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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214912/-the-active-offering-of-measles-rubella-and-mumps-vaccine-in-new-mothers-the-experience-of-health-facilities-in-one-of-the-local-health-unit-of-rome-lazio-italy
#1
Viviana Santoro, Valentina Pettinicchio, Andreina Lancia, Cristiana Vazzoler, Francesca De Luca, Elisabetta Franco
Rubella is a contagious disease that can be very serious, especially in unvaccinated pregnant women. The best way to be protected is getting vaccinated: MMR vaccine is very effective at protecting people against measles, mumps, and rubella, and preventing the complications caused by these diseases. According to PASSI 2012-2015 (the Italian behavioral risk factor surveillance system) in the territory of ex ASL Roma C only 56% of women between 18 and 49 years were immunized against rubella, thanks to vaccination (34%) or past infection detected by rubeotest (22%); 2% was susceptible and 42% of respondents did not know their immune status against rubella...
November 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207677/predictors-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-initiation-and-completion-among-latino-mothers-of-11-to-17-year-old-daughters-living-along-the-texas-mexico-border
#2
Daisy Y Morales-Campos, Deborah Parra-Medina
Few Texas Latino girls initiate and complete the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series, but few studies have examined predictors of initiation and completion in this group. Mothers are crucial to vaccine uptake. Using self-reported data from mothers of unvaccinated girls (n = 317), we examined the association between predictors (HPV and HPV vaccine knowledge, vaccine self-efficacy) and outcomes (initiation and completion). Despite an increase in HPV and HPV vaccine knowledge from baseline to follow-up (n = 195), we found no association between the predictors and the outcomes...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198541/adenovirus-type-4-respiratory-infections-with-a-concurrent-outbreak-of-coxsackievirus-a21-among-united-states-army-basic-trainees-a-retrospective-viral-etiology-study-using-next-generation-sequencing
#3
Jun Hang, Todd J Vento, Erica A Norby, Richard G Jarman, Paul B Keiser, Robert A Kuschner, Leonard N Binn
BACKGROUND: Human adenoviruses (HAdV), in particular types 4 and 7, frequently cause acute respiratory disease (ARD) during basic military training. HAdV4 and HAdV7 vaccines reduced the ARD risk in US military. It is important to identify other respiratory pathogens and assess their potential impact on military readiness. METHODS: In 2002, during a period when the HAdV vaccines were not available, throat swabs were taken from trainees (n = 184) with respiratory infections at Fort Jackson, South Carolina...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196715/safety-of-the-oral-cholera-vaccine-in-pregnancy-retrospective-findings-from-a-subgroup-following-mass-vaccination-campaign-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#4
Ashraful Islam Khan, Mohammad Ali, Fahima Chowdhury, Amit Saha, Iqbal Ansary Khan, Arifuzzaman Khan, Afroza Akter, Muhammad Asaduzzaman, Md Taufiqul Islam, Alamgir Kabir, Young Ae You, Nirod Chandra Saha, Alejandro Cravioto, John D Clemens, Firdausi Qadri
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women are vulnerable to complications of cholera. Killed oral cholera vaccines (OCV) are not recommended for pregnant women though there is no evidence of harmful effects during pregnancy. We evaluated the effect of a killed OCV, Shanchol™, on pregnancy outcomes during an effectiveness trial of the vaccine in urban Bangladesh. METHODOLOGY: Individuals ⩾1year were invited to participate in the trial, conducted in 2011 in Dhaka, Bangladesh...
February 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193249/factors-associated-with-parental-reasons-for-no-intent-to-vaccinate-female-adolescents-with-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-national-immunization-survey-teen-2008-2012
#5
Vinay K Cheruvu, Madhav P Bhatta, Lauren N Drinkard
BACKGROUND: 1) To identify socio-demographic factors associated with parental "no-intent" for their 13-17 year old unvaccinated daughter to receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series within the next twelve months, 2) to describe patterns in "no-intent" by socio-demographic factors, and 3) to identify socio-demographic factors associated with parental reasons for "no-intent". METHODS: Data from 2008-2012 National Immunization Survey - Teen (NIS - Teen) were examined in this study...
