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Latent membrane protein 1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732079/lmp1-mediated-glycolysis-induces-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cell-expansion-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#1
Ting-Ting Cai, Shu-Biao Ye, Yi-Na Liu, Jia He, Qiu-Yan Chen, Hai-Qiang Mai, Chuan-Xia Zhang, Jun Cui, Xiao-Shi Zhang, Pierre Busson, Yi-Xin Zeng, Jiang Li
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are expanded in tumor microenvironments, including that of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The link between MDSC expansion and EBV infection in NPC is unclear. Here, we show that EBV latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) promotes MDSC expansion in the tumor microenvironment by promoting extra-mitochondrial glycolysis in malignant cells, which is a scenario for immune escape initially suggested by the frequent, concomitant detection of abundant LMP1, glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) and CD33+ MDSCs in tumor sections...
July 21, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730175/role-of-epstein-barr-virus-in-the-development-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#2
Hui Zhang, Jing Wang, Dan Yu, Yan Liu, Kai Xue, Xue Zhao
Southern China experiences larger extent of total cancer pathologies, of which nasopharyngeal carcinoma has the highest incidence under otorhinolaryngeal malignant carcinomas. Risk factor of nasopharyngeal carcinoma varies from hereditary causes to virus infection, among which Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is the mostly investigated. The study into mechanism of EBV in occurrence, development and prognosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma has been studied for several decades. The pathophysiology in making of EBV into a cancerogen includes proteins as latent membrane protein 1 (LMPs) and nucleic acids as micro-RNAs...
2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729867/exposure-to-the-epstein-barr-viral-antigen-latent-membrane-protein-1-induces-myelin-reactive-antibodies-in-vivo
#3
Yakov Lomakin, Georgii Pavlovich Arapidi, Alexander Chernov, Rustam Ziganshin, Evgenii Tcyganov, Irina Lyadova, Ivan Olegovich Butenko, Maria Osetrova, Natalia Ponomarenko, Georgy Telegin, Vadim Markovich Govorun, Alexander Gabibov, Alexey Belogurov
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Cross-reactivity of neuronal proteins with exogenous antigens is considered one of the possible mechanisms of MS triggering. Previously, we showed that monoclonal myelin basic protein (MBP)-specific antibodies from MS patients cross-react with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1). In this study, we report that exposure of mice to LMP1 results in induction of myelin-reactive autoantibodies in vivo...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712115/expression-of-interferon-regulatory-factor-7-correlates-with-the-expression-of-epstein-barr-virus-latent-membrane-protein-1-and-cervical-lymph-node-metastasis-in-nasopharyngeal-cancer
#4
Satoru Kondo, Kazuhira Endo, Naohiro Wakisaka, Mitsuharu Aga, Makoto Kano, Noriko Seishima, Tomoko Imoto, Eiji Kobayashi, Makiko Moriyama-Kita, Yosuke Nakanishi, Shigeyuki Murono, Joseph S Pagano, Tomokazu Yoshizaki
Interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7) has oncogenic properties in several malignancies such as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated lymphoma. However, there is no evidence whether IRF7 is associated with the oncogenesis of nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC), the pathogenesis of which is closely associated with EBV. Herein, we report that expression of IRF7 was increased in normal nasopharyngeal cells that expressed the EBV principal oncoprotein, latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1). In addition, IRF7 was mainly expressed in the nucleus in both normal nasopharyngeal cells and nasopharyngeal cancer cells that expresses LMP1...
