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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149575/researchers-of-color-fame-and-impact
#1
Michael A Zárate, Gordon Nagayama Hall, Victoria C Plaut
Fame and eminence, as traditionally measured, limit the definition of impact to the publication world. We add two types of impact to the traditional measures of fame and eminence. Many of the traditional measures of fame or eminence are based on social-network connections, whereby individuals appoint other people to positions of eminence. Editorial boards are one specific example. Eminence is also limited to number of publications, for example, with little regard for the impact of those publications at the societal level...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149568/individual-atomic-imaging-of-multiple-dopant-sites-in-as-doped-si-using-spectro-photoelectron-holography
#2
Kazuo Tsutsui, Tomohiro Matsushita, Kotaro Natori, Takayuki Muro, Yoshitada Morikawa, Takuya Hoshii, Kuniyuki Kakushima, Hitoshi Wakabayashi, Kouichi Hayashi, Fumihiko Matsui, Toyohiko Kinoshita
The atomic scale characterization of dopant atoms in semiconductor devices to establish correlations with the electrical activation of these atoms is the essential to the advancement of contemporary semiconductor process technology. Spectro-photoelectron holography combined with first-principles simulations can determine the local three-dimensional atomic structures of dopant elements, which in turn affect their electronic states. In the work reported herein, this technique was used to examine arsenic (As) atoms doped into a silicon (Si) crystal...
November 17, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149497/perceptions-of-general-and-postpresidential-election-discrimination-are-associated-with-loss-of-control-eating-among-racially-ethnically-diverse-young-men
#3
Nichole R Kelly, Tasia M Smith, Gordon C N Hall, Claire Guidinger, Gina Williamson, Elizabeth L Budd, Nicole R Giuliani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between young men's perceived experiences with discrimination, both general and following the 2016 presidential election, and their loss of control (LOC) eating. The degree to which men identified with their ethnic identity was evaluated as a moderator. METHOD: The sample included 798 men (18-30 years; M = 24.0 ± 3.6) who identified as African American (n = 261), Asian/Asian American (n = 266), or Hispanic/Latino (n = 271)...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149197/sieve-analysis-of-breakthrough-hiv-1-sequences-in-hvtn-505-identifies-vaccine-pressure-targeting-the-cd4-binding-site-of-env-gp120
#4
Allan C deCamp, Morgane Rolland, Paul T Edlefsen, Eric Sanders-Buell, Breana Hall, Craig A Magaret, Andrew J Fiore-Gartland, Michal Juraska, Lindsay N Carpp, Shelly T Karuna, Meera Bose, Steven LePore, Shana Miller, Annemarie O'Sullivan, Kultida Poltavee, Hongjun Bai, Kalpana Dommaraju, Hong Zhao, Kim Wong, Lennie Chen, Hasan Ahmed, Derrick Goodman, Matthew Z Tay, Raphael Gottardo, Richard A Koup, Robert Bailer, John R Mascola, Barney S Graham, Mario Roederer, Robert J O'Connell, Nelson L Michael, Merlin L Robb, Elizabeth Adams, Patricia D'Souza, James Kublin, Lawrence Corey, Daniel E Geraghty, Nicole Frahm, Georgia D Tomaras, M Juliana McElrath, Lisa Frenkel, Sheila Styrchak, Sodsai Tovanabutra, Magdalena E Sobieszczyk, Scott M Hammer, Jerome H Kim, James I Mullins, Peter B Gilbert
Although the HVTN 505 DNA/recombinant adenovirus type 5 vector HIV-1 vaccine trial showed no overall efficacy, analysis of breakthrough HIV-1 sequences in participants can help determine whether vaccine-induced immune responses impacted viruses that caused infection. We analyzed 480 HIV-1 genomes sampled from 27 vaccine and 20 placebo recipients and found that intra-host HIV-1 diversity was significantly lower in vaccine recipients (P ≤ 0.04, Q-values ≤ 0.09) in Gag, Pol, Vif and envelope glycoprotein gp120 (Env-gp120)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148926/identification-of-gene-candidates-associated-with-huanglongbing-tolerance-using-candidatus-liberibacter-asiaticus-flagellin-22-as-a-proxy-to-challenge-citrus
#5
Qingchun Shi, Vicente J Febres, Shujian Zhang, Fahong Yu, Greg McCollum, David G Hall, Gloria A Moore, Ed Stover
The 22-amino acid (flg22) pathogen-associated molecular pattern from the flagellin of Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri has been shown to induce defense responses correlated with citrus canker resistance. Here, flg22 of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus', the putative causal agent of Huanglongbing (HLB), elicited differential defense responses that were weaker than those from Xcc-flg22, between those of the HLB-tolerant mandarin cultivar Sun Chu Sha and susceptible grapefruit cultivar Duncan. Transcriptomics was used to compare the effect of CLas-flg22 and Xcc-flg22 between the citrus genotypes and identified 86 genes induced only by CLas-flg22 in the tolerant mandarin...
