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Sarah Verbiest, Erin Bonzon, Arden Handler
Introduction The first 3 months after giving birth can be a challenging time for many women. The Postpartum Health and Wellness special issue explores this period, one that is often overlooked and under-researched. Methods This issue is designed to bring greater focus to the need for woman-centered care during the postpartum period. Articles in this issue focus on four key areas: (1) the postpartum visit and access to care, (2) the content of postpartum care and postpartum health concerns, (3) interconception care including contraception, and (4) policy, systems, and measurement...
October 19, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Christina Chung, Leah S Fischer, Angelica OʼConnor, Alvin Shultz
CONTEXT: CDC's Epidemiology and Laboratory Capacity for Infectious Diseases (ELC) Cooperative Agreement aims to help health departments strengthen core epidemiology capacity needed to respond to a variety of emerging infectious diseases. In fiscal year 2014, $6 million was awarded to 41 health departments for flexible epidemiologists (FEs). FEs were intended to help meet health departments' unique needs and support unanticipated events that could require the diversion of resources to specific emerging or reemerging diseases...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Max R Paquette, Mark Temme, Shelby A Peel, Ross Smith, Jeffrey N Dwyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Michael Robertson, Jasen Gilley, Richard Nicholas
Small nonossifying fibromas (ie, fibrocortical defects) are incidental findings commonly seen on radiographs of young patients evaluated for extremity pain or sport-related trauma. Although pathological fractures have been reported in larger lesions, the subcentimeter, intracortical defects are not generally thought to predispose to pathological fractures. The authors report on 2 young athletes who presented with knee pain after initiating conditioning exercise programs (cross-training). Both were diagnosed with transverse metaphyseal stress fractures involving fibrous cortical defects of the distal femur...
July 19, 2016: Orthopedics
Ayodele Teslim Onigbinde, Ridwan Aderemi Ajiboye, Abiola Ibukun Bada, Sarah Oghenekewe Isaac
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this study was to establish if there would be inter-limb crossing of strength from trained quadriceps muscles of unaffected limb to the untrained homologous group of muscles in subjects with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with knee osteoarthritis were recruited for the study. The affected knee was not trained while the unaffected quadriceps group of muscles was trained for 6 weeks using isometric contraction exercises...
July 15, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Yuzhong Xu, Katsunori Tsuji, Izumi Tabata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Cory Hofmann, Ross Robarge, Rachel Bromberg, Paul Juris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
L I Petrella, Y Cai, J V Sereno, S I Gonçalves, A J Silva, M Castelo-Branco
Neurofibromatosis type-1 (NF1) is a common neurogenetic disorder and an important cause of intellectual disability. Brain-behaviour associations can be examined in vivo using morphometric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to study brain structure. Here, we studied structural and behavioural phenotypes in heterozygous Nf1 mice (Nf1(+/-) ) using T2-weighted imaging MRI and DTI, with a focus on social recognition deficits. We found that Nf1(+/-) mice have larger volumes than wild-type (WT) mice in regions of interest involved in social cognition, the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and the caudate-putamen (CPu)...
September 2016: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
Hadi Esfandyari, Piter Bijma, Mark Henryon, Ole Fredslund Christensen, Anders Christian Sørensen
BACKGROUND: In pig breeding, selection is usually carried out in purebred populations, although the final goal is to improve crossbred performance. Genomic selection can be used to select purebred parental lines for crossbred performance. Dominance is the likely genetic basis of heterosis and explicitly including dominance in the genomic selection model may be an advantage when selecting purebreds for crossbred performance. Our objectives were two-fold: (1) to compare the predictive ability of genomic prediction models with additive or additive plus dominance effects, when the validation criterion is crossbred performance; and (2) to compare the use of two pure line reference populations to a single combined reference population...
2016: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
Yeon-Gyu Jeong, Jung-Wan Koo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Treadmill walking training (TWT) provides greater amount and intensity of stepping practice than conventional walking training in patients with chronic stroke. However, there is not any conclusive evidence regarding the effects of TWT for ambulatory post-stroke patients. This study investigated the effects of treadmill walking combined with obstacle-crossing on the walking ability of ambulatory post-stroke patients. METHODS: Twenty-nine subjects from a university hospital-based rehabilitation center were randomly assigned to one of the following: experimental group (15 subjects) or control group (14 subjects)...
May 20, 2016: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Talin J Louder, Cade J Searle, Eadric Bressel
Plyometric jumping is a commonly prescribed method of training focused on the development of reactive strength and high-velocity concentric power. Literature suggests that aquatic plyometric training may be a low-impact, effective supplement to land-based training. The purpose of the present study was to quantify acute, biomechanical characteristics of the take-off and flight phase for plyometric movements performed in the water. Kinetic force platform data from 12 young, male adults were collected for counter-movement jumps performed on land and in water at two different immersion depths...
