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Geriatric medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635090/geriatric-medicine-an-introduction-g-caplan-ed-ip-communications-melbourne-2014-isbn-978-0-98729505-4-0-paperback-a-85-00
#1
Nicole Jane Brooke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625930/the-geriatric-medicine-rolled-around-to-the-four-winds
#2
Gilles Berrut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619861/geriatrics-and-the-legal-system
#3
Stephanie C Yarnell, Paul D Kirwin, Howard V Zonana
Correctional systems, already struggling to meet the basic and functional requirements of older prisoners, will be further challenged by the increasing medical and psychiatric needs of this population. Mental health and general medical care for older adults requires specific on-site or consultation expertise in geriatric medicine and psychiatry, as well as potential changes in infrastructure, both of which may be prohibitively expensive. However, compassionate and effective treatment of older prisoners requires that prison and legal systems facilitate this expert care...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615007/rhythm-centred-music-making-in-community-living-elderly-a-randomized-pilot-study
#4
Angela Frances Yap, Yu Heng Kwan, Chuen Seng Tan, Syed Ibrahim, Seng Bin Ang
BACKGROUND: Quality of life has become an important aspect in the measurement of the health of an individual as the population ages. Rhythm-centred music making (RMM) has been shown to improve physical, psychological and social health. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of RMM on quality of life, depressive mood, sleep quality and social isolation in the elderly. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial with cross over was conducted. 54 participants were recruited with 27 participants in each arm...
June 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614541/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-dementia-among-final-year-medical-students-in-brazil
#5
Alessandro Ferrari Jacinto, Vanessa de Albuquerque Citero, José Luiz de Lima, Paulo José Fortes Villas Boas, Adriana Polachini do Valle, Ananda Ghelfi Raza Leite
Objective: Among all countries, Brazil is expected to have the sixth largest elderly population in 2025. Dementia syndromes are prominent among aging-related diseases. Despite the necessity of and curriculum for training in geriatric medicine to make recommendations on an approach to this theme, adequate training appears to be infrequent. The present study aimed to evaluate the knowledge about dementia and students' attitude towards it during the last semester of the medical course in two of the most important Brazilian medical schools...
April 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612089/the-intensive-care-delirium-research-agenda-a-multinational-interprofessional-perspective
#6
REVIEW
Pratik P Pandharipande, E Wesley Ely, Rakesh C Arora, Michele C Balas, Malaz A Boustani, Gabriel Heras La Calle, Colm Cunningham, John W Devlin, Julius Elefante, Jin H Han, Alasdair M MacLullich, José R Maldonado, Alessandro Morandi, Dale M Needham, Valerie J Page, Louise Rose, Jorge I F Salluh, Tarek Sharshar, Yahya Shehabi, Yoanna Skrobik, Arjen J C Slooter, Heidi A B Smith
Delirium, a prevalent organ dysfunction in critically ill patients, is independently associated with increased morbidity. This last decade has witnessed an exponential growth in delirium research in hospitalized patients, including those critically ill, and this research has highlighted that delirium needs to be better understood mechanistically to help foster research that will ultimately lead to its prevention and treatment. In this invited, evidence-based paper, a multinational and interprofessional group of clinicians and researchers from within the fields of critical care medicine, psychiatry, pediatrics, anesthesiology, geriatrics, surgery, neurology, nursing, pharmacy, and the neurosciences sought to address five questions: (1) What is the current standard of care in managing ICU delirium? (2) What have been the major recent advances in delirium research and care? (3) What are the common delirium beliefs that have been challenged by recent trials? (4) What are the remaining areas of uncertainty in delirium research? (5) What are some of the top study areas/trials to be done in the next 10 years? Herein, we briefly review the epidemiology of delirium, the current best practices for management of critically ill patients at risk for delirium or experiencing delirium, identify recent advances in our understanding of delirium as well as gaps in knowledge, and discuss research opportunities and barriers to implementation, with the goal of promoting an integrated research agenda...