July 16, 2017: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706783/the-anecdote-of-viral-etiopathogenia-in-ameloblastoma-and-odontogenic-keratocyst-why-don-t-we-let-it-go
#5
Bacem A E O Khalele
BACKGROUND: Ameloblastoma (AM) and odontogenic Keratocyst (OKC) are destructive odontogenic lesions of the gnathion. Although their exact pathogeneses are not yet totally understood, the viral etiopathogenesis in AM and KCOT has been proposed. True to syndromic keratocystic odontogenic tumor (sKCOT) and non-syndromic OKC is the high recurrence rate. OBJECTIVES: Given that shared pathways trailed by AM and by sKCOT/OKC have been suggested, this study, however, contrasts the expression of AM and OKC for viral antibodies...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654015/lmp1-and-dynamic-progressive-telomere-dysfunction-a-major-culprit-in-ebv-associated-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#6
REVIEW
Hans Knecht, Sabine Mai
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is expressed in germinal-center-derived, mononuclear Hodgkin (H) and multinuclear, diagnostic Reed-Sternberg (RS) cells in classical EBV-positive Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHL). LMP1 expression in EBV-negative H-cell lines results in a significantly increased number of RS cells. In a conditional, germinal-center-derived B-cell in vitro system, LMP1 reversibly down-regulates the shelterin proteins, telomeric repeat binding factor (TRF)1, TRF2, and protection of telomeres (POT)1...
June 27, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571489/thioredoxin-1-chemokine-c-x-c-motif-ligand-9-and-interferon-%C3%AE-expression-in-the-neoplastic-cells-and-macrophages-of-hodgkin-lymphoma-clinicopathologic-correlations-and-potential-prognostic-implications
#7
Theodoros P Vassilakopoulos, Georgia Levidou, Vassilis Milionis, Sylvia Hartmann, Eleftheria Lakiotaki, Athanasia Sepsa, Irene Thymara, Panagiota Ntailiani, Kallirroi Spanou, Maria K Angelopoulou, Marina P Siakantaris, Maria Moschogiannis, Gerassimos A Pangalis, Panayiotis Panayiotidis, Kostas Konstantopoulos, Efstratios Patsouris, Martin-Leo Hansmann, Penelope Korkolopoulou
Expression of thioredoxin-1 (TXN) and CXCL9 is not restricted to THRLBCL macrophages, but may be observed in histiocytes and neoplastic (HRS) cells of EBV + mixed cellularity (MC) classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and nodular lymphocyte predominant HL. We aimed to validate and extend the above observations in 174 cHL patients evaluating the immunohistochemical expression of TXN, CXCL9 and IFN-γ. HRS-cell CXCL9 expression was higher in latent membrane protein-1 (LMP1)+, MC and Stage IV. TXN and CXCL9 expression by cHL histiocytes was more frequent in LMP1+, MC and older patients (only for CXCL9)...
September 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559300/rv3852-h-ns-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-is-not-involved-in-nucleoid-compaction-and-virulence-regulation
#8
Nina T Odermatt, Claudia Sala, Andrej Benjak, Gaëlle S Kolly, Anthony Vocat, Andréanne Lupien, Stewart T Cole
A handful of nucleoid-associated proteins (NAPs) regulate the vast majority of genes in a bacterial cell. H-NS, the Histone-like Nucleoid-Structuring protein, is one of these NAPs and protects Escherichia coli from foreign gene expression. Though lacking any sequence similarity with E. coli H-NS, Rv3852 was annotated as the H-NS ortholog in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, as it resembles human histone H1. The role of Rv3852 was thoroughly investigated by immunoblotting, subcellular localization, construction of an unmarked rv3852 deletion in the M...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527921/drug-induced-fatal-arrhythmias-acquired-long-qt-and-brugada-syndromes
#9
REVIEW
Isik Turker, Tomohiko Ai, Hideki Itoh, Minoru Horie
Since the early 1990s, the concept of primary "inherited" arrhythmia syndromes or ion channelopathies has evolved rapidly as a result of revolutionary progresses made in molecular genetics. Alterations in genes coding for membrane proteins such as ion channels or their associated proteins responsible for the generation of cardiac action potentials (AP) have been shown to cause specific malfunctions which eventually lead to cardiac arrhythmias. These arrhythmic disorders include congenital long QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, short QT syndrome, progressive cardiac conduction disease, etc...
May 17, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487787/ebv-negative-monomorphic-b-cell-posttransplant-lymphoproliferative-disorder-with-marked-morphologic-pleomorphism-and-pathogenic-mutations-in-asxl1-bcor-cdkn2a-nf1-and-tp53
#10
Agata M Bogusz
Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) are a diverse group of lymphoid or plasmacytic proliferations frequently driven by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). EBV-negative PTLDs appear to represent a distinct entity. This report describes an unusual case of a 33-year-old woman that developed a monomorphic EBV-negative PTLD consistent with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) 13 years after heart-lung transplant. Histological examination revealed marked pleomorphism of the malignant cells including nodular areas reminiscent of classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) with abundant large, bizarre Hodgkin-like cells...
