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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159414/hepatitis-b-vaccination-screening-and-linkage-to-care-best-practice-advice-from-the-american-college-of-physicians-and-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention
#1
Winston E Abara, Amir Qaseem, Sarah Schillie, Brian J McMahon, Aaron M Harris
Background: Vaccination, screening, and linkage to care can reduce the burden of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. However, recommendations vary among organizations, and their implementation has been suboptimal. The American College of Physicians' High Value Care Task Force and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention developed this article to present best practice statements for hepatitis B vaccination, screening, and linkage to care. Methods: A narrative literature review of clinical guidelines, systematic reviews, randomized trials, and intervention studies on hepatitis B vaccination, screening, and linkage to care published between January 2005 and June 2017 was conducted...
November 21, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153586/non-specific-effects-of-childhood-vaccinations-a-case-control-study-nested-into-a-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-in-rural-burkina-faso
#2
G Pfeiffer, A B Fisker, E Nebié, J Hengelbrock, A Sié, H Becher, O Müller
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies in African countries have been suggestive of non-specific effects (NSE) of vaccination on child survival. Live vaccines (e.g. measles, MV) have been found to reduce child mortality while inactivated vaccines (e.g. diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis, DTP) have been associated with increased mortality; NSE were often found to be sex-specific. METHODS: A case-control study nested into the Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) cohort of the Centre de Recherche en Santé de Nouna (CRSN) was conducted in northwestern Burkina Faso...
November 15, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152877/rapid-risk-assessment-during-the-early-weeks-of-the-2015-2016-influenza-season-in-ukraine
#3
Sophie Newitt, Alla Mironenko, Olha Holubka, Oleksandr Zaika, Olga Gubar, Katri Jalava, Caroline Brown, Iryna Demchyshyna, Tetiana Dykhanovska
BACKGROUND: Several eastern European countries reported a severe influenza season to the World Health Organization (WHO) during late 2015. A country-specific rapid risk assessment for Ukraine was conducted to assess the season's severity and inform public health action.. METHODS: The exposure and hazard were assessed using acute respiratory infection (ARI), severe acute respiratory infection (SARI), laboratory surveillance, virological and vaccine data from weeks 40/2015 to 7/2016 with comparison to four previous seasons to describe the influenza season start (five week consecutive increase in ARI or SARI),, predominant virus types, geographical spread and affected age groups ...
November 20, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152705/an-epidemological-study-on-peste-des-petits-ruminants-in-tripoli-region-lybia
#4
REVIEW
Mohamed Dakil Almeshay, Abubaker Gusbi, Ibrahim Eldaghayes, Riadh Mansouri, Mohammed Bengoumi, Abdunaser S Dayhum
A cross‑sectional study was conducted in Libya in 7 areas of Tripoli to determine the seroprevalence of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) Virus (PPRV) in small ruminants (sheep and goats) between June and August 2013, and to identify the potential risk factors associated with the infection. The study involved 10% of small ruminant herds with ≥50 animals in the Tripoli region. They were selected randomly (15 herds), and 35 to 58 samples, depending on its size, were collected from each selected herd. Seven‑hundred and twenty‑one serum samples from unvaccinated animals (601 of sheep and 120 of goats) were collected and then tested using cELISA commercial kit in the National Center of Animal Health Laboratory in Tripoli, Libya...
September 30, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150579/septicaemic-pasteurellosis-in-unvaccinated-lambs-in-northern-ireland
#5
(no author information available yet)
Northern ireland disease surveillance, july to september 2017Bibersteinia trehalosi causing septicaemic pasteurellosis in lambsAbortion due to Streptococcus pluranimalium in cattleLymphoma in cattleAcute fasciolosis in sheepErysipelas in pigsMarek's disease in chickens.
