keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Physical performance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346524/-effects-of-a-primary-care-based-multifactorial-intervention-on-physical-and-cognitive-function-in-frail-elderly-individuals-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Laura Romera-Liebana, Francesc Orfila, Josep Maria Segura, Jordi Real, Maria Lluïsa Fabra, Mercedes Möller, Santiago Lancho, Anna Ramirez, Nuria Marti, Montserrat Cullell, Nuria Bastida, Dolors Martinez, Maria Giné, Patricia Cendrós, Anna Bistuer, Elena Perez, Maria Assumpta Fabregat, Gonçal Foz
Background: Detecting and managing frailty at early stages can prevent disability and other adverse outcomes. The study aim was to evaluate whether a multifactorial intervention program could modify physical and cognitive frailty parameters in elderly individuals. Methods: We conducted a multicenter, randomized, single-blind, parallel-group trial in community-living pre-frail/frail elderly individuals in Barcelona. A total of 352 patients, aged ≥65 years old with positive frailty screening, was randomized into two groups to receive a 12-week multidisciplinary intervention or usual care, with concealed allocation...
January 16, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346467/modification-of-the-associations-between-duration-of-oral-contraceptive-use-and-ovarian-endometrial-breast-and-colorectal-cancers
#2
Kara A Michels, Ruth M Pfeiffer, Louise A Brinton, Britton Trabert
Importance: Although oral contraceptive (OC) use is common, the influence of OC use on carcinogenesis is not fully understood. A recent Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality report identified a need to understand the consistency of OC use and cancer associations across subpopulations, including smokers and obese women. Objective: To determine whether associations between duration of OC use and risk of specific cancers were modified by lifestyle characteristics...
January 18, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346391/development-and-validation-of-a-population-based-risk-algorithm-for-obesity-the-obesity-population-risk-tool-oport
#3
Michael Lebenbaum, Osvaldo Espin-Garcia, Yi Li, Laura C Rosella
BACKGROUND: Given the dramatic rise in the prevalence of obesity, greater focus on prevention is necessary. We sought to develop and validate a population risk tool for obesity to inform prevention efforts. METHODS: We developed the Obesity Population Risk Tool (OPoRT) using the longitudinal National Population Health Survey and sex-specific Generalized Estimating Equations to predict the 10-year risk of obesity among adults 18 and older. The model was validated using a bootstrap approach accounting for the survey design...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346332/owners-and-veterinary-surgeons-in-the-united-kingdom-disagree-about-what-should-happen-during-a-small-animal-vaccination-consultation
#4
Zoe Belshaw, Natalie J Robinson, Rachel S Dean, Marnie L Brennan
Dog and cat vaccination consultations are a common part of small animal practice in the United Kingdom. Few data are available describing what happens during those consultations or what participants think about their content. The aim of this novel study was to investigate the attitudes of dog and cat owners and veterinary surgeons towards the content of small animal vaccination consultations. Telephone interviews with veterinary surgeons and pet owners captured rich qualitative data. Thematic analysis was performed to identify key themes...
January 18, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346299/meteo-and-hydrodynamic-measurements-to-detect-physical-processes-in-confined-shallow-seas
#5
Francesca De Serio, Michele Mossa
Coastal sites with typical lagoon features are extremely vulnerable, often suffering from scarce circulation. Especially in the case of shallow basins subjected to strong anthropization and urban discharges, it is fundamental to monitor their hydrodynamics and water quality. The proper detection of events by high performance sensors and appropriate analysis of sensor signals has proved to be a necessary tool for local authorities and stakeholders, leading to early warning and preventive measures against environmental degradation and related hazards...
January 18, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346297/the-dynamic-performance-of-flexural-ultrasonic-transducers
#6
Andrew Feeney, Lei Kang, George Rowlands, Steve Dixon
Flexural ultrasonic transducers are principally used as proximity sensors and for industrial metrology. Their operation relies on a piezoelectric ceramic to generate a flexing of a metallic membrane, which delivers the ultrasound signal. The performance of flexural ultrasonic transducers has been largely limited to excitation through a short voltage burst signal at a designated mechanical resonance frequency. However, a steady-state amplitude response is not generated instantaneously in a flexural ultrasonic transducer from a drive excitation signal, and differences in the drive characteristics between transmitting and receiving transducers can affect the measured response...
January 18, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346256/causes-preventability-and-cost-of-unplanned-rehospitalizations-within-30-days-of-discharge-following-lung-transplantation
#7
Andrew M Courtwright, Derek Zaleski, Lisa Gardo, Vivek N Ahya, Jason D Christie, Maria Crespo, Denis Hadjiliadis, James Lee, Maria Molina, Namrata Patel, Mary Porteous, Edward E Cantu, Christian Bermudez, Joshua M Diamond
BACKGROUND: Unplanned rehospitalizations (UR) within 30 days of discharge are common following lung transplantation. It is unknown whether UR represent preventable gaps in care or necessary interventions for complex patients. The objective of this study was to assess the incidence, causes, risk factors, and preventability of UR following initial discharge after lung transplantation. METHODS: This was a single-center prospective cohort study. Subjects completed a modified Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) to assess frailty at listing and at initial hospital discharge after transplantation and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) at discharge...