2017: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462850/epstein-barr-virus-infection-and-breast-invasive-ductal-carcinoma-in-egyptian-women-a-single-center-experience
#11
Noha Ed Hassab El-Naby, Hameda Hassan Mohamed, Asmaa Mohamed Goda, Ahmed El Sayed Mohamed
BACKGROUND: A controversy of the role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in breast carcinomas has been reported in the literature. OBJECTIVES: We carried on this research to explore possible association between EBV infection and breast invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) in Egyptian women attending our center. STUDY DESIGN: This study carried out at Sohag university hospital on 84 paraffin embedded samples of breast tissue, of them 42 breast IDC as the case group and 42 breast fibroadenomas as the control group...
April 24, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454117/elimination-of-lmp1-expressing-cells-from-a-monolayer-of-gastric-cancer-ags-cells
#12
Yoshitaka Sato, Shingo Ochiai, Takayuki Murata, Teru Kanda, Fumi Goshima, Hiroshi Kimura
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latently infects malignant epithelial cells in approximately 10% of all gastric cancers. Latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1), an oncogenic protein, plays an important role in malignant transformation in EBV-associated nasopharyngeal carcinoma and B-cell lymphoma; however, its expression has not been detected in EBV-associated gastric cancer. To address why LMP1 has not been detected in EBV-positive gastric tumors, we focused on the interactions between LMP1-positive and -negative cells and stably expressed LMP1 in the gastric cancer cell line AGS...
June 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436953/disruption-of-direct-3d-telomere-trf2-interaction-through-two-molecularly-disparate-mechanisms-is-a-hallmark-of-primary-hodgkin-and-reed-sternberg-cells
#13
Hans Knecht, Nathalie A Johnson, Tina Haliotis, Daniel Lichtensztejn, Sabine Mai
In classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHL), specific changes in the 3D telomere organization cause progression from mononuclear Hodgkin cells (H) to multinucleated Reed-Sternberg cells (RS). In a post-germinal center B-cell in vitro model, permanent latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) expression, as observed in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated cHL, results in multinuclearity and complex chromosomal aberrations through downregulation of key element of the shelterin complex, the telomere repeat binding factor 2 (TRF2)...
April 24, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427406/latent-membrane-protein-1-lmp1-expression-in-hodgkin-lymphoma-and-its-correlation-with-clinical-and-histologic-parameters
#14
Atif Ali Hashmi, Zubaida Fida Hussain, Kashif Ali Hashmi, Muhammad Irfan Zafar, Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi, Naveen Faridi, Mehmood Khan
BACKGROUND: Hodgkin lymphoma is one of the most prevalent lymphoproliferative disorders in Pakistan; however, no risk factors for this disease have yet to be established in our population. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a well-known risk factor for Hodgkin lymphoma in endemic regions of the world; however, frequency of its association in our population has not been widely studied. Latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) is a surrogate marker of EBV in Hodgkin lymphoma...
April 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413147/branchial-cleft-cyst-an-unusual-site-for-the-cervical-metastasis-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#15
Yu-Chang Liao, Mohamad Adel, Li-Yu Lee, Kai-Ping Chang
OBJECTIVE: Cancers found in the resected branchial cleft cyst are rare clinically but usually impose substantive diagnostic and treatment challenges for clinicians. METHODS: A 31-year-old man presented with a lateral neck mass that was suspected to be an inflammatory branchial cleft cyst. After excision, the pathologic specimen revealed a benign cystic appearance with a focus of undifferentiated carcinoma. Serologic tests for Epstein-Barr virus were negative. A positron emission tomography scan and upper aerodigestive tract endoscopies were negative for any other suspicious lesion...
