keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936395/population-based-report-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-born-very-preterm
#1
Giancarlo Natalucci, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Michael Von Rhein, Cristina Borradori Tolsa, Beatrice Latal, Mark Adams
BACKGROUND: As the survival rate of preterm infants constantly improves, knowledge on the impact of prematurity on long-term health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is important for clinical and parental guidance. We aimed to assess HRQoL in a national cohort of young adolescents born very preterm, and to identify predictors for poorer HRQoL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All surviving Swiss live-born children below 30weeks of gestation during the year 2000 (290 subjects) were contacted at age 12years, together with their parents (262 families)...
December 6, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935808/evidence-on-methylphenidate-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd-is-in-fact-of-very-low-quality
#2
O J Storebø, M Zwi, H B Krogh, C R Moreira-Maia, M Holmskov, D Gillies, C Groth, E Simonsen, C Gluud
Banaschewski and colleagues from the European Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) guideline group make a number of critical comments regarding our systematic review on methylphenidate for children and adolescents with ADHD. In this article, we present our views, showing that our trial selection was not flawed and was undertaken with scientific justification. Similarly, our data collection and interpretation was systematic and correct. We have followed a sound methodology for assessing risk of bias and our conclusions are not misleading...
November 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935807/methylphenidate-for-adhd-in-children-and-adolescents-throwing-the-baby-out-with-the-bathwater
#3
Tobias Banaschewski, Jan Buitelaar, Celine S L Chui, David Coghill, Samuele Cortese, Emily Simonoff, Ian C K Wong
A recent Cochrane review assessed the efficacy of methylphenidate for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents. Notwithstanding the moderate-to-large effect sizes for ADHD symptom reduction found in the meta-analysis, the authors concluded that the quality of the evidence is low and therefore the true magnitude of these effects remains uncertain. We identified a number of major concerns with the review, in the domains of study inclusion, approaches to quality assessment and interpretation of data relating to serious adverse events as well as of the clinical implications of the reported effects...
November 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935735/pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-properties-of-lisdexamfetamine-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#4
Lenard A Adler, Samuel Alperin, Terry Leon, Stephen V Faraone
BACKGROUND: Lisdexamfetamine (LDX) is a prodrug and consists of an active moiety, d-amphetamine, bound to lysine. Clinically, d-amphetamine becomes available postcleavage of the prodrug in the blood stream. Clinical effects of LDX in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been shown to persist up to 14 hours; however, pharmacokinetic (PK) data of LDX and amphetamine in ADHD adults are not currently available. OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine PK data of LDX and d-amphetamine in plasma and (2) to compare such PK data with Time-Sensitive ADHD Symptom Scale (TASS) ratings (PK vs...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933019/reduced-working-memory-mediates-the-link-between-early-institutional-rearing-and-symptoms-of-adhd-at-12-years
#5
Florin Tibu, Margaret A Sheridan, Katie A McLaughlin, Charles A Nelson, Nathan A Fox, Charles H Zeanah
Children who are raised in institutions show severe delays across multiple domains of development and high levels of psychopathology, including attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Low performance in executive functions (EFs) are also common in institutionally reared children and often do not remediate following improvements in the caregiving environment. ADHD symptomatology also remains elevated even after children are removed from institutional care and placed in families. We investigate whether poor EF is a mechanism explaining elevated rates of ADHD in children reared in institutional settings in the Bucharest Early Intervention Project (BEIP)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931908/the-efficacy-of-atomoxetine-in-treating-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-meta-analysis-of-controlled-trials
#6
Vinutha Ravishankar, Suresh Vedaveni Chowdappa, Vivek Benegal, Kesavan Muralidharan
Atomoxetine, a non-stimulant, is FDA approved drug used in the management of adult ADHD. Since the presentation of adult ADHD is different from the childhood onset condition, there is an urgent need to study the efficacy of atomoxetine on the different symptom domains of adult ADHD. To study the efficacy of atomoxetine in treating adult ADHD compared to placebo, we performed a Medline search for English language publications of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) comparing atomoxetine to placebo for adult ADHD using the keywords "adult ADHD", "atomoxetine" and "placebo"...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930499/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-prolonged-corrected-qt-interval-among-children-and-adolescents-treated-with-antipsychotic-medications-a-long-term-follow-up-in-a-real-world-population