January 18, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346175/long-term-impacts-faced-by-patients-and-families-after-harmful-healthcare-events
#8
Madelene J Ottosen, Emily W Sedlock, Aitebureme O Aigbe, Sigall K Bell, Thomas H Gallagher, Eric J Thomas
BACKGROUND: Patients and families report experiencing a multitude of harms from medical errors resulting in physical, emotional, and financial hardships. Little is known about the duration and nature of these harms and the type of support needed to promote patient and family healing after such events. We sought to describe the long-term impacts (LTIs) reported by patients and family members who experienced harmful medical events 5 or more years ago. METHODS: We performed a content analysis on 32 interviews originally conducted with 72 patients or family members about their views of the factors contributing to their self-reported harmful event...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346173/the-subresolution-datscan-phantom-a-cost-effective-flexible-alternative-to-traditional-phantom-technology
#9
Jonathan C Taylor, Nicholas Vennart, Ian Negus, Robin Holmes, Oliver Bandmann, Christine Lo, John Fenner
The Alderson striatal phantom is frequently used to assess I-FP-CIT (Ioflupane) image quality and to test semi-quantification software. However, its design is associated with a number of limitations, in particular: unrealistic image appearances and inflexibility. A new physical phantom approach is proposed on the basis of subresolution phantom technology. The design incorporates thin slabs of attenuating material generated through additive manufacturing, and paper sheets with radioactive ink patterns printed on their surface, created with a conventional inkjet printer...
January 17, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346062/television-viewing-time-physical-activity-and-mortality-among-african-americans
#10
Tasnim F Imran, Mark Ommerborn, Cheryl Clark, Adolfo Correa, Patricia Dubbert, J Michael Gaziano, Luc Djoussé
BACKGROUND: Prolonged television viewing time, a marker of sedentary activity, is independently associated with increased all-cause mortality; however, this association has rarely been studied in African Americans. The objective of our study was to examine the association between television viewing time and mortality among African Americans by using data from the Jackson Heart Study (JHS). METHODS: We studied 5,289 participants from the JHS study who reported television viewing time (h/day) in the JHS baseline questionnaire from 2000 through 2004...
January 18, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346056/esophageal-leiomyoma-in-a-dog-causing-esophageal-distension-and-treated-by-transcardial-placement-of-a-self-expanding-covered-nitinol-esophageal-stent
#11
Elisabeth M Robin, Pascaline B Pey, Pauline de Fornel-Thibaud, Pierre H M Moissonnier, Valérie Freiche
CASE DESCRIPTION A 10-year-old spayed female Rottweiler was referred for evaluation because of a 2-month history of regurgitation and weight loss, despite no apparent change in appetite. The dog had received antiemetic and antacid treatment, without improvement. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination revealed a low body condition score (2/5), but other findings were unremarkable. Diffuse, global esophageal dilatation was noted on plain thoracic radiographs, and normal motility was confirmed through videofluoroscopic evaluation of swallowing...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346049/microphthalmia-corneal-dermoids-and-congenital-anomalies-resembling-goldenhar-syndrome-in-a-cat
#12
William Berkowski, Ingeborg Langohr, Anthony Pease, Joshua Bartoe
CASE DESCRIPTION An 18-month-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat was evaluated because of conjunctivitis and skin-fold dermatitis secondary to bilateral microphthalmia, corneal dermoids, and ankyloblepharon. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination revealed bilateral microphthalmia, bilaterally symmetrical corneal dermoids, ankyloblepharon, superior and inferior entropion, prognathism, and facial asymmetry with deviation of the nasal septum. Computed tomography revealed malformed, thickened bony orbits with mineralization of the orbital ligament bilaterally...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345975/nano-and-micro-particles-for-delivery-of-catechins-physical-and-biological-performance
#13
Jian-Hui Ye, Mary Ann Augustin
Catechins, present in many fruits and vegetables, have many health benefits, but they are prone to degradation. Nano- and micro-particle systems have been used to stabilise catechins when exposed to adverse environments and to improve their bioavailability after ingestion. This review discusses the inherent properties of various catechins, the design of delivery formulations and the properties of catechin-loaded nano- and micro-particles. The protection afforded to catechins during exposure to harsh environmental conditions and gastrointestinal tract transit is reviewed...