November 17, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148808/detection-of-short-waved-spin-waves-in-individual-microscopic-spin-wave-waveguides-using-the-inverse-spin-hall-effect
#6
Thomas Brächer, Mathieu Fabre, Thomas Meyer, Tobias Fischer, Stéphane Auffret, Olivier Boulle, Ursula Ebels, Philipp Pirro, Gilles Gaudin
The miniaturization of CMOS devices becomes increasingly difficult due to fundamental limitations and the increase of leakage currents. Large research efforts are devoted to find alternative concepts that allow for a larger data-density and lower power consumption than conventional semiconductor approaches. Spin waves have been identified as a potential technology that can complement and outperform CMOS in complex logic applications, profiting from the fact that these waves enable wave computing on the nano-scale...
November 17, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148331/financial-performance-of-health-insurers-state-run-versus-federal-run-exchanges
#7
Mark A Hall, Michael J McCue, Jennifer R Palazzolo
Many insurers incurred financial losses in individual markets for health insurance during 2014, the first year of Affordable Care Act mandated changes. This analysis looks at key financial ratios of insurers to compare profitability in 2014 and 2013, identify factors driving financial performance, and contrast the financial performance of health insurers operating in state-run exchanges versus the federal exchange. Overall, the median loss of sampled insurers was -3.9%, no greater than their loss in 2013. Reduced administrative costs offset increases in medical losses...
March 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147875/evaluation-of-nfsa-like-nitroreductases-from-neisseria-meningitidis-and-bartonella-henselae-for-enzyme-prodrug-therapy-targeted-cellular-ablation-and-dinitrotoluene-bioremediation
#8
Michelle H Rich, Abigail V Sharrock, Kelsi R Hall, David F Ackerley, Joanna K MacKichan
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the activities of two candidate nitroreductases, Neisseria meningitidis NfsA (NfsA_Nm) and Bartonella henselae (PnbA_Bh), with the nitro-prodrugs, CB1954 and metronidazole, and the environmental pollutants 2,4- and 2,6-dinitrotoluene. RESULTS: NfsA_Nm and PnbA_Bh were evaluated in Escherichia coli over-expression assays and as His6-tagged proteins in vitro. With the anti-cancer prodrug CB1954, both enzymes were more effective than the canonical O2-insensitive nitroreductase E...
November 17, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146963/chemical-potential-of-quasi-equilibrium-magnon-gas-driven-by-pure-spin-current
#9
V E Demidov, S Urazhdin, B Divinskiy, V D Bessonov, A B Rinkevich, V V Ustinov, S O Demokritov
Pure spin currents provide the possibility to control the magnetization state of conducting and insulating magnetic materials. They allow one to increase or reduce the density of magnons, and achieve coherent dynamic states of magnetization reminiscent of the Bose-Einstein condensation. However, until now there was no direct evidence that the state of the magnon gas subjected to spin current can be treated thermodynamically. Here, we show experimentally that the spin current generated by the spin-Hall effect drives the magnon gas into a quasi-equilibrium state that can be described by the Bose-Einstein statistics...
November 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146916/deposition-of-topological-silicene-germanene-and-stanene-on-graphene-covered-sic-substrates
#10
Filipe Matusalem, Daniel S Koda, Friedhelm Bechstedt, Marcelo Marques, Lara K Teles
Growth of X-enes, such as silicene, germanene and stanene, requires passivated substrates to ensure the survival of their exotic properties. Using first-principles methods, we study as-grown graphene on polar SiC surfaces as suitable substrates. Trilayer combinations with coincidence lattices with large hexagonal unit cells allow for strain-free group-IV monolayers. In contrast to the Si-terminated SiC surface, van der Waals-bonded honeycomb X-ene/graphene bilayers on top of the C-terminated SiC substrate are stable...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146894/odd-viscosity-in-chiral-active-fluids
#11
Debarghya Banerjee, Anton Souslov, Alexander G Abanov, Vincenzo Vitelli
We study the hydrodynamics of fluids composed of self-spinning objects such as chiral grains or colloidal particles subject to torques. These chiral active fluids break both parity and time-reversal symmetries in their non-equilibrium steady states. As a result, the constitutive relations of chiral active media display a dissipationless linear-response coefficient called odd (or equivalently, Hall) viscosity. This odd viscosity does not lead to energy dissipation, but gives rise to a flow perpendicular to applied pressure...
