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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340491/comparison-of-skillful-vs-less-skilled-young-soccer-players-on-anthropometric-maturation-physical-fitness-and-time-of-practice
#1
Márcio André de Gouvêa, Edilson Serpeloni Cyrino, João Valente-Dos-Santos, Alex Silva Ribeiro, Danilo Rodrigues Pereira da Silva, David Ohara, Manuel J Coelho-E-Silva, Enio Ricardo Vaz Ronque
This study compared maturation, body composition and physical fitness between youth soccer athletes with different technical skills levels. Sixty-two young athletes (11-17 years) were categorized dichotomously in more skilled (n=31) and less skilled (n=31) groups based on 3 specific technical tests (Dribbling Speed Test [DST], Shuttle Dribble Test [SDT] and Slalom Dribble Test [SLDT]). Chronological and skeletal age, time of practice, body composition and 4 physical fitness tests were performed for comparisons...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340479/additive-effects-prevail-the-response-of-biota-to-multiple-stressors-in-an-intensively-monitored-watershed
#2
Alexander Gieswein, Daniel Hering, Christian K Feld
Freshwater ecosystems are impacted by a range of stressors arising from diverse human-caused land and water uses. Identifying the relative importance of single stressors and understanding how multiple stressors interact and jointly affect biology is crucial for River Basin Management. This study addressed multiple human-induced stressors and their effects on the aquatic flora and fauna based on data from standard WFD monitoring schemes. For altogether 1095 sites within a mountainous catchment, we used 12 stressor variables covering three different stressor groups: riparian land use, physical habitat quality and nutrient enrichment...
March 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340390/the-association-of-eating-performance-and-environmental-stimulation-among-older-adults-with-dementia-in-nursing-homes-a-secondary-analysis
#3
Wen Liu, Ying-Ling Jao, Kristine Williams
BACKGROUND: Nursing home residents with dementia experience increased risk for compromised eating performance due to intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environmental factors. Environmental stimulation is physical, social, and/or sensory stimulation present in the environment that can potentially trigger individuals' emotion or motivate physical reactions. Beyond the personal factors, there is a lack of evidence on how environmental stimulation influences individuals' eating performance at mealtimes...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340224/the-association-of-context-specific-sitting-time-and-physical-activity-intensity-to-working-memory-capacity-and-academic-achievement-in-young-adults
#4
Mireia Felez-Nobrega, Charles H Hillman, Eva Cirera, Anna Puig-Ribera
To examine combined associations between self-reported context-specific sitting time (ST) and physical activity (PA) with working memory capacity (WMC) and academic achievement in a sample of Spanish adults. Undergraduate students ( n = 371; 21 years ± 3 years, 44% female) were recruited from University of Vic-Central University of Catalonia. Participants completed a 54-item survey that assessed socio-demographic variables (e.g. age, gender, academic year), min/week of light (LPA), moderate (MPA) and vigorous (VPA) intensity PA (International Physical Activity Questionnaire), min/day of domain-specific ST (Last 7 days sedentary behavior questionnaire) and academic performance (grade point average)...
March 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340072/loneliness-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-physical-conditions-a-meta-analysis
#5
Marlies Maes, Wim Van den Noortgate, Suzanne F Fustolo-Gunnink, Jessica Rassart, Koen Luyckx, Luc Goossens
 This meta-analysis examines loneliness in children and adolescents with chronic physical conditions as compared with their peers. Multilevel meta-analyses were performed on 43 studies (69 samples), published between 1987 and 2015. A total of 2,518 individuals with chronic physical conditions and 1,463 control peers were included in the analyses. Children and adolescents with chronic conditions are, on average, somewhat lonelier than their peers without such conditions. Moreover, the link between chronic conditions and loneliness varied according to the recruitment procedure used for participant selection...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340044/oral-ghrelin-receptor-agonist-mk-0677-increases-serum-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-randomized-blinded-study
#6
Garland A Campbell, James T Patrie, Bruce D Gaylinn, Michael O Thorner, Warren K Bolton
Background: . Protein-energy wasting (PEW) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, but options for treatment are limited. Growth hormone (GH) increases insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), with improved nutritional parameters, but must be given subcutaneously and does not provide normal GH secretion patterns. MK-0677, an oral ghrelin receptor agonist (GRA), maintains normal GH secretion and increases lean body mass in normal subjects; it has not been studied in dialysis patients, an essential step in assessing efficacy and safety prior to clinical trials...
March 3, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340022/nicotine-content-and-physical-properties-of-large-cigars-and-cigarillos-in-the-united-states
#7
Bartosz Koszowski, Meridith Hill Thanner, Wallace B Pickworth, Kenneth M Taylor, Lynn C Hull, Megan J Schroeder
Introduction: Cigars are combusted tobacco products consisting of filler, binder, and wrapper, which are derived from tobacco. Despite the abundance of literature on the composition of traditional combusted cigarettes, research is limited on the physical and chemical properties of cigars. Therefore, research on cigar properties may be useful to better understand their health impact. Methods: In this study, twenty large cigar and cigarillo products were characterized for physical properties (ie, weight, length, and diameter), filler nicotine content, and tobacco pH...