#7
Inmaculada Palanca-Maresca, Belén Ruiz-Antorán, Gustavo Adolfo Centeno-Soto, Maria Azul Forti-Buratti, Ana Siles, Ana Usano, Cristina Avendaño-Solá
PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe the prevalence of corrected QT (QTc) interval disorders and the possible predisposing factors in children and adolescents treated with antipsychotic (AP) medications in a real-world population with a long-term follow-up. METHODS: Data were obtained from the SafEty of NeurolepTics in Infancy and Adolescence (SENTIA) registry (https://sentia.es). The SENTIA includes patients younger than 18 years who are currently taking or initiating treatment with AP medications and have agreed to participate in the registry...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928441/effects-of-a-selected-exercise-programon-executive-function-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
Memarmoghaddam M, Torbati Ht, Sohrabi M, Mashhadi A, Kashi A
Introduction. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a Selected exercise program on the executive function of children with ADHD. Method. The participants were 40 male students, aged 7-11 years. The participants were randomly assigned into two groups (experimental and control). The experimental group participated in an exercise program for 24 sessions, 90 minutes per session. The control group did not receive any intervention. Before and after the exercise period, all the participants were assessed with Stroop and Go-No-Go tests, and the resulting data were analyzed by using MANCOVA...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928244/theory-of-mind-in-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-in-euthymic-phase-%C3%A2-using-the-strange-stories-test
#9
Hamid Zarrabipoor, Mehdi Tehrani-Doost, Zahra Shahrivar
Objective: This study evaluated the theory of mind (ToM) in adolescents diagnosed with bipolar disorder ‎‎(BD) during their euthymic period compared to a typically developing (TD) group.‎ Method: The BD group consisted of thirty 11-18 year old inpatients in euthymic phase. The TD ‎group included 30 age, gender, and IQ matched volunteer students. To assess the diagnosis and ‎comorbid disorders, we performed the semi-structured interview of the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders ‎and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) for the BD adolescents...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924679/effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-as-adjunctive-therapy-to-methylphenidate-on-adhd-symptoms-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#10
Nakisa Mohammadpour, Shima Jazayeri, Mehdi Tehrani-Doost, Mahmoud Djalali, Mostafa Hosseini, Mohammad Effatpanah, Rozita Davari-Ashtiani, Elham Karami
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that serum levels of vitamin D were lower in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) children compared to healthy controls. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of vitamin D supplementation as adjunctive therapy to methylphenidate on symptoms of children with ADHD. METHODS: Sixty-two children aged 5-12 years with a diagnosis of ADHD based on DSM-IV criteria were randomly assigned into two groups to receive either 2000IU vitamin D or placebo in addition to methylphenidate for 8 weeks...
December 7, 2016: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924149/differences-in-real-world-executive-function-between-children-with-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-and-children-with-adhd
#11
Alessandra M Passarotti, Nidhi Trivedi, Liza Dominguez-Colman, Manharkumar Patel, Scott A Langenecker
BACKGROUND: Recent research evidence suggests that executive function (EF) is impaired in both pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD) and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), although the underlying cognitive mechanisms are still unclear. In this study we examined EF, including cognitive and emotional control, in three pediatric groups with overlapping symptoms. METHODS: Sixteen children and adolescents with PBD, 17 children and adolescents with ADHD, Type Combined, and 13 children and adolescents with PBD and comorbid ADHD (PBD+ADHD) (mean age=12...
2016: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924144/sleep-disturbances-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-comparative-study-with-healthy-siblings
#12
Sreelakshmi Vaidyanathan, Henal Shah, Tejas Gayal
OBJECTIVES: Sleep disturbances in children with ADHD impact their functioning and overall Quality of Life. This paper's purpose is to study the occurrence of sleep disturbances in children with ADHD, in comparison to their healthy siblings and further, within the ADHD group, to look for correlation between sleep disturbances and age, severity of symptoms, presentations of ADHD and illness parameters. METHODS: The parents of 120 children of age group between 5-16 years, (60 children diagnosed with ADHD as per DSM-5 criteria and 60 of their healthy siblings) consecutively enrolled from a hospital's Child Psychiatry Outpatient services were interviewed using Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) and severity of ADHD symptoms was rated using ADHD - RS...