April 13, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383415/prognostic-significance-of-latent-membrane-protein-1-expression-in-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-meta-analysis
#16
Xiao-Mei Li, Wen-Hua Xiao, Hui-Xia Zhao
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) has been evaluated in several studies. However, the conclusions remain controversial. METHODS: We searched relevant literatures from Embase, PubMed, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure Platform databases and performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the prognostic significance of LMP1 expression in NHL. Pooled hazard ratio (HR), 95% confidence interval (CI), and P value were calculated...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351978/mouse-model-of-epstein-barr-virus-lmp1-and-lmp2a-driven-germinal-center-b-cell-lymphoproliferative-disease
#17
Takeharu Minamitani, Yijie Ma, Hufeng Zhou, Hiroshi Kida, Chao-Yuan Tsai, Masanori Obana, Daisuke Okuzaki, Yasushi Fujio, Atsushi Kumanogoh, Bo Zhao, Hitoshi Kikutani, Elliott Kieff, Benjamin E Gewurz, Teruhito Yasui
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a major cause of immunosuppression-related B-cell lymphomas and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). In these malignancies, EBV latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) and LMP2A provide infected B cells with surrogate CD40 and B-cell receptor growth and survival signals. To gain insights into their synergistic in vivo roles in germinal center (GC) B cells, from which most EBV-driven lymphomas arise, we generated a mouse model with conditional GC B-cell LMP1 and LMP2A coexpression. LMP1 and LMP2A had limited effects in immunocompetent mice...
May 2, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333576/epstein-barr-virus-lytic-reactivation-activates-b-cells-polyclonally-and-induces-activation-induced-cytidine-deaminase-expression-a-mechanism-underlying-autoimmunity-and-its-contribution-to-graves-disease
#18
Keiko Nagata, Keisuke Kumata, Yuji Nakayama, Yukio Satoh, Hirotsugu Sugihara, Sayuri Hara, Michiko Matsushita, Satoshi Kuwamoto, Masako Kato, Ichiro Murakami, Kazuhiko Hayashi
Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease that results in and is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism, and the reactivation of persisting Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in B lymphocytes induces the differentiation of host B cells into plasma cells. We previously reported that some EBV-infected B cells had thyrotropin receptor antibodies (TRAbs) as surface immunoglobulins (Igs), and EBV reactivation induced these TRAb+EBV+ cells to produce TRAbs. EBV reactivation induces Ig production from host B cells. The purpose of the present study was to examine total Ig productions from B cell culture fluids and to detect activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID), nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), and EBV latent membrane protein (LMP) 1 in culture B cells during EBV reactivation induction and then we discussed the mechanisms of EBV reactivation-induced Ig production in relation to autoimmunity...
April 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328987/a-novel-recombinant-variant-of-latent-membrane-protein-1-from-epstein-barr-virus-in-argentina-denotes-phylogeographical-association
#19
Magdalena Gantuz, Mario Alejandro Lorenzetti, Paola Andrea Chabay, María Victoria Preciado
AIM: To study LMP1 variants distribution among children with EBV+ malignant and benign conditions as well as in healthy carriers. METHODS: Oral secretions and blood cells from 31 children with IM, and biopsies from 14 EBV+ reactive lymphoid hyperplasia and 33 EBV+ lymphomas were included. LMP1 was amplified by nested PCR and sequenced. Phylogenetic reconstructions were made under Maximun Likelihood, Bayesian and coalescent algorithms. RESULTS: Six clades were defined (China1, China2, Med-, Alaskan, B95...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228321/immunization-of-bighorn-sheep-against-mannheimia-haemolytica-with-a-bovine-herpesvirus-1-vectored-vaccine
#20
Sai A Batra, Sudarvili Shanthalingam, Gaetano Donofrio, Gary J Haldorson, Shafiqul Chowdhury, Stephen N White, Subramaniam Srikumaran
Mannheimia haemolytica is an important pathogen of pneumonia in bighorn sheep (BHS), consistently causing 100% mortality under experimental conditions. Leukotoxin is the critical virulence factor of M. haemolytica. In a 'proof of concept' study, a vaccine containing leukotoxin and surface antigens of M. haemolytica induced 100% protection in BHS, but required multiple booster doses. Vaccination of wildlife is difficult. BHS, however, can be vaccinated at the time of transplantation, but administration of booster doses is impossible...
February 19, 2017: Vaccine
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