keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vital signs

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334564/validating-the-electronic-cardiac-arrest-risk-triage-ecart-score-for-risk-stratification-of-surgical-inpatients-in-the-postoperative-setting-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Bartlomiej Bartkowiak, Ashley M Snyder, Andrew Benjamin, Andrew Schneider, Nicole M Twu, Matthew M Churpek, Kevin K Roggin, Dana P Edelson
OBJECTIVE: Assess the accuracy of 3 early warning scores for predicting severe adverse events in postoperative inpatients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Postoperative clinical deterioration on inpatient hospital services is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and cost. Early warning scores have been developed to detect inpatient clinical deterioration and trigger rapid response activation, but knowledge regarding the application of early warning scores to postoperative inpatients is limited...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333775/-effect-of-dexmedetomidine-on-emergence-agitation-after-general-anesthesia-in-children-undergoing-odontotherapy-in-day-surgery-operating-room
#2
Luo Lin, Zhang Yueming, Li Meisheng, Wang Jiexue, Ji Yang
OBJECTIVE: To study the effectiveness of dexmedetomidine used for general anesthesia maintenance in children undergoing odontotherapy in day-surgery operating room in reducing the incidence of emergence agitation (EA). METHODS: Eighty children undergoing odontotherapy and under general anesthesia in day-surgery operating room were randomized into two groups, group A (n=40) and group B (n=40). Each patient in group A was administered with a bolus dose of dexmedetomidine (1...
December 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332629/psychobiological-stress-in-vital-exhaustion-findings-from-the-men-stress-40-study
#3
Emilou Noser, Susanne Fischer, Jessica Ruppen, Ulrike Ehlert
OBJECTIVE: Despite the increased risk for cardiovascular morbidity associated with vital exhaustion (VE), the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms remain unclear. Allostatic load may constitute the missing link between VE and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether men with different degrees of VE would differ in terms of allostatic load, chronic stress, and social support. METHODS: The Men Stress 40+ study sample consisted of N=121 apparently healthy men aged 40 to 75years...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331368/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-safety-analysis-of-enterococcus-faecium-2c-isolated-from-human-breast-milk
#4
Soodabeh Khalkhali, Naheed Mojgani
INTRODUCTION: Safety analysis of probiotic bacteria is an obligatory characteristic to be evaluated prior to application in food or pharmacological products. This study was designed to evaluate in vitro and in vivo safety parameters of Enterococcus faecium 2C strain, a probiotic candidate isolated from human breast milk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: E.faecium 2C was studied for its hemolytic activity and phenotypic antibiotics resistance profile. In vivo safety of the mentioned Enterococcus strain was studied by determining acute oral toxicity in Wistar Male rats...
January 10, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330731/human-plant-exposures-reported-to-a-regional-southwestern-poison-control-center-over-8%C3%A2-years
#5
Ben Enfield, Daniel E Brooks, Sharyn Welch, Maureen Roland, Jane Klemens, Kim Greenlief, Rachel Olson, Richard D Gerkin
BACKGROUND: There is little published data about human plant exposures reported to US poison control centers (PCCs). METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all reported plant exposures to a single regional PCC between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2010 was done to understand better the characteristics of plant exposure cases. Specific generic plant codes were used to identify cases. Recorded variables included patient demographics, plant involved, exposure variables, symptoms, management site, treatments, and outcome...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326491/comparison-of-midazolam-with-fentanyl-midazolam-combination-during-flexible-bronchoscopy-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#6
Amithash Marulaiah Prabhudev, Bharti Chogtu, Rahul Magazine
BACKGROUND: Sedation during flexible bronchoscopy is desirable, but the drugs and the dosage protocols that are used vary. OBJECTIVE: To study and compare the effects of midazolam with fentanyl-midazolam combination during flexible bronchoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 144 patients, from October 2013 to July 2015. They answered Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Anxiety subscale and a prebronchoscopy questionnaire to assess their expectation toward flexible bronchoscopy...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325516/brucellosis-remains-a-neglected-disease-in-the-developing-world-a-call-for-interdisciplinary-action
#7
K A Franc, R C Krecek, B N Häsler, A M Arenas-Gamboa
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is an endemic zoonotic disease in most of the developing world that causes devastating losses to the livestock industry and small-scale livestock holders. Infected animals exhibit clinical signs that are of economic significance to stakeholders and include reduced fertility, abortion, poor weight gain, lost draught power, and a substantial decline in milk production. In humans, brucellosis typically manifests as a variety of non-specific clinical signs. Chronicity and recurring febrile conditions, as well as devastating complications in pregnant women are common sequelae...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325045/mean-high-dose-l-thyroxine-treatment-is-efficient-and-safe-to-achieve-a-normal-iq-in-young-adult-patients-with-congenital-hypothyroidism
#8
Paulina Aleksander, Michaela Brückner-Spieler, Anne-Marie Stöhr, Erwin Lankes, Peter Kühnen, Dirk Schnabel, Andrea Ernert, Walter Stäblein, Maria E Craig, Oliver Blankenstein, Annette Grüters, Heiko Krude
