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Professional pharmacy services

Angela Dawson, Deborah Bateson, Jane Estoesta, Elizabeth Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Improving access to safe abortion is an essential strategy in the provision of universal access to reproductive health care. Australians are largely supportive of the provision of abortion and its decriminalization. However, the lack of data and the complex legal and service delivery situation impacts upon access for women seeking an early termination of pregnancy. There are no systematic reviews from a health services perspective to help direct health planners and policy makers to improve access comprehensive medical and early surgical abortion in high income countries...
October 22, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Tatiane Fernandes Farias, Karina da Silva Aguiar, Inajara Rotta, Klezia Morais da Silva Belletti, Juliane Carlotto
Objective: To implement a clinical pharmacy service focused on the comprehensive review of antineoplastic drugs used in therapy of hematological diseases. Methods: An interventional study was conducted in a Brazilian tertiary teaching hospital in two different periods, with and without a clinical pharmacy service, respectively. This service consisted of an antineoplastic prescription validation (analysis of patients' characteristics, laboratory tests, compliance with the therapeutic protocol and with pharmacotechnical parameters)...
July 2016: Einstein
Jennifer L Bacci, Tolu P Akinwale, Alex J Adams, Melissa Somma McGivney
Objective. To identify community pharmacy shared faculty members across the United States and to describe their roles and responsibilities in terms of teaching, service, and scholarship. Methods. This study was a mixed-methods analysis using surveys and key informant interviews. Results. Twenty-two faculty members completed the survey; nine were interviewed. Their major roles and responsibilities included teaching in community-based and experiential learning courses, precepting students and/or residents, being actively involved in professional organizations, providing patient care while leading innovation, and disseminating findings through scholarship...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Mirai Mourad Sadek, Asim Ahmed Elnour, Naama M S Al Kalbani, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Mohamed A Baraka, Alaa Mohammed Abdul Aziz, Abdulla Shehab
Background: The pharmaceutical care and 'extended' roles are still not practiced optimally by community pharmacists. Several studies have discussed the practice of community pharmacy in the UAE and have shown that most community pharmacists only counsel patients. However, UAE, has taken initiatives to allow and prepare community pharmacists to practice 'extended' roles. Aim of the review: The aim was to review the current roles of community pharmacists in Abu Dhabi Emirate, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Objective: The objective was to encourage community pharmacists toward extending their practice roles...
September 2016: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
C L Kirkdale, G Nebout, M Taitel, J Rubin, I Jacinto, R Horta, F Megerlin, T Thornley
Improving influenza vaccination coverage has been, and still remains a challenge internationally. There are now many examples where countries have pursued a pharmacist-led influenza vaccination service in order to enhance vaccination coverage of at-risk populations. England, Portugal and the United States are successful examples where their experience implementing this service can now be explored retrospectively and learnt from. This review aims to provide evidence to help overcome barriers to commissioning and implementation of such services in countries new to the experience...
October 4, 2016: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
Louise E Curley, Janice Moody, Rukshar Gobarani, Trudi Aspden, Maree Jensen, Maureen McDonald, John Shaw, Janie Sheridan
BACKGROUND: Worldwide the demands on emergency and primary health care services are increasing. General practitioners and accident and emergency departments are often used unnecessarily for the treatment of minor ailments. Community pharmacy is often the first port of call for patients in the provision of advice on minor ailments, advising the patient on treatment or referring the patient to an appropriate health professional when necessary. The potential for community pharmacists to act as providers of triage services has started to be recognised, and community pharmacy triage services (CPTS) are emerging in a number of countries...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
H Laetitia Hattingh, T Fei Sim, R Parsons, P Czarniak, A Vickery, S Ayadurai
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the uptake of Western Australian (WA) pharmacist vaccination services, the profiles of consumers being vaccinated and the facilitators and challenges experienced by pharmacy staff in the preparation, implementation and delivery of services. DESIGN: Mixed-methods methodology with both quantitative and qualitative data through surveys, pharmacy computer records and immuniser pharmacist interviews. SETTING: Community pharmacies in WA that provided pharmacist vaccination services between March and October 2015...
2016: BMJ Open
L E Higham, W Ongeri, K Asena, M V Thrusfield
Livestock are of vital importance to the livelihoods of millions of people across the world, playing a pivotal role in income generation, employment, food security, transport and social cohesion. Access to quality animal-health services by livestock owners is critical to sustainable food-animal production; therefore, animal-health practitioners represent key stakeholders within the world food system. A mixed-method study was conducted in the Rift Valley of Kenya to characterise and compare existing private animal-health services and to explore perceptions of veterinary services amongst pastoralists and farmers...
September 10, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
MaryBeth Mandich, Mia Erickson, Beth Nardella
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Participating in global healthcare through international clinical education may enhance development of cultural competence and professionalism. There are many logistical issues to be resolved in developing international clinical education experiences which meet program requirements. The purpose of this case study is to describe how one university developed such an experience for students by partnering with Amizade Global Service Learning, an organization that facilitates global learning experiences...
September 8, 2016: Physical Therapy
Brittany A Todd, Donald G Lamprecht, Sheila L Stadler
PURPOSE: Prescribing practices within a clinical pharmacy cardiac risk service (CPCRS) and their impact on treatment outcomes in patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) are described. SUMMARY: National healthcare reforms have increased the population of insured patients and placed increased demands on physicians and other providers. Pharmacists are well trained and positioned to aid in patient care by providing expertise in medication management and patient safety that can result in pharmacotherapy optimization and cost savings...