2016: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922902/tic-symptoms-induced-by-atomoxetine-in-treatment-of-adhd-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Rongwang Yang, Rong Li, Weijia Gao, Zhengyan Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at increased risk for tic disorders. Atomoxetine (ATX) has been accepted as an alternative medication for patients with ADHD and a comorbid tic disorder. It is rarely reported that tic symptoms are induced by ATX. METHODS: This present report described a boy with ADHD who developed tic symptoms during ATX initiation. We used an ABAB trial to confirm the tics were related to ATX administration...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922632/a-phenome-wide-examination-of-neural-and-cognitive-function
#14
R A Poldrack, E Congdon, W Triplett, K J Gorgolewski, K H Karlsgodt, J A Mumford, F W Sabb, N B Freimer, E D London, T D Cannon, R M Bilder
This data descriptor outlines a shared neuroimaging dataset from the UCLA Consortium for Neuropsychiatric Phenomics, which focused on understanding the dimensional structure of memory and cognitive control (response inhibition) functions in both healthy individuals (130 subjects) and individuals with neuropsychiatric disorders including schizophrenia (50 subjects), bipolar disorder (49 subjects), and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (43 subjects). The dataset includes an extensive set of task-based fMRI assessments, resting fMRI, structural MRI, and high angular resolution diffusion MRI...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922243/late-diagnosed-phenylketonuria-in-an-eight-year-old-boy-with-dyslexia-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
Yılmaz Yıldız, Ali Dursun, Ayşegül Tokatlı, Turgay Coşkun, Hatice Serap Sivri
Phenylketonuria, previously a common cause of severe intellectual disability, is a metabolic disorder now promptly diagnosed and effectively treated thanks to newborn screening programs. Here, we report a male patient presenting with dyslexia and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, who was diagnosed with mild phenylketonuria at eight years of age. Earlier recognition and treatment before the establishment of irreversible brain damage would have resulted in better neurobehavioural outcomes. Classical phenylketonuria and milder phenotypes of phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency need to be considered in the differential diagnosis of all cognitive and behavioural problems of unknown cause...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921139/reduced-inattention-and-hyperactivity-and-improved-cognition-after-marine-oil-extract-pcso-524%C3%A2-supplementation-in-children-and-adolescents-with-clinical-and-subclinical-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo
#16
James D Kean, Jerome Sarris, Andrew Scholey, Richard Silberstein, Luke A Downey, Con Stough
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the effects of a marine oil extract (PCSO-524®) on inattention, hyperactivity, mood and cognition in children and adolescents. PCSO-524® is a standardised lipid extract of the New Zealand green-lipped mussel and is an inflammatory modulator that inhibits the 5'-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase pathways and decreases concentrations of the pro-inflammatory arachidonic acid (AA). METHODS: PCSO-524® or a matched placebo was administered for 14 weeks to 144 participants (123 males/21 females; mean age 8...
December 5, 2016: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920735/lower-sensitivity-to-happy-and-angry-facial-emotions-in-young-adults-with-psychiatric-problems
#17
Charlotte Vrijen, Catharina A Hartman, Gerine M A Lodder, Maaike Verhagen, Peter de Jonge, Albertine J Oldehinkel
Many psychiatric problem domains have been associated with emotion-specific biases or general deficiencies in facial emotion identification. However, both within and between psychiatric problem domains, large variability exists in the types of emotion identification problems that were reported. Moreover, since the domain-specificity of the findings was often not addressed, it remains unclear whether patterns found for specific problem domains can be better explained by co-occurrence of other psychiatric problems or by more generic characteristics of psychopathology, for example, problem severity...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920084/caffeine-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-adhd-at-the-age-of-11%C3%A2-years-a-birth-cohort-study
#18
Bianca Del-Ponte, Iná S Santos, Luciana Tovo-Rodrigues, Luciana Anselmi, Tiago N Munhoz, Alicia Matijasevich
OBJECTIVE: Studies evaluating caffeine intake during pregnancy and long-term outcomes, such as the child's neurobehaviour, are still scarce and their results are inconsistent. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the association between maternal consumption of caffeine during pregnancy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) at the age of 11 years. METHODOLOGY: All children born in the city of Pelotas, Brazil, during the year 2004, were selected for a cohort study...
December 5, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919700/exposure-to-sevoflurane-anesthesia-during-development-does-not-impair-aspects-of-attention-during-adulthood-in-rats
#19
Kathy L Murphy, Jill McGaughy, Paula L Croxson, Mark G Baxter
Exposure to general anesthetic agents during development has been associated with neurotoxicity and long-term behavioral impairments in rodents and non-human primates. The phenotype of anesthetic-induced cognitive impairment has a robust learning and memory component, however less is known about other psychological domains. Data from retrospective human patient studies suggest that children undergoing multiple procedures requiring general anesthesia are at increased risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder...
December 2, 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918536/genome-wide-analyses-for-personality-traits-identify-six-genomic-loci-and-show-correlations-with-psychiatric-disorders
#20
Min-Tzu Lo, David A Hinds, Joyce Y Tung, Carol Franz, Chun-Chieh Fan, Yunpeng Wang, Olav B Smeland, Andrew Schork, Dominic Holland, Karolina Kauppi, Nilotpal Sanyal, Valentina Escott-Price, Daniel J Smith, Michael O'Donovan, Hreinn Stefansson, Gyda Bjornsdottir, Thorgeir E Thorgeirsson, Kari Stefansson, Linda K McEvoy, Anders M Dale, Ole A Andreassen, Chi-Hua Chen
Personality is influenced by genetic and environmental factors and associated with mental health. However, the underlying genetic determinants are largely unknown. We identified six genetic loci, including five novel loci, significantly associated with personality traits in a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (N = 123,132-260,861). Of these genome-wide significant loci, extraversion was associated with variants in WSCD2 and near PCDH15, and neuroticism with variants on chromosome 8p23.1 and in L3MBTL2...
December 5, 2016: Nature Genetics
keyword
keyword
61964
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"