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Cardiology pharmacology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724036/clinical-pharmacology-profile-of-care-in-hepatology-clinic
#1
Talita Rocha Passos, Fabiana Silva Santos, Maria Cleusa Martins, Vanusa Barbosa Pinto, Flair José Carrilho, Suzane Kioko Ono
Since 2010, the Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology Division of the Central Institute of Hospital das Clínicas of the University of São Paulo Medical School (HC-FMUSP, in the Portuguese acronym) has been developing specialized electives assistance activities in the Outpatient Specialty Clinic, Secondary Level, in São Paulo NGA-63 Várzea do Carmo. The objective of this study was to analyze the pharmacotherapeutic profile of patients. This is a cross-sectional and retrospective study in which patients were seen at the Hepatology sector and the results were submitted to descriptive statistics...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690390/integrated-care-of-muscular-dystrophies-in-italy-part-1-pharmacological-treatment-and-rehabilitative-interventions
#2
Luisa Politano, Marianna Scutifero, Melania Patalano, Alessandra Sagliocchi, Antonella Zaccaro, Federica Civati, Erika Brighina, Gianluca Vita, Sonia Messina, Maria Sframeli, Maria Elena Lombardo, Roberta Scalise, Giulia Colia, Maria Catteruccia, Angela Berardinelli, Maria Chiara Motta, Alessandra Gaiani, Claudio Semplicini, Luca Bello, Guja Astrea, Giulia Ricci, Maria Grazia D'Angelo, Giuseppe Vita, Marika Pane, Adele D'Amico, Umberto Balottin, Corrado Angelini, Roberta Battini, Lorenza Magliano
This paper describes the pharmacological therapies and rehabilitative interventions received by 502 patients with Muscular Dystrophies, evaluated in relation to patient's socio-demographic and clinical variables, and geographical areas. Data were collected by the MD-Socio-Demographic and Clinical Schedule (MD-SC-CS) and by the Family Problems Questionnaire (FPQ). The most part of the enrolled patients were in drug treatment. The number of the medications increased in relation to patient's age, disability degree and duration of illness and was higher among patients with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) compared with Becker (BMD) or Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophies (LGMD)...
March 2017: Acta Myologica: Myopathies and Cardiomyopathies: Official Journal of the Mediterranean Society of Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644179/improving-heart-failure-patient-outcomes-utilizing-guideline-directed-therapy
#3
Beth Towery Davidson, Terri Lynn Allison
Heart failure (HF) prevalence continues to rise and remains a significant burden to patients, caregivers, providers, and the healthcare system. Guideline-directed medical therapy with standard neurohormonal blockade has been the cornerstone of medical management for many years. Despite aggressive utilization of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta-blockers, and aldosterone antagonists, HF hospitalizations and readmissions are common and residual mortality remains high...
July 21, 2017: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621180/interview-with-derek-connolly
#4
Derek Leslie Connolly
Dr Derek Connolly speaks to Adam Price-Evans, Commissioning Editor of Future Cardiology: Derek Leslie Connolly is a Consultant Interventional Cardiologist at Birmingham City Hospital (UK). He qualified from the University of Edinburgh (UK) summa cum laude in Pharmacology in 1985 and in Medicine in 1988 where he was the Brunton Medalist. As a Carnegie scholar at the University of California, San Diego (CA, USA) he saw the early promise of angioplasty and changed his career plan from cardiac surgery to coronary intervention...
July 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565991/platelet-testing-in-flow-diversion-a-review-of-the-evidence
#5
L Ian Taylor, James C Dickerson, Robert J Dambrino, M Yashar S Kalani, Philipp Taussky, Chad W Washington, Min S Park
OBJECTIVE Although the use of dual antiplatelet therapy with flow diversion is recommended and commonplace, the testing of platelet inhibition is more controversial. METHODS The authors reviewed the medical literature to establish and describe the physiology of platelet adhesion, the pharmacology of antiplatelet medications, and the mechanisms of the available platelet function tests. Additionally, they present a review of the pertinent neurointerventional and interventional cardiology literature. RESULTS Competing reports in the neurointerventional literature argue for and against the use of routine platelet function testing, with adjustments to the dosage or medications based on the results...