June 13, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610755/epistemological-erasure-the-subject-of-abuse-in-the-problematization-of-elder-abuse
#7
Bridget Garnham, Lia Bryant
The academic field of literature pertaining to elder abuse emerges largely from gerontology with contributions from a variety of disciplines including geriatric medicine, nursing, public health, law, psychology, sociology and social work. This paper presents a critical review of articles drawn from this literature to identify current directions leading the development of empirical research in this field. The objective measurement of prevalence, the identification and correlation of psycho-social risk factors and practice-based research oriented to intervention and prevention are identified as privileged sites for scientific investigation...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607235/meeting-the-current-and-future-health-care-needs-of-sri-lanka-s-ageing-population
#8
Dilhar Samaraweera, Shiromi Maduwage
Sri Lanka is one of the fastest-ageing countries in the world. This rapid demographic transition is expected to result in one quarter of the population being elderly by the year 2041. Profound challenges face the country as a result, especially with respect to planning adequate elderly-oriented services in the social-care and health-care sectors. In response to this need, many initiatives have been put in place to promote and protect the welfare of older people, and these rights have been inscribed in law. Within the health sector, despite the wealth of policies and initiatives in recent years, it is clear that the existing health infrastructure and systems still require strengthening, reorientation and coordination, to meet the needs of the growing population of elderly individuals...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595686/attitudes-of-nursing-facilities-staff-toward-pharmacy-students-interaction-with-its-residents
#9
Donna Adkins, Paul Gavaza, Sharon Deel
OBJECTIVE: All Appalachian College of Pharmacy second-year students undertake the longitudinal geriatric early pharmacy practice experiences (EPPE) 2 course, which involves interacting with geriatric residents in two nursing facilities over two semesters. The study investigated the nursing staff's perceptions about the rotation and the pharmacy students' interaction with nursing facility residents. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Academic setting...
June 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595684/marijuana-use-in-the-elderly-implications-and-considerations
#10
Tracy D Mahvan, Michelle L Hilaire, Allison Mann, Antoinette Brown, Becky Linn, Taylor Gardner, Beryen Lai
OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the literature on the use of marijuana in the elderly. Pharmacists play an important role in the management of medications including drug use of potentially illegal drugs, including marijuana. The use of both recreational and medical marijuana has grown exponentially in the general population, including in older adults. As of 2017, marijuana for medical use is legal in 26 states and the District of Columbia. DATA SOURCES: PubMed and Internet search using the following terms: marijuana, cannabis, delta-9-tetrhydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol, cannabinoid, elderly, geriatric, and pharmacology...
June 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587850/frailty-and-risk-of-adverse-outcomes-in-hospitalized-older-adults-a%C3%A2-comparison-of-different-frailty-measures
#11
Edward Chong, Esther Ho, Jewel Baldevarona-Llego, Mark Chan, Lynn Wu, Laura Tay
OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of data for the assessment of frailty in acutely ill hospitalized older adults. We aim to (1) compare the performance of frailty measures [5-item scale of fatigue, resistance, ambulation, illnesses, and loss of weight) (FRAIL), Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI), and Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS)] in identifying frailty, using the widely adopted Frailty Index (FI) as "gold standard," and (2) compare their ability to predict negative outcomes among hospitalized older adults...
June 3, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586939/-urgent-visits-to-nursing-homes-a-general-practitioner-s-perspective
#12
Markus Bleckwenn, David Ashrafnia, Rieke Schnakenberg, Klaus Weckbecker
Aim of the study Due to demographic changes, home visits to nursing care facilities are increasing. Urgent home visits represent a challenge for general practitioners. There are no recommendations for the implementation of urgent home visits. Therefore, in this study, we investigated how GP practices deal with urgent home visits and what improvements can be made to the medical emergency care. Methods A total of 15 teaching doctors of the Department of Family Medicine at the University of Bonn were interviewed using semi-structured interviews on the subject...
June 6, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577045/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-drug-associated-corrected-qt-prolongation-in-elderly-hospitalized-patients-results-of-a-retrospective-analysis-of-data-obtained-over-6%C3%A2-months
#13
Ophélie Maison, Blandine de la Gastine, Laurent Dayot, Sylvain Goutelle
OBJECTIVES: Little information exists on the frequency and determinants of drug-associated long QT syndrome in older adults. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence and identify risk factors of drug-associated long QT syndrome in a population of elderly hospitalized patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective study performed over 6 months in hospital geriatric medicine. Various QT-correction equations were fitted to the individual QT-RR data to evaluate the most appropriate equation...