March 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340012/assessment-of-muscle-mass-relative-to-fat-mass-and-associations-with-physical-functioning-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
Joshua F Baker, Jon T Giles, David Weber, Mary B Leonard, Babette S Zemel, Jin Long, Said Ibrahim, Patricia P Katz
Objectives.: To determine whether a novel measure of appendicular lean mass relative to fat mass is associated with physical functioning in RA. Methods.: In a cross-sectional design, three independent RA cohorts were retrospectively analysed. Whole-body DXA measures of appendicular lean mass index (ALMI, kg/m 2 ) and fat mass index (FMI, kg/m 2 ) were converted to age, sex and race-specific Z-scores using published National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey reference ranges...
February 28, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340011/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-physical-exercise-in-reducing-pain-in-women-undergoing-mammography-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Tadeu Cardoso de Almeida, Luane Marques de Mello, Jacó Saraiva de Castro Mattos, Anderson Soares da Silva, Altacílio Aparecido Nunes
Objective. : To evaluate the efficacy of exercise prior to mammography in reducing perceived postexamination pain. Methods. : An open, randomized, and controlled clinical trial was conducted. The interventions consisted of warm-up and stretching exercises of the upper or lower limbs of women who consulted at Barretos Cancer Hospital, São Paulo State, Brazil. The women were divided into three groups based on the intervention and its location: upper limbs (group 1), lower limbs (group 2), and no intervention (group 0)...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339620/systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-health-related-behavioral-interventions-using-portable-activity-sensing-devices-pasds
#10
Hamed Abedtash, Richard J Holden
Background: Portable activity sensing devices (PASDs) have received significant interest as tools for objectively measuring activity-related parameters and promoting health-related outcomes. Studies of PASDs suggest the potential value of integrating them with behavioral interventions to improve intermediate and downstream clinical outcomes. Objectives: : This systematic review describes and evaluates evidence from controlled studies of interventions using PASDs on their effectiveness in health-related outcomes...
February 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339605/uniparental-chicken-offsprings-derived-from-oogenesis-of-chicken-primordial-germ-cells-zz-%C3%A2
#11
Chunhai Liu, Il-Kuk Chang, Kamal A Khazanehdari, Shruti Thomas, Preetha Varghese, Vijaya Baskar, Razan Alkhatib, Wenhai Li, Jörg Kinne, Michael J McGrew, Ulrich Wernery
Cloning (somatic cell nuclear transfer) in avian species has proven unachievable due to the physical structure of the avian oocyte. Here, the sexual differentiation of primordial germ cells with genetic sex ZZ (ZZ PGCs) was investigated in female germline chimeric chicken hosts with the aim to produce uniparental offspring. ZZ PGCs were expanded in culture and transplanted into the same and opposite sex chicken embryos which were partially sterilized using irradiation. All tested chimeric roosters (ZZ/ZZ) showed germline transmission with transmission rates of 3...
February 2, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339521/effect-of-fibromyalgia-symptoms-on-outcome-of-spinal-surgery
#12
Jacob N Ablin, Mark Berman, Valerie Aloush, Gilad Regev, Khalil Salame, Dan Buskila, Zvi Lidar
Objectives. : To evaluate the effect of presurgical symptoms characteristic of fibromyalgia on the postsurgical outcome of patients undergoing spinal surgery. Methods. : In this observational cohort study, participants were patients scheduled for spinal surgery, including cervical or lumbar laminectomy and foraminectomy. Presurgical evaluation included physical examination and manual dolorimetry. Questionnaires included the widespread pain index (WPI), symptom severity scale (SSS), and SF-36...
October 22, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339392/stability-of-ribavirin-for-inhalation-packaged-in-syringes-or-glass-vials-when-stored-frozen-refrigerated-and-at-room-temperature
#13
Bayli Larson, Lane R Bushman, Matthew L Casciano, Alan R Oldland, Jennifer J Kiser, Tyree H Kiser
The primary aim of this study was to investigate ribavirin solution for inhalation stability under three different conditions (frozen, refrigerated, room temperature) over a 45-day period. A ribavirin 6000-mg vial was reconstituted with 90 mL of Sterile Water for Injection per the package insert to yield a concentration of approximately 67 mg/mL. The solution was then placed in either syringes or empty glass vials and stored in the freezer (-20°C), in the refrigerator (~0°C to 4°C), or at room temperature (~20°C to 25°C)...