June 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454759/pattern-and-consequences-of-cardiologic-medications-management-for-patients-with-elevated-troponin-i-upon-admission-into-an-intensive-care-unit-not-linked-to-type%C3%A2-1-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#6
R Kortbaoui, J Allyn, J Guglielminotti, F Bussienne, P Montravers, O Martinet, D Vandroux, M Desmard, P Augustin, N Allou
OBJECTIVES: No recommendations are currently available to help the clinician with the pharmacological management of intensive care unit (ICU) patients with elevated cardiac troponin (cTn) not linked to type 1 AMI. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pattern of cardiologic medications for patients with elevated cTnI in ICU not link to type 1 AMI and their effects on in-hospital mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study conducted in two ICU units...
April 25, 2017: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453734/novel-targets-and-future-strategies-for-acute-cardioprotection-position-paper-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-working-group-on-cellular-biology-of-the-heart
#7
Derek J Hausenloy, David Garcia-Dorado, Hans Erik Bøtker, Sean M Davidson, James Downey, Felix B Engel, Robert Jennings, Sandrine Lecour, Jonathan Leor, Rosalinda Madonna, Michel Ovize, Cinzia Perrino, Fabrice Prunier, Rainer Schulz, Joost P G Sluijter, Linda W Van Laake, Jakob Vinten-Johansen, Derek M Yellon, Kirsti Ytrehus, Gerd Heusch, Péter Ferdinandy
Ischaemic heart disease and the heart failure that often results, remain the leading causes of death and disability in Europe and worldwide. As such, in order to prevent heart failure and improve clinical outcomes in patients presenting with an acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery, novel therapies are required to protect the heart against the detrimental effects of acute ischaemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). During the last three decades, a wide variety of ischaemic conditioning strategies and pharmacological treatments have been tested in the clinic-however, their translation from experimental to clinical studies for improving patient outcomes has been both challenging and disappointing...
May 1, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451824/heart-failure-guidelines-on-pharmacotherapy
#8
Lampros Papadimitriou, Carine E Hamo, Javed Butler
Heart Failure (HF) is a serious emerging Public Health issue mainly in the high-income countries. In the USA, more than 6 million adults are affected. Despite the latest advances in device and pharmacological therapeutics, it still carries a huge burden, partially reflected in the annual healthcare cost of approximately $30 billion (2012) and the 5 year mortality rate of 50%. In this article, we review the medications, proven to significantly reduce mortality and morbidity in HF patients with structural myocardial disease and past or current symptoms, based on the latest North American HF guidelines...
April 28, 2017: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446515/role-of-biomarkers-for-the-prevention-assessment-and-management-of-heart-failure-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#9
REVIEW
Sheryl L Chow, Alan S Maisel, Inder Anand, Biykem Bozkurt, Rudolf A de Boer, G Michael Felker, Gregg C Fonarow, Barry Greenberg, James L Januzzi, Michael S Kiernan, Peter P Liu, Thomas J Wang, Clyde W Yancy, Michael R Zile
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Natriuretic peptides have led the way as a diagnostic and prognostic tool for the diagnosis and management of heart failure (HF). More recent evidence suggests that natriuretic peptides along with the next generation of biomarkers may provide added value to medical management, which could potentially lower risk of mortality and readmissions. The purpose of this scientific statement is to summarize the existing literature and to provide guidance for the utility of currently available biomarkers...
May 30, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406264/persistent-low-rates-of-treatment-of-metabolic-risk-factors-in-people-with-psychotic-disorders-a-phamous-study
#10
Jojanneke Bruins, Gerdina H M Pijnenborg, Edwin R van den Heuvel, Ellen Visser, Eva Corpeleijn, Agna A Bartels-Velthuis, Richard Bruggeman, Frederike Jörg
OBJECTIVE: People with psychotic disorders have an increased metabolic risk and a shortened life expectancy compared to the general population. Two large studies showed that metabolic disorders were untreated in a majority of the patients. Since then, guidelines have urged monitoring of metabolic health. This study examined the course of metabolic disorders over time in people with psychotic disorders and investigated current treatment rates. METHODS: A total of 1,259 patients with psychotic disorders, as defined by the DSM-IV, from 4 Dutch mental health institutions participated in 3 yearly assessments of the Pharmacotherapy Monitoring and Outcome Survey (PHAMOUS) between 2006 and 2014...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392102/creatine-phosphate-administration-in-cell-energy-impairment-conditions-a-summary-of-past-and-present-research
#11
REVIEW
A V Gaddi, P Galuppo, J Yang
BACKGROUND: Creatine phosphate (CrP) plays a fundamental physiological role by providing chemical energy for cell viability and activity, especially in muscle tissue. Numerous pathological conditions, caused by acute or chronic ischaemic situations, are related to its deficiency. For these reasons, it has been used as a cardioprotective agent in heart surgery and medical cardiology for many years. OBJECTIVE: This article gives a brief overview of the main characteristics of exogenous CrP...
