keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Unvaccinated

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916276/individual-background-factors-associated-with-vaccination-for-seasonal-influenza-in-japanese-schoolchildren
#1
Mitsuo Uchida
There is little evidence about how individual background factors affect seasonal influenza vaccination of children. At the end of the 2014/2015 influenza season, a cross-sectional questionnaire survey of all elementary schoolchildren in 29 schools in Matsumoto City, Japan, was conducted to obtain information about vaccine uptake activity and individual background factors. Of the 10,524 subjects who responded, 5063 (48.1%) had been vaccinated. Grade in school, underlying disease, number of siblings, and diagnosis with and vaccination for influenza during the previous influenza season differed significantly in vaccinated and unvaccinated groups...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912394/-hpv-vaccination-program-the-history-and-recent-progress
#2
Hiroyuki Yoshikawa
Four years have passed since HPV vaccination "crisis" occurred in June 2013. In Japan,a publicly funded HPV vaccination program for adolescent females aged 12-16 years began in December 2010. However,the Japanese government withdrew its recommendation for HPV vaccination in June, 2013 because news reports on potential adverse effects of HPV vaccines without any medical evidence appeared repeatedly. The vaccination coverage among adolescent females decreased quickly from around 70%in females born between 1994 and 1999 to only 1%in females born since 2001 over the country...
September 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893974/field-study-on-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-intradermal-versus-intramuscular-vaccination-against-mycoplasma-hyopneumoniae
#3
Lisa Beffort, Christine Weiß, Kerstin Fiebig, Rika Jolie, Mathias Ritzmann, Matthias Eddicks
The present study compares the safety and efficacy of a needle-free, intradermal Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae vaccine to an intramuscular one. 420 piglets (21+3 days of age) were randomly assigned to two vaccination groups (intradermal vaccination V1 (n=138), intramuscular vaccination V2 (n=144)) and one unvaccinated control group (CG, n=138). As safety parameters clinical observations, local injection site reactions (ISR) and rectal temperatures were assessed. Average daily weight gain (ADWG) and pneumonic lung lesions (LL) were measured as efficacy parameters...
September 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893256/prime-boost-vaccination-with-attenuated-salmonella-typhimurium-%C3%AE-znuabc-and-inactivated-salmonella-choleraesuis-is-protective-against-salmonella-choleraesuis-challenge-infection-in-piglets
#4
Giovanni Loris Alborali, Jessica Ruggeri, Michele Pesciaroli, Nicola Martinelli, Barbara Chirullo, Serena Ammendola, Andrea Battistoni, Maria Cristina Ossiprandi, Attilio Corradi, Paolo Pasquali
BACKGROUND: Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis (S. Choleraesuis) infection causes a systemic disease in pigs. Vaccination could represent a solution to reduce prevalence in farms. In this study, we aimed to assess the efficacy of an attenuated strain of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium ΔznuABC) against S. Choleraesuis infection. The vaccination protocol combined priming with attenuated S. Typhimurium ΔznuABC vaccine and boost with an inactivated S. Choleraesuis vaccine and we compared the protection conferred to that induced by an inactivated S...
September 11, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888883/host-responses-and-bacterial-colonization-following-inoculation-of-pasteurella-multocida-p52-strain-into-unvaccinated-and-aluminum-hydroxide-gel-hemorrhagic-septicemia-vaccinated-mice
#5
Mamta Singh, Rishendra Verma, Ramane Sangram Pandit, Najeeb Ul Tarfain
Hemorrhagic septicemia is a highly infectious and contagious disease caused by Pasteurella multocida serogroup B:2 in tropical Asian and African countries. The acute inflammatory responses induced by Pasteurella multocida are the main cause of death in hemorrhagic septicemia. Therefore, present study was undertaken to examine the blood cytokine expression profiles (TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6), bacterial colonization and histopathological changes of intraperitoneally and subcutaneously challenged vaccinated and unvaccinated mice with 10(2) CFU of P...
September 6, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888648/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-a-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-prrs-modified-live-virus-vaccine-on-sow-reproductive-performance-in-endemic-prrs-farms
#6
Jiwoon Jeong, Seeun Kim, Kee Hwan Park, Ikjae Kang, Su-Jin Park, Changhoon Park, Chanhee Chae
The efficacy of a porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) modified-live virus vaccine in reproductive performance was evaluated under field conditions. Three PRRS endemic farms were selected based on their history of PRRS-associated reproductive failures. On each farm, a total of 40 sows were randomly allocated to either vaccinated (n=20) or unvaccinated (n=20) groups. Sows were vaccinated six weeks prior to breeding. Clinical data showed a significant improvement in reproductive performance in vaccinated sows...
