keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Latent membrane protein 1

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333576/epstein-barr-virus-lytic-reactivation-activates-b-cells-polyclonally-and-induces-activation-induced-cytidine-deaminase-expression-a-mechanism-underlying-autoimmunity-and-its-contribution-to-graves-disease
#1
Keiko Nagata, Keisuke Kumata, Yuji Nakayama, Yukio Satoh, Hirotsugu Sugihara, Sayuri Hara, Michiko Matsushita, Satoshi Kuwamoto, Masako Kato, Ichiro Murakami, Kazuhiko Hayashi
Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease that results in and is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism, and the reactivation of persisting Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in B lymphocytes induces the differentiation of host B cells into plasma cells. We previously reported that some EBV-infected B cells had thyrotropin receptor antibodies (TRAbs) as surface immunoglobulins (Igs), and EBV reactivation induced these TRAb+EBV+ cells to produce TRAbs. EBV reactivation induces Ig production from host B cells. The purpose of the present study was to examine total Ig productions from B cell culture fluids and to detect activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID), nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), and EBV latent membrane protein (LMP) 1 in culture B cells during EBV reactivation induction and then we discussed the mechanisms of EBV reactivation-induced Ig production in relation to autoimmunity...
March 23, 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328987/a-novel-recombinant-variant-of-latent-membrane-protein-1-from-epstein-barr-virus-in-argentina-denotes-phylogeographical-association
#2
Magdalena Gantuz, Mario Alejandro Lorenzetti, Paola Andrea Chabay, María Victoria Preciado
AIM: To study LMP1 variants distribution among children with EBV+ malignant and benign conditions as well as in healthy carriers. METHODS: Oral secretions and blood cells from 31 children with IM, and biopsies from 14 EBV+ reactive lymphoid hyperplasia and 33 EBV+ lymphomas were included. LMP1 was amplified by nested PCR and sequenced. Phylogenetic reconstructions were made under Maximun Likelihood, Bayesian and coalescent algorithms. RESULTS: Six clades were defined (China1, China2, Med-, Alaskan, B95...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228321/immunization-of-bighorn-sheep-against-mannheimia-haemolytica-with-a-bovine-herpesvirus-1-vectored-vaccine
#3
Sai A Batra, Sudarvili Shanthalingam, Gaetano Donofrio, Gary J Haldorson, Shafiqul Chowdhury, Stephen N White, Subramaniam Srikumaran
Mannheimia haemolytica is an important pathogen of pneumonia in bighorn sheep (BHS), consistently causing 100% mortality under experimental conditions. Leukotoxin is the critical virulence factor of M. haemolytica. In a 'proof of concept' study, a vaccine containing leukotoxin and surface antigens of M. haemolytica induced 100% protection in BHS, but required multiple booster doses. Vaccination of wildlife is difficult. BHS, however, can be vaccinated at the time of transplantation, but administration of booster doses is impossible...
February 19, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179525/differentiation-dependent-lmp1-expression-is-required-for-efficient-lytic-ebv-reactivation-in-epithelial-cells
#4
Dhananjay M Nawandar, Makoto Ohashi, Reza Djavadian, Elizabeth Barlow, Kathleen Makielski, Ahmed Ali, Denis Lee, Paul F Lambert, Eric Johannsen, Shannon C Kenney
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated diseases of epithelial cells, including tumors such as nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) that have latent infection, and oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL) lesions that have lytic infection, frequently express the viral latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1). In lytically-infected cells, LMP1 expression is activated by the BRLF1 (R) immediate-early (IE) protein. However, the mechanisms by which LMP1 expression is normally regulated in epithelial cells remain poorly understood, and its potential roles in regulating lytic reactivation in epithelial cells are as yet unexplored...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099729/maternal-c-reactive-protein-and-oxidative-stress-markers-as-predictors-of-delivery-latency-in-patients-experiencing-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes
#5
Hyun Kyung Ryu, Jong Ho Moon, Hyun Ji Heo, Jong Woon Kim, Yoon Ha Kim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of maternal serum c-reactive protein (CRP), lipid peroxide, and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), to predict the interval between membrane rupture and delivery in patients with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). METHODS: The present prospective study included patients with singleton pregnancies experiencing PPROM at earlier than 34 weeks of pregnancy who underwent spontaneous vaginal delivery between August 1, 2010 and July 31, 2013 at Chonnam National University Hospital, Republic of Korea...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098136/exome-and-genome-sequencing-of-nasopharynx-cancer-identifies-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-activating-mutations