Context: The optimal levothyroxine (LT4) dose required to treat congenital hypothyroidism (CH) remains unclear, with a debate if higher starting doses (>10µg/kg) are necessary and safe for normal Intelligence Quotient (IQ). Objective: To examine the psychomotor, metabolic and quality of life outcome in patients with CH treated with a mean high initial LT4 dose. Design, settings, participants: A cross- sectional cohort study of CH patients identified in the Berlin newborn screening programme from 1979-2003...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324729/vital-signs-trends-and-disparities-in-infant-safe-sleep-practices-united-states-2009-2015
#9
Jennifer M Bombard, Katherine Kortsmit, Lee Warner, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Shanna Cox, Charlan D Kroelinger, Sharyn E Parks, Deborah L Dee, Denise V D'Angelo, Ruben A Smith, Kim Burley, Brian Morrow, Christine K Olson, Holly B Shulman, Leslie Harrison, Carri Cottengim, Wanda D Barfield
There have been dramatic improvements in reducing infant sleep-related deaths since the 1990s, when recommendations were introduced to place infants on their backs for sleep. However, there are still approximately 3,500 sleep-related deaths among infants each year in the United States, including those from sudden infant death syndrome, accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed, and unknown causes. Unsafe sleep practices, including placing infants in a nonsupine (on side or on stomach) sleep position, bed sharing, and using soft bedding in the sleep environment (e...
January 12, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322685/feasibility-safety-and-tolerance-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-therapy-for-obstructive-chronic-lung-allograft-dysfunction
#10
Cesar Ariel Keller, Thomas Arthur Gonwa, David Orel Hodge, Derek Joseph Hei, John Michael Centanni, Abba Chedi Zubair
Feasibility, tolerance, and safety of intravenous infusions of allogeneic mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy in lung transplant recipients with bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) are not well established. MSCs were manufactured, cryopreserved, transported to our facility, thawed, and infused into nine recipients with moderate BOS (average drop in forced expiratory volume in 1 second was 56.8% ± 3.2% from post-transplant peak) who were refractory to standard therapy and not candidates for retransplant...
January 11, 2018: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322004/thoughts-modulate-the-expression-of-inflammatory-genes-and-may-improve-the-coronary-blood-flow-in-patients-after-a-myocardial-infarction
#11
Carlo Dal Lin, Mariela Marinova, Giorgio Rubino, Elisabetta Gola, Alessandra Brocca, Giorgia Pantano, Laura Brugnolo, Cristiano Sarais, Umberto Cucchini, Biancarosa Volpe, Chiara Cavalli, Maura Bellio, Emilia Fiorello, Sofia Scali, Mario Plebani, Sabino Iliceto, Francesco Tona
Background: Mental stress is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Meditation and music listening are two techniques that are able to counteract it through the activation of specific brain areas, eliciting the so-called Relaxing Response (RR). Epidemiological evidence reveals that the RR practice has a beneficial prognostic impact on patients after myocardial infarction. We aimed to study the possible molecular mechanisms of RR underlying these findings. Methods: We enrolled 30 consecutive patients after myocardial infarction and 10 healthy controls...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320575/azp-531-an-unacylated-ghrelin-analog-improves-food-related-behavior-in-patients-with-prader-willi-syndrome-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
Soraya Allas, Assumpta Caixàs, Christine Poitou, Muriel Coupaye, Denise Thuilleaux, Françoise Lorenzini, Gwenaëlle Diene, Antonino Crinò, Frédéric Illouz, Graziano Grugni, Diane Potvin, Sarah Bocchini, Thomas Delale, Thierry Abribat, Maithé Tauber
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is characterized by early-onset hyperphagia and increased circulating levels of the orexigenic Acylated Ghrelin (AG) hormone with a relative deficit of Unacylated Ghrelin (UAG). AZP-531, a first-in-class UAG analog, was shown to inhibit the orexigenic effect of AG in animals, to improve glycemic control and decrease body weight in humans. We aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of AZP-531 in patients with PWS for whom no approved treatment for hyperphagia is currently available...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319028/comparison-of-oral-montelukast-with-oral-ozagrel-in-acute-asthma-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#13
Rahul Magazine, Vyshak Uddur Surendra, Bharti Chogtu
BACKGROUND: The need for more effective management of acute asthma has led to research on drugs which are otherwise approved for use in chronic asthma. OBJECTIVE: To study and compare the effects of oral montelukast with oral ozagrel in acute asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients with acute asthma were recruited for the study. Out of 120 study patients, forty each were randomized into placebo, montelukast, and ozagrel groups...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318084/how-does-frailty-factor-into-mortality-risk-assessment-of-a-middle-aged-and-geriatric-trauma-population
#14
Sanjit R Konda, Ariana Lott, Hesham Saleh, Sebastian Schubl, Jeffrey Chan, Kenneth A Egol
Introduction: Frailty in elderly trauma populations has been correlated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. The Score for Trauma Triage in the Geriatric and Middle-Aged (STTGMA) is a validated mortality risk score that evaluates 4 major physiologic criteria: age, comorbidities, vital signs, and anatomic injuries. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the addition of additional frailty variables to the STTGMA tool would improve risk stratification of a middle-aged and elderly trauma population...