January 18, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345945/chitosan-silica-hybrid-composites-for-removal-of-sulfonated-azo-dyes-from-aqueous-solutions
#14
Magdalena Blachnio, Tetyana M Budnyak, Anna Derylo-Marczewska, Adam W Marczewski, Valentin A Tertykh
In this study, the influence of chitosan immobilization method on properties of final hybrids materials was performed. Chitosan immobilized on the surface of mesoporous (ChS2) and fumed silica (ChS3) by physical adsorption and through sol-gel method (ChS1). It was found that physical immobilization of chitosan allow to obtain hybrid composites (ChS) with homogeneous distribution of polymer on the surface, relatively wide pores and specific surface area about 170 m2/g, pHPZC=5.7 for ChS3 and 356 m2/g, pHPZC=6...
January 18, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345633/impacts-of-an-exercise-program-and-motivational-telephone-counseling-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#15
JuHee Lee, MoonKi Choi, Yonju Yoo, Sangwoo Ahn, Justin Y Jeon, Ji Young Kim, Ji Yong Byun
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test the effects of group exercise and telephone counseling on physical and psychosocial health in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). DESIGN: This was a quasiexperimental study with a nonequivalent control group. METHODS: This study took place in Seoul, South Korea. Twenty-two and 20 subjects participated in the intervention and comparison groups, respectively. The intervention group performed group exercises twice a week and received motivational telephone counseling every 2 weeks for 12 weeks...
November 14, 2017: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345632/brain-machine-interfaces-for-controlling-lower-limb-powered-robotic-systems
#16
Yongtian He, David Eguren, José M Azorín, Robert Grossman, Trieu Phat Luu, Jose Luis Pepe Contreras-Vidal
Lower-limb, powered robotics systems such as exoskeletons and orthoses have emerged as novel robotic interventions to assist or rehabilitate people with walking disabilities. These devices are generally controlled by certain physical maneuvers, for example pressing buttons or shifting body weight. Although effective, these control schemes are not what humans naturally use. The usability and clinical relevance of these robotics systems could be further enhanced by brain-machine interfaces (BMIs). A number of preliminary studies have been published on this topic, but a systematic understanding of the experimental design, tasks, and performance of BMI-exoskeleton systems for restoration of gait is lacking...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345555/the-preparation-period-in-basketball-training-load-and-neuromuscular-adaptations
#17
Davide Ferioli, Andrea Bosio, Johann C Bilsborough, Antonio La Torre, Michele Tornaghi, Ermanno Rampinini
PURPOSE: To investigate the 1) effect of the preparation period on the neuromuscular characteristics of 12 professional (PRO) and 16 semi-professional (SEMI-PRO) basketball players; 2) relationships between training load indices and changes in neuromuscular physical performance. METHODS: Prior to and following the preparation period, players underwent a counter-movement jump (CMJ) test, followed by a repeated change of direction (COD) test consisting of 4 levels with increasing intensities...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345547/are-current-physical-match-performance-metrics-in-elite-soccer-fit-for-purpose-or-is-the-adoption-of-an-integrated-approach-needed
#18
Paul S Bradley, Jack D Ade
Time-motion analysis is a valuable data-collection technique used to quantify the physical match performance of elite soccer players. For over 40 years researchers have adopted a 'traditional' approach when evaluating match demands by simply reporting the distance covered or time spent along a motion continuum of walking through to sprinting. This methodology quantifies physical metrics in isolation without integrating other factors and this ultimately leads to a one-dimensional insight into match performance...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345497/experiences-of-menopause-self-management-strategies-for-menopausal-symptoms-and-perceptions-of-health-care-among-immigrant-women-a-systematic-review
#19
K A Stanzel, K Hammarberg, J Fisher
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the published literature relating to experiences of menopause, self-management strategies for menopausal symptoms and health-care needs among immigrant women. METHODS: A systematic literature search of English-language publications was performed using Medline, Embase, PsychInfo, Cinahl and Scopus. Twenty-four papers reporting on 19 studies met our inclusion criteria and investigated immigrant women's experiences of menopause and/or their self-management strategies for menopausal symptoms and/or their perceptions of menopause-specific health care...
January 18, 2018: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345215/relationship-of-weekend-warrior-and-regular-physical-activity-patterns-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-associated-diseases-among-chinese-rural-adults
#20
Jing Xiao, Minjie Chu, Huan Shen, Wenlong Ren, Zhou Li, Tianqi Hua, Hong Xu, Yuanyuan Liang, Yuexia Gao, Xun Zhuang
Little is known about the "weekend warrior" pattern of physical activity (PA) where people perform all their PA in 1 or 2 sessions per week. We investigated the relationship of weekend warrior and other PA patterns with metabolic syndrome (MS) and its associated diseases. Data on sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics were collected from the Nantong Metabolic Syndrome Study that included 13,505 women and 6,997 men between 2007 and 2008. Compared with inactive participants, weekend warriors were at lower risk of MS, diabetes, and hypertension; respective odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for men and women were 0...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
keyword
keyword
6198
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"