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Mohammad Abbasinazari, Jamshid Salamzadeh, Azadeh Eshraghi, Vahid Belbasi, Ashnagar Arezoo
Dyspepsia is one of the most frequent problems in the community. The public increasingly seeks out health advice from professionals such as community pharmacists due to a growing interest in understanding drugs and self-medication for common conditions such as dyspepsia. The purpose of our study was to assess dyspepsia-related knowledge of pharmacists in Iran.This study has been done among community pharmacists working in Tehran, Iran. This cross-sectional study was conducted as a survey questionnaire administered to 200 community pharmacists working in Tehran...
September 5, 2016: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
Iyn-Hyang Lee, Sandy Jeong Rhie, Nam Kyung Je, Ki Yon Rhew, Eunhee Ji, Jung Mi Oh, Euni Lee, Jeong-Hyun Yoon
Purpose To explore the need for pharmaceutical care services, key features of desirable pharmacy services, and perceived barriers for advancing the services in hospital environments with doctors and nurses who are key co-workers of the interdisciplinary team care services.Methods Semi-structured, in-depth interviews with eighteen doctors and fifteen nurses employing purposive and snowballing sampling strategies were conducted in ten hospitals in South Korea. Results The level of pharmaceutical care was varied across regions or institutions in South Korea...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Lucas Miyake Okumura, Daniella Matsubara da Silva, Larissa Comarella
OBJECTIVE: Clinical Pharmacy Services (CPS) are considered standard of care and they are endorsed by the Joint Commission International, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the American College of Clinical Pharmacy. In Brazil, single experiences have been discreetly arising and the importance of these services to children and adolescents care has led to interesting results, but certainly are under reported. This short report aims to discuss the effect of implementing a bedside CPS at a Brazilian Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU)...
August 12, 2016: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Jah Nik, Pauline Siew Mei Lai, Chirk Jenn Ng, Lynne Emmerton
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis has significant impact on healthcare costs and quality of life. Amongst the models for collaborative disease state management services published internationally, there is sparse evidence regarding the role of community pharmacists in the provision of osteoporosis care. Hence, the aim of our study was to explore community pharmacists' opinions (including the barriers and facilitators) and scope of osteoporosis disease state management services by community pharmacists in Malaysia, informing a vision for developing these services...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Joanna C Moullin, Daniel Sabater-Hernández, Shalom I Benrimoj
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have explored the implementation process and influences, however it appears there is no study investigating these influences across the stages of implementation. Community pharmacy is attempting to implement professional services (pharmaceutical care and other health services). The use of implementation theory may assist the achievement of widespread provision, support and integration. The objective was to investigate professional service implementation in community pharmacy to contextualise and advance the concepts of a generic implementation framework previously published...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Amber Frick, Cristina S Benton, Kelly L Scolaro, Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Courtney L Bradley, Oscar T Suzuki, Nan Wang, Tim Wiltshire
Pharmacogenomics, once hailed as a futuristic approach to pharmacotherapy, has transitioned to clinical implementation. Although logistic and economic limitations to clinical pharmacogenomics are being superseded by external measures such as preemptive genotyping, implementation by clinicians has met resistance, partly due to a lack of education. Pharmacists, with extensive training in pharmacology and pharmacotherapy and accessibility to patients, are ideally suited to champion clinical pharmacogenomics. This study aimed to analyze the outcomes of an innovative pharmacogenomic teaching approach...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Andrea L Murphy, David M Gardner
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists are accessible health care professionals who are increasingly offering weight management programs. People living with serious mental illness have markedly higher rates of obesity and associated illness outcomes than the general population, providing pharmacists who are interested in offering weight management services with an identifiable patient subgroup with increased health needs. Issues with stigma within obesity and mental illness care are prevalent and can lead to inequities and reduced quality of care...
July 2016: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
Rhian Isaac, Astrid Gerrard, Kevin Bazaz
BACKGROUND: Pressures to open pharmacy services 7 days a week, with no financial input for these extra resources, has knock on effects that may dilute accessibility to clinical pharmacists in specialist areas. AIMS: The aim of this survey was to assess opinions of the users of the current pharmacy services to PICU and the planned extended hours provision. METHOD: An e-survey was sent to PIC Consultants, Advanced Nurse Practitioners, and Senior Nursing Staff following a six month period of increased clinical pharmacists time allocation to PIC...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Andrew Lilley, Leanne Turner
INTRODUCTION: The local Clinical Commissioning Group has funded an innovative one-year pilot project to assess the value of providing specialist paediatric pharmacist and physiotherapist support direct to families and health care professionals (GP's, community pharmacists, practice nurses etc.) regarding asthma in the primary care setting. Currently no such support is provided within community setting by physiotherapy or pharmacy. METHODS: Joint holistic reviews by the clinical specialist physiotherapist and specialist paediatric pharmacist were performed in the patient's home environment or school...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Andrew Lilley
INTRODUCTION: The local Clinical Commissioning Group has funded an innovative one-year pilot project to assess the value of providing specialist paediatric pharmacist and physiotherapist support direct to families and health care professionals (GP's, community pharmacists, practice nurses etc.) regarding asthma in the primary care setting. Community pharmacies are the one service that asthmatic children come in contact with in order to pick up their medications it was decided to encourage staff to provide interventions at the point of collection...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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