November 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339380/a-simplified-extemporaneously-prepared-potassium-chloride-oral-solution
#14
Elias Tannous, Yana Tal, Kamal Amarny
Although commercial preparations of oral potassium supplements are usually available, there are times when our Medical Center is faced with situations in which the oral solution of potassium chloride is not available. This solution is necessary for our pediatric outpatients who cannot swallow tablets and need an oral solution. Moreover, there are no studies available which describe an extemporaneously prepared potassium chloride oral solution on which we can rely for assigning a beyond-use date. The aim of this study was to formulate an extemporaneous pediatric oral solution of potassium chloride and to determine the physical and chemical stability of this preparation...
September 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339379/stability-of-sodium-nitroprusside-in-5-dextrose-stored-at-4%C3%A2-c-in-polypropylene-syringes-protected-from-light
#15
Collin R Anderson, Deborah Collins, Trevor Laursen, Trevor Arave, Michael Helm
Sodium nitroprusside is a potent vasodilator employed intraoperatively and within critical care areas. The photolabile pharmaceutical agent has been used for decades and various stability studies have been executed. Due to potential shortages and the desire to batch compound sodium nitroprusside at a concentration of 1 mg/mL in polypropylene syringes, a new stability study was performed. Chromatographic analysis was conducted on a C18 column, with elution via an aqueous phase of 0.01 M sodium phosphate monobasic, adjusted to pH 6...
September 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339377/stability-of-clindamycin-hydrochloride-in-pcca-base-suspendit
#16
Yashoda V Pramar, Richard A Graves, Grace A Ledet, Kelly V Phan, Levon A Bostanian, Tarun K Mandal
Clindamycin is an effective antibiotic in the treatment of infections caused by certain gram-positive and gram-negative anaerobic microorganisms. While manufactured forms of the drug for pediatric use are available, there are instances when a compounded liquid dosage form is essential to meet unique patient needs. The purpose of this study was to determine the chemical stability of clindamycin hydrochloride in the PCCA base SuspendIt, a sugar-free, paraben- free, dye-free, and gluten-free thixotropic vehicle containing a natural sweetener obtained from the monk fruit...
September 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339366/jaccoud-s-arthropathy-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-clinical-laboratory-and-ultrasonographic-features
#17
Fulvia Ceccarelli, Laura Massaro, Carlo Perricone, Monica Pendolino, Enrica Cipriano, Simona Truglia, Francesca Miranda, Francesca Romana Spinelli, Cristiano Alessandri, Guido Valesini, Fabrizio Conti
OBJECTIVES: Jaccoud's arthropathy (JA) is a deforming, non-erosive arthritis, occurring in 2-35% of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. We aimed to evaluate JA patients in a wide monocentric SLE cohort in terms of clinical, serological and ultrasonographic features. METHODS: Consecutive SLE patients (ACR criteria 1997) were evaluated. The JA index was applied for patients with reducible deformities. Patients with a JA index ≥5 underwent physical examination, blood testing and ultrasound (US) assessment...
March 23, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339350/the-effect-of-initial-knee-angle-on-concentric-only-squat-jump-performance
#18
Lachlan J Mitchell, Christos K Argus, Kristie-Lee Taylor, Jeremy M Sheppard, Dale W Chapman
PURPOSE: There is uncertainty as to which knee angle during a squat jump (SJ) produces maximal jump performance. Importantly, understanding this information will aid in determining appropriate ratios for assessment and monitoring of the explosive characteristics of athletes. METHOD: This study compared SJ performance across different knee angles-90º, 100º, 110º, 120º, 130º, and a self-selected depth-for jump height and other kinetic characteristics. For comparison between SJ and an unconstrained dynamic movement, participants also performed a countermovement jump from a self-selected depth...
March 24, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339331/differential-diagnosis-of-a-patient-referred-to-physical-therapy-for-dizziness-a-case-report
#19
Zachary Rethorn, Susan J Barlow, Emily Gavlick
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. BACKGROUND: Dizziness is a common and debilitating condition across the lifespan. Patients with this complaint must be carefully examined to determine the cause of dizziness, rule out the presence of central nervous system dysfunction, and determine the appropriateness of physical therapy intervention. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 90-year-old male was referred to physical therapy six months after the onset of dizziness. A thorough history was taken and examination was performed...
March 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339253/distinct-evolutions-of-weyl-fermion-quasiparticles-and-fermi-arcs-with-bulk-band-topology-in-weyl-semimetals
#20
N Xu, G Autès, C E Matt, B Q Lv, M Y Yao, F Bisti, V N Strocov, D Gawryluk, E Pomjakushina, K Conder, N C Plumb, M Radovic, T Qian, O V Yazyev, J Mesot, H Ding, M Shi
The Weyl semimetal phase is a recently discovered topological quantum state of matter characterized by the presence of topologically protected degeneracies near the Fermi level. These degeneracies are the source of exotic phenomena, including the realization of chiral Weyl fermions as quasiparticles in the bulk and the formation of Fermi arc states on the surfaces. Here, we demonstrate that these two key signatures show distinct evolutions with the bulk band topology by performing angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, supported by first-principles calculations, on transition-metal monophosphides...
March 10, 2017: Physical Review Letters
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