December 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317969/pulse-pressure-analysis-to-guide-intraoperative-phlebotomy-prior-to-cardiac-surgery
#15
Brian Schloss, Dmitry Tumin, Aymen Naguib, Julie Rice, Mark Galantowicz, Joseph D Tobias
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the response of the LiDCO-rapid™ during intraoperative phlebotomy in anesthetized children prior to surgery for congenital heart disease. Methods: After the induction of general anesthesia and endotracheal intubation, baseline vital signs were recorded, along with pulse pressure variability (PPV) and stroke volume variability (SVV) from the LiDCO-rapid™ and cerebral oxygenation (rSO2) using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)...
December 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317462/adding-a-vital-sign-considering-the-utility-of-place-based-measures-in-health-care-settings
#16
Anita N Shah, Jeffrey Simmons, Andrew F Beck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315079/safety-and-tolerability-of-spermidine-supplementation-in-mice-and-older-adults-with-subjective-cognitive-decline
#17
Claudia Schwarz, Slaven Stekovic, Miranka Wirth, Gloria Benson, Philipp Royer, Stephan J Sigrist, Thomas Pieber, Christopher Dammbrueck, Christoph Magnes, Tobias Eisenberg, Tobias Pendl, Jens Bohlken, Theresa Köbe, Frank Madeo, Agnes Flöel
Supplementation of spermidine, an autophagy-inducing agent, has been shown to protect against neurodegeneration and cognitive decline in aged animal models. The present translational study aimed to determine safety and tolerability of a wheat germ extract containing enhanced spermidine concentrations. In a preclinical toxicity study, supplementation of spermidine using this extract did not result in morbidities or changes in behavior in BALBc/Rj mice during the 28-days repeated-dose tolerance study. Post mortem examination of the mice organs showed no increase in tumorigenic and fibrotic events...
January 8, 2018: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313415/a-controlled-trial-of-extended-release-guanfacine-and-psychostimulants-on-executive-function-and-adhd
#18
Judy P M van Stralen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of guanfacine extended-release (GXR) versus placebo as adjunct therapy to usual care stimulant therapy in improving executive function in children aged 6 to 12 years diagnosed with ADHD. METHOD: In this single center, double-blind placebo-controlled crossover trial, subjects continued to take their psychostimulant and were randomly assigned at baseline to receive active treatment or placebo first. Efficacy measures included Behavioural Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF-P), ADHD Rating Scale IV (ADHD-RS IV), and Clinical Global Impressions of Severity of Illness (CGI-S) and Improvement (CGI-I) scales...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310868/high-velocity-nasal-insufflation-in-the-treatment-of-respiratory-failure-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Pratik Doshi, Jessica S Whittle, Michael Bublewicz, Joseph Kearney, Terrell Ashe, Russell Graham, Suesann Salazar, Terry W Ellis, Dianna Maynard, Rose Dennis, April Tillotson, Mandy Hill, Misha Granado, Nancy Gordon, Charles Dunlap, Sheldon Spivey, Thomas L Miller
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We compare high-velocity nasal insufflation, a form of high-flow nasal cannula, with noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation in the treatment of undifferentiated respiratory failure with respect to therapy failure, as indicated by requirement for endotracheal intubation or cross over to the alternative therapy. METHODS: This was a multicenter, randomized trial of adults presenting to the emergency department (ED) with respiratory failure requiring noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation...
January 5, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310387/renal-hybrid-oncocytic-chromophobe-tumor-associated-with-multiple-schwannomas-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Guanghua Liu, Yatong Li, Zhuoran Li, Jingmin Zhou, Zhen Huo, Zhigang Ji
RATIONALE: Renal hybrid oncocytic/chromophobe tumors (HOCTs) are benign tumors containing a mixture of cells with features of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (CHRCC) and renal oncocytoma (RO). Sporadic HOCT, which means HOCT occurs in patients without Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHDS) or renal oncocytosis, is extremely rare. In this article, we would report a new case of a patient with both sporadic HOCT and multiple Schwannomas, which is even rarer than simplex sporadic HOCT. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 48-year-old female was noted with multiple left-kidney masses and a history of multiple Schwannomas...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
keyword
keyword
61944
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"