February 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190746/birth-outcomes-for-australian-mother-infant-pairs-who-received-an-influenza-vaccine-during-pregnancy-2012-2014-the-flumum-study
#6
Lisa McHugh, Ross M Andrews, Stephen B Lambert, Kerri A Viney, Nicholas Wood, Kirsten P Perrett, Helen S Marshall, Peter Richmond, Kerry-Ann F O'Grady
INTRODUCTION: In Australia, influenza vaccination is recommended for all women who will be pregnant during the influenza season. Vaccine safety and effectiveness are key concerns and influencers of uptake for both vaccine providers and families. We assessed the safety of receiving an influenza vaccination during any trimester of pregnancy with respect to preterm births and infant birthweight. METHODS: We conducted a nested retrospective cohort study of 'FluMum' participants (2012-2014)...
February 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190742/pcv13-serotype-decrease-in-italian-adolescents-and-adults-in-the-post-pcv13-era-herd-protection-from-children-or-secular-trend
#7
Francesco Nieddu, Maria Moriondo, Elisa De Vitis, Silvia Ricci, Giuseppe Indolfi, Massimo Resti, Caterina Vocale, Maria Paola Landini, Assunta Sartor, Chiara Azzari
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: In 2010 PCV13 replaced PCV7 in the pediatric vaccination schedule for Italian children. While a strong herd effect was demonstrated for PCV7, a possible herd effect due to PCV13 is still under debate. Our aim was to evaluate differences in the distribution of pneumococcal serotypes between the pre and post-PCV13 eras in unvaccinated Italian adolescents and adults with laboratory-confirmed pneumococcal infection from 3 Italian Regions with a high rate of PCV13 vaccination of children...
February 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190740/protective-efficacy-of-a-lipid-antigen-vaccine-in-a-guinea-pig-model-of-tuberculosis
#8
Gérald Larrouy-Maumus, Emilie Layre, Simon Clark, Jacques Prandi, Emma Rayner, Marco Lepore, Gennaro de Libero, Ann Williams, Germain Puzo, Martine Gilleron
The bacillus Calmette Guérin (BCG) vaccine, the only licensed vaccine against TB, displays partial and variable efficacy, thus making the exploitation of novel vaccination strategies a major priority. Most of the current vaccines in pre-clinical or clinical development are based on the induction of T cells recognizing protein antigens. However, a large number of T cells specific for mycobacterial lipids are induced during infection, suggesting that lipid-based vaccines might represent an important component of novel sub-unit vaccines...
February 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182307/chronologic-changes-of-serum-hepatitis-b-virus-dna-genotypes-surface-antigen-mutants-and-reverse-transcriptase-mutants-during-25-year-nationwide-immunization-in-taiwan
#9
Hong-Yuan Hsu, Mei-Hwei Chang, Yen-Hsuan Ni, Cheng-Lun Chiang, Jia-Feng Wu, Huey-Ling Chen, Pei-Jer Chen, Ding-Shinn Chen
We investigated breakthrough infection and hepatitis B virus (HBV) genetic changes in immunized subjects after 25-year of a universal infant immunization. Specifically, serum HBV DNA, genotypes, surface antigen mutants and nucleoside analog-resistant (NAr) mutants were assessed in 2853 subjects (<25-years-old) surveyed in 2009, and these data were compared with the data from previous serosurveys. A comparison across different age-stratified groups using the 2009 data revealed a significant increase in the seropositive rate of anti-HBc (5...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178054/safety-of-tetanus-diphtheria-and-pertussis-vaccination-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#10
Mark McMillan, Michelle Clarke, Adriana Parrella, Deshayne B Fell, Gayatri Amirthalingam, Helen S Marshall
OBJECTIVE: To assess antenatal, birth, and infant outcomes for pregnant women, fetuses, and infants after antenatal vaccination with any antigen present in combination pertussis vaccines. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, Literature in the Health Sciences in Latin America and the Caribbean, ClinicalTrials.gov, Cochrane Library, and World Health Organization (inception to May 5, 2016). METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Studies reporting outcomes for pregnant women, their fetus, or infant after antenatal exposure to either monovalent or combined tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) or inactivated polio vaccines were considered for inclusion...