November 18, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149524/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-fetal-outcomes-following-the-administration-of-influenza-a-h1n1-vaccination-during-pregnancy
#6
REVIEW
Chuan Zhang, Xiaodong Wang, Dan Liu, Lingli Zhang, Xin Sun
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women were identified as a population of priority for vaccination during the H1N1 influenza pandemic breaking out in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess adverse fetal outcomes following the administration of H1N1 pandemic vaccination during pregnancy. SEARCH STRATEGY: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched up to January 2017. SELECTION CRITERIA: Cohort studies investigating fetal outcomes after H1N1 influenza vaccination during pregnancy were eligible...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143685/available-studies-fail-to-provide-strong-evidence-of-increased-risk-of-diarrhea-mortality-due-to-measles-in-the-period-4-26%C3%A2-weeks-after-measles-rash-onset
#7
Bianca D Jackson, Robert E Black
BACKGROUND: Measles vaccination effectiveness studies showed dramatic decreases in all-cause mortality in excess of what would be expected from the prevention of measles disease alone. This invited speculation that measles infection may increase the risk of diarrhea morbidity and mortality subsequent to the acute phase of the disease. The aim of the present systematic review is to summarize the existing evidence in the publically available literature pertaining to the putative causal link between measles and diarrhea in the period 4-26 weeks following measles rash onset...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140439/bivalent-vaccine-effectiveness-against-type-specific-hpv-positivity-evidence-for-cross-protection-against-oncogenic-types-among-dutch-sti-clinic-visitors
#8
Petra J Woestenberg, Audrey J King, Birgit H B van Benthem, Robine Donken, Suzan Leussink, Fiona R M van der Klis, Hester E de Melker, Marianne A B van der Sande, Christian J P A Hoebe, Johannes A Bogaards
Background: Observational post-marketing studies are important to assess vaccine effectiveness (VE). We estimated VE from the bivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine against HPV positivity of vaccine and non-vaccine types in a high-risk population. Methods: We included all vaccine-eligible women from the PASSYON study, a biennial cross-sectional survey in Dutch sexually transmitted infection clinics. Vaginal swabs were analyzed using a PCR-based assay (SPF10-LiPA25) able to detect the 12 high-risk HPV (hrHPV) types 16/18/31/33/35/39/45/51/52/56/58/59...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134823/does-self-efficacy-mediate-the-relationships-between-social-cognitive-factors-and-intentions-to-receive-hpv-vaccination-among-young-women
#9
Shannon M Christy, Joseph G Winger, Catherine E Mosher
Drawing upon health behavior change theories, the current study examined whether self-efficacy mediated relationships between social-cognitive factors (i.e., perceived risk, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, perceived severity, and cue to action) and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination intentions among college women. Unvaccinated women ( N = 115) aged 18 to 25 years attending a Midwestern university completed an anonymous web-based survey assessing study variables. Correlational analyses and mediation analyses were conducted...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134203/use-of-multiplex-quantitative-pcr-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-on-nasopharyngeal-pneumococcal-colonization-in-african-children
#10
Courtney P Olwagen, Peter V Adrian, Marta C Nunes, Michelle J Groome, Mark F Cotton, Avy Violari, Shabir A Madhi
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) immunization of children induces shifts in colonizing pneumococcal serotypes. This study evaluated the effect of infant vaccination with 7-valent PCV (PCV7) on vaccine serotype (VT) colonization and whether the increase in nonvaccine serotype (NVT) was due to either unmasking of previously low-density-colonizing serotypes or increase in acquisition of NVT. A multiplex quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used to evaluate VT and NVT nasopharyngeal colonization in archived swabs of PCV-vaccinated and PCV-unvaccinated African children at 9 and 15 to 16 months of age...
November 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132857/declining-care-to-unvaccinated-patients-ethical-and-legal-considerations
#11
Kishore L Jayakumar, Jules B Lipoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129527/identification-of-measles-virus-genotype-b3-associated-with-outbreaks-in-islamabad-pakistan-2013-2015
#12
Syed Sohail Zahoor Zaidi, Abdul Hameed, Muhammad Suleman Rana, Muhammad Masroor Alam, Massab Umair, Uzma Bashir Aamir, Maqbool Hussain, Salmaan Sharif, Shahzad Shaukat, Mehar Angez, Adnan Khurshid
BACKGROUND: Measles virus infection remains a significant cause of childhood mortality and morbidity despite continued global efforts and the availability of a safe and effective vaccine. Molecular analysis of indigenous measles viruses could provide critical information on outbreak linkages and transmission pathways that can aid the implementation of appropriate control programs in Pakistan. METHODS: Blood samples and throat swabs were collected from subjects suspected with measles in Islamabad, Pakistan from 2013 to 2015...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119026/thiamine-deficiency-leading-to-refractory-lactic-acidosis-in-a-pediatric-patient
#13
Alicia M Teagarden, Brian D Leland, Courtney M Rowan, Riad Lutfi
Thiamine plays a critical role in energy metabolism. Critically ill children and adults may develop thiamine deficiency with ultimately increased mortality due to potentially irreversible consequences of severe type B lactic acidosis. We report a case of an unvaccinated term neonate with malignant pertussis requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and continuous renal replacement therapy, who developed profound lactic acidosis of unknown etiology. After countless evaluations for likely causes, the patient was ultimately determined to have thiamine deficiency and her acidosis resolved rapidly with vitamin supplementation...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110171/experimental-efficacy-of-a-vaccine-against-rhipicephalus-australis
#14
Thomas Hüe, Julie Petermann, Romain Bonnefond, Isabelle Mermoud, Dewi Rantoen, Tony Vuocolo
Despite several decades of chemical use the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus australis, still represents an important threat for breeders of tick susceptible cattle under tropical conditions. The intense use of acaricides has lead to the development of multi-resistant strains of ticks and alternative means of control need to be developed to maintain control. A vaccine against ticks, based on the Boophilus microplus Bm86 protein, is one of the promising alternative means of tick control. In this investigation, an experimental vaccine was developed based on the orthologous R...