#6
Yvonne Y Li, Grace T Y Chung, Vivian W Y Lui, Ka-Fai To, Brigette B Y Ma, Chit Chow, John K S Woo, Kevin Y Yip, Jeongsun Seo, Edwin P Hui, Michael K F Mak, Maria Rusan, Nicole G Chau, Yvonne Y Y Or, Marcus H N Law, Peggy P Y Law, Zoey W Y Liu, Hoi-Lam Ngan, Pok-Man Hau, Krista R Verhoeft, Peony H Y Poon, Seong-Keun Yoo, Jong-Yeon Shin, Sau-Dan Lee, Samantha W M Lun, Lin Jia, Anthony W H Chan, Jason Y K Chan, Paul B S Lai, Choi-Yi Fung, Suet-Ting Hung, Lin Wang, Ann Margaret V Chang, Simion I Chiosea, Matthew L Hedberg, Sai-Wah Tsao, Andrew C van Hasselt, Anthony T C Chan, Jennifer R Grandis, Peter S Hammerman, Kwok-Wai Lo
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is an aggressive head and neck cancer characterized by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and dense lymphocyte infiltration. The scarcity of NPC genomic data hinders the understanding of NPC biology, disease progression and rational therapy design. Here we performed whole-exome sequencing (WES) on 111 micro-dissected EBV-positive NPCs, with 15 cases subjected to further whole-genome sequencing (WGS), to determine its mutational landscape. We identified enrichment for genomic aberrations of multiple negative regulators of the NF-κB pathway, including CYLD, TRAF3, NFKBIA and NLRC5, in a total of 41% of cases...
January 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069200/effects-of-low-intensity-ultrasound-on-the-growth-cell-membrane-permeability-and-ethanol-tolerance-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#7
Chunhua Dai, Feng Xiong, Ronghai He, Weiwei Zhang, Haile Ma
Effects of low-intensity ultrasound (at different frequency, treatment time and power) on Saccharomyces cerevisiae in different growth phase were evaluated by the biomass in the paper. In addition, the cell membrane permeability and ethanol tolerance of sonicated Saccharomyces cerevisiae were also researched. The results revealed that the biomass of Saccharomyces cerevisiae increased by 127.03% under the optimum ultrasonic conditions such as frequency 28kHz, power 140W/L and ultrasonic time 1h when Saccharomyces cerevisiae cultured to the latent anaphase...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053105/epstein-barr-virus-encoded-latent-membrane-protein-1-upregulates-glucose-transporter-1-transcription-via-the-mtorc1-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathways
#8
Jun Zhang, Lin Jia, Weitao Lin, Yim Ling Yip, Kwok Wai Lo, Victoria Ming Yi Lau, Dandan Zhu, Chi Man Tsang, Yuan Zhou, Wen Deng, Hong Lok Lung, Maria Li Lung, Lai Man Cheung, Sai Wah Tsao
Accumulating evidence indicates that oncogenic viral protein plays a crucial role in activating aerobic glycolysis during tumorigenesis, but the underlying mechanisms are largely undefined. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is a transmembrane protein with potent cell signaling properties and has tumorigenic transformation property. Activation of NF-κB is a major signaling pathway mediating many downstream transformation properties of LMP1. Here we report that activation of mTORC1 by LMP1 is a key modulator for activation of NF-κB signaling to mediate aerobic glycolysis...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039301/il-6-inhibits-upregulation-of-membrane-bound-tgf-%C3%AE-1-on-cd4-t-cells-and-blocking-il-6-enhances-oral-tolerance
#9
Chantal Kuhn, Rafael Machado Rezende, Hanane M'Hamdi, Andre Pires da Cunha, Howard L Weiner
Oral administration of Ag induces regulatory T cells that express latent membrane-bound TGF-β (latency-associated peptide [LAP]) and have been shown to play an important role in the induction of oral tolerance. We developed an in vitro model to study modulation of LAP(+) on CD4(+) T cells. The combination of anti-CD3 mAb, anti-CD28 mAb, and recombinant IL-2 induced expression of LAP on naive CD4(+) T cells, independent of Foxp3 or exogenous TGF-β. In vitro generated CD4(+)LAP(+)Foxp3(-) T cells were suppressive in vitro, inhibiting proliferation of naive CD4(+) T cells and IL-17A secretion by Th17 cells...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009988/a-neutralized-human-lmp1-igg-inhibits-enktl-growth-by-suppressing-the-jak3-stat3-signaling-pathway
#10
Yuan Mao, Jun Wang, Mingzhi Zhang, Weifei Fan, Qi Tang, Siping Xiong, Xiaojun Tang, Juqing Xu, Lin Wang, Shu Yang, Suyao Liu, Li Xu, Yan Chen, Lin Xu, Rong Yin, Jin Zhu
Latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1), which is associated with the development of different types of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) related lymphoma, has been suggested to be an important oncoprotein. In this study, a human anti-LMP1 IgG antibody (LMP1-IgG) was constructed and characterized by ELISA, western blotting (WB), affinity and immunohistochemistry (IHC) analyses. CCK-8, MTT, apoptosis assays, antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) and CDC (complement-dependent cytotoxicity) assays were performed to evaluate the inhibitory effects of LMP1-IgG on extranodal nasal-type natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL)...