June 2, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571163/utilization-pattern-of-potentially-inappropriate-medications-in-geriatric-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-a-retrospective-observational-study
#14
Rajal Sudhir Narvekar, Nikhil Narayan Bhandare, Jonathan Joaquim Gouveia, Padma Narayan Bhandare
INTRODUCTION: Geriatric population is on the rise throughout the world, hence the quality and the safety of prescribing in the elderly is a global healthcare concern. It is important for the healthcare providers to be aware of the limitations in prescribing certain drugs to the elderly. This study was an attempt to shed light on the utilization pattern of Potentially Inappropriate Medications (PIMs) in elderly patients admitted in the medicine wards in a tertiary care hospital in Goa...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556195/use-of-nystatin-and-chlorhexidine-in-oral-medicine-properties-indications-and-pitfalls-with-focus-on-geriatric-patients
#15
REVIEW
Elusa Scheibler, Maria Claudia Rosa Garcia, Renata Medina da Silva, Maria Antonia Figueiredo, Fernanda Gonçalves Salum, Karen Cherubini
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to review the scientific literature on the properties, indications and pitfalls related to nystatin and chlorhexidine in oral medicine and also to compare these to other topical antifungal agents, considering the elderly population. BACKGROUND: Nystatin is a polyene antifungal widely used as a topical formulation to treat candidiasis, whereas chlorhexidine is a wide-spectrum antimicrobial, especially used against bacteria, but also effective in treating some fungal infections including those caused by Candida spp...
May 29, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555704/transdisciplinary-research-in-frailty-knowledge-translation-to-inform-new-models-of-care
#16
M Archibald, A Kitson, D Frewin, R Visvanathan
Transforming care for frail older adults requires more than rigorous research. While preventing, identifying and managing frailty are critical to reducing the personal and health systems impact of frailty worldwide, collaborative approaches to research and research application that reflect stakeholder perspectives and priorities are necessary to create meaningful solutions to frailty-related challenges. In South Australia, a new Centre for Research Excellence in Frailty was recently launched with funding from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543372/hematologic-and-biochemical-ris-for-an-aged-population-of-captive-african-green-monkeys-chlorocebus-aethiops-sabaeus
#17
Elizabeth M Scallan, Saundra H Sample, Amy M Beierschmitt, Roberta M Palmour
BACKGROUND: Established RIs for geriatric African Green monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops sabaeus) are critical for clinical differentiation of normal aging from disease-related changes in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish hematologic and serum biochemical RIs for a Caribbean captive population of geriatric (≥ 15 years of age) African Green monkeys, or Vervets. METHODS: Inclusion and exclusion criteria were defined for a cohort of 109 healthy, aged (15- to 30-year-old, median 19-year-old) Vervets...
May 19, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513843/meeting-the-need-for-training-in-geriatrics-the-geriatrics-education-for-specialty-residents-program
#18
Myron Miller, Ronnie A Rosenthal
The imperative created by increasing numbers of aging Americans coupled with increasing longevity has generated recognition and acceptance within american medicine that education, from medical school through postgraduate training through continuing medical education, must include appropriate knowledge and skills in aging and geriatrics to provide for effective care of older adults. Such education and training is necessary not only for traditional primary care providers, but also for specialty physicians, including those in most surgical specialties and in related fields such as anesthesiology, emergency medicine and physical medicine and rehabilitation...
May 17, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503462/predictors-for-depressive-mood-in-geriatric-patients-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#19
Je Kyung Kim, Na Young Kim, Yong Wook Kim
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors for depressive mood in geriatric patients after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: A retrospective review of patients' medical charts was performed in TBI patients who were older than 60 years and referred to the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine at Severance Hospital in 2002-2016. The patients were classified into two groups based on the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS): non-depressive group (0≤GDS≤16) and depressive group (17≤GDS≤30)...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491913/teaching-our-doctors-to-care-for-the-elderly-a-geriatrics-needs-assessment-targeting-internal-medicine-residents
#20
Ramy Sedhom, David Barile
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
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