smith, Shuai Yuan, Zachary Perry, Hong-Cai Zhou
One of the most pressing environmental concerns of our age is the escalating level of atmospheric CO2 . Intensive efforts have been made to investigate advanced porous materials, especially porous organic polymers (POPs), as one type of the most promising candidates for carbon capture due to their extremely high porosity, structural diversity, and physicochemical stability. This review provides a critical and in-depth analysis of recent POP research as it pertains to carbon capture. The definitions and terminologies commonly used to evaluate the performance of POPs for carbon capture, including CO2 capacity, enthalpy, selectivity, and regeneration strategies, are summarized...
July 25, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741437/traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-community-based-cohort-of-homeless-and-vulnerably-housed-individuals
#14
Toby Schmitt, Allen Thornton, Iris Rawtaer, Alasdair Barr, Kristina Gicas, Donna Lang, Talia Vertinsky, Alexander Rauscher, Ric Procyshyn, Tari Buchanan, Alex Cheng, Sarah Mackay, Olga Leonova, Verena Langheimer, Thalia Field, Manraj K S Heran, Fidel Vila-Rodriguez, Tiffany-Anne O'Connor, William MacEwan, William Honer, William Panenka
We characterized traumatic brain injury (TBI) and studied its associations with mental and physical health in a community cohort of homeless and vulnerably-housed individuals. METHODS: Detailed mental and physical health structured interviews, neuropsychological testing, and multimodal MRI were performed on 283 participants. Two traumatic brain injury (TBI) participant groups were defined for primary analyses: those with a self-reported history of TBI and those with MRI evidence of TBI...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741186/effects-of-caffeine-supplementation-on-performance-in-ball-games
#15
REVIEW
Jingyi Shannon Chia, Laura Ann Barrett, Jia Yi Chow, Stephen Francis Burns
Although a large body of evidence exists documenting the ergogenic properties of caffeine, most studies have focused on endurance performance. However, findings from endurance sports cannot be generalized to performance in ball games where, apart from having a high level of endurance, successful athletic performances require a combination of physiological, technical and cognitive capabilities. The purpose of this review was to critically evaluate studies that have examined the effect of a single dose of caffeine in isolation on one or more of the following performance measures: total distance, sprint performance, agility, vertical jump performance and accuracy in ball games...
July 24, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740347/chronic-hepatitis-b-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-and-physical-fitness-of-military-males-chief-study
#16
Yu-Jung Chen, Kai-Wen Chen, Yu-Leung Shih, Fang-Ying Su, Yen-Po Lin, Fan-Chun Meng, Felicia Lin, Yun-Shun Yu, Chih-Lu Han, Chih-Hung Wang, Jia-Wei Lin, Tsai-Yuan Hsieh, Yi-Hwei Li, Gen-Min Lin
AIM: To investigate the association of chronic hepatitis B and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis with physical fitness in a Taiwanese military male cohort. METHODS: We made a cross-sectional examination of this association using 3669 young adult military males according to cardiorespiratory fitness and hospitalization events recorded in the Taiwan Armed Forces study. Cases of chronic hepatitis B (n = 121) were defined by personal history and positive detection of hepatitis B surface antigen...
July 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739542/a-cluster-randomized-control-trial-to-assess-the-impact-of-active-learning-on-child-activity-attention-control-and-academic-outcomes-the-texas-i-can-trial
#17
John B Bartholomew, Esbelle M Jowers, Vanessa L Errisuriz, Sharon Vaughn, Gregory Roberts
BACKGROUND: Active learning is designed to pair physical activity with the teaching of academic content. This has been shown to be a successful strategy to increase physical activity and improve academic performance. The existing designs have confounded academic lessons with physical activity. As a result, it is impossible to determine if the subsequent improvement in academic performance is due to: (1) physical activity, (2) the academic content of the active learning, or (3) the combination of academic material taught through physical activity...
July 21, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739341/atomic-force-microscope-as-a-nano-and-micrometer-scale-biological-manipulator-a-short-review
#18
REVIEW
Atsushi Ikai, Rehana Afrin, Masakazu Saito, Takahiro Watanabe-Nakayama
The amazing capacity of atomic force microscope to let us touch the molecular and cellular level samples with a sharp probe stimulated its application to bio-medical field among others. In addition to topographical imaging of the sample surface, a direct mechanical manipulation has attracted innovative minds to develop new methodologies aiming at direct handling of proteins, DNA/RNA, and cells. Measurement of their mechanical properties brought about a vivid picture of their physical nature. Direct handling of individual molecules and cells prompted development of nano-medical applications...
July 21, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739249/intraperitoneal-pressure-in-peritoneal-dialysis
#19
Vicente Pérez Díaz, Sandra Sanz Ballesteros, Esther Hernández García, Elena Descalzo Casado, Irene Herguedas Callejo, Cristina Ferrer Perales
The measure of intraperitoneal pressure in peritoneal dialysis is easy and provides clear therapeutic benefits. However it is measured only rarely in adult peritoneal dialysis units. This review aims to disseminate the usefulness of measuring intraperitoneal pressure. This measurement is performed in supine before initiating the drain of a manual exchange with "Y" system, by raising the drain bag and measuring from the mid-axillary line the height of the liquid column that rises from the patient. With typical values of 10-16 cmH2O, intraperitoneal pressure should never exceed 18 cmH2O...
July 21, 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738790/validity-and-reliability-of-an-adapted-arabic-version-of-the-long-international-physical-activity-questionnaire
#20
Khalil Helou, Nour El Helou, Maya Mahfouz, Yara Mahfouz, Pascale Salameh, Mireille Harmouche-Karaki
BACKGROUND: The International Physical Actvity Questionnaire (IPAQ) is a validated tool for physical activity assessment used in many countries however no Arabic version of the long-form of this questionnaire exists to this date. Hence, the aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt and validate an Arabic version of the long International Physical Activity Questionnaire (AIPAQ) equivalent to the French version (F-IPAQ) in a Lebanese population. METHODS: The guidelines for cross-cultural adaptation provided by the World Health Organization and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire committee were followed...
July 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
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