November 6, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110027/human-papillomavirus-vaccine-uptake-in-adolescence-and-adherence-to-cervical-cancer-screening-in-switzerland-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Monica N Wymann, Anne Spaar Zographos, Ekkehardt Altpeter, Virginie Masserey Spicher, Nicola Low, Mirjam Mäusezahl-Feuz
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to measure uptake of and factors associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination initiation and to determine whether HPV vaccination reduced the uptake of cervical cancer screening. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in a random sample of Swiss women aged 18-49 years in 2014 (N = 3588). RESULTS: Vaccination initiation was 69.3% and full coverage (three doses) 54.1% for 18-20-year olds, respectively, 42...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107654/effectiveness-of-varicella-vaccine-as-post-exposure-prophylaxis-during-a-varicella-outbreak-in-shanghai-china
#16
Qiang-Song Wu, Jing-Yi Liu, Xian Wang, Yuan-Fang Chen, Qi Zhou, An-Qi Wu, Lan Wang
OBJECTIVES: Varicella vaccine (VarV) is recommended as an effective post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) within 3-5days to control outbreaks. However, effectiveness of PEP >5days after exposure and administration of a second dose to one-dose recipients after exposure have not been fully examined. Here, we assessed vaccine effectiveness (VE) of PEP in preventing disease during a varicella outbreak in Shanghai, China in 2013. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were used to obtain students' varicella history, vaccination status and willingness to receive PEP...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107347/sex-differential-effects-of-diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis-vaccine-for-the-outcome-of-paediatric-admissions-a-hospital-based-observational-study-from-guinea-bissau
#17
Annemette Andersen, Morten Bjerregaard-Andersen, Amabelia Rodrigues, Paulo Umbasse, Ane Bærent Fisker
BACKGROUND: In spite of protection against the targeted infections, a large volume of observational data indicates that diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) vaccine may have a negative impact on overall childhood mortality in low-income countries, especially in girls. METHODS: In an observational study using data from Bandim Health Project's continuous registration of all admissions to the paediatric ward at the National Hospital Simão Mendes in Bissau, we investigated whether DTP was associated with higher female than male in-hospital mortality (female/male case fatality ratio (F/M CFR)) and whether the CFR comparing DTP-vaccinated and DTP-unvaccinated children differed by sex...
October 26, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103691/immunogenicity-and-protective-efficacy-of-inactivated-equine-influenza-h3n8-virus-vaccine-in-murine-model
#18
Selvaraj Pavulraj, Nitin Virmani, Bidhan Chandra Bera, Alok Joshi, Taruna Anand, Meenakshi Virmani, Rajendra Singh, Raj Kumar Singh, Bhupendra Nath Tripathi
Equine influenza viruses (EIVs) are responsible for acute contagious respiratory infection in equines and the disease remains a major threat for equine population throughout the world despite vaccination strategies in place. The present study was aimed to assess the suitability of BALB/c mice as a potential small animal model for preliminary screening of EI vaccine candidates. For this, we evaluated the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of an inactivated EIV (H3N8) vaccine in BALB/c mouse model after challenge with homologous H3N8 virus (Clade 2 virus, Florida sublineage) through serology, clinical signs, gross and histopathology lesions with grading, immunohistochemistry and virus quantification...
October 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102330/oral-vaccination-of-broiler-chickens-against-necrotic-enteritis-using-a-non-virulent-netb-positive-strain-of-clostridium-perfringens-type-a
#19
Neha Mishra, Joan A Smyth
Necrotic enteritis (NE) is a severe disease of chickens and turkeys caused by some strains of Clostridium perfringens type A. The disease is well controlled by the use of in-feed antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs). However, due to worldwide public and regulatory pressure to reduce the use of AGPs inter alia, there is an urgent need to develop non-antibiotic based preventative measures. Vaccination would be a suitable control measure, but currently there is no commercial vaccine. NetB (necrotic enteritis toxin B-like) is a pore-forming toxin produced by C...
November 1, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101525/pertussis-vaccination-among-childcare-center-staff-administrators-and-parents-uptake-policies-and-beliefs
#20
Terri Rebmann, Travis M Loux, Daphne Lew, Mary Wakefield
Introduction Little is known about childcare staff's and parents' uptake of and attitudes towards pertussis vaccine. Methods Questionnaires were distributed to St. Louis parents and childcare staff in fall, 2014. Parents versus staff and vaccinated versus unvaccinated individuals' beliefs regarding pertussis vaccine were compared using chi square tests. Multivariate logistic regressions were run to develop predictive models for staff's and parents' vaccine uptake. Results Overall, 351 parents and staff from 23 agencies participated (response rate = 32%)...
November 3, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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