February 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162825/safety-of-quadrivalent-live-attenuated-influenza-vaccine-in-subjects-aged-2-49years
#11
Roger Baxter, Abigail Eaton, John Hansen, Laurie Aukes, Herve Caspard, Christopher S Ambrose
BACKGROUND: Quadrivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine (Q/LAIV) was licensed in 2012 and replaced trivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine in the United States during the 2013-2014 influenza season. This study assessed the safety of Q/LAIV in children and adults aged 2-49years. METHODS: This was a prospective observational cohort study using data collected from Kaiser Permanente Northern California. Post-vaccination events of interest were any hospitalization, hospitalization for lower respiratory tract infection, and the following medically attended events: hypersensitivity, seizures/convulsions, lower respiratory tract infection, wheezing, Guillain-Barré syndrome, Bell's palsy, encephalitis, neuritis, vasculitis, and narcolepsy/cataplexy...
February 2, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157059/danish-mmr-vaccination-coverage-is-considerably-higher-than-reported
#12
Nanna Holt, Anna Mygind, Flemming Bro
INTRODUCTION: The Danish childhood vaccination programme offers protection against measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR). Nevertheless, many children appear to be unvaccinated according to the national registers. The aim of this study was to estimate the MMR1 vaccination coverage based on a medical record review of children whose vaccination status is negative according to the register-based data. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 19 randomly selected general practices in the Central Denmark Region including 1,712 children aged 18-42 months...
February 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154457/evaluation-of-the-new-commercial-recombinant-chimeric-subunit-vaccine-prrsfree-in-challenge-with-heterologous-types-1-and-2-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus
#13
Jiwoon Jeong, Changhoon Park, Kyuhyung Choi, Chanhee Chae
The objective of this study was to evaluate a new recombinant chimeric vaccine against porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). The subunit vaccine, PRRSFREE, from Reber Genetics, Taiwan, Republic of China, is based on a plasmid containing a detoxified Pseudomonas exotoxin carrying open reading frame (ORF) 7, 1b, and 5 and 6 chimeric subunits of types 1 and 2 PRRSV. Pigs were injected intramuscularly with 2.0 mL of the vaccine at 21 and 42 d of age, according to the manufacturer's recommendation...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143673/survey-of-vaccination-knowledge-and-acceptance-among-adults-admitted-to-an-urban-emergency-department
#14
Kathryn Sutcliffe, Paul E Kilgore, Kaitlyn DeHoff, Richard Evans, Keith S Kaye, Ryan E Malosh, Robert Sherwin, Emily T Martin
BACKGROUND: Adult vaccination rates in the United States have fallen below national target levels and may be exacerbated by lack of access to a primary care physician. We assessed patient knowledge of and attitudes towards vaccines in an urban emergency department population and analyzed the feasibility of using this setting as a vaccine delivery site from a patient perspective. METHODS: In-person interviewers administered surveys to 250 adult patients presenting to the Detroit Receiving Hospital emergency department in Detroit, Michigan...
January 28, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140644/serologic-survey-for-antibodies-against-three-genotypes-of-bovine-parainfluenza-3-virus-in-unvaccinated-ungulates-in-alabama
#15
Benjamin W Newcomer, John D Neill, Patricia K Galik, Kay P Riddell, Yijing Zhang, Thomas Passler, Binu T Velayudhan, Paul H Walz
OBJECTIVE To determine titers of serum antibodies against 3 genotypes of bovine parainfluenza 3 virus (BPI3V) in unvaccinated ungulates in Alabama. ANIMALS 62 cattle, goats, and New World camelids from 5 distinct herds and 21 captured white-tailed deer. PROCEDURES Serum samples were obtained from all animals for determination of anti-BPI3V antibody titers, which were measured by virus neutralization assays that used indicator (reference) viruses from each of the 3 BPI3V genotypes (BPI3V-A, BPI3V-B, and BPI3V-C)...