September 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888638/the-response-of-red-deer-to-oral-administration-of-heat-inactivated-mycobacterium-bovis-and-challenge-with-a-field-strain
#7
Jobin Thomas, María Ángeles Risalde, Miriam Serrano, Iker Sevilla, Mariví Geijo, José Antonio Ortíz, Miguel Fuertes, José Francisco Ruíz-Fons, José de la Fuente, Lucas Domínguez, Ramón Juste, Joseba Garrido, Christian Gortázar
Deer species (family Cervidae) are often part of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex maintenance host community, and tuberculosis (TB) control in deer, including vaccination, is consequently an area of ongoing research. However, most research into deer vaccination against TB is focused on using the live bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG). Oral inactivated vaccines represent an interesting alternative to either oral or parenteral BCG, since neither diagnostic cross-reactions nor vaccine strain survival are likely to occur...
September 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885413/change-in-human-papillomavirus-prevalence-among-u-s-women-aged-18-59-years-2009-2014
#8
Abbey B Berenson, Jacqueline M Hirth, Mihyun Chang
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in prevalence of vaginal human papillomavirus (HPV) between 2009-2010 and 2013-2014 among both vaccinated and unvaccinated U.S. women. METHODS: We evaluated HPV prevalence among women 18-59 years old using cross-sectional survey data from three different cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Data were stratified into four age groups (18-26, 27-34, 35-44, and 45-49 years) to examine trends over time among women of different ages in the postvaccine era...
September 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865408/peptide-based-vaccines-derived-from-fc%C3%AE%C2%B5ri-beta-subunit-can-reduce-allergic-response-in-mice-model
#9
Ahad Zare, Ali Akbar Pourfathollah, Zahra Pourpak, Janos Szebeni, Seyed Mohammad Reza Ghaffari, Gholam Ali Kardar
Current therapeutic approaches in allergic diseases especially asthma generally focus on using immunological strategies. According to the importance of FceRI in controlling allergic response we used two extracellular regions of Fc epsilon receptor I (FceRI) beta subunit peptides to design two peptide-based vaccines. Probably these peptides vaccines by triggering the immune response to FceRI can reduce the allergic symptoms through blocking the IgE specific receptor. Two extracellular parts of FceRI beta subunit were made by peptide synthesizer and conjugated with keyhole limpet Hemocyanin...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863866/rethinking-number-needed-to-vaccinate-for-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-in-older-adults-current-and-future-implications
#10
John M McLaughlin, David L Swerdlow, Raul E Isturiz, Luis Jodar
BACKGROUND: Number-needed-to-vaccinate (NNV) is increasingly used to inform decisions about vaccine use, but it is not calculated uniformly across studies. This study compared two methodologies for calculating NNV with 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) to prevent one case of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) among US adults aged ≥65years: (i) using one-year absolute rate differences as was originally performed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and (ii) using absolute risk reduction over 5years...
September 25, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863468/effect-of-prepregnancy-pertussis-vaccination-in-young-infants
#11
Kirsten Maertens, Thao Mai Phuong Tran, Niel Hens, Pierre Van Damme, Elke Leuridan
Background: Maternal antibodies to pertussis can hamper infant immune responses to pertussis vaccines. The effect a maternal tetanus, diphtheria, acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine booster between 2 consecutive pregnancies is investigated. Methods: A prospective study was conducted in Belgium during 2008-2014 on the kinetics of maternal pertussis antibodies in unvaccinated women and their infants (group A; 86 mother-infant pairs) and in siblings born after the women received Tdap vaccine (group B; 58 mother-infant pairs)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859911/global-dynamics-of-a-mathematical-model-for-the-possible-re-emergence-of-polio
#12
Attila Dénes, László Székely
Motivated by studies warning about a possible re-emergence of poliomyelitis in Europe, we analyse a compartmental model for the transmission of polio describing the possible effect of unvaccinated people arriving to a region with low vaccination coverage. We calculate the basic reproduction number, and determine the global dynamics of the system: we show that, depending on the parameters, one of the two equilibria is globally asymptotically stable. The main tools applied are Lyapunov functions and persistence theory...
August 30, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857677/is-seasonal-vaccination-a-contributing-factor-to-the-selection-of-influenza-epidemic-variants
#13
Yong Chong, Hideyuki Ikematsu
Influenza A/H3N2 viruses are the most common and virulent subtypes for humans. Antigenic drift, changes in antigenicity through the accumulation of mutations in the hemagglutinin (HA) gene is chiefly responsible for the continuing circulation of A/H3N2 viruses, resulting in frequent updates of vaccine strains based on new variant analyses. In humans, these drift-related mutations are considered to be primarily caused by the immune pressure elicited by natural infection. Whether or not the immune pressure elicited by vaccination (vaccine pressure) can have a certain effect on drift-related mutations is unclear...