March 14, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387202/2016-consensus-statement-on-prevention-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-hong-kong-population
#12
B My Cheung, C H Cheng, C P Lau, C Ky Wong, R Cw Ma, D Ws Chu, D Hk Ho, K Lf Lee, H F Tse, A Sp Wong, B Py Yan, V Wt Yan
INTRODUCTION: In Hong Kong, the prevalence of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease has increased markedly over the past few decades, and further increases are expected. In 2008, the Hong Kong Cardiovascular Task Force released a consensus statement on preventing cardiovascular disease in the Hong Kong population. The present article provides an update on these recommendations. PARTICIPANTS: A multidisciplinary group of clinicians comprising the Hong Kong Cardiovascular Task Force-10 cardiologists, an endocrinologist, and a family physician-met in September 2014 and June 2015 in Hong Kong...
April 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340182/novel-targets-and-future-strategies-for-acute-cardioprotection-position-paper-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-working-group-on-cellular-biology-of-the-heart
#13
Derek J Hausenloy, David Garcia-Dorado, Hans Erik Bøtker, Sean M Davidson, James Downey, Felix B Engel, Robert Jennings, Sandrine Lecour, Jonathan Leor, Rosalinda Madonna, Michel Ovize, Cinzia Perrino, Fabrice Prunier, Rainer Schulz, Joost P G Sluijter, Linda W Van Laake, Jakob Vinten-Johansen, Derek M Yellon, Kirsti Ytrehus, Gerd Heusch, Péter Ferdinandy
Ischaemic heart disease and the heart failure that often results, remain the leading causes of death and disability in Europe and worldwide. As such, in order to prevent heart failure and improve clinical outcomes in patients presenting with an acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery, novel therapies are required to protect the heart against the detrimental effects of acute ischaemia/reperfusion injury. During the last three decades, a wide variety of ischaemic conditioning strategies and pharmacological treatments have been tested in the clinic - however, their translation from experimental to clinical studies for improving patient outcomes has been both challenging and disappointing...
March 17, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290871/-proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-pcsk9-new-opportunities-of-lipid-lowering-therapy
#14
K S Astrakova, Yu I Ragino, E V Shakhtshneider, M I Voevoda
In the literature review covered issues opening protein-proprotein convertase, subtilisin/kexin-type9 (PCSK9), its modern terminology, the results of its biochemical, molecular and genetic studies, metabolic regulation, functions and clinical findings in the blood content ofPCSK9 in lipid disorders and clinical pharmacological studies of monoclonal antibodies to this protein for the correction of lipid metabolism of major interest for cardiology and lipidology.
September 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254506/ion-currents-of-cardiomyocytes-in-different-regions-of-the-g%C3%A3-ttingen-minipig-heart
#15
Per Arlock, Tomas Mow, Trygve Sjöberg, Anders Arner, Stig Steen, Morten Laursen
INTRODUCTION: The Göttingen minipig is a promising model for pharmacological safety assessment and for translational research in cardiology. We have examined the main ion currents in cardiomyocytes of the minipig heart. METHODS: Cardiac cells were isolated from different cardiac regions (endo-, mid- and epicardial left ventricle and right ventricle) from Göttingen minipigs and examined using the whole cell patch clamp technique combined with pharmacological interventions...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239752/potential-and-limitations-of-cochrane-reviews-in-pediatric-cardiology-a-systematic-analysis
#16
Martin Poryo, Sara Khosrawikatoli, Hashim Abdul-Khaliq, Sascha Meyer
Evidence-based medicine has contributed substantially to the quality of medical care in pediatric and adult cardiology. However, our impression from the bedside is that a substantial number of Cochrane reviews generate inconclusive data that are of limited clinical benefit. We performed a systematic synopsis of Cochrane reviews published between 2001 and 2015 in the field of pediatric cardiology. Main outcome parameters were the number and percentage of conclusive, partly conclusive, and inconclusive reviews as well as their recommendations and their development over three a priori defined intervals...