February 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131384/seroprevalence-of-west-nile-virus-antibodies-in-equids-in-the-north-east-of-algeria-and-detection-of-virus-circulation-in-2014
#16
Ismail Lafri, Christine M Prat, Idir Bitam, Patrick Gravier, Mohamed Besbaci, Fayçal Zeroual, Meriem Hind Ben-Mahdi, Bernard Davoust, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart
West Nile fever (WNF) is a viral disease of wild birds transmitted by mosquitoes. Humans and equids can also be affected and suffer from meningoencephalitis. In Algeria, since the 1994 epidemic, no data on WNV circulation was available until 2012. In September 2012, a fatal human case of WNV neuro-invasive infection occurred in Jijel province. This study describes the first seroprevalence study of West Nile virus (WNV) antibodies conducted in the equine population in Algeria. During 2014, serum samples were collected from 293 equids (222 donkeys and 71 horses) asymptomatic and unvaccinated for WNV in three localities in Northeastern wetlands of Algeria...
February 2017: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129360/influenza-vaccination-of-healthcare-workers-critical-analysis-of-the-evidence-for-patient-benefit-underpinning-policies-of-enforcement
#17
Gaston De Serres, Danuta M Skowronski, Brian J Ward, Michael Gardam, Camille Lemieux, Annalee Yassi, David M Patrick, Mel Krajden, Mark Loeb, Peter Collignon, Fabrice Carrat
BACKGROUND: Four cluster randomized controlled trials (cRCTs) conducted in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) have reported reductions in patient risk through increased healthcare worker (HCW) influenza vaccination. This evidence has led to expansive policies of enforcement that include all staff of acute care hospitals and other healthcare settings beyond LTCFs. We critique and quantify the cRCT evidence for indirect patient benefit underpinning policies of mandatory HCW influenza vaccination...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128092/large-measles-epidemic-in-the-netherlands-may-2013-to-march-2014-changing-epidemiology
#18
Tom Woudenberg, Rob S van Binnendijk, Elisabeth A M Sanders, Jacco Wallinga, Hester E de Melker, Wilhelmina L M Ruijs, Susan J M Hahné
Since the early 1990s, the Netherlands has experienced several large measles epidemics, in 1992-94, 1999-2000 and in 2013-14. These outbreaks mainly affected orthodox Protestants, a geographically clustered population with overall lower measles-mumps-rubella first dose (MMR-1) vaccination coverage (60%) than the rest of the country (> 95%). In the 2013-14 epidemic described here, which occurred between 27 May 2013 and 12 March 2014, 2,700 cases were reported. Several control measures were implemented including MMR vaccination for 6-14-month-olds and recommendations to reduce the risk in healthcare workers...
January 19, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126492/no-evidence-for-cross-protection-of-the-hpv-16-18-vaccine-against-hpv-6-11-positivity-in-female-sti-clinic-visitors
#19
Petra J Woestenberg, Audrey J King, Marianne A B van der Sande, Robine Donken, Suzan Leussink, Fiona R M van der Klis, Christian J P A Hoebe, Johannes A Bogaards, Birgit H B van Benthem
OBJECTIVES: Data from a vaccine trial and from post-vaccine surveillance in the United Kingdom have suggested that the bivalent HPV-16/18 vaccine offers cross-protection against HPV-6/11 and protection against anogenital warts (AGW). We studied the effect of the bivalent vaccine on genital HPV-6/11 positivity and AGW in the Netherlands. METHODS: We included all vaccine-eligible women from the PASSYON study, a biennial cross-sectional study among 16- to 24-year-old sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic attendants...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124135/evaluation-of-the-protective-effect-of-pvax-etmic3-recombined-plasmid-against-e-tenella-in-chicken
#20
Xin-Qiu Wang, Lin-Lin Wu, Yan Gao, Yuan Zhang, Ya-Biao Weng, Rui-Qing Lin
Coccidiosis caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Eimeria has a severe economic impact on commercial production worldwide. Micronemes of Eimeria play important roles in invading intestinal cell processes. In this study, the DNA vaccine expressing Eimeria tenella microneme protein 3 (EtMIC3) was constructed to evaluate its immune protective effect against E. tenella infection in chickens. The results demonstrated that chickens immunized with pVAX-EtMIC3 produced strong immune responses in the body, as shown by significant lymphocyte proliferation, cytokine production, and antibody responses...
January 26, 2017: Parasitology Research
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