December 20, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982024/epstein-barr-virus-positive-follicular-lymphoma
#11
Nicholas Mackrides, German Campuzano-Zuluaga, Yvan Maque-Acosta, Adrienne Moul, Nouf Hijazi, Francis Offiong Ikpatt, Ronald Levy, Ramiro E Verdun, Kranthi Kunkalla, Yasodha Natkunam, Izidore S Lossos, Francisco Vega, Jennifer Chapman
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) -associated follicular lymphoma is only rarely reported. Herein, we report the largest series analyzing prevalence and clinicopathologic characteristics of EBV-associated follicular lymphoma occurring in unselected cases. Out of 382 analyzed cases, 10 EBV-positive follicular lymphomas were identified (prevalence=2.6%, 95% confidence interval 1.3-4.0%). All EBV-positive follicular lymphomas showed EBV-encoded small RNA-positive lymphoma cells present in a follicular distribution. Of these, eight also had tissue available for testing of expression of latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1), out of which six (75%) were positive...
December 16, 2016: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974566/cd63-regulates-epstein-barr-virus-lmp1-exosomal-packaging-enhancement-of-vesicle-production-and-noncanonical-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling
#12
Stephanie N Hurwitz, Dingani Nkosi, Meghan M Conlon, Sara B York, Xia Liu, Deanna C Tremblay, David G Meckes
Latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded oncoprotein that is packaged into small extracellular vesicles (EVs) called exosomes. Trafficking of LMP1 into multivesicular bodies (MVBs) alters the content and function of exosomes. LMP1-modified exosomes enhance the growth, migration, and invasion of malignant cells, demonstrating the capacity to manipulate the tumor microenvironment and enhance the progression of EBV-associated cancers. Despite the growing evidence surrounding the significance of LMP1-modified exosomes in cancer, very little is understood about the mechanisms that orchestrate LMP1 incorporation into these vesicles...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926490/positive-regulation-of-taz-expression-by-ebv-lmp1-contributes-to-cell-proliferation-and-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#13
Jiang He, Feiyu Tang, Liyu Liu, Lin Chen, Jiang Li, Danming Ou, Lu Zhang, Zhi Li, Deyun Feng, Wenzheng Li, Lun-Quan Sun
The Epstein-Barr virus latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is an integral membrane protein. LMP1 has been reported to activate the NF-κB and mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways. However, these effects alone are unable to account for the profound oncogenic properties of LMP1. TAZ is one of the nuclear effectors of Hippo-related pathways and highly expressed in many human tumors. Here, we reported that TAZ was frequently expressed in LMP1-positive nasopharyngeal carcinoma. In NPC cell lines, we showed that LMP1 promoted TAZ expression...
December 2, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926486/novel-epstein-barr-virus-like-particles-incorporating-gh-gl-ebna1-or-gb-lmp2-induce-high-neutralizing-antibody-titers-and-ebv-specific-t-cell-responses-in-immunized-mice
#14
Elizabeth M Perez, Joslyn Foley, Timelia Tison, Rute Silva, Javier Gordon Ogembo
Previous Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) prophylactic vaccines based on the major surface glycoprotein gp350/220 as an immunogen have failed to block viral infection in humans, suggesting a need to target other viral envelope glycoproteins. In this study, we reasoned that incorporating gH/gL or gB, critical glycoproteins for viral fusion and entry, on the surface of a virus-like particle (VLP) would be more immunogenic than gp350/220 for generating effective neutralizing antibodies to prevent viral infection of both epithelial and B cell lines...
