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Nicole P Waters, Trenton Schmale, Allison Goetz, Jason T Eberl, Jessica H Wells
There is an urgent need to promote healthcare justice for patients as well as members of the healthcare team including physicians. In this article, we explain how principles of Catholic social teaching (i.e., dignity of the individual, common good, destination of goods, solidarity, and subsidiarity) are applied to health care, by featuring various types of outpatient clinics including free, charitable-direct primary care, hybrid, federally qualified health center, and rural health clinic. We describe how attempts have been made to improve the quality and access of health care by creating new medical schools (i...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
Tit-Chai Tan, Huaqiong Zhou, Michelle Kelly
BACKGROUND: The challenges in nurse-physician communication persist since the term 'nurse-doctor game' was first used in 1967, leading to poor patient outcomes such as treatment delays and potential patient harm. Inconsistent evidence was found on the factors and interventions which foster or impair effective nurse-physician communication. AIM: To present a comprehensive review of current evidence on the factors which impact on nurse-physician communication and interventions developed to improve nurse-physician communication...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Tsuyoshi Kaneko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Tarek Mohamed El-Gohary, Osama Ahmed Khaled, Sameh R Ibrahim, Abdullah M Alshenqiti, Mahmoud I Ibrahim
[Purpose] To investigate possible cross effects of proprioception training on proprioception repositioning accuracy of the knee joint and on balance in healthy subjects. [Subjects and Methods] Sixty healthy college students and faculty members from faculty of physical therapy, Cairo University were recruited to participate. Participants were randomly assigned to training group (n=30) and control group (n=30). The training group received proprioceptive training program only for the dominant leg while the control group did not receive any kind of training...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Kathie Lasater, Victoria Cotrell, Glenise McKenzie, William Simonson, Megan W Morgove, Emily E Long, Elizabeth Eckstrom
As health care rapidly evolves to promote person-centered care, evidence-based practice, and team-structured environments, nurses must lead interprofessional (IP) teams to collaborate for optimal health of the populations and more cost-effective health care. Four professions-nursing, medicine, social work, and pharmacy-formed a teaching team to address fall prevention among older adults in Oregon using an IP approach. The teaching team developed training sessions that included interactive, evidence-based sessions, followed by individualized team coaching...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Susan A Chapman, Lisel K Blash
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe new roles for medical assistants (MAs) in innovative care models that improve care while providing training and career advancement opportunities for MAs. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Primary data collected at 15 case study sites; 173 key informant interviews and de-identified secondary data on staffing, wages, patient satisfaction, and health outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Researchers used snowball sampling and screening calls to identify 15 organizations using MAs in new roles...
February 2017: Health Services Research
Sarah Verbiest, Erin Bonzon, Arden Handler
Introduction The first 3 months after giving birth can be a challenging time for many women. The Postpartum Health and Wellness special issue explores this period, one that is often overlooked and under-researched. Methods This issue is designed to bring greater focus to the need for woman-centered care during the postpartum period. Articles in this issue focus on four key areas: (1) the postpartum visit and access to care, (2) the content of postpartum care and postpartum health concerns, (3) interconception care including contraception, and (4) policy, systems, and measurement...
October 19, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Christina Chung, Leah S Fischer, Angelica OʼConnor, Alvin Shultz
CONTEXT: CDC's Epidemiology and Laboratory Capacity for Infectious Diseases (ELC) Cooperative Agreement aims to help health departments strengthen core epidemiology capacity needed to respond to a variety of emerging infectious diseases. In fiscal year 2014, $6 million was awarded to 41 health departments for flexible epidemiologists (FEs). FEs were intended to help meet health departments' unique needs and support unanticipated events that could require the diversion of resources to specific emerging or reemerging diseases...
May 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Max R Paquette, Mark Temme, Shelby A Peel, Ross Smith, Jeffrey N Dwyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Michael Robertson, Jasen Gilley, Richard Nicholas
Small nonossifying fibromas (ie, fibrocortical defects) are incidental findings commonly seen on radiographs of young patients evaluated for extremity pain or sport-related trauma. Although pathological fractures have been reported in larger lesions, the subcentimeter, intracortical defects are not generally thought to predispose to pathological fractures. The authors report on 2 young athletes who presented with knee pain after initiating conditioning exercise programs (cross-training). Both were diagnosed with transverse metaphyseal stress fractures involving fibrous cortical defects of the distal femur...
November 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Ayodele Teslim Onigbinde, Ridwan Aderemi Ajiboye, Abiola Ibukun Bada, Sarah Oghenekewe Isaac
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this study was to establish if there would be inter-limb crossing of strength from trained quadriceps muscles of unaffected limb to the untrained homologous group of muscles in subjects with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with knee osteoarthritis were recruited for the study. The affected knee was not trained while the unaffected quadriceps group of muscles was trained for 6 weeks using isometric contraction exercises...