September 2016: Sports Biomechanics
Michael B Alexander, Theresa K Hodges, Daniel J Wescott, Jacqueline A Aitkenhead-Peterson
Despite technological advances, human remains detection (HRD) dogs still remain one of the best tools for locating clandestine graves. However, soil texture may affect the escape of decomposition gases and therefore the effectiveness of HDR dogs. Six nationally credentialed HRD dogs (three HRD only and three cross-trained) were evaluated on novel buried human remains in contrasting soils, a clayey and a sandy soil. Search time and accuracy were compared for the clayey soil and sandy soil to assess odor location difficulty...
May 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Laura Barisoni, Jonathan P Troost, Cynthia Nast, Serena Bagnasco, Carmen Avila-Casado, Jeffrey Hodgin, Matthew Palmer, Avi Rosenberg, Adil Gasim, Chrysta Liensziewski, Lino Merlino, Hui-Ping Chien, Anthony Chang, Shane M Meehan, Joseph Gaut, Peter Song, Lawrence Holzman, Debbie Gibson, Matthias Kretzler, Brenda W Gillespie, Stephen M Hewitt
The multicenter Nephrotic Syndrome Study Network (NEPTUNE) digital pathology scoring system employs a novel and comprehensive methodology to document pathologic features from whole-slide images, immunofluorescence and ultrastructural digital images. To estimate inter- and intra-reader concordance of this descriptor-based approach, data from 12 pathologists (eight NEPTUNE and four non-NEPTUNE) with experience from training to 30 years were collected. A descriptor reference manual was generated and a webinar-based protocol for consensus/cross-training implemented...
July 2016: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Vivian F Go, Giuliana J Morales, Nguyen Tuyet Mai, Ross C Brownson, Tran Viet Ha, William C Miller
BACKGROUND: Integration of methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) and HIV services is an evidence-based intervention (EBI) that benefits HIV care and reduces costs. While MMT/HIV integration is recommended by the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it is not widely implemented, due to organizational and operational barriers. Our study applied an innovative process to identify implementation strategies to address these barriers. METHODS: Our process was adapted from the Expert Recommendations for Implementing Change (ERIC) protocol and consisted of two main phases...
2016: Implementation Science: IS
Cynthia A Kahlenberg, Rueben Nair, Emily Monroe, Michael A Terry, Sara L Edwards
OBJECTIVES: Youth participation in competitive athletics has significantly increased in the past two decades. There has also been a recent rise in the number of sports injuries that physicians are seeing in young athletes. The objective of this study was to assess the likelihood of sports injuries based on several risk factors in a general sample of athletes at a suburban-area high school. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. An online survey was distributed to 2,200 student-athletes at a local high school with a mean age of 15...
September 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Shaw Bronner, Emma Codman, Dana Hash-Campbell, Sheyi Ojofeitimi
The aerobic demands of today's dance repertoire warrant understanding of the current cardiorespiratory fitness of dancers. The purpose of this study was to compare aerobic fitness levels of professional and pre-professional modern dancers and determine change over time. A retrospective analysis of four groups, two professional, and two pre-professional, was conducted in preseason annual screens, occurring before the professional dancers' rehearsal period and the students' academic training. Resting (HRrest), peak (HRpeak), and recovery (HRrecov) heart rate, and blood pressure (BP) were compared in 577 dancers, using an accelerated 3-minute step test...
March 2016: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
Ian E Klein, Jason B White, Sharon R Rana
A novel outdoor elliptical bicycle has been designed to elicit running-similar physiological adaptations while reducing the impact forces that commonly lead to injury. Various cross-training methods have been utilized to reduce injury risk, restore or maintain fitness, and prevent detraining. The purpose of this study was to compare 4-weeks of elliptical bicycle-only training to run-only training on maximal oxygen consumption, ventilatory threshold, respiratory compensation point, running economy, and 5,000 m time trial times...
March 3, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Michael C Aynardi, Christopher M Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Nadia L'Espérance, Karine Bertrand, Michel Perreault
Some authors have called attention to the lack of service integration related to evaluation and treatment of parental substance abuse, an ongoing challenge for service providers. A cross-training project involving exchanges (immersion sessions) among clinical teams was established to improve the integration, effectiveness and coherence of interventions for pregnant women and mothers with problematic substance use, and to prevent negative impacts of substance abuse on parenting skills and on foetal and child development...
February 25, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
Junlong Li, Lihui Zhao, Lu Tian, Tianxi Cai, Brian Claggett, Andrea Callegaro, Benjamin Dizier, Bart Spiessens, Fernando Ulloa-Montoya, Lee-Jen Wei
To evaluate a new therapy versus a control via a randomized, comparative clinical study or a series of trials, due to heterogeneity of the study patient population, a pre-specified, predictive enrichment procedure may be implemented to identify an "enrichable" subpopulation. For patients in this subpopulation, the therapy is expected to have a desirable overall risk-benefit profile. To develop and validate such a "therapy-diagnostic co-development" strategy, a three-step procedure may be conducted with three independent data sets from a series of similar studies or a single trial...
September 2016: Biometrics
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