December 1, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900085/id1-upregulation-and-foxo3a-downregulation-by-epstein-barr-virus-encoded-lmp1-in-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#15
Jun-Ichiro Ikeda, Naoki Wada, Satoshi Nojima, Shinichiro Tahara, Yoko Tsuruta, Kaori Oya, Eiichi Morii
Cancer-initiating cells (CICs) are specialized cells that have the ability to self-renew and are multipotent. We recently demonstrated that Forkhead box O3a (FoxO3a)-expressing cells exhibited a CIC-like potential in Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL). A proportion of HL patients are infected with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). EBV-encoded latent membrane protein (LMP) 1 downregulates FoxO3a, suggesting that FoxO3a expression may be abolished in EBV-positive HL. Inhibitors of DNA-binding (ID) proteins are highly conserved transcription factors mediating stem cell functions...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873282/ebv-directed-t-cell-therapeutics-for-ebv-associated-lymphomas
#16
Lauren P McLaughlin, Stephen Gottschalk, Cliona M Rooney, Catherine M Bollard
Epstein Barr virus (EBV) is a human gamma herpes virus that establishes latency in B cells after primary infection. EBV generally only causes a mild, self-limiting viral illness but is also associated with several malignancies including posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder in the immunosuppressed host as well as Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the immune competent host. The expression of EBV antigens by lymphoma has important applications as targets for adoptive T cell therapy. However, as many lymphomas only express subdominant EBV antigens that are less immunogenic, novel strategies are needed to manufacture EBV-specific T cell products specific for Latent Membrane Protein 1 (LMP1) and LMP2, which are expressed in lymphomas with type II and III latency...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845040/a-human-fab-exclusively-binding-to-the-extracellular-domain-of-lmp2a
#17
Qing Cao, Dawei Zhang, Yuan Mao, Chanfang Meng, Jin Zhu, Zhenqing Feng, Renjie Chen
In the areas of North Africa, Southeast Asia as well as South China, Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is among the most widespread cancers. Plenty of research findings confirmed that Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) played a crucial role in NPC. EBV-encoded Latent membrane protein 2A (LMP2A) which continuously expressed in cell membrane protein induced an epithelial-mesenchymal transition and increased the number of side population stem-like cancer cells in NPC. This reveals that LMP2A could contribute to the development and recurrence in NPC...
January 8, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819673/lmp1-signaling-pathway-activates-irf4-in-latent-ebv-infection-and-a-positive-circuit-between-pi3k-and-src-is-required
#18
L Wang, J Ren, G Li, J P Moorman, Z Q Yao, S Ning
Interferon (IFN) regulatory factors (IRFs) have crucial roles in immune regulation and oncogenesis. We have recently shown that IRF4 is activated through c-Src-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation in virus-transformed cells. However, the intracellular signaling pathway triggering Src activation of IRF4 remains unknown. In this study, we provide evidence that Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) promotes IRF4 phosphorylation and markedly stimulates IRF4 transcriptional activity, and that Src mediates LMP1 activation of IRF4...
November 7, 2016: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794039/visualization-of-dna-g-quadruplexes-in-herpes-simplex-virus-1-infected-cells
#19
Sara Artusi, Rosalba Perrone, Sara Lago, Paolo Raffa, Enzo Di Iorio, Giorgio Palù, Sara N Richter
We have previously shown that clusters of guanine quadruplex (G4) structures can form in the human herpes simplex-1 (HSV-1) genome. Here we used immunofluorescence and immune-electron microscopy with a G4-specific monoclonal antibody to visualize G4 structures in HSV-1 infected cells. We found that G4 formation and localization within the cells was virus cycle dependent: viral G4s peaked at the time of viral DNA replication in the cell nucleus, moved to the nuclear membrane at the time of virus nuclear egress and were later found in HSV-1 immature virions released from the cell nucleus...
December 1, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793268/spontaneous-metastases-in-immunocompetent-mice-harboring-a-primary-tumor-driven-by-oncogene-latent-membrane-protein-1-from-epstein-barr-virus
#20
Pu-Yuan Chang, Yenlin Huang, Tzu-Yuan Hung, Kowit-Yu Chong, Yu-Sun Chang, Chuck C-K Chao, Kai-Ping N Chow
BACKGROUND: In vitro and clinical studies suggest that the oncogene LMP1 (latent membrane protein 1) encoded by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) plays a role in the development of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and the formation of metastases in immunocompetent individuals. However, whether LMP1 itself is sufficient to drive these events in immunocompetent hosts remains elusive due to the lack of appropriate experimental models. The aim of this study was to study LMP1-dependent tumorigenesis and metastasis in BALB/c mice inoculated with BALB/c-3T3 cells expressing N-LMP1 (a Taiwanese NPC variant)...
August 2016: Biomedical Journal
keyword
keyword
61953
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"