2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Yuzhong Xu, Katsunori Tsuji, Izumi Tabata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Cory Hofmann, Ross Robarge, Rachel Bromberg, Paul Juris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
L I Petrella, Y Cai, J V Sereno, S I Gonçalves, A J Silva, M Castelo-Branco
Neurofibromatosis type-1 (NF1) is a common neurogenetic disorder and an important cause of intellectual disability. Brain-behaviour associations can be examined in vivo using morphometric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to study brain structure. Here, we studied structural and behavioural phenotypes in heterozygous Nf1 mice (Nf1(+/-) ) using T2-weighted imaging MRI and DTI, with a focus on social recognition deficits. We found that Nf1(+/-) mice have larger volumes than wild-type (WT) mice in regions of interest involved in social cognition, the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and the caudate-putamen (CPu)...
September 2016: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
Hadi Esfandyari, Piter Bijma, Mark Henryon, Ole Fredslund Christensen, Anders Christian Sørensen
BACKGROUND: In pig breeding, selection is usually carried out in purebred populations, although the final goal is to improve crossbred performance. Genomic selection can be used to select purebred parental lines for crossbred performance. Dominance is the likely genetic basis of heterosis and explicitly including dominance in the genomic selection model may be an advantage when selecting purebreds for crossbred performance. Our objectives were two-fold: (1) to compare the predictive ability of genomic prediction models with additive or additive plus dominance effects, when the validation criterion is crossbred performance; and (2) to compare the use of two pure line reference populations to a single combined reference population...
June 8, 2016: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
Yeon-Gyu Jeong, Jung-Wan Koo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Treadmill walking training (TWT) provides greater amount and intensity of stepping practice than conventional walking training in patients with chronic stroke. However, there is not any conclusive evidence regarding the effects of TWT for ambulatory post-stroke patients. This study investigated the effects of treadmill walking combined with obstacle-crossing on the walking ability of ambulatory post-stroke patients. METHODS: Twenty-nine subjects from a university hospital-based rehabilitation center were randomly assigned to one of the following: experimental group (15 subjects) or control group (14 subjects)...
May 20, 2016: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Talin J Louder, Cade J Searle, Eadric Bressel
Plyometric jumping is a commonly prescribed method of training focused on the development of reactive strength and high-velocity concentric power. Literature suggests that aquatic plyometric training may be a low-impact, effective supplement to land-based training. The purpose of the present study was to quantify acute, biomechanical characteristics of the take-off and flight phase for plyometric movements performed in the water. Kinetic force platform data from 12 young, male adults were collected for counter-movement jumps performed on land and in water at two different immersion depths...
September 2016: Sports Biomechanics
Michael B Alexander, Theresa K Hodges, Daniel J Wescott, Jacqueline A Aitkenhead-Peterson
Despite technological advances, human remains detection (HRD) dogs still remain one of the best tools for locating clandestine graves. However, soil texture may affect the escape of decomposition gases and therefore the effectiveness of HDR dogs. Six nationally credentialed HRD dogs (three HRD only and three cross-trained) were evaluated on novel buried human remains in contrasting soils, a clayey and a sandy soil. Search time and accuracy were compared for the clayey soil and sandy soil to assess odor location difficulty...
May 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Laura Barisoni, Jonathan P Troost, Cynthia Nast, Serena Bagnasco, Carmen Avila-Casado, Jeffrey Hodgin, Matthew Palmer, Avi Rosenberg, Adil Gasim, Chrysta Liensziewski, Lino Merlino, Hui-Ping Chien, Anthony Chang, Shane M Meehan, Joseph Gaut, Peter Song, Lawrence Holzman, Debbie Gibson, Matthias Kretzler, Brenda W Gillespie, Stephen M Hewitt
The multicenter Nephrotic Syndrome Study Network (NEPTUNE) digital pathology scoring system employs a novel and comprehensive methodology to document pathologic features from whole-slide images, immunofluorescence and ultrastructural digital images. To estimate inter- and intra-reader concordance of this descriptor-based approach, data from 12 pathologists (eight NEPTUNE and four non-NEPTUNE) with experience from training to 30 years were collected. A descriptor reference manual was generated and a webinar-based protocol for consensus/cross-training implemented...
July 2016: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Vivian F Go, Giuliana J Morales, Nguyen Tuyet Mai, Ross C Brownson, Tran Viet Ha, William C Miller
BACKGROUND: Integration of methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) and HIV services is an evidence-based intervention (EBI) that benefits HIV care and reduces costs. While MMT/HIV integration is recommended by the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it is not widely implemented, due to organizational and operational barriers. Our study applied an innovative process to identify implementation strategies to address these barriers. METHODS: Our process was adapted from the Expert Recommendations for Implementing Change (ERIC) protocol and consisted of two main phases...
April 20, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
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