April 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192391/cmos-nanoelectrode-array-for-all-electrical-intracellular-electrophysiological-imaging
#17
Jeffrey Abbott, Tianyang Ye, Ling Qin, Marsela Jorgolli, Rona S Gertner, Donhee Ham, Hongkun Park
Developing a new tool capable of high-precision electrophysiological recording of a large network of electrogenic cells has long been an outstanding challenge in neurobiology and cardiology. Here, we combine nanoscale intracellular electrodes with complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) integrated circuits to realize a high-fidelity all-electrical electrophysiological imager for parallel intracellular recording at the network level. Our CMOS nanoelectrode array has 1,024 recording/stimulation 'pixels' equipped with vertical nanoelectrodes, and can simultaneously record intracellular membrane potentials from hundreds of connected in vitro neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes...
May 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169119/reperfusion-therapy-of-myocardial-infarction-in-mexico-a-challenge-for-modern-cardiology
#18
Carlos Martínez-Sánchez, Alexandra Arias-Mendoza, Héctor González-Pacheco, Diego Araiza-Garaygordobil, Luis Alfonso Marroquín-Donday, Jorge Padilla-Ibarra, Carlos Sierra-Fernández, Alfredo Altamirano-Castillo, Amada Álvarez-Sangabriel, Francisco Javier Azar-Manzur, José Luis Briseño-de la Cruz, Salvador Mendoza-García, Yigal Piña-Reyna, Marco Antonio Martínez-Ríos
Mexico has been positioned as the country with the highest mortality attributed to myocardial infarction among the members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. This rate responds to multiple factors, including a low rate of reperfusion therapy and the absence of a coordinated system of care. Primary angioplasty is the reperfusion method recommended by the guidelines, but requires multiple conditions that are not reached at all times. Early pharmacological reperfusion of the culprit coronary artery and early coronary angiography (pharmacoinvasive strategy) can be the solution to the logistical problem that primary angioplasty rises...
April 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167634/management-of-patients-on-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-in-the-acute-care-and-periprocedural-setting-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#19
REVIEW
Amish N Raval, Joaquin E Cigarroa, Mina K Chung, Larry J Diaz-Sandoval, Deborah Diercks, Jonathan P Piccini, Hee Soo Jung, Jeffrey B Washam, Babu G Welch, Allyson R Zazulia, Sean P Collins
Non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are now widely used as alternatives to warfarin for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation and management of venous thromboembolism. In clinical practice, there is still widespread uncertainty on how to manage patients on NOACs who bleed or who are at risk for bleeding. Clinical trial data related to NOAC reversal for bleeding and perioperative management are sparse, and recommendations are largely derived from expert opinion. Knowledge of time of last ingestion of the NOAC and renal function is critical to managing these patients given that laboratory measurement is challenging because of the lack of commercially available assays in the United States...
March 7, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154736/optimizing-stem-cells-for-cardiac-repair-current-status-and-new-frontiers-in-regenerative-cardiology
#20
REVIEW
Shant Der Sarkissian, Thierry Lévesque, Nicolas Noiseux
Cell therapy has the potential to improve healing of ischemic heart, repopulate injured myocardium and restore cardiac function. The tremendous hope and potential of stem cell therapy is well understood, yet recent trials involving cell therapy for cardiovascular diseases have yielded mixed results with inconsistent data thereby readdressing controversies and unresolved questions regarding stem cell efficacy for ischemic cardiac disease treatment. These controversies are believed to arise by the lack of uniformity of the clinical trial methodologies, uncertainty regarding the underlying reparative mechanisms of stem cells, questions concerning the most appropriate cell population to use, the proper delivery method and timing in relation to the moment of infarction, as well as the poor stem cell survival and engraftment especially in a diseased microenvironment which is collectively acknowledged as a major hindrance to any form of cell therapy...
January 26, 2017: World Journal of Stem Cells
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