August 31, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857043/large-measles-outbreak-introduced-by-asylum-seekers-and-spread-among-the-insufficiently-vaccinated-resident-population-berlin-october-2014-to-august-2015
#14
Dirk Werber, Alexandra Hoffmann, Sabine Santibanez, Annette Mankertz, Daniel Sagebiel
The largest measles outbreak in Berlin since 2001 occurred from October 2014 to August 2015. Overall, 1,344 cases were ascertained, 86% (with available information) unvaccinated, including 146 (12%) asylum seekers. Median age was 17 years (interquartile range: 4-29 years), 26% were hospitalised and a 1-year-old child died. Measles virus genotyping uniformly revealed the variant 'D8-Rostov-Don' and descendants. The virus was likely introduced by and initially spread among asylum seekers before affecting Berlin's resident population...
August 24, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854812/a-narrative-engagement-framework-to-understand-hpv-vaccination-among-latina-and-vietnamese-women-in-a-planned-parenthood-setting
#15
Suellen Hopfer, Samantha Garcia, Huong T Duong, Jennefer A Russo, Sora P Tanjasiri
Disparities in cervical cancer and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination persist among Vietnamese and Latina women. Through a partnership with Planned Parenthood of Orange and San Bernardino Counties (PPOSBC) in Southern California, we conducted in-depth interviews with young adult Latina ( n = 24) and Vietnamese ( n = 24) women, and PPOSBC staff ( n = 2). We purposively sampled vaccinated women to elicit HPV vaccine decision narratives to uncover rich data on motivators, cultural values, and implicit vaccine attitudes...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853975/impact-of-a-web-site-based-educational-programme-for-increasing-vaccination-coverage-among-adolescents
#16
Susanna Esposito, Sonia Bianchini, Claudia Tagliabue, Giulia Umbrello, Barbara Madini, Giada Di Pietro, Nicola Principi
Data regarding the use of technology to improve adolescent knowledge on vaccines are scarce. The main aim of this study was to evaluate whether different web-based educational programmes for adolescents might increase their vaccination coverage. Overall, 917 unvaccinated adolescents (389 males, 42.4%; mean age ± standard deviation, 14.0 ± 2.2 years) were randomized 1:1:1 into the following groups: no intervention (n = 334), website educational programme only (n = 281), or web-site plus face to face lesson (n = 302) groups...
August 30, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852158/investigation-of-a-canine-parvovirus-outbreak-using-next-generation-sequencing
#17
Jayme Parker, Molly Murphy, Karsten Hueffer, Jack Chen
Canine parvovirus (CPV) outbreaks can have a devastating effect in communities with dense dog populations. The interior region of Alaska experienced a CPV outbreak in the winter of 2016 leading to the further investigation of the virus due to reports of increased morbidity and mortality occurring at dog mushing kennels in the area. Twelve rectal-swab specimens from dogs displaying clinical signs consistent with parvoviral-associated disease were processed using next-generation sequencing (NGS) methodologies by targeting RNA transcripts, and therefore detecting only replicating virus...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844636/factors-associated-with-routine-childhood-vaccine-uptake-and-reasons-for-non-vaccination-in-india-1998-2008
#18
Mark Rohit Francis, Hanna Nohynek, Heidi Larson, Vinohar Balraj, Venkata Raghava Mohan, Gagandeep Kang, J Pekka Nuorti
BACKGROUND: Despite almost three decades of the Universal Immunization Program in India, a little more than half the children aged 12-23months receive the full schedule of routine vaccinations. We examined socio-demographic factors associated with partial-vaccination and non-vaccination and the reasons for non-vaccination among Indian children during 1998 and 2008. METHODS: Data from three consecutive, nationally-representative, District Level Household and Facility Surveys (1998-99, 2002-04 and 2007-08) were pooled...
August 24, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843682/herd-level-prevalence-of-selected-endemic-infectious-diseases-of-dairy-cows-in-great-britain
#19
Martina Velasova, Angela Damaso, Bhagyalakshmi Chengat Prakashbabu, Jenny Gibbons, Nick Wheelhouse, David Longbottom, Steven Van Winden, Martin Green, Javier Guitian
To implement appropriate and effective disease control programs at the national level, up-to-date and unbiased information on disease frequency is needed. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of selected endemic infectious diseases in the population of dairy herds in Great Britain. Bulk milk tank (BMT) samples from 225 randomly selected dairy farms, stratified by region and herd size, were tested for antibodies against bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), bovine herpesvirus type 1, Mycobacterium avium ssp...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841084/human-papillomavirus-vaccination-and-pap-smear-uptake-among-young-women-in-the-united-states-role-of-provider-and-patient
#20
Fangjian Guo, Jacqueline M Hirth, Abbey B Berenson
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that Pap smear use is higher among U.S. women who received the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine than unvaccinated women. This study assessed the role of provider and patient in the difference of Pap smear use by vaccination status. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 5416 young women (21-30 years of age) with detailed information on Pap smear use and HPV vaccination status from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) 2013-2015...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
keyword
keyword
61965
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"