November 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146753/navigating-the-new-landscape-of-apps-overcoming-the-challenge-of-poor-quality-apps-in-sport-and-exercise-medicine
#12
EDITORIAL
Osman Hassan Ahmed, Hopin Lee, Hannah Marchant, Rhiannon Jones, Eric E Hall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146459/factors-influencing-food-choice-of-athletes-at-international-competition-events
#13
Fiona E Pelly, Sarah J Burkhart, Peter Dunn
Although the nutrient requirements and dietary intake of athletes have been thoroughly investigated, little is known about the influences on their food choice, particularly prior to and during competition. This study sought to investigate factors that influence food selection of athletes at two similar international competition events: the Melbourne 2006 and Delhi 2010 Commonwealth Games. A secondary aim was to explore differences in these factors between at each event given the culturally diverse locations...
November 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146306/real-world-vision-in-age-related-macular-degeneration-patients-treated-with-single-anti-vegf-drug-type-for-1-year-in-the-iris-registry
#14
Prethy Rao, Flora Lum, Kevin Wood, Craig Salman, Bhavya Burugapalli, Rebecca Hall, Sukhminder Singh, David W Parke, George A Williams
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare real-world visual acuity (VA) in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) treated with a single anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drug monotherapy for 1 year from the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) Intelligent Research in Sight (IRIS) Registry. DESIGN: Retrospective, nonrandomized, comparative study. PARTICIPANTS: IRIS Registry patients with nAMD who received bevacizumab, ranibizumab, or aflibercept only for 1 year between 2013-2016...
November 13, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146248/phosphatidylcholine-absence-affects-the-secretion-of-lipodepsipeptide-phytoxins-in-pseudomonas-syringae-pv-syringae-van-hall-cfcc-1336
#15
Fang Cao, Min Xiong, Shunyi Li, Huawan Cai, Yufang Sun, Sheng Yang, Xin Liu, Rong Zhu, Xuejing Yu, Xingguo Wang
Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae van Hall CFCC 1336 (Pss 1336) is the causal agent of bacterial disease of stone fruit trees, and also able to elicit hypersensitive response (HR) in non-host tobacco. It is known that this pathogen uses PCS-pathway to synthesize phosphatidylcholine (PC), and mutation of the pcs gene abolishes bacterial PC synthesis. Previous study also found that the 1336 pcs(-) mutant lacking PC in its membrane phospholipids was unable to secrete HrpZ harpin and elicit HR in non-host plants...
January 2018: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146234/the-value-of-patient-directed-brain-mri-scan-with-a-diagnosis-of-migraine
#16
William J Mullally, Kathryn E Hall
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a brain MRI scan in patients with a diagnosis of migraine, who insist on the performance of imaging, is of more benefit in detecting clinically significant unsuspected structural abnormalities than would be expected by chance. METHODS: This prospective, observational, single center study was performed from January 1, 2010 to December 31,2012 and included 100 subjects with a diagnosis of migraine and a normal neurologic exam. A brain MRI scan was performed on all patients, solely at their request, to detect an unsuspected clinically significant structural lesion...
November 13, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145377/dawn-of-plate-tectonics
#17
Shannon Hall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Scientific American
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145364/could-genetic-engineering-save-the-gal%C3%A3-pagos
#18
Stephen S Hall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Scientific American
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145359/racial-ethnic-health-disparities-among-rural-adults-united-states-2012-2015
#19
Cara V James, Ramal Moonesinghe, Shondelle M Wilson-Frederick, Jeffrey E Hall, Ana Penman-Aguilar, Karen Bouye
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Rural communities often have worse health outcomes, have less access to care, and are less diverse than urban communities. Much of the research on rural health disparities examines disparities between rural and urban communities, with fewer studies on disparities within rural communities. This report provides an overview of racial/ethnic health disparities for selected indicators in rural areas of the United States. REPORTING PERIOD: 2012-2015...
November 17, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144579/tailor-made-molecularly-imprinted-polymer-for-selective-recognition-of-the-urinary-tumor-marker-pseudouridine
#20
Aleksandra Krstulja, Stefania Lettieri, Andrew J Hall, Vincent Roy, Patrick Favetta, Luigi A Agrofoglio
Pseudouridine (Ψ) is an important urinary cancer biomarker, especially in human colorectal cancer (CRC). Disclosed herein is the first Ψ molecularly imprinted polymer (Ψ-MIP) material obtained from tailor-engineered functional monomers. The resulting MIP imprint exhibits a remarkable imprinting factor greater than 70. It is successfully used for the selective recognition of Ψ in spiked human urine. This selective functionalized material opens the route to the development of inexpensive disposable chemosensors for noninvasive CRC diagnosis and prognosis...
November 16, 2017: Macromolecular Bioscience
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